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# Definite and indefinite articles page 6 7

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### Definite and indefinite articles page 6 7

1. 1. WHAT IS THIS?WHAT ARE THESE?
2. 2. IT IS A DOG
3. 3. THEY ARE CATS
4. 4. IT IS AN UMBRELLA
5. 5. THEY ARE APPLES
6. 6. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE SENTENCES? WHEN DO YOU USE A / AN? A B1. It is a dog 1. They are cats2. It is an umbrella 2. They are applesTHE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE YOU USE A / AN WHEN THESENTENCES IS THE FOLLOWING: SENTENCES ARE IN SINGULAR.IN GROUP “A” THERE ARE SINGULAR YOU USE THE ARTICLE A WHEN THESENTENCES AND IN GROUP “B” THERE WORDS START WITH A CONSONTANTARE PLURAL SENTENCES AND YOU USE THE ARTICLE AN WHEN THE WORDS START WITH A VOWEL.
7. 7. OTHER GRAMMATICAL RULES:1. WE USE A/AN TO REFER SOMEONE 4. YOU USE AN WHEN THE WORDSOR SOMETHING THAT IS MENTIONED START WITH THE CONSONANT “ H”FOR THE FIRST TIME. BECAUSE IT IS NOT PRONOUNCED.2. WE ALWAYS USE A/AN BEFORETHE NAMES OF PROFFESSIONS. EXAMPLE: I NEED JUST AN HOUR MORE.EXAMPLE:MARIO IS A TEACHER 5. YOU USE A WHEN THE WORDSDAVID IS AN ACTOR START WITH A VOWEL BUT IT IS PRONOUNCED AS A CONSONTANT.NEVER: DAVID IS ACTOR EXAMPLE:3. WHEN THE SENTENCES ARE IN A UNIVERSITY (YOU PRONOUNCE ITPLURAL YOU NEVER USE A / AN. LIKE THIS: /A/ /YUNIVERSITY/ )YOU CAN USE SOME. A HORSE (YOU PRONOUNCE IT LIKE THIS: / A / /JORS/EXAMPLE:I HAVE SOME ENGLISH BOOKS
8. 8. EXERCISES1. WRITE A OR AN. An1. _____old book An 6. _____ umbrella A An 7. _____organisation2. _____Window A3. _____horse A 8. _____university An4. _____airport An 9. _____hour5. _____new airport A An 10. _____economic problem
9. 9. DEFINITE ARTICLE: THE WHEN DO WE USE THE ARTICLE “THE”?WE USE “THE” WHEN WE REFER TO WHEN WE USE THE PHRASE “THESOMEONE OR SOMETHING IN SAME” :PARTICULAR.EXAMPLE: EXAMPLE:-WHAT IS THE NAME OF THIS STREET?(THIS STREET HAS ONLY ONE NAME) - WE LIVE IN THE SAME STREET.- WHO IS THE BEST PLAYER IN YOUR - ARE THESE TWO BOOKS DIFFERENT?TEAM? ..NO, THEY ARE THE SAME- CAN YOU TELL ME THE TIME PLEASE?( THE TIME NOW) WE SAY:- MY OFFICE IS ON THE FIRST FLOOR. (THEFIRST FLOOR OF THE BUILDING) THE SUN, THE MOON, THEDON’T FORGET: WORLD, THE SKY, THE SEA, THEDO YOU LIVE NEAR THE CITY CENTRE? COUNTRY , THE POLICE OF PERU, THEEXCUSE ME, WHERE IS THE NEAREST FIRE BRIDGE OF A COUNTRY, THEBANK? ARMY OF A COUNTRY(THEY ARE SPECIFIC THINGS).
10. 10. WE USE THE WITH THE WE DON’T USE “THE” WITH:FOLLOWING PHRASES: - BREAKFAST- THE TOP - LUNCH- THE END - DINNER- THE MIDDLE - NEXT- THE LEFT - LAST, NEXT WEEK/ MONTH/ YEAR/- THE RIGHT SUMMER/ MONDAYWE USE THE WITH THEMUSICAL INSTRUMENTS:- THE PIANO- THE GUITAR- THE TRUMPETAND WITH “THE RADIO”
11. 11. EXERCISES1. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE ARTICLE “THE” ONLY IT’SNECESSARY. THE1. WHAT IS _____ NAME OF THE STREET. -2. WE HAD _____ DINNER AT THE RESTAURANT LAST NIGHT. THE3. MY HOUSE IS AT _____ THE MIDDLE OF THE STREET. THE4. TOKIO IS _____ CAPITAL OF JAPAN. -5. WHAT DID YOU HAVE FOR _____ LUNCH? A SALAD. THE6. WE LIVE IN _____ SAME STREET. -7. _____BREAKFAST IS READY! -8. HE IS WATCHING _____ TELEVISION. THE9. THEY ARE LISTENING TO _____ RADIO. THE10. PAULA IS LEARNING TO PLAY _____ PIANO.
12. 12. WRITE 5 SENTENCES IN YOURNOTEBOOK BY USING THE ARTICLES “THE”, “A/AN”