K1 Sufficiency Economy Moi Kmitl 20 May09

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  • 1 Excerpt partly from the conference statement of the 10th UNCTAD in February 2000, in Bangkok. <number>
  • The Projects include fields such as agriculture, forestry, and small-scale industries, rice fields, vegetable beds, groves, livestock enclosures, fish ponds, rice-mills and dairy factories, which add value to agricultural products for the domestic market in order to reduce imports.<number>
  • 1 Excerpt partly from the conference statement of the 10th UNCTAD in February 2000, in Bangkok. <number>
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  • One project leads to other related projects.By-products from one project can be utilized in other project.Manure obtained from the cows in transformed into cooking gas which is in turn used in the production of milk as well as for fertilizer. The plant is involved in methods of milk preservation; this of course includes the manufacture of the SUAN DUSIT powdered milk. The Rice-Husk Grainding plant was set up in 1975 to study the utilization of rice husk obtained as by-product from the Chitralada rice mill.a Husk Grinding Facility was thus established to mix ground husks with lime and other types of chemicals for use as fertilizers. Besides producing organic fertilizer for soil improvement, fuel briquettes are produced by grinding and compressing rice-husk in hot iron tube compressed into logs for use in the place of charcoal and wood which can help minimize deforestation. 11
  • 1 Excerpt partly from the conference statement of the 10th UNCTAD in February 2000, in Bangkok. <number>
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  • His Majesty’s philosophy of “Sufficiency Economy” lies at the heart of Thailand’s development thinking, and indeed it can serve as guidance for the country’s economic and social developments.1 1 Excerpt partly from the conference statement of the 10th UNCTAD in February 2000, in Bangkok. <number>
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  • The Buddha incorporated the theories of rebirth and of liberation into his teachings. But the Buddha denied the Brahmana’s imaginative theistic theory, and set his own foundations upon an intelligent analysis of reality. He made a thorough change in both theory and practice from the old religions. Although the cycle of life and death, and the attainment of liberation in Nirvana were theories that were accepted by Indian society at that time, the problems lay in the questions of why was there rebirth and how could one be liberated. The Buddha gave wise answers to these questions. This was the teaching of the \"Middle Path\". The \"Middle Path\" distinguished the Buddha’s Teachings from other religions.\"Middle Path\" may be misunderstood as equivocal. In fact Buddhism is not as such. \"Middle\" means neutral, upright, and centered. It means to investigate and penetrate the core of life and all things with an upright, unbiased attitude. In order to solve a problem, we should position ourselves on neutral, upright and unbiased ground. We investigate the problem from various angles, analyze the findings, understand the truth thoroughly, and find a reasonable conclusion.The Middle Path in Buddhism does not mean having a biased view or superficial understanding only. The \"Middle Path\" represents a distinct theory and way of Buddhist practice that is not common to other religions. Buddhism is a religion with high moral values. It lays great emphasis on human thought and action in dealing with the natural environment, society or individual problems. It is concerned with the relationship between thoughts and behavior, and the relationship between behavior and its consequences.<number>
  • Unofficial translation of the Thai working definition approved by His Majesty and sent by His Majesty’s Principal Private Secretary to the NESDB on November 29, 1999. <number>
  • Sufficiency Economy is a philosophy serves as guide for the way of living/ behaving for people of all levels toward the middle path.It promotes a middle path, especially in developing the economy to keep up with the world in the era of globalization. Sufficiency Economy consists of 3 principles: reasonableness, moderation and self-immunity and 2 necessary conditions:knowledge and moralityActions based on Sufficiency Economy focus on moderation and gradual development. <number>
  • N. Thongpakde, “Thailand’s Economic Development and the Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy,” Unpublished.Fig. The three rings represent the three principles, which aremoderation, reasonableness and self-immunity. Theknowledge and morality content are two necessary conditionsto achieve the three main principles. The knowledge conditionrequires thorough study of all available information andexperience in order to make prudent decisions. The moralitycondition stresses integrity, trustworthiness, honesty and thehard-work of individuals. By practicing Sufficiency Economy,people would live in harmony and with security in asustainable society and environment; and they would be ableto tolerate and cope with all kinds of malign impacts ofglobalization.20
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  • Unofficial translation of the Thai working definition approved by His Majesty and sent by His Majesty’s Principal Private Secretary to the NESDB on November 29, 1999. 20
