LeNS, the Learning Network on Sustainability: Asian-European multi-polar network for curricula development on Design for S...
Why should a designer care about sustainbaility?...  Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
Source: Global Footprint Network (2007)  www.footprintnetwork.org Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
The mass production and consumption of goods requires the continual extraction of natural resources that has exceeded the ...
Americans and Australians consume about 10 tonnes per person each year of raw materials. US raw material consumption - 190...
“ lock in” of environmental impact 70 - 80%  of the total products environmental impacts are determined and ‘locked-in’ in...
2. Close the Loop  Society traditionally works on a liner system with raw materials entering the cycle and wastes exiting ...
Progressive Production System  Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
Designers have to power to influence how a product will be produced, used and disposed off Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, ...
Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
But, things are not always as simple as they appear to be.... Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
Which is more sustainable?  Plastic  Wood BioStarch  Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
3. Environmental folklore  Folklore – the unwritten lore that guides us all We make decisions (personally and professional...
What is the most environmentally damaging thing about a fridge?  Is it... The way it is made? The energy it uses during it...
Based on typical household expenditure data from Australia Bureau of Statistics Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne A...
How can we integrate eco-design into core design practice and reduce the impacts of our products? Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innov...
<ul><li>Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A methodology for assessing the whole-of-life implications of a ...
By understanding the environmental impacts across the life of a product, system or service, we can make decisions at the d...
Leyla Acaroglu 1. Know the Life Cycle Stages  Resource Extraction  Manufacture Packaging & Transportation Use End of Life
<ul><li>Everything comes from nature at some stage  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining (minerals, metals, oil, gas, coal etc)  <...
Manufacturing  <ul><li>Manufacturing products as well as </li></ul><ul><li>Processing raw materials into useable products ...
Packaging and Transportation <ul><li>Packaging at every stage along a products life  </li></ul><ul><li>Transport happens a...
Use <ul><li>Energy use during life  </li></ul><ul><li>Consumerables  </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning, upgrading  </li></ul><ul>...
End of Life <ul><li>Landfill, litter or recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling still requires energy for re-manufacturing a...
Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
Life Cycle Thinking in Design  <ul><li>Always ask questions  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What materials and processes have reduc...
Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
<ul><li>Always question the need, functionality and service offered by the product  </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the envir...
Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia  Thank you for your time OPEkN  www.opekn.org [email_address] Eco Innov...
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Life Cycle Based Eco-Design as Core Design Practice

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Transcript of "Life Cycle Based Eco-Design as Core Design Practice"

