Completed by the
students KRD -302
Comparative characteristics of the
referendum and elections
Types of referendums on the object
of conduct :
The subject of the
referendum are matters
within the exclusive
solution to the
Constitution as a result of
the popular consultation
Conducted to identify
public opinion on specific
issues of interest to some
of the region's population
Referendum (the territory of
Conducted across the entire
country. It is advisable to conduct
before a nationwide referendum the
broad public discussion of the
issues resolved by referendum.
Conducted within individual subjects
of the federation (in the federal state)
or political units (in unitary and
federal states) in order to address
critical local issues.
According to the Constitution of Ukraine
(Art.72) nationwide, All-Ukrainian
referendum designated by the Verkhovna
Rada or the President.
National referendum is called
on the people's initiative on the
request of at least three million
citizens of Ukraine who are
entitled to vote, provided that
the signatures on the
referendum collected not less
than two-thirds of regions and
not less than one hundred
thousand signatures in each
According to the Ministry of Justice from 1991
to 2009 in Ukraine was held 150 local referendums:
50 – on administrative-territorial structure;
34 – for changing the name of the place;
31 – Institutional issues, including early
termination of the representative bodies of local
13 – for the public welfare;
12 – Land Affairs;
10 - other issues.
A special legal literature assumed date of the first
ever referendum 1439, and his "homeland" Switzerland (Canton Bern), although there are
expressed other opinions on this occasion.
There were two national
referendums in Ukraine December 1, 1991 and
April 17, 2000
The possible negative effects of the Law
“About a national referendum" 6 November
LOSS OF INDEPENDENCE. The law does not prohibit to vote
such as cancellation of Ukraine's independence or confiscation of the
property of its citizens.
DESTRUCTION OF THE CONSTITUTION. The referendum
can accept the new and thereby destroy the constitution. Power will
enter in the "new constitution" whatever they want – from
cancellation of the election of the President of Ukraine to
membership in the alliance with the capital in Moscow.
LIQUIDATION OF PARLIAMENT. All legislative procedures
will be trampled - no first and second readings, amendments and
discussions. The President will stamp the worst laws without
Parliament, on behalf of the people.
LEGITIMIZE CENSORSHIP. Media are prohibited to campaign
for or against referendum questions , disseminate information aimed
at encouraging citizens vote for or against without agreements on
distribution of materials during the referendum process.
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE DICTATORSHIP. Only the
President can initiate , conduct referendum and count votes. If the
referendum starts, it can’t be interrupted, and the results of voting
can’t be controlled or appealed.
With the adoption of the
law “About a national
referendum" repealed the
law “About a national and
local referendums" that
was adopted 3 July 1991.
Vacuum has formed in
the legal field of Ukraine
in the issue of local
The reaction on the Law “About a
The purpose of the referendum is:
A) The election of people's representatives;
B) Decision making in substance issues were presented;
C) Viable population census.
of referendum involves the use of system of detection
A) The majority; B) The proportionate; C) The mixed .
referendum is not allowed on the issues:
A) Taxes, investments , prices;
B) Taxes, amnesty, prices;
C) Taxes, budget, amnesty.
first in the history of Ukraine national referendum was conducted:
A)1December1991; B)1 January1992; C)12 February1991.
law governing mechanism referendums in Ukraine is called:
A) Law " About a national and local referendums ";
B) Law " About a national referendum ";
C) Law " About a referendum ".
require approval and have the highest power of referendum results:
A) Constitutional and consultancy;
B ) Legislative and constitutional;
C) Advisory and legislative.