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  • The above proxy numbers with regard to the size area for each purpose are carefully calculated to support food sufficiency of the household. As long as the ratio is used, however, the size of land is immaterial. For example, with rice being the staple food for every Thai household, the New Theory estimates that, if each family carries out rice cultivation over an area of 5 rai (2 acre), they will be guaranteed with a whole year’s supply of rice for consumption, i.e. food security. This means that farmers will not have to buy rice at an unreasonably high price and being self-sufficient in terms of basic necessities 30
  • The above proxy numbers with regard to the size area for each purpose are carefully calculated to support food sufficiency of the household. As long as the ratio is used, however, the size of land is immaterial. For example, with rice being the staple food for every Thai household, the New Theory estimates that, if each family carries out rice cultivation over an area of 5 rai (2 acre), they will be guaranteed with a whole year’s supply of rice for consumption, i.e. food security. This means that farmers will not have to buy rice at an unreasonably high price and being self-sufficient in terms of basic necessities 30
  • The above proxy numbers with regard to the size area for each purpose are carefully calculated to support food sufficiency of the household. As long as the ratio is used, however, the size of land is immaterial. For example, with rice being the staple food for every Thai household, the New Theory estimates that, if each family carries out rice cultivation over an area of 5 rai (2 acre), they will be guaranteed with a whole year’s supply of rice for consumption, i.e. food security. This means that farmers will not have to buy rice at an unreasonably high price and being self-sufficient in terms of basic necessities 30
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  • 4 This is different from the agricultural development strategy in the past, which put more emphasis for specialization in mono-crop and to produce in response to market demand. As a result, farmers were put under a well-known cob-web situation of price-quantity adjustment. 36
  • Sufficiency economy must be considered as a means, not the end result by itself.Definitions differ from author to author, (and from discipline to author), but most agree that it refers to a concept much beyond product innovation. Therefore it is a matter of radical innovation, not only at the technological level, but also socio-cultural, organizational, infrastructural, hence involving innovative stakeholders’ relations/interactions. For some authors, system innovation means planning/design-and-implementation processes aimed at achieving particular outcomes. For other authors (i.e. transition management theorists), system innovation is a more process-oriented philosophy/model, to help dealing with complexity and uncertainty in a constructive way. 36
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  • K1 Sufficiency Economy Moi Kmitl 20 May09

    1. 1. course subject: Design for Sufficiency Economy open learning resource: K1. Origin of Sufficiency Economy contributors: Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang Faculty of Architecture / THAILAND Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    2. 2. Contents: 1. The origin of Sufficiency Economy 2. Aims and philosophy 3. Implementation of Sufficient Economy 4. Examples of sufficiency developments 5. Challenges Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    3. 3. Origin of Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP) a holistic concept of moderation in consumption and production Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    4. 4. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    5. 5. Our King’s desire: “to develop a higher quality of life for Thai people and the ability to be successful with regard to the preservation of natural resources.” Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    6. 6. “There was no other King in this world is planting and harvesting rice by himself, in his own home (Chitralada Villa)” …Learning by Doing… The year 1952 marked the beginning of Royal Chitralada Project, and Lead to various Royal Development Study Centres Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    7. 7. Since 1952, His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej has undertaken numerous agricultural projects on the ground of the Chitralada Villa. The projects were funded from the Privy Purse in order to study and experiment with all aspects of dairy farming. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    8. 8. Aims • to provide exemplary lessons for farmers • to encourage self-reliance / self help organization • areas includes agriculture, forestry, and small-scale industries, rice fields, vegetable beds, groves, livestock enclosures, fish ponds, rice-mills, dairy factories, plant research and bio-diesel. • to add value to agricultural products for the domestic market in order to reduce imports. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    9. 9. Projects on the ground of Chitralada Villa •The Chitralada Farm's Rice Cultivation Project • The Demonstration Rice Mill Project • Rice-Husk Grinding Plant •The Chitralada Dairy Plant Project • Dusit Powdered Milk Plant • Milk Collection Unit • Milk tablets • Cooking gas from the cows’ manure • Fish culture and fish farming • Chicken Farms on top of Fish farms • The Green House Laboratory • Production of Alcohol for Engine Fuel Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    10. 