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This is a powerpoint that i did on the history of rock and metal i hope you like it and have fun viewing it i copied and pasted the biographies in it from allmusic or wikipedia i hope that you like …

This is a powerpoint that i did on the history of rock and metal i hope you like it and have fun viewing it i copied and pasted the biographies in it from allmusic or wikipedia i hope that you like it it took months to make but i am finally finished with it i keep adding things too it after i think im done with it it was a fun project i did when i was bored and it mentions everything about rockand metal and has a huge quiz at the end you can watch it if you have the time to i left a couple of the dubstep slides out but they don't matter anyways you will learn so much about everything

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  • 1. Classic Rock And British Pop Progressive Glam Metal Rock Hair Metal Black Metal Power Metal Folk Rock Nu Metal And Southern Rock Dubstep Rock Reggae RockAnd Ballad Rock And Grunge Punk Rock
  • 2.  Elvis Aaron Presleya (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977 ) in tupelo Mississippi was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon, he is widely known by the single name Elvis. He is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King". Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, Presley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, with his family at the age of 13. He began his career there in 1954, working with Sun Records owner Sam Phillips, who wanted to bring the sound of African American music to a wider audience. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was the most important popularizer of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country and rhythm and blues. RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, who would manage the singer for over two decades. Presleys first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel", released in January 1956, was a number one hit. He became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll with a series of network television appearances and chart-topping records. His energized interpretations of songs, many from African American sources, and his uninhibited performance style made him enormously popular—and controversial. In November 1956, he made his film debut in Love Me Tender. Conscripted into military service in 1958, Presley relaunched his recording career two years later with some of his most commercially successful work. He staged few concerts however, and guided by Parker, proceeded to devote much of the 1960s to making Hollywood movies and soundtrack albums, most of them critically derided. In 1968, after seven years away from the stage, he returned to live performance in a celebrated comeback television special that led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of profitable tours. In 1973 Presley staged the first concert broadcast globally via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii, seen by approximately 1.5 billion viewers. Prescription drug abuse severely compromised his health, and he died suddenly in 1977 at the age of 42. Presley is regarded as one of the most important figures of 20th-century popular culture. He had a versatile voice and unusually wide success encompassing many genres, including country, pop ballads, gospel, and blues. He is the best-selling solo artist in the history of popular music.[1][2][3][4] Nominated for 14 competitive Grammys, he won three, and received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36. He has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame.
  • 3.  Charles Edward Anderson "Chuck" Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. With songs such as "Maybellene" (1955), "Roll Over Beethoven" (1956), "Rock and Roll Music" (1957) and "Johnny B. Goode" (1958), Chuck Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, with lyrics focusing on teen life and consumerism and utilizing guitar solos and showmanship that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music.[1] Born into a middle class family in St. Louis, Missouri, Berry had an interest in music from an early age and gave his first public performance at Sumner High School. While still a high school student he served a prison sentence for armed robbery between 1944 and 1947. On his release, Berry settled into married life and worked at an automobile assembly plant. By early 1953, influenced by the guitar riffs and showmanship techniques of blues player T-Bone Walker, he was performing in the evenings with the Johnnie Johnson Trio.[2] His break came when he traveled to Chicago in May 1955, and met Muddy Waters, who suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. With Chess he recorded "Maybellene"—Berrys adaptation of the country song "Ida Red"—which sold over a million copies, reaching #1 on Billboards Rhythm and Blues chart. By the end of the 1950s, Berry was an established star with several hit records and film appearances to his name as well as a lucrative touring career. He had also established his own St. Louis-based nightclub, called Berrys Club Bandstand. But in January 1962, Berry was sentenced to three years in prison for offenses under the Mann Act—he had transported a 14-year-old girl across state lines.[2][3][4] After his release in 1963, Berry had several more hits, including "No Particular Place to Go", "You Never Can Tell", and "Nadine", but these did not achieve the same success, or lasting impact, of his 1950s songs, and by the 1970s he was more in demand as a nostalgic live performer, playing his past hits with local backup bands of variable quality. [2] His insistence on being paid cash led to a jail sentence in 1979—four months and community service for tax evasion. Berry was among the first musicians to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on its opening in 1986, with the comment that he "laid the groundwork for not only a rock and roll sound but a rock and roll stance."[5] Berry is included in several Rolling Stone "Greatest of All Time" lists, including being ranked fifth on their 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[6] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fames 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll included three of Chuck Berrys songs: "Johnny B. Goode", "Maybellene", and "Rock and Roll Music".[7] Today – at the age of 85 – Berry continues to play live. Born in St. Louis, Missouri,[8] Berry was the fourth child in a family of six. He grew up in the north St. Louis neighborhood known as "The Ville," an area where many middle class St. Louis people lived at the time. His father, Henry, was a contractor and deacon of a nearby Baptist church, his mother Martha a certified public school principal. His middle class upbringing allowed him to pursue his interest in music from an early age and he gave his first public performance in 1941 while still at Sumner High School.[9] Just three years later, in 1944, while still at Sumner High School, he was arrested and convicted of armed robbery after robbing three shops in Kansas City and then stealing a car at gunpoint with some friends.[10][11] Berrys own account in his autobiography is that his car broke down and he then flagged down a passing car and stole it at gunpoint with a non-functional pistol.[12][13] Berry was sent to the Intermediate Reformatory for Young Men at Algoa, near Jefferson City, Missouri,[8] where he formed a singing quartet and did some boxing.[10] After his release from prison on his 21st birthday in 1947, Berry married Themetta "Toddy" Suggs on 28 October 1948, who gave birth to Darlin Ingrid Berry on 3 October 1950.[14] Berry supported his family doing a number of jobs in St. Louis: working briefly as a factory worker at two automobile assembly plants, as well as being janitor for the apartment building where he and his wife lived. Afterwards he trained as a beautician at the Poro College of Cosmetology, founded by Annie Turnbo Malone.[15] He was doing well enough by 1950 to buy a "small three room brick cottage with a bath" in Whittier Street, [16] which is now listed as the Chuck Berry House on the National Register of Historic Places.[17] By the early 1950s, Berry was working with local bands in the clubs of St. Louis as an extra source of income. [16] He had been playing the blues since his teens, and he borrowed both guitar riffs and showmanship techniques from blues player T-Bone Walker,[18] as well as taking guitar lessons from his friend Ira Harris that laid the foundation for his guitar style. [19] By early 1953 Berry was performing with Johnnie Johnsons trio, starting a long-time collaboration with the pianist.[20] Although the band played mostly blues and ballads, the most popular music among whites in the area was country. Berry wrote, "Curiosity provoked me to lay a lot of our country stuff on our predominantly black audience and some of our black audience began whispering who is that black hillbilly at the Cosmo? After they laughed at me a few times they began requesting the hillbilly stuff and enjoyed dancing to it." [8] Berrys calculated showmanship, along with mixing country tunes with R&B tunes, and singing in the style of Nat "King" Cole to the music of Muddy Waters, brought in a wider audience, particularly affluent white people.[2][21]
  • 4.  Some religions were against rock and roll while it started Others just listened to it for the music Some believed it was the devil’s music and refused to have their children listen to it This also brought forth censorship in the lyrics As a result some of the heavy bands have had tours canceled in certain areas due to religion
  • 5.  Censorship of music is the practice of restricting free access to musical works. This censorship may stem from a wide variety of motivations, including moral, political, military or religious reasons. Censorship can range from the complete government-enforced legal prohibition of a musical work, to private, voluntary removal of content when a musical work appears in a certain context. Examples of censorship of music range from changed or excluded lyrics (this falls into the category of what is known as “radio edit”), to restricted cover album artwork, to the banning of artists airing on the radio or television for numerous conflicts, such as moral and racist issues. Censorship of U.S. popular music began in the early 1940’s-1950’s, when traditional and conservative values were being challenged by early rock and R&B. “Sex and drugs were no longer hidden and secretive acts, but something to be exposed and celebrated” (Hall, 2009). R&B music began to grasp people’s attention as well, with an emphasis on sexual desires and drug references (Hall, 2009). Many people were appalled by rock and R&B because they were thought to corrupt the young minds of America and promote immoral behavior. Actual censorship began in 1955, when over 30 songs were banned; many of them by black artists. In the early 1970’s and 80’s, music censorship expanded from songs to music videos. Heavy metal rock and rap music were targeted by moral authorities due to the amount of violence that was expressed in the music. For unknown reasons, music videos performed by black artists were not being aired on MTV; that is, until complaints started streaming in from the public. Michael Jackson’s popular hit, “Billie Jean,” was the first video by a black artist to be shown on TV (Hall, 2009). The birthing of the famous black and white parental advisory label occurred in 1990, after the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) urged the music industry and government to create and promote a rating system for music, evaluating the musical content, in 1985.[citation needed] Blanking; when the volume is muted for all or part of the word. Forms of censorship Bleeping; playing a noise, usually a "beep", over all or part of the word. Resampling; using a like-sounding portion of vocals and music to override the offending word. Resinging; Replacing a word with a more appropriate word. Backmasking; taking the offending word and reversing the audio, sometimes the whole audio is reversed (often because it is a home-made job), but more usually only the vocal track is reversed. Repeating; repeating the word just said before the explicit word was used. Skipping; deleting the word from the song without a time delay. Echo; instead of saying a word, it echoes the last word(s) said in the line. Disc scratching; in hip hop, scratching on the word, making it sound like another word, or make the word said faster or slower. RoboVoicing; making the word totally non-understandable by overpowering a robovoice effect (usually used as a last resort for home-made jobs). Distorting; Usually in Hip-Hop, less offensive words are distorted. It is usually done by shifting down the pitch.[cita
  • 6.  Metal and Heavy metal music began in the late 1960’s early 70’s It began largely in the midlands of the United Kingdom(Great Britain)and the United States The first heavy metal bands to emerge were Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, and Deep Purple It emerged from Psychedelic rock and blues styles with heavy riffs and distortion
  • 7.  Ronald James Padavona was a very influential American heavy metal artist and songwriter He was born in portsmouth new hampshire to Italian parents then thry moved to cortland new York in his young years Ronnie James Dio played the trumpet,french horn,and bass guitar and was a songwriter for many bands Dio was the lead singer in 5 famous bands They were Elf,Rainbow,Black Sabbath,His band Dio,and Heaven and Hell Dio bands timeline Dio had success for over 50 years The Vegas Kings (1957–1958) Ronnie & The Rumblers (1958) Ronnie & The Red Caps (1958–1961) Ronnie Dio & The Prophets (1961–1967) The Electric Elves (1967–1969) The Elves (1969–1970) Elf (1970–1975) Rainbow (1975–1979) Black Sabbath (1979–1982) Dio (1982–1991) Hear n Aid (1985) Black Sabbath (1991–1992) Dio (1993–2010) Black Sabbath (2006) (Recording of three new songs for Black Sabbath: The Dio Years) Heaven & Hell (2006–2010)
  • 8. The early-70s rock outfit Elf is best-known as the group that gavesinger Ronnie James Dio his start and he would eventually set hissights on a tougher, metallic sound, fronting the likes of Rainbow,Black Sabbath, and his own solo band, Dio. The group went throughseveral name changes in the late 60s (the Electric Elves, the Elves),before settling simply on Elf and issuing a self-titled debut recordingfor Epic in 1972, produced by Deep Purple bassist Roger Glover. Thegroups best-known lineup consisted of Dio (who was at this timegoing by his real name, Ronald Padavona, and also doubling on bass),guitarist David Feinstein, guitarist/keyboardist Micky Lee Soule, anddrummer Gary Driscoll. The album went largely unnoticed, as did thegroups subsequent two other releases, L.A./59 (issued under the titleCarolina Country Ball outside of the U.S.) and Trying to Burn the Sun,as the group guested on Roger Glovers 1974 album The Butterfly Balland the Grasshoppers Feast. Through their affiliation with Glover, Elfwas brought to the attention of former Purple leader/guitarist RitchieBlackmore, who invited the entire group (sans their guitarist) to joinforces as the prog metal outfit Rainbow, resulting in the release of aself-titled effort in 1975. Slowly but surely, however, Rainbow turnedout to be nothing more than a solo vehicle for Blackmore rather thana true band and the former Elf members left the group one by onebefore Dio was the last one remaining until eventually leaving thegroup himself in 1978.
  • 9. Disillusioned and fed up with the chaotic state of Deep Purple in the mid- 70s, guitarist Ritchie Blackmore made the stunning announcement in May of 1975 that he was quitting the group he had founded and led for overThe brainchild of former Deep Purple guitarist seven years in order to start from scratch. Teaming up with up-and-comingRitchie Blackmore, Rainbow quickly developed into American vocalist Ronnie James Dio, Blackmore built Rainbow around the singers former band Elf, minus their guitarist David Feinstein. Featuringone of the 70s most successful heavy metal bands bassist Craig Gruber, keyboard player Mickey Lee Soule, and drummer Garybehind charismatic front man Ronnie James Dio. Driscoll, the groups 1975 debut Ritchie Blackmores Rainbow was quicklyTogether, the duo would produce a string of embraced by European fans and yielded their first hit single, "Man on the Silver Mountain." Blackmore and Dio were dissatisfied with the albumsacclaimed albums which are still considered classics sound, however, and decided to re-vamp Rainbow (by then sufficientlyof the genre. But the group would change their established to do without Blackmores name) by drafting bassist Jimmymusical approach numerous times following the Bain, keyboard player Tony Carey, and former Jeff Beck Group drummer Cozy Powell. It was with this lineup that they entered Musicland studios insingers departure, eventually confusing and February 1976 to record the landmark Rising opus -- once voted thealienating much of their audience. Releasing eight greatest heavy metal album of all time in a 1981 Kerrang! magazinealbums during its decade long run, the band finally readers poll. Capturing Blackmore and Dio at the peak of their creative powers, Rising chronicled both the guitarists neo-classical metalcame to an end when Blackmore departed to rejoin compositions at their most ambitious, and the singers growing fixationhis old Deep Purple comrades in a full-fledged with fantasy lyrical themes -- a blueprint he would adopt for his entirereunion in 1984. And while the impact of Rainbows career thereafter. Following its release, the band embarked upon a successful world tour, culminating in a sold out European jaunt whichinfluence has faded with the intervening decades, spawned a best-selling live album entitled On Stage, released in 1977.theirs was a crucial chapter in the development ofheavy metal and hard rock.
  • 10. For a brief spell during the mid-80s, the heavy metal quintet Dio were one of the top U.S. concertattractions, boasting one of the most over the top stage acts of its time loaded with props andspecial effects (lasers, explosions, a giant dragon, etc.). The groups leader was singer RonnieJames Dio, who had previously become acquainted with the metal masses as the frontman ofRitchie Blackmores Rainbow from 1975-1978 and Black Sabbath from 1979-1982. Come the early80s, Ronnie James was ready to finally head out on his own, forming Dio and recruiting a stellarbacking band, consisting of a few former bandmembers, ex-Rainbow bassist Jimmy Bain and ex-Black Sabbath drummer Vinny Appice (Carmine Appices brother), in addition to ex-SweetSavage guitar shredder Vivian Campbell. Lyrically, the group would retain the same subjectmatter that Ronnie James specialized in with his previous outfits (dungeons and dragons, swordsand sorcery, damsels in distress, etc.), but musically, Dio were more melodically based thanRainbow or Sabbath. The group scored a hit right off the bat with its 1983 debut release, HolyDiver, which spawned such popular MTV videos as "Rainbow in the Dark," as well as its title track.For their sophomore effort, 1984s The Last in Line, the band expanded its lineup to include keyboardist ClaudeSchnell, as the album would become the biggest hit of Dios career (on the strength of another MTV-approvedvideo, for the albums anthemic title track) and the group became an arena headliner. Although Dios nextrelease, 1985s Sacred Heart, was commercially successful, Campbell had become disillusioned by the groupsdirection and split from the group a year later. Just prior to Campbells exit, the entire Dio band helped organizeHear n Aid, an all-star assembly of heavy metal artists that recorded a track called "Stars," which helped fightworld hunger (a subsequent album was issued as well, collecting previously unreleased live tracks from a few ofthe days top hard rock acts). Former Giuffria guitarist Craig Goldy took Campbells place, resulting in suchreleases as 1986s live EP Intermission and 1987s Dream Evil, which retained the groups headbangingaudience, but failed to expand upon it as its previous releases had.
  • 11. Black Sabbath are an English rock band, formed in Aston, Birmingham in 1969 by OzzyOsbourne (lead vocals), Tony Iommi (guitar), Geezer Butler (bass guitar), and Bill Ward (drums).The band has since experienced multiple line-up changes, with Tony Iommi the only constantpresence in the band through the years. Originally formed in 1968 as a heavy blues rock bandnamed Earth and renamed to Black Sabbath in 1969,[1] the band began incorporating occult andhorror-inspired lyrics with tuned-down guitars and achieving multiple platinum records in the1970s. Despite an association with occult and horror themes, Black Sabbath also composedsongs dealing with social instability, political corruption, the dangers of drug abuse andapocalyptic prophesies of the horrors of war.Black Sabbath are cited as pioneers of heavy metal.[2][3] The band helped define the genre withreleases such as quadruple-platinum Paranoid, released in 1970.[4] They were ranked by MTV asthe "Greatest Metal Band" of all time,[5] and placed second in VH1s "100 Greatest Artists of HardRock" list, behind Led Zeppelin.[6] Rolling Stone called the band "the heavy-metal kings of the70s".[7] They have sold over 15 million records in the United States[8] and over 70 million recordsworldwide.[9] Black Sabbath were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006, and wereincluded among Rolling Stones list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[10]Vocalist Ozzy Osbournes heavy alcohol and drug usage led to him being fired from the band inApril 1979, after which he began a successful solo career, selling over 55 million albums. He wasreplaced by former Rainbow vocalist Ronnie James Dio. After a few albums with Dios vocals andsongwriting collaborations, Black Sabbath endured a revolving line-up in the 1980s and 1990sthat included vocalists Ian Gillan, Glenn Hughes, Ray Gillen and Tony Martin. In 1992, Iommi andButler rejoined Dio and drummer Vinny Appice to record Dehumanizer. The original line-upreunited with Osbourne in 1997 and released a live album Reunion. The line-up featuring Iommi,Butler, Dio, and Appice reformed in 2006 under the moniker Heaven & Hell until Dios death on16 May 2010.On 11 November 2011, the original band members announced that they were reuniting andrecording a new album.[11] The band are scheduled to perform a headlining slot at the DownloadFestival on 10 June 2012, followed by a world tour.[12] On 2 February 2012, Ward announced thathe would not participate in the Black Sabbath reunion unless he was given a "signable contract."The following day, the other group members announced they had "no choice but to continuerecording without him," but said "our door is always open" for Ward to return to the band
  • 12. Formed in 2006 after late-era Black Sabbath membersRonnie James Dio, Tony Iommi, Geezer Butler, and VinnyAppice reunited after a 15-year hiatus for three new trackson the DioYears compilation, Heaven & Hell, named afterSabbaths first recording with Dio in 1980, toured under themoniker in 2007 and released the two-disc CD/DVD Livefrom Radio City Music Hall later that year. The bands firstfull-length studio recording, Devil You Know, arrived in2009. However, in November of that year Dios wife,Wendy, announced that Dio was suffering from stomachcancer, although indicating that the disease was in its earlystages and expressing hope for a full recovery and return toperforming. Nevertheless, Heaven & Hell subsequentlycanceled their summer 2010 touring plans and, sadly,Ronnie James Dio succumbed to the disease on May 16,2010, at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, TX.
  • 13.  The Rock and roll hand symbol or the Devil Horns was a symbol of respect for the bands This was a very popular sign used by The Great Italian Rock Singer Ronnie James Padavona(Dio) in the late 1970’s then soon after some bands started using it
  • 14. R.J. Dio – "I doubt very much if I would be the first onewho ever did that. Thats like saying I invented thewheel, Im sure someone did that at some other point.I think youd have to say that I made it fashionable. Iused it so much and all the time and it had become mytrademark until the Britney Spears audience decidedto do it as well. So it kind of lost its meaning with that.But it was...I was in Sabbath at the time. It was symbolthat I thought was reflective of what that band wassupposed to be all about. Its NOT the devils sign likewere here with the devil. Its an Italian thing I gotfrom my Grandmother called the "Malocchio". Its toward off the Evil Eye or to give the Evil Eye,depending on which way you do it. Its just a symbolbut it had magical incantations and attitudes to it andI felt it worked very well with Sabbath. So I becamevery noted for it and then everybody else started topick up on it and away it went. But I would never say Itake credit for being the first to do it. I say because Idid it so much that it became the symbol of rock androll of some kind."[7]
  • 15.  Many Rock and roll bands dressed in denim ,Leather And Lace They Had big hair and a lot wore makeup And some of them were covered in tattoos
  • 16.  Rock and roll also served as a business as well as a hobby The merchandising and ticket sales for these bands led half of the money to them and another half to their companies Merchandising of t shirts and licensed band materials as well as signatures always costed people extra so the bands can make money Some bands will only sign new stuff or get pictures with VIPs
  • 17.  One of the largest Bands in the business of Rock and Roll was Kiss Kiss was a huge logo for all fans of Rock and roll in the 1970’s and still today They have one of the largest online stores They run and support a lot of charities Paul Stanley and Gene Simmons are seen on television a lot Their bass player Gene Simmons is the co founder of the band and a huge business man Kiss became known as The Hottest Band in the World and they started music in 1973
  • 18.  The 1950’s was the time period where most Rock And Roll began to form It was a form of Classic ,Blues,Swing, And Jazz styles It started a revolution for all kinds of rock and metal
  • 19.  60’s rock was rock music from the 1960’s It was music that was cross between pop,rock,and classical styles It was another very popular era for music
  • 20.  70’s Rock is a rock that started in the 1970’s It was an awesome era for music It was a era of peace love and music 50’s and 60’s rock revolutionized this movement It was an era of all kinds of rock and disco music
  • 21.  80’s Rock was a very popular rock in the 1980’s Hair bands were some of the most popular type of rock in that decade Lots of rockstars were covered in tattoos ,wore denim and leather,some even wore lace It was a very progressive time period for rock and roll
  • 22.  This is the rock of the 1990’s A mixture of all kinds of rock
  • 23.  The very first Woodstock concert brought many hippies and people to celebrate a lot of awesome bands in a 3 night show This influenced rock because all bands were heard live together for the first time It was a concert of peace music and love
  • 24.  Peace & Love is the largest festival[1][dead link] in Sweden and the only one with an outspoken message of Solidarity, Diversity and Understanding [2], which runs through the whole event. It started in 1999 and is located in Borlänge, Sweden. The festival is a part of an organization which is involved in other projects besides the festival in Borlänge. The concept of the Peace & Love festival is to spread the message of Diversity, Solidarity and Understanding. It’s about crossing borders and bringing differing cultures from near and afar together and trying to get people to change their attitudes towards themselves and others. The Peace & Love festival was first held in 1999, as a reaction to the ongoing violence. The first festival was held at a club in central Borlänge, with about 900 attendees. Since then the festival has been held at different locations i central Borlänge. The Peace & Love festival is still one of Scandinavias fastest-growing festivals. In 2006 there were 15,000 visitors per day, with over 37,000 people attending in total. The 10th Peace & Love festival was in 2008 and had a record of 25000 visitors, which made them the second biggest festival in Sweden. [edit] 2008 From the Latin pax, meaning "freedom from civil disorder," the English word came into use in various personal greetings from c.1300 as a translation of the Hebrew shalom. Shalom, cognate with the Arabic "salaam", has multiple meanings: safety, welfare, prosperity, security, fortune, friendliness. The personalized meaning is reflected in a nonviolent lifestyle, which also describes a relationship between any people characterized by respect, justice and goodwill. This later understanding of peace can also pertain to an individuals sense of himself or herself, as to be "at peace" with ones own mind attested in Europe from c.1200. The early English term is also used in the sense of "quiet", reflecting a calm, serene, and meditative approach to the family or group relationships that avoids quarreling and seeks tranquility — an absence of disturbance or agitation. In many languages the word for peace is also used a greeting or a farewell, for example the Hawaiian word Aloha, as well as the Arabic word Salam . In English the word peace is used as a farewell, especially for the dead as in Rest In Peace, RIP. Peace of God" redirects here. For the medieval movement, see Peace and Truce of God. Gari Melchers, Mural of Peace, 1896. The Peace symbol in 1701 displayed by Pope Clement XI. Religious beliefs often seek to identify and address the basic problems of human life, including the conflicts between, among, and within persons. Christians claim Jesus of Nazareth to be the "Prince of Peace", the Messiah Christ who established a Kingdom of Peace where persons, societies, and all of creation are to be healed of evil. For persons to enter this Kingdom and experience peace, Christians believe that one must develop a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, who stated: "Come to me, all you who labor and are burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am meek and humble of heart; and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden light." (Matthew 11:28-30) Buddhists believe that peace can be attained once all suffering ends. To eliminate suffering and achieve this peace, they follow a set of teachings called the Four Noble Truths — a central tenet in Buddhist philosophy. Islam means the way of life to attain peace. The word "Muslim" means the person who submits to Allah in Peace. The submission to Allah (the Arabic proper noun for "The God", One and Only) is based on humility. An attitude of humility within ones own self cannot be accomplished without total rejection of violence and attitude of alliance towards peace. See also: Catholic peace traditions and Peace in Islamic philosophy
  • 25.  Psychedelic rock was a popish rock that started in the late 1960’s It was when every thing was Tie dye One of the first ever rock styles to emerge It was way before classic rock and British pop was a huge influence It sparked a revolution for all types of rock and metal after the woodstock of 69
  • 26.  Classic Rock dates back to early 1950’s It is said that it formed from classical music, blues, folk and hard riffs. Most classic rock bands created their own style by using scales and chords in their own range to make their own music . This kind of music brought forth leeway to our music today Classic Rock sparked creativity for all rock styles beyond their ability
  • 27.  British pop also played a big role in rock and roll It gave them a easy melody to use with all their music It began in the early 1960’s in Britain
  • 28.  Instrumental rock was a soothing rock with no lyrics Some of this type influenced every kind of genre and a lot of awesome solos and shredding It was very popular among everyone because even though there were no lyrics it had meaning
  • 29.  Progressive Rock in the 1970’s combined all kinds of Rock Together to form a unique sound These bands influenced the glam metal and hair metal and all of the metal of today
  • 30.  Glam metal started in the late 1960’s early 70’s Glam metal was a unique style all on its own This genre was a huge influence to millions of bands today because the music was so energetic and definitely related to power metal and European black metal
  • 31.  Shock rock is another popular style of rock that began in the early 1970’s Most of them had unique props when they were on stage It was like glam metal but a little different Most of these bands wore all black and were dressed up Some wore makeup Screamin Jay Hawkins was one of the first influences to this kind of rock
  • 32.  In the early 1980’s Hair metal took its place in rock Hair metal featured guys with big hair and lots of makeup Hair metal was energetic and led to power metal
  • 33.  Doom metal is one of the first types of heavy metal it evolved in the early 1970’s It is a dark sounding metal with distorted sound
  • 34.  After The Wars from the 1950’s to 1980’s the Europeans played a tole in a very heavy style of metal This type of metal had violent and disturbing lyrics This music was banned in US because it was against peoples religions and the lyrics led some people to suicide These bands were so bad and violent they burnt churches in European countries after touring They do bring influence to some of the heaviest metal today
  • 35.  Power Metal brought forth the power in rock of today It was more powerful and energetic than any other type of Rock This rock had people air guitaring the riffs It is very popular among teens and adults for years The Game Dungeons and dragons was believed to give these bands ideas of props on stage and for music videos
  • 36.  Ballad Rock was the soft touch to rock music that many bands use to remain famous
  • 37.  Folk rock combines folk music with rock to make it creative Many metal bands are doing this today All the different folk music instruments make a unique touch to all rock music Folk rock also lead to a metal style called Viking Metal They also use some celtic styles in there as well
  • 38.  Folk Metal is a type of metal that originated in European countries It started in the late 1980’s early 90’s It was Power metal that was very heavy with a twist of folk and classical music alot of the bands sang in all different kinds of languages including English This type of music is also known as Viking metal Most of these bands dress in plated armor and carry weapons as props for performance
  • 39.  Indie rock began in the late 80’s early 90’s Indie rock was a type of alternative rock that had a new age style It was cross between alternative and modern rock It also had some grunge influence as well
  • 40.  In the early 1990’S grunge rock began to form It was a style of rough rock combined with distorted riffs and down tuned instruments It first emerged in Seattle Washington The Ramones was a punk band that influenced this kind of music Grunge is still popular in forms of music from the 1990’s and up
  • 41.  Nu metal in the 1990’s combined Rap with rock to create a new mix of music It was believed to come from bands like Anthrax and Slayer and other forms of thrash metal It created a direction for our modern rock of today
  • 42.  Punk rock has emerged since the early 1970’s It plays a huge tole in the rock of today It created a rowdy kind of music that is found in todays metal and rock The Ramones and mc5 influenced punk music largely
  • 43.  Country ,Blues , and Jazz is combined to make southern Rock Southern rock began in the early 1970’s and made leeway to all rock bands of today
  • 44.  This movement led to many music acts and led to what we call reggae rock Reggae rock is a style of reggae Bob Marley styles and rock to create a new alternative to rock Also known as stoner rock
  • 45.  Electronic Rock is Rock Music that you can dance too It was a genre that came about in the late 1970’s early 80’s It brought forth Dubstep Metal
  • 46.  Pop rock was a popish kind of rock It is a genre that has been around since the 1960’s A very popular kind of rock of today
  • 47.  Dubstep metal is a new modern style of rock that puts rock and electronic music together
  • 48. 1. Thunderkiss Robot Rock 65( Rob Zombie- Thunderkiss 65 and Daft Punk-Robot Rock)2. Rock and roll will take you through the sandstorm ( Skrillex-Rock and roll will take you to the mountain and Darude-Sandstorm)3. Scary Monsters and nice Robot men ( Scorpions-Robot man and Skrillex-Scary monsters and nice sprites4. Mr.Roboto can feel the beat ( Styx-Mr.Roboto and Darude-I Can feel the beat5. Icarus on wings of steel one more time-( Kansas-Icarus borne on wings of steel and Daftpunk- one more time6. Run to the hills with funk-(Iron maiden –run to the hills and Daftpunk- Da Funk)7. I Can’t dance to the music ( Genesis-I can’t dance and Daft punk-Musique)8. Turbo Lover around the world ( Judas Priest –Turbo lover and Daft Punk –Around the world9. Party rockin in the free world (Lmfao –Party rock anthem and Neil Young Rockin in the free world)10. Im dio and I know it- Lmfao and dio11. Sorry for kick starting my heart (Motley crue –kickstart my heart and Lmfao Sorry for party rocking12. Leave it technologic daft punk and yes13. Money harder better faster stronger –Pink floyd and Daft punk14. Shake Shake senora there’s a bungle in the jungle-Jethro tull and Pitbull15. Satellites I like them –The hooters and Pitbull16. Rio Rain over me- Duran duran and Pitbull17. Jump And get ready to rumble-Van halen and Jock jams18. It’s the final countdown out of control-Europe and darude19. Viva la vida if I could fly-Coldplay and Joe satriani
  • 49.  Blues Rock is a style that combines blues and rock together It is another more commonly used rock
  • 50.  Mainstream rock was rock that was in between progressive and alternative styles Mainstream rock began in the late 80’s early 90’s It was a very powerful genre
  • 51.  Alternative rock combines many styles of music together with rock and roll and is on a lot of radio stations The most common rock genre of today
  • 52.  Gospel Rock also plays a role in Rock styles today Many classic rock bands wore crosses to show they were religious so over religious people wouldn’t feel offended by their music Black Sabbath was the first band that followed that movement Gospel is rock that is religion friendly
  • 53.  Pete Townsend of The Who was the first rock artist to start smashing guitars Ronnie James Dio created the rock and roll hand symbol Iron Maiden first did the ohwheyohwheyoh! On the stage Kiss was the first band to dress up in costumes on the stage Little Richard was the first artist to wear make up
  • 54.  Thrash metal is in between Hard and Heavy Metal It began in the late 1980’s It is a very popular and still modern rock of today
  • 55.  Symphonic Metal was a style that has started in the 1990’s It is still very popular today It is a mixture of classical and folk and hard rock Most symphonic bands had female singers Some did not Most came from Europe It combines keyboards and guitars together
  • 56.  Finnish symphonic metal also played a huge part Similar to Symphonic metal but way deeper sound It was like high end power metal A very popular genre of rock today It started in late 1990’s and early 2000’s
  • 57.  New age is a type of instrumental rock with nature sounds It began in the late 1980’s It is a soothing kind of rock with alternative style With a pop style too
  • 58.  Neoclassical is instrumental classical music mixed with modern rock to make a very unique sound It is very similar to symphonic rock It is one of the most underrated genres of rock and roll It also shows some bits of blues and folk in this style as well It began in European Countries Uli Jon Roth started this genre when he started his sky orchestra project Trans Siberian orchestra from Russia followed after
  • 59.  Girl bands began in the late 1970’s to 1980’s They were rock bands of all girls Just as popular as the guy bands
  • 60.  Soft Rock is a soft Rock created from soul ,blues , and classical music Soft rock is very popular in alternative music today It began as early as the late 60’s to 1970’s
  • 61.  Arena Rock is the most energetic kind of rock out there Arena rock is usually performed in huge arenas It began in the late 1980’s and is still very popular in todays world of rock and metal It is another type of hair metal
  • 62.  Modern rock is our present day kind of rock with a mix between heavy and soft rock and classical rock It is the most popular rock genre played on the radio today The modern metal is metal that is a mixture of all types of metal and most of it is death metal or folk metal
  • 63.  These are album covers that got banned due to content and were replaced with band pictures It was due to government laws Some of these were banned from stores until the cover was changed It was all part of making better content even though the bands thought the covers were not offensive
  • 64.  American Rock is Rock that originated in America It is the most common type of rock music heard on the radio today
  • 65.  Canadian Rock is a genre of Rock that originated in Canada Some of the most popular new and old bands made very good music from Canada Canadian Rock was a mixture of all kinds of rock genres in French and English
  • 66.  British metal is a type of genre that is hair metal or power metal that came from Britain It started in early 1970’s and still popular today
  • 67.  German Hard rock was a type of hard rock that originated in Germany and the lyrics were in German It was a unique genre although some of these bands sing in English as well as German and other languages Scorpions was one of the very first German hard rock bands they began in 1965 and Rudolf Schenker was their founder
  • 68.  The Scorpions are a rock band from Hannover, Germany formed in 1965 by guitarist Rudolf Schenker, who is the bands only constant member.[9][10][11] They are known for their 1980s rock anthem "Rock You Like a Hurricane" and many singles, such as "No One Like You", "Send Me an Angel", "Still Loving You", and "Wind of Change". The band was ranked #46 on VH1s Greatest Artists of Hard Rock program.[12] "Rock You Like a Hurricane" is also #18 on VH1s list of the 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs.[13] On January 24, 2010, after 46 years of performing, the band announced that they will be retiring after touring in support of their new album Sting in the Tail.[14][15] The band sold over 100 million albums worldwide.[16] Rudolf Schenker, the bands rhythm guitarist launched the band in 1965. At first, the band had beat influences and Schenker himself did the vocals. Things began to come together in 1970 when Schenkers younger brother Michael and vocalist Klaus Meine joined the band. In 1972, the group recorded and released their debut album Lonesome Crow, with Lothar Heimberg on bass and Wolfgang Dziony on drums. During the Lonesome Crow tour, Scorpions opened for upcoming British band UFO. Near the end of the tour, the members of UFO offered guitarist Michael Schenker the lead guitar job, an offer which he soon accepted. Uli Roth, a friend of the Schenker brothers, was then called in temporarily to finish off the tour. The departure of Michael Schenker led to the breakup of the band. In 1973, Uli Roth, who had helped Scorpions complete the Lonesome Crow tour, was offered the role as lead guitarist, but turned the band down, preferring instead to remain in the band Dawn Road. Rudolf Schenker eventually decided that he wanted to work with Roth, but did not want to resurrect the last Scorpions lineup. He attended some of Dawn Roads rehearsals and ultimately decided to join the band, which consisted of Roth, Francis Buchholz (bass), Achim Kirschning (keyboards) and Jürgen Rosenthal (drums). Roth and Buchholz persuaded Rudolf Schenker to invite Klaus Meine to join on vocals, which he soon did. While there were more members of Dawn Road than Scorpions in the band, they decided to use the Scorpions name because it was well known in the German hard rock scene and an album had been released under that name.[
  • 69.  Some of these bands grew tired of not having enough fans so they start having reality shows about their life It soon draws more attention to their fans They do it so that people can see what their life is like and support them for why they put themselves on television with their families or if they are looking for friends there are a lot of reasons behind it
  • 70.  Jazz Rock was a beginning style of rock that incorporated jazz with rock It began as early as the 1950’s Lou Armstrong was one of the big influences of this type of rock
  • 71.  Latin Rock was a form of rock and latin music together to make a unique sound
  • 72.  Many rock and Roll Artists appeared in movies That also brought by to their fame They were very famous in hollywood
  • 73. Steven Siro Vai (born June 6, 1960) is anAmerican guitarist, songwriter and producer Vai began playing guitar in 1973, at the age ofwho has sold over 15 million albums. Afterstarting his career as a music transcriptionist for 13.[2] In 1974, he took guitar lessons fromFrank Zappa, Vai recorded and toured in guitarist Joe Satriani and played in local bands,Zappas band for two years, from 1980 to 1982.The guitarist began a solo career in 1983, has one of which was called "The Steve Vais". Hereleased eight solo albums and won three was influenced by guitarists including JimiGrammy Awards. Vai has also recorded andtoured with Public Image Ltd., Alcatrazz, David Hendrix, Jeff Beck, Brian May, Jimmy Page,Lee Roth and Whitesnake. Vai has been a Glen Buxton,[3] and jazz fusion guitarist Allanregular touring member of the G3 Concert Tourwhich began in 1996. In 1999 Vai started his own Holdsworth. Vai attended the Berklee Collegerecord label Favored Nations, intending to of Music, afterwards recording a promotionalshowcase as he describes, "...artists that have piece for them in which he spoke aboutattained the highest auditioning for Frank Zappa at age 20.performance level on theirchosen instruments."[1]Steve Vai also designed the ibanez universea seven string jem
  • 74.  Many guitarists had their own designs Some had personalized parts and strings on their guitars They had 6 or more strings or multiple pick ups
  • 75.  If you want to learn some cool facts about some of the most influential guitarists watch these next few slides If you can care less about skip to the end of the PowerPoint it would be cool if you did watch it Ill even throw in some cool videos on youtube and a guitar solos quiz The videos on youtube are of Uli jon roth These guitarists are some of the greatest ones in history and some even designed their own unique instruments to take the quiz at the end of the powerpoint some questions about these guitarists are in there Enter at your own Riff!!!!!!!!!
  • 76.  Ulrich Roth was born December 18 1954 in Dusseldorf West Germany He is commonly known as Uli Jon Roth He is a very famous German guitarist It was believed that uli ‘s influences came from classical artists blues ,and Jimi hendrix style guitar playing He was one of the first musicians and songwriters to begin the genre known as neo classical metal He first appeared as a guitarist for his first band Dawn Road in 1973 Shortly after since scorpions guitarist Michael Schenker left scorpions uli and dawn road became part of Scorpions After Scorpions album Tokyo tapes in 1978 Uli left the band to form his own cool band known as Electric Sun that had 3 albums and featured him on lead guitar and vocals in 1979 The first electric sun album in 1979 Earthquake was dedicated to jimi hendrix Fire wind in 1981 the second album was dedicated to Anwar el sedat an assassinated Egyptian president that tried to make peace in the middle east Beyond the astral skies the third Electric Sun in 1985 was dedicated to Martin Luther King Uli has always used a Stratocaster when he was with Dawn Road,Scorpions,and Electric Sun In the 1980s, Roth commissioned construction of custom guitars with additional frets from master luthier Andreas Demetriou. Andreas developed the concept adding many unique specifications. Uli Jon Roth has had five of these "Sky" guitars handcrafted by the British luthier. To be able to emulate the high notes of a violin, all of the Sky Guitars contain extra frets. The first Sky Guitar (used on the album Beyond the Astral Skies) has 30 frets. Later versions of the Sky Guitar overcame the problem of the higher register frets becoming too narrow by widening the frets by whole steps for the highest notes. In an April 2001 Guitar Player Magazine interview, Roth reports that the guitars are either fretless above the 30th fret or have whole step fret spacing above the 27th fret, with 35 effective (half step) frets. All of the Sky guitars with frets have extensive fretboard scalloping as is favored by Swedish guitarist Yngwie Malmsteen (who was influenced greatly by Roth) and many neoclassical metal guitarists. The Sky guitars pickups are custom 4-coil humbuckers made by John Oram, with one guitar having an Oram pickup hidden under the 24th fret.[3] The guitars named Mighty Wing and Destiny have 7 strings and the others have 6 strings. The 7th string is a low B.[4] Roth preferred amplifier is currently the Framus Dragon, and he uses a stalk mounted Vibesware guitar resonator (sustainer) to introduce infinite sustain during solos[5] both live, and on the song "Benediction" from "Under a Dark Sky“.
  • 77. Electric Sun was a music group formed by Uli Jon Roth inHannover Germany after his departure from the Scorpionsin 1978. They recorded three albums between 1979 and1985. he played a fender Stratocaster at this timeThe first album, Earthquake, was released in 1979 andfeatures guitarist/vocalist Roth, bassist Ule Ritgen anddrummer Clive Edwards. Edwards departed quickly afterrecording the first album.Fire Wind came next in 1981, featuring new drummerSidhatta Gautama. The band toured for a few yearsafterwards. While the first two albums were a trio format,the third album was more of an ensemble project. Veterandrummer Clive Bunker, formerly of Jethro Tull, appeared, asdid Ritgen, vocalist Michael Flexig (have a look below) andguest vocalist Nicky Moore, as well as an array of additionalvarious singers and orchestral musicians. Another feature ofthe album was the invention of Roths Sky Guitar.The name Electric Sun was retired in 1986, and Uli Jon Rothcontinued to pursue his classical-inspired rock under hisown name, as well as focus on other artistic area
  • 78.  Uli Jon Roth created his own orchestra with him on the sky guitar called the sky orchestra They covered a lot of classical pieces in a neoclassical way this began in the early 1980’s He also did some experimental things with the album transcendental sky guitar Metamorphosis of Vivaldis four seasons was one of his most popular sky orchestra albums Sky of Avalon appeared in his newest albums under a dark sky and Prologue to symphonic legends He mainly used his famous sky guitar the might y wing for these albums
  • 79.  The sky guitar was designed by ex scorpions German guitarist Uli Jon Roth aka Ulrich Roth he has been playing for over 50 years and does a lot of neoclassical and blues rock It might have been one of the first 7 strings out there It had 34 frets and lots of octave and pentatonic ability It had a unique body and was a very versatile instrument he can play anything with it it had a tone cross between a violin ,mandolin,and guitar and every fret on it was spaced out by octaves so that he can reach higher notes easier than his strat He had 5 of them for different songs His favorite was known as the Mighty Wing and Dolphin was the very first one that was seen he designed it in the early 1980’s and started the sky orchestra with his 7 string sky guitar within the last 20 years Uli started having Dean Guitars make models of it for 10 to 12,000 Dollars in 6 or 7 string models they call it the Uli Roth Sky there were only 50 of these special guitars to be sold
  • 80.  Steven Siro Vai (born June 6, 1960) is an American guitarist, songwriter and producer who has sold over 15 million albums. After starting his career as a music transcriptionist for Frank Zappa, Vai recorded and toured in Zappas band for two years, from 1980 to 1982. The guitarist began a solo career in 1983, has released eight solo albums and won three Grammy Awards. Vai has also recorded and toured with Public Image Ltd., Alcatrazz, David Lee Roth and Whitesnake. Vai has been a regular touring member of the G3 Concert Tour which began in 1996. In 1999 Vai started his own record label Favored Nations, intending to showcase as he describes, "...artists that have attained the highest performance level on their chosen instruments Vai mailed Frank Zappa a transcription of Zappas "The Black Page", an instrumental for drums, along with a tape of Vais guitar playing. Zappa was so impressed that in 1979, he hired him to transcribe a number of his guitar solos, including some on the Joes Garage album and the Shut Up n Play Yer Guitar series. These transcriptions were published in 1982 in The Frank Zappa Guitar Book. After being hired as a transcriber, Vai did overdubs on many of the guitar parts for Zappas album You Are What You Is. He became a full-fledged band member, going on his first tour with Zappa in the autumn of 1980. One of those early shows with Vai on guitar, recorded in Buffalo, was released in 2007. While touring with Zappas band, Vai sometimes asked audience members to bring musical scores and see if he could sight-read them on the spot. Zappa referred to Vai as his "little Italian virtuoso" and listed him in the liner notes as performing "stunt guitar" or "impossible guitar parts". Vai was a featured artist on the 1993 recording Zappas Universe. In 2006 he returned to Frank Zappa as a special guest on Dweezil Zappas Zappa Plays Zappa tour, alongside friends from his early years with Zappa. After leaving Zappa in 1982 he moved to California, where he recorded his first album Flex-Able, in 1983 (released January 1984) and performed in a couple of bands. In 1985 he replaced Yngwie Malmsteen as lead guitarist in Graham Bonnets Alcatrazz, with whom he recorded the album Disturbing the Peace. Later in 1985, he joined former Van Halen front man David Lee Roths group to record the albums Eat Em and Smile (released July 1986) and Skyscraper (released 1988). In 1986, Vai played with John Lydons Public Image Ltd on their album Album. In 1989, Vai joined Whitesnake, replacing Vivian Campbell. When Adrian Vandenberg injured his wrist shortly before recording was to begin for the album Slip of the Tongue, Vai played all the guitar parts. Vai played on the Alice Cooper album Hey Stoopid, along with Joe Satriani on the song "Feed my Frankenstein." Vai continues to tour regularly, with his own group and with his one-time teacher and fellow guitar instrumentalist friend Joe Satriani on the G3 series of tours. Former David Lee Roth and Mr. Big bassist Billy Sheehan joined him for a world tour. In 1990, Vai released his critically acclaimed solo album Passion and Warfare. The song "For the Love of God" was voted #29 in a readers poll of the 100 greatest guitar solos of all time in Guitar World magazine. In 1994, Vai began writing and recording with Ozzy Osbourne. One track from these sessions, "My Little Man", was released on the Ozzmosis album. Despite Vai penning the track, he does not appear on the album, with his guitar parts replaced by Zakk Wylde. Another track, "Dyin Day", appeared as an instrumental on Vais Fire Garden album. Vais band members in the 90s included drummer Mike Mangini, guitarist Mike Keneally, and bassist Philip Bynoe. In 1994 Vai received a Grammy Award for his performance on the Frank Zappa song Sofa from the album Zappas Universe.
  • 81.  Steven J. "Steve" Morse (born 28 July 1954) is an American guitarist and composer, best known as the founder of the Dixie Dregs, and the guitar player in Deep Purple since 1994. Morses career has encompassed rock, country, funk, jazz, classical, and fusion of these musical genres. In addition to a thriving solo career, he enjoyed a brief stint with Kansas in the mid 80s. Morses father was a minister and his mother a classically trained pianist; both were also psychologists. The family moved to Tennessee, then Ypsilanti, Michigan, where Morse spent his childhood. Although familiar with piano and clarinet, Morse ultimately became interested in guitar after seeing a gentleman finger picking a Dixie melody at a county fair.[citation needed] Morse worked briefly with his brother Dave in a band called The Plague until the family moved to Augusta, Georgia. In the late 60s, he played in a band called Three—named on the day of a local battle of the bands (and finishing 2nd)-- with his older brother; and 12 yr. old keyboardist William Gerald (Jerry) Wooten, a student at the same junior high as, though 1 grade earlier than, the 13 yr. old guitarist. Wooten, at Morses suggestion (after a tryout—with tentative pointers of the solo- and bass-key style on the Doors "Light My Fire", at the home of the young Morse) added bass keys (as well as melodic blues scales learned from Steve) to the band—and was known casually as "Steves Little Brother", by schoolmates and denizens of a local psychedelic youth club, "The Green Onion" where—along with Legion Halls and church functions— the early band performed. Enrolled in the Academy of Richmond County, he met bassist Andy West and, together, they formed the nucleus of the Dixie Grit, adding keyboardist Johnny Carr, guitarist and vocalist Frank Brittingham with Dave Morse drumming. However, this effort was short lived, since covering Led Zeppelin, Cream and the like limited their ability to get higher-paying jobs at local dance halls. West and Morse continued to play as a duet billed as the Dixie Dregs until Morses expulsion from school in the 10th grade (for refusing to cut his hair) enabled his enrolment at the esteemed University of Miami School of Music. During the 1970s, the University of Miami played host to a number of future influential musicians, including Bruce Hornsby, Pat Metheny, Chuck Schuldiner, Jaco Pastorius and others. Andy West also enrolled at the University of Miami and, with Morse, drummer Bart Yarnall, keyboardist Frank Josephs and violinist Allen Sloan, collaborated in a lab project entitled Rock Ensemble II. Rehearsing and performing Morses compositions at the University of Miami brought some attention to his credibility as a composer and player. The group compiled a recording used for promotional efforts in 1975. This recording was eventually released as The Great Spectacular in 1997.
