Fiction (Novel + short stories)Presentation Transcript
FictionWorks of prose in whichimaginary stories eitherrealistic or unrealistic are told.
The Early Types of Fiction are :1- Fairy Tales:Are imaginary stories that tell the story ofsupernatural charactersExample:Cinderella and Aladdin and His Magic LampThe stories in Arabian Nights2- Fables: are stories in which animals can talkand are very intelligentExamples: The Panchatantra or stories about thePhoenix or dragons.
Modern Fiction• Novels arrived in English in the18th century.The First great novel in Englishwas Tom Jones by Fielding
Every novel has these five elements:1. Setting - When and where the story takes place.2. Characters - The people (or sometimes animals) thestory is about.3. Plot - What happens in the story.4. Theme - The lesson the writer of the story is trying toteach the reader. The "message".5. Point of view - Who is telling the story.-First person point of view uses "I", and is told by one ofthe characters of the story.-Third person point of view uses an unnamednarrator who knows what all (or most) of the storyscharacters are thinking.
Types of Novels:1- A Social Novel: is any novel that describe the ordinary sociallife of people.Example: The Mayor of Casterbridge – Hard Times – Vanity Fair2- A Domestic Novel: is a portrayal of domestic life. Example:Pride and Prejudice3- Historical Novels: are drawn from history. Example: A Tale ofTwo Cities4- Autobiographical Novels: based on the life and experiences oftheir authors. Example: David Copperfield5- Epistolary Novels: kinds of novels that are written in the formof a series of letters exchange between characters. Example :Pamela
6- Stream of Consciousness Novels: Novels thatconcentrate on the inner minds of the charactersand their mental reactions.Examples: Novels by Virgina Woolf and JamesJoyce. Mrs. Dalloway7- Science Fiction: the effect of scientific discoveriesin the 19th century has influenced the creation ofnovels. Example: The First Men on the Moon.8- Novels of Terror : arouse the feelings of terrorand mystery in the reader. Example: The Castle ofToranto .9- Detective Fiction: the plot of such novels iswoven around an investigation of crime or amurder. Example: Agatha Christie’s novels
The Short StoryThe short story is a brief work of literature,usually written in narrative prose.
What are the differences between anovel and a short story?A short story can be seen as a slice of life.A novel could cover an entire life.A short story covers a narrow time frame.A novel could cover a massive time frame.A short story most often only includes one geographical location.A novel could cover many geographical locations.A short story can be anywhere from 500 to 9,000 words, althoughmost magazines prefer them to be under 2,000.A novel can be anywhere from 60,000 to over 100, 000 words.
What are the similarities?Both a novel and short story should have a beginning, middle and end andfollow the three act time frame.Both should start with a great hook, so that the reader doesnt want to putit down until the book/short story is finished.Both should have an inciting incident .Both should have the characters facing obstacles, setbacks, and minorvictories .Both should end with the climax of the story.Both should have a conclusion to the story.While the short story helps the author become clear and concise, thenovel offers the opportunity to expand and elaborate descriptions,subplots, and character.