Types Of Documentary

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  • 1. Types of Documentary•Docusoaps•Reality TV•Fly on the wall•Mixed•Self Reflexive•Docudrama•Fully narrated
  • 2. Docusoaps-Observational genre-Hugely popular-Hybrid (mixed drama)-Long running documentary series, and they follow individuals/groups of people e.g. The Family, BigFat Gypsy Wedding, Driving School, Airport, One Born Every Minute.-Started in the 1990s.-They were a new thing (already has soap operas)-Challenged soap operas.-Millions of viewers.-Have a central protagonist – follow particular characters in detail. The audience then get to knowthe character.-They’re like episodes.
  • 3. Reality TV-Factual television-Can be known as ‘infotanement’-Entertainment and information all in one-Emerged in 1989-1999-Become used to describe new factual TV eg. News, magazine programmes:police, camera, action, 999 etc-Shows useful information in the form of entertainment-Nowadays we have casted reality TV eg. Big Brother, ShipwreckedReality TV is a mix of authentic material with serious information, with a commercial content.When we watch Reality TV there is an element of observation and commentaries through the useof camera work.
  • 4. Fly on the wallThe camera is hidden or unseen. Camera records the eventsthat unfold eg. Big Brother, The Family, Educating Essex.
  • 5. Mixed DocumentaryHas a combination of interviews, observation, actualityfootage, archive material and narration  Links everythingtogether and advances the argument and the narrative.
  • 6. Self ReflexiveThe camera is following someone and they know they’rebeing followed and so they sometimes purposely talk to thecamera eg. The Secret Millionaire.
  • 7. Docudrama-Have reconstruction and re-enactments.-They show the events that happen at the time eg.Crimewatch.
  • 8. Fully Narrative-Has a narrative all the way through-Voiceover is used to display the exposition (argument) and tomake sense of what the audience can see-Voiceover dominates the experience eg. Wildlifedocumentaries, human plant.
  • 9. Differences between documentaries and current affairsSimilaritiesCurrent affairs are things that take place that affect society.-They are journalist lead and aim to address the news, political agenders in more depth thannew bulletins.-They may be arguing a case or proving something wrong.-Reporters frequently appear in vision, but there may be a voiceover eg. The World inAction, Tonight with Trevor Mcdonald.Current affairs are mid way between documentaries and news eg. Newsnight, dispatches.They explore issues/important social developmentsDifferences-Documentaries may take more time to produce.-Current affairs need to get stories together more quickly.