10. These individual projects have sensible relationship to other projects, within the ground of Chitralada Villa •The Chitralada Farm's Rice Cultivation Project (1952) • The Demonstration Rice Mill Project (1961) • Rice-Husk Grinding Plant (1975) •…………………………………………………………… • The Chitralada Dairy Plant Project (1962) • Dusit Powdered Milk Plant (1966) • Milk Collection Unit (& Milk tablets ) (1984) • Cooking gas from the cows’ manure …………………………………………………………… • Fish culture and fish farming (1952) • Chicken Farms on top of Fish farms …………………………………………………………… • The Green House Laboratory (preservation of endangered plant species + research in the treatment of poor soil conditions) • Production of Alcohol for Engine Fuel (1960) One project leads to other related projects. By-products from one project can be utilized in other project
    11. 11. Sustainable cycle at Chitralada Palace • ChickenFarm Manure Chicken Projects / plant By product Path of a project leading to another project By product that utilized in another project
    12. 12. “The King’s Experiment ground” turned “People’s Classroom” Chitralada Villa was treated as an “experiment ground” for the King’s projects that later turned into a huge “classroom” for his people. The people of Thailand could visit and learn from the projects. Evidently, a lot of farmers visited the Chitralada went back home and were able to adopt and either duplicate or adapt the knowledge into their own land / community. Nowadays, if you make a proper reservation well in advance, you too could go visit the Royal Chitralada Project and learn something from the project, just like the people in His Royal kingdom. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    13. 13. The Royal Initiative on “Sufficiency Economy” Once learned from Chitralada Villa, HM the King later bestowed on “Sufficiency Economy”… “…Development of the nation must be carried out in stages, starting with the laying of the foundation by ensuring the majority of the people have their basic necessities through the use of economical means and equipment in accordance with theoretical principles. Once a reasonably firm foundation has been laid and in effect, higher levels of economic growth and development should be promoted…” His Majesty the King’s royal speech given to the graduates of Kasetsart University On July 18, 1974 พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาภูมพลอดุลยเดช ิ Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Bhumibol Adulyadej Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    14. 14. His Majesty the King’s royal statement significantly raised consciousness of Thai people to be prudent, to realize steps of development which are academically correct, and to adhere to morals for every conduct of life. These all are known as “Sufficiency Economy.” Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    15. 15. Aims and Philosophy Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    16. 16. “Sufficiency Economy” philosophy, whose essence is inspired by Buddhism teaching, a middle path approach, with an emphasize on human development by putting people and their well-being at the centre of development Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    17. 17. “Sufficiency Economy” stresses the middle path as an overriding principle for appropriate conduct by the populace at all levels. This applies to conduct starting from the level of the families, communities, as well as the level of nation in development and administration so as to modernize in line with the forces of globalization. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    18. 18. “Sufficiency” means moderation, reasonableness, and the need of self- immunity mechanism for sufficient protection from impact arising from internal and external changes. To achieve this, an application of knowledge with due consideration and prudence is essential. In particular great care is needed in the utilization of theories and methodologies for planning and implementation in every step. At the same time, it is essential to strengthen the moral fibre of the nation, so that everyone, particularly public officials, academic, businessmen at all levels, adheres first and foremost to the principle of honesty and integrity. In addition, a way of life based on patience, perseverance, diligence, wisdom and prudence is indispensable to create balance and be able to cope appropriately with critical challenges arising from extensive and rapid socioeconomic, environmental, and cultural changes in the world.” * Unofficial translation of the Thai working definition approved by His Majesty and sent by His Majesty’s Principal Private Secretary to the NESDB on November 29, 1999. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    19. 19. Components of Sufficiency Economy 3 Components: • Reasonableness: is evaluate the reasons for any action and understand its full consequences • Moderation: enough - in the sense of not too little, and not too much / self-reliance and frugality • Self-immunity: be resilient, have an ability to withstand shocks and cope with external and internal changes 2 Conditions: • Knowledge: (wisdom) includes accumulating information with the insight to understand its meaning with care and prudence usage. • Morality: virtue, ethical behavior, honesty, tolerance, perseverance, unexploited of others * this page by Praoranuj Siridej KMITL / Faculty of Architecture / Thailand]