  • 82.  Robert William Gary Moore (4 April 1952[1] – 6 February 2011), was a Northern Irish musician, most widely recognised as a blues singer and guitarist. In a career dating back to the 1960s, Moore played with artists including Phil Lynott and Brian Downey during his teens, leading him to memberships with the Irish bands Skid Row and Thin Lizzy on three separate occasions. Moore shared the stage with such blues and rock luminaries as B.B. King, Albert King, Colosseum II, George Harrison and Greg Lake, as well as having a successful solo career. He guested on a number of albums recorded by high profile musicians, including a cameo appearance playing the lead guitar solo on "Shes My Baby" from Traveling Wilburys Vol. 3. Moore died in his sleep of a heart attack[2] in his hotel room while on holiday in Estepona, Spain, in February 2011. Moore started performing at a young age, having picked up a battered acoustic guitar at the age of eight. He got his first quality guitar at the age of 14, learning to play the right-handed instrument in the standard way despite being left-handed. He moved to Dublin in 1968 at the age of 16. His early musical influences were artists such as Albert King, Elvis Presley, The Shadows and The Beatles. Later, having seen Jimi Hendrix and John Mayalls Bluesbreakers in his home town of Belfast, his own style was developing into a blues-rock sound that would be the dominant form of his career in music. Moores greatest influence in the early days was guitarist Peter Green of Fleetwood Mac who was a mentor to Moore when performing in Dublin. Greens continued influence on Moore was later repaid as a tribute to Green on his 1995 album Blues for Greeny, an album consisting entirely of Green compositions. On this tribute album, Moore played Greens 1959 Les Paul Standard guitar which Green had lent to Moore after leaving Fleetwood Mac. Moore ultimately purchased the guitar, at Greens request, so that "it would have a good home".[5] Moore performing at the Manchester Apollo, 1985 While less popular in the US, Moores work "brought substantial acclaim and commercial success in most other parts of the world – especially in Europe".[6] Throughout his career, Moore was recognised as an influence by many notable guitarists including Vivian Campbell,[7] Patrick Rondat,[8] John Norum, Paul Gilbert,[9] Gus G, Slash, Orianthi, Joe Bonamassa, Adrian Smith, Doug Aldrich, Zakk Wylde,[10] Randy Rhoads, John Sykes and Kirk Hammett[11] He collaborated with a broad range of artists including Phil Lynott, George Harrison, Trilok Gurtu, Dr. Strangely Strange, Colosseum II, Travelling Wilburys, Albert Collins, Jimmy Nail, Mo Foster, Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce, Jim Capaldi, B.B. King, Bob Dylan, Vicki Brown, Cozy Powell, Rod Argent, the Beach Boys, Ozzy Osbourne, Paul Rodgers, Keith Emerson, Roger Daltrey, Albert King and together with Colosseum II with Andrew Lloyd Webber on the composers Variations album in 1978. He experimented with many musical genres, including rock, jazz, blues, country, electric blues, hard rock and heavy metal.[12] In 1968, aged 16, Moore moved to Dublin to join the group Skid Row with Noel Bridgeman and Brendan "Brush" Shiels. It was with this group that he earned a reputation in the music industry, and his association with Phil Lynott began.[3] 3][4] [
  • 83.  Thin Lizzy are an Irish rock band formed in Dublin in 1969. Two of the founding members, drummer Brian Downey and bass guitarist/vocalist Phil Lynott met while still in school. Lynott assumed the role of frontman and led them throughout their recording career of twelve studio albums. Thin Lizzy are best known for their songs "Whiskey in the Jar", "Jailbreak" and "The Boys Are Back in Town", all major international hits still played regularly on hard rock and classic rock radio stations. After Lynotts death in 1986, various incarnations of the band have emerged over the years based around guitarists Scott Gorham and John Sykes, though Sykes left the band in 2009. Lynott, Thin Lizzys de facto leader, was composer or co-composer of almost all of the bands songs, and the first black Irishman to achieve commercial success in the field of hard rock music. Thin Lizzy boasted some of the most critically acclaimed guitarists throughout their history, with Downey and Lynott as the rhythm section, on the drums and bass guitar. As well as being multiracial, the band drew their members not only from both sides of the Irish border but also from both the Catholic and Protestant communities during The Troubles. Their music reflects a wide range of influences, including country music, psychedelic rock, and traditional Irish folk music, but is generally classified as hard rock or sometimes heavy metal. Rolling Stone magazine describes the band as distinctly hard rock, "far apart from the braying mid-70s metal pack".[1] Allmusic critic John Dougan has written that "As the bands creative force, Lynott was a more insightful and intelligent writer than many of his ilk, preferring slice-of-life working-class dramas of love and hate influenced by Bob Dylan, Van Morrison, Bruce Springsteen, and virtually all of the Irish literary tradition."[2] Van Morrison, Jeff Beck and Jimi Hendrix were major influences during the early days of the band, and later influences included American artists Little Feat and Bob Seger. Contents [hide] Thin Lizzy were founded one night in late December 1969 in Dublin, Ireland, when Belfast guitarist Eric Bell met up with organist Eric Wrixon in a pub and found that they shared an ambition to form a group. Both musicians had previously played with Them, fronted by Van Morrison.[3] The same night, they went to see the band Orphanage, which featured vocalist Phil Lynott and drummer Brian Downey. Bell and Wrixon introduced themselves after the gig and suggested the four of them form a band together. Lynott and Downey were aware of Bells good musical reputation,[4] and agreed with the condition that Lynott play bass guitar as well as sing, and that they perform some of his own compositions. [3] In July 1970, Thin Lizzy released a single, "The Farmer"/"I Need You", on EMI with the B-side written by John Dardis, who owned Trend Studios where the single was recorded. The single only sold 283 copies and is now a collectors item. [3] Wrixon left the band before the singles release, meaning there was a greater share of income for the three remaining members.[4] He moved to Europe before returning to Belfast, rejoining his old band, Them.[5] By the end of the year, Thin Lizzy were signed to Decca Records and they travelled to London in January 1971 to record their debut album, Thin Lizzy. The album sold moderately well but did not chart in the UK despite airplay and support from influential DJs John Peel and Kid Jensen.[3] Around March 1971, the band permanently relocated to London, before the release of the unsuccessful "New Day" EP in August.[5] Despite poor sales, Decca agreed to finance the bands second album Shades of a Blue Orphanage, released in March 1972. Like the previous LP, the songs were filled with Lynotts personal anecdotes and references to his life in Dublin and the people he knew there. Musically the style was Celtic, with little warning of the hard rock direction that the band were to take in the future. [3] Again, the album did not chart in the UK. In mid-1972, Thin Lizzy were asked to record an album of Deep Purple covers, which was released under the title Funky Junction Play a Tribute to Deep Purple. No mention was made of Thin Lizzy on the record. Vocals and keyboards were handled by members of another band, Elmer Fudd, and a few instrumental tracks composed by the band were also included on the album. [4] The album was released in January 1973. [edit] "Whiskey in the Jar"
  • 84.  Mark Freuder Knopfler, OBE (born 12 August 1949) is a Scottish-born British guitarist, singer, songwriter, record producer and film score composer. He is best known as the lead guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter for the British rock band Dire Straits, which he co-founded in 1977. After Dire Straits disbanded in 1995, Knopfler went on to record and produce six solo albums, including Golden Heart (1996), Sailing to Philadelphia (2000), and Get Lucky (2009). He has composed and produced film scores for eight films, including Local Hero (1983), Cal (1984), and The Princess Bride (1987).[1] In addition to his work with Dire Straits and as a solo artist and composer, Knopfler has recorded and performed with many prominent musical artists, including Phil Lynott, Chet Atkins, The Chieftains, Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan, Emmylou Harris, Jools Holland, Sonny Landreth, and Van Morrison. He has produced albums for such artists as Tina Turner, Bob Dylan, and Randy Newman. Knopfler is one of the most respected fingerstyle guitarists of the modern rock era, and was ranked 27th on Rolling Stone magazines list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.[2] Knopfler and Dire Straits have sold in excess of 120 million albums to date.[3][4] A four-time Grammy Award winner, Knopfler is the recipient of the Edison Award and the Steiger Award, and holds three honorary doctorate degrees in music from universities in the United Kingdom. Mark Freuder Knopfler was born on 12 August 1949 in Glasgow, Scotland, to an English mother and Hungarian Jewish father—an architect whose anti-fascist sympathies forced him to flee from his native Hungary.[7] The family settled in Knopflers mothers home town of Blyth, Northumberland in North East England when he was 7 years old. He and his younger brother David attended Gosforth Grammar School. Inspired by his uncle Kingsleys harmonica and boogie-woogie piano playing, he wanted to buy an expensive Fiesta Red Fender Stratocaster just like Hank Marvins, but had to settle for a £50 twin-pick-up Höfner Super Solid.[8] During the 1960s, he formed and joined schoolboy bands and listened to singers like Elvis Presley and guitarists Chet Atkins, Scotty Moore, B.B King, Django Reinhardt, Hank Marvin, and James Burton. At 16, he made a local TV appearance as part of a harmony duo, with his classmate Sue Hercombe.[8] In 1968, after studying journalism for a year at Harlow Technical College,[8][9] Knopfler was hired as a junior reporter in Leeds for the Yorkshire Evening Post.[10] Two years later, he decided to further his studies, and went on to graduate with a degree in English at the University of Leeds.[11] In April 1970, while living in Leeds, Knopfler recorded a demo disk of an original song hed written, "Summers Coming My Way". The recording included Mark Knopfler (guitar and vocals), Steve Phillips (second guitar), Dave Johnson (bass), and Paul Granger (percussion). Johnson, Granger, and vocalist Mick Dewhirst played with Mark in the band Silverheels. Upon graduation in 1973, Knopfler moved to London and joined a High Wycombe-based band called Brewers Droop, appearing on the album The Booze Brothers. One night while spending some time with friends, the only guitar available was an old acoustic with a badly warped neck that had been strung with extra-light strings to make it playable. Even so, he found it impossible to play unless he finger-picked it. He said in a later interview, "That was where I found my voice on guitar." After a brief stint with Brewers Droop, Knopfler took a job as a lecturer at Loughton College in Essex—a position he held for three years. Throughout this time, he continued performing with local pub bands, including the Café Racers.[12] He also formed a duo with long-time associate bluesman Steve Phillips called The Duolian String Pickers. By the mid-1970s, Knopfler devoted much of his musical energies to his group, the Café Racers. His brother David moved to London, where he shared a flat with John Illsley—a guitarist who changed over to bass guitar. In April 1977, Mark gave up his flat in Buckhurst Hill and moved in with David and John. The three began playing music together, and soon Mark invited John to join the Café Racers. [13] [ 5][6]
  • 85.  Riley B. King (born September 16, 1925), known by the stage name B.B. King, is an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him at No. 6 on its list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time.[1] According to Edward M. Komara, King "introduced a sophisticated style of soloing based on fluid string bending and shimmering vibrato that would influence virtually every electric blues guitarist that followed."[2] King was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987 King was born in a small cabin on a cotton plantation outside of Berclair, Mississippi, to Albert King and Nora Ella Farr on September 16, 1925. In 1930, when King was four years old, his father abandoned the family, and his mother married another man. Because Nora Ella was too poor to raise her son, King was raised by his maternal grandmother Elnora Farr in Kilmichael, Mississippi.[3] Over the years, King has developed one of the worlds most identifiable guitar styles. He borrowed from Blind Lemon Jefferson, T-Bone Walker and others, integrating his precise and complex vocal-like string bends and his left hand vibrato, both of which have become indispensable components of rock guitarists vocabulary. His economy and phrasing has been a model for thousands of players, from Eric Clapton and George Harrison to Jeff Beck. King has mixed traditional blues, jazz, swing, mainstream pop and jump into a unique sound. In Kings words, "When I sing, I play in my mind; the minute I stop singing orally, I start to sing by playing Lucille." King grew up singing in the gospel choir at Elkhorn Baptist Church in Kilmichael. At age 12, he purchased his first guitar for $15.00[3] although another reference indicates he was given his first guitar by his cousin, Bukka White. In 1943, King left Kilmichael to work as a tractor driver and play guitar with the Famous St. Johns Quartet of Inverness, Mississippi, performing at area churches and on WGRM in Greenwood, Mississippi.[4][5] In 1946, King followed his cousin Bukka White to Memphis, Tennessee. White took him in for the next ten months.[3] However, King shortly returned to Mississippi, where he decided to prepare himself better for the next visit, and returned to West Memphis, Arkansas, two years later in 1948. He performed on Sonny Boy Williamsons radio program on KWEM in West Memphis, Arkansas where he began to develop a local audience for his sound. Kings appearances led to steady engagements at the Sixteenth Avenue Grill in West Memphis and later to a ten-minute spot on the legendary Memphis radio station WDIA. Kings Spot, became so popular, it was expanded and became the Sepia Swing Club. Initially he worked at the local R&B radio station WDIA as a singer and disc jockey, where he gained the nickname Beale Street Blues Boy, later shortened to Blues Boy and finally to B.B.[6][7] It was there that he first met T-Bone Walker. "Once Id heard him for the first time, I knew Id have to have [an electric guitar] myself. Had to have one, short of stealing!", he said.[8 In 1949, King began recording songs under contract with Los Angeles-based RPM Records. Many of Kings early recordings were produced by Sam Phillips, who later founded Sun Records. Before his RPM contract, King had debuted on Bullet Records by issuing the single "Miss Martha King" (1949), which did not chart well. "My very first recordings [in 1949] were for a company out of Nashville called Bullet, the Bullet Record Transcription company," King recalls. "I had horns that very first session. I had Phineas Newborn on piano; his father played drums, and his brother, Calvin, played guitar with me. I had Tuff Green on bass, Ben Branch on tenor sax, his brother, Thomas Branch, on trumpet, and a lady trombone player. The Newborn family were the house band at the famous Plantation Inn in West Memphis." [9] Performing with his famous guitar, Lucille King assembled his own band; the B.B. King Review, under the leadership of Millard Lee. The band initially consisted of Calvin Owens and Kenneth Sands (trumpet), Lawrence Burdin (alto saxophone), George Coleman (tenor saxophone),[10] Floyd Newman (baritone saxophone), Millard Lee (piano), George Joyner (bass) and Earl Forest and Ted Curry (drums). Onzie Horne was a trained musician elicited as an arranger to assist King with his compositions. By his own admission, he cannot play chords well[11] and always relies on improvisation. This was followed by tours across the USA with performances in major theaters in cities such as Washington, D.C., Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit and St. Louis, as well as numerous gigs in small clubs and juke joints of the southern US states. In the winter of 1949, King played at a dance hall in Twist, Arkansas. In order to heat the hall, a barrel half-filled with kerosene was lit, a fairly common practice at the time. During a performance, two men began to fight, knocking over the burning barrel and sending burning fuel across the floor. The hall burst into flames, which triggered an evacuation. Once outside, King realized that he had left his guitar inside the burning building. He entered the blaze to retrieve his beloved guitar, a Gibson semi-hollow electric. Two people died in the fire. The next day, King learned that the two men were fighting over a woman named Lucille. King named that first guitar Lucille, as well as every one he owned since that near-fatal experience, as a reminder never again to do something as stupid as run into a burning building or fight over women.
  • 86.  Richard Williams (born February 1, 1950) is the guitarist for the rock band Kansas, and has been with them since their 1974 self-titled debut album. Williams lost his right eye in a childhood fireworks accident. He wore a prosthetic eye for many years, but now wears an eye patch instead. In the beginning, Williams shared guitar duties with keyboardist/guitarist Kerry Livgren. In the late 1980s, he shared the stage with guitar virtuoso Steve Morse instead. Years later, after some personnel changes in Kansas, Williams found himself as the only guitar player. While Livgrens sound could be described as virtuosic and bright, Williams style was well balanced with his melodic and mellow sound. Williams and Phil Ehart are the only two members of Kansas who have never left the band, and have been present for all Kansas albums to date. Among the songs he co-wrote with the band are "Can I Tell You", "No Room for a Stranger", and the hit "Play the Game Tonight".
  • 87.  The Ibanez Jem was played by Steve Vai Steve Vai experimented with guitars for years His Favorite was his 7 string Jem He had them in many colors including borax swirl He even named his guitars He has a bunch of them The parts and sustain on the Jem gave him lots of Tonality in His Playing and they are famous for the cutaway
  • 88.  The fender strat is another very famous guitar it is played by millions of musicians worldwide Eric Johnson was one of the coolest artists to play stratocasters for his lifetime He plays a unique style of music with his strats Since the late 1950’s strats have been one of the number one solid body electric guitars They were designed by Leo Fender
  • 89.  Clarence Leonidas "Leo" Fender (August 10, 1909 – March 21, 1991) was an American inventor who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, or "Fender" for short. He left the company in the late 1960s, and later founded two other musical instrument companies, MusicMan and G&L Musical Instruments. The guitars, bass guitars, and amplifiers he designed from the 1940s on are still relevant: the Fender Telecaster (1949) was the first mass-produced electric guitar; the Fender Stratocaster (1954) is among the worlds most iconic electric guitars; the Fender Precision Bass (1951) set the standard for electric bass guitars; and the Fender Bassman amplifier, popular enough in its own right, became the basis for later amplifiers (notably by Marshall and Mesa Boogie) that dominated rock and roll music. Clarence Leonidas Fender ("Leo") was born on August 10, 1909, to Clarence Monte Fender and Harriet Elvira Wood, owners of a successful orange grove located between Anaheim and Fullerton, California. From an early age, Fender showed an interest in tinkering with electronics. When he was 13 years old, his uncle, who ran an automotive-electric shop, sent him a box filled with discarded car radio parts, and a battery. The following year, Leo visited his uncles shop in Santa Maria, California, and was fascinated by a radio his uncle had built from spare parts and placed on display in the front of the shop. Leo later claimed that the loud music coming from the speaker of that radio made a lasting impression on him. Soon thereafter, Leo began repairing radios in a small shop in his parents home. In the spring of 1928, Fender graduated from Fullerton Union High School, and entered Fullerton Junior College that fall, as an accounting major. While he was studying to be an accountant, he continued to teach himself electronics, and tinker with radios and other electrical items but never took any kind of electronics course. After college, Fender took a job as a deliveryman for Consolidated Ice and Cold Storage Company in Anaheim, where he later was made the bookkeeper. It was around this time that a local band leader approached Leo, asking him if he could build a public address system for use by the band at dances in Hollywood. Fender was contracted to build six of these PA systems. In 1933, Fender met Esther Klosky, and they were married in 1934. About that time, he took a job as an accountant for the California Highway Department in San Luis Obispo. In a depression government change-up, his job was eliminated, and he then took a job in the accounting department of a tire company. After working there six months, Leo lost his job along with the other accountants in the company.
  • 90.  Eric Johnson (born August 17, 1954) is an American musician, songwriter, and vocalist from Austin, Texas. Best known for his electric guitar skills, Johnson is also a highly proficient acoustic, lap steel, resonator, and bass guitarist as well as an accomplished pianist and vocalist. Johnson has mastered a wide array of musical genres evidenced by the many different styles incorporated in both his studio and live performances including rock, blues, jazz, fusion, soul, folk, New Age, classical, and country and western.[1] Guitar Player magazine has called Johnson "one of the most respected guitarists on the planet".[2] Johnsons stylistic diversity and technical proficiency with the guitar have been praised by Bill Hicks.[3] His 1990 platinum-selling, full-length album, Ah Via Musicom, produced the single, "Cliffs Of Dover", for which Johnson won the 1991 Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance.[4
  • 91.  Yngwie Johann Malmsteen (English pronunciation: /ˈ ɪŋveɪ ˈmɑˈlmstiˈn / ING-vay MAHLM-steen, born June 30, 1963) is a Swedish guitarist, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and bandleader. Malmsteen became known for his neo-classical playing style in heavy metal. Steve Huey of Allmusic stated that, "Yngwie Malmsteen is arguably the most technically accomplished hard rock guitarist to emerge during the 80s."[1] Yngwie malmsteen was born Lars Yngwie Lannerback in Stockholm,Sweden Ritchie Blackmore and Uli Jon Roth were huge influences to him He started guitar when he was 10 years old He has been playing for over 50 years He plays fender stratocasters his favorite one is called the duck because it is a blonde 1972 strat that has donald duck stickers on the back. It is a normal single coil with seymour duncan pickups Malmsteen has stated that he prefers Stratocasters from the period of 1968-1972; he claims that the bigger headstock on these generates more sustain. Malmsteen customizes his guitars by fitting a brass nut, removing the middle string tree and scalloping the fretboard. Malmsteen previously disconnected the tone controls on his guitars but has said that he no longer does this. Malmsteen has previously used DiMarzio pickups - most notably the HS3 and the HS4 (Formerly known as the YJM). Malmsteen would use an HS3 in the bridge and the HS4 in the middle and neck positions. He now uses his signature Seymour Duncan YJM Fury pickups which have been out for the past couple of years or so. In his earlier recordings, Malmsteen used an HS3 in the neck and bridge positions and a disconnected stock fender in the middle. Malmsteen had also use a Fender Telecaster in a tour when in England, 1997.
  • 92. Blackmore was born at Allandale Nursing Home, Weston-super-Richard Hugh "Ritchie" Blackmore (born 14 Mare, Somerset, South WestApril 1945) is a British guitarist and songwriter, England, but moved to Heston, Middlesex (now Greater London)who is known as one of the first guitarists to at the age of two. Although thefuse classical music elements with blues surname Blackmore is thought to be of English origin, his father wasrock.[1] He began his professional career as a of Welsh ancestry and his motherstudio session musician and was subsequently of English.[2] He was 11 when he got his first guitar. His fathera member of Deep Purple, after which bought it for him on certainBlackmore established a successful career conditions, including learning how to play properly, so he tookfronting his own band Rainbow, and later classical guitar lessons for a year.[3]progressed to the traditional folk rock project While at school he did well at sports including the javelin.Blackmores Night. Blackmore left school at age 15 and started work as an apprentice radio mechanic at nearby Heathrow Airport. He was given guitar lessons by Big Jim Sullivan.
  • 93.  Matthias Jabs (born October 25, 1955) is a German guitarist and songwriter. He is one of the guitar players for the heavy metal band Scorpions Before joining the Scorpions, Jabs played for the bands Lady, Fargo and Deadlock. Jabs was hired to join the Scorpions upon the departure of guitarist Ulrich Roth in August 1978. Jabs was discovered by Francis Buchholz, who helped him learn mathematics.[1] However Michael Schenker, younger brother of Scorpions rhythm guitarist/songwriter Rudolf Schenker had made the decision to leave his own band UFO, and expressed interest at re-joining the Scorpions as lead guitarist. Michael Schenker had already been a member of the Scorpions and left the band after the recording of their first album Lonesome Crow in 1972. As a result, Jabs was dismissed very shortly after joining the band. However, Michael Schenker proved to be very unreliable during this time period and would frequently be absent from the bands live shows. This caused the Scorpions to contact Jabs at the last minute to fill in for Michael. After too many absences, Michael Schenker left and Jabs was permanently reinstated as lead guitarist for the Scorpions, which he has been ever since. This is why the Scorpions 1979 album Lovedrive featured guitar tracks recorded by both Jabs and Michael Schenker. Jabs playing style was a large part of Lovedrives fresher, newer, heavier sound. This "Van Halen-like"[2] sound would become the bands signature as it would propel them into superstardom in the 1980s. In the year 2000, he was awarded the city of Hanover plaque. During the 1980s, he had a 1963-64 black Fender Stratocaster, called his "trouble guitar". It had had a Floyd Rose floating bridge and a Bill Lawrence L90 pickup. The guitar was featured on many tracks that needed a tremolo, including "Blackout". A copy of this guitar (with a black Gibson humbucker) is seen on the Make a Difference Foundation video filmed in Russia. This event had other guests including Ozzy Osbourne and Gorky Park. Jabs favours Gibson Explorer guitars, he even designed a model for them, called the Explorer 90 (due to the body being 90% the size of a regular Explorer) in the late 1980s. He also has a signature Fender Stratocaster dubbed the "Jabocaster". Nowadays, Jabs and the rest of the Scorpions play the German-made Dommenget brand of guitars. All of the bands signature models made by them. His most recent signature guitar is his "Mastercaster" which was used mostly on stage and on their Humanity - Hour 1 album. Jabs is also notable for using a Talk box on some songs (such as "The Zoo" on Animal Magnetism, "To Be No. 1" on Eye II Eye, "Money and Fame" (Crazy World), "Can You Feel It" (Unbreakable), and "Media Overkill" (Savage Amusement) ). Jabs replaces the Marshall amplification logo on his amplifier cabinets with his own name, in the same font style as the Marshall logo. Besides Marshall, Matthias also uses Wizard cabinets, Hiwatt, Engl, Fender Prosonic and Soldano amplifiers and cabinets, Kitty Hawk preamps, Dunlop picks, and Seymour Duncan JB pickups. Back in the 1980s, he used marshall JCM 800 2210 amplifiers which you can see on the World Wide Live DVD. Jabs also currently uses Ovation 6 and 12 string acoustic guitars, Daddario strings (which are tuned to E-flat and D), and talk boxes from Heil. In 2010, Cort Guitars collaborated with Matthias to develop his own signature line of electric guitars called the Garage 1 and Garage 2.
  • 94.  David Jon Gilmour,[1] CBE, D.M. (born 6 March 1946) is an English rock musician and multi-instrumentalist who is best known as the guitarist, one of the lead singers and main songwriters in the progressive rock band Pink Floyd. It is estimated that as of 2011, the group has sold over 230 million albums worldwide, including 74.5 million units sold in the United States.[2] In addition to his work with Pink Floyd, Gilmour has worked as a producer for a variety of artists, and has enjoyed a successful career as a solo artist. Gilmour has been actively involved with many charities over the course of his career. In 2003, he was appointed CBE for his charity work and was awarded with the Outstanding Contribution title at the 2008 Q Awards.[3] In 2011, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked him No. 14 in their list of the greatest guitarists of all time.[4]
  • 95.  Joseph Fidler "Joe" Walsh (born November 20, 1947)[1] is an American musician, songwriter, record producer, and actor. He has been a member of three commercially successful bands: the James Gang, Barnstorm, and the Eagles. He has also experienced success as a solo artist and prolific session musician, especially with B.B. King and Dan Fogelberg. Although Walsh is a native of Wichita, Kansas, he and his family lived in Columbus, Ohio for a number of years. His mother was a classically trained pianist. When Walsh was twelve years old the family moved to New York City. Later, Walsh moved to Montclair, New Jersey and attended Montclair High School there. He spent time in various bands playing around the Cleveland area, including The Measles while attending Kent State University. In response to moving to New York City, Walsh began a lifelong hobby of amateur ("ham") radio with the callsign WB6ACU. [edit] 1960s and 1970s January 1968 he replaced Glen Schwartz as lead guitarist for the James Gang, an American power trio. Walsh proved to be the bands star attraction, noted for his innovative rhythm playing and creative guitar riffs. In particular he was known for hot-wiring the pickups on his electric guitars to create his trademark "attack" sound.[2] The James Gang had several minor hits and became an early album- oriented rock staple for the next two years, including James Gang Live at Carnegie Hall. In November, 1971 Walsh left the group and formed the group Barnstorm, although their albums credited Walsh as a solo artist. Walsh and Barnstorm released their debut, the eponymous Barnstorm in 1972. The album was a critical success, but had only moderate sales. The follow-up The Smoker You Drink, the Player You Get (1973) was titled under his own name (although officially a Barnstorm album) and was Walshs commercial breakthrough. The first single "Rocky Mountain Way" received heavy airplay and reached #23 on the US Top 40 chart. In 1974 Barnstorm disbanded and Walsh continued as a solo artist. In December 1974, Walsh released an official solo album, So What and in March 1976, a live set, You Cant Argue with a Sick Mind. These would be his last solo albums until 1978. On December 20, 1975 he joined the Eagles as Bernie Leadons replacement. His addition steered the band toward a harder-edged sound and away from their early country-style work, and he was featured prominently on their multi-million-selling album Hotel California, co-writing the Top 20 hit "Life in the Fast Lane" (with Don Henley and Glenn Frey) and "Pretty Maids All in a Row" (co-written with former Barnstorm drummer Joe Vitale). As the Eagles struggled to record the follow-up to Hotel California, Walsh re-ignited his solo career with the well-received album But Seriously, Folks... (1978) which featured his hit comic depiction of rock stardom, "Lifes Been Good". Walsh also contributed "In the City" to The Warriors soundtrack (1979), a song penned and sung by Walsh that was later rerecorded for the Eagles The Long Run album.
  • 96.  Brian Harold May, CBE (born 19 July 1947) is an English musician and astrophysicist most widely known as the guitarist, songwriter and occasional singer of the rock band Queen. As a guitarist he uses his home-built guitar, "Red Special", and has composed hits such as "Tie Your Mother Down", "We Will Rock You" and "Fat Bottomed Girls". He was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2005 for "services to the music industry and his charity work".[2] May earned a PhD in astrophysics from Imperial College in 2007 and is currently the Chancellor of Liverpool John Moores University.[3] May currently resides in Surrey.[4] In 2005, a Planet Rock poll saw May voted the 7th greatest guitarist of all time.[5] He was ranked at No. 26 on Rolling Stone magazines list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Brian May, the only child of Harold and Ruth May, was born in Hampton, London and attended Hampton Grammar School (now Hampton School).[7] During this time he formed his first band with vocalist and bassist Tim Staffell, named Nineteen Eighty-Four after George Orwells novel of the same name.[8] He left Hampton Grammar School with ten GCE Ordinary Levels and three Advanced Levels in Physics, Mathematics and Applied Mathematics.[8] He studied Mathematics and Physics in Imperial College, London, graduating with an upper second class degree. [edit] Career 6] [
  • 97.  Edward Lodewijk "Eddie" Van Halen (born January 26, 1955) is a Dutch-born American guitarist, keyboardist, songwriter and producer. He is best known as the lead guitarist and co-founder of the eponymous hard rock band Van Halen. Allmusic described him as "Second to only Jimi Hendrix... undoubtedly one of the most influential, original, and talented rock guitarists of the 20th century."[1] He is ranked 8th in Rolling Stones 2011 list of the Top 100 guitarists . He was born in Nijmegen in The Netherlands Van Halen the band was originally called genesis and then mammoth He is very famous for his fender Stratocaster called Frankenstein It had all custom parts and a very unique pickup that allowed him to get more sustain when he is soloing He made models of this from fender called the EVH Series
  • 98.  Paul Brandon Gilbert (born November 6, 1966 in Illinois, USA) is an American guitarist. He is well known for his technical guitar work with Racer X and Mr. Big, as well as many solo albums and numerous collaborations and guest appearances with other musicians. He has been voted number 4 on a list in GuitarOne magazine of the "Top 10 Greatest Guitar Shredders of All Time",[1] as well as a spot in Guitar Worlds 50 Fastest Guitarists of All Time listGilbert was raised in Greensburg, Pennsylvania.[3]Around 1981-82, he first contacted Mike Varney,founder of Shrapnel Records, asking for a gig withOzzy Osbourne. At the time, Varney couldnt thinkwhy Osbourne would want a 15 year old guitarist,but after listening to his demo he changed hismind. Gilbert was featured in Guitar Playermagazine at the age of fifteen.[3] They talked forthe next 3 years, until Paul went to L.A. for the GIT(Guitar Institute of Technology), and then wasready to record Racer Xs debut album StreetLethal.
  • 99.  Stephen Ray "Stevie" Vaughan (October 3, 1954 – August 27, 1990) was an American guitarist, vocalist, songwriter, and a notable recording artist. Often referred to by his initials, SRV, he is best known as the leader of the blues rock band Double Trouble, with whom he recorded four studio albums. Influenced by guitarists of various genres, Vaughan emphasized intensity and emotion in his guitar playing, and favored vintage guitars and amplifiers. He became one of the leading blues rock musicians, encompassing multiple styles, including jazz and ballads. Born and raised in Dallas as the younger brother of Jimmie Vaughan, he moved to Austin at the age of 17, and formed the band, Triple Threat Revue, that evolved into a band called Double Trouble, in 1978. Accompanied by drummer Chris Layton, bassist Tommy Shannon, and later, keyboardist Reese Wynans, Vaughan became an important figure in Texas blues, a loud, swing- driven fusion of blues and rock. Despite the breakthrough success of Double Troubles debut Epic album, Texas Flood (1983), Vaughn entered a period of alcohol and drug addiction. In 1986, he successfully completed rehabilitation and released the album In Step in (1989). On August 27, 1990, while departing a concert venue by helicopter in East Troy, Wisconsin, Vaughan was killed when the helicopter crashed into the side of a ski hill. His death triggered a global outpouring of grief, and as many as 3,000 people reportedly attended his public memorial service in Dallas. Vaughan was highly rated and is considered to be one of the greatest guitarists of all time. He has received critical recognition for his guitar playing, ranked at #7 on Rolling Stones list of "100 Greatest Guitarists" in 2003. He ranked #3 on Classic Rock magazines list of "100 Wildest Guitar Heroes" in 2007. Vaughan won six Grammy Awards, including Best Contemporary Blues Performance for In Step. Vaughan was posthumously inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 2000 and won five W.C. Handy Awards. As of 2012, Vaughan has sold over 11.5 million albums with Double Trouble.
  • 100. James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born JohnnyAllen Hendrix; November 27, 1942[1][2] –September 18, 1970) was an American guitaristand singer-songwriter. Even though he was inthe "spotlight" for only three years before hisdeath, he is still widely considered to be thegreatest electric guitarist in music history,[3][4][5]and one of the most influential musicians of hisera.[6][7][8] After initial success in Europe with hisgroup The Jimi Hendrix Experience, he achievedfame in the United States following his 1967performance at the Monterey Pop Festival.Later, Hendrix headlined the iconic 1969Woodstock Festival and the 1970 Isle of WightFestival. He often favored raw overdrivenamplifiers with high gain and treble and helpeddevelop the previously undesirable technique ofguitar amplifier feedback.[9]
  • 101. Beck was born in 1944 to Arnold and Ethel Beck at 206 Demesne Road, Wallington, England. As a ten year old Beck sang in a church choir. As aGeoffrey Arnold "Jeff" Beck (born 24 June 1944) is an English rock guitarist. He is one teenager he learned to play a borrowed guitarof three noted guitarists to have played with The Yardbirds (Eric Clapton and Jimmy and made several attempts to build his ownPage are the other two). Beck also formed The Jeff Beck Group and Beck, Bogert & instrument, first by gluing and bolting togetherAppice. cigar boxes for the body and an unsanded fence- post for the neck with model aircraft control-Much of Becks recorded output has been instrumental, with a focus on innovative lines and frets simply painted on. Whensound and his releases have spanned genres ranging from blues-rock, heavy metal, jazz fabricating a neck for his next try he attemptedfusion and an additional blend of guitar-rock and electronica. Although he recorded to use measurements for a bass guitar.two hit albums (in 1975 and 1976) as a solo act, Beck has not established or maintained Beck has cited Les Paul as the first electric guitar [6]the sustained commercial success of many of his contemporaries and bandmates.[1][2] player who impressed him. Beck has said that he first heard an electric guitar when he was sixBeck appears on albums by Mick Jagger, Kate Bush, Roger Waters, Donovan, Stevie years old and heard Paul playing "How High theWonder, Les Paul, Zucchero, Cyndi Lauper, Brian May and ZZ Top. In 1988, he made a Moon" on the radio. He asked his mother what itcameo appearance in the movie Twins. was and after she replied it was an electric guitarHe was ranked 5th in Rolling Stones list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"[3] and was all tricks, he said, "Thats for me".[7] Cliffand the magazine has described him as "one of the most influential lead guitarists in Gallup, lead guitarist with Gene Vincent and therock".[4] MSNBC has called him a "guitarists guitarist".[1] Beck has earned wide critical Blue Caps was also an early musical influence, followed by B.B. King and Steve Cropper.[8]praise and received the Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance six Upon leaving school he attended Wimbledontimes and Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance once. He has been College of Art, after which he was brieflyinducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice: as a member of The Yardbirds employed as a painter and decorator, a(1992) and as a solo artist (2009).[5] groundsman on a golf course and a car paint- sprayer. Becks sister Annetta introduced him to Jimmy Page when both were teenagers.
  • 102. Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE, (born 30 March 1945) is an English guitarist and singer-songwriter.Clapton is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: once as a solo artist, andseparately as a member of The Yardbirds and Cream. Clapton has been referred to as one of themost important and influential guitarists of all time.[2] Clapton ranked second in Rolling Stonemagazines list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" and fourth in Gibsons Top 50 Guitarists ofAll Time.In the mid 1960s, Clapton departed from the Yardbirds to play blues with John Mayall & theBluesbreakers. In his one-year stay with Mayall, Clapton gained the nickname "Slowhand".Immediately after leaving Mayall, Clapton formed Cream, a power trio with drummer Ginger Bakerand bassist Jack Bruce in which Clapton played sustained blues improvisations and "arty, blues-based psychedelic pop." For most of the 1970s, Claptons output bore the influence of the mellowstyle of J.J. Cale and the reggae of Bob Marley. His version of Marleys "I Shot the Sheriff" helpedreggae reach a mass market.[3] Two of his most popular recordings were "Layla", recorded by Derekand the Dominos, another band he formed and Robert Johnsons "Crossroads", recorded by Cream.A recipient of seventeen Grammy Awards,[4] in 2004 Clapton was awarded a CBE for services tomusic.[5] In 1998, Clapton, a recovering alcoholic and drug addict, founded the Crossroads Centre onAntigua, a medical facility for recovering substance abusers.[6]
  • 103.  ZZ Top is an American rock band from Houston, Texas. Formed in 1969, the group consists of Billy Gibbons (guitar and vocals), Dusty Hill (bass and vocals), and Frank Beard (drums and percussion). ZZ Tops early sound was rooted in blues but eventually grew to exhibit contemporary influences. Throughout their career they have maintained a sound based on Hills and Beards rhythm section support, accentuated by Gibbons guitar and vocal style. Their lyrics often gave evidence of bands humor and thematically focus on personal experiences and sexual innuendos. ZZ Top formed its initial lineup in 1969, consisting of Anthony Barajas (bass and keyboards) and Peter Perez (drums and percussion). After several incarnations, Hill and Beard joined within the following year. Molded into a professional act by manager Bill Ham, they were subsequently signed to London Records and released their debut album. They were successful as live performers, becoming known to fans as "that little ol band from Texas", and their 1973 album Tres Hombres, according to Allmusic, propelled the band to national attention and "made them stars". In 1979, after returning from a one-and-a-half year break of touring, the group reinvented themselves with their 1983 hit album Eliminator and the accompanying tour. ZZ Top incorporated New Wave and punk influences into their sound and performances, and embraced a more iconic image, with Gibbons and Hill sporting chest-length beards and sunglasses. Similar experimentation continued for the remainder of the 1980s and 1990s with varying levels of success. On ZZ Tops 2003 album Mescalero, they adopted a more contemporary sound while maintaining their influences from their earlier musical pursuits. Maintaining the same members for over forty years, ZZ Top has released 14 studio albums and are among the most popular rock groups, having sold more than 25 million albums in the United States. They have won three VMAs, and in 2004, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. VH1 ranked ZZ Top at number 44 in its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock". They have performed at many charity events and raised $1 million for the Delta Blues Museum in Clarksdale, Mississippi. ZZ Top formed in Houston on June 20, 1969.[1] Billy Gibbons, who previously formed the Moving Sidewalks in 1966, had suggested "ZZ King" as a potential name for the band after looking at posters of Z. Z. Hill and B.B. King on his apartment wall. According to Gibbons autobiography Rock + Roll Gearhead, he settled on "ZZ Top" because B.B. King was "on the top". Consisting of Lanier Greig on keyboards and Moving Sidewalks drummer Dan Mitchell, the group was signed to London Records by manager Bill Ham, and released two singles—"Salt Lick" and "Millers Farm".[2] Soon after, Greig and Mitchell left the group and were replaced by Billy Etheridge and Frank Beard, though Etheridge quit the band in January 1970, and was subsequently replaced by Michael "Cadillac" Johnson; he was replaced by Dusty Hill in the following month: For the record, I was not fired from ZZ Top for being a bad influence on Frank Beard. I had received a call from my two old buddies Jimmie Vaughan and Doyle Bramhall about coming back to Dallas to play the blues with my homeboys. After talking to them, I quit the band. I did this just before the band signed with London Records. I didn’t want to be tied down to a contract with that particular band at that point in time. I have only the utmost respect for Billy, Frank, and Dusty. —Billy Etheridge, [3] The finalized lineup of ZZ Top performed their first show on February 10, 1970 in Beaumont, Texas.[4] The groups debut album, ZZ Tops First Album, was released in January 1971; the single, "(Somebody Else Been) Shakin Your Tree", peaked at number 50 on the Billboard Hot 100. Despite being unpolished, the album established the bands sound and attitude, as Allmusics Stephen Thomas Erlewine noted that its filled with "fuzzy guitars, barrelhouse rhythms, dirty jokes, and Texan slang".[5]
  • 104.  During the spring of 1969, Rickey Medlocke and Greg T. Walker met former New York City native Charlie Hargrett in Jacksonville and organized the band Fresh Garbage with Ron Sciabarasi for keyboards, Rick for drums and vocals, Greg for bass and Hargrett for lead guitar, playing mostly at The Comic Book Club on Forsyth Street. That autumn, Sciabarasi left Fresh Garbage and lead guitarist Jerry Zambito (ex-Tangerine) joined as a new band, Hammer, was organized with Medlocke performing lead vocals (playing almost no guitar); Greg T. Walker for bass and backup vocals; Jakson Spires, from Tangerine, for drums and backup vocals; DeWitt Gibbs, also from Tangerine, for Hammond organ, Fender Rhodes electric piano and backup vocals; and Hargrett for lead guitar. They soon relocated to Gainesville, Florida to be the house band of Dubs, a well-known topless bar on the outskirts of town. About the beginning of 1970, the band relocated to Manhattan after a friend, who was working in a music publishing company, told her boss about the band and he had them move to New York City. During the early spring of the same year, the band, after learning of another band on the West Coast named Hammer, decided to change their name to Blackfoot to represent the American Indian heritage of Walker, Spires and Medlocke (Spires is part Cherokee, Medlocke part Sioux, and Walker part Eastern Creek, a Florida Indians tribe). When the band failed to acquire a contract as a result of their relocation, Gibbs quit the band and Medlocke began playing rhythm guitar full time. During the spring of 1971, Medlocke and Walker accepted an offer to join Lynyrd Skynyrd and Blackfoot ended for a time. There was a brief attempt to regroup during 1972, but Medlocke quit again and Walker joined The Tokens, who soon changed their name to Cross Country. Hargrett remained in the north, living in Hackettstown, New Jersey. During August 1972 Blackfoots old friend and roadie, John Vassiliou, visited Hargrett with Reidsville, North Carolina bassist Lenny Stadler from the band Blackberry Hill. Hargrett decided to relocate to North Carolina and invited Medlocke, whod quit Lynyrd Skynyrd by this time, to reform Blackfoot with Stadler for bass guitar and Jakson Spires for drums. Danny Johnson (later with the bands Derringer and Steppenwolf), from a Louisiana group, Axis, was employed as second guitarist. But Medlocke soon decided to be both main vocalist and guitarist again, so Johnson was employed only briefly. During the summer of 1973, Stadler quit the band after a tumor was discovered on one of his lungs (it later dissolved). But Stadler decided to leave secular music to join a gospel group. He eventually became a Methodist minister. Greg T. Walker was invited to rejoin at this juncture. By 1974 the band had returned their base of operations to the Northeast (Northern New Jersey) and Medlocke developed nodes on his vocal cords and temporarily lost his voice. Another singer, Patrick Jude, was brought into the band. After a brief time, Medlocke was able to sing again and Jude was dismissed. Soon afterward, Medlocke and Walker sent producers/session players Jimmy Johnson and David Hood a copy of Blackfoots material. Johnson and Hood had worked with Medlocke and Walker in Muscle Shoals, Alabama when they were there recording with Lynyrd Skynyrd. No Reservations was released by the company Island Records during 1975 as part of a deal organized by Blackfoots then manager Lou Manganiello, and their second record album, Flying High, was vended by Epic Records company during 1976. Both record albums were produced by Johnson and Hood.
  • 105. Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from Leyton in east London, formed in 1975 bybassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris. Since their inception, the bands discography hasgrown to include a total of thirty-six albums: fifteen studio albums; ten live albums; four EPs; andseven compilations.Pioneers of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal, Iron Maiden achieved success during the early1980s. After several line-up changes, the band went on to release a series of U.S. and UKplatinum and gold albums, including 1982s The Number of the Beast, 1983s Piece of Mind, 1984sPowerslave, 1985s live release Live After Death, 1986s Somewhere in Time and 1988s SeventhSon of a Seventh Son. Since the return of lead vocalist Bruce Dickinson and guitarist Adrian Smithin 1999, the band have undergone a resurgence in popularity,[1] with their latest studio offering,The Final Frontier, peaking at No. 1 in 28 different countries[2] and receiving widespread criticalacclaim.[3]Considered one of the most successful heavy metal bands in history, Iron Maiden havereportedly sold over 85 million records worldwide[4] with little radio or television support.[5] Theband won the Ivor Novello Award for international achievement in 2002,[6] and were alsoinducted into the Hollywood RockWalk in Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California during theirUnited States tour in 2005.[7] As of August 2011, the band have played almost 2000 live showsthroughout their career.For the past 30 years, the band have been supported by their famous mascot, "Eddie", who hasappeared on almost all of their album and single covers, as well as in their live shows.
  • 106.  Adrian Frederick "H" Smith (born 27 February 1957) is an English musician, best known as one of the three guitarists in the heavy metal band, Iron Maiden, for whom he regularly writes and, along with bassist Steve Harris, performs backing vocals on some songs. Growing up in Camden, London, Smith gained an interest in rock music at 15 and formed a friendship with future Iron Maiden guitarist Dave Murray, who would inspire Smith to take up the guitar himself. Upon leaving school at 16, he formed his own band, Urchin, which he would lead until their demise in 1980. Having already been offered a position as their second guitarist the previous year, Smith joined Iron Maiden in November 1980, replacing Dennis Stratton. Following a short-lived solo project entitled A.S.A.P, he left Iron Maiden in 1990, forming his own group, Psycho Motel, before joining Bruce Dickinsons solo outfit in 1997. Along with Dickinson, he returned to Iron Maiden in 1999, after which the band gained renewed success, and recently formed the side project, Primal Rock Rebellion.
  • 107. As a child, Murrays family lived in poverty and wereDavid Michael Murray (born 23 December 1956)[1] is an constantly moving to different areas of London, which meant that he was often bullied and involved inEnglish guitarist and songwriter best known as one of the fights.[3] By the time his family settled in Clapton inearliest members of the British heavy metal band Iron 1970, Murray joined a skinhead gang and "had aMaiden. Along with the groups bassist and primary violent couple of years of being out on the street."[4]songwriter Steve Harris, Murray has appeared on all of the He developed an interest in rock music when he wasbands releases. 15 after hearing Voodoo Chile by Jimi Hendrix on theGrowing up in various areas of London, Murray became a radio, about which he recalls, "everything changed, just like that. Getting into rock music wasnt like amember of a skinhead gang before he took an interest in gradual process for me; it was completely sort ofrock music at 15 and formed his own band, Stone Free, with extreme, totally black and white."[4] After "hangingchildhood friend Adrian Smith. After leaving school at 15,[2] round record stores" and acquiring several Hendrixhe regularly answered advertisements which appeared in and blues albums, Murray decided to take up theMelody Maker before auditioning for Iron Maiden in 1976. A guitar.[5] At 16, he formed his first band, a trio calledshort while later, Murray was sacked following an argument Stone Free, which also included Adrian Smith on vocals, who would also become a member of Ironwith the groups lead vocalist, Dennis Wilcock, and spent six Maiden in 1980.[5] From there, Murray would answermonths in Smiths band, Urchin. In Spring 1978, Murray was ads in Melody Maker and regularly audition forasked to rejoin Iron Maiden following Wilcocks departure, different bands at the weekend,[5] leading to shortin which he has remained to this day. stints in Electric Gas, "this sort of soft-rock, American- type band," and The Secret, "this sort of mad punk band," with whom he would record a single, "Café De Dance," in 1975.[6]
  • 108. Janick Robert Gers ( ; born 27 January 1957 in Hartlepool, England) is an English musician, best known for being one of the three current guitarists in Iron Maiden, along with Dave Murray and Adrian Smith, as well as his earlier work with Gillan and White Spirit. Gers main influences are Ritchie Blackmore, Jeff Beck andJanick Gers began his career as the lead guitarist of the NewIrish blues guitarist Rory Gallagher.[5] He is noted for hisWave of British Heavy Metal band White Spirit, before energetic stage presence,[6] which often involvesjoining Gillan, a group formed by former Deep Purple performing tricks with his guitar, such as throwing it intovocalist Ian Gillan.[1] After Gillan disbanded, Gers undertook the air and catching it.[7] He is also left-handed although hea Humanities degree before joining Gogmagog, which plays guitar right-handed; he can be seen signingincluded former Iron Maiden vocalist Paul DiAnno and autographs with his left hand in the Rock in Rio DVD.drummer Clive Burr.[2] The project came to nothing,[2]however, and Gers went on to work with Marillion vocalistFish before being asked to record a song called "Bring YourDaughter... to the Slaughter" with Iron Maiden vocalistBruce Dickinson.[3] The project expanded into an album,Tattooed Millionaire,[3] and during its recording Gers wasasked to join Iron Maiden in place of Adrian Smith.[1] He hasremained with the band ever since, even after Smithrejoined the band in 1999,[4] contributing to a total of eightstudio albums.
  • 109.  Stephen Percy "Steve" Harris (born 12 March 1956) is an English musician and songwriter, known as the bassist, occasional keyboardist, backing vocalist and primary songwriter of the British heavy metal band Iron Maiden. He is the only member of Iron Maiden to have remained in the band since their inception and, along with guitarist Dave Murray, to have appeared on all of their albums. Although he had previously aspired to be a professional footballer,[1] he gained an interest in rock music in his early teens, following which he participated in two small pub bands, Gypsys Kiss and Smiler, before forming Iron Maiden on Christmas Day 1975. Before Iron Maiden signed their contract with EMI in 1979, Harris worked as an architectural draughtsman in the East End of London until he was made redundant, at which point he undertook a job as a street sweeper.[2][3] In addition to his role as the bands bass player and backing vocalist, Harris has undertaken many other roles for the group, such as producing and co-producing their albums, directing and editing their live videos and performing studio keyboards.
  • 110. William Rory Gallagher, -ə-hər; 2 March 1948 – 14 June 1995,12 wasan Irish blues-rock multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, and bandleader.Born in Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland,3 and raised in Cork,Gallagher recorded solo albums throughout the 1970s and 1980s, afterforming the band Taste during the late 1960s. A talented guitarist knownfor his charismatic performances and dedication to his craft,Gallaghers albums have sold in excess of 30 million copiesworldwide.45 Gallagher received a liver transplant in 1995, but died ofcomplications later that year in London, England at the age of 47.6
  • 111.  George Lynch (born September 28, 1954) is a hard rock/heavy metal guitarist best known as a member of the band Dokken, his own bands Lynch Mob and Souls of We. Lynch was born in Spokane, Washington and raised in the small town of Auburn, California. Great White guitarist Mark Kendall claims George started two hand tapping before Eddie Van Halen did.[1] Twice Lynch auditioned for the position of Ozzy Osbournes lead guitarist, once in 1979 – losing to Randy Rhoads – and another time in 1982 to replace Brad Gillis. According to Lynch, he was hired for three days before Ozzy changed his mind and decided to go with Jake E. Lee. Lee, however claims that Lynch "got the gig, but only went on the road for two weeks to watch the show, and never actually played with Ozzy." Lynch looks back on the situation positively though; he has said "I won the consolation prize. Randy got to tour with Ozzy...and I got to teach at his moms school." Lynch played in a late 1970s band called The Boyz, working the Sunset Strip clubs in L.A., along side some of their contemporaries like Van Halen and Quiet Riot. The Boyz were to play a showcase for Gene Simmons of Kiss and his startup label, Simmons Records. Van Halen opened the show and Gene opted not to stay and see The Boyz.
  • 112.  Brad Gillis (born June 15, 1957) is a guitarist most famous for playing with the band Night Ranger. He was in the band Rubicon during the 1970s before Night Ranger. He has also played for Ozzy Osbourne and Fiona, and has released solo albums.[1] His style often incorporates heavy tremolo usage. He is often regarded as one of the most innovative users of Floyd Rose styled tremolos.
