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Measles, mumps and rubella
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Measles, mumps and rubella

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  • 1. Measles, Mumps and Rubella
    May 25, 2011
    Lauren Gentner
  • 2. Measles
    Rubella
    Mumps
  • 3. Measles
  • 4. Measles
    What is it?
    Rash caused by a virus
    Causes
    A viral infection spread through contact of droplets from the nose, eye, mouth and throat
    Incidence
    Those who have had vaccinations or have previously contracted the measles are now immune to re-infection
  • 5. Measles (cont.)
    Symptoms
    Bloodshot eyes
    Cough
    Fever
    Sensitivity to light
    Muscle Pain
    Rash (itchy, red areas that spread together)
    Redness and/or irritation of the eyes
    Runny nose
    Sore throat
    White spots in the mouth (Koplik’s spots)
  • 6. Measles (cont.)
    Risk Factor
    Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism
    Test
    Serology for measles
    Treatment
    No specific treatment
    Acetaminophen
    Bed rest
    Humid air
  • 7. Measles (cont.)
    Prevention
    Routine immunization
    Taking serum immune globulin 6 days after exposure could reduce or prevent the effects of the virus
    Complications
    Bronchitis
    Encephalitis
    Ear infection
    Pneumonia
  • 8. Mumps
  • 9. Mumps
    What is it?
    Painful swelling of the salivary glands
    Causes
    Mumps is a virus spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets (i.e. sneezing)
    Incidence
    Most common in 2-12 year olds
    Contracting after exposure to the virus usually takes 12-24 days
  • 10. Mumps (cont.)
    Symptoms
    Pain in the face
    Fever
    Headache
    Sore throat
    Swelling of the salivary glands
    Swelling of the jaw
    Specific to men:
    Testicle pain or lump
    Swelling of the scrotum
  • 11. Mumps (cont.)
    Risk Factor
    Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism
    Test
    Physically examining the salivary glands for swelling (not test)
    Treatment
    No specific treatment
    Ice or heat packs and acetaminophen for pain
  • 12. Mumps (cont.)
    Prevention
    MMR immunization between the age of:
    12-15 months
    Again between 4-6 years
    Again between 11-12 years
  • 13. Rubella
  • 14. Rubella
    What is it?
    Also known as German measles or three-day measles
    Causes
    Rubella is a virus spread from person-to-person through air or close contact
    Incidence
    The virus is spread from 1 week before the rash begins, to 1-2 weeks after the rash is gone
  • 15. Rubella (cont.)
    Symptoms
    Inflammation or bloodshot eyes
    Muscle or joint pain
    Bruising is a rare symptom
    Fever (adults)
    Headache (adults)
    Runny nose (adults)
  • 16. Rubella (cont.)
    Risk Factor
    Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism
    MMR vaccine wears off in adults
    Test
    Nasal or throat swab sent for a culture
    Treatment
    No specific treatment
    Acetaminophen for fever
  • 17. Rubella (cont.)
    Prevention
    MMR immunization between the age of:
    12-15 months
    Again between 4-6 years
  • 18. Work Cited
    Kaneshiro, Neil K., and David Zieve. "Measles."PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 26/7/2010. Web. 28 April 2011. <http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.
    Kaneshiro, Neil K. "Rubella." PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 24 January 2011. Web. 24 May 2011. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.
    "Summary of Notifiable Diseases." Center for Disease Control. Center for Disease Control, 24 June 2010. Web. 24 May 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov>.
    Vorvick, Linda J., and David Zieve. "Mumps." PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 13/5/2010. Web. 28 April 2011. <http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.