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5.1 system design for sustainable energy for all vezzoli 13_14

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  • 1. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . DESIGN dept. . DIS . School of Design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability (EU asia-link) Learning Network on Sustainabile energy systems (EU edulink) course System Design for Sustainability (SDS) learning resource 5.1 System design for sustainable energy for all
  • 2. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy . sustainable development is not possible without a sustainable energy for all . Distributed Renewable Energy (DRE): key leverage for a sustainable development . Sustainable Product-Service System (S.PSS): a promising model for Distributed Renewable Energy (DRE) . System Design for Sustainable energy for all: a new design role (to be defined) CONTENTS
  • 3. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 1. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IS NOT POSSIBLE WITHOUT SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL
  • 4. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy source: http://www.un.org/en/events/sustainableenergyforall/index.shtml
  • 5. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy energy is the world’s largest industrial sector whose output is an essential input to almost every good and service energy services have a profound effect on productivity, health, education, food and water security, and communication services access to energy can contribute to reduce inequality and poverty
  • 6. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IS NOT POSSIBLE WITHOUT SUSTAINABLE ENERGY” UNITED NATIONS: “2012 INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL” UNITED NATIONS: “Rio+20”, 2012 SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • 7. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy THE EXISTING ENERGY SYSTEM IN DEFINITELY UNSUSTAINABLE! SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REQUIRE A PARADIGM SHIFT IN ENERGY SECTOR
  • 8. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: KEY LEVERAGE FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • 9. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy … a paradigm shift alternative to traditional non- renewable and centralised (e.g. fossil fuels) system of energy generation and distribution non-renewable RESOURCES renewable centralized decentralised distributed DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: a promising model aiming at sustainable energy for all
  • 10. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION: CHARACTERISTICS . renewable resources: sun, wind, water, biomass, geothermal energy . small-scale generation plants . generation at/near the point of use . users is the producer: individuals, small businesses and/or communities . if connected with each other > Renewable Local Energy Network (connected with similar Network)
  • 11. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy “a small-scale generation plants sourced by renewable energy resources (such as sun, wind, water, biomass and geothermal energy), at or near the point of use, where the users is the producer, whether an individuals, a small businesses and/or a local community and if nearby generation plants connected with each other (to synergically share the energy surplus), they become Renewable Local Energy Network; eventually connected with nearby similar Networks.” [Vezzoli, Delfino, 2013] DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: DEFINITION
  • 12. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy FOSSIL FUELS (OIL, COKE, …) + CENTRALISED environmental un-sustainability: most of CO2 emissions > global warming + extraction pollution socio-ethic un-sustainability: extraction, production, distribution infrastructure, complex and CENTRALISED > reduction of diffused direct access to resources > low power to individual over their own destiny > widening of rich AND poor gap (inequality)
  • 13. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy RENEWABLE RESOURCES (SUN, WIND, …) + DISTRIBUTED environmental sustainability: non-exhaustable + low greenhouse gases + lower environmental impact for extraction, transformation, distribution socio-ethic sustainability: “distrib. renew. energy gen.” sun, wind, … acquisition: local + with simple processes > micro-plants installable/manageable by small economic entity > user-producer > energetic micro network building > global network of micro network> access, self- sufficiency, power (and interdependency) to individuals and local communities > resources democratisation > inequality reduction
  • 14. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy THE SHIFT FROM CENTRALISED AND NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES (I.E. FOSSIL FUELS) TO DISTRIBUTED AND RENEWABLE ONES’ (I.E. SUN, WIND, ETC.) … … IT IS A FUNDAMERNTAL PILLAR TO MATCH ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIO-ETHICAL AND ECONOMIC SUTAINABILITY
  • 15. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy UNITED NATIONS SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL (SE4ALL) aims at : . ensuring universal access to modern energy services . doubling the rate of improvement in energy efficiency . DOUBLING THE SHARE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE GLOBAL ENERGY MIX BY 2030
  • 16. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy “the creation of a renewable energy regime, loaded by buildings, partially stored in the form of hydrogen, distributed via an energy internet—a smart intergrid—and connected to plug in zero emission transport, opens the door to a Third Industrial Revolution.” [Rifkin, 2011] THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • 17. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 1. shifting to renewable energy (solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, ocean waves and biomass) 2. buildings as power plants 3. deploying hydrogen and other storage technologies in every building and throughout the infrastructure to store intermittent energies 4. using internet technology to transform the power grid of every continent into an energy sharing intergrid that acts just like the internet 5. transitioning the transport fleet to electric, plug in and fuel cell vehicles that can buy and sell electricity on a smart continental interactive power grid PILLARS OF THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION [Rifkin, 2011]
  • 18. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 3. SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEM (S.PSS): A PROMISING MODEL FOR DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY (DRE)
  • 19. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy … a paradigm shift from traditional individual consumption/ownership systems PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEMS (PSS): an offer/business models capable of creating (new) value decoupling it from the materials and energy consumption and reducing the environmental impact product SELLING “unit of satisfaction” individual ownership CUSTOMER VALUE access
  • 20. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy S.PSS FOR DRE IN LOW-INCOME CONTEXTS: AN EXAMPLE
  • 21. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SOLAR HOME KITS electricity + lamps > light it is environmentally sustainable because it uses the solar energy + it is socioethically sustainable because give to poor people access to useful services + it is economically sustainable because is a business for TSSFA company. TSSFA company offers to Brasilian rural people a solar home kits that include the hardware to generate solar energy + the installation service + products that use the electricity, e.g. lighting and electrical outlets. Customers sign a three-year service contract (all of the tangible inputs are owned by the provider).