  • 113.  Vincent "Vinnie" Moore (born April 14, 1964) is a guitarist and a member of the English hard rock band UFO. Along with Yngwie Malmsteen, Tony MacAlpine, and others, Moore is known as one of the most influential shred guitarists.[2] Moore was born in New Castle, Delaware. He began his professional career at age of 12 and played clubs and bars until Shrapnel executive Mike Varney discovered him through a magazine article. His connection to Varney led to an opportunity to appear in a Pepsi commercial in 1985,[3] (only Vinnies hands appeared in the commercial as his guitar playing is heard.[4] Following this, Moore recorded his first solo album, Minds Eye, released on Shrapnel Records and featured Tony MacAlpine on keyboards. The album received several awards from guitar magazines and sold over 100,000 copies.[citation needed] Vinnie Moore played lead guitar with the heavy metal band Vicious Rumors on their debut album, Soldiers of the Night. The album features Moores solo-song, "Invader", which was in the style of Van Halens "Eruption". The shred guitar craze of the late eighties led to more releases for Shrapnel.[citation needed] Moore also began performing with other hard rock and heavy metal bands.[citation needed] He joined Alice Coopers band for a tour and then appeared on the Hey Stoopid album.[5] Following this Moore released two instructional videos on guitar playing.[6][7] He has been the lead guitarist for UFO since 2004.
  • 114.  Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in Birmingham, England in 1969.[1] Known for a twin lead guitar style, a wide operatic vocal style, and for introducing the S&M leather and studs look into heavy metal, they have sold over 50 million albums worldwide.[2][3][4] After an early career as a secondary act dogged by unsympathetic producers and lineup changes, the band found considerable commercial success in the 1980s. In 1989, they were named as defendants in an unsuccessful lawsuit alleging that subliminal messages on their albums had caused the suicide attempts of two young men.[5] The bands membership has seen much turnover, including a revolving cast of drummers in the 1970s, and the temporary resignation of singer Rob Halford in the early 1990s. The current line-up consists of lead vocalist Rob Halford, guitarists Glenn Tipton and Richie Faulkner, bassist Ian Hill, and drummer Scott Travis. In 2010, the band announced a farewell tour, with a projected retirement in 2012.[6 ] K. K. Downing, Ian Hill, and John Ellis had known each other since early childhood growing up on the Yew Tree estate in West Bromwich. They attended Churchfields Sch. at All Saints in W. Bromwich. Downing and Hill became close friends in their early teens, when they shared similar musical interests (Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Cream, The Yardbirds) and learned to play instruments. The band was founded in October 1970 in Birmingham, West Midlands, England, after a local ensemble named Judas Priest (from Bob Dylans song "The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest"[7]) disbanded. Al Atkins approached Downing and Hill, who were playing as the power trio Freight, with drummer Ellis (born 19 September 1951, Yew Tree Estate, West Bromwich, Staffordshire) and asked if he could become their singer. With Atkins in the band, he suggested they change their name to Judas Priest. The original Judas Priest had formed in early September 1969 by Al Atkins (lead vocals) and Bruno Stapenhill (bass, born Brian Stapenhill, in 1948, Stone Cross, W. Bromwich), with lead guitar player Ernie Chataway (born Ernest Chataway, in 1952, in Winson Green, Birmingham, Warwickshire) and drummer John Partridge (born c. 1948, W. Bromwich). Stappenhill came up with the name Judas Priest and they rehearsed at his house in Stone Cross. The band played their first gig on 25 November 1969 at The George Hotel in Walsall, Staffordshire and then toured Scotland in December 1969 and January 1970. This band split in April 1970 after their last gig on 20 April at The Youth Centre in Cannock, Staffordshire. Atkins met the next line-up of Judas Priest at a church called St. James in Wednesbury, near W. Bromwich. This place was called Holy Joes by the locals and here Atkins met lead guitarist Kenny Downing, bassist Ian Skull Hill, and drummer John Ellis. They had a band called Freight (April–October 1970) and were looking for a singer; they agreed to join with Atkins, who suggested using his old bands name Judas Priest. They rehearsed at Atkins, mother-in-laws house in Stone Cross. The new line-up of Atkins, Downing, Hill, and Ellis played their first gig on 16 March 1971 at St Johns Hall, Essington, S. Staffordshire. With Downing as acting leader, the band moved away from their original blues influences to play hard rock. This quartet played around Birmingham and the surrounding areas with various drummers until 1974, sometimes opening for bands such as Budgie, Thin Lizzy, and Trapeze. Eventually, financial difficulties and problems with their management, Tony Iommis company, IMA, led to the departure of Alan Atkins and drummer Alan Moore in May 1973. At the time, Ian Hill was dating a woman from the nearby town of Walsall who suggested her brother, Rob Halford,[8] be considered as a singer. Halford joined the band, bringing drummer John Hinch from his previous band, Hiroshima. This line-up toured the UK, often supporting Budgie, and even headlining some shows in Norway and Germany.
  • 115.  Glenn Tipton (born Glenn Raymond Tipton, 25 October 1947, Blackheath, England) is one of the Grammy Award-winning guitarists and occasional keyboard player for the heavy metal band Judas Priest. Glenn Raymond Tipton was born on October 25, 1947 to Olive and Doug Tipton. Glenn attended Olive Hill Primary School when he was about five years old. His brother, Gary, was a guitar player for a local band called the Atlantics. Early on, Glenn was taught to play the piano by his mother, but he was never fully committed to his practice. Glenn learned to play guitar at age 19 with his first guitar being a Hofner acoustic guitar. He would then play on a Rickenbacker until he was able to afford a Fender Stratocaster.[1] This guitar would become his main live guitar until it was stolen at a show. Glenn soon bought a black Stratocaster from someone for a cheap price. Tipton also bought a Gibson SG afterwards with money he received to replace his old guitar.[2] Both of these guitars can be seen when Judas Priest played on the Old Grey Whistle Test.[3][4] Tiptons first band was Shave Em Dry, which became Merlin, which became the Flying Hat Band. This band soon broke up due to management issues. In May 1974, Tipton joined Judas Priest. This was during the recording for Rocka Rolla, so Tipton quickly added his guitar parts to the album.[2] On Sad Wings of Destiny, Tipton showed off more of his guitar work on songs like Tyrant, Dreamer Deceiver and Victim of Changes. Tipton also presented his own songwriting on the songs Prelude, Epitaph and The Ripper. Epitaph and Prelude include some of Tiptons work on keyboard instruments. The year 1980s British Steel was Judas Priests commercial breakthrough. This album combined the bands trademark heavy metal sound with pop-style song structures and hooks. United and Breaking the Law were some of Judas Priests first guitar-driven songs not to include any solo sections. Judas Priests popularity progressed through the 1980s with their albums Point of Entry, Screaming for Vengeance, Defenders of the Faith, Turbo, Ram It Down and Painkiller. Rob Halford would leave Judas Priest in 1992 and the band would separate. Judas Priest would later return with Tim "Ripper" Owens in 1997. This new version of the band recorded the albums Jugulator and Demolition. Both of these albums experimented with new sounds that distinguished them from the records with Halford. Around this time, Tipton released his first solo album, Baptizm of Fire in 1997. The follow-up album Edge of the World was released in 2006. In 2003, Judas Priest would reunite with Rob Halford and release Angel of Retribution in 2005 and Nostradamus in 2008. In 2010, Judas Priest announced their Epitaph World Tour, which is to be the last major world tour. Despite the announcement, Judas Priest still wishes to record another album an possibly more in the future. Tipton is known for his complex, sometimes classically-influenced solos, and he has a unique guitar-playing technique.[5] Many of his solos are very difficult to transcribe, and his playing is notable for his double lead guitar trades with fellow Judas Priest guitarist K.K. Downing. Tiptons solos have maintained a consistent style for most of his career, but he has continuously incorporated new techniques into his playing over the years as he has developed as a guitarist. In contrast to Downing, Tiptons solos tend to feature a more melodic, legato sound, making use of harmonic minor scales, Aeolian mode, pentatonic scales and techniques such as sweep-picking arpeggios, legato picking, tremolo/alternate picking, hammer-ons and pull-offs, and the solos often showcase both accuracy and aggression. However, like Downing, his playing sometimes emphasizes speed rather than precision, and Tipton has been known to occasionally use pinch harmonics and dive bombs in his solos. Tipton also has a trademark 2-strings bend/whammy dive screams for ending the solo, as evident in solos like All Guns Blazing, Heavy Metal, Demonizer, Bullet Train and Ram It Down. In 1978, Tipton began to incorporate tapping into his playing, which Downing promptly did as well. In the mid-1980s, both guitarists started to use the complex technique of sweep-picking, which can be notably heard on the title track of their 1990 album Painkiller. Both have continuously used these techniques ever since. His style is drenched in blues-based phrasing. His vibrato is medium speed, medium width — similar to Peter Greens but not quite as fast.
  • 116.  Kenneth "K. K." Downing, Jr. (born 27 October 1951 in Yew Tree Estate in West Bromwich, England) is a Grammy Award winning guitarist, songwriter and a founding member of the British heavy metal band Judas Priest. Downing dropped out of school when he was 16 years old. A short time later, he was told by his parents to leave, which he did. In the late 1960s, Kenneth discovered rock music and the guitar. He was heavily influenced by Jimi Hendrix, after whom he modelled his playing style. In the early 1970s, Downing decided to form a band with his friend Ian Hill, and this band would become Judas Priest. Downing played on every Judas Priest album from Rocka Rolla to A Touch of Evil: Live. Downing has been noted for his aggressive, rock influenced guitar solos and dual leads with fellow Judas Priest guitarist Glenn Tipton.[1] His solos have remained of this style for most of his career, but he has incorporated various techniques into his playing over the years. As opposed to Tipton, his solos tend to incorporate a more raw, rough-edged sound, making use of techniques like pinch harmonics, dive bombs, and tremolo picking, and often focus on speed, technical accuracy and melody. In 1978, Tipton began to incorporate tapping into his playing, which Downing promptly began to use as well. By 1990, both guitarists started to use the complex technique of sweep-picking, which can be notably heard on the title track of their 1990 album Painkiller. Both have continuously used these techniques ever since. Some of his guitar solos are on such tracks as "Victim of Changes", the 2nd solo in "Beyond the Realms of Death", "Before The Dawn", "Sinner", "Dont Go", the 2nd solo in "Painkiller", and the live version of "Breaking The Law", although naturally which solos are most notable is debated among fans. Notable guitar duels are on such tracks as "Hellrider", "Bullet Train", "Nostradamus", "The Sentinel", "Ram It Down", "Metal Meltdown", "Eat Me Alive" and "Riding On The Wind". In Judas Priests early years, Downing made common use of the wah-wah pedal, but began to limit his use of it in the late 70s, and had abandoned use of it by the mid-80s, save for during live performances of the songs that originally featured it. The only time since then that he has renewed use of it was in 1996, when vocalist Tim "Ripper" Owens joined the band, and they began to experiment with their music more than before. One of these experimentations was the renewal of wah- wah in Downings playing, which can be heard on their 1997 album Jugulator. This experimentation was taken further on their next album with Owens, 2001s Demolition, but was once more abandoned when the bands former vocalist, Rob Halford, returned to the band. Soon enough, Downing would later use a wah-wah pedal on more recent tours.
  • 117.  Richard Ian Faulkner (born 1 January 1980), is a British guitarist. Faulkner was born in London. In the early stages of his career, he played in bands such as Dirty Deeds, Voodoo Six, Ace Mafia and Lauren Harris band. On 20 April 2011 he was appointed as the successor of K.K. Downing in heavy metal band Judas Priest.[1] His first performance with the band happened on 25 May 2011 on American Idol, where the band played Living After Midnight and Breaking the Law with James Durbin.[2]
  • 118.  Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949), nicknamed "The Boss," is an American singer-songwriter-performer who records and tours with the E Street Band. Springsteen is widely known for his brand of heartland rock, poetic lyrics, and Americana sentiments centered on his native New Jersey.[1] Springsteens recordings have included both commercially accessible rock albums and more somber folk-oriented works. His most successful studio albums, Born in the U.S.A. and Born to Run, showcase a talent for finding grandeur in the struggles of daily American life; he has sold more than 65 million albums in the United States and more than 120 million worldwide[2] and he has earned numerous awards for his work, including 21 Grammy Awards, two Golden Globes and an Academy Award. He is widely regarded by many as one of the most influential songwriters of the 20th century, and in 2004, Rolling Stone ranked him as the 23rd Greatest Artist of all time.
  • 119.  Also created by Leo Fender this famous guitar has a different tone from a strat it is more twang Bruce Springsteen was one of the famous guitarists that played it He had a yellow one It has different pickups from a strat Another very popular guitar in the 1980’s
  • 120. Lowery started his career as a session guitarist having moved to Los Angeles from Michigan at the age of 17. His first band in L.A. was Alligator Soup, which led to an important meeting with Rudy Sarzo from Whitesnake, that would give him his first real bit of exposure. This also saw him meeting producer Bob Marlette, who has worked with, among others, TracyJohn William Lowery (born July 31, 1971), best known by the stage name Chapman, Alice Cooper, Rob Halford and Black Sabbath.John 5, is an American guitarist. His stage name was bestowed on him in1998 when he left David Lee Roth and joined the industrial metal group Lowery first started playing guitar atMarilyn Manson as their guitarist, taking over from Zim Zum. Still goingby the name "John 5," Lowery is currently the guitarist for Rob Zombie. the age of seven after watchingHe is also a solo artist having recorded six guitar albums: Vertigo (2004), Buck Owens and Roy ClarksSongs for Sanity (2005), The Devil Knows My Name (2007), Requiem(2008), The Art of Malice (2010) and God Told Me To (2012), as well as a television show Hee Haw with hisremix album, Remixploitation (2009). He also works as a staff writer for dad. His parents supported hisChrysalis Records, working with artists such as Matt Ball, Avril Lavigne,Rob Halford, k.d lang, Garbage, Meat Loaf, Scorpions, Ozzy Osbourne, playing as long as it did not interfereSlash, FeFe Dobson and has written and recorded with southern rockband Lynyrd Skynyrd. with his education. They also accompanied him at the adult bars he would play during the evening.[1]
  • 121.  Joseph "Joe" Satriani (born July 15, 1956) in Westbury,NY and he is an American instrumental rock guitarist, multi-instrumentalist and multiple Grammy Award nominee. Early in his career, Satriani worked as a guitar instructor, and some of his former students have achieved fame such as Steve Vai, Larry LaLonde, Rick Hunolt, Kirk Hammett, Andy Timmons, Charlie Hunter, Kevin Cadogan and Alex Skolnick. Satriani has been a driving force in music credited to other musicians throughout his career, as a founder of the G3 tour, as well as performing in various positions with other musicians. In 1988, Satriani was recruited by Mick Jagger as lead guitarist for Jaggers first solo tour.[1] In 1994, Satriani was the lead guitarist for Deep Purple.[2] Satriani worked with a range of guitarists, including Steve Vai, John Petrucci, Eric Johnson, Larry LaLonde, Yngwie Malmsteen, Brian May, Patrick Rondat, Andy Timmons, Paul Gilbert, Adrian Legg, and Robert Fripp through the annual G3 Jam Concerts.[3] He is currently the lead guitarist for the supergroup Chickenfoot. Since 1988, Satriani has been using his own signature guitar, the Ibanez JS Series, which is sold in music stores worldwide.
  • 122.  Joe Satriani has his own line of Ibanez JS Guitars They are very similar to Steve Vai’s but don’t have cutaways They are shredder guitars
  • 123. Saul Hudson (born July 23, 1965) in Hampstead London England, known byhis stage name Slash, is a British-American musician and songwriter.[1] He isbest known as the former lead guitarist of the American hard rock band GunsN Roses, with whom he achieved worldwide success in the late 1980s andearly 1990s. During his later years with Guns N Roses, Slash formed the sideproject Slashs Snakepit. He then co-founded the supergroup Velvet Revolver,which re-established him as a mainstream performer in the mid to late 2000s.In 2010, Slash released his eponymous debut solo album, featuring an all-starroster of guest musicians. His second album, Apocalyptic Love, recorded withhis band, is set for release on May 22, 2012.Slash has received critical acclaim as a guitarist. Time named him runner-upon their list of "The 10 Best Electric Guitar Players" in 2009,[2] while RollingStone placed him at No. 65 on their list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of AllTime" in 2011.[3] Guitar World ranked his solo in "November Rain" No. 6 ontheir list of "The 100 Greatest Guitar Solos" in 2008,[4] and Total Guitar placedhis riff in "Sweet Child o Mine" at No. 1 on their list of "The 100 Greatest Riffs"in 2004.[5]
  • 124. John Petrucci was born on July 12, 1967 in John Peter Petrucci (born July 12, 1967) is anKings Park, New York to an Italian American American guitarist and songwriter best knownfamily. He picked up the guitar at the early as a founding member of the progressiveage of 8 because his older sister was metal band Dream Theater. Along with hisallowed to go to bed later in order to former bandmate Mike Portnoy, he haspractice the piano. However he decided to produced all Dream Theater albums since theirquit the guitar when his attempts to stay up 1999 release, Metropolis Pt. 2: Scenes from alate were unsuccessful. He would later pick Memory. He is also a backing vocalist forup the guitar again at the age of 12 when his Dream Theater. Petrucci was named as thechildhood friend and future Dream Theater third player on the G3 tour six times, morekeyboardist Kevin Moore invited John to than any other invited guitarists. In 2009 hejoin his cover band. was named the No. 2 Best metal guitarist by Joel McIver in his book The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists.[1] He was also named as one of the "Top 10 Greatest Guitar Shredders of All Time" by GuitarOne magazine.[2]
  • 125.  Gregory LeNoir Allman (born December 8, 1947 in Nashville, Tennessee), known as Gregg Allman, is a rock and blues singer, keyboardist, guitarist and songwriter, and a founding member of The Allman Brothers Band. He was inducted with the band into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995 [1] and received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Georgia Music Hall of Fame in 2006. His distinctive voice placed him in 70th place in the Rolling Stone list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time".[2] At the beginning of the 1970s, The Allman Brothers Band enjoyed huge success[3] and a number of their most characteristic songs were written by Allman. Unusually for the time, the band was based in the Southeastern United States and their music, which has been called ‘Southern Rock’, a term derided by Allman,[4] incorporates an innovative fusion of rock and jazz. Following the death of his older brother, the guitarist Duane Allman in 1971 and bass guitarist Berry Oakley around a year later, in motorbike accidents, the band struggled on and continued to perform and record. In addition, Allman developed a solo career and a band under his own name. Allman’s solo music has perhaps a greater resonance of soul music than his work with ABB, possibly because of the influence of artists such as Bobby Bland and Little Milton, singers who he has long admired. Despite recent health issues, Allman still tours.[5] Allmans memoirs of his life in music are scheduled to be published by William Morrow, an imprint of HarperCollins Publishers, in Spring 2012 Gregg is the younger son of Willis Turner Allman and Geraldine Alice (née Robbins).[7] He was born in Nashville Tennessee in 1947, thirteen months after his brother Duane. His father was in the army and in 1949 the family relocated to Fort Story, Norfolk, Virginia. Shortly after, his father was murdered by a casual acquaintance [8] and Geraldine Mama A Allman was left to raise the boys. In order to retrain as an accountant, she sent her sons to Castle Heights Military Academy in Lebanon, Tennessee, which they both loathed.[9] Eventually, in 1957, when his mother had finished her degree, the family settled in Daytona Beach, Florida, and the boys attended Seabreeze High School. Both Allman and his brother Duane became captivated by music at a young age; Allman has revealed that Duane and he went to see Jackie Wilson, Otis Redding, Patti Labelle and B.B. King perform and that he was particularly struck by B.B.’s Hammond organ player.[10] Allman took an interest in the guitar before Duane did, learning the very basics from his grandmother’s neighbour in Nashville. Duane would soon become the superior guitarist, giving up school in tenth grade to focus on it while Allman practiced his vocals and keyboards, remained at school and finally graduated in 1965. Although he planned to become a dentist, Allman fell in with his brother’s plans that they should become musicians, intending to go to medical school after a short while; it didn’t happen.[11] Duane became employed as a session musician at FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama and began to assemble the group that would become The Allman Brothers Band - Duane and Dickey Betts on guitars, Berry Oakley on bass guitar, and Butch Trucks and Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson on drums. In the meantime, Allman had grown unhappy with the Liberty Records arrangement so when Duane called from Jacksonville, Florida in March 1969 to say that he had assembled a band that needed a singer, Gregg jumped at the opportunity and returned to the South. He had long wanted to play the Hammond Organ, and was given one immediately upon joining the band, which he had to learn to play in a hurry. Ever since, he has played the Hammond B-3 with a preference for a 1969 issue B3 hooked to a Leslie speaker 122RV and handled much of the lead vocals and song writing for the band, along with occasional piano and guitar contributions
  • 126.  Edgar Holland Winter (born December 28, 1946) is an American musician. He is famous for being a multi-instrumentalist. He is a highly skilled keyboardist, saxophonist and percussionist. He often plays an instrument while singing. He was most successful in the 1970s with his band, The Edgar Winter Group, notably with their popular songs "Frankenstein" and "Free Ride". He has albinism Winter was born to John Winter II and Edith Winter on December 28, 1946, in Beaumont, Texas. Both he and his brother Johnny have albinism, and both were required to take special education classes in high school. Winter states, "In school I had a lot of friends. I wore a lot of white shirts to, like, blend in I guess. No one really gave me a hard time about being albino or taking special education classes. Then again, I wasnt really popular." By the time Edgar Winter left his hometown of Beaumont, Texas, in the 1960s, he was already a proficient musician. A child prodigy who achieved international success early on, Edgar has found an audience in a number of major entertainment media, including music, film and television. A prolific writer, Edgars music encompasses many different genres, including rock, jazz, blues, and pop. From his critically acclaimed 1970 debut release, Entrance, he has demonstrated his unique style and ability to cross the genre lines and do the unexpected. His early recording of "Tobacco Road" propelled him into the national spotlight. Edgar followed Entrance with two hit albums backed by his group White Trash, a group originally composed of musicians from Texas and Louisiana. White Trash enjoyed huge success, both with the 1971 release of the studio album, Edgar Winters White Trash (album), and with 1972s follow-up live gold album, Roadwork. In late 1972, Winter brought together Dan Hartman, Ronnie Montrose and Chuck Ruff to form The Edgar Winter Group, the legendary band that created such hits as the number one "Frankenstein" and the ever popular "Free Ride". Released in 1973, They Only Come Out at Night peaked at the number 3 position on the Billboard Hot 200 and stayed on the charts for an impressive 80 weeks. It was certified gold in April 1973 and double platinum in November 1986. Winter invented the keyboard body strap early in his career, an innovation that allows him the freedom to move around on stage during his multi-instrument high-energy performances. After They Only Come Out At Night, Winter released Shock Treatment, featuring guitarist Rick Derringer in place of Ronnie Montrose. Later albums included Jasmine Nightdreams, The Edgar Winter Group with Rick Derringer, a live album, Together Live With Johnny Winter, Recycled, a reunion with White Trash, Standing On Rock, Mission Earth, Live In Japan, Not A Kid Anymore, The Real Deal, and Winter Blues. With over 20 albums and numerous collaborative efforts to his credit, Edgar Winter has not been satisfied to ride the wave of popular music stardom. Major national television and radio campaigns have relied on Winters music to advertise their products. Winter has also made frequent television appearances, both to promote his music, and to give his opinions on everything from Politically Incorrect to a commercial with George Hamilton for Miller Lite beer. He has appeared in the film Netherworld, and the TV shows The Cape, Mysterious Ways, David Letterman, and The Jimmy Kimmel Show. Winters music can be heard in no fewer than fifteen film and television projects, including Netherworld, Air America, My Cousin Vinny, Encino Man, Son In Law, Whats Love Got to do With It, Waynes World 2, Starkid, Wag the Dog, Knockabout Guys, Duets, Radio, The Simpsons, Queer as Folk, and Tupac Resurrection. Winters hauntingly beautiful song "Dying to Live" is featured as "Runnin” (Dying To Live) in the film Tupac Resurrection, the biography on the life of rapper Tupac Shakur. Produced by Eminem, the song uses the vocal talents of the Notorious B.I.G., Tupac, and Edgar Winter himself. "Runnin" is on numerous Billboard charts. It peaked at number 5 on the Hot R&B/Hip Hop Singles Sales chart, and the soundtrack CD was number 1 for 8 consecutive weeks. Winters CD and DVD, titled, "Live At The Galaxy" was recorded live at the Galaxy Theatre for Classic Pictures in 2003. It features the songs, "Keep Playing That Rock and Roll", "Turn On Your Love Light", "Free Ride", "Texas", "Show Your Love", "New Orleans", "Frankenstein" and "Tobacco Road". In addition, the DVD includes a 30 Minute Documentary, "Edgar Winter: The Man and His Music". [edit] Scientologist Winter is a Scientologist. He has appeared in at least seven issues of the Church of Scientology magazine Celebrity between 1995 and 2005, which list the Scientology courses that he has completed.[1] Winter also produced, arranged, and performed on the album Mission Earth (1986). This albums words and music were written by Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard. Hubbard is said to have left detailed instructions and audio tapes for the musicians and producers to follow when making the album. [2] Winter described Mission Earth as "both a return to rock’s primal roots and yet highly experimental." Winter wrote, "Rons technical insight of the recording process was outstanding." Winter also described Hubbards delineation of counter-rhythm in rock as something "which was nothing short of phenomenal, particularly in as much as it had then been entirely unexplored and only later heard in the African-based rhythms of Paul Simons work, some five years after Ron’s analysis," [3] (despite its well-documented and thoroughly analyzed existence in all musical genres throughout recorded history).
  • 127.  Tony MacAlpine (born August 29, 1960) is an American musician and composer. In a career spanning more than two decades and eleven studio albums, he is best known as an instrumental solo guitarist, although he has worked with many different bands and musicians in guest appearances and collaborations. Having started playing piano at the age of five and guitar at twelve, MacAlpine studied classical music for a number of years at the Springfield Conservatory of Music in Massachusetts, as well as various music programs at the University of Hartford in Connecticut.[1][2] One of his musical influences is Frédéric Chopin, to whom he pays homage in his interpretations of the latters études, which are featured on the majority of his studio albums. Together with his first studio releases, Edge of Insanity (1985) and Maximum Security (1987), he had a prominent role on other works during the popular shred era, including keyboard duties on the debut albums of fellow guitarists Vinnie Moore and Joey Tafolla, on Minds Eye (1986) and Out of the Sun (1987) respectively. Soon after his own debut, he played guitar in a heavy metal supergroup named M.A.R.S. (an acronym for MacAlpine/Aldridge/Rock/Sarzo), which resulted in the album Project: Driver (1986). As part of a band effort named MacAlpine, Eyes of the World was released in 1990 as a more commercially-oriented attempt to emulate other hard rock acts at the time. The venture was short-lived, and his subsequent album Freedom to Fly (1992), was a return to his instrumental-based work. A further consecutive string of instrumental albums followed throughout the 1990s, most of them through the renowned Shrapnel Records label: Madness (1993), Premonition (1994), Evolution (1995) and Violent Machine (1996). For his last album of the decade Master of Paradise (1999), MacAlpine briefly assumed singing duties in an effort to experiment with different styles.[2] After the release of Chromaticity in 2001, he took an extended hiatus from recording solo albums and worked with a variety of other musicians and bands, most notably with jazz fusion outfit CAB. A decade later, he released his self-titled eleventh studio album through guitarist Steve Vais Favored Nations label in 2011. In the early to mid-2000s, MacAlpine took on a dual role playing both guitar and keyboards in Vais touring band The Breed. He is featured on the bands DVD release Live at the Astoria London (2003), along with two DVDs of the G3 tour: G3: Live in Denver (2004) and G3: Live in Tokyo (2005). During that time, he was the guitarist for progressive metal supergroup Planet X, alongside keyboardist Derek Sherinian and drummer Virgil Donati. He played with them for three albums in the first part of the decade—Universe (2000), Live from Oz (2002) and MoonBabies (2002)—and rejoined them in 2009 for a string of live performances, and a possible new album.[3] His most recent collaborations have included Seven the Hardway, a progressive rock group with whom he released their self-titled album in 2010,[4] and a guest appearance on Sherinians seventh studio album Oceana (2011).
  • 128.  Orville H. Gibson (August 21, 1856, Chateaugay, New York - August 21, 1918, Ogdensburg, New York) was a luthier who founded the Gibson Guitar Company in Kalamazoo, Michigan in 1896, makers of guitars, mandolins and other instruments. Gibson began in 1894 in his home workshop in Kalamazoo, Michigan. With no formal training, Orville created an entirely new style of mandolin and guitar, with tops carved and arched like the top of a violin. His creations were so different that he was granted a patent on his design.[1] More importantly, they were louder and more durable than contemporary fretted instruments,(4)and musicians soon demanded more than he was able to build in his one-man shop. On the strength of Orville Gibsons ideas, five Kalamazoo businessmen formed the Gibson Mandolin Guitar Mfg. Co., Ltd., in 1902. Within a short period after the company was started, the board passed a motion that "Orville H. Gibson be paid only for the actual time he works for the Company." After that time, there is no clear indication whether he worked there full-time, or as a consultant. Orville Gibson was considered a bit eccentric and there has been some question over the years as to whether or not he suffered from some sort of mental illness. Starting in 1908, Orville Gibson was paid a salary of $500 by Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Manufacturing Co., Limited (equivalent to $20,000 a year in modern terms). He had a number of stays in hospitals between 1907 and 1911. In 1916, he was again hospitalized, and died on August 21, 1918 on his 62th birthday in St. Lawrence State Hospital, a psychiatric center in Ogdensburg, New York.[2] Gibson is buried at Morningside Cemetery in Malone, New York.[3]
  • 129.  The Gibson Les Paul was designed by Les Paul himself in the early 1950’s Slash from the 1980’s band Guns N Roses had the same les Paul for every show The les Paul is unique and has 2 humbuckers and rectangular frets so you can reach farther when you play they use the same idea for blues guitars
  • 130.  Lester William Polsfuss (June 9, 1915 – August 13, 2009)[3][4][5]—known as Les Paul—was an American jazz and country guitarist, songwriter and inventor. He was the inventor of the solid-body electric guitar which made the sound of rock and roll possible.[6] He is credited with many recording innovations. Although he was not the first to use the technique, his early experiments with overdubbing (also known as sound on sound),[7] delay effects such as tape delay, phasing effects and multitrack recording were among the first to attract widespread attention.[8] His innovative talents extended into his playing style, including licks, trills, chording sequences, fretting techniques and timing, which set him apart from his contemporaries and inspired many guitarists of the present day.[9][10][11][12] He recorded with his wife Mary Ford in the 1950s, and they sold millions of records. Among his many honors, Paul is one of a handful of artists with a permanent, stand-alone exhibit in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[13] He is prominently named by the music museum on its website as an "architect" and a "key inductee" along with Sam Phillips and Alan Freed. Les Paul was born Lester William Polsfuss outside Milwaukee, in Waukesha, Wisconsin, to George and Evelyn (1888–1989) (née Stutz) Polsfus. His family was of German ancestry.[15] Pauls mother was related to the founders of Milwaukees Valentin Blatz Brewing Company and the makers of the Stutz automobile.[16] His parents divorced when he was a child.[17] The Prussian family name was first simplified by his mother to Polfuss before he took his stage name of Les Paul. He also used the nicknames Red Hot Red[18] and Rhubarb Red.[19] While living in Wisconsin, he first became interested in music at age eight when he began playing the harmonica. After an attempt at learning the banjo, he began to play the guitar. It was during this time that he invented a neck-worn harmonica holder, which allowed him to play the harmonica hands-free while accompanying himself on the guitar. Pauls device is still manufactured using his basic design.[20] By age thirteen, Paul was performing semi-professionally as a country-music singer, guitarist and harmonica player. While playing at the Waukesha area drive-ins and roadhouses, Paul began his first experiment with sound. Wanting to make himself heard by more people at the local venues, he wired a phonograph needle to a radio speaker, using that to amplify his acoustic guitar.[21] At age seventeen, Paul played with Rube Tronsons Texas Cowboys, and soon after he dropped out of high school to join Wolvertons Radio Band in St. Louis, Missouri, on KMOX. [ 14]
  • 131.  Ronald Douglas "Ronnie" Montrose[1] (November 29, 1947 – March 3, 2012) was an American rock guitarist who led a number of his own bands as well as performed and did session work with a variety of musicians, including Sammy Hagar, Herbie Hancock, Van Morrison, The Beau Brummels, Boz Scaggs, Beaver & Krause, Gary Wright, Tony Williams, The Neville Brothers, Dan Hartman, Marc Bonilla, Edgar Winter, and Johnny Winter.
  • 132.  Paul Daniel "Ace" Frehley ( /ˈ freɪli/; born April 27, 1951)[1][2] is an American musician best known as the former lead guitarist of the rock band Kiss. He took on the persona of the "Spaceman" or "Space Ace" when the band adopted costumes and theatrics. Frehley played with the group from its inception in 1973 until his departure in 1982. After leaving Kiss, Frehley embarked on a solo career, which was put on hold when he rejoined Kiss in 1996 for a highly successful reunion tour. His second tenure with Kiss lasted until 2002, when he left at the conclusion of what was purported to be the bands Farewell Tour. His latest album Anomaly, was released on September 15, 2009.[3] Guitar World magazine ranked him 14th Greatest Metal Guitarist of All Time. In a 2009 interview with Rock N Roll Experience Magazine Ace stated, "Im an Anomaly, Im an un- schooled musician, I dont know how to read music, but Im one of the most famous guitar players in the world, so go figure." [4] He plays les pauls
  • 133. Thayer was born on November 7,Thomas Cunningham Thayer (born 1960 in Portland, Oregon and grew up in the nearby suburbs ofNovember 7, 1960) is an American musician Beaverton, Oregon. His mother Patricia Thayer (née Cunningham)and songwriter best known as the current lead was a classically trained violinistguitarist for the American hard rock band Kiss, and singer and father James Thayer was a businessman,as well as the former lead guitarist for the community leader and retired Brigadier General in the US Black n Blue. His father was Dane, and his mother was of German and Belgian background. Early on, Thayer was raised in a musical family with three brothers and a sister amidst sounds that A brand new Kiss and Dr. Pepper TV ad ranged from classical to The debuted during the 2010 Super Bowl to an Beatles and other classic 1960s pop music. Thayer’s passion for estimated 100 million TV viewers. Promotions early 1970s hard rock bands drove leading up to the debut included Thayer & Kiss his desire to pick up electric guitar at age 13. After graduating from ringing the closing bell at the New York Stock Sunset High School (Beaverton, Oregon) in 1978, Thayer played in Exchange in January 2010 in full Kiss regalia. many local garage and club bands He was also a very good golfer and he helped eventually forming his own group with singer (and childhood friend) create the new kiss minature golf course in las Jaime St. James called Black n Blue. vegas
  • 134. Kulick is best known as lead guitarist for the rock band Kiss from September 1984 to August 1996. Kulick never wore Kiss face paint on stage, which they removed in 1983. Kulick was the first member of Kiss to be billed under his actual birth name, and to date, along with Tommy Thayer, is one of only two members to ever do so.Bruce Howard Kulick (born December 12, 1953 in All other past and present members have been billed under stage names, legally-New York) is an American guitarist, musician and a changed names, nicknames or modified names. Originally brought in as a touring member after guitarist Mark St. John wasmember of the band Grand Funk Railroad. diagnosed with Reiters Syndrome, Kulick played on 5 Kiss studio albums: Asylum,Previously, Kulick had been a longtime member of Crazy Nights, Hot in the Shade, Revenge and Carnival of Souls: The Final Sessions; he also appeared on Alive III and Kiss Unplugged. The song "I Walk Alone" from Carnivalthe band Kiss. of Souls: The Final Sessions is the only Kiss track to feature Kulick as lead vocalist. ToKulick is also known for being a former member of this day Kulick is featured on over 20 Kiss releases. When the original members of the band regrouped, starting in 1995 with the MTVthe band Blackjack with Michael Bolton, and also Unplugged special that carried over into re-adopting their makeup and costumingplayed on several Michael Bolton solo albums. for the "Reunion Tour" in 1996, Bruce Kulick and Eric Singer were paid weekly during the tour; while "sidelined" from Kiss, both were allowed to do other projects so long(Bolton later co-wrote the Kiss song "Forever", from as Simmons and Stanley okayed them.[1] Kulick officially left Kiss in December 1996.[2] Kulick was with the band longer than any member aside from the originalHot in the Shade). foursome and drummer Eric Singer. (Singer has done three discontinuous stints with the band, each much shorter than Kulicks.) [3] When Ace Frehley again left Kiss (in 2002, after the Farewell Tour), Kulick was not asked to rejoin as Gene and Paul thought that Tommy Thayer (former Black n Blue guitarist and Kiss tour manager) could capture Aces persona better than Bruce. Incidentally, Bruces brother Bob Kulick also played with Kiss as a session guitarist, and in addition appeared on Paul Stanleys 1978 solo album. Bob was also a member of Pauls touring band for his 1989 "club tour."
  • 135.  Boston is an American rock band from Boston, Massachusetts that achieved its most notable successes during the 1970s and 1980s. Centered on guitarist, keyboardist, songwriter, and producer Tom Scholz, the band is a staple of classic rock radio playlists.[1] Bostons best-known works include the songs "More Than a Feeling", "Peace of Mind", "Foreplay/Long Time", "Rock and Roll Band", "Smokin", "Dont Look Back" and "Amanda." They have sold over 31 million albums in the United States, of which 17 million are their self-titled debut album and 7 million are their second album, Dont Look Back. Tom Scholz first started writing music in 1969 while he was attending MIT, where he wrote an instrumental, titled "Foreplay".[4] While attending MIT, Scholz joined the band "Freehold," where he met guitarist Barry Goudreau and drummer Jim Masdea, who would later become members of Boston. Vocalist Brad Delp was added to the collective in 1970. After graduating with a masters degree in mechanical engineering, Scholz worked for Polaroid, where he used his salary to build a recording studio in his basement, and to finance demo tapes recorded in professional recording studios.[4] These early demo tapes were recorded with (at various times) Brad Delp on vocals, Barry Goudreau on guitar, Jim Masdea on drums, and Scholz on guitar, bass and keyboards . The demo tapes were sent to record companies, but received consistent rejections.[4] In 1973 Scholz formed the band Mothers Milk with Delp, Goudreau, and Masdea.[4] That group disbanded by 1974, but Scholz subsequently worked with Masdea and Delp to produce six new demos. Scholz played all the instruments on the demos, except for the drums, and used self-designed pedals to create the desired guitar sound.[4] This final demo tape attracted the attention of promoters Paul Ahern and Charlie McKenzie. Masdea left the band around this time. According to Scholz, the managers insisted that Masdea had to be replaced before the band could get a recording deal.[4] Years later, Delp told journalist Chuck Miller: "[Jim] actually told me he was losing interest in playing drums. I know Tom felt very bad when the whole thing happened. And then, of course, we started getting some interest." [5][6] Scholz and Delp signed a deal with Epic Records after Masdeas departure, thanks to Ahern & McKenzie. Before the deal could be finalized, the band had to do a live audition for the record company executives. The duo quickly recruited Goudreau on guitar, bassist Fran Sheehan and drummer Sib Hashian to create a performing unit which could replicate Scholzs richly layered recordings on stage. The showcase was a success and the band agreed to put out 10 albums over the next six years.[4][5] In addition to the firing of Masdea, the record label also insisted that Scholz re-record the demo tapes in a professional studio. However, Scholz wanted the record to be recorded in his basement studio, so that he could work at his own pace.[4] Upon request of Tom Scholz, Masdea played drums on the track "Rock and Roll Band," and the instrumentation was recorded in Scholzs studio.[4] The multitrack tapes were then brought to Los Angeles, where Brad Delp added vocals and the album was mixed by John Boylan. It was then that the band was officially named "Boston," by suggestion of Boylan and engineer Warren Dewey.[4] The debut album, Boston, released on August 8, 1976, was an enormous success. The record ranks as the second best-selling debut album in U.S. history (after Guns N Roses Appetite for Destruction) with over 17 million copies sold.[7] During the summer and fall of 1976, Boston attracted much publicity due to the unprecedented record sales by an unknown act, its unique sound, and singer Brad Delps vocal abilities. However, there was "a conscious effort to de-emphasize Scholz as the total mastermind behind Boston."[8] After opening for Black Sabbath, Blue Öyster Cult, Foghat and others, the band embarked on a headlining tour in the winter and spring of 1977 to support the album.[9] This helped establish Boston as one of rocks top acts within a short time, being nominated for a Grammy award as a "Best New Artist".[9][10] Boston was the first band in history to make their New York City debut at Madison Square Garden.[8] The album spawned three singles, "More Than a Feeling", "Long Time" and "Peace of Mind", all of which made the national charts.[9] Additionally, the album peaked at #3 on the Billboard 200 and remained on the charts for 132 weeks.[11] [ 2][3]
  • 136.  Donald Thomas "Tom" Scholz (born March 10, 1947) is an American rock musician, songwriter, guitarist, keyboardist, inventor, and mechanical engineer, best known as the founder of the band Boston. He is also the inventor of the Rockman guitar amplifier. As noted by Allmusic, he is a notoriously "un-rock n roll" figure who never enjoyed the limelight of being a performer but instead concentrated almost exclusively on his music. After achieving commercial success with Boston, Scholz has spent much of his time working with charities.[1]
  • 137. Brian Carroll (born May 13, 1969), better known by his stage name Buckethead, is aguitarist and multi instrumentalist who has worked within several genres of music. He hasreleased 36 studio albums, four special releases and one EP. He has performed on over 50more albums by other artists. His music spans such diverse areas as progressive metal,funk, blues, jazz, bluegrass, ambient, and avant-garde music.Buckethead is famously known for wearing a KFC bucket on his head, emblazoned with anorange bumper sticker that read FUNERAL in capital black block letters, and anexpressionless plain white costume mask. More recently, he switched to a plain whitebucket that no longer bore the KFC logo, but has since switched back to his trademark KFCbucket. He also incorporates nunchucks and robot dancing into his stageperformances.[2][3][4]An instrumentalist, Buckethead is best known for his electric guitar playing.[5] He has beenvoted number 8 on a list in GuitarOne magazine of the "Top 10 Greatest Guitar Shreddersof All Time"[6] as well as being included in Guitar Worlds lists of the "25 all-time weirdestguitarists"[7] and is also known for being in the "50 fastest guitarists of all time list".[8]Buckethead performs primarily as a solo artist. He has collaborated extensively with a widevariety of high profile artists such as Bill Laswell, Bootsy Collins, Bernie Worrell, Iggy Pop,Les Claypool, Serj Tankian, Bill Moseley, Mike Patton, Viggo Mortensen, That 1 Guy, andwas a member of Guns N Roses from 2000 to 2004. Buckethead has also written andperformed music for major motion pictures, including: Saw II, Ghosts of Mars, Beverly HillsNinja, Mortal Kombat, Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, Last Action Hero, and contributed leadguitar to the track "Firebird" featured on the Power Rangers Movie Soundtrack.
  • 138.  Jason Eli Becker (born July 22, 1969) is an American neo-classical metal guitarist and composer. At the age of 16, he became part of the Mike Varney-produced duo Cacophony with his friend Marty Friedman. They released Speed Metal Symphony in 1987 and Go Off! in 1988. Cacophony broke up in 1989 and Becker began doing solo work, having released his first album Perpetual Burn in 1988. He later joined David Lee Roths band and recorded one album with him. However, Beckers success was hampered by his then- diagnosed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrigs Disease) and he was given three to five years to live. In 1996, Becker eventually lost the ability to speak and now communicates with his eyes via a system developed by his father. Despite his disability, he continues composing by using a computer and has since released Collection, a "best of" album of his favorite songs and three new songs.
  • 139.  David Scott "Dave" Mustaine (born September 13, 1961) is the founder, main songwriter, lead guitarist, and lead vocalist for the American heavy metal band Megadeth. Prior to Megadeth, Mustaine was the first lead guitarist and a co-songwriter of the heavy metal band Metallica until he was fired from the band in 1983. In 2009, he was ranked No. 1 in Joel McIvers book The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists.[1] Mustaine was ranked 89th by Hit Parader on their list of the 100 Greatest Metal Vocalists of All Time.[2] He is also the manager for the Canadian band, Baptized in Blood. Dave Mustaine was born in La Mesa, California, to Emily and John Mustaine. His mother was Jewish but Dave was brought up as a Jehovahs Witness. By the age of 16, Mustaine had rented his own apartment and was surviving financially by dealing drugs. [3] One of his clients, Willow[citation needed], was often short of cash, but worked in a record store, so in return for drugs, she offered albums by artists such as Iron Maiden, AC/DC, Motörhead and Judas Priest in trade,[3] which helped form his taste in heavy metal. In the late 1970s, Mustaine began playing electric guitar, most notably a B.C. Rich and joined a band known as Panic for a short time. Panic was Mustaine’s first real band. The lineup was Mike Leftwych on drums, Bob Evans on bass, Tom Queck on guitar, Pat Voeks as the vocalist and Dave Mustaine was the lead guitarist. Mike Leftwych and the sound man passed away after being involved in a car crash after Panics first show. [4] 1981, Mustaine left Panic to join Metallica as the lead guitarist. Metallicas drummer Lars Ulrich had posted an ad in a local newspaper, The Recycler, looking for a lead guitarist. In his own words, Mustaine remembers his first meeting with James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich: "I was in the room warming up and I walked out and asked, Well, am I gonna audition or what?, and they said, no, youve got the job. I couldnt believe how easy it had been and suggested that we get some beer to celebrate."[5] Mustaines membership in Metallica lasted less than two years. Brian Slagel, owner of Metal Blade Records, recalls in an interview: "Dave was an incredibly talented guy but he also had an incredibly large problem with alcohol and drugs. Hed get wasted and become a real crazy person, a raging megamaniac, and the other guys just couldnt deal with that after a while. I mean, they all drank of course, but Dave drank more...much more. I could see they were beginning to get fed up of seeing Dave drunk out of his mind all the time." [6] On one occasion, Mustaine brought his dog to rehearsal; the dog jumped onto the car of Metallica bassist Ron McGovney and scratched the paint. Hetfield allegedly yelled at Mustaines dog and kicked it in anger, to which Mustaine responded by physically attacking Hetfield and McGovney and verbally abusing Ulrich. Mustaine was fired following the altercation, but the next day, Mustaine asked to be allowed back in the band and was granted his request. Another incident occurred when Mustaine, who had been drinking, poured a full can of beer down the neck and into the pick- ups of Ron McGovneys bass. When McGovney tried playing it, he received an electrical shock which he claims blew him across the room and shocked the hell out of him. McGovney then told Mustaine and Hetfield to leave his house and left the band shortly after.[7] On April 11, 1983, after Metallica had driven to New York to record their debut album, Mustaine was officially fired from the band because of his alcoholism, drug abuse, overly aggressive behavior, and personality clashes with founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, an incident Mustaine refers to as "no warning, no second chance". The band packed up Daves gear, drove him to the Port Authority Bus Terminal, and put him on a Greyhound bus bound for Los Angeles.[5] It was on this bus ride that Mustaine scribbled some lyrical ideas on the back of a hand bill, which would later become the song "Set The World Afire" from the 1988 Megadeth album So Far, So Good... So What! During his time in Metallica, Dave Mustaine toured with the band, co-wrote four songs which appeared on Kill Em All, and co-wrote two songs which would eventually appear on Ride the Lightning. Mustaine has also made unverified claims to have written parts of "Leper Messiah" from Master of Puppets.[5] He also recorded several songs with the band including the No Life Til Leather demo tape. A few of the songs he wrote with Hetfield and Ulrich went on to be re-recorded by Metallica. The most well-known of these is "The Four Horsemen" from Kill Em All, which Mustaine wrote as "The Mechanix" and later released on Megadeths debut album with the original lyrics as "Mechanix"
  • 140.  Martin Adam "Marty" Friedman, (born December 8, 1962) is a guitarist, well known for his tenure as the lead/rhythm guitarist for heavy metal band Megadeth, which lasted almost a decade. He has resided in Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan since 2003, and has[1] hosted his own television programs, Rock Fujiyama and Jukebox English on Japanese television. Friedman is a largely self-taught guitarist [2] known for his improvisation and for fusing Eastern musical with Western music other styles, such as neo-classical, thrash metal and later progressive rock. When playing, Friedman often uses arpeggiated chords and various customized scales. He also occasionally uses sweep picking. He has a very unorthodox right hand picking technique, namely the angle in which his hand is clenched goes against the conventional palm mute. He also frequently uses the upstroke as opposed to the down stroke, especially on the high strings (strings B and E). These qualities make Friedmans solos unique and hard to duplicate using an alternate picking approach. During his early years as a musician, he formed and played lead guitar in several bands, including Deuce, Hawaii (which had previously been called Vixen), and notably Cacophony. Cacophony featured neoclassical metal elements and synchronized twin guitar harmonies and counterpoints shared with guitarist Jason Becker. He played guitar on the 1987 album "It Wont Be Long" by Christian rock band Shout.[3] In 1988, he recorded demos for Jet Red that eventually were released as bonus tracks on the 2009 Jet Red release "Flight Plan". When Cacophony broke up in 1989, Friedman auditioned for the thrash metal band Megadeth after a tip from fellow guitarist Jeff Loomis. Friedman was initially rejected by Megadeth frontman Dave Mustaine for having multicolored hair. However, after undergoing what Mustaine called "Rock School 101", Friedman officially joined Megadeth in February 1990.[4] Friedmans audition can be seen as an Easter egg on the Megadeth DVD Arsenal of Megadeth. The first album he recorded with them was Rust in Peace, now considered a classic thrash metal album, and sold platinum in the US.[citation needed] He further developed his style of playing exotic scale solos from the Cacophony era, and integrated it into the music of Megadeth. In July 1992, Megadeth released Countdown to Extinction, which was a more commercial album, aimed at a wider audience, and sold double platinum.[citation needed] Friedman played on Megadeths further releases Youthanasia (1994), Cryptic Writings (1997), Risk (1999). After a total of five studio albums with Megadeth, in December 1999 Friedman announced his departure from Megadeth.[4] His last show with them was on January 14, 2000. Later, he stated that he got tired of playing metal music and felt that he couldnt develop as a musician.[citation needed] In an interview with in March 2007, he claimed that Megadeth was not aggressive enough.[5] During Friedmans time in the band, they sold over ten million albums worldwide.[6] [edit] Solo career and collaborations (2001–present) Friedman appeared on the track "Born of Anger" on the album All That Remains by Fozzy. Friedman is a big fan of The Ramones (to whom he briefly paid tribute in the Arizona based cover band Rocket to Russia [7]), Black Sabbath, Kiss and Queen (during their early years). He also included the track Peace from the fifth Weezer studio album Make Believe on a list of his most listened to songs on his official website. He has also appeared on Where Moth and Rust Destroy, the latest album of the Christian thrash metal band Tourniquet where he performed all guitar solos except two (which were performed by Bruce Franklin). He has also appeared as a guest on the Firewind album Forged by Fire. In 2004 Friedman joined psychedelic trance musician Takeomi Matsuura (known by the alias Zeta) as a guitarist. Their full-length debut album was released January 4, 2007, also titled Zeta, and included remixes by psychedelic trance musicians such as Astrix. In 2005, Friedman appeared on the soundtrack of the video game Heavy Metal Thunder adapted from the Hebimeta-san TV show. Friedmans album, Loudspeaker, was released in Japan on June 26, 2006. It entered the Japanese national chart at #33. This marks the first Top 40 chart position for any of his solo albums. Friedmans "Exhibit A-Live in Europe" CD and "Exhibit B-Live" in Tokyo DVD were released simultaneously in Japan on 8/22 by Avex. The CD and DVD feature different set lists, but with the same band members, Jeremy Colson (Steve Vai, ex-Dalis Dilemma), Ron Jarzombek (Blotted Science, Watchtower, Spastic Ink) and Chris Catero (Razer, ex-Wardog). The artwork was designed by legendary graphic artist Noritaka Sakai, who is responsible for Queens most successful Japanese editions.