  1. 1. LeNS, the Learning Network on Sustainability: Asian-European multi-polar network for curricula development on Design for Sustainability focused on product service system innovation. Funded by the Asia-Link Programme, EuroAid, European Commission. course: System design for sustainability learning resource: Life Cycle Based Eco-Design as Core Design Practice contributors: Leyla Acaroglu Organisation for the Promotion of Environmnetal Knowedge (OPEkN) Director, Eco Innovators Melbourne, Australia Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  2. 2. Why should a designer care about sustainbaility?... Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  3. 3. Source: Global Footprint Network (2007) www.footprintnetwork.org Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  4. 4. The mass production and consumption of goods requires the continual extraction of natural resources that has exceeded the earths carrying capacity Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  5. 5. Americans and Australians consume about 10 tonnes per person each year of raw materials. US raw material consumption - 1900-1995 (Matos & Wagner) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  6. 6. “ lock in” of environmental impact 70 - 80% of the total products environmental impacts are determined and ‘locked-in’ in the design phase by the decisions made by the designer (USA EPA) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia Freedom to effect gross impacts of product
  7. 7. 2. Close the Loop Society traditionally works on a liner system with raw materials entering the cycle and wastes exiting Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  8. 8. Progressive Production System Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  9. 9. Designers have to power to influence how a product will be produced, used and disposed off Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  10. 10. Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  11. 11. But, things are not always as simple as they appear to be.... Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  12. 12. Which is more sustainable? Plastic Wood BioStarch Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  13. 13. 3. Environmental folklore Folklore – the unwritten lore that guides us all We make decisions (personally and professionally) based on assumptions and our folklore But how do we know what is actually better or best? Life Cycle Assessments have shown us that some of our assumptions are not always right (paper good – plastic bad) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  14. 14. What is the most environmentally damaging thing about a fridge? Is it... The way it is made? The energy it uses during its lifetime? The chemicals used during manufacture? The food it contains? What happens to it when it is thrown away? Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  15. 15. Based on typical household expenditure data from Australia Bureau of Statistics Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  16. 16. How can we integrate eco-design into core design practice and reduce the impacts of our products? Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  17. 17. <ul><li>Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A methodology for assessing the whole-of-life implications of a product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is life cycle assessment? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ a technique for assessing the environmental aspects and potential impacts associated with a product” ISO 14040 </li></ul></ul></ul>A Life Cycle Approach Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  18. 18. By understanding the environmental impacts across the life of a product, system or service, we can make decisions at the design stage that reduce these impacts across the entire life of the product. Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  19. 19. Leyla Acaroglu 1. Know the Life Cycle Stages Resource Extraction Manufacture Packaging & Transportation Use End of Life
  20. 20. <ul><li>Everything comes from nature at some stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining (minerals, metals, oil, gas, coal etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farming foods (livestock, crops require nutrients, water etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvesting natural products (trees, seafood, coral, seaweed ect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy used to extract resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution caused </li></ul></ul>Resource Extraction Min in Newman, Western Australia 2007 (source: Edward Burtynsky) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  21. 21. Manufacturing <ul><li>Manufacturing products as well as </li></ul><ul><li>Processing raw materials into useable products such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ore into steel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil into petrol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trees into paper </li></ul></ul>Phone manufacturing in China 2005 (source: Edward Burtynsky) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  22. 22. Packaging and Transportation <ul><li>Packaging at every stage along a products life </li></ul><ul><li>Transport happens at ever life cycle stage </li></ul><ul><li>Different methods have different levels of impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For long distances cargo ships are better the air transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trains work of electricity (coal to be burnt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trucks, cars, vans etc all very energy intensive </li></ul></ul>Cargo ship (source: http://www.sellwholesale.com/) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  23. 23. Use <ul><li>Energy use during life </li></ul><ul><li>Consumerables </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning, upgrading </li></ul><ul><li>Stand by time </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance services </li></ul><ul><li>Services/infrastructure required to use (mobile phones, Tvs etc) </li></ul>Power socket (source: www.tuxgraphics.org) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  24. 24. End of Life <ul><li>Landfill, litter or recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling still requires energy for re-manufacturing and collection of goods </li></ul><ul><li>Preference re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic gets a bad rap, but can be recycled over and over again, paper can only be recycled a max of 5 times </li></ul><ul><li>Biodegradable products do not degrade in landfill – they must go in a compost </li></ul>Plastic toy waste in China 2004 (source: Edward Burtynsky) Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  25. 25. Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  26. 26. Life Cycle Thinking in Design <ul><li>Always ask questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What materials and processes have reduced negative environmental impacts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we promote value, functionality and longevity in the product? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we reduce materials, packaging etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Map the life cycle impacts of your product or main material selections at the start of the design process. </li></ul>Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  27. 27. Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  28. 28. <ul><li>Always question the need, functionality and service offered by the product </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the environmental impacts across the life of the product you are designing </li></ul><ul><li>Seek to minimise impacts across the products entire life </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful of being guided by environmental folklore </li></ul><ul><li>Design longevity into your products </li></ul><ul><li>Close the production loop to reduce waste </li></ul><ul><li>Design value into your products </li></ul>Concluding Points Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia
  29. 29. Leyla Acaroglu Eco Innovators, Melbourne Australia Thank you for your time OPEkN www.opekn.org [email_address] Eco Innovators www.ecoinnovators.com.au [email_address]

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