3.2 system design for eco efficiency vezzoli-12-13 (29)

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  • 1. course System Design for Sustainabilitysubject 3. System design for eco-efficencylearning resource 3.2System design for eco-efficiencycarlo vezzolipolitecnico di milano . DESIGN dept. . DIS . School of Design . ItalyLearning Network on Sustainability (EU asia-link)Learning Network on Sustainabile energy systems (EU edulink) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 2. CONTENTS. system design for eco-efficiency: a definition. system design for eco-efficiency: approach. criteria of system design for eco-efficiency . system life optimisation . transportation-distribution reduction . resources reduction . waste minimisation-valorisation . conservation-biocompatibility . toxic reduction Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 3. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: STATE OF ART (in industrially mature contexts) … aim at 100% d ne sig (education and practice) de be DISSEMINATION o ”t low impact t ec mat./energies bj e “o Product th Life Cycle Design nin g ecodesign de wi system design for eco-efficiency design for social equity and cohesionnewresearch 0 CONSOLIDATION 100%frontier … (research achievements on knowledge-base and know-how) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 4. SYSTEM INNOVATION MAIN CHARACTERISTICSROOTED IN A SATISFACTION-BASED ECONOMIC MODELeach offer is developed/designed and delivered in relation to aparticular customer “satisfaction” (unit of satisfaction)STAKEHOLDER INTERACTIONS-BASED INNOVATIONradical innovations, not so much as technological ones, asnew interactions/partnerships between the stakeholders of aparticular satisfaction production chain (life cycle/s)INTRINSIC ECO-EFFICIENCY POTENTIALinnovation in which is the company/companies’ economic andcompetitive interest that may leads to an environmentalimpact reduction (system eco-efficiency: decoupling thecreation of value from resources consumption) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 5. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY:A DEFINITION“the design of the system of productsand services that are together able tofulfil a particular customer demand(deliver a “unit of satisfaction”), basedon the design of innovative interactionsof the stakeholders (directly andindirectly linked to that “satisfaction”system) where the economic andcompetitive interest of the providerscontinuously seeks environmentallybeneficial new solutions.”[to be published in 2013, by Greenleafenglish, chinese, thailandese,pdf free of charge and in copy left www.lens.polimi.it] Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 6. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and services Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 7. A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACHdesign the satisfaction of a particular demandTHERE IS NOT ONE SINGLE PRODUCT TO BEDESIGNED (ASSESSED), BUT RATHER ALL THEPRODUCTS AND SERVICES (AND ALL THERELATED PROCESSES) ASSOCIATED WITH THEFULFILMENT OF A PARTICULAR (CUSTOMER)DEMAND OF SATISFACTION... A “SATISFACTION UNIT” COULD BE DEFINED Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 8. SATISFACTION UNIT: (a car): functional unit: trasportation of 1 persosn per 1 km(possible with a car)satisfaction unit 1: 1 person having access to his/her workingspace (per 1 year)satisfaction unit 2: 1 person having access to public servicesdelivering personal documents (per 1 year). ...(possible even with other mixes of products and services)a satisfaction unit require an approach at the same time:. deeper (more products, services, stakeholders to be considered). more narrow (looking at one particular customer satisfaction) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 9. SATISFACTION APPROACH IN DESIGNIS TO THINK MORE ON BEING (SATISFIED),RATHER ON HAVING (PRODUCTS TO BESATISFIED)[Ehrnelfeld, Sustainability by design, 2008] Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 10. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and servicesB. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholders of a particular satisfaction-system Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 11. B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-system[a parallel with product design: it imagines and definesthe technical performance and aesthetic characteristics of“components” – materials/shape - and their“connections” – joining elements - to respond to a set of“requirements” ]systems design for eco-efficiency: it imagines and defines“connections” – interactions/partnerships –between appropriate“components” – socio-economic stakeholders –of a system, responding to a particular“requirement” - social demand for satisfaction - Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 12. STAKEHOLDERS SYSTEM MAP Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 13. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACH AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and servicesB. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-systemC. “SYSTEM ECO-EFFICIENCY” APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutions Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 14. C. SYSTEM ECO-EFFICENCY APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutionsNOT ALL SYSTEM INNOVATION ARE ECO-EFFICENT!> CRITERIA AND GUIDELINES ARE NEEDED> METHODS AND TOOLS ARE NEEDED to orientatedesign towards system eco-efficent stakeholderinteractions Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 15. