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PSY492 Advanced General Psychology
Module 7 Assignment 2

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  • Thesis question: “Are women who marry young more likely to commit adulterous acts later in their marriages compared to women whoget married in their late 20’s-mid 30’s?” Hypothesis is that women who marry young will most likely increase their chances of committing adultery later in their marriages-Factors: to considerthrough research in order to predict if there is an increased chance of infidelity.
  • Statistics already studied determining that 67% of marriages fail, -infidelity is one of the primary causes of failed marriages; studies support this. Other studies support that age is a determinant for a risk of divorce as well. How are these two factors associated and is there a common correlation between the two which would support the thesis?
  • Using a quantitative approach- Ways at looking at the research to find evidence which would support thesis statement
  • Research found which supports that there is a link between characteristics of the marital problems and divorce – infidelity being a cause for dissolution –age as a factor in young marriages correlating to those found to have marital problems
  • Further research needs to take place for these correlations to be connected to thesis question. However age does seem to be a factor. The age factor increases difficulties in a marriage, infidelity being one cause for marriages ending in divorce.
  • How age increases the likelihood of infidelity in a young marriage. Studies hypothesize that young women have a better opportunity to find another mate; therefore probability of them not feeling the loss of their spouse as a risk or consequence for their actions –increasing probability of being unfaithful in their marriage.
  • --not only does marrying at a young age bring the likelihood of future marital problems -Studies support how dissatisfaction in a marriage predicts infidelity; linking young mariages to predict infidelity.
  • Research found those of a younger age to have an increased probability of being unfaithful in their marriages.
  • Women marrying young. Does it hinder their character and personality development? Interesting thought to consider for further research. Previous research has supported that there is a correlation between marital dissatisfaction and certain personalities which are of those who have difficulty with being good natured and conscientious. -Previous research found those with these type of personalities tend to be dissatisfied in their marriage.
  • Ones personalities and characteristic traits may predict infidelity. -tie together research hypothesis and the possible affects marrying young may have on ones character development -is there a risk of creating a development flaw by marrying at a young age? This evidence would help further support hypothesis and the possibility of a developing a personality disorder and predicting infidelity.
  • Is religion a factor in preventing divorce during times when infidelity exists within a marriage? it is likely that the significant attitudes and strict prevention of the behavior of most religions account for this association (Whisman, et al, 2007).
  • -interesting as to whether or not the report of marital dissatisfaction specified by religious individuals interprets attitudes and behaviors due to the prevention of divorce. Is how one defines infidelity a threat to validity?
  • -sampled participants may find a threat to validity due to the fact that those questioned were only married for a year. Participants were 214 individuals made up of 107 married couples, who had been married no longer than one year. The average age of the husbands out of the participants were 26.7 years of age and of the wives the average age was 25.5 years old. It was found that with this measure of inconsistency that the researchers found some support, yet they found that there is a lack of consistency and other important limitations found.
  • Conducting further research in order to prove or disprove researchers hypothesis. Measure through conducting a survey. Making sure to collect data with a clear definition of how infidelity is being measured.
  • What variables will be used in the research. Analyzing the data to determine if evidence found supports hypothesis
  • Information used to find a relationship between age at the time of marriage and infidelity. Compare findings with standard marriages, with those marriages who women married between the ages of late 20’s-mid 30’s; hopefully finding conclusion to support thesis
  • Review Paper Presentation

    1. 1. Advanced General PsychologyPSY 492Review Paper<br />by Laurie Greene<br />
    2. 2. Are women who marry young more likely to commit adulterous acts?<br />primary focus is to explore the prevalence of adultery found in marriages amongst women who marry young (18- mid 20’s)<br />compared to women who marry in their late 20’s to mid 30’s. <br />Factors to consider:<br />prevalence of marital problems <br />age at time of marriages<br />Question: Do these factors predict an increase of infidelity?<br />
    3. 3. Today approximately 67% of all marriages are predicted to end in divorce (Gottman, & Silver, 1999). <br />What has changed in our culture or society causing the life of these marriages to cease?<br />Studies have found infidelity to be the one most common cause of marital dissolutions (Whisman, Gordon, and Chatav, 2007). <br />Research has linked marriage at an early age, as a variable increasing the risk of divorce (Wiederman, and Allgeier, 1996).<br />
    4. 4. Quantitative approach:<br />looking at the frequency of infidelity found in women who married young<br />Compare to infidelity found in those who married in their late 20’s-mid 30’s<br />Compared to infidelity found the general population of married women<br />