  • 22. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy LeNSes WORKING HYPOTHESIS: COUPLING THE TWO PROMISING SUSTAINABLE PARADIGM SHIFTS… from centralized + non-renewable energy system to DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY > users = producer, microgeneration at/near the point of use, renewable resources, eventually connected with nearby microgenerator/s + from individual ownership/consumption to SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEMS > providers retains the ownership/responsibility of microgenerator (of renewable energy) and of the products that use the electricity; the customers pay per use/period reducing the (initial) cost of access to energy
  • 23. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy A RESEARCH WORKING HYPOTHESIS S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE: SUSTAINABLE OPPORTUNITIES IN LOW/MIDDLE INCOME (ALL) CONTEXTS: “A S.PSS approach may act as a business opportunity to facilitate the diffusion of DRE-based value production system (satisfaction system) in low and middle-income (all) contexts, reducing the (initial) cost of access to energy, resulting in a key leverage for a sustainable development process aiming at democratizing access to resources, goods and services.” [LeNSes proposal, EU edulink project, 2013-2016]
  • 24. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy . Product-Service System (PSS) design for Sustainability: an emerging role, the LeNS approaches . Sustainable Product-Service System (S.PSS): a promising model for Distributed Renewable Energy (DRE) 4. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (FOR ALL): A NEW DESIGN ROLE (TO BE DEFINED)
  • 25. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy LeNSes DESIGN WORKING HYPOTHESIS there is the need to DEVELOP AND DIFFUSE NEW COMPETENCES IN: System design for sustainable energy (for all): the design of the system of products and services for an on-site Distributed Renewable Energy (DRE) generation able to “power” the fulfillment of customer demand/s (“unit of satisfaction” powered by that energy) with accessible cost; an offer model based on an innovative interactions of the stakeholders (of the “satisfaction” production system) where the economic and competitive interest of the providers continuously seeks after both environmentally and socio-ethically beneficial new solutions; eventually including the offer of a local energy network.
  • 26. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy FINAL REMARKS AN EMERGING SYSTEM DESIGN ROLE FOR SUSTAINABILITY form “APPROPRAITE TECHNOLOGIES” DESIGN to “APPROPRIATE STAKEHOLER CONFIGURATION” DESIGN, ADDRESSED TO S.PSS AND DRE
  • 27. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Product-Service System design for Sustainability LeNS approach, method, tools SYSTEM DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (FOR ALL) (knowledge-base and know-how) Distributed Renewable Energy (DRE) design and engineering Social entrepreneurship for sustainable development DISSEMINATION IN HEIS: LEARNING-BY- SHARING WITH OPEN AND COPY LEFT ETHOS
  • 28. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy MULO is an open system project aiming at promoting sustainable mobility Product-Service System in low and middle income contexts based on the use of vehicles powered by solar, electric and human power Cape Town Rio de Janeiro Basanti - IndiaBurkina Faso Zambia MULO SYSTEM OPEN PROJECT Politecnico di Milanosocio-technical experiment incubation S.PSS detailed design Brunell University (by fabrizio ceschin)
  • 29. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SYSTEM AND PILOT PROJECT DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY SYSTEM FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE IN CAPE TOWN SUBURBS, SOUTH AFRICA BASED ON MULO SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY OPEN PROJECT detailed designdetailed design of service andof service and stakaholderstakaholder inetractionsinetractions design of transitiondesign of transition path and of socio-path and of socio- technical experimenttechnical experiment pilot projectpilot project implementationimplementationdetailed product designdetailed product design http://muloafrica.wordpress.com Politecnico di Milano Cape Peninsula University of Technology Shonaquip Benbikes Philiza Abafazi Bethu PARTNERS first pilot launch, Cape Town: 12 October 2011