  • 141. Angus McKinnon Young (born 31 March 1955)is a Scottish-born Australian guitarist bestknown as a co-founder, lead guitarist, andsongwriter of the Australian hard rock band,AC/DC. Known for his energetic performances,schoolboy-uniform stage outfits, and hispopularization of Chuck Berrys duckwalk,Rolling Stone magazine has ranked Young asthe 24th greatest guitarist of all time.[1] In2003, he and the other members of AC/DCwere inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall ofFame.
  • 142.  The Gibson SG was made in the 1960’s Angus Young Of ACDC was one of the first guitarists seen with it It is made the same as a les Paul but has a different body It is still pretty popular today
  • 143. Anthony Frank "Tony" Iommi[1][2] (born 19 February 1948,Heathfield Road Hospital, Handsworth, Birmingham,England) is an English guitarist and songwriter best knownas the founding member of pioneering heavy metal bandBlack Sabbath, and its sole continual member throughmultiple personnel changes. Iommi is widely recognised asone of the most important and influential guitarists in heavymetal music. According to Allmusic, "Iommi is one of onlytwo guitarists (the other being Led Zeppelins Jimmy Page)that can take full credit for pioneering the mammoth riffs ofheavy metal."[3]In 2004, Iommi was ranked number one on Guitar Worlds"100 Greatest Metal Guitarists of All Time",[4] and in 2011,ranked 25th in Rolling Stone magazines list of the "100Greatest Guitarists of All Time".[5] On 13 October (Europe)and 1 November (United States) 2011 Iommisautobiography was published, entitled Iron Man: My JourneyThrough Heaven and Hell with Black Sabbath.[6] On 9January 2012, it was announced that Iommi had beendiagnosed with early stage lymphoma.[7]
  • 144. James Patrick "Jimmy" Page, OBE (born 9 January 1944) is an Englishguitarist, songwriter, and record producer. He began his career as a studiosession guitarist in London and was subsequently a member of The Yardbirdsfrom 1966 to 1968, after which he founded the English rock band LedZeppelin.Jimmy Page is viewed by critics, fans and fellow musicians alike as one of themost influential and important guitarists and songwriters in rock music.[3][4][5]Rolling Stone magazine has described him as "the pontiff of power riffing &probably the most digitally sampled artist in pop today after James Brown."[6]In 2010, Jimmy Page was ranked No.2 in Gibsons list of "Top 50 Guitarists of AllTime"[7] and, in 2007, No.4 on Classic Rock Magazines "100 Wildest GuitarHeroes".[8] Page was ranked third in Rolling Stone magazines list of the "100Greatest Guitarists of All Time" in 2011.[9] He has been inducted into the Rockand Roll Hall of Fame twice; once as a member of The Yardbirds (1992),[10] andonce as a member of Led Zeppelin (1995).[11]
  • 145.  This is Gibson’s Famous V shaped Guitar I think it was the very first v shaped electric guitar A lot of rock and metal guitarists use it It is the 3rd most popular Gibson Guitar It was created in the early 1980’s They come in 6 and 7 string models Soon after they were built dean and other compnies made similar models
  • 146. Michael Schenker (born 10 January 1955in Sarstedt, Lower Saxony) is a German Michael Schenker startedrock guitarist, best known for his tenure playing guitar at an early age,in UFO, in addition to his solo band. Hefirst rose to fame as an early member of after his brother Rudolf broughtthe Scorpions, then achieved fame in the home a Gibson Flying V guitar,mid 1970s as the lead guitar player forUFO. Since leaving UFO in 1978, he has which captured his imagination.been leading the Michael Schenker Groupin various incarnations. He is the younger He played his first gig when hebrother of Rudolf Schenker, who is still a was 11, with Rudolf and theguitarist with the Scorpions. His careerhas had many ups and downs, partly due Scorpions in a a long history of alcoholism andpersonal problems; still, Schenker Schenker debuted withcontinues to perform and record and to Scorpions on their debut albummaintain a following,[1] and is called "alegendary figure in the history of metal Lonesome Crow at age 17.[3]guitar."[2]Michael Schenker playins a gibson flying v and adean signature v
  • 147. •Mark was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1955. He grew up listening to The Beatles, Eric Clapton, GaryMoore, Ritchie Blackmore and lists George Harrison as one of his greatest influences. After attendingconcerts by Ronnie Montrose, Rick Derringer and Edgar Winter he decided to become a rock guitarist,forming the band Riot in 1975 who are still active today. Many music magazines and critics have called himone of the most underrated heavy metal guitarists ever.•Mark Reale has been the principal songwriter and main creative force behind Riot starting with the bands1977 debut album Rock City. The groups most acclaimed album was 1981s seminal Fire Down Under, thelast of three studio albums to feature original vocalist Guy Speranza. Other notable records includeRestless Breed (1982), the bands comeback album, Thundersteel (1988), and its follow-up, The Privilege ofPower (1990). Riots most recent album was Immortal Soul in 2011. Riot has toured all around the world andbeen a support act for major acts such as Kiss, AC/DC, Sammy Hagar, Molly Hatchet, and Rush whilemaintaining a particularly strong fanbase in Japan and Continental Europe.After Riots temporary breakup following the Born In America (1983) release, Reale formed a short-livedoutfit named Narita with former members of S.A. Slayer, including future Riot bassist Don Van Stavern.The band recorded a sole demo in 1984 before calling it quits. Reale decided to re-activate Riot which ledto a new record deal with CBS Records and the Thundersteel album in 1988. In 1998, Reale co-founded thegroup Westworld with vocalist Tony Harnell of TNT fame. Westworld released three studio albums and onelive disc between 1999 and 2002. On January 25, 2012, Reale died of complications related to Crohnsdisease.[1] Reale, who had Crohns disease most of his life, had been in a coma since January 11 due to asubarachnoid hemorrhage.Reale’s Riot bandmates have issued the following statement:“To friends and fans of Mark Reale and Riot, we are deeply saddened to confirm that Mark has lost hisbattle with a lifelong illness. Your thoughts and prayers are appreciated by Mark’s family, friends, andbandmates at this difficult time."[2][edit] Discography
  • 148. •Mick Mars (born Robert Alan Deal,[1][2] May 4, 1951) is the lead guitarist for American heavy metal band Mötley Crüe.After his family relocated from Indiana, to California, Robert Deal dropped out of high school and began playing guitar in a series of unsuccessful blues based rockbands throughout the seventies, taking on menial day jobs to make ends meet. After nearly a decade of frustration with the California music scene, Dealreinvented himself, changing his stage name to Mick Mars and dyeing his hair jet black, hoping for a fresh start. In April 1981 he put a want ad in the Los AngelesThe Recycler newspaper, describing himself as "a loud, rude, and aggressive guitar player". Nikki Sixx and Tommy Lee contacted him and after hearing him playdecided he would be their guitarist. Upon Tommys prodding, they persuaded a former high school friend of Tommys and local rock and roll singer/frontmanVince Neil to join. It was Micks suggestion that the band be called Mötley Crüe, a name that had stuck in his head from his days as a member of a band calledWhite Horse. The bassist walked into the room and called them "... Well this is a motley-looking crew."He employs frequent use of a metal slide in his soloing and takes on both the rhythm and lead guitar duties of the band. In the studio and live, Mars frequentlytunes his guitar down a whole step to get a stronger and crunchier rhythm sound. The altered tuning also increases string slack to enable his characteristichammer-on trills, pitch bending, and pinch harmonics during soloing. Mars also introduced the pedal steel guitar to many of Mötley Crües later recordings andlive sets. Mars has taken a critical role in songwriting for the band, coming up with many of Mötley Crües best known riffs.For the sum of his career with Mötley Crüe, Mars has created the aura of a mysterious figure, letting the other members of the band speak for him. In the publicinterviews he has conducted, Mars often comes off as a very reserved and quiet individual, though not shy. A home video made in 1984 and posted publicly on theweb by one of his former White Horse bandmates reveals Mars to be a rather jovial, wisecracking, down-to-Earth person.After an eventual split of Mötley Crüe in 2001, Mars dealt with worsening health problems, and depression, he reportedly gave up guitar playing. Mars situationimproved with the reformation of Mötley Crüe, kindling the desire to play again. Mars underwent hip replacement surgery in the autumn of 2004, followed withintensive physical therapy. Despite his precarious health condition, he was able to perform in the Carnival of Sins tour in 2005 and the Route of All Evil Tour withAerosmith in 2006.Mars has recently contributed his songwriting skills to John LeCompt, the former member of Evanescence and the other band members of Machina,[3] and to theSwedish band CRASHDÏET. Their second album entitled, The Unattractive Revolution, was released on October 3, 2007 and featured two songs co-written byMars.[4]Mars played lead guitar on the title track of Hinders 2008 album Take It to the Limit, and contributed a guitar solo to the song "Into the Light" by Papa Roach, ontheir 2009 album Metamorphosis. Mars also contributed a guitar solo to the song "The Question" on Rock Star: Supernova runner-up Dilanas U.S. debut albumInside Out.[5] In 2010 he co-wrote a song with Escape the Fate for their self-titled album which was instead withheld from the album and reserved for a laterrelease.He has recently been photographed, on his MySpace, with the Murderdolls as he will contribute to their upcoming album Women & Children Last whilst recordingmaterial for his debut solo album in the same space.[6][7] Mick Mars has also contributed to the Black Veil Brides album Set the World on Fire.[citation needed]
  • 149.  Rudolf Schenker (born August 31, 1948 in Hildesheim, Lower Saxony) is a German guitarist and founding member of heavy metal band Scorpions, being the rhythm/lead guitarist and one of the main song-writers of the band. Rudolf Schenker founded the Scorpions in 1965 when he was 17 years old. He has become one of the major driving forces in the bands song-writing and musical direction for 40-plus years. In 2010, Scorpions announced that their newest album, Sting in the Tail, would be their last. The tour that supports the album is the Get Your Sting And Blackout World Tour, will also be their last. Rudolf has been the Scorpions most consistent member, appearing on every album and at every tour. His younger brother Michael Schenker was a member of Scorpions in the bands earliest inception, before joining the band UFO. In the year 2000 he was awarded the city of Hanover plaque.[1] After starting out with a Fender Stratocaster, Schenker is primarily known for playing Gibson Flying Vs and, more recently, Dean Vs. In the Acoustica DVD, he is seen playing an acoustic Flying V made especially for him by Dommenget. He now uses Dean acoustic V models. Some of Rudolf Schenkers main live guitars in recent years are Dommenget, the same maker that produced Klaus Meines live guitar[2] and many guitars for Matthias Jabs[3]. Rudolfs signature models are the Dommenget "Ferrari" V and the "Scorpions" V.[4] In the past, Schenker primarily played Marshall amps, using their JMP, JCM800 2203, and JCM800 2205 heads. Currently, he uses Engl amps, endorsing the E 650 Ritchie Blackmore signature heads. In an interview on the World Wide Live video, he mentioned that his goal is not to become the best or fastest guitarist, but to be a very good composer.[5] In most Scorpions songs, guitar solos are performed by lead guitarist Matthias Jabs, but there are exceptions, in which Rudolf makes the solos, such as "Wind of Change", "Always Somewhere", "Still Loving You", "Send Me an Angel", "Lady Starlight", "As Soon as the Good Times Roll", "When The Smoke is Going Down", "Animal Magnetism", "Through My Eyes" "Coast to Coast" (second solo), "SLY" and "Big City Nights". Rudolfs solos are not as fast or as intricate as Jabs solos. Rudolf Schenker is known for his energetic riffing and wild live performances, which often include swinging his guitar over his head and throwing the guitar up and catching it. [edit] References
  • 150.  The Gibson explorer was another very popular guitar form Gibson many metal guitarists used it They were made in the 1980’s
  • 151.  Lynyrd Skynyrd (pronounced /ˈ lɛ-nərd ˈskɪn-nərd/ LEN-ərd-SKIN-ərd) is an American rock band best known for popularizing the Southern rock genre during the 1970s. Originally formed in 1964 as the "Noble Five" in Jacksonville, Florida, the band rose to worldwide recognition on the basis of its driving live performances and signature tune, "Free Bird". At the peak of their success, three members died in an airplane crash in 1977, putting an abrupt end to the bands most popular incarnation. Surviving members re-formed in 1987 for a reunion tour with lead singer Ronnie Van Zants younger brother Johnny as frontman. A version of the band continues to tour and record, with only Gary Rossington of its original members remaining as of 2012. Lynyrd Skynyrd was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 13, 2006.[ In the summer of 1964, teenage friends Ronnie Van Zant, Allen Collins, and Gary Rossington formed the band "The Noble Five" in Jacksonville, Florida. The band changed in 1965 to "My Backyard", when Larry Junstrom and Bob Burns joined. In 1968, the group won a local Battle of the Bands contest and the opening slot on several Southeast shows for the California-based psychedelic rock band Strawberry Alarm Clock.[citation needed] In 1970, Van Zant sought a new name. "One Percent" and "The Noble Five" were each considered before the group settled on "Leonard Skinner", a mocking tribute to a physical-education teacher at Robert E. Lee High School, Leonard Skinner,[2] who was notorious for strictly enforcing the schools policy against boys having long hair.[3][4] Rossington dropped out of school, tired of being hassled about his hair.[5] The more distinctive spelling was adopted before they released their first album. Despite their high-school acrimony, the band developed a friendlier relationship with Skinner in later years, and invited him to introduce them at a concert in the Jacksonville Memorial Coliseum.[6] Skinner allowed the band to use a photo of his Leonard Skinner Realty sign for the inside of their third album. [7] Skinner died on September 20, 2010, at age 77 after suffering with Alzheimers disease.[8] In 1970, the band auditioned for Alan Walden, who would later become their manager on the newly formed Hustlers Inc. Walden worked with the band until 1974, when management was turned over to Pete Rudge. The band continued to perform throughout the South in the early 1970s, further developing their hard-driving, blues-rock sound and image, and experimenting with making studio recordings. During this time, the band experienced some lineup changes for the first time. Junstrom left and was briefly replaced by Greg T. Walker on bass. At the same time, Ricky Medlocke joined as a second drummer. Some versions of the bands history also have Burns leaving the band for a short time during this period of time. The band played some shows with both Burns and Medlocke participating, utilizing a dual-drummer approach similar to that of The Allman Brothers. In 1971, they made some recordings at the famous Muscle Shoals Sound Studio with Walker and Medlocke serving as the rhythm section, without the participation of Burns. Medlocke and Walker left the band to play with another southern rock band, Blackfoot, and when the band made a second round of Muscle Shoals recordings in 1972, Burns was featured on drums and Leon Wilkeson was Larry Junstroms permanent replacement on bass. Also in 1972, roadie Billy Powell became the keyboardist for the ban 1]
  • 152.  Gary Rossington plays lead and rhythm guitar. He is also a founding member of The Rossington-Collins Band along with former Lynyrd Skynyrd bandmate, Allen Collins.[1] He is the only original member still with the band Robert Rossington (born December 4, 1951, Jacksonville, Florida, United States) is a founding member of Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd. Rossington formed the band "The Noble Five" as a teenager with friends Ronnie Van Zant, Allen Collins, Larry Junstrom and Bob Burns in the summer of 1964. They would later change the name of the band to "The One Percent" before becoming Lynyrd Skynyrd. Skynyrd gained national exposure starting in 1973 with the release of their first album (pronounced lĕh-nérd skin-nérd) and hit single "Free Bird". Rossingtons instrument of choice was a 1959 Gibson Les Paul that he purchased from a woman whose boyfriend had left her and left behind his guitar. He named it "Berneice" in honor of his mother whom he was close to. Rossington has played lead guitar on "Tuesdays Gone" and the slide guitar for "Free Bird". Along with Collins, Rossington also provided the guitar work for "Simple Man". On Labor Day weekend in 1976, Rossington and fellow Skynyrd guitarist Allen Collins were both involved in separate auto accidents in their hometown of Jacksonville. Rossington had just bought a new Ford Torino, and hit an oak tree while under the influence of drugs and alcohol. The band was due to go on tour in a couple of days, but had to postpone this tour due to Rossingtons accident. The band members were not at all pleased with Rossington, and fined him $5000 for the delay caused to the bands schedule. Van Zant and Collins wrote the song "That Smell" based on the wreck, and Rossingtons state of influence from drugs and alcohol at the time. "Whiskey bottles and brand new cars, oak tree youre in my way. Theres too much coke and too much smoke." Rossington was one of six band members who survived the October 20, 1977 plane crash near Gillsburg, Mississippi that took the lives of Van Zant, Steve Gaines, Cassie Gaines, and three others. Despite breaking both arms, both legs, both wrists, both ankles and his pelvis, Rossington would eventually recover from his injuries and play on stage again (albeit with steel rods in his right arm and one of his legs). He battled with serious drug addiction throughout the next several years, partially as a result of his heavy dependence on medication taken during his recovery from the plane crash. In 1980, Rossington co-founded The Rossington-Collins Band with Collins. The band released two albums, but disbanded in 1982 after the death of Collins wife, Kathy. Rossington still plays in the current Lynyrd Skynyrd lineup. With the death of keyboardist Billy Powell on January 28, 2009, Rossington is now the only original band member left in the reformed band. Gary Rossington and Dale Krantz-Rossington have had two daughters, Mary and Annie. Their side project, the Rossington Band, opened for Lynyrd Skynyrd during their 1987-88 reunion tour. The Rossington Band released the following albums: Returned to the Scene of the Crime, 1986 and Love Your Man in 1988. He had a heart problem which was successfully operated on. Rossington also occasionally experiences pain in his legs severe enough to force him to miss shows; this is an ongoing by-product of the 1977 plane crash.[citation needed] Rossington is an avid fan of the Jacksonville Jaguars. He recorded a video, along with remaining members of Lynyrd Skynyrd, that is played at every Jaguars home game on the Everbank Field video board.
  • 153.  Blue Öyster Cult (often abbreviated BÖC) is an American rock band from Long Island, New York, best known for such classic rock songs as "(Dont Fear) The Reaper", "Burnin for You", and "Godzilla". Since the release of their debut, self-titled album in 1972, Blue Öyster Cult has sold over 24 million albums worldwide including 7 million in the United States alone.[citation needed] The bands music videos, especially "Burnin for You", received heavy if not daily rotation on MTV when the music television network premiered in 1981 cementing the bands contribution to the development and success of the music video in modern pop culture. Today, BÖCs music continues to be played on AOR-friendly radio stations as well as in movies, television shows and commercials, and even during sporting events. Blue Öyster Cults current lineup includes long-time members, Donald "Buck Dharma" Roeser (lead guitar, vocals) and Eric Bloom (lead vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboard), as well as Jules Radino (drums, percussion), Richie Castellano (keyboard, guitar, vocals), and Rudy Sarzo (bass guitar).[ The band originated as a group called Soft White Underbelly (a name the band would later occasionally use in the 1970s and 1980s to play small club gigs around the U.S.) in 1967 in the vicinity of Stony Brook University on Long Island, New York, at the prompting of critic and manager Sandy Pearlman consisting of guitarist Buck Dharma, drummer Albert Bouchard, keyboardist Allen Lanier, singer Les Braunstein and bassist Andrew Winters.[2] Pearlman wanted the group to be the American answer to Black Sabbath.[3] Pearlman was very important to the band—he was able to get them gigs and recording contracts with Elektra and Columbia, and he provided them with his poetry for use as lyrics for many of their songs, including "Astronomy". Writer Richard Meltzer also provided the band with lyrics from their early days up through their most recent studio album. The band recorded an albums worth of material for Elektra Records in 1968. When Braunstein departed in early 1969, Elektra shelved the album. Eric Bloom (formerly the bands acoustic engineer) replaced Braunstein, and the band continued to perform as Soft White Underbelly. However, a bad review of a 1969 Fillmore East show caused Pearlman to change the name of the band - first to Oaxaca, then to the Stalk-Forrest Group. The band recorded yet another albums worth of material for Elektra, but only one single ("What Is Quicksand?" b/w "Arthur Comics") was released (and only in a promo edition of 300 copies) on Elektra Records. (This album was eventually released, with additional outtakes, by Rhino Handmade Records as St. Cecilia: The Elektra Recordings in 2001). After a few more temporary band names, including the Santos Sisters, the band settled on Blue Öyster Cult in 1971. (see "band name" section below for its origin). New York producer and jingle writer David Lucas saw the band perform and took them into his Warehouse Recording Studio and produced a demo, with which Pearlman was able to get the renamed band another audition with Columbia Records. Clive Davis liked what he heard, and signed the band to the label. The first album was subsequently recorded on eight track at Lucas studio.[4] Winters would leave the band and be replaced by Bouchards brother, Joe Bouchard. Their debut album Blue Öyster Cult was released in January 1972, with a black and white cover designed by artist Bill Gawlik. The album featured the songs "Cities on Flame with Rock and Roll", "Stairway to the Stars," and "Then Came the Last Days of May". The album sold well, and Blue Öyster Cult toured with artists such as The Byrds, Mahavishnu Orchestra, and Alice Cooper.[5] Their next album Tyranny and Mutation, released in 1973, was written while the band was on tour for their first LP. It contained songs such as "The Red and The Black" (an ode to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and basically a sped-up rewrite of "Im On The Lamb", from the debut album), "Hot Rails To Hell", and "Baby Ice Dog", the first of the bands many collaborations with Patti Smith. The bands third album, Secret Treaties (1974) received positive reviews, featuring songs such as "Career of Evil" (also co-written by Patti Smith), "Dominance and Submission" and "Astronomy". As a result of constant touring, the band was now capable of headlining arenas. The bands first live album On Your Feet or on Your Knees (1975) achieved greater success and went gold, and was followed up by their first platinum album, Agents of Fortune (1976). It contained the hit single "(Dont Fear) The Reaper", which reached number 12 on the Billboard charts and has become a classic of the genre. Other major songs on the album were "(This Aint) The Summer of Love," "E.T.I. (Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence)," and "The Revenge of Vera Gemini." For the tour, the band added lasers to their light show, for which they became known.[6] Their next album, Spectres (1977), had the FM radio hit "Godzilla", but its sales were not as strong as those for the previous album. The band then released another live album, Some Enchanted Evening (1978). Though it was intended as another double-live album in the vein of On Your Feet Or On Your Knees, Columbia insisted that it be edited down to single-album length. It became Blue Öyster Cults most popular album, eventually selling over 2 million copies. It was followed by the studio album Mirrors (1979). For Mirrors, instead of working with previous producers Pearlman (who instead went on to manage Black Sabbath) and Krugman, Blue Öyster Cult chose Tom Werman, who had worked with acts such as Cheap Trick and Ted Nugent. However, the resulting album sales were disappointing. Pearlmans association with Black Sabbath was tapped for the next Blue Öyster Cult album, which resulted in Sabbaths Heaven and Hell producer Martin Birch being hired for the next Blue Öyster Cult record. The result was positive, with Cultösaurus Erectus (1980) receiving good reviews. The album went to number 12 in the UK, but did not do as well in the U.S. One of the notable songs on the album was "Black Blade," which was written by Bloom with lyrics by sci-fi and fantasy author Michael Moorcock. The song is a kind of retelling of Moorcocks epic Elric of Melniboné-Saga. The band also did a co-headlining tour with Black Sabbath in support of the album, calling the tour "Black and Blue". Birch produced the bands next album as well, Fire of Unknown Origin (1981). The biggest hit on this album was the Top 40 hit "Burnin for You", a song Dharma had written with a Richard Meltzer lyric. He had intended to use it on his 1982 solo album, Flat Out, but he was convinced to use it on the Blue Öyster Cult album instead. The album went platinum, and contained other fan favorites such as "Joan Crawford" (inspired by the book and film Mommie Dearest) and "Veteran of the Psychic Wars", another song co-written by Moorcock. Several of the songs had been written for the animated film Heavy Metal, but only "Veteran of the Psychic Wars" (which, ironically, was not written for Heavy Metal) was actually used in the movie. After this album, Albert Bouchard had a falling out with the others and left the band, and Rick Downey (formerly the bands lighting designer) replaced him on drums. 1]
  • 154.  Donald "Buck Dharma" Roeser (born November 12, 1947, On Long Island, New York) is an American guitarist and songwriter, best known for being a member of Blue Öyster Cult since the groups formation in 1967. He wrote and sang the lead vocal on many of the bands best-known hits, including "(Dont Fear) The Reaper", "Godzilla", and "Burnin for You" (the last originally intended for Roesers solo album.) The nickname came from an idea from the bands manager, Sandy Pearlman, who envisioned each member of the band having an unusual stage name; Roeser was the only one who took to the idea, and his was the only name that stuck. Roeser is notable for his use of the Gibson SG and numerous custom Steinberger models.[1] One of his Steinberger guitars has a body carved to look like Swiss cheese (see photo). Dharma calls this guitar his "Cheeseberger".[2] His other equipment use includes: a Giuliano Balestra Vulcan, a Fender Stratocaster, a St. Blues and custom models built by Rick Kresiak, Harper Guitars and Warren Guitars. Many of his guitars were made by White Plains based custom guitar maker, Guliano.
  • 155.  Styx ( /ˈ stɪks/) is an American rock band that became famous for its albums from the late 1970s and early 1980s. The Chicago band is known for melding the style of prog-rock with the power of hard rock guitar, strong ballads, and elements of American musical theater. The band is best known for the hit songs "Lady" (#6, 1975), "Come Sail Away" (#8, 1977), "Babe" (#1, 1979), "The Best of Times" (#3, 1981), "Too Much Time on My Hands" (#9, 1981), and "Mr. Roboto" (#3, 1983). Other hits by the band include "Show Me the Way" (#3, 1990), "Dont Let It End" (#6, 1983), and "Renegade" (#16, 1978). The band has four consecutive albums certified multi-platinum by the RIAA. Twin brothers Chuck and John Panozzo first got together with their neighbor Dennis DeYoung in 1961 in the Roseland section of the south side of Chicago, eventually taking the band name "The Tradewinds". Chuck Panozzo left to attend seminary school for a year but returned to the group by 1964. Tom Nardini had been brought in to replace Chuck on guitar and Chuck decided to play bass guitar when he returned to the band. John Panozzo was the drummer, while Dennis DeYoung had switched from accordion to organ and piano. In 1965, the name "Tradewinds" was changed to TW4 after another band called The Trade Winds broke through nationally. By 1966, the Panozzo brothers had joined DeYoung at Chicago State University and kept the group together doing gigs at high schools and frat parties while studying to be teachers. In 1969 they added a college buddy, John Curulewski, on guitar after Tom Nardini departed. Guitarist James "J.Y." Young came aboard in 1970 making TW4 a quintet. In 1972 the band members decided to choose a new name when they signed to Wooden Nickel Records. Several suggestions were made, and according to DeYoung, the name Styx (the river in Greek mythology between Earth and the Underworld) was chosen because it was "the only one that none of us hated".[2] [1]
  • 156.  James "J.Y." Young (born November 14, 1949) is a guitarist, singer and songwriter who is best known for his membership of the rock band, Styx.[1] Young began playing keyboard and piano at the age of five. He attended Calumet High in Chicago and learned to play clarinet and guitar during those years. J.Y. joined the band TW4 while a student at Illinois Institute of Technology, from which he graduated with a bachelors degree in mechanical and aerospace engineering in 1970. That band later became the first incarnation of Styx. After the bands initial breakup in 1983, Young released the solo albums City Slicker, Out On A Day Pass, and Raised By Wolves. He is the only original member left in the current lineup, and has appeared on all Styx albums. He and longtime member Tommy Shaw, from the bands hitmaking heyday, lead the band; with original bassist Chuck Panozzo still appearing on recent albums, and at certain concerts as a guest musician. Young tends to write the more hard rock pieces for Styx. He is best known for "Miss America" and "Snowblind". A glance at the album, Best of Styx shows that his songs were more popular in the bands early days than during its years of more mainstream popularity. Young managed the Chicago,
  • 157.  Kansas is an American rock band that became popular in the 1970s initially on album-oriented rock charts, and later with hit singles such as "Carry On Wayward Son" and "Dust in the Wind".[1] They currently tour in North America and Europe. Dave Hope (bass), Phil Ehart (drums, percussion), and Kerry Livgren (guitars, keyboards, synthesizers) formed a progressive rock group in 1970 in their hometown of Topeka, Kansas (Steve Walsh is from St. Joseph, Missouri), along with vocalists Lynn Meredith and Joel Warne, and keyboardist Don Montre, keyboardist Dan Wright, and saxophonist Larry Baker.[1] A year earlier, Meredith, Montre, Wright and Livgren were performing in a band called The Reasons Why. After changing the bands name to Saratoga, they started playing Livgrens original material with Scott Kessler playing bass and Zeke Lowe on drums. In 1970, they changed the bands name again to Kansas and merged with members of rival Topeka progressive rock outfit White Clover. This early Kansas group, which lasted until 1971 when Ehart, Hope, and some of the others left to reform White Clover, is sometimes referred to as Kansas I. Ehart was replaced by Zeke Lowe and later Brad Schulz, Hope was replaced by Rod Mikinski on bass, and Baker was replaced by John Bolton on saxophone and flute. (This lineup is sometimes referred to as Kansas II, and 30 years later would re-form under the name Proto-Kaw.) In 1972, after Ehart returned from England (where he had gone to look for other musicians), he and Hope once again reformed White Clover with Robby Steinhardt (vocals, violin, viola, cello), Steve Walsh (vocals, keyboards, synthesizers, percussion) and Rich Williams (guitars). In 1973 they recruited Livgren from the second Kansas group, which then folded.[2] Eventually they received a recording contract with Don Kirshners eponymous label and decided to adopt the Kansas name. The debut album, Kansas, was released in March 1974, nearly a year after it was recorded in New York. It defined the bands signature sound, a mix of American-style boogie rock and complex, symphonic arrangements with changing time signatures. Steinhardts violin was a distinctive element of the groups sound, being defined more by heartland rock than the jazz and classic influences which most progressive rock violinists followed. The band slowly developed a cult following, due to promotion by Kirshner and extensive touring for the debut album and its two follow-ups, Song for America and Masque. The band in 1976. Kansas released its fourth album, Leftoverture, in November 1976, which produced a hit single, "Carry On Wayward Son", in 1977. The follow-up, Point of Know Return, released in October 1977, featured the title track and "Dust in the Wind," both hit singles. Leftoverture was a major breakthrough for the band, hitting number 5 on Billboards pop album chart. Point of Know Return peaked even higher, at number 4. Leftoverture and Point each sold over four million copies in the U.S. Both "Carry On Wayward Son" and "Dust in the Wind" were certified gold singles, selling over one million units each. "Dust in the Wind" was certified gold as a digital download by the RIAA in 2005, almost 30 years after selling one million copies as a single. Leftoverture was eventually certified five times platinum by the RIAA in 2001. During this period, Kansas became a major headlining act and sold out the largest venues available to rock bands at the time, including New Yorks Madison Square Garden. The band documented this era in 1978 with Two for the Show, a double live album of recordings from various performances from its 1977 and 1978 tours. The band gained a solid reputation for faithful live reproduction of their studio recordings. In 1978 the band was named UNICEF Deputy Ambassadors of Goodwill.[3] The follow-up studio album to Point of Know Return was Monolith (1979), which, like the live album, was self-produced. While the album produced a Top 40 single in "People of the South Wind"--the title refers to the meaning of the Kaw word Kansas--it failed to garner the sales and radio airplay of its two predecessors. Nevertheless, the album eventually went platinum. Kerry Livgrens platinum award for the album is on display at the Kansas History Museum
  • 158. Sam Roy "Sammy" Hagar (born October 13,1947),[1] also known as The Red Rocker,[2] is arock vocalist, guitarist, songwriter and musician.Hagar came to prominence in the 1970s with thehard rock band Montrose. He afterwardslaunched a successful solo career, scoring anenduring hit in 1984 with "I Cant Drive 55". From1985 to 1996, and 2003 to 2005, Hagar was thesinger for Van Halen. On March 12, 2007, Hagarwas inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fameas a member of Van Halen.Outside of music, he founded the Cabo WaboTequila brand and restaurant chain, as well asSammys Beach Bar Rum[3]. He currently residesin Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, and also has aresidence in Mill Valley, California. His presentmusical project is as lead singer of Chickenfoot.
  • 159.  Darrell Lance Abbott (August 20, 1966 – December 8, 2004), also known as Diamond Darrell and Dimebag Darrell, was an American guitarist. He was best known as a founding member of the heavy metal bands Pantera and Damageplan. Abbott also contributed to the album Rebel Meets Rebel, a collaboration between Pantera and David Allan Coe. Darrell is considered to be one of the driving forces behind groove metal. Abbott was shot and killed while on stage during a Damageplan performance on December 8, 2004, at the Alrosa Villa in Columbus, Ohio. He ranked 92 in The Rolling Stone Magazines 100 Greatest Guitarist ([2] Darrell Abbott was born to Carolyn and Jerry Abbott, a country musician and producer.[3] He took up guitar when he was 12, and his first guitar was a Hondo Les Paul he got with a small amp. Winning a series of local guitar competitions, most notably held at The Agora Ballroom in Dallas, where he was awarded a Dean ML which he sold to Buddy Blaze who put a Floyd Rose bridge on it and gave it Dimebags signature lighting bolt paint job and then gave it back to him years later.[citation needed] Coincidentally, his father had bought him a cherryburst finish Dean ML standard the morning before the competition.[citation needed] Abbott formed Pantera in 1981 with his brother Vinnie Paul on drums. The band played with acts such as Slayer, Megadeth, Venom, and Metallica, as well as traditional metal bands such as Black Sabbath, Iron Maiden, Motörhead, and Judas Priest. Pantera subsequently became a key formulator of the post-thrash subgenre of "groove" metal. It would not be until nine years after forming that Pantera saw its first piece of commercial success in its 1990 major label debut, Cowboys from Hell. Panteras "groove" style came to fruition in its breakthrough album Vulgar Display of Power, released on February 25, 1992, which saw the replacement of the power metal falsetto vocals with a hardcore-influenced shouted delivery and heavier guitar sound. In 1994, Abbott dropped the nickname "Diamond Darrell" and assumed the nickname "Dimebag Darrell." Pantera began to suffer from mounting tensions between band members in the mid-1990s, largely due to vocalist Phil Anselmos rampant drug abuse. In 2003 the group went on an extended hiatus but never formally broke up.[4] Anselmo left the band for other projects, such as Superjoint Ritual and Down.
  • 160.  Kerry King (born June 3, 1964[1]) is an American musician, best known as the lead and rhythm guitarist for the American thrash metal band, Slayer. He co-founded the band with Jeff Hanneman in 1981 and has been a member ever since. He has made guest appearances with acts including the Beastie Boys, Marilyn Manson, Pantera, Ice-T, Witchery, Sum 41, . Megadeth and Metallica. He is known for playing B.C. Rich guitars with Marshall amplifiers King was born in Los Angeles, California. His father was an aircraft parts inspector, and his mother was an employee of a telephone company. When he was a teenager, Kerry started learning guitar at Calvanos music in South Gate Ca. Russ Dismuke was his teacher. Kerry began his career in a Pat Boone cover band. Kerry moved to Phoenix, Arizona as an adult. He divorced once; his current wife is Ayesha King.[2] In 1981 King was trying out for the position as a guitarist in a band. After the session was over Jeff Hanneman approached him and the two began playing Iron Maiden and Judas Priest songs with the session drummer. Hanneman mentioned "Why don’t we start our OWN band?” [Laughs] I was like, “… Fuck yeah!"[3] Kings trademark appearance, was praised to such a degree by Blender magazine, who included a tour of his body ink.[4] Kings acronym, KFK, was revealed to mean "Kerry Fuckin King" in the January 2007 Issue of Guitar World.[5] King currently resides in Corona, California.[5]
  • 161.  Zachary Phillip Wylde (born January 14, 1967), best known by the stage name Zakk Wylde, is an American musician, songwriter, and occasional actor who is best known as the former guitarist for Ozzy Osbourne and founder of the heavy metal band Black Label Society. He was the lead guitarist and vocalist in Pride & Glory, who released one self-titled album in 1994 before disbanding. As a solo artist he released Book of Shadows in 1996. Wylde was born in Bayonne, New Jersey. Wylde started playing the guitar at the age of 14 and worked at Silverton Music in Silverton, New Jersey. He grew up in Jackson, New Jersey, and went to Jackson Memorial High School, where he graduated in 1985. Wylde has stated that he would practice playing the guitar as much as 12 hours per day and would often play the guitar almost non-stop between coming home from school and leaving for school the next morning, then sleeping through the school day. He is of German and Irish descent.[citation needed] [edit] Music career Wylde played locally with his first band Stone Henge, then later with local Jersey band Zyris. Later, he landed the role as lead guitarist and co-writer for Ozzy Osbourne. He sent Ozzy a demo tape in 1987 and was hired to replace Jake E. Lee, who had replaced the deceased Randy Rhoads. Rhoads remains Wyldes foremost guitar-playing and stagecraft influence.[citation needed] Wylde gravitated toward a particular Les Paul guitar, which has become known as "The Grail"; his infamous bullseye-painted Gibson Les Paul custom. Wylde lost the guitar after it fell from the back of a truck transporting equipment as he was travelling between gigs in Texas. Rewards were offered to anyone that had information about the guitar. Wylde and The Grail were reunited years later when a fan bought it at a Dallas pawn shop and saw the initials "Z.W." carved into the humbucker pickups backs. He contacted Wyldes former webmaster Randy Canis to arrange its return to Wylde. He bartered for it, in exchange for two other Les Pauls.[citation needed] Osbourne has maintained a flexible attitude with regard to his backing band, leaving his band members free to leave as they wish, but Wylde has remained faithful to Osbourne. Wylde was replaced in Osbournes band by Joe Holmes from 1995 until his return in 2001. On January 17, 2006, Zakk Wylde was recognized at the Hollywood Rock Walk of Fame, featuring his handprints and signature, in recognition of his successful career as a musician and his contribution to the music industry. The event was open to the public and many rock celebrities were present, including Ozzy Osbourne.[citation needed] After auditions in 2005/2006, Ozzy Osbourne announced Wylde as the official guitarist for his upcoming album, Black Rain, which was released in 2007. On stage with Osbourne, Wylde has been credited for lending a high level of energy and passion to performances. Black Label Societys album Shot To Hell, was released on September 11, 2006 in the UK, and September 12, 2006 in the U.S. through Roadrunner records, with production by Michael Beinhorn. Black Label Society headlined the second stage at the 2006 Ozzfest, with Wylde playing double duty with Ozzy on certain dates. Ozzy Osbournes album Black Rain, was released in May 2007. Black Label Society released The Song Remains Not the Same on May 10, 2011 on E1. As reported by Alternative Press, Zakk Wylde will be contributing a guitar solo to Black Veil Brides upcoming cover of Kiss "Unholy," slated to appear on the bands upcoming Rebels EP due out December 2011.
  • 162.  Randall William Rhoads (December 6, 1956 – March 19, 1982) was an American heavy metal guitarist who played with Ozzy Osbourne and Quiet Riot. A devoted student of classical guitar, Rhoads combined his classical music influences with his own heavy metal style. Despite his short career, Rhoads is a major influence on neo-classical metal, is cited as an influence by many guitarists and is included in several "Greatest Guitarist" lists. At age 14, Rhoads formed a cover band called Violet Fox (after his mothers middle name, Violet), with his older brother Kelle on drums. Violet Fox staged several performances in the "Grand Salon" at Musonia, Delores Rhoads music school. Among their setlist was "Mississippi Queen" by Mountain, and songs from The Rolling Stones, Alice Cooper and David Bowie. After the dissolution of Violet Fox, Rhoads taught his best friend Kelly Garni how to play bass, and together they formed a band called The Whore (rehearsing during the day at Rodney Bingenheimers English Disco, a 1970s Hollywood nightspot), spending several months playing at backyard parties around Los Angeles. Together the pair went on to form Quiet Riot when Rhoads was 16. Kevin DuBrow auditioned for vocalist in Rhoads kitchen after he convinced Rhoads and Garni to give him a chance. Although DuBrow once said he auditioned once and got the gig. The drummer Drew Forsyth, had periodically played with Rhoads and Garni in the past. Quiet Riot initially played in small bars in Hollywood and local parties in Burbank, eventually playing at the two main L.A. music clubs of the day — the Whisky a Go Go and The Starwood. While the band had a strong following in the L.A. club scene, they were unable to secure a major recording contract in the United States. The band was able to land a record deal with Japanese label CBS/Sony Records and Quiet Riot and Quiet Riot II were released in Japan. In 1979, ex-Black Sabbath singer Ozzy Osbourne was forming a new band. During an interview with Raw Power Magazine editors Robert Olshever, Murray Schwartz and Scott Stephens (future singer of Liquid Blue), Ozzy mentioned he was looking for a new guitar player. Randys name was suggested during the interview and the next day Robert asked friend and future Slaughter bassist Dana Strum to try to reach Randy to see if he was interested. Rhoads got the call for the audition just before his final show with Quiet Riot. He walked in with his Les Paul guitar and a practice amp and started warming up. Osbourne immediately gave him the job. Rhoads recalled later, "I just tuned up and did some riffs, and he said, Youve got the gig; I had the weirdest feeling, because I thought, You didnt even hear me yet". Osbourne was drunk and passed out during the audition, but described Rhoads playing as "God entering my life". Rhoads subsequently recommended his friend Greg Leon, who also taught guitar at Musonia for Rhoads mother, to replace him in Quiet Riot, and then departed for the UK to write and record with Osbourne in November 1979. The band, then known as The Blizzard of Ozz headed into the studio to record the bands debut album, titled Blizzard of Ozz. Rhoads guitar playing had changed due to the level of freedom allowed by Ozzy and Bob Daisley and he was encouraged to play what he wanted. His work with Quiet Riot has been criticized as being "dull" and did not rely on classical scales or arrangements.[3] Propelled by Rhoads neo-classical guitar work, the album proved an instant hit with rock fans, particularly in the USA. They released two singles from the album: "Mr Crowley" and the hit "Crazy Train". The British tour of 1980-81 for Blizzard of Ozz was with Bob Daisley and Lee Kerslake. After the UK tour the band recorded another LP, but before the US Blizzard tour both Lee Kerslake and Bob Daisley were fired by Sharon Arden, Ozzys future wife. For the US Blizzard tour, Tommy Aldridge and Rudy Sarzo were hired. Diary of a Madman was released soon after in October 1981, and since Kerslake and Daisley were already out of the band, Aldridge and Sarzos photos appear on the album sleeve. Disputes over royalties performance, and other intellectual property rights became a source of future court battles. [4] "You Said it All" and "You Looking at Me, Looking at You" became rare collectors items, only released on the B-Sides of singles. A live album, Tribute, mainly drawn from a performance in Cleveland, Ohio, was released in 1987 and included live versions of "Goodbye to Romance" and "No Bone Movies", recorded in the UK with Daisley and Kerslake in 1980. Around this time, Rhoads remarked to Osbourne, fellow Ozz bandmates Tommy Aldridge and Rudy Sarzo, and friend Kelly Garni that he was considering leaving rock for a few years to earn a degree in classical guitar at UCLA. In the documentary Dont Blame Me, Osbourne confirmed Randys desire to earn the degree and stated that had he lived, he did not believe Randy would have stayed in his band. Friend and ex- Quiet Riot bassist Kelly Garni has stated in interviews that if Randy had continued to play rock, he might have gone the route of more keyboard-driven rock, which had become very popular through the 1980s. It was at this time that Rhoads was beginning to receive recognition for his playing. Just before his death Jackson Guitars created a signature model, the Jackson Randy Rhoads (though Randy had originally called his white pinstriped V "the Concorde"). Randy received one prototype — a black offset V hardtail which is the base for todays RR line of Jackson guitars — but died before the guitar went into production. Rhoads also received the Best New Talent award from Guitar Player magazine. While on tour with Ozzy Osbourne, Rhoads would seek out classical guitar tutors for lessons. [1][2]
  • 163.  James Alan Hetfield (born August 3, 1963) is the rhythm guitarist, co-founder, main songwriter, and lead vocalist for the American heavy metal band Metallica. Hetfield co-founded Metallica in October 1981 after answering a classified advertisement by drummer Lars Ulrich in the Los Angeles newspaper The Recycler, searching for band members. Since then, Metallica has won nine Grammy Awards and released nine studio albums, three live albums, four extended plays and 24 singles. In 2009, Hetfield was ranked number 8 in Joel McIvers book The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists,[1] and ranked twenty-fourth by Hit Parader on their list of the 100 Greatest Metal Vocalists of All Time. Hetfield was born August 3, 1963.[2] He is of German, English, Irish and Scottish descent. He has two older half-brothers from his mothers first marriage and one younger sister. He attended Downey High School his freshman and sophomore years. His father, Virgil, was a truck driver who left the family when Hetfield was young. His mother, Cynthia, was a light opera singer. The two divorced in 1976. Virgil and Cynthia were very strict Christian Scientists, and in accordance with their beliefs, Hetfields parents strongly disapproved of medicine or any other medical treatment and remained loyal to their faith even as Cynthia was dying from cancer. This upbringing became the inspiration for many of Hetfields lyrics later in his career with Metallica, such as songs like "The God That Failed". Cynthia Hetfield died of cancer in 1979 when James was 16 years old. After the death of his mother, Hetfield went to live with his older half-brother David. Virgil died in late 1996, during Metallicas Load tour.[3] Hetfield was nine years old when he first began piano lessons, after which he took on his brother Davids drums and finally, at the age of fourteen, he began to play guitar with Robert Okner .[4] He also was in a few bands as a teenager – one being Leather Charm and another, Obsession. Hetfield identifies Aerosmith as having been his main musical influence as a child,[5] and has said they were the reason he wanted to play guitar. He also cited Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, AC/DC, Motörhead, Thin Lizzy, Ted Nugent and Deep Purple as important influences. Metallica (1981–present) the early days of the band, Metallica experimented with a few different vocals and guitar combinations, essentially creating a setup similar to that of Diamond Head. Some of the options considered included adding another guitar player, having John Roads play lead guitar, as well as asking John Bush from Armored Saint (who later joined Anthrax) to sing for the band. The finalized line-up of the band became Hetfield (lead vocals and rhythm guitar), Lars Ulrich (drums), Dave Mustaine (lead guitar), and Ron McGovney (bass) who was replaced by Cliff Burton soon. From 1982 to 1983, Mustaines alcoholism sparked heated altercations between Hetfield and himself.[6] Mustaine also once poured beer onto Ron McGovneys bass[6] nearly causing serious damage. On April 1, 1983, the band recruited lead guitarist Kirk Hammett from the band Exodus and 10 days later Hetfield and Ulrich officially ejected Mustaine due to his alcoholic tendencies.[6][7] Mustaine was sent home on a 4- day bus journey, and went on to form the heavy metal band Megadeth. Later, Mustaine would be quoted to wonder why Metallica did not send him to rehab, but the other band members themselves drank heavily, Hetfield in particular, though Mustaines alcoholism was of a more aggressive nature. Hetfield in 2008 Until the mid-1990s, Hetfield recorded all rhythm tracks and most harmony tracks[citation needed]. Since the recording of Load, Hammett is recording rhythm guitars as well. Hetfield occasionally plays guitar solos on songs such as "Nothing Else Matters", "My Friend of Misery", the outro solo on "The Outlaw Torn", the second solo on "To Live Is to Die", the first solo on "Suicide and Redemption", the first interlude solo on "Master of Puppets" and the introduction harmonic solo in "The Day That Never Comes". He also writes the majority of the guitar harmonies, as well as writing the lyrics, vocal melodies, and co-arranging the songs with Ulrich. Hetfield has been involved in a number of onstage accidents, most notable being an incident with pyrotechnics at Olympic Stadium in Montreal during the Guns N Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour on August 8, 1992. Hetfield was the victim of a severe pyrotechnics accident during the song "Fade to Black", in which a pyrotechnic exploded. Hetfields guitar protected him from the full force of the blast; however, the fire engulfed his left side, burning his hand, arm, eyebrows, face and hair. He suffered second and third-degree burns, but was back on stage 17 days later, although his guitar duties were delegated to former guitar tech and Metal Church guitarist John Marshall for four weeks while he made a full recovery. [8] Hetfield has also broken his arm a number of times while skateboarding, which prevented him from playing guitar on stage, and subsequently caused Hetfields management company Q Prime to add a clause in Hetfields contract forbidding him to ride a skateboard while Metallica was touring.[9] During a live performance on tour for the Metallica, Hetfield experienced complications with his vocals after performing a cover of the Anti-Nowhere League song "So What?", forcing him to take vocal lessons for the first time. He did basic warm-up exercises to piano keys with his vocal coach who also gave him a cassette tape of the piano warm-up for future use. Hetfield still uses the same cassette he was given in the early nineties to this day before any live performance or any recording Metallica does. Hetfield talks about his vocal training endeavours in the Metallica documentary film, Some Kind of Monster produced & directed by Joe Berlinger & Bruce Sinofsky.[10] During the recording of the bands eighth studio album St. Anger in 2001, Hetfield went into rehab to address his alcohol addiction. He rejoined the band after seven months in rehab and four months recovering with his family. He is now clean and sober and is determined to remain so, all of which is featured in Some Kind of Monster.[10] Some Kind of Monster also shows the making of the St. Anger album and documents the various conflicts and issues the band were facing at the time including the departure of Jason Newsted, alcoholism, family commitments, and the future of the band with many in the rock press questioning whether the band would even still be together to see the completion of the St. Anger album. Hetfield and Metallica addressed their need for a new bassist by recruiting Robert Trujillo, former bass player of Ozzy Osbourne. It was more of a swap since Ozzy Osbourne surprisingly recruited Jason Newsted shortly after Trujillos transfer.The new line-up has continued to make music and tour worldwide. Metallicas ninth studio album, Death Magnetic, was released on September 12, 2008. Like St. Anger and every album of original material released by Metallica since 1991s Metallica, Death Magnetic went to #1 on the Billboard charts in over 30 countries during its first week of release.[11] On April 4, 2009, Hetfield, along with remaining Metallica members Ulrich, Hammett, Trujillo, as well as former bassist Newsted and the deceased Cliff Burton were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[12] In an interview after their nomination, Hetfield commented that everyone who had appeared on an album with the band would be inducted. This excluded original guitarist Dave Mustaine and original bassist Ron McGovney, as both had appeared only on the bands early demo tapes. Hetfield was ranked 24th in the Hit Paraders Top Metal Vocalist of All Time.[13] In 2009 he was listed at number 8 in Joel McIvers book The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists
  • 164.  Kirk Lee Hammett (born November 18, 1962) is the lead guitarist and a songwriter in the heavy metal band Metallica and has been a member of the band since 1983. Before joining Metallica he formed and named the band Exodus. In 2003, Hammett was ranked 11th on Rolling Stones list of The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.[1] In 2009, Hammett was ranked number 15 in Joel McIvers book The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists.[2] Hammett was born on November 18, 1962 in San Francisco to a Filipina mother (Chefela) and an Irish Merchant Marine father.[3] He attended De Anza High School in Richmond, California. While attending De Anza High School he met Les Claypool of Primus and they remain close friends. After purchasing a 1978 Fender Stratocaster copy, Hammett attempted to customize his sound with various guitar parts, eventually buying a 1974 Gibson Flying V. Hammett also took a job at Burger King as a youth before quitting once he saved enough money for his Marshall amplifier. In 1983 Hammett was invited to join Metallica following the dismissal of the bands original lead guitarist Dave Mustaine, who went on to form the band Megadeth. This was prior to the recording of Kill Em All. At the time Hammett was taking private lessons from guitar virtuoso Joe Satriani. Hammett has written and contributed riffs for Metallica songs since the mid-1980s (particularly in the 1990s during the Load era). One of these riffs, used in "Enter Sandman" became one of Metallicas most popular songs. It was the first track and first single on Metallicas self-titled Black Album and was ranked 399th on Rolling Stones list of the greatest songs of all time.[4] The bridge for "Creeping Death" was originally an Exodus riff that Hammett took with him to Metallica. Hammett is known for always having his picking hand taped up. During the course of a full tour, due to constantly palm muting and fast picking, the palm of his hand takes abuse.[5] Hammetts playing style is noted for his extensive use of the wah-wah pedal in his solos. Hammett says "The wah-wah is an extension of my personality." Hammetts use of the wah-pedal hadnt been featured in recent Metallica solos, but has seen a resurgence in his solos on the newest album Death Magnetic, in songs like "The Unforgiven III." Hammett initially wanted to have guitar solos on Metallicas 2003 album, St. Anger, but drummer Lars Ulrich and producer Bob Rock thought that the solos did not sound right in the songs. He later admitted himself, "We tried to put in solos but they sounded like an afterthought so we left them out". On April 4, 2009, Kirk, along with Metallica bandmates Lars Ulrich, James Hetfield, and Robert Trujillo and former Metallica bandmates Jason Newsted and the late Cliff Burton, were inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame. In 2009 Hammett supplied the foreword to British author Joel McIvers book To Live Is To Die: The Life And Death Of Metallicas Cliff Burton.[6]
  • 165.  Saxon are an English heavy metal band, formed in 1976 in Barnsley, Yorkshire. As front-runners of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal, they had 8 UK Top 40 albums in the 1980s including 4 UK Top 10 albums. Saxon also had numerous singles in the Top 20 singles chart. Between 1980 and 1987 Saxon established themselves as one of Europes biggest metal acts, they also had success in Japan and in the USA. In Japan, the single "Motorcycle Man" stayed in the charts for over 5 months. They still tour regularly and have sold more than 13 million albums worldwide. Saxon have also influenced many bands such as Metallica and Megadeth.[ Saxon began with a lineup formed by Peter "Biff" Byford on vocals, Paul Quinn and Graham Oliver on guitars, Steve "Dobby" Dawson on bass and drummer Pete "Frank" Gill. Early in their career, the band changed their name from Son of a Bitch to Saxon, and gained support slots on tour with more established bands such as Motörhead. In 1979, the band signed to the French record label Carrere and released their eponymous debut album. [edit] UK success: 1980-1982 In 1980, the follow-up album Wheels of Steel (UK no 5) spawned two hit singles: the title track, and the crowd favorite "747 (Strangers in the Night)". Saxon also appeared on Top Of The Pops this year which helped their hits climb the charts. On August 16th 1980 Saxon appeared at the very first Monsters of Rock Festival where they received a great reception from the crowd. The bands set was recorded but not officially released until 2000. Strong Arm of the Law (UK no 11), considered by fans to be one of their best recordings, was released later that same year. Two singles were released from this album, Strong Arm of the Law and Dallas 1PM, Dallas 1PM is about the assassination of President Kennedy. In 1981 the band had toured most of the world and were getting less time to record new material. With the band touring the world they had gained notable success in Japan where the single Motorcycle Man had stayed in the charts for around 5 months. Nearing the end of 1981 the band released their fourth album Denim And Leather which was dedicated to their fan base. The album is still very popular today and the title track Denim And Leather is considered to be an anthem of that era. The album also featured many other fan favorites Princess of the Night, Never Surrender and The Bands Played On. The Bands Played On was a dedicated song wrote about Saxons performance at 1980 Monsters Of Rock Festival. Denim And Leather charted success all over Europe and went silver in the UK. Just as the band was about to embark on a huge tour to follow the success of Denim And Leather the bands drummer at the time Pete Gill dropped out due to damaged hand. The band quickly replaced him with Nigel Glockler formerly of Toyah Willcoxs band who had to learn the whole set within a day and a half just before the tour was about to begin. A relentless series of headlining tours around the UK capitalised on this success and a sold out tour of Europe with Ozzy Osbourne as support act highlighted Saxons immense ability on the road and was set in stone with the live release The Eagle Has Landed (1982 UK no 5). The band also played the 1982 Monsters Of Rock Festival again and became the first band to appear twice. 1]
  • 166.  Paul Quinn (born Paul Anthony Quinn, December 26, 1951, Barnsley, West Riding of Yorkshire) is an English guitarist, and the founding member of the heavy metal band Saxon. Other than Biff Byford, Quinn is the only remaining member of Saxons original line up, and is present on every Saxon release. Quinn is also a songwriter, contributing to every Saxon album.[1
  • 167.  Graham Oliver (born 6 July 1952, Mexborough, South Yorkshire, England) is an English guitarist. He played with the heavy metal band Saxon from 1977 to 1994. After leaving the band, he initially reformed his old band Son of a Bitch with former Saxon bassist Steve Dawson and drummer Pete Gill. Son of a Bitch released the album Victim You with Thunderhead singer, Ted Bullet. Bullet and Gill left the band after the release of the album. They were replaced by the vocalist John Ward, and another former member of Saxon, Nigel Durham on drums. Oliver and Dawson changed the name of the band to Oliver/Dawson Saxon, and undertook a UK tour with Ronnie James Dio. Graham also duetted with Doug Aldrich on "Rainbow in the Dark" on the last gig at Plymouth. They initially performed under the Saxon name before being halted by legal action taken by the version of Saxon featuring Biff Byford. Oliver has also released the solo album End Of An Era. Five of the tracks were written and performed by the rock indie band Bullrush, with whom Graham Olivers son Paul played drums, along Steve Tudberry and Scott Howitt. Also appearing on the album were Pete Gill, Steve Dawson, Kev Moore, Paul Johnson, Phil Hendriks, Richard Spencer and Chris Archer. Since 2003, Oliver sometimes played with a former Marc Bolan session musician, who tours under on the T. Rex banner. This opportunity materialised after Oliver played "Get It On" with Rolan Bolan at a show in Bradford. Oliver also gained an endorsement from the British guitar company Indie. As of 2005, Oliver was again playing in Oliver/Dawson Saxon in the US. Oliver and Steve Dawson are currently writing the book, Saxon Drugs and Rock and Roll - The Real Spinal Tap. The book will tell the story of how Oliver and Dawson were the inspirations for the film This is Spinal Tap, and will include stories that never made it into the film.[1]
  • 168.  Michael Angelo Batio was the first musician to create the double neck guitar He used it once in every show he did to be different and unique He is another fast guitarist He created it by having 2 guitars joined together of the same kind So that there are 2 necks soon after him steve vai and other guitarists had similar ideas
  • 169. Before Kiss, Paul Stanley was in a localStanley Harvey Eisen (born January 20, band, Rainbow (not to be confused with1952), better known by his stage name Paul Ritchie Blackmores Rainbow) and was alsoStanley, is an American hard rock guitarist, a member of Uncle Joe and Post War Babysinger, musician, painter and songwriter best Boom. Through a mutual friend of Geneknown for being the rhythm guitarist and Simmons, Stanley joined Simmons bandprimary lead vocalist of the rock band Kiss. Wicked Lester in the early 1970s. The bandAlso known for his wailing vocals and high- recorded an album in 1972, but as of 2010 itenergy on-stage antics. He is of Hungarian has not been officially released (althoughand Austrian background. songs from the album appeared on KisssHe is the writer or co-writer of many of the 2001 box set). Wicked Lester soon fell apartbands highest-charting hits. Stanley and Stanley and Simmons placed ads for aestablished the "Starchild" character for his drummer and a guitarist in various New YorkKiss persona. Hit Parader ranked him 18th on papers. This resulted in Peter Criss and Acetheir list of Top 100 Metal Vocalists of All Frehley joining the group, and they namedTime. Readers Poll also named themselves Kiss. Kiss released their self-him 13th on their list of Top 25 Frontmen. titled debut album in February 1974.