    20. 20. The Suficiency Economy : the middle path “Sufficiency ” entails 3 components: moderation, reasonableness, and requirement for a self- immunity system, i.e. able to cope with shocks from Reasonableness internal and external changes. •Two underlying conditions are necessary to achieve Self-immunity ‘Sufficiency:’’ knowledge and morality. For knowledge conditions, Sufficiency Economy requires breadth and thoroughness in planning, and carefulness in applying knowledge and in Application of knowledge implementation of those plans. (Knowledge, wisdom, prudence) For moral/ethical criteria, Sufficiency Economy enforces the conditions that people are to possess honesty and integrity, while conducting their lives with perseverance, harmlessness and generosity. Harmony Security Sustainability (in people’s life, economic and social condition and the environment in the context of globalization) As the promise of future, Sufficiency Economy ensures balance and readiness to Shield the people and the country from internal shocks cope with fast/extensive changes with Material impact Cultural impact Social impact Environment respect to materials, society, environment, al impact and culture. Shield the people and the country from external shocks As a paradigm shift, Sufficiency Economy arises against the backdrop of globalization driven integration of the Globalisation and its impact world and the pace of technological- cultural-social changes. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    21. 21. The Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy seeks to achieve balance & sustainability at all levels Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    22. 22. Implementation of SEP Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    23. 23. “Sufficiency Economy” stresses the middle path as an overriding principle for appropriate conduct by the populace at all levels. This applies to conduct starting from the level of the families, communities, as well as the level of nation in development and administration so as to modernize in line with the forces of globalization. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    24. 24. quot;…to be a tiger is not important..The important thing for us is to have a self supporting economy..A self-supporting economy means to have enough to survive...quot;
    25. 25. Example of SE Development Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    26. 26. Poverty in Thailand * FROM “SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THROUGH THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY PHILOSOPHY” By Chirayu Isarangkun and Kobsak Pootrakool Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    27. 27. As a practical example of applying the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy, His Majesty the King has developed systematic guidelines for proper management of land and water resources, based on His experiments with integrated agriculture over the years. This system of agriculture is commonly known in Thailand as New Theory Agriculture which is also regarded as a new sustainable agriculture towards self-reliance for the rural household. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    28. 28. The main purpose of the New Theory Agriculture is to make farmers more self-reliant through a holistic management of their land, while living harmoniously with nature and within society. The complete New Theory Agriculture has three stages: •sufficiency at the household level •sufficiency at the community level, and •sufficiency at the national level. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    29. 29. Network Community Progressive Sufficiency Economy Basic Sufficiency Economy Self-reliance Level of Sufficiency Economy Progressive Sufficiency Economy Source: www.sufficiencyeconomy.com Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    30. 30. Human’s 4 basic factors for living Living space Food Clothing Medicine Progressive Sufficiency Economy Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    31. 31. FROM “His Majesty’s Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy and the Royal Development Study Centres” by H.E. Mr. AmpolSenanarong Privy Councilor Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    32. 32. New Theory Agriculture The first stage of the New Theory aims to create self-reliance and self-sufficient at the household level; the so-called self-sustaining agricultural landscapes. Example: For a household with 4-5 members—an average household size in Thailand, it requires the average of 15 rai (2.4 hectares) area of land. The land shall be divided in to 4 parts with a proportion of 30/30/30/10. 6.The first 30% segment of the land, --approximately 0.48 hectares, is for rice cultivation 7.The next 30% is for field and garden crops. 8.The third 30% is to dig a pond of 4 meters deep, which will have a storage capacity of 19,000 cubic meters. 9.The remaining 10% or 0.32 ha are for housing and other activities. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    33. 33. FROM “His Majesty’s Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy and the Royal Development Study Centres” by H.E. Mr. AmpolSenanarong Privy Councilor Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    34. 34. New Theory Agriculture The second stage of the New Theory aims to create sufficiency at the community level; or cooperation among farmers FROM “His Majesty’s Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy and the Royal Development Study Centres” by H.E. Mr. AmpolSenanarong Privy Councilor Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    35. 35. New Theory Agriculture The third stage of the New Theory aims to create sufficiency at the national level; or cooperation among cooperatives and investors. FROM “His Majesty’s Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy and the Royal Development Study Centres” by H.E. Mr. AmpolSenanarong Privy Councilor Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    36. 36. Network Community Progressive Sufficiency Economy Basic Sufficiency Economy Self-reliance Level of Sufficiency Economy Progressive Sufficiency Economy Source: www.sufficiencyeconomy.com Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    37. 37. Dissemination of Sufficient Economy Practices Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    38. 38. Royal Development Study Centres
