2. product life cycle design vezzoli 12 13 (41)

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2. product life cycle design vezzoli 12 13 (41)

  1. 1. course System Design for Sustainabilitysubject 2. Introduction to product Life Cycle Designlearning resource 2.1Introduction to product Life Cycle Designcarlo vezzolipolitecnico di milano . DESIGN dept. . DIS . School of Design . ItalyLearning Network on Sustainability (EU asia-link)Learning Network on Sustainabile energy systems (EU edulink) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  2. 2. CONTENTS. Product environmental effects and requirements. Life cycle assessment (LCA). Life Cycle Design approach: life cycle + functional. Introduction to Product Life Cycle Design criteria . Resources minimisation . Low impact resources selection . Product life optimisation . Material life extension . Design for disassembly Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  3. 3. (product) LIFE CYCLE DESIGN(or eco-design, design for the environment, …)the discipline integratingENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTSwithin the PRODUCT design process Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  4. 4. [ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTSit is to design for minimizing product’s]ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTSEACH ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT IS BASED ON ASUBSTANCE’S EXCHANGE (IMPACT) BETWEEN THENATURE/ENVIRONMENT AND A (ANTHROPICTRASFORMATION) PROCESS OF A PRODUCTIONAND CONSUMPTION SYSTEMinput: substance extraction from the environmentoutput: substance emission in the environment(not all impacts damage with the same entity) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  5. 5. INPUT AND ITS (DAMAGING) EFFECTSRESOURCES EXHAUSTIONALTERATION OF THE ECOSYSTEMS’ BALANCE(damaging outputs of extractive processes) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  6. 6. OUTPUT AND ITS (DAMAGING) EFFECTSglobal warming (greenhouse effect)ozone layer depletioneutrophicationacidificationsmogtoxicitywastes... Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  7. 7. ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS IN DESIGNCAN WE ASSOCIATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTSTO A PRODUCT?AND HOW?APPROACHES:- PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE- FUNCTIONAL UNITEVALUATION METHOD:- LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  8. 8. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle stages Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  9. 9. LIFE CYCLE ag e trasp. pa APPROACH r sto kac eg fi n is hass e m b.manufac. col r. le a te y ctio m erg . n en duc other o ach urce’s pr product’s ing life cycle ie v o res Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  10. 10. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle stagesthe design “reference”from product designto product’s “function” design Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  11. 11. FUNCTIONAL APPROACHIS NOT THE PRODUCT TO BE DESIGNED(ASSESSED) BUT, THE WHOLE OF THEPROCESSES ASSOCIATED WITH THEFULFILLMENT OF A GIVEN FUNCTION Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  12. 12. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle stagesthe design “reference”from product designto product’s “function” designthe environmental design “objective”minimise the environmental impact of the whole ofthe phases in relation to the functional unit Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  13. 13. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OFPRODUCTLCA: LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTa quantitative method to assess the environmentaleffects of the life cycle of a given product/service inrelation to its functional unitISO 14040 Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  14. 14. e.g. LCA upholstered seat (8 years life span) PRE-PROD. DISTRIBUT. USE DISPOSALPRODUCTION Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  15. 15. e.g. LCA refrigerator (10 years life span) PRE-PROD. DISTRIBUT. USE DISPOSAL PRODUCTION Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  16. 16. PRODUCT LYFE CYCLE DESIGN: DEFINITION“the design of the product life cyclestages that, while considering allrequirements, aims at minimisingthe environmental impact of thewhole of the life cycle phases inrelation to the functional unit”(Vezzoli & Manzini, Springer, London, 2008) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  17. 17. LCD: ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA RESOURCES MINIMISATION LOW IMPACT RESOURCES SELECTION PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATION MATERIAL LIFE EXTENSION DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  18. 18. RESOURCES MINIMISATIONquantitative impact reductionDESIGN FOR:MATERAIL USE MINIMISATIONin all life cycle phases (as a whole)ENERGY USE MINIMISATIONin all life cycle phases (as a whole) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  19. 19. EX. MATERIALS CONSUMPTION MINIMISATION Ikea Air sofa, Ikea Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  20. 20. EX. ENERGIES CONSUMPTION MINIMISATION FRIA, refrigerator, Tischner Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  21. 21. LOW IMPACT RESOURCES SELECTIONqualitative impact reductionDESIGN FOR:RESOURCES CONSERVATION/RENEWABILITYin all life cycle phases (as a whole)RESOURCES NON TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESSin all life cycle phases (as a whole) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  22. 