2. SACRAMENT OF INITIATION 1. What are the sacraments of Initiation? The sacraments of Initiation are BAPTISM, CONFIRMATION and Eucharist. These sacraments, by drawing us toward full stature in Christ, empower us to carry out our mission as Christians in both the church and the world. 2. What are the effects of the sacraments of Initiation? 2.1. Freedom from the power of darkness 2.2. Receive the Holy Spirit, who 2.2.1. makes us adopted sons and daughters of the Father 2.2.2. incorporates us into the Church, the People of God. 2.2.3. with whom we celebrate the Eucharistic memorial of Christ Paschal Mystery
3. 3. Do the sacraments parallel our natural human growth? Yes, Catholic tradition has compared the stages of human natural development with those of Christian spiritual life. Thus it relates; a. physical generation with Baptism, our spiritual regeneration; b. growing into maturity with Confirmation: c. physical nourishment with the Eucharist, the Bread of Life; d. physical & psychological healing with Reconciliation & Anointing; e. community realities of family life and leadership with Matrimony and Holy Orders.4. What is the value of such a comparison? Comparing the similarities between our natural growth process with the sacraments help us appreciate how intricsic our Christian spiritual growth is to our full human “self-becoming”. But the comparison also bring out the uniqueness of the sacrament as encounter with the risen Christ, our Lord and Savior, through whom we share God’s own life of love as members of his Body, the Church.
4. 5. What is the sacrament of baptism? Baptism is the sacrament of which:a. brings as new life in Chirst and forgiveness of sins through waterand the Spirit.b. Incorporating us into the Church, andc. By sharing in the Trinitarian divine life as adopted sons anddaughters of the Father, in a progressive way that looks ever to thefuture.6. How does baptism bring us new life?Baptism unites us to the risen Christ:a. Through the biblical symbol of water and the Holy Spirit, andb. By making us share in Christ’s baptism of his Paschal Mystery.Both themes are presented in the Readings of the Easter Vigil’s Liturgy.(They start with the genesis account of creation, prefiguring our new creation in Christ. Abraham’s readiness to sacrifice his only son, prepare us for the sacrifice of Christ, God’s only son. The exodus deliverance of Chosen People form Egypt, the land of slavery, through the Red Sea, sysmbolizes our own deliverance from the slavery of sin through the waters of Baptism. Finally, Baptism itself is presented as a dying-rising with Christ in his Paschal
5. 7. How does baptism takes away original sin, andevery personal sin in adults?Baptism’s sensible sign of washing with water symbolizes andeffects a cleansing from all sin and rebirth to new life by theSpirit. To be in a state of sin means that God’s Holy Spirit is notdwelling within us. Therefore, the coming of Holy Spiritremoves sin. It is the spirit that frees us from sin.8. Since some effect of original sin remain, how canbaptize be said to “remove” original sin? Baptism “removes” sin by symbolizing and effecting oursaving solidarity with Christ, within the Spirit-filled communityof his body, the Church. We are thus strengthen in the life long struggle against sinthrough the loving embrace of the Spirit, jopoining us to theRisen Christ, our savior, and the one another, as member of hisBody the Church.
6. 9. How does baptism incorporate us into the church? Baptism unite us in Christ with the other members ofChrist’s Body, the Church. “for in one Sprit we were all baptizedinto one body… all given to drink the one Spirit” (1 Cor 12: 13). It is our with the Baptized One, the Risen Christ, that makeus “Church”. As members of Christ’s Body, we share in hismission serving as Prophet, Priest, King.10. Why is Baptism called the “sacrament of faith”? Baptism is rightly called the sacrament of faith because inasking to be baptized we are asking Go’s church for the gift ofFaith. Only within the community of believers, Christ’sBody, and enlightened by the grace of the Holy Sprit, can werespond fully to the Gospel of Christ.
7. 11. How does the rite of christian initiation of adults(RCIA) shed new light of baptism? The RCIA shows that the fruitful reception of baptismdemands proper disposition of soul. Far from being merelypassively received, baptism is really a prayer-event thatinvolves a radical conversion of heart, whose lasting effectivitydepends on the continuing cooperation of the baptized withgrace. 12. How does baptism effect a “sharing in the divine life”? Baptism effects a sharing in divine life through the coming of the holy spirit, through their holy spirit. Through their holy spirit, spirit of the father and the risen Christ are present in the baptized. Hence they share in trinitarian life of live, exercise through the virtues of faith, hope and charity.
8. 13. Is baptism necessary for salvation? Christ, the unique Mediator and Way of salvation, affirmedthe necessity of faith and baptism, but since God will’s ‘all tobe saved’ (1Tim. 2:4), the grace needed for salvation is offeredto all. “For since Christ died for all, in a manner known only toonly to God, the possibility of being made partners in Christ’sPaschal Mystery” (GS 22)14. What is the meant by the baptismal seal orcharacter? 3 Sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Orders)imprint a permanent spiritual seal or “character” on thesoul, making a specific relationship to Christ and the Church.
9. 15. Why do we baptized infant? Infants are baptized in “the faith of the church or concretely inthe faith of the parents. Infant baptism highlight the truths thatbaptism is: a) a free gift of God, not something merited by us; b) the beginning of our faith life; c) a gift given through the parents Christian faith-life.16. What is the sacrament of confirmation? Confirmation is the sacrament in which, through the power ofHoly Spirit, a baptized person is drawn in to closer union with theChurch and endowed with strength to actively spread the Gospel.17. What is the origin of the sacrament of the confirmation? Confirmation was originally part of the expanded rite of Baptism.But as the Church grew in size, the gift of the sprit by the “laying onof hands,” which in a way perpetuates the grace of Pentecost in theChurch, was formed into a separate sacrament.
10. 18. How is the sacrament of confirmation conferred? Confirmation is conferred by laying on of hands over the headof the candidates, the anointing of the forehead with holyChrism, and the prayer; “Be sealed with the gifts of the Holy Spirit."19. What are the effect of sacrament of confirmation? Confirmation strengthens and confirm the grace ofBaptism, strengthening and confirming the mission to give publicwitness to Christ and the Church. The “witness” flows frompermanent “character” imprinted by the sacrament on thoseconfirmed. is the proper age conferring Confirmation?20. What Within ongoing discussion regarding the best time forconferring the sacrament, there are good reasons for confirmingaround the age of discretion or later, which is the more commonChurch policy in the Philippines. More important than the exactage at which to confirm is the careful preparation needed, forboth the candidates and their parents and sponsors.
11. 21. How is confirmation related to Christ and the Church? As Primordial Sacrament, Christ himself is the confirmed one inthe Holy Spirit, as shown throughout his earthly life, especially in hisPaschal Mystery. But this Spirit of Lord Jesus is met in his Body, the Church, theconfirmed church, inaugurated at Pentecost. 22. How are godparents/sponsors for baptism and confirmation to be chosen? In the Philippines, social relation between families often play a dominant role in the choice of godparents and sponsors. While natural in a predominantly catholic country, its “secularizing” tendency must be balance by an equal insistence on proper faith norms for godparents and sponsors.
12. Faith norms indicate sponsors should be:1. Sufficient mature persons, at least 16 years old2. Good living Catholics who have been confirmed3. Capable and sincerely intending to help the newly confirmed to faithfully live out the duties of the Christian Life.
13. MAKING MORALDECISION(Chapter 6)
14. Decision making can be regarded as the mental processes (cognitive process)resulting in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.Every decision making process produces a final choice. The output can be an action oran opinion of choice. (Wikipedia)