    39. 39. various Royal Development Study Centres Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    40. 40. The philosophy’s “middle path” approach strongly reinforces the advocacy of a people-centred and sustainable path towards human development. The success of sufficiency economy works conditionally to two qualities of people - knowledge and integrity. Yet sufficiency economy must be considered as a means, not the end result by itself. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    41. 41. It is dealing with ways of living or conducting business , not only at the technological level, but also socio-cultural, organizational, infrastructural, hence involving stakeholders’ relations/interactions/benefits. It also means planning/design-and-implementation processes aimed at sufficiency- not too less, not too achieving much
    42. 42. “…no matter what others say – whether they will accuse Thailand of being old fashioned or obscurantist. So long as we have enough to live on and to live for – and this should be the wish and determination of all of us – without aiming for the apex of prosperity, we shall already be considered as the top in comparison with other countries in the present world…” His Majesty the King’Speech given on the occasion of His Birthday Anniversary on December 4, 1974
    43. 43. Important Points: • Sufficiency Economy has been put forward for quite some times, and is not initiated as a result of the Asian Crisis (around 1997). • For application domain, Sufficiency Economy is scalable, with ‘universal domain applicability’: individual, household, community, project, business, management, institution, polity, society, nation state, region, humanity, and biosphere. • As the foundation for an economic framework, Sufficiency Economy is complete, governing everything from motivation (utility, drives, etc.), to criteria (goals, objectives, etc.), to behaviour (production, consumption, investment, etc.), to system (collectivity, connectivity, etc.), and can be said to, at least implicitly, address all issues within a dynamic setting. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    44. 44. Sufficiency Does ff means…. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    45. 45. Suffer ? That everyone would have to ff Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    46. 46. Affordable Not at all, we are only expected to act in a ff manners... Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    47. 47. moderation And keep in mind all the time in terms of in our actions... Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    48. 48. reasonable And make sure that whatever we act is… Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    49. 49. rSelf-immunity And ensure that we prepare ourselves and have sufficient for future shocks. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    50. 50. Balance And when we succeed in these approches, not only ourselves, BUT others too will have a & Sustainability future together. Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    51. 51. Do we have any “guidelines” to acquire Sufficiency ? Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    52. 52. Well, there is no “specific guideline” BUT if one can gain a deep understanding of the SEP, one could develop a sense of Sufficiency Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    53. 53. Gradually, it would become one’s Common sensefor the way one’s conducting life, (of Sufficiency) business or any actions (..and so on..) Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    54. 54. It is evidently positive that Sufficiency Economy Philosophy is ‘universal’ and can be applied to a lot of actions and activities. But very few example was shown in the area of DESIGN. It would be worthwhile to explore whether SEP would compliment designing thinkings and create outputs that can sufficiently satisfy people in a more sustainable ways… CHALLENGES: Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand
    55. 55. References: • information excerpted from the document published by National Economic and Social Development Board, Thailand • http://www.sufficiencyeconomy.org/en/ • http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/Vines/1701/kingm3.htm • http://www.soho-properties.com/otop.php • http://www.thairice.org/eng/king/Chitralada_Project.htm • www.sufficiencyeconomy.com
    56. 56. ANOTHER VERY GOOD IMPLEMENTATION OF SEP AT INTER-DEPENDENT LEVEL: www.chumphoncabanaresort.com www.chumphoncabanaresort.co.th Search for chum phon cabana resort & Diving Center Assistant Professor Sompit Moi Fusakul King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang / Faculty of Architecture/ Thailand

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