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY CRITERIA(TO REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT). System life optimisation. Transportation-distribution reduction. Resources reduction. Waste minimisation-valorisation. Conservation-biocompatibility. Toxic reduction[ADOPTED BY POLIMI-DIS WITHIN LeNS] Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 16. SYSTEM LIFE OPTIMISATIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE EXTENSION OF THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ LIFE SPAN ANDTHE INTENSIFICATION THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ USE Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 17. AVOIDED IMPACTS LIGHTER IMPACTSSHORT product’s (system sum) life PRE- PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES WITH DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTION LOWER USE CONSUMPTION USE USE DISPOSAL given function in time DISP. USE USE DISTRIBUTION DISTR. UPDATING OF THE PRODUCTION PROD. COMPONENTS CAUSING CONSUMPTION PRE- P-PR. PRODUCTION EXTENDED product’s (system sum) life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 18. AVOIDED IMPACTS product’s (system sum) INTENSE lifeP-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. LIFE INDIPENDENT FROM LENGHT OF USE A 1 B 1C 1 B 2 A 2 C 2 B 3 A 3 C 3 use (function) during timeP-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. A1 A2 A3P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. B1 B2 B3P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. C1 C2 C3 product’s (system sum) NOT INTENSE life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 19. TRANSPORTATION/DISTRIBUTIONREDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE TRANSPORTATIONSAND PACKAGINGS Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 20. RESOURCES REDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERINGFOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE MATERIALSAND THE ENERGIES USED BY ALL PRODUCTS ANDSERVICES OF THE SYSTEM Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 21. WASTE MINIMISATION/VALORISATIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERINGFOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE SUM OF THE SYSTEMRECYCLING, ENERGY RECOVERY AND COMPOSTINGAND REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE WASTE PRODUCED Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 22. AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTSmaterial (system sum) non-extended life LANDFILL PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE RECYCLING COMBUSTION COMPOSTING PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRODUCTIONmaterial (system sum) extended life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 23. CONSERVATION/BIOCOMPATIBILITYDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM’S RESOURCESCONSERVATION/RENEWABILITY Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 24. TOXIC REDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION/AVOIDANCE OF THE SUM OF THESYSTEM’S MATERIALS’S TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESS Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 25. SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKITstakeholder interaction guidelines (criteria related) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 26. INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTALCRITERIA (AND RELATED GUIDELINES)FOR A GIVEN SATISFACTION SYSTEM:- some have HIGHER RELEVANCE than others- can be SYNERGETIC or CONFLICTINGFOR DECISION MAKING (DESIGNING)identify the (environmental) design PRIORITIES:> CRITERIA relevance (relative) per system type> most promising stakeholders’ INTERACTIONS types (criteria related GUIDELINES) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 27. SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKITbreif related critaria prorities qualitative identification Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 28. [for such new skills] NEW METHODS/TOOLS some methods/tools developed to orientate system design towards eco-efficent solutions: HiCS, Highly MEPSS, MEthodology SusProNet, Network Design4Sustainability Product-Service Customerised for Product Service on sustainable PSS Step by step System Design for Solutions System development development approach Sustainability [see Manzini et [see van Halen et al. [see Tukker [see Tischner & [see Vezzoli et al., al. 2004] 2005] &Tischner, 2006] Vezzoli, 2009] tbp 2012] METHODSDESIGN TOOLS Story Interac board SDO B portfoli tion Solution Offering diagram toolkit l o diagram table SDO elements Interac u Story System toolkit tion board assessmen Offering diagram t table Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  • 29. MSDS PHASES/PROCESSESMETHODS/TOOLS BY LeNS: STRATEGIC ANALYSISMETHOD FOR SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT PROMOTERSDESIGN FOR ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE CONTEXT ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE STRUCTURESUSTAINABILITY (MSDS) ANALYSIS OF BEST PRACTICES DEFINITION OF SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN PRIORITIES EXPLORING OPPORTUNITIES IDEAS GENERATION ORIENTED TO SUSTAINABILITY DEVELEPMENT OF THE SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN ORIENTING SCENARIO - VISIONS/CLUSTERS/IDEAS SYSTEM CONCEPT DESIGN VISIONS, CLUSTERS AND IDEAS SELECTION SYSTEM CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECK SYSTEM DESIGN (AND ENGIN.) SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT (EXECUTIVE LEVEL) ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECKSDO toolkit:environmental system design orientation COMMUNICATIONon-line use, free access:www.sdo-lens.polomi.itfree download open: www.lens.polimi.it > tools DOCUMENTS EDITING Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy