Poverty and social exclusion are processes encountered all over the world. More and more often, social exclusion is employed to explain the poverty phenomenon, without aiming to replace it. The existence of poverty supposes a deficit in financial resources, opposite to social exclusion, an ample and specific concept found at the level of every society, which tries to study the social consequences associated with the participation of individuals in the community life. Social exclusion can be a cause of poverty, conflict and social insecurity; itcan explain why some people or groups remain poor while others manage to transcend this condition, why they dispose of less and less food or get a kind of food that does not ensure the necessary nutritional elements, why they are less involved in the economic and political activities designed forthem or why they have limited access or no access at all to social services. On the other hand, if we take into account the fact that the process of exclusion develops in particular circumstances, when individuals nolonger benefit from minimum living standards or are deprived of the material goods necessary for their subsistence, we can assume that the poverty phenomenon lies at the basis of social exclusion. However, at the same time, those who are excluded are not always poor. It is possible that they have no access whatsoever to community life or to their rights for reasons other than those related to their material status. The condition of poverty reflected by the lack of bare necessities can determine implicitly the condition of social exclusion. Don’t decent living standards also involve participation in the social life? Nevertheless, the fight against social exclusion supposes not only financial resources but also a series of opportunities which will allow the individual or the social class to perceive WELFARE.
Strategies of the governmentThere are many laws with connections to our theme, we just name the direction we need to research on:Romanian ConstitutionLaws regarding to human rightsFor Roma peopleFor combating povertyAll connected to the European Laws
All layers fo management influences the good perception for integration of the poor:InstitutionsEconomical levelsOng levelsEven the perception on the TV stars and perception on corruption , all influences human perception on well fare and inclucion of other human , beeng in this case children
One of Romania’s major objectives in the field of preventing and combating social exclusion refers toeradicating child poverty. In order to make efficient the effort of the actions achieved, it is necessaryto make large investments both in family and especially in the valorisation of the children’sintellectual and social potential. Thus, we will create the grounds for these children to become adultswith increased professional competences by means of which to overcome the poverty that theirfamilies face.In 2008, the Romanian Ministry of Education, Research and Innovation initiated the setting up ofsome special classes in the excellence schools from the county capitals, classes to include childrenwith very good results, but who come from families with no resources or who learn in isolatedcommunes, where there are no optimum conditions for study. One of the most important events of theEuropean Year in Romania addresses these children. The event proposed shall consist of a skillscontest (not one of school knowledge), for the children/pupils from the excellence classes with agesranging from 10-14, with a precarious family situation and with exceptional school results. Thecontest shall be coordinated through county work cells, consisting of representatives of the countyschool inspectorates, of the general directorates of social assistance and child protection and of thecounty labour and social protection directorates and it shall promote the children’s involvement in allthe related activities of organisation. The jury may consist of Romanian personalities, who can bejoined by children with special skills. The papers and proposals of the children taking part to thecompetition shall be published on an especially dedicated page on the internet site of the year.
Through this contest the ideas of diversity and access to opportunities will be promoted and, thus, the children will be given the possibility to get involved in various activities: dancing, music, developing local projects and of social participation. It is taken into consideration the selection of a number of about 10 children from each county. At national level about 400 children will compete. Depending on the number of papers received, it istaken into consideration also the possibility to organise two semi-finals. The winners are to be designated based on certain selection criteria focusing on creativity, spirit of initiative and active social participation in the origin community. The prizes will take into account a long tern support for the children, as some means to help themimprove their social skills and performances, such as computers and other electronic means of learning, internet connection, handbooks, encyclopaedias etc. The awarding ceremony shall be held on June 01st, 2010, with the occasion of the International Children’s Day. The 400 children participating to the contest shall be invited and all of them shall receive consolation prizes and participation certificates. Within the event there will be organized a show by the children from various schools, as well as from the child protection system.
Organization of events and reunions debating the problems related to poverty and socialexclusion; Organization of information and education campaigns to raise the citizens’ awareness on therights they have, but also on the phenomenon; Draft of studies and surveys to lead to the formulation of conclusions regarding topics relatedto poverty and social exclusion
National, Regional and local agencies special designed for aplying inclusion policies Nacional Agency for Roma people Agencies for combationd poverty and social exclusions, for equality among women and men, for employment etc.
Diferent actors combined with a good curricculum:, begining with the goverment and finishing with teachers and conseilors All activity in school, the way education reaches its members can be efective on this subbegect more than this the extra educacational activyties have greater role.
LibraryIn this institutions we have most efect with little effort, in Toplita there is Biblionet Programme, financed by Irex Romania, here every day more that 15 kids of all ages and more of them roma people come to use internet, implicate in cultural activities and they are ofered the servicies withe the respect for human right with no difference, and above all at institution level they are educated, obliged to respect internal rules that of respectful comunication and care for the patrimonial objects. We put examples:
People should have job, work facilities, and a decent salary
In this area every exponent of the society has posibilityes of expresing himself , and with the groth of cultural level, the perception and the respect for diversity and rights will grow
Nothing cant be done in the people are not reacting. Comming from a comunist state, centralized services, population is not used to give contructive opinions they most ove all give coments, and not even these are note given publicly.
We all form society - Follow a model, create a model that gains trust, this can be the way to resolve issues around youCause there is no perfect model