    5. 5. Supporting data<br />couples who experience problems in marriage increase their likelihood of divorce (Amato and Rogers, 1997). <br />Infidelity was found to be a characteristic of the marital problems and divorce<br />previous studies found that marrying at an early age can cause marital problems (Amato and Roger’s, 1997)<br />
    6. 6. What does this have to do with the question of age and infidelity?<br />further research needs to be conducted in order to reveal how age is directly related to marital problems<br />studies have shown young marriages increase the risk for marriages ending in divorce. <br />
    7. 7. Are young marriages a probability of infidelity?<br />Women marry young and do not further their education till later in their life and marriage.<br />Once they pursue a career and increase their amount of income they become more independent and not relying as much on their husband.<br />Of those who experience a dissolution, it would give them a better opportunity to be back in the market for a new mate (Amato & Rogers, 2008).<br />
    8. 8. Marital dissatisfaction predicting infidelity<br />Whisman, Gordon, & Chatav (2007) found in a previous study that the number one predictor for divorce was marital dissatisfaction and marital dissatisfaction being one of the consistent factors predicting infidelity. <br />
    9. 9. Age predicting infidelity<br />research found age to have a greater association with infidelity <br />The findings were twice as high for those between the ages of 18-30 than those who were older than 30 (Treas & Giesen, 2000).<br />
    10. 10. Young marriages may hinder ones character and personality development<br />Shackelford, Besser, and Goetz (2008) found a correlation between marital dissatisfaction and those who have a personality of “low agreeableness” and a “low conscientiousness.”<br />partners of those who carry these types of characteristics will tend to be dissatisfied in their marriage.<br />
    11. 11. marital satisfaction level and personality characteristics may project relationships with foreseen infidelity<br />spousal personality may help predict marriages which are likely to either obtain or contain infidelities (Shackelford, Besser, & Goetz, 2008).<br />
    12. 12. A threat to validity<br />Research discovered that religion is a go-between of the association of marital dissatisfaction and infidelity (Dollahite, and Lambert, 2007). <br />attitudes and strict prevention of the unfaithful behavior of most religions account for the prevention of divorce<br />
    13. 13. A threat to validity<br />Are reports of marital dissatisfaction, specified by religious individuals, construed attitudes and behaviors due to the measures taken to prevent divorce (Whisman, et al, 2007).<br />Further study should be done to conclude how the researchers define infidelity <br />Infidelity having different meanings depending on beliefs and attitudes<br />
    14. 14. A threat to validity<br />Limited number of discrepancy gathered in expected infidelity, was sought in those who were married for only a year.<br />Not many newlyweds are likely to be anticipating future infidelities (Shackelford, Besser, and Goetz, 2008)<br />
    15. 15. Measure<br />Sexual infidelity and collection of data attained through survey<br />Defining infidelity: “Have you had sexual intercourse with someone (men or women) other than with your husband, at any point of your marriage?” <br />
    16. 16. Data analysis<br />Variables:<br />age at the time of marriage; ranging from age 18-40yrs<br />incidence of infidelity occurred during marriage <br />use correlation analysis: age at marriage and incidence of infidelity <br />
    17. 17. Data analysis<br />Method: Use of a survey<br />Survey will determine: Those who committed adultery <br />Measured with a comparison and analyzed<br />Considering age at their time of marriage and the onset of unfaithfulness<br />Correlation test used; looking for relationship between infidelity found and age at time of marriage<br />
    18. 18. References<br />Allen, E.S., Rhoades, G.K., Stanley, S.M., Markman, H.J., & Melton, J. (2008). Premarital precursors of marital infidelity. Family Process, 47(2), 243-259. Retrieved Thursday, March 10, 2011 from the PsycINFO database.<br />Amato, P.R., & Rogers, S. (1997). A longitudinal study of marital problems and subsequent divorce. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 59(3), 612-624., doi:10.2307/353949<br />Amato,P.R., & Previti, D. (2003) People’s reasons for divorcing: Gender, social class, the life course, and adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 602-626.<br />Dollahite, D.C., & Lambert, N.M. (2007). Forsaking all others: How religious involvement promotes marital fidelity in Christians, Jewish, and Muslim couples. Review of Relgious Research, 48, 290-307.<br />Gottman, JM, & Silver, N. (1999). The seven principles for making marriage work.New York, NY: Three Rivers Press.<br />
    19. 19. References cont.<br />Shackelford, T., Besser, A., & Goetz, A. (2008). Personality, martial satisfaction, and probability of marital infidelity. Individual Differences Research, 6(1), 13-25. Retrieved Thursday, March 10, 2011 from the PsycINFOdatabase.<br />Treas, J., & Giesen, D. (2000). Sexual infidelity among married and cohabiting Americans. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 62(1), 48-60. Retrieved Thursday, March 10, 2011 from the PsycINFO database.<br />Whisman, M., Gordon, K., & Chatav, Y. (2007). Predicting sexual infidelity in a population-based sample of married individuals. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(2), 320-324. Retrieved Thursday, March 10, 2011 from the PsycINFOdatabase.<br />Wiederman, M.W., & Allgeier, E.R. (1996). Expectations and attributions regarding extramarital sex among young married individuals. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 8, 21-35.<br />