  • 170.  Paul Stanley has his own line of PS Series Washburn Guitars They all have Stars on the tailpiece they are cross between a les Paul and a explorer by the looks of them They have hhs and 2 single coil pick ups They go for around 5,000 in the real world
  • 171. Chaim Weitz (later Gene Simmons) was born atGene Simmons (born Chaim Weitz Hebrew: the Rambam Hospital in Haifa, Israel in 1949. Mother and child emigrated to Jackson Heights, ; August 25, 1949) is American rock Queens in New York City when he was eight yearsbassist, singer-songwriter, entrepreneur and old.[1] His mother Flóra "Florence" Klein (formerlyactor. Known as "The Demon", he is the Kovács) was born in Jánd, Hungary. The German name Klein (means: small) is sometimes usedbassist/co-vocalist of Kiss, a hard rock band he informally in Hungarian as Kis, this however, didco-founded in the early 1970s. Kiss has sold not give the band its name.[2] Florence and herover 100 million albums worldwide. brother, Larry Klein, were the only members ofGene Simmons Was also a huge business man the family to survive the Holocaust. Simmons father, Feri Witz, also Hungarian-born, remainedoutside of being a musician in Israel, where he had one other son and threeHis nicknames were Dr.Love,The God of daughters. Simmons says the family was "dirtThunder, And The Demon poor," scraping by on bread and milk.[3] In the United States, Simmons changed his name to Eugene Klein (later Gene Klein), adopting his mothers maiden name. He was a part of Yeshiva Torah Vodaath in Williamsburg, Brooklyn as a child, from 7 am to 9:30 pm[4]
  • 172.  Gene Simmon’s Axe guitar was made by a company called Cort He had another unique bass guitar called The Punisher it was made by BC Rich in the early 70’s Cort specialized in making Bass Guitars The Axe is the first kind of axe shaped guitar It is a unique guitar gene uses when he is the demon for Kiss It was made in the early 1970’s
  • 173.  Orianthi Panagaris (born 22 January 1985), better known simply as Orianthi, is a Greek Australian musician, singer- songwriter and guitarist. She is perhaps best known for being Michael Jacksons lead guitarist for his ill-fated This Is It concert series, and as the lead guitarist in Alice Coopers live band. Her debut single "According to You" has peaked at No. 3 in Japan, No. 8 in Australia and No. 17 in the US; her second album, Believe, received a worldwide release in late 2009. In 2009, Orianthi was named one of 12 Greatest Female Electric Guitarists by Elle magazine.[3] She also won the award as "Breakthrough Guitarist of the Year" 2010 by Guitar International magazine.[4]
  • 174.  Orianthi Michael Jacksons guitarist has a signature Paul reed smith guitar It is just part of her cool product line It has 2 humbuckers She was voted guitarist of the year in 2010
  • 175. Prince (born Prince Rogers Nelson; June 7, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor. Prince has produced tenplatinum albums and thirty Top 40 singles during his career.[1] Prince founded his own recording studio and label; writing, self-producing and playing most, or all, of the instruments on his recordings.[1] In addition, Prince has been a "talent promoter" for thecareers of Sheila E., Carmen Electra, The Time and Vanity 6,[1] and his songs have been recorded by these artists and others(including Chaka Khan, The Bangles, Sinéad OConnor, and even Kim Basinger). He also has several hundred unreleased songs inhis "vault".[2]Born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Prince developed an interest in music at an early age, writing his first song at age seven. Afterrecording songs with his cousins band 94 East, seventeen-year-old Prince recorded several unsuccessful demo tapes beforereleasing his debut album, For You, in 1978. His 1979 album, Prince, went platinum due to the success of the singles "Why YouWanna Treat Me So Bad?" and "I Wanna Be Your Lover". His next three records, Dirty Mind (1980), Controversy (1981), and 1999(1982) continued his success, showcasing Princes trademark of prominently sexual lyrics and incorporation of elements of funk,dance and rock music. In 1984, he began referring to his backup band as The Revolution and released the album Purple Rain, whichserved as the soundtrack to his film debut of the same name.After releasing the albums Around the World in a Day (1985), and Parade (1986), The Revolution disbanded and he released thecritically acclaimed double album Sign o the Times (1987) as a solo artist. He released three more solo albums before debuting theband The New Power Generation in 1991, which saw Prince changing his stage name to an unpronounceable symbol known as"The Love Symbol". In 1994, he began releasing new albums at a faster pace to eject himself from contractual obligations toWarner Bros, releasing five records in a span of two years before signing to Arista Records in 1998. In 2000, he began referring tohimself as Prince once again. He has released thirteen new albums since the beginning of the 21st century, including his latestrecord, 20Ten, released in 2010.Prince has a wide vocal range and is known for his flamboyant stage presence and costumes. His releases have sold over 80 millioncopies worldwide.[3] He has won seven Grammy Awards,[4] a Golden Globe,[5] and an Academy Award.[6] He was inducted into theRock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004, the first year he was eligible.[7] Rolling Stone has ranked Prince No. 27 on its list of the 100Greatest Artists of All Time.[8] Princes music has been influenced by rock, R&B, soul, funk, rap, blues, New Wave, electronica,disco, psychedelia, folk, jazz, and pop.[1] His artistic influences include Sly & the Family Stone, Parliament-Funkadelic, JoniMitchell, The Beatles, Johnny "Guitar" Watson, Miles Davis, Carlos Santana,[2] Jimi Hendrix, James Brown, Led Zeppelin, MarvinGaye, the Isley Brothers, Duke Ellington,[9] Curtis Mayfield,[10] and Stevie Wonder.[11] Prince pioneered the "Minneapolis sound", ahybrid mixture of funk, rock, pop, R&B and New Wave that has influenced many other musicians.[12]
  • 176. 1. Uli Jon Roth2. Prince3. George Harrison4. Tony Macalpine5. Mark Knopfler6. Alex Lifeson7. David Gilmour8. Mark Tremonti9. Tommy Shaw10. Marty Friedman11. Andy Timmons12. Tony Iommi13. Mark Kendal14. Mick Mars15. Mark Reale
  • 177. 1. Tony Iommi2. Ritchie Blackmore3. Michael Schenker4. Rudolf Schenker5. Uli Jon Roth(Ulrich Roth)6. Dimebag Darell7. James Hetfield8. Kirk Hammet9. Jimi Hendrix10. Jason Becker11. Vinnie Moore12. Rory gallagher13. Yngwie Malmsteen14. Eric Clapton15. Chuck Berry16. Matthias Jabs17. Mark kendall18. Adrian Smith19. David Murray20. Janick Gers21. Jimmy Page22. Joe Satriani23. Paul Gilbert
  • 178. 21. Steve Morse22. John Petrucci23. Prince24. Brian May25. Mark Kendall26. Bret Michaels27. Ace Frehley28. Tommy Thayer29. Eddie Van halen30. Joe Walsh31. Synester gates32. Zacky Vengeance33. Zakk Wylde34. Randy Rhoads35. Angus Young36. Orianthi Panagris37. BB King38. Robert Johnson39. Rory Gallager40. Jeff Beck41. Kerry king42. Sammy Hagar43. Toni Iommi44. Glenn Tipton45. Ritchie Faulkner46. John 547. Buckethead48. Elvis Presley49. Eddie Vedder50. The Edge51. Kurt Cobain52. Sully Erna53. Myles Kennedy54. Slash55. Ted Nugent56. Joseph perry57. Paul Stanley58. Al stewart59. Brian setzer60. Paul mcartney61. George harrison
  • 179. 62. Tom schulz63. Stevie ray vaughan64. Bruce Kulick65.Mick Mars66.Johny cash67.Neil young68.Cat stevens69.Buck dharma70.Richard Williams71. Mark knopfler72.Glen Tipton73. BB King74.KK Downing75.Alex Lifeson76. Chuck berry77.Kerry livgren78.Joseph perry79.Paul Stanley80.Ace frehley81.Geddy Lee82.Rudolph schenker83.George lynch84. Marty friedman
  • 180. 1. Jimi hendrix-Little Wing2. Metallica –The Call of Ktulu3. Scorpions-Rock You Like A Hurricane4. Black Sabbath-Iron Man5. Ozzy Osbourne-Crazy train6. Sweet Child of Mine-Guns N Roses7. Dio-Holy Diver8. Rock and Roll Gypsy-Saxon9. Foreplay/Long Time-Boston10. Funk 49-Joe Walsh11. Im Eighteen-Alice Cooper12. Sweating Bullets-Megadeth13. Back in Black-AC/DC14. Ace Of Spades-Motorhead15. Whole lotta Love-Led Zeppelin16. For the love of god-Steve Vai17. The Boys are Back in Town-Thin Lizzy Bohemian Rhapsody-Queen18. Don’t fear the reaper-Blue Oyster Cult19. Metal Meltdown-Judas priest20. Enter Sandman-Metallica21. Highway to hell-AC/DC22. Owner of a lonely heart-Yes23. Renegade-Styx24. Hotel California-The Eagles25. Walk-Pantera
  • 181. 1. Sky Overture-Uli Jon Roth2. Eruption-Eddie Van Halen3. Sweet Child of Mine-Slash4. Surfing with the Alien-Joe Satriani5. Whole Lotta Love-Jimmy Page6. For the Love Of God-Steve Vai7. Purple Rain-Prince8. Crazy Train-Randy Rhoads9. Dream On-Joseph Perry10. Holy Diver –Dio11. Into The Arena-Michael Schenker12. Sails Of Charon-Uli Jon Roth (Scorpions era)13. Meltdown-Vinnie Moore14. Gates Of Babylon-Ritchie Blackmoore15. Aces High-Iron Maiden16. Trilogy op 5-Yngwie Malmsteen17. Get out of my yard-Paul Gilbert18. Johnny B.Goode-Judas Priest(Chuck Berry)19. Iron man- Black Sabbath(Tony Iommi)20. Smoke on the water- Ritchie Blackmoore21. Stairway To Heaven-Jimmy Page22. Cliffs Of Dover-Eric Johnson23. Top Gun Theme-Steve Stevens
  • 182. 24. Number of the Beast-Iron Maiden25.November Rain-Slash26.Catch Your Train-Uli Jon Roth (Scorpions era)27.Detroit Rock City-Ace Frehley(Tommy Thayer)28.Rock you like a Hurricane –Scorpions (Rudolf Schenker)29.Glory Days-Bruce Springsteen30. Voodoo Chile Slight Return-Jimi Hendrix31.Bohemian Rhapsody-Brian May32.When Doves Cry-Prince33. Beat It-Michael Jackson34. Mr. Crowley-Randy Rhoads35.Cat Scratch Fever-Ted Nugent36.Beyond The Black Sun-Yngwie Malmsteen37.Venga La Primevera-Uli Jon Roth’s Sky Orchestra38.Sarajevo/Carol of the Bells-Trans Siberian Orchestra39.Rock and Roll All Nite-Kiss
  • 183. 40.Talk Dirty To Me-Poison41.Comfortably numb-David Gilmore42.Cemetary Gates-Pantera43.Cry of the night-Uli Jon Roth and Sky Orchestra44.Tender Surrender-Steve Vai45.Open Arms-Journey46.Rainbow in the Dark-Dio47.Smells like teen spirit-Kurt Cobain48.Bat Country-Avenged Sevenfold49.Carry on my wayward sun-Kansas50.Raining Blood-Slayer51.Eye of the Tiger-Survivor
  • 184. 52.We will rock you-Queen53. Perpetual Blues-Jason Becker54. Whole lotta sonata-Paul Gilbert55. Rising Force-Yngwie malmsteen’s rising force56.Walk this Way-Aerosmith57.Riot in the Dungeons-Yngwie Malmsteen’s Rising Force58.Bad Horsie-Steve Vai59.Fast as a shark-Accept60.Highway to Hell-AC/DC61.I surrender-Ritchie Blackmore62.Rock and roll Gypsy-Saxon63.Frankenstein-Edgar Winter and Ronnie Montrose64.Bad Motor Scooter-Montrose65.Rocket Ride-Ace Frehley66. Lights out-UFO67. Children of the grave-Black Sabbath68. Paranoid-Black Sabbath
  • 185. 69. God of Thunder-Kiss70. Run to the hills-Iron maiden71. Foreplay/Long Time-Boston72. Benediction-Uli Jon Roth73. Light and Shadows-Uli Jon Roth74. Bridge to Heaven-Uli Jon Roth (Scorpions and Sky of Avalon)75. Don’t talk to Strangers-Dio76.Sister Christian –Night Ranger78.Jump –Eddie Van Halen79.The Sails of Charon- Uli Jon Roth(Scorpions era)80.Fuzz Universe-Paul Gilbert81.Panama-Eddie Van Halen
  • 186. 82. Here I go again-Whitesnake83. More than a feeling –Boston84. Long Nights Blue Collar Man-Styx85.Centerfold-J.Geils Band86.Hair of the dog-Nazareth87.Missippi Queen-Mountain88.Purple Haze-Jimi Hendrix89.Black Dog-Led Zeppelin90. Round and round-Ratt91.You are like a hurricane-Neil Young
  • 187. 92.Free bird-Lynyrd Skynyrd93.Lenny-Stevie Ray Vaughan94.Rock and roll hootchie coo-Rick derringer95.Once bitten twice Shy-Great White96.Sweet home alabama-Lynyrd Skynyrd97. Mr.Spooky-Dokken98.Fight for your right-beastie boys99. Hot Blooded-Foreigner100.Baba o riley-The Who101.Don’t fear the reaper-Blue oyster cult102.Little Wing-Jimi Hendrix103.Enter Sandman-Metallica
  • 188.  These next few slides explain biographies about some of the most interesting influential singers of Rock and Metal If you don’t care to see these slides you can skip to the end
  • 189.  James Hetfield From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search James Hetfield Hetfield at Metallica concert on 2009-03-30 (Death Magnetic Tour, Ahoy Rotterdam)Background informationBirth nameJames Alan HetfieldBorn(1963-08-03) August 3, 1963 (age 48) Downey, California, United StatesGenresHeavy metal, thrash metal, hard rock, speed metalOccupationsMusician, songwriter, producerInstrumentsGuitar, vocals, drums, piano, bassYears active1978–presentLabelsWarner Bros., Elektra, MegaforceAssociated actsMetallica, Spastik Children, Leather CharmWebsitewww.metallica.comNotable instrumentsGibson Explorer ESP Truckster Ken Lawrence custom models Gibson Les Paul Custom "Iron Cross"James Alan Hetfield (born August 3, 1963) is the rhythm guitarist, co-founder, main songwriter, and lead vocalist for the American heavy metal band Metallica. Hetfield co-founded Metallica in October 1981 after answering a classified advertisement by drummer Lars Ulrich in the Los Angeles newspaper The Recycler, searching for band members. Since then, Metallica has won nine Grammy Awards and released nine studio albums, three live albums, four extended plays and 24 singles. In 2009, Hetfield was ranked number 8 in Joel McIvers book The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists,[1] and ranked twenty-fourth by Hit Parader on their list of the 100 Greatest Metal Vocalists of All Time. Hetfield was born August 3, 1963.[2] He is of German, English, Irish and Scottish descent. He has two older half-brothers from his mothers first marriage and one younger sister. He attended Downey High School his freshman and sophomore years. His father, Virgil, was a truck driver who left the family when Hetfield was young. His mother, Cynthia, was a light opera singer. The two divorced in 1976. Virgil and Cynthia were very strict Christian Scientists, and in accordance with their beliefs, Hetfields parents strongly disapproved of medicine or any other medical treatment and remained loyal to their faith even as Cynthia was dying from cancer. This upbringing became the inspiration for many of Hetfields lyrics later in his career with Metallica, such as songs like "The God That Failed". Cynthia Hetfield died of cancer in 1979 when James was 16 years old. After the death of his mother, Hetfield went to live with his older half-brother David. Virgil died in late 1996, during Metallicas Load tour.[3]
  • 190.  Jeffrey Scott "Jeff" Buckley (November 17, 1966 – May 29, 1997), raised as Scotty Moorhead,[1] was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He was the son of Tim Buckley, also a musician. After a decade as a guitarist-for-hire in Los Angeles, Buckley amassed a following in the early 1990s by playing cover songs at venues in Manhattans East Village, such as Sin-é, gradually focusing more on his own material. After rebuffing much interest from record labels[2] and his fathers manager Herb Cohen,[3] he signed with Columbia, recruited a band, and recorded what would be his only studio album, Grace. Over the following two years, the band toured widely to promote the album, including concerts in the U.S., Europe, Japan and Australia. In 1996, they stopped touring[4] and made sporadic attempts to record his second album in New York with Tom Verlaine as producer. In 1997, Buckley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to resume work on the album, to be titled My Sweetheart the Drunk, recording many four-track demos while also playing weekly solo shows at a local venue. While awaiting the arrival of his band from New York, he drowned during a spontaneous evening swim — fully clothed — in the Wolf River, when he was caught in the wake of a passing boat. His body was found on June 4, 1997.[5] Since his death, there have been many posthumous releases of his material, including a collection of four-track demos and studio recordings for his unfinished second album My Sweetheart the Drunk and expansions of debut album Grace and his Live at Sin-é EP. Chart success also came posthumously; with Leonard Cohens song, "Hallelujah" he attained his first #1 on Billboards Hot Digital Songs in March 2008 and reached #2 in the UK Singles Chart in Christmas 2008. Buckley and his work remain popular[6] and are regularly featured in greatest lists in the music press.[7][8] Contents [hide] Born in Anaheim, California,[1] Buckley was the only son of Mary Guibert and Tim Buckley. His mother was a Panama Canal Zonian of mixed Greek, French, American and Panamanian descent,[9] while his father was the son of an Irish American father and an Italian American mother.[10] Buckley was raised by his mother and stepfather, Ron Moorhead, in Southern California, and had a half-brother, Corey Moorhead.[11][12] Buckley moved many times in and around Orange County while growing up with a single mother, an upbringing Buckley called "rootless trailer trash".[13] As a child, Buckley was known as Scott "Scotty" Moorhead based on his middle name and his stepfathers surname. [1] His biological father, Tim Buckley, was a singer-songwriter who released a series of highly acclaimed folk and jazz albums in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Buckley said he only met him once at the age of eight.[14] After his father died of a drug overdose in 1975,[15] he chose to go by Buckley and his real first name, which he found on his birth certificate.[16] To members of his family he remained "Scotty".[17] Buckley was brought up around music. His mother was a classically trained pianist and cellist. [18] His stepfather introduced him to Led Zeppelin, Queen, Jimi Hendrix, The Who, and Pink Floyd at an early age.[19] Buckley grew up singing around the house and in harmony with his mother,[20] later noting that all his family sang.[21] Buckley began playing guitar at the age of five after discovering an acoustic guitar in his grandmothers closet.[22] Led Zeppelins Physical Graffiti was the first album he ever owned;[23] the hard rock band Kiss was also an early favorite.[24] At the age of 12, he decided to become a musician,[23] and received his first electric guitar — a black Les Paul — at the age of 13.[25] He attended Loara High School,[26] and played in the schools jazz band.[27] During this time, he developed an affinity for progressive rock bands such as Rush, Genesis, and Yes, as well as jazz fusion guitarist Al Di Meola.[28] After graduating from high school, he moved north to Hollywood to attend the Musicians Institute,[29] completing the one-year course at the age of 19.[30] Buckley later told Rolling Stone the school was "the biggest waste of time",[23] but noted in an interview with Double Take Magazine that he appreciated studying music theory there, saying, "I was attracted to really interesting harmonies, stuff that I would hear in Ravel, Ellington, Bartók."[31]
  • 191.  Ian Fraser "Lemmy" Kilmister (born on 24 December 1945 in Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England) is an English heavy metal musician. He is best known as bassist, vocalist, songwriter and founding and sole constant member of the rock band Motörhead as well as a member of Hawkwind. His appearance, including his friendly mutton chops, prominent facial moles, and gravelly voice, has made him a cult icon. Lemmy was born on Christmas Eve in 1945 in Burslem, Stoke on Trent, England.[2][3] When Lemmy was three months old, his father, an ex-Royal Air Force chaplain, separated from his mother. His mother and grandmother settled in Newcastle-under-Lyme then moved on to Madeley, Staffordshire.[4] When Lemmy was 10, his mother married George Willis, who had two older children from a previous marriage, Patricia and Tony, with whom he did not get along. The family moved to a farm in Benllech, Anglesey, North Wales[5] and it was during this time that he started to show an interest in rock and roll music, girls and horses. He attended Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones school in Amlwch, where he was nicknamed Lemmy, although he is unsure why and it would later be claimed that it originated from the phrase "lemmy a quid till Friday" because of his habit of borrowing money from people to feed his addiction to fruit machines (slot machines).[4][6][7] He saw The Beatles perform at the Cavern Club when he was 16, then played guitar along to their first album, Please Please Me, learning the chords. He also admired the sarcastic attitude of the group, particularly that of John Lennon.[8] Upon leaving school and with his family relocated in Conwy, Lemmy undertook menial jobs including working at the local Hotpoint factory while also playing guitar for local bands, such as The Sundowners and spending time at a horse riding school. At the age of 17, he met a holidaying girl named Cathy. Lemmy followed her to Stockport, Cheshire, where she had his son Sean. In Stockport, he joined local bands The Rainmakers and then The Motown Sect who enjoyed playing northern clubs for three years. Wanting to progress further, in 1965 he joined The Rockin Vickers[9] who signed a deal with CBS, released three singles and toured Europe, reportedly being the first British band to visit Yugoslavia. With the band living in a Manchester flat, he had a relationship with a girl named Tracy who bore him a son, Paul Inder, although it would not be until the boy was 6 that Lemmy had any involvement with the child.[4] In the film Lemmy he speaks briefly of having another son by an unnamed woman. It appears this child was adopted because the mother has only recently "found him" and "hadnt got the heart to tell him who his father was". Wanting to progress even further, Lemmy relocated to London in 1967. Sharing a flat with Noel Redding and Neville Chesters, he got a job as a roadie for The Jimi Hendrix Experience. In 1968 he joined Sam Gopal and recorded the album Escalator and the single "Horse". After meeting Simon King in a Chelsea shopping centre during 1969, he joined the band Opal Butterfly, but the band soon folded, having previously failed to raise enough interest with their preceding CBS singles.[4] At that point Lemmy thought about changing his legal name to his stepfathers surname of Willis, but with his actual fathers surname of Kilmister, he decided changing his birth certificate and passport would be too much hassle, so did not bother. An attempted reconciliation in 1970 between Lemmy and his birth father broke down, with Lemmy describing him as a "nasty little weasel".[10] [ 1]
  • 192.  Jethro Tull are a British rock group formed in Luton, Bedfordshire, in December 1967.[1] Their music is characterised by the vocals, acoustic guitar, and flute playing of Ian Anderson, who has led the band since its founding, and the guitar work of Martin Barre, who has been with the band since 1969, after he replaced Mick Abrahams. Initially playing blues rock with an experimental flavour, they have also incorporated elements of classical music, folk music, jazz, hard rock and art rock into their music.[2] One of the worlds best-selling music artists, the band have sold more than 60 million albums worldwide[1] in a career that has spanned more than forty years. Ian Andersons first band started in 1962 in Blackpool and was known as The Blades. The group featured Anderson on vocals and harmonica, Jeffrey Hammond on bass, John Evans on drums, and a guitarist named either Hipgrave or Michael Stephans.[3] Drummer Barrie Barlow became a member in 1963 after Evans had switched from drums to piano.[4] By 1964 the band had developed into a seven-piece Blue-eyed soul band called The John Evan Band (later The John Evan Smash). By this point Evans had shortened his surname to "Evan" at the insistence of Hammond, who thought it sounded better and more unusual. In 1967 the band moved to the London area, basing themselves in nearby Luton;[1] they also travelled to Liverpool. However, money remained short and within days of the move most of the band quit and headed back north, leaving Anderson and bassist Glenn Cornick (who had replaced Hammond) to join forces with blues guitarist Mick Abrahams and his friend, drummer Clive Bunker, both from the Luton-based band McGregors Engine.[5] At first, the new band had trouble getting repeat bookings and they took to changing their name frequently to continue playing the London club circuit. Band names were often supplied by their booking agents staff, one of whom, a history enthusiast, eventually christened them "Jethro Tull" after the 18th-century agriculturist. The name stuck because they happened to be using it the first time a club manager liked their show enough to invite them to return.[6] They were signed to the blossoming Ellis-Wright agency, and became the third band managed by the soon-to-be Chrysalis empire. It was around this time that Anderson purchased a flute after becoming frustrated with his inability to play guitar like Eric Clapton. Their first single was released in 1968, written by Abrahams and produced by Derek Lawrence, and called "Sunshine Day"; on the label the groups name was misspelled "Jethro Toe", making it a collectors item.[7] "Sunshine Day" was unsuccessful. They released their first album This Was in 1968.[1] In addition to music written by Anderson and Abrahams the album included the traditional "Cats Squirrel", which highlighted Abrahams blues-rock style. The Rahsaan Roland Kirk-penned jazz piece "Serenade to a Cuckoo" gave Anderson a showcase for his growing talents on the flute, an instrument which he started learning to play only half a year before the release of the album.[citation needed] The overall sound of the group at this time was described in the Record Mirror by Anderson in 1968 as "a sort of progressive blues with a bit of jazz."[8] Following this album, Abrahams left after a falling out with Anderson and formed his own band, Blodwyn Pig.[1] There were a number of reasons for his departure: he was a blues purist, while Anderson wanted to branch out into other forms of music; Abrahams and Cornick did not get along; and Abrahams was unwilling to travel internationally or play more than three nights a week, while the others wanted to be successful by playing as often as possible and building an international fan base.[citation needed] Guitarist Tony Iommi, from the group Earth (who would soon change their name to Black Sabbath), took on guitar duties for a short time after the departure of Abrahams, appearing in The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus, in which the group (all but Ians vocals, which were recorded live) mimed "A Song For Jeffrey" in December 1968. Iommi returned to Earth thereafter. David OList (who had just left the Nice) also deputised on guitar with Jethro Tull for a few shows and was briefly considered as a possible permanent replacement for Abrahams, although plans of OList becoming a full fledged member of the band never materialised.[9]
  • 193.  Theodore Anthony "Ted" Nugent ( /tɛd ˈ ʒ nuˈdɨnt/; born December 13, 1948) is an American guitarist, musician, singer, author, and activist. From Detroit, Michigan, he gained fame as the lead guitarist of The Amboy Dukes before embarking on a solo career. He is noted for his conservative political views and his defense of hunting and gun ownership rights. Nugent was born and raised in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Marion Dorothy (née Johnson) and Warren Henry Nugent.[1][2] Nugents father was an Army staff sergeant, and he was raised in a very strict household. [3] He moved to Palatine, Illinois, as a teenager, and has two brothers: John and Jeffrey. Raised Catholic, Nugent has mentioned his ties with the Christian faith many times during interviews, and has stated that he regularly attends church. He attended St. Viator High School in Arlington Heights, IL. Nugent has released more than 34 albums and has sold a career total of 30 million records. He was known throughout his early career in the 1970s for using Fender amps, a large part of his signature sound, and for playing the hollow-body Gibson Byrdland guitar. Nugent dropped the Amboy Dukes band name for good in 1975, and signed to Epic Records. Derek St. Holmes (guitar, vocals), Rob Grange (bass) and Clifford Davies (drums) were the primary additional band members for his 1970s multi-platinum[10] albums: Ted Nugent (1975), Free-for-All (1976) and Cat Scratch Fever (1977). These albums produced the popular radio anthems "Hey Baby", "Stranglehold", "Dog Eat Dog", and "Cat Scratch Fever". It was during these three years that Nugent emerged as a guitar hero to hard rock fans, many of whom were unaware of his lengthy apprenticeship with the Amboy Dukes.[11] This band lineup toured extensively, also releasing the multi-platinum live album Double Live Gonzo!, until its breakup in 1978 when St. Holmes and Grange departed. St. Holmes was replaced by Charlie Huhn and Grange by Dave Kiswiney. Davies left around 1982 after staying on to record Weekend Warriors (1978), State of Shock (1979), Scream Dream (1980) and Intensities in 10 Cities (1981). On July 8, 1979, Ted was on the rock radio program King Biscuit Flower Hour. This was the original broadcast of Teds performance of Live at Hammersmith 79 which had been recorded during the second set of a night at Londons Hammersmith Odeon in 1979. An album of this program was released in 1997. During this era, Nugent was notable for his declarations that he did not drink alcoholic beverages or smoke tobacco or marijuana. In an interview for VH1s Behind The Music, Nugent said this was due to his fathers having reprimanded him when he came home smelling of alcohol after a night of drinking. Nugent has been cited as an influence on the straight edge movement, which disavows drinking and recreational drug use.[12]
  • 194.  David Scott "Dave" Mustaine (born September 13, 1961) is the founder, main songwriter, lead guitarist, and lead vocalist for the American heavy metal band Megadeth. Prior to Megadeth, Mustaine was the 1st lead guitarist and a co-songwriter of the heavy metal band Metallica until he was fired from the band in 1983. In 2009, he was ranked No. 1 in Joel McIvers book The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists.[1] Mustaine was ranked 89th by Hit Parader on their list of the 100 Greatest Metal Vocalists of All Time.[2] He is also the manager for the Canadian band, Baptized in Blood. Dave Mustaine was born in La Mesa, California, to Emily and John Mustaine. His mother was Jewish but Dave was brought up as a Jehovahs Witness. By the age of 16, Mustaine had rented his own apartment and was surviving financially by dealing drugs. [3] One of his clients, Willow[citation needed], was often short of cash, but worked in a record store, so in return for drugs, she offered albums by artists such as Iron Maiden, AC/DC, Motörhead and Judas Priest in trade,[3] which helped form his taste in heavy metal. In the late 1970s, Mustaine began playing electric guitar, most notably a B.C. Rich and joined a band known as Panic for a short time. In 1981, Mustaine left Panic to join Metallica as the lead guitarist. Metallicas drummer Lars Ulrich had posted an ad in a local newspaper, The Recycler, looking for a lead guitarist. In his own words, Mustaine remembers his first meeting with James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich: "I was in the room warming up and I walked out and asked, Well, am I gonna audition or what?, and they said, no, youve got the job. I couldnt believe how easy it had been and suggested that we get some beer to celebrate."[5] Mustaines membership in Metallica lasted less than two years. Brian Slagel, owner of Metal Blade Records, recalls in an interview: "Dave was an incredibly talented guy but he also had an incredibly large problem with alcohol and drugs. Hed get wasted and become a real crazy person, a raging megamaniac, and the other guys just couldnt deal with that after a while. I mean, they all drank of course, but Dave drank more...much more. I could see they were beginning to get fed up of seeing Dave drunk out of his mind all the time." [6] On one occasion, Mustaine brought his dog to rehearsal; the dog jumped onto the car of Metallica bassist Ron McGovney and scratched the paint. Hetfield allegedly yelled at Mustaines dog and kicked it in anger, to which Mustaine responded by physically attacking Hetfield and McGovney and verbally abusing Ulrich. Mustaine was fired following the altercation, but the next day, Mustaine asked to be allowed back in the band and was granted his request. Another incident occurred when Mustaine, who had been drinking, poured a full can of beer down the neck and into the pick- ups of Ron McGovneys bass. When McGovney tried playing it, he received an electrical shock which he claims blew him across the room and shocked the hell out of him. McGovney then told Mustaine and Hetfield to leave his house and left the band shortly after.[7] On April 11, 1983, after Metallica had driven to New York to record their debut album, Mustaine was officially fired from the band because of his alcoholism, drug abuse, overly aggressive behavior, and personality clashes with founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, an incident Mustaine refers to as "no warning, no second chance". The band packed up Daves gear, drove him to the Port Authority Bus Terminal, and put him on a Greyhound bus bound for Los Angeles.[5] It was on this bus ride that Mustaine scribbled some lyrical ideas on the back of a hand bill, which would later become the song "Set The World Afire" from the 1988 Megadeth album So Far, So Good... So What! During his time in Metallica, Dave Mustaine toured with the band, co-wrote four songs which appeared on Kill Em All, and co-wrote two songs which would eventually appear on Ride the Lightning. Mustaine has also made unverified claims to have written parts of "Leper Messiah" from Master of Puppets.[5] He also recorded several songs with the band including the No Life Til Leather demo tape. A few of the songs he wrote with Hetfield and Ulrich went on to be re-recorded by Metallica. The most well-known of these is "The Four Horsemen" from Kill Em All, which Mustaine wrote as "The Mechanix" and later released on Megadeths debut album with the original lyrics as "Mechanix".[citation needed
  • 195.  Yusuf Islam (born Steven Demetre Georgiou, 21 July 1948), commonly known by his former stage name Cat Stevens, is an English singer- songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, educator, philanthropist, and prominent convert to Islam.[3] His early 1970s record albums Tea for the Tillerman and Teaser and the Firecat were both certified triple platinum in the United States by the RIAA.[4] His 1972 album Catch Bull at Four sold half a million copies in the first two weeks of release alone and was Billboards number-one LP for three consecutive weeks.[5] He has also earned two ASCAP songwriting awards in consecutive years for "The First Cut Is the Deepest", which has been a hit single for four different artists.[6] Stevens converted to Islam in December 1977[7] and adopted the name Yusuf Islam the following year. In 1979, he auctioned all his guitars for charity[8] and left his music career to devote himself to educational and philanthropic causes in the Muslim community. He has been given several awards for his work in promoting peace in the world, including the 2003 World Award, the 2004 Man for Peace Award, and the 2007 Mediterranean Prize for Peace. In 2006, he returned to pop music with his first album of new pop songs in 28 years, entitled An Other Cup. He now goes professionally by the single name Yusuf.[9][10] His most recent album, Roadsinger, was released on 5 May 2009. Steven Georgiou, born in Marylebone, London, England,[11] was the third child of a Greek-Cypriot father, Stavros Georgiou (b. 1900),[12] and a Swedish mother, Ingrid Wickman (b. 1915).[13] He has an older sister, Anita, and brother, David.[11] The family lived above the Moulin Rouge, a restaurant that his parents operated on the north end of Shaftesbury Avenue which was a short walk from Piccadilly Circus in the Soho theatre district of London. All family members worked in the restaurant.[11] His parents divorced when he was about 8 years old, but they continued to maintain the family restaurant and live above it. Although his father was Greek Orthodox and his mother a Swedish Baptist, Georgiou was sent to a Catholic school, St. Joseph Roman Catholic Primary School in Macklin Street, which was closer to his fathers business on Drury Lane.[14] Georgiou developed an interest in piano at a fairly young age, eventually using the family baby grand piano to work out the chords, since no one else there played well enough to teach him.[15] Inspired by the popularity of The Beatles, at age 15 he extended his interest to the guitar,[7] convinced his father to pay £8 for his first instrument, and began playing it and writing songs.[15] He would escape at times from his family responsibilities to the rooftop above their home, and listen to the tunes of the musicals drifting from just around the corner[11] from Denmark Street, which was then the centre of the British music industry.[7] Later, Stevens has emphasised that the advent of West Side Story in particular affected him, giving him a "different view of life", he said in 2000, on a VH1 Behind the Music programme.[16] With interests in both art and music, he and his mother moved to Gävle, Sweden, where he attended primary school (Solängsskolan) and started developing his drawing skills after being influenced by his uncle Hugo Wickman, a painter. They subsequently returned to England.[17] He attended other local West End schools, where he says he was constantly in trouble, and did poorly in everything but art. He was called "the artist boy" and mentions that "I was beat up, but I was noticed".[18] He went on to take a one-year course of study at Hammersmith School of Art,[19] as he considered a career as a cartoonist. Though he enjoyed art (his later record albums would feature his original artwork on his album covers),[18] he wanted to establish a musical career and began to perform originally under the stage name "Steve Adams" in 1965 while at Hammersmith.[19][20] At that point, his goal was to become a songwriter. Among the musicians who influenced him were Bob Dylan, Nina Simone, blues artists Lead Belly and Muddy Waters,[21] John Lennon, Biff Rose (who played on his first album), Leo Kottke,[18] and Paul Simon.[22] He also wanted to emulate composers who wrote musicals, like Ira Gershwin and Leonard Bernstein. In 1965 he signed a publishing deal with Ardmore & Beechwood and cut several demos, including "The First Cut Is the Deepest".[23]
  • 196.  Neil Diamond (born January 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter with a career spanning over five decades from the 1960s until the present. As of 2001, Diamond had sold over 115 million records worldwide including 48 million in the United States alone.[1][2] He is considered to be the third most successful adult contemporary artist ever on the Billboard chart behind Barbra Streisand and Elton John.[1] His songs have been covered internationally by many performers from various musical genres. Diamond was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1984 and into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2011. Additionally, he received the Sammy Cahn Lifetime Achievement Award in 2000 and in 2011 was an honoree at the Kennedy Center Honors. He has eight number one hit singles with "Cracklin Rosie", "Song Sung Blue", "Desiree", "You Dont Bring Me Flowers", "Love on the Rocks", "America", "Yesterdays Songs", and "Heartlight". Diamond continues to record and release new material and maintains an extensive touring schedule as well.
  • 197.  James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist. A five-time Grammy Award winner, Taylor was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2000. Taylor achieved his major breakthrough in 1970 with the #3 single "Fire and Rain" and had his first #1 hit the following year with "Youve Got a Friend", a recording of Carole Kings classic song. His 1976 Greatest Hits album was certified Diamond and has sold 12 million US copies. Following his 1977 album, JT, he has retained a large audience over the decades. His commercial achievements declined slightly until a big resurgence during the late 1990s and 2000s, when some of his best-selling and most-awarded albums (including Hourglass, October Road and Covers) were released James Taylor was born at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, on March 12, 1948, where his father, Isaac M. Taylor, was a resident physician.[2][3] His father was from a well-off family of Southern Scottish ancestry.[2] His mother, the former Gertrude Woodard, had studied singing with Marie Sundelius at the New England Conservatory of Music and was an aspiring opera singer before the couples marriage in 1946.[2][4] James was the second of five children, the others being Alex (1947-1993), Kate (born 1949), Livingston (born 1950), and Hugh (born 1952).[5] In 1951, when James was three years old, the family moved to what was then the countryside of Chapel Hill, North Carolina,[6] when Isaac took a job as Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.[7] They built a house in the Morgan Creek area off of what is now Morgan Creek Road, which was sparsely populated. [8] James would later say, "Chapel Hill, the Piedmont, the outlying hills, were tranquil, rural, beautiful, but quiet. Thinking of the red soil, the seasons, the way things smelled down there, I feel as though my experience of coming of age there was more a matter of landscape and climate than people." [8] James attended public primary school in Chapel Hill.[2] Isaacs career prospered, but he was frequently away from home, either on military service at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland or as part of Operation Deep Freeze in Antarctica during 1955– 1956.[9] Isaac Taylor later rose to become Dean of the UNC School of Medicine from 1964 to 1971.[10] The family spent summers on Marthas Vineyard beginning in 1953.[11] Taylor first learned to play the cello as a child in North Carolina, and switched to the guitar in 1960.[12] His style on that instrument evolved from listening to hymns, carols, and Woody Guthrie, while his technique derived from his bass clef-oriented cello training and from experimenting on his sister Kates keyboards: "My style was a finger-picking style that was meant to be like a piano, as if my thumb were my left hand, and my first, second, and third fingers were my right hand." [13] He began attending Milton Academy, a prep boarding school in Massachusetts in Fall 1961; summering before then with his family on Marthas Vineyard, he met Danny Kortchmar, an aspiring teenage guitarist from Larchmont, New York.[14] The two began listening to and playing blues and folk music together, and Kortchmar quickly realized that Taylors singing had a "natural sense of phrasing, every syllable beautifully in time. I knew James had that thing."[15] Taylor wrote his first song on guitar at age 14, and continued to learn the instrument effortlessly.[13] By the summer of 1963, he and Kortchmar were playing coffeehouses around the Vineyard, billed as "Jamie & Kootch".[16] Taylor faltered during his junior year at Milton, not feeling at ease in the high-pressured college prep environment despite having good scholastic performance.[17] The Milton principal would later say, "James was more sensitive and less goal oriented than most students of his day." [18] He returned home to North Carolina to finish out the semester at Chapel Hill High School.[17] There he joined a band his brother Alex had formed called The Corsayers (later The Fabulous Corsairs), playing electric guitar; in 1964 they cut a single in Raleigh that featured Jamess song "Cha Cha Blues" on the B-side.[17] Having lost touch with his former school friends in North Carolina, Taylor returned to Milton for his senior year. [17] There, Taylor started applying to colleges,[19] but soon descended into depression; his grades collapsed, he slept twenty hours a day, and he felt part of a "life that I [was] unable to lead."[17][20] In late 1965 he committed himself to the renowned McLean Hospital in Belmont, Massachusetts,[17] where he was treated with Thorazine and where the organized days began to give him a sense of time and structure.[18][20] As the Vietnam War built up, Taylor received a psychological rejection from Selective Service System when he appeared before them with two white-suited McLean assistants and was uncommunicative.[21] Taylor earned a high school diploma in 1966 from the hospitals associated Arlington School. [21] He would later view his nine-month stay at McLean as "a lifesaver ... like a pardon or like a reprieve,"[20] and both his brother Livingston and sister Kate would later be patients and students there as well.[18] As for his mental health struggles, Taylor would think of them as innate, and say: "Its an inseparable part of my personality that I have these feelings."[19]
  • 198.  Neil Percival Young,[3] OC,[4] OM[5] (born November 12, 1945) is a Canadian singer-songwriter who is widely regarded as one of the most influential musicians of his generation.[6] Young began performing as a solo artist in Canada in 1960, before moving to California in 1966, where he co-founded the band Buffalo Springfield along with Stephen Stills and Richie Furay, and later joined Crosby, Stills & Nash as a fourth member in 1969. He forged a successful and acclaimed solo career, releasing his first album in 1968; his career has since spanned over 40 years and 34 studio albums, with a continual and uncompromising exploration of musical styles.[6] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame website describes Young as "one of rock and roll’s greatest songwriters and performers".[7] He has been inducted into the Hall of Fame twice: first as a solo artist in 1995, and second as a member of Buffalo Springfield in 1997.[8] Youngs work is characterized by his distinctive guitar work, deeply personal lyrics [9][10][11] and signature alto or high tenor singing voice.[12][13] Although he accompanies himself on several different instruments, including piano and harmonica, his idiosyncratic electric and clawhammer acoustic guitar playing are the defining characteristics of a varyingly ragged and melodic sound. While Young has experimented with differing music styles, including swing and electronic music throughout a varied career, his best known work usually falls into two primary styles: acoustic (folk and country rock) and electric (amplified hard rock, very often in collaboration with the band Crazy Horse). Young has also adopted elements from newer styles such as alternative rock and grunge. His influence on the latter caused some to dub him the "Godfather of Grunge".[14] Young has directed (or co-directed) a number of films using the pseudonym Bernard Shakey, including Journey Through the Past (1973), Rust Never Sleeps (1979), Human Highway (1982), Greendale (2003), and CSNY/Déjà Vu (2008). He is currently working on a documentary about electric car technology, tentatively titled Linc/Volt. The project involves a 1959 Lincoln Continental converted to hybrid technology, which Young plans to drive to Washington, D.C. as an environmentalist example to lawmakers there.[15] Young is an outspoken advocate for environmental issues and the welfare of small farmers, having co-founded in 1985 the benefit concert Farm Aid. In 1986, Young helped found The Bridge School,[16] an educational organization for children with severe verbal and physical disabilities, and its annual supporting Bridge School Benefit concerts, together with his wife Pegi Young (née Morton). Young has three children: sons Zeke (born during his relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress) and Ben, who were diagnosed with cerebral palsy, and daughter Amber Jean who, like Young himself, has epilepsy. Young lives on his ranch in La Honda, California. Although he has lived in northern California since the 1970s and sings as frequently about U.S. themes and subjects as he does about his native country, he retains Canadian citizenship, having no desire to relinquish it.[17] On July 14, 2006, Young was awarded the Order of Manitoba,[5] and on December 30, 2009, was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.[4]
  • 199.  Crosby, Stills & Nash (CSN) is a folk rock supergroup made up of David Crosby, Stephen Stills and Graham Nash, also known as Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (CSNY) when joined by occasional fourth member Neil Young. They are noted for their intricate vocal harmonies (similar to Simon & Garfunkel), often tumultuous interpersonal relationships, political activism, and lasting influence on music and culture. All four members of CSNY have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice,[1] though Youngs multiple inductions were for work not involving the group. Prior to the formation of CSN, each member of the band had belonged to another prominent group. David Crosby had performed rhythm guitar and vocals with folk-rock group The Byrds, Stephen Stills had been a guitarist and songwriter in the band Buffalo Springfield, and Graham Nash had been a guitarist, vocalist and songwriter with The Hollies, one of the "British Invasion" acts. Friction existed between David Crosby and his bandmates in the Byrds, and he was dismissed from the band in late 1967.[2] By early 1968, Buffalo Springfield had also disintegrated over personal issues, and after aiding in putting together the band’s final album, Stephen Stills found himself unemployed by the summer. He and Crosby began meeting informally and jamming, and the result of one encounter in Florida on Crosby’s schooner was the song “Wooden Ships,” composed in collaboration with another guest, Paul Kantner of Jefferson Airplane.[3] Graham Nash had been introduced to Crosby when The Byrds had toured the United Kingdom in 1966, and when The Hollies ventured to California in 1968, Nash resumed his acquaintance with Crosby.[4] At a party in July 1968 at Cass Elliots house, Nash asked Stills and Crosby to repeat their performance of a new song by Stills, “You Dont Have To Cry,” with Nash improvising a second harmony part.[5] The vocals jelled, and the three realized that they had a unique vocal chemistry. Creatively frustrated with The Hollies, Nash decided to quit and throw his lot in with Crosby and Stills. After failing an audition with The Beatles Apple Records, they were signed to Atlantic Records by Ahmet Ertegün, who had been a fan of Buffalo Springfield and was disappointed by that bands demise.[6] From the outset, given their respective band histories, the trio decided not to be locked into a group structure, using their surnames as identification to ensure independence and a guarantee against the band simply continuing without one of them, as had both The Byrds and The Hollies after the departures of Crosby and Nash. Their record contract with Atlantic reflected this, positioning CSN with a unique flexibility unheard-of for an untested group. The trio also picked up a unique management team in Elliot Roberts and David Geffen, who had engineered their situation with Atlantic and would help to consolidate clout for the group in the industry.[7] Roberts kept the band focused and dealt with egos, while Geffen handled the business deals, since, in Crosby’s words, they needed a shark and Geffen was it.[8] Roberts and Geffen would play key roles in securing the band’s success during the early years. When it was announced that the band was forming, they ran into a slight contractual problem. Nash was already signed to Epic Records, the North American distributor of records by The Hollies, while Crosby and Stills were signed to Atlantic. In order to resolve this problem, Geffen engineered a deal whereby Nash was essentially traded to Atlantic for the rights to Richie Furays band Poco; Furay was signed to Atlantic as a result of his membership in Buffalo Springfield.
