Introduction to
Poetry

TO BE REPORTED BY:
Mr L Mosimango
Definition
• A collection of words that express an
emotion or idea.
• Poems are literary attempts to share
personal experi...
Definition of Poetry
• Poetry - A type of writing that uses
language to express imaginative
and emotional qualities instea...
Which half do you use when
studying poetry?
•
•
•
•

Poetry requires creativity
Poetry requires emotion
Poetry requires an...
Purpose of Poetry
• To express ideas, feelings and emotions.
Key Elements of Poetry
•
•
•
•
•

Form
Speaker
Sound
Imagery
Figurative Language
Types of Poetry
Free Verse:
Poetry that doesn’t
follow any specific
patterns in rhythm,
rhyme scheme, or line
length; free...
Types of Poetry
Haiku
A three-line Japanese
poetic form in the lines
follow the pattern of
five syllables in the
first lin...
Types of Poetry
Types of Poetry
Narrative Poem:
A poem that tells the sequence of events of a story;
“The Song of Wandering Aengus” is a n...
Types of Poetry
Sonnet:
A very structured fourteen-line poem that
follows a specific rhyme structure and rhythm.
The two m...
Rhyme
One of the most beautiful elements found in
poetry is rhyme.
Rhyme is the matching of sounds that are
similar.
Say, ...
Rhyme
When working with rhyme, you should
always remember that the most important
part of verse is the last word.
• The la...
Rhythm
• It is a movement with uniform recurrence
of a beat or accent." In its crudest form
rhythm has a beat with little ...
Alliteration
• The repetition of the initial letter or sound
in two or more words in a line.
To the lay-person, these are ...
Repetition
• Using the same key word or phrase
throughout a poem.

This should be fairly
self-explanatory,
but . . .
at ri...
Figurative Language
Figurative Language
Figurative Language is the
use of words outside of their
literal or usual meaning to
add beauty or for...
Figurative Language
Simile:

A direct, explicit comparison of one
thing to another in which the
words like or as are used....
Figurative Language
Personification:

The strategy of giving
animate qualities to abstract
concepts, or inanimate
things.
...
Figurative Language
Onomatopoeia:

The attempt to echo or
imitate sounds with words.

Example:
Bow-wow, oink-oink, tic-tac...
Figurative Language
Hyperbole:

An exaggeration

Example:
I have been waiting for a million years.
Quote of the Day
Credit to:
•
•
•
•
•

ra744195
Brent Bloffwitch
Clairmcknnon
Neil Richard Lopez
Lois Hayna
Introduction to poetry
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Introduction to poetry

  1. 1. Introduction to Poetry TO BE REPORTED BY: Mr L Mosimango
  2. 2. Definition • A collection of words that express an emotion or idea. • Poems are literary attempts to share personal experiences and feelings. • Good poems show images which leave the reader the sense of delight, awe and wonder.
  3. 3. Definition of Poetry • Poetry - A type of writing that uses language to express imaginative and emotional qualities instead of or in addition to meaning. • Poetry may be written as individual poems or included in other written forms as in dramatic poetry, hymns, or song lyrics.
  4. 4. Which half do you use when studying poetry? • • • • Poetry requires creativity Poetry requires emotion Poetry requires an artistic quality Poetry requires logic.
  5. 5. Purpose of Poetry • To express ideas, feelings and emotions.
  6. 6. Key Elements of Poetry • • • • • Form Speaker Sound Imagery Figurative Language
  7. 7. Types of Poetry Free Verse: Poetry that doesn’t follow any specific patterns in rhythm, rhyme scheme, or line length; free verse may contain rhymes, but they are not used in a prescribed manner
  8. 8. Types of Poetry Haiku A three-line Japanese poetic form in the lines follow the pattern of five syllables in the first line, seven syllables in the second line, and five syllables in the third line. Kochira muke Ware mo sabishiki Aki no kure Will you turn toward me? I am lonely too, This autumn evening.
  9. 9. Types of Poetry
  10. 10. Types of Poetry Narrative Poem: A poem that tells the sequence of events of a story; “The Song of Wandering Aengus” is a narrative poem
  11. 11. Types of Poetry Sonnet: A very structured fourteen-line poem that follows a specific rhyme structure and rhythm. The two most common sonnets are the Italian sonnet and the English sonnet. William Shakespeare wrote many English sonnets, which are also referred to as hakespearean sonnets.
  12. 12. Rhyme One of the most beautiful elements found in poetry is rhyme. Rhyme is the matching of sounds that are similar. Say, Pay, Tray, Spray, Day, May Blue, True, zoo, do, too
  13. 13. Rhyme When working with rhyme, you should always remember that the most important part of verse is the last word. • The last word of each verse is what establishes they rhyme. Twinkle, twinkle little star! How I wonder what you are Up above the world so high. Like a diamond in the sky. A A B B Rhyme Scheme
  14. 14. Rhythm • It is a movement with uniform recurrence of a beat or accent." In its crudest form rhythm has a beat with little or no meaning.
  15. 15. Alliteration • The repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line. To the lay-person, these are called “tongue-twisters”. • Example: How much dew would a dewdrop drop if a dewdrop did drop dew?
  16. 16. Repetition • Using the same key word or phrase throughout a poem. This should be fairly self-explanatory, but . . . at risk of sounding like a broken record . . .
  17. 17. Figurative Language
  18. 18. Figurative Language Figurative Language is the use of words outside of their literal or usual meaning to add beauty or force. It is characterized by the use of similes and metaphors.
  19. 19. Figurative Language Simile: A direct, explicit comparison of one thing to another in which the words like or as are used. Example: She looks like an angel. Her lips are as sweet as honey.
  20. 20. Figurative Language Personification: The strategy of giving animate qualities to abstract concepts, or inanimate things. Example: This handless clock stares blindly from its tower.
  21. 21. Figurative Language Onomatopoeia: The attempt to echo or imitate sounds with words. Example: Bow-wow, oink-oink, tic-tac, howling
  22. 22. Figurative Language Hyperbole: An exaggeration Example: I have been waiting for a million years.
  23. 23. Quote of the Day
  24. 24. Credit to: • • • • • ra744195 Brent Bloffwitch Clairmcknnon Neil Richard Lopez Lois Hayna
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