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Measles, mumps and rubella
 

Measles, mumps and rubella

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    Measles, mumps and rubella Measles, mumps and rubella Presentation Transcript

    • Measles, Mumps and Rubella
      May 25, 2011
      Lauren Gentner
    • Measles
      Rubella
      Mumps
    • Measles
    • Measles
      What is it?
      Rash caused by a virus
      Causes
      A viral infection spread through contact of droplets from the nose, eye, mouth and throat
      Incidence
      Those who have had vaccinations or have previously contracted the measles are now immune to re-infection
    • Measles (cont.)
      Symptoms
      Bloodshot eyes
      Cough
      Fever
      Sensitivity to light
      Muscle Pain
      Rash (itchy, red areas that spread together)
      Redness and/or irritation of the eyes
      Runny nose
      Sore throat
      White spots in the mouth (Koplik’s spots)
    • Measles (cont.)
      Risk Factor
      Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism
      Test
      Serology for measles
      Treatment
      No specific treatment
      Acetaminophen
      Bed rest
      Humid air
    • Measles (cont.)
      Prevention
      Routine immunization
      Taking serum immune globulin 6 days after exposure could reduce or prevent the effects of the virus
      Complications
      Bronchitis
      Encephalitis
      Ear infection
      Pneumonia
    • Mumps
    • Mumps
      What is it?
      Painful swelling of the salivary glands
      Causes
      Mumps is a virus spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets (i.e. sneezing)
      Incidence
      Most common in 2-12 year olds
      Contracting after exposure to the virus usually takes 12-24 days
    • Mumps (cont.)
      Symptoms
      Pain in the face
      Fever
      Headache
      Sore throat
      Swelling of the salivary glands
      Swelling of the jaw
      Specific to men:
      Testicle pain or lump
      Swelling of the scrotum
    • Mumps (cont.)
      Risk Factor
      Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism
      Test
      Physically examining the salivary glands for swelling (not test)
      Treatment
      No specific treatment
      Ice or heat packs and acetaminophen for pain
    • Mumps (cont.)
      Prevention
      MMR immunization between the age of:
      12-15 months
      Again between 4-6 years
      Again between 11-12 years
    • Rubella
    • Rubella
      What is it?
      Also known as German measles or three-day measles
      Causes
      Rubella is a virus spread from person-to-person through air or close contact
      Incidence
      The virus is spread from 1 week before the rash begins, to 1-2 weeks after the rash is gone
    • Rubella (cont.)
      Symptoms
      Inflammation or bloodshot eyes
      Muscle or joint pain
      Bruising is a rare symptom
      Fever (adults)
      Headache (adults)
      Runny nose (adults)
    • Rubella (cont.)
      Risk Factor
      Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism
      MMR vaccine wears off in adults
      Test
      Nasal or throat swab sent for a culture
      Treatment
      No specific treatment
      Acetaminophen for fever
    • Rubella (cont.)
      Prevention
      MMR immunization between the age of:
      12-15 months
      Again between 4-6 years
    • Work Cited
      Kaneshiro, Neil K., and David Zieve. "Measles."PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 26/7/2010. Web. 28 April 2011. <http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.
      Kaneshiro, Neil K. "Rubella." PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 24 January 2011. Web. 24 May 2011. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.
      "Summary of Notifiable Diseases." Center for Disease Control. Center for Disease Control, 24 June 2010. Web. 24 May 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov>.
      Vorvick, Linda J., and David Zieve. "Mumps." PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 13/5/2010. Web. 28 April 2011. <http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.