  • 200.  John R. "Johnny" Cash (February 26, 1932 – September 12, 2003), was an American singer-songwriter, actor,[2] and author,[2] who has been called one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century.[3] Although he is primarily remembered as a country music icon, his songs and sound spanned many other genres including rockabilly and rock and roll—especially early in his career—as well as blues, folk, and gospel. This crossover appeal led to Cash being inducted in the Country Music Hall of Fame, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and Gospel Music Hall of Fame. Late in his career, Cash covered songs by several rock artists. Cash was known for his deep, distinctive bass-baritone voice;[4][5][6] for the "boom-chicka-boom" sound of his Tennessee Three backing band; for his rebelliousness,[7][8] coupled with an increasingly somber and humble demeanor;[4] for providing free concerts inside prison walls;[9][10] and for his dark performance clothing, which earned him the nickname "The Man in Black".[11] He traditionally started his concerts by saying, "Hello, Im Johnny Cash."[12][13] and usually following it up with his standard "Folsom Prison Blues." Much of Cashs music, especially that of his later career, echoed themes of sorrow, moral tribulation and redemption. [4][14] His signature songs include "I Walk the Line", "Folsom Prison Blues", "Ring of Fire", "Get Rhythm" and "Man in Black". He also recorded humorous numbers, including "One Piece at a Time" and "A Boy Named Sue"; a duet with his future wife, June Carter, called "Jackson"; as well as railroad songs including "Hey, Porter" and "Rock Island Line".[15] Cash, a troubled but devout Christian,[16][17] has been characterized as a "lens through which to view American contradictions and challenges." [18][19][20] A Biblical scholar,[2][21][22] he penned a Christian novel titled Man in White,[23][24] and he made a spoken word recording of the entire New King James Version of the New Testament.[25][26] Even so, Cash declared that he was "the biggest sinner of them all", and viewed himself overall as a complicated and contradictory man. [27][28] Accordingly,[29] Cash is said to have "contained multitudes", and has been deemed "the philosopher-prince of American country music".[30][31] Johnny Cash was born in Kingsland, Arkansas,[32] the fourth of seven children to Ray Cash (May 13, 1897, Kingsland, Arkansas – December 23, 1985, Hendersonville, Tennessee)[33] and Carrie Cloveree Rivers (March 13, 1904, Rison, Arkansas – March 11, 1991, Hendersonville, Tennessee).[34][35] Cash was named John R. Cash because his parents couldnt think of a name, but he went by J. R. all throughout his childhood as a shortened version of his real name. When Cash enlisted in the Air Force, they wouldnt let him use initials as his name, so he began to use his legal name of John R. Cash. In 1955, when signing with Sun Records, he took Johnny Cash as his stage name.[36] The Cash children were, in order: Roy, Margaret Louise, Jack, J. R., Reba, Joanne and Tommy. [37][38] His younger brother, Tommy Cash, also became a successful country artist. In March 1935, when Cash was three years old, the family settled in Dyess, Arkansas. J.R. was working in cotton fields beginning at age five, singing along with his family simultaneously while working. The family farm was flooded on at least two occasions, which later inspired him to write the song "Five Feet High and Rising".[39] His familys economic and personal struggles during the Great Depression inspired many of his songs, especially those about other people facing similar difficulties. Cash was very close to his older brother, Jack.[40] In May 1944, Jack was pulled into a whirling head saw in the mill where he worked and was almost cut in two. He suffered for over a week before he died on May 20, 1944, at age 15.[39] Cash often spoke of the horrible guilt he felt over this incident. According to Cash: The Autobiography, his father was away that morning, but he and his mother, and Jack himself, all had premonitions or a sense of foreboding about that day, causing his mother to urge Jack to skip work and go fishing with his brother. Jack insisted on working, as the family needed the money. On his deathbed, Jack said he had visions of heaven and angels. Decades later, Cash spoke of looking forward to meeting his brother in heaven. Cashs early memories were dominated by gospel music and radio. Taught by his mother and a childhood friend, Cash began playing guitar and writing songs as a young boy. In high school he sang on a local radio station; decades later he released an album of traditional gospel songs, called My Mothers Hymn Book. He was also significantly influenced by traditional Irish music that he heard performed weekly by Dennis Day on the Jack Benny radio program.[41] Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force on July 7, 1950.[42] After basic training at Lackland Air Force Base and technical training at Brooks Air Force Base, both in San Antonio, Texas, Cash was assigned to a U.S. Air Force Security Service unit, assigned as a Morse Code Intercept Operator for Soviet Army transmissions at Landsberg, Germany "where he created his first band named The Landsberg Barbarians."[43] He was the first radio operator to pick up the news of the death of Joseph Stalin.[44] After he was honorably discharged as a Staff Sergeant on July 3, 1954, he returned to Texas.[45] [edit] Marriages and family
  • 201.  Lewis Allan "Lou" Reed[1] (born on March 2, 1942) is an American rock musician, songwriter, and photographer. He is best known as guitarist, vocalist, and principal songwriter of The Velvet Underground, and for his solo career, which has spanned several decades. Though the Velvet Underground were a commercial failure in the late 1960s, the group has gained a considerable cult following in the years since its demise and has gone on to become one of the most widely cited and influential bands of the era.[2] As the Velvet Undergrounds principal songwriter, Reed wrote about subjects of personal experience that rarely had been examined so openly in rock and roll, including sexuality and drug culture. After his departure from the group, Reed began a solo career in 1971. He had a hit the following year with "Walk on the Wild Side", although he subsequently lacked the mainstream commercial success its chart status seemed to indicate.[3] Reeds work as a solo artist frustrated critics wishing for a return of the Velvet Underground. In 1975 Reed released a double album of feedback loops, Metal Machine Music, upon which he later commented: "No one is supposed to be able to do a thing like that and survive."[4] In 2008, Reed married performance artist Laurie Anderson.[ Reed was born at Beth El Hospital in Brooklyn and grew up in Freeport, Long Island[citation needed]. Contrary to some sources, his birth name was Lewis Allan Reed, not Louis Firbanks,[6] a name that was coined as a joke by Lester Bangs in Creem magazine. Having learned to play the guitar from the radio, he developed an early interest in rock and roll and rhythm and blues, and during high school played in a number of bands.[7] His first recording was as a member of a doo wop-style group called The Jades. In 1956 Reed received electroconvulsive therapy as a teenager intended to cure his bisexuality;[8] he wrote about the experience in his 1974 song, "Kill Your Sons". In an interview, Reed said of the experience: "They put the thing down your throat so you dont swallow your tongue, and they put electrodes on your head. Thats what was recommended in Rockland County to discourage homosexual feelings. The effect is that you lose your memory and become a vegetable. You cant read a book because you get to page 17 and have to go right back to page one again." —Lou Reed quoted in Please Kill Me (1996)[9] Reed began attending Syracuse University in the fall of 1960, studying journalism, film directing, and creative writing. In 1961 he began hosting a late-night radio program on WAER called "Excursions On A Wobbly Rail".[7] Named after a song by pianist Cecil Taylor, the program typically featured doo wop, rhythm and blues and jazz, particularly the free jazz developed in the mid-1950s.[10] Many of Reeds guitar techniques, such as the guitar-drum roll, were inspired by jazz saxophonists, notably Ornette Coleman. Reed graduated from Syracuse Universitys College of Arts and Sciences with a B.A. in June 1964.[8] Poet Delmore Schwartz taught at Syracuse University and befriended Reed, who in 1966 dedicated the song "European Son", from the Velvet Undergrounds debut album The Velvet Underground & Nico, to Schwartz.[11] In 1982, Reed recorded "My House" as a tribute to his late mentor. He later said that his goals as a writer were "to bring the sensitivities of the novel to rock music" or to write the Great American Novel in a record album.[12 5]
  • 202.  Michael Lee Aday (born Marvin Lee Aday; September 27, 1947), better known by his stage name, Meat Loaf, is an American hard rock musician and actor. He is noted for the Bat Out of Hell album trilogy consisting of Bat Out of Hell, Bat Out of Hell II: Back Into Hell and Bat Out of Hell III: The Monster is Loose. Bat Out of Hell has sold more than 43 million copies.[1] After more than 30 years, it still sells an estimated 200,000 copies annually and stayed on the charts for over nine years, making it one of the best selling albums of all time.[2][3] Although he enjoyed success with Bat Out of Hell and Bat Out of Hell II: Back Into Hell and earned a Grammy Award for Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo for the song "Id Do Anything for Love (But I Wont Do That)" on the latter album, Meat Loaf experienced some initial difficulty establishing a steady career within his native US. However, he has retained iconic status and popularity in Europe, especially the UK, where he ranks 23rd for the number of weeks overall spent on the charts. He ranked 96th on VH1s "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock". Meat Loaf has also appeared in over 50 movies and television shows,[4] sometimes as himself or as characters resembling his stage persona. His most notable roles include Eddie in the American premiere of The Rocky Horror Show and The Rocky Horror Picture Show and Robert "Bob" Paulson in Fight Club. Meat Loaf was born in Dallas, Texas.[5] He was the first child of Wilma Artie (née Hukel), a school teacher and a member of the Vo-di-o-do Girls gospel quartet, and Orvis Wesley Aday, a police officer. His father was an alcoholic who would go on drinking binges for days at a time.[6] Marvin and his mother would drive around to all the bars in Dallas, looking for Orvis to take him home. Because of this, Marvin often stayed with his grandmother, Charlsee Norrod.[6] Meat Loaf relates a story in his autobiography, To Hell and Back, about how he, a friend, and his friends father drove out to Love Field to watch John F. Kennedy land. After watching him leave the airport, they went to Market Hall, which was on Kennedys parade route. On the way they heard that Kennedy had been shot, so they headed to Parkland Hospital, where they saw Jackie Kennedy get out of the car and Governor John Connally get pulled out, although they never saw the president taken out. In 1965, Marvin graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School, having already started his acting career via school productions such as Wheres Charley? and The Music Man.[7] After attending college at Lubbock Christian College, he transferred to North Texas State University (now the University of North Texas in Denton). After Marvin received his inheritance from his mothers death, he rented an apartment in Dallas and isolated himself for three and a half months. Eventually a friend found him. Marvin bought a car and drove to California.[8]
  • 203.  Bob Dylan ( /ˈ dɪlən/), born Robert Allen Zimmerman on May 24, 1941, is an American singer-songwriter, musician and artist. He has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for five decades.[1][2] Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s when he was an informal chronicler and a seemingly reluctant figurehead of social unrest. A number of Dylans early songs, such as "Blowin in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin", became anthems for the US civil rights[3] and anti-war[4] movements. Leaving his initial base in the culture of folk music behind, Dylans six-minute single "Like a Rolling Stone" has been described as radically altering the parameters of popular music in 1965.[5] However, his recordings employing electric instruments attracted denunciation and criticism from others in the folk movement. Dylans lyrics incorporated a variety of political, social, philosophical, and literary influences. They defied existing pop music conventions and appealed hugely to the then burgeoning counterculture. Initially inspired by the songs of Woody Guthrie,[6] Robert Johnson,[7] and Hank Williams, as well as the music and performance styles of Buddy Holly and Little Richard,[8] Dylan has both amplified and personalized musical genres. His recording career, spanning fifty years, has explored numerous distinct traditions in American song—from folk, blues and country to gospel, rock and roll, and rockabilly to English, Scottish, and Irish folk music, embracing even jazz and swing.[9] Dylan performs with guitar, keyboards, and harmonica. Backed by a changing line-up of musicians, he has toured steadily since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed the Never Ending Tour. His accomplishments as a recording artist and performer have been central to his career, but his greatest contribution is generally considered to be his songwriting.[1] Since 1994, Dylan has published three books of drawings and paintings, and his work has been exhibited in major art galleries. [10][11] As a songwriter and musician, Dylan has received numerous awards over the years including Grammy, Golden Globe, and Academy Awards; he has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, and Songwriters Hall of Fame. The Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a special citation for "his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power."[12] In April 2012, President Obama named Dylan as a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[13] Bob Dylan was born "Robert Allen Zimmerman" (Hebrew name [Shabtai Zisel ben Avraham])[14][15] in St. Marys Hospital on May 24, 1941, in Duluth, Minnesota,[16][17] and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Iron Range west of Lake Superior. His paternal grandparents, Zigman and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa in the Russian Empire (now Ukraine) to the United States following the anti-Semitic pogroms of 1905.[18] His maternal grandparents, Benjamin and Lybba Edelstein, were Lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902.[18] In his autobiography Chronicles: Volume One, Dylan writes that his paternal grandmothers maiden name was Kyrgyz and her family originated from Kars, Turkey.[19] Dylans parents, Abram Zimmerman and Beatrice "Beatty" Stone, were part of the areas small but close-knit Jewish community. Robert Zimmerman lived in Duluth until age six, when his father was stricken with polio and the family returned to his mothers home town, Hibbing, where Zimmerman spent the rest of his childhood. Robert Zimmerman spent much of his youth listening to the radio—first to blues and country stations broadcasting from Shreveport, Louisiana and, later, to early rock and roll.[8] He formed several bands while he attended Hibbing High School. The Shadow Blasters was short-lived, but his next, The Golden Chords, lasted longer and played covers of Little Richard rock and roll[20] and other popular songs.[21] Their performance of Danny and the Juniors "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay" at their high school talent show was so loud that the principal cut the microphone off. [22] In 1959, his high school yearbook carried, beneath his photo, the caption: "Robert Zimmerman: to join Little Richard." [20][23] The same year, using the name Elston Gunnn [sic], he performed two dates with Bobby Vee, playing piano and providing handclaps.[24][25][26] Zimmerman moved to Minneapolis in September 1959 and enrolled at the University of Minnesota, where his early focus on rock and roll gave way to an interest in American folk music. In 1985, Dylan explained the attraction that folk music had exerted on him:
  • 204.  Robert Clark "Bob" Seger (born May 6, 1945) is an American rock and roll singer- songwriter, guitarist and pianist. As a locally successful Detroit-area artist, he performed and recorded as Bob Seger and the Last Heard and Bob Seger System throughout the 1960s. By the early 1970s, he had dropped the "System" from his recordings, and he continued to strive for broader success with other various bands. In 1973, he put together The Silver Bullet Band, an evolving group of Detroit-area musicians, with whom he became most successful. In 1976, he achieved a national breakout with the album Night Moves. On his studio albums, he also worked extensively with the Alabama-based Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, appearing on several of Segers best selling singles and albums. A roots rocker with a classic raspy, shouting voice, Seger wrote and recorded songs that dealt with blue-collar themes and was an exemplar of heartland rock. Seger has recorded many hits, including "Night Moves", "Turn the Page", "Weve Got Tonight", "Against the Wind", and "Like a Rock", and also co-wrote the Eagles number-one hit "Heartache Tonight". His iconic recording of "Old Time Rock and Roll" was named one of the Songs of the Century in 2001. With a career spanning five decades, Seger continues to perform and record today. Seger was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004.
  • 205.  William Martin "Billy" Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American pianist, singer-songwriter, and composer. Since releasing his first hit song, "Piano Man", in 1973, Joel has become the sixth best-selling recording artist and the third best-selling solo artist in the United States, according to the RIAA.[3] Joel had Top 40 hits in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, achieving 33 Top 40 hits in the United States, all of which he wrote himself. He is also a six- time Grammy Award winner, a 23-time Grammy nominee and has sold over 150 million records worldwide.[4] He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame (1992), the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (1999), the Long Island Music Hall of Fame (2006), and the Hit Parade Hall of Fame (2009). In 2008, Billboard magazine released a list of the Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists to celebrate the US singles charts 50th anniversary, with Billy Joel positioned at No. 23. With the exception of the 2007 songs "All My Life" and "Christmas in Fallujah," Joel stopped recording pop/rock material after 1993s River of Dreams, but he continued to tour extensively until 2010.[ Joel was born in the Bronx[1] and raised in Hicksville, New York. His father, Howard (born Helmuth), was born in Germany, the son of German merchant and manufacturer Karl Amson Joel, who, after the advent of the Nazi regime, emigrated to Switzerland and later to the United States. Billy Joels mother, Rosalind Nyman, was born in England to Philip and Rebecca Nyman. Both Joels parents were Jewish. They divorced in 1960, and his father moved to Vienna, Austria. Billy has a sister, Judith Joel, and a half-brother, Alexander Joel, who is an acclaimed classical conductor in Europe and currently chief musical director of the Staatstheater Braunschweig.[6] Joels father was an accomplished classical pianist. Billy reluctantly began piano lessons at an early age, at his mothers insistence; his teachers included the noted American pianist Morton Estrin[7] and musician/songwriter Timothy Ford. His interest in music, rather than sports, was a source of teasing and bullying in his early years. (He has said in interviews that his piano instructor also taught ballet. Her name was Frances Neiman, and she was a Juilliard trained musician. She gave both classic piano and ballet lessons in the studio attached to the rear of her house, leading neighborhood bullies to mistakenly think he was learning to dance.) As a teenager, Joel took up boxing so that he would be able to defend himself. He boxed successfully on the amateur Golden Gloves circuit for a short time, winning twenty-two bouts, but abandoned the sport shortly after having his nose broken in his twenty-fourth boxing match.[8] Joel attended Hicksville High School with the class of 1967. However, he did not graduate. At the time, he was helping his single mother make ends meet by playing at a piano bar, and this interfered with his school attendance. [9] After his senior year, he still was short of the total number of credits he needed to graduate. Rather than attend summer school, Joel decided to quit high school without a diploma in order to begin a career in music. Joel recounted, "I told them, To hell with it. If Im not going to Columbia University, Im going to Columbia Records and you dont need a high school diploma over there."[10] Columbia did, in fact, become the label that eventually signed him. In 1992, he submitted essays to the school board and was awarded his diploma at Hicksville Highs annual graduation ceremony, 25 years after he had left.[11] [edit] Music career 5]
  • 206.  Sir Elton Hercules John, CBE (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is an English rock singer-songwriter, composer, pianist and occasional actor. He has worked with lyricist Bernie Taupin as his songwriter partner since 1967; they have collaborated on more than 30 albums to date. In his four-decade career John has sold more than 250 million records, making him one of the most successful artists of all time.[1] His single "Candle in the Wind 1997" has sold over 33 million copies worldwide, and is the best selling single in Billboard history.[2] He has more than 50 Top 40 hits, including seven consecutive No. 1 US albums, 56 Top 40 singles, 16 Top 10, four No. 2 hits, and nine No. 1 hits. He has won six Grammy Awards, four Brit Awards, an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award and a Tony Award. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked him Number 49 on its list of the 100 greatest artists of all time.[3] John was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994.[4] Having been named a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1996, John received a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II for "services to music and charitable services" in 1998.[5] He has been heavily involved in the fight against AIDS since the late 1980s.[6] In 1992, he established the Elton John AIDS Foundation and a year later began hosting the annual Academy Award Party, which has since become one of the most high-profile Oscar parties in the Hollywood film industry. Since its inception, the foundation has raised over $200 million. John entered into a civil partnership with David Furnish[7] on 21 December 2005 and continues to be a champion for LGBT social movements. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked him as the most successful male solo artist on "The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists" (third overall, behind only The Beatles and Madonna). John was born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947, the eldest child of Stanley and only child of Sheila Eileen Dwight (née Harris)[9][10][11] and was raised in Pinner, Middlesex in a council house of his maternal grandparents. His parents did not marry until he was 6 years old, when the family moved to a nearby semi-detached house.[12][13][14] He was educated at Pinner Wood Junior School, Reddiford School and Pinner County Grammar School, until age 17, when he left just prior to his A Level examinations to pursue a career in the music industry.[15][16][17] When John began to seriously consider a career in music, his father, who served as a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force, tried to steer him toward a more conventional career, such as banking.[15] John has stated that his wild stage costumes and performances were his way of letting go after such a restrictive childhood. [17] Both of Johns parents were musically inclined, his father having been a trumpet player with the Bob Millar Band, a semi-professional big band that played at military dances.[17] The Dwights were keen record buyers, exposing John to the popular singers and musicians of the day, and John remembers being immediately hooked on rock and roll when his mother brought home records by Elvis Presley and Bill Haley & His Comets in 1956.[15][16] John started playing the piano at the age of 3, and within a year, his mother heard him picking out Winifred Atwells "The Skaters Waltz" by ear.[15][16] After performing at parties and family gatherings, at the age of 7 he took up formal piano lessons. He showed musical aptitude at school, including the ability to compose melodies, and gained some notoriety by playing like Jerry Lee Lewis at school functions. At the age of 11, he won a junior scholarship to the Royal Academy of Music. According to one of his instructors, John promptly played back, like a "gramophone record", a four-page piece by Handel that he heard for the first time.[16] For the next five years he attended Saturday classes at the Academy in central London, and has stated that he enjoyed playing Chopin and Bach and singing in the choir during Saturday classes, but that he was not otherwise a diligent classical student.[16] "I kind of resented going to the Academy", he says. "I was one of those children who could just about get away without practising and still pass, scrape through the grades."[16] He even claims that he would sometimes skip classes and just ride around on the Tube.[16] However, several instructors have testified that he was a "model student", and during the last few years he was taking lessons from a private tutor in addition to his classes at the Academy.[16] Johns mother, though also strict with her son, was more vivacious than her husband, and something of a free spirit. With Stanley Dwight uninterested in his son and often physically absent, John was raised primarily by his mother and maternal grandmother. When his father was home, the Dwights would have terrible arguments that greatly distressed their son.[16] When John was 14, they divorced.[18] His mother then married a local painter, Fred Farebrother, a caring and supportive stepfather whom John affectionately referred to as "Derf", his first name in reverse.[16] They moved into flat No. 1A in an eight-unit apartment building called Frome Court, not far from both previous homes. It was there that John would write the songs that would launch his career as a rock star; he would live there until he had four albums simultaneously in the American Top 40.[19] [8]
  • 207.  Thomas Earl "Tom" Petty (born October 20, 1950) is an American singer-songwriter and multi- instrumentalist. He is the frontman of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers and was a founding member of the late 1980s supergroup Traveling Wilburys and Mudcrutch. He has also performed under the pseudonyms of Charlie T. Wilbury, Jr. and Muddy Wilbury. He has recorded a number of hit singles with the Heartbreakers and as a solo artist, many of which remain heavily played on adult contemporary and classic rock radio. His music, and notably his hits, have become popular among younger generations as he continues to host sold-out shows.[1] Throughout his career, Petty and his collaborators have sold 60 million albums. Tom Petty was born and raised in Gainesville, Florida, and attended Gainesville High School. His interest in rock and roll music began at age 10 when he met Elvis Presley.[3] In the summer of 1961, his uncle was working on the set of Presleys film Follow That Dream in nearby Ocala, Florida and invited Petty to come down and watch the shoot.[4] He instantly became an Elvis Presley fan and soon traded his Wham-O slingshot for a box of Elvis 45s.[5] In a 2006 interview on the National Public Radio program Fresh Air, Petty said that he knew he wanted to be in a band the moment he saw The Beatles on The Ed Sullivan Show.[6] One of his first guitar teachers was Don Felder, a fellow Gainesville resident, who would later join the Eagles.[7] As a young man, Petty worked briefly on the grounds crew for the University of Florida, but never attended as a student. An Ogeechee lime tree that he planted while employed at the University is now called the Tom Petty tree.[8][9] Petty also overcame a difficult relationship with his father, who found it hard to accept that his son was "a mild-mannered kid who was interested in the arts" and subjected him to verbal and physical abuse on a regular basis. Petty was extremely close to his mother, and remains close to his brother Br
  • 208.  James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942[1][2] – September 18, 1970) was an American guitarist and singer-songwriter. Even though he was in the "spotlight" for only three years before his death, he is still widely considered to be the greatest electric guitarist in music history,[3][4][5] and one of the most influential musicians of his era.[6][7][8] After initial success in Europe with his group The Jimi Hendrix Experience, he achieved fame in the United States following his 1967 performance at the Monterey Pop Festival. Later, Hendrix headlined the iconic 1969 Woodstock Festival and the 1970 Isle of Wight Festival. He often favored raw overdriven amplifiers with high gain and treble and helped develop the previously undesirable technique of guitar amplifier feedback.[9] Hendrix, as well as his friend Eric Clapton, popularized use of the wah-wah pedal in mainstream rock which he often used to deliver an exaggerated sense of pitch in his solos, particularly with high bends, complex guitar playing, and use of legato. As a record producer, Hendrix also broke new ground in using the recording studio as an extension of his musical ideas. He was one of the first to experiment with stereophonic phasing effects for rock recording.[citation needed] Hendrix was influenced by blues artists such as B.B. King, Muddy Waters, Howlin Wolf, Albert King and Elmore James,[10][11][12][13] rhythm and blues and soul guitarists Curtis Mayfield and Steve Cropper, and the jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery. Hendrix began dressing and wearing a moustache like Little Richard when he performed and recorded in his band from March 1, 1964 through to the spring of 1965.[14][15][16] In 1966, Hendrix stated, "I want to do with my guitar what Little Richard does with his voice". [17] Hendrix won many prestigious rock music awards in his lifetime, and has been posthumously awarded many more, including being inducted into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. An English Heritage blue plaque was erected in his name on his former residence at Brook Street, London, in September 1997. A star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame was dedicated in 1994. In 2006, his debut US album, Are You Experienced, was inducted into the United States National Recording Registry, and Rolling Stone named Hendrix the top guitarist on its list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all-time in 2003.[18] He was born Johnny Allen Hendrix on November 27, 1942, in Seattle, Washington, the first of five children to James Allen "Al" Hendrix[19] (June 10, 1919, Vancouver, British Columbia – April 17, 2002, Renton, Washington) and Lucille Jeter (October 12, 1925, Seattle, Washington – February 2, 1958, Renton, Washington).[20] Hendrixs ancestry was of mixed African American, European, and Native American origin. His paternal great grandfather was Bertran Philander Ross, a wealthy white grain dealer from Urbana, Ohio, who was of Irish, German, and English descent. Out of wedlock, Bertran Philander Ross and his slave Fanny Hendricks produced Jimis paternal grandfather Ross Hendricks (Hendrix).[21] Jimi Hendrix was part Cherokee,[22] his paternal great-great grandmother being a Cherokee from Georgia.[23] His parents met at a dance in Seattle in 1941 when Lucille Jeter was 16. When she married Al Hendrix the next year, on March 13, 1942, she was pregnant. Since Al had been drafted into the United States Army due to World War II, he was shipped out three days later.[24][25] Al Hendrix completed his basic training at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, but was stationed in Alabama when his son was born. Because the commanding officer believed that he would go AWOL to Seattle in order to visit his new son, he was locked up in the stockade as a preventative measure, where he remained to receive the telegram informing him of his sons birth.[26] The baby that would grow up to become the guitarist Jimi Hendrix was born to a father who had six fingers on each hand.[27] Al Hendrix spent the war in the South Pacific Theater mostly in Fiji.[28] During the three years that he was away, Lucille struggled with raising her infant son who was neglected in favor of the nightlife scene.[29] Thus Hendrix was mostly cared for by family members and others during this period. His father received an honorable discharge from the U.S. Army on September 1, 1945, and retrieved his son from a woman who was caring for him in Berkeley. Al legally changed his son’s name to James Marshall Hendrix in memory of his late brother, Leon Marshall Hendrix.[30][31] He was known as "Buster" to friends and family, from birth. [32] After his return, Al reunited with Lucille. He found it difficult to gain steady employment after the Second World War, and the family was impoverished. Like Lucille, Al also struggled with alcohol and the couple had frequent fights. At one point a pimp named John Page who had a history with Lucille even tried to commandeer her out of a movie theater while she was with Al. Al objected and a fight ensued, spilling out into the street. Al had been an amateur boxer and stunned the pimp with a first punch, eventually winning the brawl and they never saw the pimp again.[33] During the early years of Hendrix’s life, the turmoil caused by his parents fighting would sometimes cause him to withdraw and hide in a closet in their home.[33] They moved often, staying in cheap hotels and apartments around Seattle. Throughout his childhood Hendrix would periodically be dropped off to be cared for by relatives. This all left an imprint on him as a small child which would remain with him the rest of his life. [34] In addition to the instability of his home life, Hendrix in later years confided to two different girlfriends that as a youth he had been sexually assaulted by a man, although he never elaborated. In one instance while he was living in Harlem, Hendrix broke down crying as his girlfriend related the sexual abuse she had suffered as a child, telling her that the same thing had happened to him. [35] Hendrix had two brothers, Leon and Joseph, and two sisters, Kathy and Pamela. Joseph was born with physical difficulties and was placed in foster care at age three. His two sisters were also both placed in foster care at a young age. Kathy was born blind and Pamela suffered lesser physical difficulties. On December 17, 1951, when Hendrix was nine years old, his parents divorced. His mother developed cirrhosis of the liver and died on February 2, 1958, when the state of her liver caused her spleen to rupture.[36] On occasion, he was placed in the care of his paternal grandmother in Vancouver, British Columbia because of the unstable household, and his brother Leon was placed in foster care temporarily.[37] Hendrix was a shy and sensitive boy, deeply affected by the poverty and family disruption he experienced at a young age. Unusual for his era, Hendrixs high school had a relatively even ethnic mix of African, European, and Asian Americans. [38] First guitar
  • 209.  Elvis Aaron Presleya (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon, he is widely known by the single name Elvis. He is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King". Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, Presley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, with his family at the age of 13. He began his career there in 1954, working with Sun Records owner Sam Phillips, who wanted to bring the sound of African American music to a wider audience. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was the most important popularizer of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country and rhythm and blues. RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, who would manage the singer for over two decades. Presleys first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel", released in January 1956, was a number one hit. He became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll with a series of network television appearances and chart-topping records. His energized interpretations of songs, many from African American sources, and his uninhibited performance style made him enormously popular—and controversial. In November 1956, he made his film debut in Love Me Tender. Conscripted into military service in 1958, Presley relaunched his recording career two years later with some of his most commercially successful work. He staged few concerts however, and guided by Parker, proceeded to devote much of the 1960s to making Hollywood movies and soundtrack albums, most of them critically derided. In 1968, after seven years away from the stage, he returned to live performance in a celebrated comeback television special that led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of profitable tours. In 1973 Presley staged the first concert broadcast globally via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii, seen by approximately 1.5 billion viewers. Prescription drug abuse severely compromised his health, and he died suddenly in 1977 at the age of 42. Presley is regarded as one of the most important figures of 20th-century popular culture. He had a versatile voice and unusually wide success encompassing many genres, including country, pop ballads, gospel, and blues. He is the best-selling solo artist in the history of popular music.[1][2][3][4] Nominated for 14 competitive Grammys, he won three, and received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36. He has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame.
  • 210.  Richard Gordon (Rik) Emmett (born July 10, 1953 in Toronto, Ontario) is a vocalist, guitarist, and founding member of the Canadian rock band Triumph. Emmett left Triumph in 1988 to pursue a solo career. His first solo album, Absolutely, was released in 1990 and became a moderate hit across North America thanks to the hits "When a Heart Breaks" and "Saved by Love". He is also a writer for Guitar Player magazine and teaches songwriting and music business at Humber College in Toronto. For a time during the 1980s, Rik Emmett also contributed cartoons satirizing the music industry to Hit Parader magazine. Due to a production error in spelling his name correctly by Gil Moore and Mike Levine on Triumphs first album, Rick Emmett changed the spelling of his name to Rik rather than have the album recalled or cause confusion with fans. Among his peers, Rik Emmett is widely considered to be one of the most proficient and versatile guitarists of all time. [1] Although he is best known as a premier rock guitarist, his playing style incorporates rock, blues, jazz, classical, bluegrass and flamenco techniques. Similarly, his songwriting and discography demonstrate his ability to employ and blend multiple genres. In April 2005, Emmett was lauded with the Canadian Smooth Jazz Award for Guitarist of the Year. He is also a skilled vocalist with a wide vocal range. He was the primary singer for most Triumph songs during his time with them, though drummer Gil Moore also wrote and sang many songs. However, most of the songs garnering radio play were Emmetts as he tended to write and sing in a more "commercial" style, while Moores songwriting and singing were in more of a heavy metal style. In 2007, Rik Emmett joined former Triumph bandmates Gil Moore and Mike Levine for their induction into the Canadian Music Industry Hall of Fame. And, on Sunday April 6, 2008 at The 2008 JUNO Awards, Triumph was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame by the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (CARAS). As of 2008 Rik Emmett, Mike Levine and Gil Moore have agreed to play a rock festival in Sweden in the summer under the Triumph moniker. The group has said that more dates will follow. As a result of very positive audience response to their dual guitar work in Riks live shows, Rik and fellow guitarist Dave Dunlop formed the mostly- acoustic duo Strung-Out Troubadours, with two albums so far. In 2007, Strung-Out Troubadours won "Album of the Year" and "Group/Duo of the Year" at the Canadian Smooth Jazz Awards, where they were the most heavily-nominated act. Both Rik & Dave were also nominated for "Best Guitarist". Emmett and Dunlop are scheduled to release another Strung-Out Troubadours release in 2009 titled Push & Pull. Throughout his career, Emmett has been associated with guitars from Framus, Gibson, Dean and Yamaha, particularly as an endorser of the latter two.
  • 211.  James Douglas "Jim" Morrison (December 8, 1943 – July 3, 1971) was the lead singer and lyricist of the rock band The Doors, as well as a poet.[1] Following The Doors explosive rise to fame in 1967, Morrison developed a severe alcohol and drug dependency that culminated in his death at the age of 27 in Paris. He is presumed to have died from a heroin overdose, but as no autopsy was performed, the events surrounding his death and the exact cause of it continue to be disputed by many to this day. Morrison was well known for often improvising spoken word poetry passages while the band played live. Due to his wild personality and performances, he is regarded by critics and fans as one of the most iconic, charismatic and pioneering frontmen in rock music history.[2] Morrison was ranked number 47 on Rolling Stones list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time",[3] and number 22 on Classic Rock Magazines "50 Greatest Singers In Rock".[ James Douglas Morrison was born in Melbourne, Florida, to future Rear Admiral George Stephen Morrison and Clara Morrison. Morrison had a sister, Anne Robin, who was born in 1947 in Albuquerque, New Mexico; and a brother, Andrew Lee Morrison, who was born in 1948 in Los Altos, California. He was of Irish and Scottish descent.[5] In 1947, Morrison, then four years old, allegedly witnessed a car accident in the desert, in which a family of Native Americans were injured and possibly killed. He referred to this incident in a spoken word performance on the song "Dawns Highway" from the album An American Prayer, and again in the songs "Peace Frog" and "Ghost Song." Morrison believed this incident to be the most formative event of his life, [6] and made repeated references to it in the imagery in his songs, poems, and interviews. His family does not recall this incident happening in the way he told it. According to the Morrison biography No One Here Gets Out Alive, Morrisons family did drive past a car accident on an Indian reservation when he was a child, and he was very upset by it. The book The Doors, written by the remaining members of The Doors, explains how different Morrisons account of the incident was from the account of his father. This book quotes his father as saying, "We went by several Indians. It did make an impression on him [the young James]. He always thought about that crying Indian." This is contrasted sharply with Morrisons tale of "Indians scattered all over the highway, bleeding to death." In the same book, his sister is quoted as saying, "He enjoyed telling that story and exaggerating it. He said he saw a dead Indian by the side of the road, and I dont even know if thats true." With his father in the United States Navy, Morrisons family moved often. He spent part of his childhood in San Diego. While his father was stationed at NAS Kingsville, he attended Flato Elementary in Kingsville, Texas. In 1958 Morrison attended Alameda High School in Alameda, California. He graduated from George Washington High School (now George Washington Middle School) in Alexandria, Virginia in June 1961. His father was also stationed at Mayport Naval Air Station in Jacksonville, Florida. Morrison was inspired by the writings of philosophers and poets. He was influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche, whose views on aesthetics, morality, and the Apollonian and Dionysian duality would appear in his conversation, poetry and songs. He read Plutarch’s "Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans". He read the works of the French Symbolist poet Arthur Rimbaud, whose style would later influence the form of Morrison’s short prose poems. He was influenced by Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Charles Baudelaire, Molière and Franz Kafka. Honoré de Balzac and Jean Cocteau, along with most of the French existentialist philosophers. His senior-year English teacher said that, "Jim read as much and probably more than any student in class, but everything he read was so offbeat I had another teacher, who was going to the Library of Congress, check to see if the books Jim was reporting on actually existed. I suspected he was making them up, as they were English books on sixteenth- and seventeenth-century demonology. I’d never heard of them, but they existed, and I’m convinced from the paper he wrote that he read them, and the Library of Congress would’ve been the only source."[7] Morrison was arrested in Tallahassee after pulling a prank while drunk at a football game Morrison went to live with his paternal grandparents in Clearwater, Florida, where he attended classes at St. Petersburg College (then known as a junior college). In 1962, he transferred to Florida State University (FSU) in Tallahassee, where he appeared in a school recruitment film.[8] While attending FSU, Morrison was arrested for a prank, following a home football game.[9] In January 1964 Morrison moved to Los Angeles to attend the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He enrolled in Jack Hirschmans class on Antonin Artaud in the Comparative Literature program within the UCLA English Department. Artauds brand of surrealist theatre had a profound impact on Morrisons dark poetic sensibility of cinematic theatricality. Morrison completed his undergraduate degree at UCLAs film school within the Theater Arts department of the College of Fine Arts in 1965. He never went to the graduation ceremony, instead having his degree diploma mailed to him. He made several short films while attending UCLA. First Love, the first of these films, made with Morrisons classmate and roommate Max Schwartz, was released to the public when it appeared in a documentary about the film Obscura. During these years, while living in Venice Beach, he became friends with writers at the Los Angeles Free Press. Morrison was an advocate of the underground newspaper until his death in 1971. He later conducted a lengthy and in-depth interview with Bob Chorush and Andy Kent, both working for the Free Press at the time (January 1971), and was planning on visiting the headquarters of the busy newspaper shortly before leaving for Paris.[10] [edit] The Doors 4]
  • 212.  Joseph Stanley Williams (born September 1, 1960 in Santa Monica, California), is an American rock singer and film score composer best known for his work in the rock band Toto. He is the son of film composer John Williams and actress/singer Barbara Ruick and the grandson of jazz drummer Johnny Williams and actors Melville Ruick and Lurene Tuttle. Joseph Williams was lead vocalist with Toto during the mid-to-late 1980s and was featured on the albums Fahrenheit (1986) and The Seventh One (1988) before leaving due to personal problems. He can also be heard on the album Toto XX (1998), a compilation of rare and unreleased tracks. He is featured on Totos last album, Falling in Between, sharing lead vocals with Steve Lukather on Bottom of Your Soul. In addition to his guest spot on the last Toto album, Williams was a guest singer at several Toto concerts. He was Totos lead singer during the short tour through Europe in July 2010 and since then has been listed as their official lead vocalist on the band website.[1][2] Williams released his first, self-titled solo album in 1982. After his tenure with Toto he has released several more. Many of Totos members have contributed to his solo work over the years. In 2003 he released an album called Vertigo, a project he initiated, but where he was not in full charge of the production, only recording and supplying the vocals.[3] The second Vertigo album, "Vertigo 2", was released in 2006. Williams released an album of cover songs from renowned artists such as Elton John, Bryan Adams, Diane Warren, and Kevin Cronin in 2006, called Two of Us, featuring piano and voice only. He returned with two more voice & piano albums in 2007, Smiles and Tears, also consisting of classic hits by popular artists. His latest solo album containing original songs, This Fall, was released in November 2008. Joseph Williams has also been busy as a composer of film and drama scores, most notably for episodes of the science fiction series "Roswell", and "The Lyons Den" starring Rob Lowe. In 2003 he was nominated for an Emmy Award for "Outstanding Main Title Theme Music" for the TV series Miracles.[4] The music to the CBS miniseries Category 7: The End of the World[5] and the TV film Momentum[6] were composed by him. He was the writer of the original English lyrics for the song Lapti Nek and the Ewok Celebration from the original 1983 release of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi,[7] which was scored and conducted by his father John Williams. He also composed the Max Rebo Band source cues and an unknown source cue for the same film.
  • 213.  Geoff Tate (born Jeffrey Wayne Tate, January 14, 1959, in Stuttgart, West Germany) is an American singer and musician, who rose to fame in the 1980s with the progressive metal band, Queensrÿche. Tate is ranked fourteenth on Hit Paraders list of the 100 Greatest Metal Vocalists of All Time. He was voted #2 on That Metal Show top 5 metal vocalists of all time #1 was Bruce Dickinson of Iron Maiden, he beat out singers such as Rob Halford, Axl Rose and Sebastian Bach. He was also voted the #1 greatest metal singer of all time by[citation
  • 214.  Donald Maynard "Don" Dokken (born June 29, 1953) is best known for being the lead singer and founder of the band Dokken.[1] He is known for his vibrato-laden, melodic vocal style which has made him an influential figure in American heavy metal. After enjoying mainstream success with Dokken, he parted ways with the band in 1988 and pursued a solo career. His 1990 solo album, Up from the Ashes, featured Europe guitarist John Norum and spawned two singles. He and drummer Mick Brown are the only remaining original members of Dokken. Don reformed Dokken in the early 1990s and has been continuing on with the band ever since. He released his second solo album, titled Solitary in 2008; it was a stylistic departure from his Dokken material. the late 1970s, he was playing in a Los Angeles-based band called Airborn, and had the opportunity to reach a record deal in Germany. After seeing the band Xciter, and future bandmates George Lynch and Mick Brown, he knew that they would complete the band that would land the record deal. Although Lynch and Brown were not interested in joining forces with him when he first contacted them, he went ahead to Germany. Don, with the help of one of Xciters songs, did get the record deal, and he finally convinced Lynch and Brown, along with bassist Juan Croucier, to join him in Dokken soon after he received it. During his time in Germany, Dokken befriended the German band Scorpions, and sang with them in rehearsals for their Blackout album while lead vocalist Klaus Meine was being treated for nodes on his vocal cords. Meine recovered and returned to record the album, although Dokkens background vocals remained on several tracks. In 1983, America saw the release of the first Dokken album, Breaking the Chains which had a moderate reception. However Juan Croucier left the band to join Ratt. Jeff Pilson was brought in for their second release, Tooth and Nail, and at this time metal fans and critics began to take notice of the band. Dons strong, melodic vocals, coupled with Lynchs blazing guitar playing, guided Dokken to national fame. the late 1980s, however, personal tension between Dokken and Lynch took its toll on the band. In 1988, after the Monsters of Rock Tour and a further platinum album, Don Dokken decided to break up the band and they went on their separate ways. Don Dokken originally wanted to continue on with the Dokken name, but since Lynch maintained partial ownership, he was forced to put out his next album under the Don Dokken name, and it became known as his first solo album. The album, titled Up from the Ashes, was released in 1990, and was very similar to the Dokken catalog. This project was a supergroup of sorts, made up of guitarists John Norum (of Europe fame) and Billy White ( of Watchtower fame), bassist Peter Baltes (of Accept fame), guitaris and drummer Mikkey Dee (of King Diamond fame and then Motörhead). Both Dee and Baltes had previously been members of Dokken during the late 1970s for brief periods. Two music videos were made for the singles "Mirror Mirror" and "Stay". Also, during the late 1980s and early 1990s, Don spent time as a producer for the metal band XYZ. He also made a guest appearance on the German progressive metal band Vanden Plass Spirit of Live album as the vocalist for their live performance of Dokkens "Kiss of Death" with which the studio version can be found on Vanden Plass "Far Off Grace" album. Around late 1993, Don started to talk with Mick Brown, who had recently left George Lynchs new group, Lynch Mob. They joined up with Jeff Pilson, and started to write new songs. In 1994, they sent what they had written to George Lynch, who was impressed with the material. Together, they decided to reunite and tour again. This reunion lasted for three years and resulted in two new Dokken albums, an acoustic live disc, and a full live concert recorded in Japan in 1995. In the late-1990s, Dokken once again parted ways with George Lynch, gained guitarist Reb Beach, and later kicked off a new era with guitarist John Norum after the departure of Reb Beach. That union didnt last long as Norum departed quickly to re-unite with Europe. Norum was briefly replaced by Italian guitarist Alex De Rosso for the live tour [1] until Don managed to find a permanent replacement and in 2003 Guitarist/Lawyer Jon Levin filled that position where he continues to this day at Dons side. Since 1994, Dokken has released six studio albums, two live albums, a Greatest Hits album, as well as their first two DVDs. Don Dokken released a new solo album titled Solitary in 2008 and Dokken released a new album titled Lightning Strikes Again during the same year. On March 1, 2010, the band Dokkens second greatest hits album, aptly titled Greatest Hits, was digitally released to iTunes and The physical album with additional tracks is set to release from King Records (Japan) on April 21, 2010 and will be available in the United States through Cleopatra Records at a later date. On September 22, 2010, in an interview with, Don Dokken revealed that he would be undergoing vocal surgery, to correct problems with nodes and tears in his vocal cords. [2] February 4, 2011 Anchorage, Alaska was Dokkens first show since surgery.
  • 215.  Carl Thomas Keifer (born January 26, 1961, in Springfield, Pennsylvania) is an American vocalist for the band Cinderella Keifer grew up in a musical family and began playing guitar at a young age. Keifer soon fell in love with the blues and was heavily influenced by this kind of music. Keifer joined his first rock band while in junior high school. He soon learned to play the electric guitar. The young musician struggled with drug and alcohol abuse during this time, and considered dropping out of school to pursue a music career. However, his mother Adrienne bribed her son to stay in school by promising him a Gibson Les Paul guitar upon graduation. Keifer graduated and received the coveted instrument. After graduating Keifer played guitar in bands such as Saints in Hell, Telapath, and Diamonds. Soon, Keifer conquered his addictions, and began to focus on a career as a musician. He had started writing original material. He also found financial support by walking race horses at tracks and delivering film to developing outlets. Keifer came closer to his dream of being a successful artist by forming the hard rock band, Cinderella with good friend and bassist Eric Brittingham, whom he met on Halloween night in 1980 in a bar bathroom, and also who had been in Saints in Hell. Despite being shy, Keifer took on the role of lead singer because they could not find anyone they liked to sing for the band. In articles, Keifer has said, "I dont feel comfortable when Im up there singing and not playing guitar. I feel naked when its just me and the microphoneCinderella was discovered by Jon Bon Jovi in 1985, at the Empire Rock Club in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Bon Jovi has been quoted as saying "I saw Tommy Keifer onstage delivering some pretty nifty, growling vocals. Then he whipped out this Les Paul and proceeded to lay into some astounding sounds. This guy struck me as a star right then and there." Keifer and company experienced much success with their albums, Night Songs, Long Cold Winter, and Heartbreak Station. Keifer enjoyed the reputation of being a prolific songwriter with hits such as "Shake Me", "Nobody’s Fool", "Gypsy Road", "Don’t Know What You Got", "Coming Home", "Shelter Me", and "Heartbreak Station". He also enjoyed spending time with his wife, Emily, whom he had married in 1987 after years of dating. She also designed the bands unique logo and often accompanied her husband on tour.