22. EX. TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESS MINIMISATION rags for cleaning in micro-fiber (no need for detergent) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  23. 23. EX. ENERGY RENEWABILITY IMPROVEMENTSolarshuttle,Kopf Umwelt Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  24. 24. EX. MATERIAL BIO-COMPATIBILITY IMPROVEMENTgardeningvase inmater-B,cornstarchbio-deg.polimer byNovamont Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  25. 25. RESOURCES RENEWABILITYDEPENDS ON:- RE-GROWING SPECIFIC SPEED- EXTRACTION FREQUENCYa resource is renewable if:a context relatedanthropic consumption rate < natural re-growing rate Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  26. 26. MATERIALS’ ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTDEPENDS ON:- MATERIAL-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS- CHARACTERISTICS GIVEN TO PRODUCTA RANKING FROM THE BEST TO THE WORST IS(USUALLY) “MISLEADING ” Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  27. 27. PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATIONDESIGN FOR:EXTENDING PRODUCT (COMPONENT) LIFE SPANINTENSIFYING PRODUCT (COMPONENT) USE Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  28. 28. EX. PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATIONCARE, changing top>kids table>writing desk, Stokke Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  29. 29. AVOIDED IMPACTS LIGHTER IMPACTSSHORT product/component life PRE-PRODUCTION PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES WITH LOWER DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTION USE CONSUMPTION USE USE DISPOSALsame function in time DISP. USE USE DISTRIBUTION DISTRIB. UPDATING OF THE COMPONENTS PROD. CAUSING CONSUMPTION PRODUCTION PRE-PRODUCTION P-PROD.EXTENDED product/component life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  30. 30. AVOIDED IMPACTS product/component INTENSE lifePRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. A1 B1 C1 B2 A2 C2 B3 A3 C3 LIFE INDIPENDENT FROM LENGHT OF USE use (function) during timePRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. A1 A2 A3PRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. B1 B2 B3PRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. C1 C2 C3 products/components NOT INTENSE life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  31. 31. MATERIAL LIFE EXTENSIONDESIGN FOR:RECYCLINGENERGY RECOVERYCOMPOSTING Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  32. 32. AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTSmaterial NON-EXTENDED life LANDFILL PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE RECYCLING COMBUSTION COMPOSTING PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRODUCTIONmaterial EXTENDED life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  33. 33. MATERIALS’ RECYCLABILITY (COMB., COMP.)DIPENDS ON:- SPECIFIC MATERIAL’S CHARACTERISTICSperformances recovery (and costs of process)- PRODUCT’S ARCHITECTURE- RECYCLING PHASES Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  34. 34. POST-CONSUMPTION RECYCLING PHASES:(COMBUSTION, COMPOSTING). collection. transportation. separation (disassembly a/o crushing). identification. cleaning. secondary raw material’s production Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  35. 35. EX. MATERIAL LIFE EXTENSION water bottle for easy recycling, EVIAN Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  36. 36. DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY> of parts/componentsPRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATION> of materialsMATERIAL LIFE EXTENSION Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  37. 37. EX. DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY Mirra seat, Herman Miller Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  38. 38. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN:METHODS/TOOLSsome have been developed (according to ISO/TR14062:2002 Environmental management - Integrating environmentalaspects into product design and development) … UNEP-TUD (D4S) POLIMI-DIS (MPDS) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  39. 39. MPDS: Method for Product Design for Environmental Sustainability (developed and adopted by DIS-Polimi) processes/tools PRODUCT DESIGN processes/tools to orientate PHASES envirnomental assesm. (brief) LCA on reference environmental designpriorities identification: product for design: product sch. IPSA/radar (ICS) es. SIMAPRO strategiessustainability-focused abrdiged LCA check: ideas generation: es. SIMAPROtavole eco-idee (ICS) product qualitative check: cecklist (ICS)check of sustainability concept design priorities:sch. IPSA/radar (ICS) abrdiged LCA on potential impact most promising product reduction: concept selection design es. SIMAPRO qualitative check: cecklist (ICS) low environmental impact processes selection: LCA of comparisonfor tools to orientate ingegner. environmental qualityspecific environmental communication: issues es. idemat es. SIMAPRO Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  40. 40. Eco-idea tables_ICS toolkit… SOME OF THE MPDS TOOLS Idea 3 Idea 1 Checklist (guidelies related)_ICS toolkit Idea 2 Multicriteria Radar_ICS toolkitfree download atwww.lens.polimi.it / tools Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  41. 41. if you want to know more on:PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN(LECTURER’S BIBLIOGRAPHY) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy

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