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“Every reader his book, every book its reader”:
print and e-books at Manchester

Simon Bains, Head of Research Services & ...
Monograph spend 2009-13

•
•
•
•

Spend on print monographs has fallen by 37%
Spend on individual eBooks has increased by ...
Monograph spend 2009-13
Monograph Spend by Category of Purchase - 2009-10 to 2012-13

Print Monographs
eBooks - Individual...
Ratio Average Cost of eBook vs Print Book
3.50

Ratio of cost of average eBook vs Average Print Book

3.00

2.50

2.00

1....
Average Cost of Individual eBook Purchase
Purchase vs Subscription
• Subscription model
– Larger number of titles
– Lower cost

• But
– Includes titles that may not...
For perpetual access to titles published in 2013
Subject
Philosophy
Political
Science
Public
Health

Cost

No. of Titles C...
Print book loans
Sample: 720,000
Site: Main Library
Not borrowed in 10 years: 191,000

Not borrowed
27%
Borrowed
73%
Ebook usage
MyILibrary

Dawson
140

250
120

200

100
80

150

60

100

40

50

20

0

0
2012

2013

112% rise

2012

2013...
Textbooks, ebooks, and the
student experience
•
•
•
•

Availability of textbooks and NSS
eTextbooks can cost up to 50x cos...
Are we in danger of repeating the past?

• It's ludicrous how much it costs to
publish research — let alone what we
pay.
•...
New models?
• Support OA monograph publishing
– Knowledge Unlatched etc.

• Reduce spend on research ebooks
• Invest in fu...
• Hosted Open Access ejournal publishing service
• University of Manchester Library & Manchester
University Press
• To enc...
Roles for the University Library
• Library as publisher, not Library as purchaser?
• Publishing your research
• Curating a...
Where next?
•
•
•
•

Test emerging business models
Further Library/Press collaboration
Consider supporting OA pioneers
Dev...
Thank you.
Open Access: The Book Challenge
Open Access: The Book Challenge
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Open Access: The Book Challenge

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Transcript of "Open Access: The Book Challenge"

  1. 1. “Every reader his book, every book its reader”: print and e-books at Manchester Simon Bains, Head of Research Services & Deputy Librarian
  2. 2. Monograph spend 2009-13 • • • • Spend on print monographs has fallen by 37% Spend on individual eBooks has increased by 148% Spend on eBook subscriptions has increased by 39% 'On demand' spend increasing year-on-year
  3. 3. Monograph spend 2009-13 Monograph Spend by Category of Purchase - 2009-10 to 2012-13 Print Monographs eBooks - Individual eBook Packages Subscriptions eBook Packages - Perpetual EBS PDA 2009/10 £1,124,507.98 £67,539.15 2010/11 £982,515.41 £145,707.82 2011/12 £805,636.65 £168,007.48 2012/13 £704,604.94 £162,944.90 £128,586.02 £457,258.29 £160,960.22 £267,071.56 £25,229.24 £169,949.65 £181,834.42 £24,589.24 £178,541.00 £406,363.38 £30,000.00 £72,792.14
  4. 4. Ratio Average Cost of eBook vs Print Book 3.50 Ratio of cost of average eBook vs Average Print Book 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13
  5. 5. Average Cost of Individual eBook Purchase
  6. 6. Purchase vs Subscription • Subscription model – Larger number of titles – Lower cost • But – Includes titles that may not be required – Moving towards the journal ‘big deal’ model
  7. 7. For perpetual access to titles published in 2013 Subject Philosophy Political Science Public Health Cost No. of Titles Cost per title For one year's access to all titles published since 2003 Cost per title Cost No of Titles (1 year's access) £24,000.00 160 £150 £3,933.60 1426 £2.76 £16,800.00 112 £150 £3,867.60 801 £4.83 £1,500.00 10 £150 £2,133.60 156 £13.68
  8. 8. Print book loans Sample: 720,000 Site: Main Library Not borrowed in 10 years: 191,000 Not borrowed 27% Borrowed 73%
  9. 9. Ebook usage MyILibrary Dawson 140 250 120 200 100 80 150 60 100 40 50 20 0 0 2012 2013 112% rise 2012 2013 23% rise
  10. 10. Textbooks, ebooks, and the student experience • • • • Availability of textbooks and NSS eTextbooks can cost up to 50x cost of print And we have to maintain print purchases eTextbook purchase and licensing models are numerous, complicated and expensive • Students requires easy access and high functionality
  11. 11. Are we in danger of repeating the past? • It's ludicrous how much it costs to publish research — let alone what we pay. • The scientific community carries out peer review for free, yet subscriptionjournal publishers charge billions of dollars per year for the final product • It's a ridiculous transaction Michael Eisen, cofounder of the Public Library of Science (PLOS), interviewed in Nature, March 2013
  12. 12. New models? • Support OA monograph publishing – Knowledge Unlatched etc. • Reduce spend on research ebooks • Invest in functional eTextbooks • Reduce barriers and costs – Digital Rights Management; licence limitations; unnecessary purchases
  13. 13. • Hosted Open Access ejournal publishing service • University of Manchester Library & Manchester University Press • To encourage OA publishing and offer alternative routes • To provide affordable (and free) publishing models • To raise awareness and promote new models • Can be applied to monograph publishing
  14. 14. Roles for the University Library • Library as publisher, not Library as purchaser? • Publishing your research • Curating and preserving your research – outputs and data • Widening access • Increasing impact • Measuring use and impact
  15. 15. Where next? • • • • Test emerging business models Further Library/Press collaboration Consider supporting OA pioneers Develop strategies for research monographs and textbooks • Engage nationally and internationally (Hefce, LIBER, RLUK, SCONUL)
  16. 16. Thank you.

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