  • 216.  Jack Russell (born December 5, 1960, Montebello, California), is an American rock vocalist. He is a founding member of the American hard rock band Great White.[1]Russell grew up with influences such as Robert Plant and Steven Tyler, and became a vocalist for many bands in high school and later on. He met Mark Kendall in a concert and began plans to form a band called Dante Fox. Russell and Kendall decided to change their name of the band to Great White because their favorite pastime is shark fishing. Russell has been in the band from 1981 to the present day, except for taking three years off from 1996 to 1999 to record and release a solo album, entitled Shelter Me. He also released a second solo album album entitled For You in 2002. According to Great Whites website, Russells ancestry is English, Irish and Native American. As of 2010, Jack has been on hiatus from Great White, due to a perforated bowel. Now fully recovered, he formed his own version of Great White with a brand-new lineup in December 2011. To avoid confusion, he named the band "Jack Russells Great White."
  • 217.  Mark Allen Slaughter (born July 4, 1964, Las Vegas, Nevada) is an American singer and musician. He is one of the founders of hard rock band Slaughter, and he also has worked as a voice actor and composer. He has a family relation to Panteras Rex Brown. Prior to the formation of his eponymous band Slaughter, Mark Slaughter was the Lead vocalist in the group Vinnie Vincent Invasion.[1] Vinnie Vincent Invasion had a hit song, "Love Kills", that appeared on the Nightmare on Elm Street 4 movie soundtrack in 1988. After the group disbanded in the late 1980s, (Mark) Slaughter, along with fellow Vinnie Vincent Invasion alumnus Dana Strum, formed the group Slaughter.[1] Slaughter would go on to sell in excess of five million records in the 1990s.[citation needed] The group garnered a total of four Top 30 hits on the Billboard charts with tunes such as "Fly To the Angels" and "Up All Night",[2] and toured with the likes of Kiss, Poison, Ozzy Osbourne, and Damn Yankees.[1] Slaughter currently works as a voice-over actor and composes music for television, movies, and sports outlets. Slaughter sang on the Northern Light Orchestra 2010 Celebrate Christmas release. Slaughters current credits include the ongoing music compositions for Fox Sports,[3] along with voice over ventures in productions like Batman Beyond, Bloodsport, and Animaniacs. He also lent his voice to the song "Grannys Gone Crazy" off the album Babez for Breakfast by Lordi. In addition to voice-over and composing, Slaughter formed a new band, Scrap Metal. Scrap Metal consists of other platinum-selling singers such as Gunnar Nelson (Nelson), Kelly Keagy (Night Ranger), and Eric Martin (Mr. Big). Slaughter takes part in charity causes such as his active participation with St. Jude’s Childrens Hospital.[
  • 218.  Jeffery Lynn Keith (born October 12, 1958 in Texarkana, Arkansas) is an American musician, best known as the lead singer of the band Tesla.[1] He was also the lead singer for the band Bar 7[2]. Before he became part of Tesla, Keith lived in Idabel, Oklahoma with his mother Anita and sister Joey. He attended Idabel High School and eventually moved to Sacramento, California to live with his father. Keith started out singing in the band Troubleshooter with his brother BK, before joining City Kidd (later known as Tesla) in 1983. He now lives with his wife and son in Granite Bay, CA.
  • 219.  Vincent Neil Wharton (born February 8, 1961) is an American vocalist and musician, best known as the lead vocalist of heavy metal band Mötley Crüe. Neil was born in Hollywood, California to Odie and Shirley Wharton. He has Mexican ancestry on his mothers side and Native American ancestry on his fathers.[2] During the 1960s, his family moved around Southern California from Inglewood to Watts, before finally settling in Glendora attending Sunflower Intermediate School and later Royal Oak High School. As well as having an interest in music while a teenager, Neil was also interested in surfing, basketball, baseball, football and wrestling. Music career Neil was discovered while performing with his band Rock Candy in 1980, and joined Mötley Crüe in 1981.[3] Neil had been friends with Tommy Lee in high school. Mötley Crüe was looking for a lead vocalist at the time and were impressed by Neil after hearing him through Lee. Mötley Crüe released its first album, Too Fast for Love, the same year. In 1983, Mötley Crüe released Shout at the Devil, which established the band as a big act in rock and roll. In 1985, Neil regrouped with Mötley Crüe to record Theatre of Pain. In 1987, the band recorded the album Girls, Girls, Girls. In 1989, the band released their highest-selling album, Dr. Feelgood. Neil signed a solo deal with Warner Brothers for $4 million. He received a $2 million advance on his first record. Neil sued Motley Crue for 25% of their future profits and $5 million in damages for being fired. Mötley Crüe from left to right: Nikki Sixx, Tommy Lee, Mick Mars, and Neil. In 1992, Neil released his first single. He stated that the song was written in twenty minutes with his friends Jack Blades and Tommy Shaw. The single "Youre Invited (But Your Friend Cant Come)" was featured on the Encino Man soundtrack. Neil made a video for the song that featured a cameo by Pauly Shore. The video does not feature guitarist Steve Stevens as Stevens was hired after the song and video had been released. Stevens re-recorded the song for Neils first solo album. Neil performed the song live on the MTV Movie Awards. Exposed, was Neils first solo album and was released in 1993. The album debuted at #13 on the Billboard charts. The album featured Stevens, who subsequently played all bass and guitar tracks on "Exposed", Dave Marshall, Robbie Crane, and Vik Foxx. The band eventually went on tour, opening for Van Halen.
  • 220.  Phillip John Phil Mogg (born 15 April 1948, in Wood Green, North London) is a vocalist for the band UFO, which he formed with longtime friends Pete Way and Andy Parker. Mogg wrote the majority of the bands lyrics, with the music being written by Way, Schenker, and later, Raymond, but Schenker left to launch his solo career in 1979. In 1997 Mogg and Way put out a solo album called Mogg/Way. With UFO on hiatus, Phil formed the side project $ign of 4. In late 2003, having regained the rights to the UFO name from Schenker, Mogg spoke with Pete Way and Paul Raymond, and ended up having a reunion tour which later brought the band back for good. The band then released several new albums : Showtime, The Monkey Puzzle, You Are Here. Mogg is the only member of UFO to appear on all of the bands albums. Phil Mogg is the uncle of Nigel Mogg, bassist with The Quireboys.
  • 221.  Guy Speranza (b. March 12, 1956 - November 8, 2003 in Orlando, Florida) was an American singer best known as New York-based metal band Riots original frontman from 1976-1981. He played at the first Monsters of Rock festival in 1980 and sang on their first three albums, 1977s Rock City, 1979s Narita and 1981s Fire Down Under, before leaving the band in 1981. After retiring from music, Speranza worked as an exterminator in Florida until being diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, from which he died on November 8, 2003.
  • 222.  Peter Rodney "Biff" Byford (Honley, West Yorkshire, January 5, 1951) is an English rock singer, best known as the lead vocalist of the heavy metal band Saxon. Byford formed Son of a Bitch with guitarists Graham Oliver and Paul Quinn, bassist Steve Dawson and drummer Pete Gill in 1976. Prior to this, Byford had been the vocalist with Blue Condition from about 1970. In 1978 Son of a Bitch changed its name to Saxon and released a self-titled album in 1979. Co-inciding with the New Wave of British Heavy Metal at the turn of the decade, Saxon had eight UK Top 40 albums and five Top 40 singles between 1980 and 1986. After this, Saxon declined in popularity, eventually leading to a split in 1995 with Oliver and Dawson forming a new band with the same name.[1] Byfords Saxon maintained a recording and touring career centred on Germany for much of the 1990s before coming back into worldwide attention with 2007s The Inner Sanctum.[2] In April the same year, Byford released his autobiography, entitled Never Surrender after the Saxon song of the same name. Since 2003 he has worked part time as the administrator of the Amadeus Orchestra. reported on January 18, 2010[3] that Byford was launching a campaign to have Britons declare heavy metal as their religion in the United Kingdom Census 2011, inspired by the Jedi census phenomenon (where 2001 Census results suggested that Jediism was the UKs fourth most popular religion).
  • 223.  ɛrə/ Peter Paul Cetera ( /səˈt sə-TERR-ə; born September 13, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American singer, songwriter, bassist and producer best known for being an original member of the rock band Chicago, before launching a successful solo career.[1] As a solo artist, Cetera has scored six Top 40 singles, including two that reached number 1 on Billboards Hot 100 chart. Cetera was born and raised in the Morgan Park section of Chicago, Illinois, located on the far South Side.[2] He was the second of six children and is of Polish descent. According to one source his father worked as a "machinist".[3] Ceteras siblings include two brothers, Tim Cetera[4][5] and Kenny Cetera,[2] who are listed as contributing musicians on some of the recordings he made with Chicago and on some of his solo recordings. Ceteras interest in music began at 11 years of age when his parents bought him an accordion instead of the guitar he wanted. When he was 15, some older students from his high school took him to a club to see a band called The Rebel Rockers, which led to his purchasing an acoustic guitar at Montgomery Ward.[2] He eventually took up the electric bass, and with some high school friends—a drummer, guitarist and saxophone player—Cetera began playing the local dance circuit, dividing lead vocals with the guitarist. Cetera played in several groups in the Chicago area, including a popular local rock band named The Exceptions, which toured the Midwest in the mid 1960s, releasing two albums and several singles.[2][7] Cetera is quoted as saying, "By the time I was 18 I was making more money than my dad."[2] In December 1967, Cetera arrived early for a show to watch a band called The Big Thing. Impressed by their use of a horn section combined with rock and roll, Cetera left The Exceptions to join The Big Thing within two weeks. The Big Thing, which soon changed its name to The Chicago Transit Authority (and eventually shortened it to Chicago after complaints by the actual CTA), released their self-titled debut album The Chicago Transit Authority on Columbia Records in 1969. Cetera sang lead vocal on three of the eleven songs on the album, with his tenor voice complementing the baritone voices of the two other lead singers in the group, keyboardist Robert Lamm and guitarist Terry Kath. His trademark singing style would develop as a result of having to sing for a period of time with a wired-shut jaw after getting into a brawl at a Los Angeles Dodgers game in 1969.[8] The follow-up album, Chicago, vaulted the band to popular status throughout the world. The song "25 or 6 to 4" was the first major hit single with Cetera singing lead vocals. Chicago is also notable for featuring Ceteras first songwriting effort, "Where Do We Go From Here?" As the 1970s progressed, Cetera would become a more prolific songwriter for the group, contributing the hits "Wishing You Were Here" (#11) and "Happy Man" from the 1974 album Chicago VII. His biggest singing and songwriting accomplishment with Chicago came in 1976 with their first worldwide No. 1 single, the ballad "If You Leave Me Now." Ceteras next composition in 1977, "Baby, What A Big Surprise" (#4), also became a major hit and cemented the bands status in the late 1970s as a "ballad band." By the end of the 1970s, with the rise of disco music, Chicagos popularity declined, culminating in the release of the bands poorest-selling album Chicago XIV (#71) in 1980. Columbia Records subsequently bought out the remainder of Chicagos contract. Peter Cetera, his first solo album, released in 1981 In 1981, Cetera released his first solo album, Peter Cetera, on Warner Bros. Records, after personally buying the rights from his previous contract with Columbia Records, who would not release the project. The album was, subsequently, a commercial failure, which Cetera attributed to Warner Bros. refusal to promote him as a solo artist out of fear that he would leave Chicago, who had only recently signed with the label. [1] In 1982, David Foster was brought in as producer and the resulting group effort was Chicago 16 (#9). The album represented a major comeback for Chicago, and leading the way was the hit single co-written (with Foster) and featured Cetera on lead vocals, "Hard to Say Im Sorry," which went to #1 in the charts. The song also featured in the movie Summer Lovers starring Daryl Hannah. The second single, "Love Me Tomorrow," was also co-written (again with Foster) and sung by Cetera, reaching No. 22 on the singles chart. The third single, "What Youre Missing," was yet again sung by Cetera. In 1983, he took a break from his duties as Chicago frontman to add backing vocals on Paul Ankas final U.S. Top-40 hit Hold Me Til The Mornin Comes, which debuted in the summer of that year. When Chicago 17 was released in 1984, it became the veteran bands most successful selling album in their history, eventually going on to sell over 6 million copies in the United States alone. All four singles released from the album were sung by Cetera, including three which he co-wrote, and all of them charted in the top 20: "Stay the Night" (#16), "Hard Habit to Break" (#3), "Youre the Inspiration" (#3) and "Along Comes a Woman" (#14). With the advent of the music video and the growing popularity of MTV, Cetera became the face and public leader of the longtime faceless band that was Chicago. [9]
  • 224.  Peter Kenneth Frampton (born 22 April 1950) is an English born naturalized American musician, singer, songwriter, producer, guitarist and multi-instrumentalist. He was previously associated with the bands Humble Pie and The Herd. Framptons international breakthrough album was his live release, Frampton Comes Alive!. The album sold over 6 million copies in the United States alone and spawned several hits. Since then he has released several major albums.[1] He has also worked with David Bowie and both Matt Cameron and Mike McCready from Pearl Jam, among others. Frampton is best known for such hits as "Breaking All The Rules", "Show Me the Way", "Baby, I Love Your Way", "Do You Feel Like We Do", and "Im in You", which remain staples on classic-rock radio. He has also appeared as himself in television shows such as The Simpsons and Family Guy. Frampton is known for his work as a guitar player and particularly with a Talkbox and his tenor voice. Frampton was born in Beckenham, England. He attended Bromley Technical High School,[2] at which his father, Owen Frampton, was a teacher and the head of the Art department.[3] He first became interested in music when he was seven years old. Upon discovering his grandmothers banjolele (a banjo-shaped ukulele) in the attic,[4] he taught himself to play, and later taught himself to play guitar and piano as well. At age eight he started taking classical music lessons.[5][6] Early influences were Cliff Richard & the Shadows (featuring guitarist Hank Marvin) and American rockers Buddy Holly and Eddie Cochran, and then the Ventures, Jimi Hendrix, and The Beatles. His father introduced him to the recordings of Belgian gypsy jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt.[4][7] By the age of twelve, Frampton played in a band called The Little Ravens. Both he and David Bowie were pupils at Bromley Technical School. The Little Ravens played on the same bill at school as Bowies band, George and the Dragons.[5] Peter and David would spend time together at lunch breaks, playing Buddy Holly songs.[5][8] At the age of 14, Peter was playing with a band called The Trubeats followed by a band called The Preachers, produced and managed by Bill Wyman of The Rolling Stones.[5] He became a successful child singer, and in 1966, he became a member of The Herd. He was the lead guitarist and singer, scoring a handful of British pop hits. Frampton was named "The Face of 1968" by teen magazine Rave.[5][7][9] In early 1969, when Frampton was 18 years old, he joined with Steve Marriott of The Small Faces to form Humble Pie.[5][9] While playing with Humble Pie, Frampton also did session recording with other artists, including: Harry Nilsson, Jim Price, Jerry Lee Lewis, as well as on George Harrisons solo All Things Must Pass, in 1970, and John Entwistles Whistle Rymes, in 1972.[9] During the Harrison session he was introduced to the talk box that was to become one of his trademark guitar effects.[
  • 225.  Donald Hugh "Don" Henley (born July 22, 1947, in Gilmer, Texas) is an American singer, songwriter and drummer, best known as a founding member of the Eagles before launching a successful solo career. Henley was the drummer and lead vocalist for the Eagles from 1971–1980, when the band broke up. Henley sings lead vocals on Eagles hits such as "Witchy Woman", "Desperado", "Best of My Love", "One of These Nights", "Hotel California", "Life in the Fast Lane", and "The Long Run". He formed one of the most successful songwriting partnerships with Glenn Frey. After the Eagles broke up in 1980, Henley pursued a solo career and released his debut album in 1982. He has released four studio albums, two compilation albums, and one live DVD. His solo hits include "Dirty Laundry", "The Boys of Summer", "All She Wants to Do Is Dance", "The Heart of the Matter", "The Last Worthless Evening", "Sunset Grill", "Not Enough Love in the World", "New York Minute" and "The End of the Innocence". The Eagles have sold over 120 million albums worldwide, won six Grammy Awards, had five #1 singles, 17 Top 40 singles, and six #1 albums. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998 and are the biggest selling American band in history. As a solo artist, Henley has sold over 10 million albums worldwide, had eight Top 40 singles, won two Grammys and five MTV Video Music Awards. Combined with the Eagles and as a solo artist, Henley has released 25 Top 40 singles on the Billboard Hot 100. He has released seven studio albums with the Eagles and four as a solo artist. In 2008, he was ranked the 87th greatest singer of all time by Rolling Stone magazine. Henley has also played a founding role in several environmental and political causes, most notably the Walden Woods Project.[1] Since 1994, he has divided his musical activities between the Eagles and his solo career. He is scheduled to release his fifth studio album in 2011, which will be a country album with covers and originals.
  • 226.  Aldo Nova (born Aldo Caporuscio November 13, 1956 Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian guitarist, keyboardist, vocalist and producer, Nova gained fame with his self-titled debut album Aldo Nova in 1981, and its accompanying single "Fantasy", which climbed to #23 on the Billboard Hot 100.[ Signing with Portrait Records, Nova released a self-produced album, Aldo Nova, in 1981. It had two singles: "Fantasy" and "Foolin Yourself". "Fantasy" made him what some would call a one hit wonder.[3] His next album, Subject...Aldo Nova had a minor hit with "Monkey on Your Back," but his solo career flagged and he became a player and songwriter for other bands. He worked with Jon Bon Jovi in both the early and late 1980s and produced some early Céline Dion albums. Nova co-wrote the hit song "A New Day Has Come" for Dion and has been featured playing guitar, synthesizer, and percussion on her records. He also wrote her Your Light and I Cant Fight The Feelin. He helped write and produce parts of Chantal Condors 1989 album, Chantal. In 1991, Nova sought the help of Bon Jovi to revive his solo career on his release Blood on the Bricks, but it still only managed to chart at number 124. As a songwriter, Novas recent hits include Clay Aikens "This is the Night" (co- written with Chris Braide and Gary Burr), which in the US was a number one hit and the best selling single of 2003. 2]
  • 227.  Joey Tempest (born Rolf Magnus Joakim Larsson; August 19, 1963) is the vocalist and main songwriter in the Swedish rock band Europe. He has written hits like "The Final Countdown", "Rock the Night" and "Superstitious". Before becoming the artist Joey Tempest, Joakim Larsson learned how to play the piano and the guitar. He played football, ice hockey and competed in go-cart; he once came in fourth place in the Junior Cart Race, a Swedish championship. Like many of the other Europe members, he grew up in Stockholm suburb Upplands Väsby. His biggest idols were Thin Lizzy and Led Zeppelin. During his teens, he played in a number of bands such as Jet, Blazer, Made in Hong Kong and Roxanne. At that time he alternated between playing rhythm guitar and bass, in addition to lead vocalsIn 1979, he formed the band Force with guitarist John Norum, drummer Tony Reno and bassist Peter Olsson.[1] Force immediately began building a reputation and a fanbase in the suburbs of Stockholm. In 1982, they changed their name to Europe and won the music competition Rock-SM. The first prize was a record deal with Hot Records.[1] Europe released five albums between 1983 and 1991, with Joey Tempest as the singer, frontman and songwriter. [edit] The Final Countdown In 1995, Tempests solo debut A Place to Call Home was released. He has called it his "singer/songwriter album". The album, which was produced by Dan Sundquist, was recorded in Stockholm and London using Swedish musicians. Europe band mate John Norum guests on one of the tracks. Tempest also played guitar on the album. A Place to Call Home sold platinum in Sweden and it was a big success internationally. Later the same year he commenced his first European tour as a solo artist. The following year he was nominated for a "Best Swedish Artist" Grammy. Four singles were taken from the album, "A Place to Call Home", "Under the Influence", "We Come Alive" and "Dont Go Changing On Me". The next album Azalea Place was released in 1997. The next solo album was recorded in Nashville by producer Richard Dodd, known for producing artists such as The Travelling Wilburys and Tom Petty. Where A Place To Call Home had Tempest writing all the material, the new album was written together with others. Among these were Chris Difford from Squeeze and Will Jennings. "Azalea Place was mostly written in the studio and was therefore more improvised and experimental", Tempest commented on the production[citation needed]. "The Match", "The One In The Glass" and "If Id Only Known" were released as singles. "The Match" became one of the most played songs on Swedish radio and the album achieved gold status. The following year Tempest participated in Mike Batts Philarmania, with The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra as backing. He performed Bruce Springsteens "Born To Run". In the autumn of 2002 he released his third solo album, Joey Tempest. The producer team behind the album was "DeadMono", consisting of Malcolm Pardon and Fredrik Rinman. The team has also worked with Eskobar, Lisa Miskovsky and Stakka Bo. Also collaborating on the album are Chris Difford, former Europe member Mic Michaeli, and guitarist Adam Lamprell. The first session took place in Konk Studios, The Kinks old London studio, where Tempest jammed with English musicians who had formerly played with Massive Attack. This session produced "Magnificent", "Kill For A Girl Like You" (B-side of the first single "Forgiven") and "Sometimes". Work continued in Stockholm, this time with Swedish musicians, including Mic Michaeli. "Superhuman" originated from this session. After that, Tempest kept on working with Adam Lamprell in a temporary studio in London. Presently Tempest commutes between London and Dublin. Of his song writing Tempest has said, "Dreamless and Magnificent have a lot of London in them. Losers is influenced by both London and Dublin. Living there can be very intense, almost chaotic. They’re tough cities and Id never have written the lyrics I did without living there.[citation needed]" Some lyrics can also be related to his homeland, reflections on living abroad, and learning to live with new people.
  • 228.  Paul Bernard Rodgers (born 17 December 1949, Middlesbrough)[1] is an English rock singer-songwriter, best known for his success in the 1970s as a member of Free and Bad Company. After stints in two less successful bands in the 1980s and early 1990s, The Firm and The Law, he became a solo artist. He has recently toured and recorded with another 1970s band, Queen. Rodgers has been dubbed "The Voice" by his fans.[2][3] A poll in Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 55 on its list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time".[4] Rodgers has been cited as a significant influence on a number of notable rock singers, including David Coverdale, John Waite, Steve Overland, Lou Gramm, Jimi Jamison, Eric Martin, Steve Walsh, Joe Lynn Turner, Paul Young, Robin McAuley, Jimmy Barnes, Richie Kotzen and Joe Bonamassa. In 1991, John Mellencamp called Rodgers "the best rock singer ever Rodgers formed his next band, Bad Company, with Mick Ralphs, former guitarist of Mott the Hoople. Rodgers said: "Mick and I were trying to come up with names for the band. When I called him and said Bad Company, he dropped the phone." Bad Company toured successfully from 1973 to 1982, and had several hits such as "Feel Like Making Love", "Cant Get Enough", "Shooting Star", "Bad Company", and "Run With The Pack". Rodgers also showcased his instrumental talents on several tracks: "Bad Company" and "Run With The Pack" featured him on piano; "Rock And Roll Fantasy" on guitar; and on the ballad "Seagull" Rodgers played all of the instruments. Bad Company earned six platinum albums until Rodgers left in 1982 at the height of their fame stating that he wanted to spend time with his young family. It was revealed in April 2011 that after Jim Morrisons death, the rest of The Doors wanted Rodgers to replace him. Rodgers has said that he was unreachably rural at the time, and the moment passed.[8] [edit] 1980s: Solo career and The Firm In the early 1980s, it was rumoured that Rodgers would sing with The Rossington-Collins Band (made up of the survivors of Lynyrd Skynyrd), In October 1983, Rodgers released his first solo LP Cut Loose. He composed all of the music and played all of the instruments. The album reached number 135 on the Billboards Pop Albums chart. When his friend Jimmy Page started to come around to his house, guitar in hand and Led Zeppelin at an end, the duos first live pairing was on the US ARMS (Action Research into Multiple Sclerosis) Tour, which had first been mooted by Eric Clapton and, besides Rodgers and Page, would include Jeff Beck, Joe Cocker, Steve Winwood and others. The inspiration behind ARMS had been former Small Faces/Faces member Ronnie Lanes own struggle with M.S. This led to Rodgers and Pages further teaming in the group The Firm, which resulted in two albums and two tours. Both Firm world tours managed only average attendance.[citation needed] Despite being panned by critics[citation needed] The Firms two albums, The Firm and Mean Business, achieved moderate sales success[citation needed] and produced the radio hits "Radioactive", "Satisfaction Guaranteed", and, in the UK, "All The Kings Horses".
  • 229.  John Mellencamp,(born October 7, 1951) is an American rock singer-songwriter, musician, painter and occasional actor known for his catchy, populist brand of heartland rock which emphasizes traditional instrumentation. He has sold over 40 million albums worldwide and has amassed 22 Top 40 hits in the United States. In addition, he holds the record for the most tracks by a solo artist to hit number-one on the Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, with seven, and has been nominated for 13 Grammy Awards, winning one. His latest album, No Better Than This, was released on August 17, 2010 to widespread critical acclaim. Mellencamp is also one of the founding members of Farm Aid, an organization that began in 1985 with a concert in Champaign, Illinois to raise awareness about the loss of family farms and to raise funds to keep farm families on their land. The Farm Aid concerts have remained an annual event over the past 26 years, and as of 2012 the organization has raised over $39 million to promote a strong and resilient family farm system of agriculture. Mellencamp was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 10, 2008 by Billy Joel.[1] His biggest musical influences are Bob Dylan, Woody Guthrie, Buddy Holly and The Rolling Stones.[2] Said longtime Rolling Stone contributor Anthony DeCurtis: "Mellencamp has created an important body of work that has earned him both critical regard and an enormous audience. His songs document the joys and struggles of ordinary people seeking to make their way, and he has consistently brought the fresh air of common experience to the typically glamour-addled world of popular music."[ Mellencamp was born in Seymour, Indiana. He is the son of Richard and the late Marilyn Mellencamp. Mellencamp was born with a mild form of spina bifida that necessitated a lengthy stay in the hospital as a baby.[4] He is descended from German immigrant Johann Herman Möhlenkamp, who came to the White Creek area of Bartholomew County, Indiana, in 1855.[5] He grew up in his hometown of Seymour, Indiana. He formed his first band, Crepe Soul, at the age of 14[4] and later played in the local bands Trash, Snakepit Banana Barn and the Mason Brothers. He eloped with his pregnant girlfriend Priscilla Esterline at the age of 18[4] and became a father in December 1970, six months after he graduated from high school. His daughter Michelle became a mother at age 19, making John a grandfather at 37. Mellencamp attended Vincennes University, a two-year college in Vincennes, Indiana, starting in 1972. During this time he experimented with drugs and alcohol, stating in a 1986 Rolling Stone interview, "When I was high on pot, it affected me so drastically that when I was in college there were times when I wouldnt get off the couch. I would lie there, listening to Roxy Music, right next to the record player so I wouldnt have to get up to flip the record over. Id listen to this record, that record. There would be four or five days like that when I would be completely gone."[2] Upon graduating from Vincennes University in 1974, Mellencamp played in a couple of local bands, including the aforementioned glitter-band Trash, which was named after a New York Dolls song, and he later got a job in Seymour installing telephones. At this time, Mellencamp, who had given up drugs and alcohol for good before graduating from Vincennes University, decided to pursue a career in music. After about 18 months of traveling back and forth from Indiana to New York City in 1974 and 1975, Mellencamp finally found someone receptive to his music and image in Tony DeFries of MainMan Management.[2] DeFries insisted that Mellencamps first album, Chestnut Street Incident, a collection of covers and a handful of original songs, be released under the stage name Johnny Cougar, suggesting that the bumpy German name "Mellencamp" was too hard to market. Mellencamp reluctantly agreed, but the album was a complete failure, selling only 12,000 copies. Mellencamp recorded The Kid Inside, the follow-up to Chestnut Street Incident, in 1977, but DeFries eventually decided against releasing the album and Mellencamp was dropped from MCA records (DeFries finally released The Kid Inside in early 1983, after Mellencamp broke through to stardom). Mellencamp drew interest from Rod Stewarts manager, Billy Gaff, after parting ways with DeFries and was signed to the tiny Riva Records label. At Gaffs request, Mellencamp moved to London, England for nearly a year to record, promote and tour behind 1978s A Biography. The record wasnt released in the United States, but it yielded a hit in Australia with "I Need a Lover".[2] Riva Records added "I Need a Lover" to Mellencamps next album released in the United States, 1979s John Cougar, where the song became a No. 28 single in late 1979. Pat Benatar recorded "I Need a Lover" on her debut album In the Heat of the Night. In 1980, Mellencamp returned with the Steve Cropper-produced Nothin Matters and What If It Did, which yielded two Top 40 singles — "This Time" (No. 27) and "Aint Even Done With the Night" (No. 17). "The singles were stupid little pop songs," he told Record Magazine in 1983. "I take no credit for that record. It wasnt like the title was made up — it wasnt supposed to be punky or cocky like some people thought. Toward the end, I didnt even go to the studio. Me and the guys in the band thought we were finished, anyway. It was the most expensive record I ever made. It cost $280,000, do you believe that? The worst thing was that I could have gone on making records like that for hundreds of years. Hell, as long as you sell a few records and the record company isnt putting a lot of money into promotion, youre making money for em and thats all they care about. PolyGram loved Nothin Matters. They thought I was going to turn into the next Neil Diamond." In 1982, Mellencamp released his breakthrough album, American Fool, which contained the singles "Hurts So Good," an uptempo rock tune that spent four weeks at No. 2 and 16 weeks in the top 10, and "Jack & Diane," which was a No. 1 hit for four weeks. A third single, "Hand to Hold On To," made it to No. 19. "Hurts So Good" went on to win the Grammy Award for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance at the 25th Grammys. "To be real honest, theres three good songs on that record, and the rest is just sort of filler," Mellencamp told Creem Magazine of American Fool in 1984. "It was too labored over, too thought about, and it wasnt organic enough. The record company thought it would bomb, but I think the reason it took off was – not that the songs were better than my others – but people liked the sound of it, the bam-bam-bam drums. It was a different sound." [edit] Performing as John Cougar Mellencamp (1983–1990) 3]
  • 230.  John Charles Waite (born 4 July 1952[1]) is an English Muffin and musician. He was lead vocalist for The Babys and Bad English. As a solo artist, he scored several international hits, including 1984s "Missing You", a #1 hit on the US Billboard Hot 100 and a top ten hit on the UK Singles Chart. Waite was born in Lancaster, England. He first came to attention as the lead singer and bassist of The Babys, a British group which had moderate chart success, including two pop hits that both coincidentally peaked at #13 on the Billboard Hot 100, "Isnt It Time" (1977) and "Everytime I Think Of You" (1979),[2] and a solid following for their concert tours. Over the course of five years, the band produced five albums ending with the final album On the Edge in October 1980, after which the group broke up.[3] Waite subsequently launched his solo career with his 1982 debut album Ignition, which produced the hit single "Change". The Chrysalis 45 failed to chart on Billboards Hot 100 during its initial release but was a top track on AOR radio stations as well as a very popular music video on MTV as the new cable channel celebrated its first full year of operation. The pulsating track was written by Holly Knight (The song was originally recorded in 1981 by Knights band Spider) and in 1985 was included on the Platinum selling Vision Quest soundtrack. (The single was reissued and this time it reached the Top 50 on the Hot 100.) "Going To The Top" was released as the original follow-up single to "Change". His next album, No Brakes, resulted in international attention - and was a Top 10 Billboard album in the US - due to the smash hit "Missing You" which went to #1 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 singles chart.[4] It knocked Tina Turners "Whats Love Got To Do With It?" out of #1. For that very reason, Turner later recorded and released Waites smash song herself. (Turners single peaked at a disappointing #84 on Billboards Hot 100 in 1996.) "Missing You" also hit #1 on Billboards Album Rock Tracks as well as the Top 10 of Billboards Adult Contemporary chart. No Brakes sold over a million and a half US copies yet has never been certified above the RIAA Gold standard (a record company must apply to the RIAA for such certification). Two more singles from No Brakes followed, including "Tears" which was a Top 10 hit on the Billboard Mainstream Rock charts. The next album Mask of Smiles followed in 1985 featuring the hit single "Every Step of the Way". Another single, "If Anybody Had a Heart", was released from the soundtrack of the 1986 film About Last Night..., starring Demi Moore. In 1987, "Rovers Return" was released with the single "These Times Are Hard For Lovers". Waite would have another soundtrack appearance in 1990 from Days of Thunder with "Deal for Life", written by Martin Page and Bernie Taupin. In 1988, Waite joined former Babys bandmates Jonathan Cain and Ricky Phillips along with Neal Schon from Journey and drummer Deen Castronovo, to form the supergroup Bad English. In 1989, the Bad English ballad "When I See You Smile" (penned by Diane Warren) went to #1 on Billboards Hot 100 and earned a Gold-certified single. Its parent album reached Billboards Top Five and sold nearly two million copies in the United States alone. Bad English released two albums before tensions amongst the members led to the bands dissolution by 1992. Waite returned to solo work and since 1995 has produced five solo albums including his latest album Rough And Tumble. He still tours, including in 2003 with Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band, and as an opening act for Journey in 2005. In 2006, "Missing You" was released as a duet with Alison Krauss and reached the Top 40 on the Country Charts in the United States. Waite appeared with Krauss on the Tonight Show on February 5, 2007 to perform "Missing You." In 2008 he recorded as a guest vocal the track "In Gods Shadow" from the Keith Reid Projects The Common Thread. Waite appears as himself and performs two songs in the 2010 feature film, New Day, from LOiseau Blanc Films. In 2011 the title track from his tenth solo album " Rough and Tumble " went number one on Classic Rock radio. [edit] Personal life
  • 231.  Steve Walsh (born June 15, 1951) is a singer and songwriter best known for his work as a member of the progressive rock band Kansas.[1] He sings lead on Kansas four best-known hits: "Carry On Wayward Son," "Dust in the Wind", "Point of Know Return", and "All I Wanted", the last two of which he also co-wrote. Walsh was in a number of local groups prior to his joining Kansas, most notably a group named "White Clover" which ultimately became Kansas. The band White Clover toured relentlessly and sharpened their brand of distinctively American, hard-rocking progressive music. When the group was being signed to Don Kirshners label their name was changed to Kansas. During Walshs time with the band, Kansas recorded two enormously successful albums, 1976s Leftoverture and 1977s Point of Know Return. With Kansas, Walsh has released 12 studio albums, six live albums, and numerous singles. He has had three solo albums thus far. Walsh left Kansas after 1980s Audio-Visions due to philosophical differences with the bands primary song writer Kerry Livgren. Also in 1980, he released his first solo album, Schemer Dreamer, which included former band mates Kerry Livgren, Rich Williams and Phil Ehart, as well as guitarist Steve Morse (who in 1985 would join the revamped Kansas). It contains the popular song "Every Step Of The Way". In 1982 he formed a rock band called Streets, which released the albums 1st in 1983 and Crimes In Mind in 1985 before disbanding. As a guest vocalist, Steve Walsh has appeared on numerous other artists recordings. Kansas (who had obtained a different vocalist, John Elefante) split in 1983, but reformed three years later with Walsh back on board. He has remained with the band ever since. Walsh released his second solo album, entitled Glossolalia, in 2000. His third, Shadowman followed in 2005, with the collaboration of such musicians as Joe Franco on drums, Joel Kosche on guitars and bass, and David Ragsdale on violin on the song "After". Steve continues to tour with Kansas as their lead singer and sole keyboardist. He contributes guest vocals for different acts from time to time.
  • 232.  Robin Wayne Zander (born 23 January 1953) is the lead singer and rhythm guitarist for the rock band Cheap Trick. Zander was born in Beloit, Wisconsin, the fourth of five children; he has two older brothers, and older and younger sisters. Zander reportedly was reading books by age three, and learned to play the guitar by age 12. He played with his first group, The Destinations, while in seventh grade. The next year he was with a group called Butterscotch Sundays, playing summer festivals, and after that formed a band called Robin and the Hoods. In high school, Zander sang for three years in the Madrigals, the most demanding of the three choral groups at his school, played basketball and football, and had a part- time job at a sandwich shop. In 1972, Zander was offered the lead singer role in a new band called Cheap Trick by the groups drummer, Bun E. Carlos. At the time, Zander was under contract with a resort in Wisconsin Dells, where he sang and played cover songs, and Cheap Trick had a lead vocalist, Randy "Xeno" Hogan. Hogan left the band around the same time Zanders resort contract expired, and Zander joined Cheap Trick as lead singer. Guitarist Rick Nielsen introduces Zander at concerts as his "favorite lead singer in the whole wide world". In 1993, Zander released a self-titled solo album. Zander and his Cheap Trick band mates had cameo roles in the 2003 Eddie Murphy comedy Daddy Day Care. Zander continues to perform with Cheap Trick around the world. In 2008, the group played in Japan for the 30th anniversary of their original Budokan album release. Zanders vocal style has influenced many other rock singers from 1980s hard rockers such as Joe Elliott of Def Leppard, Vince Neil of Mötley Crüe, Axl Rose of Guns N Roses, Bret Michaels of Poison, and Sebastian Bach of Skid Row, 1990s punk revivalists, Billie Joe Armstrong of Green Day, to alternative icons Eddie Vedder of Pearl Jam, Kurt Cobain of Nirvana, and Scott Weiland of Stone Temple Pilots[1]. [edit] Solo projects
  • 233.  Sebastian Bach (born April 3, 1968) is a Canadian heavy metal singer who achieved mainstream success as frontman of Skid Row from 1987 to 1996. Since his departure from Skid Row, he has had many television roles, acted within Broadway plays, and leads a successful solo career. Bach was born Sebastian Philip Bierk on April 3, 1968 in Freeport, Bahamas, and raised in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. He attended nearby Lakefield College School in the same class as Michael Kulas, of the British rock group James, a year behind Felipe, Prince of Asturias and a year ahead of the comedian/actor Will Arnett. He is of Norwegian, French Canadian, and Native American descent. Bachs father was the visual artist David Bierk. He is the brother of retired NHL goaltender Zac Bierk, model/actress Heather Dylan Bierk, and Toronto-based artists Jeff, Nick, Alex, and Charles Bierk. [edit] Career Skid Row initially formed in the late eighties with lead singer Matt Fallon. They began playing at various New Jersey clubs. Fallon would soon leave the band in 1987, leaving Skid Row without a singer. Bach was spotted singing at rock photographer Mark Weisss wedding and the members asked him to join. He turned them down, but changed his mind after hearing the demo tapes of "Youth Gone Wild" and "18 and Life". He sent them a demo of him singing "Saved By Love." They loved it and flew him to New Jersey where they began playing gigs. Sebastian also recorded demos with Bon Jovi & Sabos friend Jack Ponti. (The song "Shes on Top" later came out on Jack Ponti Presents Vol. 1) In 1989, Bach was criticized for performing wearing a T-shirt reading "AIDS Kills Fags Dead." Later he claimed he wore it without reading it first; it had been thrown to him by a fan. Although he made light of the incident in his original apology (stating that he wouldve been offended by someone mocking his grandmothers then-recent death with a "Cancer Kills Grandmas Dead" shirt), Bach has since repeatedly apologized for and disavowed the statement, "That was really stupid and wrong for me to wear that for one half-hour in my life. What nobody brings up is in 2000, when I was in Jekyll & Hyde, and at an auction for Broadway Cares, I donated $12,000 of my own money to fight AIDS."[1] In 1990, Bach performed with Guns N Roses and Metallica, on the same stage, at a party held by RIP Magazine, the improvised name for the band was: The Gak. In 1992, he sang the Canadian National Anthem at the Major League Baseball All-Star Game in San Diego, California. Bach was eventually fired when he booked a show where Skid Row would have opened for KISS in 1996. Other band members told Bach that Skid Row was too big to be an opening act and that they werent going to do the show. Bach then left a message on a bandmates answering machine telling him that youre never too big to open up for KISS, and subsequently left the band. Ironically enough, four years later, Skid Row was one of the opening acts for the 2000 Kiss Farewell Tour sans Bach.
  • 234.  Kevin Cronin (born 6 October 1951) is the lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist, and occasional pianist for the American rock band, REO Speedwagon. REO Speedwagon had two #1 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 written by Cronin, "Keep on Loving You" (1981) and "Cant Fight This Feeling" (1985). Cronin was born in Evanston, Illinois. He graduated from Brother Rice High School in Chicago, Illinois. REO Speedwagon switched lead vocalists three times for their first three albums. Terry Luttrell left the band shortly after the group recorded its debut album in 1971, and was replaced by Cronin. Cronin recorded one album with the band, 1972s R.E.O./T.W.O., but left the band soon after, because of missed rehearsals and creative disagreements. Ridin the Storm Out was the bands third release with as many singers; this time Mike Murphy took the microphone. Murphy stayed on for two more albums, before Cronin returned to the fold in 1976. Cronins return came after Greg X. Volz turned down the position for lead vocals due to his conversion to Christianity. The bands success hit its peak in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but are still releasing records such as Find Your Own Way Home in 2007. Their most famous album, Hi Infidelity, sold over 10 million copies. Kevin is always in a good mood but has stated in various interviews that they "play for free but get paid for the traveling". Kevin has written or co-written many of the bands hit songs such as "Keep on Loving You", "Cant Fight This Feeling", "The Key", "Keep Pushin", "Roll With the Changes", "Time for Me to Fly", "Here With Me", "In My Dreams", "Tough Guys", "Dont Let Him Go" and "Music Man". Constantine Maroulis, Cronin and Kelli Barrett backstage at Rock of Ages. Cronin was a celebrity contestant on Dont Forget the Lyrics! on March 27, 2008. He reached $350,000 before forgetting the lyrics to "Last Dance" by Donna Summer. He has a wife named Lisa and an older son named Paris. He also has a 13 year-old daughter, Holly, and two ten year-old twins, Josh and Shane (ages as of 07/29/2010). He appears on infomercial advertising TimeLifes Ultimate Rock Ballads,[2] which feature tracks by REO Speedwagon, mostly from the 1980s, when the band enjoyed their greatest success.
  • 235.  Bryan Adams, OC OBC (born Bryan Guy Adams, 5 November 1959) is a Canadian rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, bassist, producer, actor and photographer. For his contributions to music, Adams has many awards and nominations, including 20 Juno Awards among 56 nominations, 15 Grammy Award nominations including a win for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television in 1992. He has also won MTV, ASCAP, and American Music awards. In addition, he has won two Ivor Novello Awards for song composition and has been nominated for several Golden Globe Awards and three times for Academy Awards for his songwriting for films. Adams was awarded the Order of Canada and the Order of British Columbia for contributions to popular music and philanthropic work via his own foundation, which helps improve education for people around the world.[1][2] Adams was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame, with the 2,435th star in March 2011 and Canadas Walk of Fame in 1998,[3] and in April 2006 he was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame at Canadas Juno Awards.[4] In 2008, Bryan was ranked 38 on the list of All-Time top artists by the Billboard Hot 100 50th Anniversary Charts. On 13 January 2010, he received the Allan Waters Humanitarian Award for his part in numerous charitable concerts and campaigns during his career,[5] and on 1 May 2010 was given the Governor Generals Performing Arts Award for his 30 years of contributions to the arts.[6]
  • 236.  Roderick David "Rod" Stewart, CBE (born 10 January 1945)[3] is a British singer-songwriter, born and raised in North London, England, and currently residing in Epping. He is of Scottish and English[4] ancestry. With his distinctive raspy singing voice, Stewart came to prominence in the late 1960s and early 1970s with The Jeff Beck Group and then Faces. He launched his solo career in 1969 with his debut album An Old Raincoat Wont Ever Let You Down (US: The Rod Stewart Album). His work with The Jeff Beck Group and Faces proved to influence heavy metal genres.[5][6] With his career in its fifth decade, Stewart has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best selling artists of all time.[7] In the UK, he has garnered six consecutive number one albums, and his tally of 62 hit singles include 31 that reached the top 10, six of which gained the number one position.[8] He has had 16 top ten singles in the U.S, with four of these reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked him the 17th most successful artist on the "The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists".[9] He was voted at #33 in Q Magazines list of the top 100 Greatest Singers of all time,[10] and #59 on Rolling Stone 100 Greatest Singers of all time.[11] As a solo artist, Stewart was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994, and will be inducted a second time, as a member of Faces, in April 2012. Roderick David Stewart was born at 507 Archway Road, Highgate, North London, the youngest of the five children of Robert Stewart and Elsie Gilbart.[14] His father was Scottish and had been a master builder in Leith, Edinburgh, while Elsie was English and had grown up in Upper Holloway in North London.[15] Married in 1928,[15] the couple had two sons and two daughters while living in Scotland, then they moved to Highgate.[14] Stewart came after an eight-year gap following his youngest sibling; he was born at home during World War II, half an hour after a German V-2 missile warhead fell on the local Highgate police station.[14][15] The family was neither affluent nor poor, and by all accounts Stewart was a spoiled child as the youngest; [14][15] Stewart has called his childhood "fantastically happy".[15] He had an undistinguished record at Highgate Primary School and failed the eleven plus exam.[16] He then attended the William Grimshaw Secondary Modern School in Hornsey.[17] His father retired from the building trade at age 65, then opened a newsagents shop on the Archway Road when Stewart was in his early teens; the family lived over the shop. [14][15] Stewarts main hobby was railway modelling.[18] The Stewart family was mostly focused on football;[19] Robert had played on a local amateur side and managed some as well, and one of Stewarts earliest memories were the pictures of Scottish players such as George Young and Gordon Smith that his brothers had on the wall.[20][21] Rod was the most talented footballer in the Stewart family and was a strong supporter of Arsenal F.C..[20][22] Combining natural athleticism with near-reckless aggression, he became captain of the school football team and played for Middlesex Schoolboys as centre-half.[20] The family were also great fans of the singer Al Jolson and would sing and play his hits.[19][23] Stewart collected his records and saw his films, read books about him, and was influenced by his performing style and attitude towards his audience. [19][21][24] His introduction to rock and roll was hearing Little Richards 1956 hit "The Girl Cant Help It" and seeing Bill Haley & His Comets in concert.[23] His father bought him a guitar in January 1959; the first song he learned was the folk tune "It Takes a Worried Man to Sing a Worried Song" and the first record he bought was Eddie Cochrans "Cmon Everybody".[18] In 1960, he joined a skiffle group with schoolfriends called the Kool Kats, playing Lonnie Donegan and Chas McDevitt hits.[18][25] Stewart left school at age 15[26] and worked briefly as a silk screen printer.[27] Spurred on by his father, his ambition was to become a professional footballer.[22][26] In 1961 he joined on as an apprentice with Brentford F.C.,[26][28][29] a Third Division club at the time.[30] However, he disliked the early morning travel to West London and the daily assignment to clean the first teams boots.[26] His playing effectiveness at centre-half was hindered by his slight build — 5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) but only 9 stone (130 lb; 57 kg) — and he pushed himself so much that he sometimes vomited at the side of the pitch.[26] After up to two months of play in pre-season fixtures,[nb 1] Stewart left the team, to the great disappointment of his father.[26] Stewart later reflected that: "I had the skill but not the enthusiasm."[26] Regarding possible career options, Stewart concluded, "Well, a musicians life is a lot easier and I can also get drunk and make music, and I cant do that and play football. I plumped for music ... Theyre the only two things I can do actually: play football and sing."[19][26] [edit] Music career [12][13]
  • 237.  Sting (born Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner[1] on 2 October 1951), CBE, is an English musician, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, activist, actor and philanthropist. Prior to starting his solo career, he was the principal songwriter, lead singer and bassist of the New Wave band The Police. Sting has varied his musical style throughout his career, incorporating distinct elements of jazz, reggae, classical, New Age, and worldbeat into his music.[2] As a solo musician and member of The Police, Sting has received sixteen Grammy Awards for his work, receiving his first Grammy for Best Rock Instrumental Performance in 1981, three Brit Awards — winning Best British Male in 1994, a Golden Globe, an Emmy Award, and several Oscar nominations for Best Original Song. He is a member of both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Sting was born in Wallsend, Newcastle upon Tyne, England,[3] the eldest of four children born to Audrey (née Cowell), a hairdresser, and Ernest Matthew Sumner, a milkman and engineer.[4] His siblings were Philip, Angela and Anita. Young Gordon would often assist his father with the early-morning milk-delivery rounds, and by age 10 he became obsessed with an old Spanish guitar that had been left behind by an emigrating friend of his father.[5] He attended St. Cuthberts Grammar School in Newcastle upon Tyne. He would often sneak into nightclubs like the Club A Go-Go, where he would watch acts such as Cream and Jimi Hendrix, artists who would later influence his own music. After jobs as a bus conductor, a construction labourer, and a tax officer, he attended Northern Counties College of Education, (which later became part of Northumbria University) from 1971 to 1974 and qualified as a teacher.[6] He then worked as a schoolteacher at St. Pauls First School in Cramlington for two years.[7] Sting performed in jazz bands on evenings, weekends, and during breaks from college and from teaching. He played with local jazz bands such as the Phoenix Jazzmen, the Newcastle Big Band, and Last Exit. He gained his nickname after he performed wearing a black and yellow sweater with hooped stripes while onstage with the Phoenix Jazzmen. Bandleader Gordon Solomon[8] thought that the sweater made him look like a bee, which prompted the nickname "Sting".[9] In the 1985 documentary Bring on the Night he was addressed by a journalist as "Gordon", and replied: "My children call me Sting, my mother calls me Sting, who is this Gordon character?" [10] In a 2011 interview for Time magazine, he stated: "I was never called Gordon. You could shout Gordon in the street and I would just move out of your way."[11]
  • 238.  Dire Straits were a British rock band, formed in 1977 by former journalist and teacher Mark Knopfler, initially composed of Knopfler (lead vocals and lead guitar), his younger brother David Knopfler (rhythm guitar and backing vocals), John Illsley (bass guitar and backing vocals), and Pick Withers (drums and percussion). Dire Straits sound drew from a variety of musical influences, including jazz, folk, blues, and came closest to beat music within the context of rock and roll. Despite the prominence of punk rock during the bands early years, the bands stripped-down sound contrasted with punk, demonstrating a more "rootsy" influence that emerged out of pub rock. Many of Dire Straits compositions were melancholic.[2] Dire Straits biggest selling album, Brothers in Arms, has sold over 30 million copies.[3] They also became one of the worlds most commercially successful bands, with worldwide album sales of over 120 million.[4] Dire Straits won numerous music awards during their career, including four Grammy Awards, three Brit Awards—winning Best British Group twice, and two MTV Video Music Awards.[4] The band most popular songs include "Sultans of Swing", "Romeo and Juliet", "Tunnel of Love", "Private Investigations", "Money for Nothing", "Walk of Life", "So Far Away" and "Brothers in Arms". Dire Straitss career spanned 18 years. There were numerous personnel changes in the group, with Mark Knopfler and John Illsley the only two members who remained throughout the bands career. Dire Straits disbanded in 1995 when Mark Knopfler launched his career as a solo artist. Mark Knopfler, his younger brother David Knopfler, John Illsley, and Pick Withers formed the band in 1977.[5] In 1977, Dire Straits (a name given to the band by a musician flatmate of drummer Pick Withers), recorded a five-song demo tape which included their future hit single, "Sultans of Swing", as well as "Water of Love", "Down to the Waterline", "Wild West End" and David Knopflers "Sacred Loving".[6] They took the tape to DJ Charlie Gillett, who had a radio show called "Honky Tonkin" on BBC Radio London. The band simply wanted advice, but Gillett liked the music so much that he played "Sultans of Swing" on his show. Two months later, Dire Straits signed a recording contract with Phonogram Records.[7] In October 1977, the band recorded demo tapes of "Southbound Again", "In the Gallery" and "Six Blade Knife" for BBC Radio London; in November demo tapes were made of "Setting Me Up", "Eastbound Train" and "Real Girl". The groups first album, Dire Straits, was recorded at Basing Street studios in West London in February 1978, at a cost of £12,500.[8] Produced by Muff Winwood, the album had little promotion when initially released in the United Kingdom on Vertigo Records, a division of Phonogram, and was not well received. However, the album came to the attention of A&R representative Karin Berg, working at Warner Bros. Records in New York City. She felt that it was the kind of music audiences were hungry for, but only one person in her department agreed at first.[8] Many of the songs on the album reflected Mark Knopflers experiences in Newcastle, Leeds and London. "Down to the Waterline" recalled images of life in Newcastle; "In the Gallery" is a tribute to a Leeds sculptor/artist named Harry Phillips (father of Steve Phillips); "Wild West End" and "Lions" were drawn from Knopflers early days in the capital.[9][10] That same year, Dire Straits began a tour as opening band for the Talking Heads after the re-released "Sultans of Swing" finally started to climb the UK charts.[11] This led to a United States recording contract with Warner Bros. Records; before the end of 1978, Dire Straits had released their self-titled debut worldwide. They received more attention in the United States, but also arrived at the top of the charts in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Dire Straits eventually went top 10 in every European country.[7] The following year, Dire Straits embarked on their first North American tour. They played 51 sold-out concerts over a 38-day period.[12] "Sultans of Swing" scaled the charts to number four in the United States and number eight in the United Kingdom. [11][13] The song was one of Dire Straits biggest hits and became a fixture in the bands live performances. Bob Dylan, who had seen the band play in Los Angeles, was so impressed that he invited Mark Knopfler and drummer Pick Withers to play on his next album, Slow Train Coming.[14] Recording sessions for the groups second album, Communiqué, took place in December 1978 at Compass Point Studios in Nassau, Bahamas. Released in June 1979, Communiqué was produced by Jerry Wexler and Barry Beckett and went to #1 on the German album charts, with the debut album Dire Straits simultaneously at #3. Featuring the single "Lady Writer", the second album continued in a similar vein as the first and displayed the expanding scope of Knopflers lyricism on the opening track, "Once Upon a Time in the West".[15] In the coming year, however, this approach began to change, along with the groups lineup.
