Student of 3 year, 3 group
is constitutionally defined measure of possible political
behavior of the person primarily participate in direct
democracy, the providing of state power and local self-
government in which a person acts primarily as a citizen of
Ukraine, member of social and state relations.
Political rights and freedoms
citiziens of Ukraine –
Political rights and freedom are:
Freedom of mind and word;
Freedom of gathering, meeting, procession and
Right of petition bodies of state power and local self-
Right to association;
Right to participate in the administrate of state affairs.
By Constitution of Ukraine, chapter 2, article 36, 38, 39,
40, all citizens of Ukraine are guaranteed political rights
and freedoms and President are guarantor/
They include only to citizens of Ukraine, which achieved 18
years and got full of personality, except right to association in
non-political organization і right to individual and collective
High degree to be guaranteed not only on national level, but
also on international level.
Political rights could be limited by Law in interest national
security and public security, also in relation to citizens of
Ukraine, which had been recognized by the courts as
Citizens of Ukraine have the right of association in political parties
and public organizations for the execution and protection of their
rights and freedoms, as well as for the satisfaction of their political,
economic, social, cultural and other interests, except for the
restrictions determined by law in the interests of national security and
public order, protection of health of the population, or the protection
of rights and freedoms of other people.
Political parties in Ukraine promote the formation and expression of
the political will of citizens and participate in elections. Only citizens
of Ukraine may be members of political parties. Restrictions on
membership in political parties shall be established only by this
Constitution and laws of Ukraine.
Citizens have the right to membership in professional unions in order
to protect their labor and social-economic rights and interests.
Citizens have the right to participate in the administration of state
affairs, in all-Ukrainian and local referenda, to elect freely and to be
elected to bodies of state power and local self-government.
Citizens execute the equal right of access to state service, as well as
service in bodies of local self-government.
Citizens have the right to gather peacefully, without weapons, and to
conduct assemblies, meetings, processions and demonstrations with the
notification of bodies of executive power or of local self-government
about their conduct.
The restriction regarding the implementation of this right may be
determined by court based upon the law, and only in the interests of the
national and public order with the purpose to prevent disturbances and
crimes, for the protection of the health of population, or the protection of
the rights and freedoms of other people.
All people have the right to
send individual and joint
petitions to state bodies,
bodies of local self-
government and their officials,
who are required to consider
petitions and provide a
motivated response in the
term determined by law.
Ukraine(by organization Freedom House) has reduced
own rating from 115 to 133 step, at last 4 years, and from
free country became partly free country. If rating was
2,5 point at 2009 year, rating reduced to 3,5 point at
2013 year. Reducing reason are state monopolization
media, prohibition to using their political rights and
Right citizens to participate in
the administrate and activity
state and in bodies of state
Right to active participating
person in social life
Right to be
Right to select
Personal participation citizens in activity in bodies state
power and local self-government , and thought selected
delegate, are incarnation sovereignty nation and form of
Selection are provided by this principles:
General - Everybody, who achieved 18 year, can take part in
Equality - All citizens take part in selection on equal rights,
nobody have benefits by male, color of skin,
language, capital, social position and etc. Every
voter have only 1 voice.
Direct - Citizens vote directly for president and deputies.
Voting is carried by bulletin.
Citizens should independently determine the
candidate chosen. Invalid any pressure on the will
of the voters.
is the way to make laws or to
address other important issues
Two weapons that can both protect
citizens from arbitrary state and under
the guise of high ideals, prevent the
abuse of power by the state in relation
to its own citizens.
Citizens may be initiated referendums on
any issue that can be solved in this way.
However, most people do not have detailed
knowledge of the law, and to calculate the
consequences of making a particular issue to
a referendum can only highly qualified
Petition – is individual and collective
address (often in writing form) to
bodies of state power.
Right of petition and
right of address
This is the right of citizens to address the requirements
suggestions, complaints, addressed to the public body or official,
the competence of which includes the appeal of the proposed
May induce public authorities to take certain steps in the
interest of applicants and perhaps a way of expressing
Freedom of gathering - it's unlimited opportunity to meet in closed rooms, access
to which can be theoretically limited collection organized, but it is not required.
In this case, the effect is usually promote order if the owner agrees to carry out
Article 39 KU contains specific
requirements for the organizers of such
events as meetings, rallies, marches and
demonstrations, to ensure their peaceful
nature, and also includes restrictions on
this right, which can be set by the court
under the law, and only in the interests of
national security or public safety of to
prevent disorder or crime, for the
protection of public health or the
protection of the rights and freedoms of
Main forms of citizens’ association
Political parties Public organization
Law of Ukraine “About
citizens’ association" -
Freedom of association, and is the title of the right to associate in international
law means the right to associate for collective action and achieve a common goal
in terms of adherence to certain rules of conduct (corporate standards). Such a
combination is necessary for a person when she is not in a position to making the
steps or achieve the desired goal.
fundamental act of legislation, which
regulates the establishment and operation of
formal civic associations, defines their
rights, establishing the order of supervision
and control over their activities, etc.
Political Party - an association of citizens, supporters of
a certain national social development program, having
the main purpose of participation in policy-making, the
formation of the government, local and regional self-
government and representation in their lineup.
Public organization - an association of people to meet
and protect their legal, social, economic, creative,
national, cultural, sports and other interests.