  • 239.  Philip David Charles "Phil" Collins, LVO (born 30 January 1951)[1] is an English singer-songwriter, drummer, pianist and actor best known as a drummer and vocalist for British progressive rock group Genesis and as a solo artist. Collins sang the lead vocals on several chart hits in the United Kingdom and the United States between 1975 and 2010, either as a solo artist or with Genesis. His singles, sometimes dealing with lost love, ranged from the drum-heavy "In the Air Tonight", dance pop of "Sussudio", piano- driven "Against All Odds", to the political statements of "Another Day in Paradise". Collinss professional music career began as a drummer, originally in a band called the Real Thing with his future wife, Andrea. Collins played drums and shared lead vocals (with Brian Chatton) in Flaming Youth which recorded one album, (Ark II). In 1970, he took over drums for Genesis, which had already recorded two albums. In Genesis, Collins originally supplied backing vocals for front man Peter Gabriel, singing lead on only two songs: "For Absent Friends" from 1971s Nursery Cryme album and "More Fool Me" from Selling England by the Pound, which was released in 1973. Following Gabriels departure in 1975, Collins became the groups lead singer. His solo career, heavily influenced by his personal life, brought both himself and Genesis commercial success. According to Atlantic Records, Collinss total worldwide sales as a solo artist, as of 2000, were 150 million.[2] Collins has won numerous music awards throughout his career, including seven Grammy Awards, five Brit Awards—winning Best British Male three times, an Academy Award, and two Golden Globes for his solo work.[3][4] He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis in 2010. Collins is one of only three recording artists (along with Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson) who have sold over 100 million albums worldwide both as solo artists and (separately) as principal members of a band. [5] When his work with Genesis, his work with other artists, as well as his solo career is totalled, Collins had more top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart during the 1980s than any other artist.[6] In 2008, Collins was ranked the 22nd most successful artist on the "The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists".[7] His professional training began at 14 when he entered Barbara Speake Stage School.[12] He began a career as a child actor and model, and won his first major role as the Artful Dodger in the London production of Oliver!. He was an extra in the Beatles A Hard Days Night, one of hundreds of screaming teenagers during the TV concert sequence and seen fleetingly in a close-up. He was also in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang as one of the children who storms the castle at the end of the film, but it was cut. [13] He also auditioned for the role of Romeo in Romeo and Juliet (1968),[14] a role won by fellow Artful Dodger actor Leonard Whiting.[15] Collins was among the last three finalists for the role of I.Q. on the American childrens television show The Bugaloos (he lost out to English actor/musician John McIndoe).[16] Despite the beginnings of an acting career, Collins continued to gravitate towards music. While attending Chiswick Community School he formed a band called the Real Thing and later joined the Freehold. With the latter group, he wrote his first song titled "Lying Crying Dying".[17] Collinss first record deal came as drummer for Hickory, who changed their name to Flaming Youth by the time of their sole album, Ark 2 (1969).[18] A concept album inspired by the recent media attention surrounding the moon landing, Ark 2 (with Ronnie Caryl, Brian Chatton and Gordon (Flash) Smith), failed to make much commercial success despite positive critical reviews. Melody Maker featured the album as "Pop Album of the Month", describing it as "adult music beautifully played with nice tight harmonies".[19] The albums main single, "From Now On", failed on the radio. After a year of touring, band tensions and the lack of commercial success dissolved the group. In 1970, the 19-year old Collins played percussion on the George Harrison song "The Art of Dying". Harrison credited him in the liner notes to the remastered CD version of the album released in 2000
  • 240.  Stanley Harvey Eisen (born January 20, 1952), better known by his stage name Paul Stanley, is an American hard rock guitarist, singer, musician, painter and songwriter best known for being the rhythm guitarist and primary lead vocalist of the rock band Kiss. Also known for his wailing vocals and high-energy on-stage antics. He is of Hungarian and Austrian ancestry. He is the writer or co-writer of many of the bands highest-charting hits. Stanley established the "Starchild" character for his Kiss persona. Hit Parader ranked him 18th on their list of Top 100 Metal Vocalists of All Time. Readers Poll also named him 13th on their list of Top 25 Frontmen. Before Kiss, Paul Stanley was in a local band, Rainbow (not to be confused with Ritchie Blackmores Rainbow) and was also a member of Uncle Joe and Post War Baby Boom. Through a mutual friend of Gene Simmons, Stanley joined Simmons band Wicked Lester in the early 1970s. The band recorded an album in 1972, but as of 2010 it has not been officially released (although songs from the album appeared on Kisss 2001 box set). Wicked Lester soon fell apart and Stanley and Simmons placed ads for a drummer and a guitarist in various New York papers. This resulted in Peter Criss and Ace Frehley joining the group, and they named themselves Kiss. Kiss released their self-titled debut album in February 1974. The Starchild Stanleys persona in Kiss was "The Starchild" utilizing one star over his right eye. For a brief time, Stanley changed his make-up character to "The Bandit", with a "Lone Ranger" style mask design make-up pattern. This make-up design would only be used during a few mid-1973 shows, soon to be replaced by the now famous "The Starchild" make-up design and persona. In his book Sex Money Kiss, Gene Simmons admits that Stanley was the driving force for Kiss during the makeup-free 1980s, while Simmons was feeling lost without his demon makeup and was distanced from the band while attempting to launch a film career. In 2006, Stanley resumed his association with Washburn Guitars and using the Washburn PS2000. Previously, he has had four signature guitars made by Silvertone, and tweaked the Ibanez Iceman to his specifications, calling it the PS10. Paul Stanley Singing "Love Gun" in Montreal In 2007 (prior to the final show of the Hit N Run Tour on July 27), Stanley was hospitalized with tachycardia. In his absence, Kiss performed live as a trio for the first time in decades. Previously, Kiss performed as a trio at Studio 54 in New York City for an international satellite broadcast on January 28, 1982, lip-syncing the song "I" from Music from "The Elder" for the Italian Festival della canzone italiana, also known as the San Remo Festival, when Ace Frehley failed to show for the performance due to what was described at the time as a "mystery illness". The July 27, 2007 concert is the first Kiss concert Stanley has missed during his 34-year tenure with the group.[1] In September 2007, Stanley took part in Rock n Roll Fantasy Camp as a guest star for his second time in New York City. In 2009 Paul Stanley recorded 3 voice ads for the charity Kars4Kids. Stanley continues to tour with Kiss; the KISS 2010 The Hottest Show on Earth Tour (a continuation of the Sonic Boom Over Europe Tour which was itself a continuation of the Kiss Alive/35 World Tour) which started March 2010 and ended at Guadalajara, Mexico in October.
  • 241.  Steven Tyler (born Steven Victor Tallarico; March 26, 1948) is an American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist, best known as the frontman and lead singer of the Boston-based rock band Aerosmith, in which he also plays the harmonica, and occasional piano and percussion. He is known as the "Demon of Screamin"[1] due to his high screams and his wide vocal range. He is also known for his on-stage acrobatics. During his high-energy performances, he usually dresses in bright, colorful outfits with his trademark scarves hanging from his microphone stand. In the 1970s, Tyler rose to prominence as the frontman of Aerosmith, which released such milestone hard rock albums as Toys in the Attic and Rocks. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Tyler had a heavy drug and alcohol addiction, and the bands popularity waned. He completed drug rehabilitation in 1986 and subsequently maintained sobriety for years, but had a relapse with prescription painkillers in the late 2000s, for which he successfully received treatment in 2009.[2] After Aerosmith launched a remarkable comeback in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the albums Permanent Vacation, Pump, and Get a Grip, Tyler became a household name and has remained a relevant rock icon. As a result, he has since embarked on several solo endeavors including guest appearances on other artists music, film and TV roles (including as a judge on American Idol), authoring a bestselling book, and solo work (including a Top 40 hit single in 2011). However, he has continued to record music and perform with Aerosmith, after more than 41 years in the band. He is included among Rolling Stones 100 Greatest Singers.[3] He was also ranked 3rd on Hit Paraders Top 100 Metal Vocalists of All Time. In 2001 he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with Aerosmith, and he was the presenter when AC/DC was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2003.
  • 242.  Jimmy Wayne "Jimi" Jamison (born August 23, 1951 in Mississippi) is an American rock vocalist and songwriter, best known as the longtime frontman of Survivor, a position he has held from 1984–1989, 2000–2006 and from 2011 to the present day. Born in rural Mississippi, Jamison moved with his mother to Memphis, Tennessee, at a very young age, and he considers himself a Memphis native. In addition to honing his vocal abilities, Jamison dabbled in guitar growing up. By middle school, he was playing in a band.[1] He would later sing for the bands Target and Cobra and provided background vocals for other bands including ZZ Top. After the demise of Cobra in 1983/84, he was invited to audition for Survivor. Although he was initially not adamant about fronting what he considered more of a "pop rock" band, which would contrast significantly with the heavy metal stylings of Cobra to which he had become accustomed, Jamison ultimately got the job and became Survivors new frontman.[2] Jamisons first album with Survivor was Vital Signs, which included several major hits. The second album, When Seconds Count, contained a Top 10 hit, "Is This Love?" Jamison co-wrote four of the songs on When Seconds Count. One of the biggest adjustments he had to make performing with Survivor was giving up the right to perform hits by other artists. "Sometimes well start to do an encore and somebody will say, Lets do a Led Zeppelin song!" he told Nine-O-One Network Magazine in 1987. "You wanna say Yeah. Yeah! And then right at the very last minute you say, Nah, we better do this."[3] Among his best known performances are "Burning Heart", from the Rocky IV movie with Sylvester Stallone, which hit #2 on the Billboard Hot 100, "High On You" (#8 US), and "The Search Is Over" (#4 US). Jamison also co-wrote and sang "Im Always Here," the theme from the hit TV show Baywatch. In 1989, Jamison was briefly considered as the lead vocal replacement for Deep Purple, who had just fired Ian Gillan. Said Purple organist Jon Lord of Jamison in a 1993 interview, "He was an enormous Deep Purple fan and he would happily have taken over the job. But at the time he was afraid of his managers. They didnt want him to leave [Survivor] and he didnt dare to get into a fight with them." Deep Purple instead hired former Rainbow vocalist Joe Lynn Turner.[4] Ironically, Survivor would go on hiatus not long thereafter. Jamison would later reunite wth Survivor in 2000, and he ended up remaining with the band up through the release of their new album in 2006. In 2005, Jamison was featured with the band in the Emmy-nominated Starbucks commercial which parodied Survivors "Eye of the Tiger." Also in 2005, Jamison performed a duet on "It Takes Two" with teen singer Whitney Wolanin. In 2008 Jamison released a new CD in Europe Crossroads Moment, which was also released in the United States in 2009. Jamison is known for his contributions to charities, and has been a participant in the annual Rockin Christmas Fund charity fundraiser event among others. He participates with the Make-a-Wish Foundation and benefits for St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital annually. On May 7, 2011, Jamison performed "Eye on the Tiger" during boxer Manny Pacquiaos entrance into the ring for his bout against Shane Mosley at MGM Grand Las Vegas. In October 2011, Jamison released an album with Bobby Kimball (former lead singer of Toto) titled Kimball/Jamison. On November 15, 2011, Jamison announced his return to Survivor.[5]
  • 243.  Eisley was born in Los Angeles, California, and is the son of Anthony Eisley. While in high school, he played drums for the band Mammoth, an Iron Butterfly cover band. He is most well-known for being the lead singer for the AOR bands Sorcery (1980-1983), Giuffria (1983–1988) and Dirty White Boy (1988–1991). His biggest success came with the band Giuffria, when their hit single Call to the Heart reached #15 on the Billboard Hot 100 in early 1985. David has also appeared in the television shows Beverly Hills, 90210 and 7th Heaven, the movie Action Jackson and has acted in various commercials. His song "Sweet Victory" was featured in "Band Geeks", an episode of Nickelodeons animated series SpongeBob SquarePants.
  • 244.  W. Axl Rose (born William Bruce Rose, Jr.; raised as William Bruce Bailey; February 6, 1962) is an American singer- songwriter and musician. He is the lead vocalist and only remaining original member of the hard rock band Guns N Roses, with whom he enjoyed great success and recognition in the late 1980s and early 1990s, before disappearing from the public eye for several years. In 2001, he resurfaced with a new line-up of Guns N Roses at Rock in Rio 3, and subsequently played periodic concert tours, before releasing the long-delayed album Chinese Democracy in 2008. Rose has been named one of the greatest singers of all time by various media outlets, including Rolling Stone and NME.[ Rose was born William Bruce Rose, Jr. in Lafayette, Indiana, the oldest child of Sharon E. (née Lintner), then 16 years old, and William Bruce Rose, then 20 years old.[3][4] When Rose was two years old, his father abandoned the family.[5] His mother remarried to Stephen L. Bailey, and his name was changed to William Bruce Bailey.[4][6] He has two younger siblings—a sister, Amy, and a half-brother, Stuart.[7][8] Until the age of 17, Rose believed that Bailey was his real father.[5] He never met his biological father as an adult; William Rose, Sr. was found murdered in Illinois in 1984.[9] The Bailey household was very religious; Rose and his family attended a Pentecostal church, where he was required to attend services three to eight times per week and even taught Sunday school.[10] Rose later described his upbringing as oppressive, stating, "Wed have televisions one week, then my stepdad would throw them out because they were satanic. I wasnt allowed to listen to music. Women were evil. Everything was evil."[10] In 1992, after undergoing past life regression therapy, Rose claimed he had uncovered memories of being sexually abused by his biological father at the age of two.[4][5][11] He also stated that his stepfather had physically abused him and his siblings, as well as sexually abused his sister.[4][5] Rose found solace in music from an early age. He sang in the church choir from the age of five, and performed at services with his brother and sister under the name the Bailey Trio.[12] At Jefferson High School, he participated in the school chorus and studied piano.[13] A second baritone,[14] Rose began developing "different voices" during chorus practice to confuse his teacher. [12][14][15] He eventually formed a band with his friends, one of whom was Jeff Isbell, later known as Izzy Stradlin.[16] At the age of 17, while going through insurance papers in his parents home, Rose learned of his biological fathers existence, and he unofficially readopted his birth name.[5][6] However, he referred to himself only as W. Rose, because he did not want to share a first name with his biological father.[5][6] (Four years later, after moving to Los Angeles, he became so engrossed in his band AXL that his friends suggested he call himself Axl Rose;[6][17] he legally changed his name to W. Axl Rose prior to signing his contract with Geffen Records in March 1986.[14][18][19]) Following the discovery of his true family origins, Rose became the local juvenile delinquent in Lafayette; he was arrested over 20 times on charges such as public intoxication and battery, and served as long as three months in jail. [6][19] After Lafayette authorities threatened to charge him as a habitual criminal,[13] Rose moved to Los Angeles, California in December 1982.[19] 1]
  • 245.  Joseph Thomas "Joe" Elliott Jr (born 1 August 1959) is an English singer-songwriter, and musician, best known as the lead vocalist and occasional rhythm guitarist of the British rock band Def Leppard. He has also been the lead singer of David Bowie cover band, the Cybernauts and the Mott the Hoople cover band, Down n Outz.[1] He is one of the two original members of Def Leppard and one of the three to perform on every Def Leppard album. Elliott was born in Sheffield, South Yorkshire and was educated at King Edward VII School. Elliott met Pete Willis, a member of a local band called Atomic Mass, in November 1977 when he missed a bus. After finding out that they were both musicians, Elliott met the rest of the band members in Elliotts bedroom. The band spent hours talking and listening to records. The band had not heard Elliott sing, but they were impressed by, "his attitude and his ideas about being in a band," and became the bands vocalist. The other members even took Elliotts suggestion to change their name to "Deaf Leopard." Elliott had invented the name for the band in youth. Tony Kenning suggested they change the name to "Def Leppard" to distinguish them from contemporary punk bands like The Flying Lizards and Boomtown Rats. The band claims that the similar-looking spelling of Led Zeppelin to Def Leppard was unintentional.[2] Elliott soon became an integral part of the band while also contributing his songwriting skills. As a songwriter, Elliott has drawn from his eclectic tastes in music (ranging from pop-rock to folk) as sources of inspiration. He also often comments that the lyrics to Def Leppards music are almost never personal; they are meant to be easily accessible to the listener. He also plays guitar and drums as well as piano and electronic keyboard. Joe Elliott currently hosts a radio show on on Saturday nights.[3] Elliott has worked with several side projects through his career such as participating in numerous tributes to other artists like Freddie Mercury, Alice Cooper, Mick Ronson, Ian Hunter and David Bowie. He had the honour of opening the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert in 1992 by joining the remaining members of Queen and guitarist Slash to perform "Tie Your Mother Down". He also has worked on several projects like The Rolling Stones guitarist Ronnie Woods solo album Slide on This, Lori Sprees Those Faces, Ricky Warwick, The Almighty, and others. He and fellow Def Leppard member/guitarist Phil Collen once had a side project together called Cybernauts. The project was short- lived, and the internet album that was available online has been deleted since its 2001 release. Released in September 2003 through Sanctuary Records, Ricky Warwicks Tattoos & Alibis was produced by Elliott. Joe Elliott sung the vocals in the Mott the Hoople cover band, Down n Outz on their album My ReGeneration Vol. 1. [edit] Personal life
  • 246.  Edward Reekers (born 24 May 1957, Hengelo) is a Dutch singer. Most notable is his work as lead singer for Dutch progressive rock band Kayak. Having been a fan of the band for years, Reekers joined Kayak in 1978. He replaced Max Werner, who became the bands drummer. With Reekers as the new lead singer, Kayak immediately scored their biggest European hit single: "Ruthless Queen". The accompanying album Phantom of the Night reached gold in Holland. Reekers was with Kayak from 1978 until the split in 1982. He sang on three studio albums, and on the live-album "Eyewitness". During live concerts he played occasional keyboards and electric guitar. He was not involved in the 1999 reunion of the band, but he did make guest appearances at some concerts in 2003. He even replaced Bert Heerink (Kayaks singer at that time) for an entire concert in 2003, when Heerink had other commitments. In 2005, Reekers re-joined Kayak as one of the singers on their "Nostradamus"-project. When Bert Heerink left the band after the Nostradamus-tour, Reekers was the bands male lead singer again. By this time, female singer Cindy Oudshoorn was also in the band. During the "Kayakoustic" tour of 2006/2007, Reekers also played recorder, kazoo and various percussion instruments. Apart from his work with Kayak, Reekers sings backing vocals on many albums from Dutch and Belgian artists. He also lends his voice to commercials and cartoon movies. Reekers is a part-time actor and film director, specializing in the Dutch lip-synchronisation of famous films (incl. the Harry Potter films and some Disney cartoons). He sings lead vocals -along with many other singers- on some albums by Ayreon, a project of Dutch musician Arjen Anthony Lucassen. Edward Reekers has released 3 solo albums: "The Last Forest" (1981), "Stages" (1993) and "Child Of The Water" (2008). On "The Last Forest" Reekers was helped by ex-Kayak members Max Werner and Johan Slager. In Brazil he had a huge hit with "The words to say I love you" in 1983, released in the original soundtrack of the soup- opera "Pão pão beijo beijo". He has released many solo singles in English, German and Dutch.
  • 247.  Depending who you ask, Whitesnake singer David Coverdale is either almost single-handedly responsible for keeping bluesy hard rock alive in the British charts during the late ‘70s and early ‘80s, or is merely a Robert Plant clone who hit it big in the U.S. later in the ‘80s as an "MTV band" - - by merging familiar Led Zeppelin sounds with pop metal/power ballads, and sexed-up videos. Born on September 22, 1951, in the British town of Saltburn-on-Sea, Yorkshire, Coverdale was born into a family of avid music fans, which resulted in an early interest in the guitar, before switching over to vocals. He soon began fronting local rock outfits, including Denver Mule, the Government, Rivers Invitation, and the Fabulosa Brothers (from the late ‘60s through the early ‘70s). Looking for a new gig in 1973, Coverdale one day picked up the popular British music mag Melody Maker, and answered an ad for a group looking for a vocalist. Little did he know that the group in question was Deep Purple. Purple had become one of the worlds top hard rock/heavy metal bands by 1973 (thanks largely to their massive hit single "Smoke on the Water" and such classic albums as Machine Head and Made in Japan), but when singer Ian Gillan was ousted from the group, a vacancy developed. On the strength of his singing and songwriting talents, Coverdale was welcomed into the group immediately, resembling a true-life "rags to riches" story. The Coverdale-led version of Purple got off to a solid start with another hit album, 1974s Burn, but by the time of its follow-up (and second band release of the year), Stormbringer, cracks began to appear in the Purple armor. Guitarist/bandleader Ritchie Blackmores interest in the group began to wane around this time -- due to the other members desire to incorporate funk into their style -- resulting in his exit (Blackmore would go on to form the progressive metal outfit Rainbow).
  • 248.  Daniel "Dee" Snider (born March 15, 1955) is an American singer-songwriter, screenwriter, radio personality, and actor. Snider is most famous for his role as the frontman of the heavy metal band Twisted Sister. He was ranked 83 in the Hit Paraders Top 100 Metal Vocalist of All Time.[ Born in Astoria, Queens, Snider grew up in nearby Baldwin and graduated from Baldwin Senior High School in 1973.[2] His father, Bob, is a retired New York State Trooper and Nassau County court clerk while his mother, Marguerite, is a retired art teacher.[3] As a child he sang in a church choir, several school choruses, and Baldwin HS Concert Choir. He also was selected for the All State Chorus by singing.[4] While in eighth grade, Snider was in a Black Sabbath cover band.[5] In early 1976, Snider joined Twisted Sister and became the sole songwriter of the band thereafter. The group released their first studio album, Under the Blade, in September 1982 and developed a following in the UK. Less than a year later, Twisted Sister released their sophomore effort, You Cant Stop Rock n Roll. Their third album, Stay Hungry, hit shelves on May 10, 1984. This would become the bands most successful record with the hits "Were Not Gonna Take It" and "I Wanna Rock." To emphasize the "twisted sister" image, Snider adopted a trademark persona of metal-inspired drag with long blond hair, an excessive amount of eye shadow and rouge, and bright red lipstick. Dee Snider testifies before the US Senate, 1985 Testimony continued During the mid 1980s, before the premiere of Headbangers Ball, the first MTV program to consist entirely of heavy metal videos was Heavy Metal Mania. The first episode aired in June 1985 and was hosted by Dee Snider. It featured metal news, interviews with metal artists, and in-studio co-hosts. That same year in November, Twisted Sister released Come Out and Play which sold over 500,000 copies but was marred by a poor concert tour. In 1985, a Senate hearing was instigated by the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC), who wanted to introduce a parental warning system that would label all albums containing offensive material. The system was to include letters identifying the type of objectionable content to be found in each album (e.g. O for occult themes, S for sex, D for drugs, V for violence, etc.). Dee Snider, John Denver, and Frank Zappa all testified against censorship and the proposed warning system. Such a system was never implemented, but the result of the hearing brought about what is now the generic "Parental Advisory: Explicit Content" label. The PMRC was initially formed by the wives of Washington, D.C. power brokers Senator Al Gore (D-TN), and Secretary of State James Baker. Tipper Gore in particular became the face of the PMRC and a public foil for Snider in the hearings. Ironically, in the 2000 US Presidential Election cycle, Snider endorsed Vice President Gore for office. A fifth Twisted Sister album would be made in 1987s Love Is for Suckers. The record was originally planned to be a Dee Snider solo effort, but Atlantic Records encouraged a release under the Twisted Sister name. Touring lasted only into October that year and on the 12th of that month, Snider announced his departure from the band. It was during this time that Snider formed Desperado, a band featuring ex-Iron Maiden drummer Clive Burr, ex-Gillan guitarist Bernie Torme, and bassist Marc Russel.[6] The groups only album, Ace, has never been officially released but was heavily bootlegged on CD under the title Bloodied But Unbowed. In the 1990s, Snider formed Widowmaker with Joe Franco, a good friend to Twisted Sister and drummer on the Love Is for Suckers, as well as Al Pitrelli and Marc Russel. The quartet recorded two albums with limited underground success, titled Blood and Bullets and Stand By For Pain. In the late 1990s, Snider toured with a "self-tribute" band called Dee Sniders SMFs (Sick Mother Fuckers), sometimes featuring ex-Twisted Sister drummer A.J. Pero. The usual line up included Dee Snider, Derek Tailer, Charlie Mills, Keith Alexander, and Spike. In 1993, he composed the theme song for The Terrible Thunderlizards. In 1997, Dee Snider began hosting the House of Hair, a syndicated 1980s hard rock/heavy metal radio show that airs on over 200 radio stations across North America. It is syndicated by the United Stations Radio Networks. The shows format runs two hours and features Sniders closing catchphrase, "If it aint metal, its crap!" In 1998, Snider had penned a song entitled "The Magic of Christmas Day (God Bless Us Everyone)" which would be recorded in 1998 by Celine Dion for her album These Are Special Times. According to Snider, Dion at the time was not aware of who wrote the song. Later that year, he also wrote and starred in the horror film Strangeland. Snider has also penned the script to a sequel which has the working title of Strangeland: Disciple. As of January 2008, however, Snider was less than optimistic that it would ever see the light of day, saying in an interview with that he had reached a point where he should "put a sign on my website that says, Y’got ten million dollars? Give me a call. I’ve got the script ready to go, Robert Englund’s attached, I’m attached. If somebody’s serious and wants to make it, call me. But don’t call me ‘til you’re ready to hand the check over.” In May 2009, Dee Snider revealed on his radio show,"The House Of Hair," that Strangeland: Rising Sons will go ahead and is set to begin shooting in the fall of 2009 and is slated for a 2010 release. 1]
  • 249. Klaus Meine (born May 25, 1948, Hannover,Germany) is a German singer, best known asthe lead vocalist and occasional rhythmguitarist of the heavy metal band Scorpions.Besides guitarist Rudolf Schenker, he is theonly member of the group to appear on everyalbum, despite the fact that he did not joinuntil 1970.Meine is well-noted for his unique tenor voice, strong German accent and polished delivery which ranges from high notes to softballads.Meine writes most of the lyrics to Scorpions songs. He also shares the authorship of some lyrics with Herman Rarebell (formerdrummer of Scorpions) on some songs like the major hit "Rock You Like a Hurricane", among others. Meine composed somesongs alone like "Wind of Change" and "A Moment in a Million Years".[1]In 1981, after a world tour and during the recording of the Blackout album, Meine lost his voice so badly he could not even speakproperly. Meine was advised by his doctor to consider another profession because of his voice problems. However, Scorpionsstuck together and after therapy and 2 vocal cord surgeries, Meines voice recovered. Meine was ranked by Hit Parader as thetwenty-second greatest heavy metal vocalist of all time.[2]In 1990 Klaus performed in the "Live In Berlin" rendition of Roger Waters "The Wall." Klaus was a highlight singer during theperformance.In 2008, Dommenget released a Klaus Meine signature guitar that was given to him on his 60th birthday. On the Humanity WorldTour and the Get Your Sting And Blackout World Tour, Klaus has used this guitar when performing.[3]After 46 years together, Scorpions announced in January 2010 that they will retire after a final world tour.[4] In the year 2000 hewas awarded the city of Hanover plaque.[5]
  • 250.  Ronald James Padavona (July 10, 1942 – May 16, 2010), better known as Ronnie James Dio, was an American heavy metal vocalist and songwriter. He performed with, amongst others, Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, Heaven & Hell, and his own band Dio. Other musical projects include the collective fundraiser Hear n Aid. He was widely hailed as one of the most powerful singers in heavy metal,[1] renowned for his consistently powerful voice. He often ranks as one of the greatest rock vocalists of all time in various online polls and lists. He is credited with popularizing the "metal horns" hand gesture in metal culture. Prior to his death, he was collaborating on a project with former Black Sabbath bandmates Tony Iommi, Geezer Butler, and Vinny Appice, under the moniker Heaven & Hell, whose only studio album, The Devil You Know, was released on April 28, 2009.[2] Dio died of stomach cancer on May 16, 2010.[3][4] One of the last songs he recorded was titled "Metal Will Never Die".[5]
  • 251.  Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara (Gujarati: ), 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991) [2][3] was a British musician, singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist and lyricist of the rock band Queen. As a performer, he was known for his flamboyant stage persona and powerful vocals over a four-octave range.[4][5][6] As a songwriter, Mercury composed many hits for Queen, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Dont Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" and "We Are the Champions". In addition to his work with Queen, he led a solo career, and also occasionally served as a producer and guest musician (piano or vocals) for other artists. He died of bronchopneumonia brought on by AIDS on 24 November 1991, only one day after publicly acknowledging he had the disease. Mercury was a Parsi born in Zanzibar and grew up there and in India until his mid-teens. He has been referred to as "Britains first Asian rock star".[7] In 2002, Mercury was placed at number 58 in the BBCs poll of the 100 Greatest Britons, in 2006, Time Asia named him one of the most influential Asian heroes of the past 60 years,[8] and he continues to be voted one of the greatest singers in the history of popular music. In 2005, a poll organised by Blender and MTV2 saw Mercury voted the greatest male singer of all time.[9] In 2008, Rolling Stone editors ranked him number 18 on their list of the 100 greatest singers of all time.[6] In 2009, a Classic Rock poll saw him voted the greatest rock singer of all time.[10] Allmusic has characterised Mercury as "one of rocks greatest all-time entertainers", who possessed "one of the greatest voices in all of music".[11]
  • 252.  Stephen Ray "Steve" Perry[1] (born January 22, 1949) is an American singer and songwriter best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Journey during their most commercially successful periods from 1977–1987 and 1995–1998. Perry had a successful solo career between the mid 1980s and mid 1990s. Perrys singing has garnered acclaim from prominent musical peers and publications; he has been described as "The Voice", a moniker originally coined by Jon Bon Jovi.[2] He resides in Del Mar, California.[ In 1994, Perry released For the Love of Strange Medicine, his second solo effort. The album enjoyed some success, partly due to the Strange Medicine world tour. Journeys classic 1981–85 lineup reunited in 1996 to record Trial by Fire. The album was a huge success, entering the Billboard charts at #3 and going Platinum before years end, but its triumph was short-lived. Before the Trial By Fire tour could begin, Perry suffered a hip injury while hiking in Hawaii and was unable to perform. Perry was diagnosed with a degenerative bone condition and a hip replacement would be required. Reluctant to rush into surgery, Perry wished to postpone the tour. Due to the long wait between the albums release and the tours postponed kick-off date, as well as the absence of Journeys iconic frontman, Journey fans were losing hope for the bands future. Meanwhile, long-time Journey drummer Steve Smith resigned, reportedly saying "Journey without Steve Perry was like Jack without his box." (Smith had rejoined, along with original Journey member Ross Valory, to complete what Perry has referred to as the bands wedding band line-up.)[6] The remaining members waited until 1998, nearly 17 months after Perrys injury, before making a decision on Journeys future. Growing impatient and realizing the window of opportunity was closing to follow up the success of the Platinum-selling Trial By Fire LP with a world tour, Journey members Jonathan Cain and Neal Schon met with Perry and presented an ultimatum that he either undergo hip replacement surgery so the tour could proceed upon his recovery or a replacement singer would be hired.[6] Perry, still hesitant to undergo surgery and now apparently upset at his bandmates intractability and their perceived meddling in personal health decisions, decided to part ways with Journey. Perrys vocal duties were later taken over by Steve Augeri of Tall Stories, and nearly two years after the albums initial release, Journey began its long-postponed tour. While being interviewed during Journeys Revelation tour of 2008, Schon and Cain praised Perrys mighty presence in Journey, adding that Perry had "raised the bar" for Journey. Bassist Valory suggested Journey lead singers who sound like him do so in honor of Perrys legacy with Journey. Herbert had been given a demo of an Alien Project song, "If You Need Me, Call Me," and was told that the young singer would be a great replacement for current frontman, Robert Fleischman. Fleischman had never moved under Herberts management, preferring to maintain his previous manager and had never in fact integrated well with the bands then progressive rock style. Perry was brought on tour and to avoid alarming Fleischman was introduced clandestinely as roadie John Villanuevas Portuguese cousin and surreptitiously performed a song with Journey during a sound check in Long Beach while Fleischman was away from the stage and Herbert informed the band of the line-up change. Perry brought a completely new pop sound to the bands music, despite grumblings from his new bandmates and fans of Journeys former progressive rock sound. He made his public debut on October 28, 1977 in San Francisco, and received a mixed reception. Perry determinedly proved the critics wrong, and won over new audiences on his first album with the group, Infinity, which included a song of his own composition called "Lights." The bands style had changed dramatically, but as Journey began to garner radio airplay and media buzz over Infinity, Perrys arrival was accepted. He provided lead vocals on nine of Journeys albums: Infinity (1978), Evolution (1979), Departure (1980), Dream, After Dream (1980, a Japanese movie soundtrack), Captured (1980, a live album), Escape (1981, which went to #1 on the Billboard charts), Frontiers (1983), Raised on Radio (1986), and Trial By Fire (1996). The single "Open Arms," from Escape, was their biggest hit single, residing for six weeks at #2 on the Billboard Hot 100. Perry had become the unmistakable voice of Journey throughout his time with the band. During his tenure with Journey, Perry sang backing vocals on several Sammy Hagar songs, including the 1980 track "Run For Your Life," and duetting with Kenny Loggins on the 1982 #17 hit single "Dont Fight It." Perry also worked with other musicians such as Sheena Easton, Clannad and Jon Bon Jovi during the height of his career. A 1983 Gallop poll of people between the ages of 13-25 voted Journey their favorite rock band. In 1984, following the release of Frontiers and the tour supporting this effort, Perry released his first solo album, entitled Street Talk, named after the original name of Perrys earlier band Alien Project. The record sold more than 2 million units, scoring the hit singles #3 "Oh Sherrie," written for his then-girlfriend Sherrie Swafford, and #18 "Foolish Heart." The music video for "Oh Sherrie" saw heavy rotation on MTV. "Shes Mine" and "Strung Out" were also released as singles from this project, which featured former Alien Project drummer Craig Krampf on a few tracks, guitarist Michael Landau, and future American Idol judge Randy Jackson on bass, amongst others. In 1985, Perry was one of 21 singers in the USA for Africa all-star benefit song "We Are the World." He also recorded a song, "If Only For the Moment, Girl" for the We Are the World album. This song was added to the reissue of his album Street Talk. It was during this period also that Perry worked with the Irish folk-rock group Clannad on their 1987 album Sirius. Perry debated continuing a solo career or returning to Journey after the success of Street Talk. He left his second solo album Against the Wall unfinished and instead sang on Journeys Raised on Radio album. Perry would revisit his solo project after the Raised On Radio tour but it never saw completion. Several of the songs that were recorded for Against the Wall, however, did appear much later on Perrys 1998 solo compilation, Greatest Hits + Five Unreleased. While Perry was re-uniting with Journey, his mother became ill. The recording of Raised on Radio, which Perry was producing, was stop-and-go as he frequently returned to the San Joaquin valley to visit his mother, who died during the production of Raised on Radio. It took a major toll on Journey to have intermittent recording sessions and a vocalist who was not with the band much of the time. Eventually, as Perry later said, he was "toasted". Journey disbanded in 1987 after the Raised on Radio tour. Perry then disappeared from the public eye for seven years, taking a break from the music industry. 3]
  • 253.  Lou Gramm (born Louis Andrew Grammatico; May 2, 1950) is an American rock vocalist and songwriter best known for his role as the lead vocalist and co-writer of many of the songs for the rock band Foreigner. He also had a successful solo career. Gramm was the vocalist for many top-40 hits including "Cold as Ice", "Waiting for a Girl Like You", "I Want to Know What Love Is" and his solo hit "Midnight Blue". Most recently, the Lou Gramm Band has released a self-titled Christian rock album in 2009.
  • 254.  Bret Michaels (born Bret Michael Sychak, March 15, 1963) is an American musician, actor, director, screenwriter, producer and reality television personality. He first gained fame as the lead vocalist of the glam metal band Poison. Besides his career as lead singer, he has several solo albums to his credit, as well as one chart single. He appeared in the VH1 reality show Rock of Love with Bret Michaels and its sequels, and as a judge on the talent show Nashville Star. He was the winning contestant on NBCs reality show Celebrity Apprentice 3.
  • 255.  Ozzy" and "John Osbourne" redirect here. For similar names, see Ozzie (disambiguation), John Osborn (disambiguation) and John Osborne (disambiguation). Ozzy Osbourne Osbourne in 2010.Background informationBirth nameJohn Michael OsbourneBorn(1948-12-03) 3 December 1948 (age 63) Aston, Birmingham, EnglandGenresHeavy metal, blues rock, hard rockOccupationsMusician, songwriterInstrumentsvocals, harmonica, synthesizerYears active1968–presentLabelsEpic, CBS, JetAssociated actsBlack Sabbath, Kelly Osbourne, Black Label Society, Alice Cooper, Iommi, Rob Zombie, Slash, FirewindWebsiteozzy.comJohn Michael "Ozzy" Osbourne (born 3 December 1948) is an English heavy metal vocalist and songwriter, whose musical career has spanned over 40 years. Osbourne rose to prominence as lead singer of the pioneering English band Black Sabbath, whose dark and hard sound helped spawn the heavy metal genre. Due to Sabbaths dark style, Osbourne became known as the "Prince of Darkness".[1] Osbourne is also known as the "Godfather of Heavy Metal".[2] In the early 2000s, Osbournes career expanded when he became a star in his own reality show The Osbournes, alongside wife/manager Sharon and two of their three children, Kelly and Jack. A documentary about his life and career, God Bless Ozzy Osbourne, premiered in April 2011 at the Tribeca Film Festival and was released on DVD in November 2011.[3] Osbourne has achieved multi-platinum status as a solo artist and with Black Sabbath and has sold over 100 million albums worldwide.[4][5]
  • 256.  Paul Bruce Dickinson (born 7 August 1958) is an English singer, songwriter, airline pilot, fencer, broadcaster, author, screenwriter, actor and former marketing director, best known as the lead vocalist of the heavy metal band Iron Maiden. Dickinson began his career in music fronting small pub bands at school and University, including Styx (not the American band of the same name) in 1976, Speed, (1977–1978), and Shots in early 1979. He then joined the band Samson later in 1979, where he gained some popularity under the stage name, "Bruce Bruce." He left Samson in 1981 to join Iron Maiden as their new vocalist, replacing Paul DiAnno, and debuting on their 1982 album The Number of the Beast.[1] During his first tenure in the band, they issued a series of high impact releases,[2] resulting in Dickinson gaining worldwide fame, and becoming one of the most acclaimed heavy metal vocalists of all time. Dickinson quit Iron Maiden in 1993 in order to pursue his solo career, being replaced by Blaze Bayley, which saw him experiment with a wide variety of heavy metal and rock styles. Dickinson rejoined Iron Maiden in 1999 along with guitarist Adrian Smith, and with whom they have gone on to release four further studio albums. Since then, Dickinson has only released one more solo record, Tyranny of Souls. He is the older cousin of Rob Dickinson, former lead singer of British alternative rock band Catherine Wheel.[3] His son, Austin, is the lead singer in metalcore band Rise to Remain.[4] On 19 July 2011, Dickinson was presented with an honorary music doctorate from Queen Mary College, in honour of his contribution to the music industry. Paul Bruce Dickinson was born in the small mining town of Worksop, Nottinghamshire.[6] His mother Sonia worked part-time in a shoe shop and his father Bruce was a mechanic in the army.[6] Dickinsons birth hurried the young couple, then just teenagers, into marriage.[6] Initially, he was brought up by his grandparents; his grandfather was a coal-face worker at the local colliery and his grandmother was a housewife.[6] This is referred to in his song "Born In 58" from the album Tattooed Millionaire.[7] Dickinson started school at Manton Primary in Worksop while his parents moved away to Sheffield.[6] Soon afterwards, when he was six, he was also despatched to Sheffield,[8] where he attended "a notoriously tough local primary school" called Manor Top. [9] After six months, his parents decided to move him to a small private school called Sharrow Vale Junior.[9] Of this period he recalls, "Im sort of quite grateful for the fact that I didnt have what you would think of as a conventionally sort of happy, uncomplicated childhood. It made me very self- reliant. I grew up in an environment where it struck me that the world was never gonna do you any favours ... And I had very few close friends, because ... I never really met anybody for that long. I was always moving."[10] Dickinson has a younger sister named Helena who was born in 1963.[11][12] He tried to isolate himself from her as much as he could when he was young, supposedly out of spite because she, unlike him, was a planned pregnancy and birth. [13] Dickinsons first musical experience was dancing in his grandparents front room to Chubby Checkers "The Twist," back when he still lived with them in Worksop.[14] The first record Dickinson recalls owning was The Beatles single "She Loves You," which he managed to persuade his grandfather to buy him. [14] From then on, he became more interested in music, saying "I remember thinking I liked the B-side better than the A-side, and thats when I started listening to music and deciding what I liked and what I didnt like."[14] He tried to play an acoustic guitar belonging to his father, but it blistered his fingers. [9] By the time he moved to Sheffield, Dickinsons parents were earning a good living from buying property, refurbishing it and then selling it for a profit.[11] As a result, a lot of Dickinsons childhood was spent living on a building site, until his parents bought a boarding house and a bankrupt garage where his father began selling second-hand cars.[9] The income from their business success gave them the opportunity to give Dickinson—then 13 years old—a boarding school education and they chose Oundle, a public school in Northamptonshire.[9] Dickinson was not opposed to moving away from home, as "I didnt particularly enjoy being with my parents, so I saw it as an escape ... I think it was because I hadnt built any real attachment to them when I was very, very young."[9] At Oundle, however, Dickinson was picked on and routinely bullied by the older boys of Sidney House, the boarding house that he belonged to,[15] which he described as "like systematic torture" and meant that he became "aware that I was this outsider."[13] His interests at Oundle were often military; he co-founded the school wargames society with Mike Jordan, and he rose to a position of some power in the schools cadet force, [15] with which he was allowed to handle live ammunition, which he used to create explosions as booby- traps.[16] Oundle was where Dickinson became attracted to heavy rock, after hearing Deep Purples "Child In Time" being played in another students room.[16] As a result, the first album he ever bought was Deep Purples In Rock, "all scratched to fuck but I thought it was great, and thats what started me off on buying albums and getting into rock music."[17] After In Rock, he went on to buy Black Sabbaths debut, Jethro Tulls Aqualung and Tarkus by Emerson, Lake & Palmer.[17] Every term, a band would play at the school, the first of whom Dickinson would see was called Wild Turkey, featuring former Jethro Tull bassist Glenn Cornick.[17] After that, he saw Van der Graaf Generator and Arthur Brown.[17] Dickinson initially wanted to play the drums,[17] later obtaining a pair of bongo drums from the music room and practised.[18] He remembers playing "Let It Be" with his friend Mike Jordan, during which Dickinson discovered his singing voice while encouraging Jordan to sing the high-notes.[18] Shortly afterwards, however, Dickinson was expelled from Oundle for urinating in the headmasters dinner.[18] Returning home to Sheffield in 1976, Dickinson enrolled at a local comprehensive school, at which he joined his first band.[19] He had overheard two other pupils talking about their band and that they needed a singer and so volunteered immediately.[19] They rehearsed in the drummers fathers garage and the band were impressed by Dickinsons singing, encouraging him to buy his first microphone.[19] Their first gig took place at the Broadfield Tavern in Sheffield.[19] Originally called "Paradox," the band changed their name upon Dickinsons suggestion to "Styx", unaware of the American act with the same name.[20] They made local newspaper headlines when a steel worker was awoken by their performance and tried to smash the bands drumkit.[21] Soon after, the band split up.[20] [5]
  • 257.  Ian Gillan (born 19 August 1945 in Hounslow, London) is an English rock music vocalist and songwriter, best known as the lead singer and lyricist for Deep Purple.[1] During his career Gillan also fronted his own band, had a year-long stint as the vocalist for Black Sabbath, and sang the role of Jesus in the original recording of Andrew Lloyd Webbers rock opera Jesus Christ Superstar. In his prime, Gillan was known for his wide vocal range - particularly the high pitched screams evidenced in the song "Child In Time". After Deep Purple members Jon Lord and Ritchie Blackmore saw one of his lead vocal performances with Episode Six, they approached him to replace Rod Evans in Deep Purple. Gillan was a member of Deep Purple from 1969 through to 1973, appearing on such now-classic Deep Purple albums as In Rock, Fireball, Machine Head, Made In Japan and Who Do We Think We Are. He had initially joined the band for its 1969 Concerto for Group and Orchestra, a one-off show with Englands Royal Philharmonic Orchestra that was made into an album. During these years, he also was the voice of Jesus on the original 1970 album recording of Jesus Christ Superstar. He was offered the lead role in the 1973 film adaptation. Ian demanded to be paid not only for his role in the movie but insisted, without the consent of his manager, that the entire band be paid because filming would conflict with a scheduled tour. The producers declined and Ian continued on in the band.[3] Citing exhaustion and a poor working relationship with the band, particularly Blackmore, Gillan left Deep Purple in the summer of 1973, being replaced by David Coverdale.[4]
  • 258.  Joe Lynn Turner (August 2, 1951), is an American singer, known for his works with hard rock band Rainbow.[1] During his career, Turner fronted pop rock band Fandango, had the short-lived collaboration as the vocalist for Yngwie Malmsteens Rising Force and Deep Purple. From the late 1990s, he continued to perform in a large number of solo albums and other studio projects. He played the accordion as a child, grew up with an appreciation for classic R&B and became an accomplished guitarist in his early teens. Born Joseph Arthur Mark Linquito to an Italian family, in high school, Joe formed Ezra, performing original material and cover songs by such artists as Jimi Hendrix, Free, Queen, and Deep Purple. In 1976, Turner enjoyed his first taste of national success with Fandango, a band described as an eclectic mix of R&B, pop, country, jazz and melodic rock. He sang and played guitar on all of the bands four albums. Fandango toured with numerous artists including The Allman Brothers, The Marshall Tucker Band, The Beach Boys and Billy Joel. After Fandango split, He received a phone call from guitarist Ritchie Blackmore. This resulted in an audition and Blackmore was so impressed that he immediately enlisted Joe in Rainbow. Rainbow, while popular in Europe and Japan, had not reached the same level of success in the US before Turner joined. With his contributions (largely considered more rock oriented), the group was catapulted to a new level of American success. Several tracks from albums with Turner reached the Top 20 on rock radio charts in the early- to mid-80s. "Stone Cold" became Rainbows first Top 40 hit and the bands videos were played on heavy rotation on MTV. Turner recorded three studio albums with Rainbow: Difficult to Cure, Straight Between the Eyes, and Bent Out of Shape, which featured the single "Street of Dreams". Rainbow disbanded in 1984. In 1985, after the break-up of Rainbow, Turner released a solo album, Rescue You, produced by Roy Thomas Baker, known for his work with Queen and The Cars. He co-wrote most of the songs with keyboardist Al Greenwood (Foreigner). The first single, "Endlessly," received extensive airplay on radio and MTV. Tours with Night Ranger and Pat Benatar and an acting role in the movie Blue Deville followed. In 1987 Turner also supplied backing vocals to the Michael Bolton album The Hunger. He appeared on the tracks Hot Love and Gina. In 1988, he joined Yngwie Malmsteens Rising Force and recorded the album Odyssey. The brief tour that followed the release of the album included a concert in Leningrad which was recorded and then released as Trial by Fire (1989). In 1989 he left the band to join Deep Purple by replacing Ian Gillan, making him their fourth singer. Turner recorded just one album, Slaves & Masters (1990). The album peaked at #87 on the Billboard Charts, and a relatively successful tour followed in 1991. But Turner was removed from the band in late 1992. Turner has been working mainly on his prolific solo career since mid-1990 and has worked with the Finnish rock band Brazen Abbot by Bulgarian guitarist Nikolo Kotzev and with Glenn Hughes under the "Hughes Turner Project" name. Turner also participated in Nikolo Kotzevs rock opera Nikolo Kotzevs Nostradamus. He has also put out 3 albums under the band name Mothers Army featuring Jeff Watson, Bob Daisley and Carmine Appice. In 2005 Turner has performed on the Russian studio project Michael Men Projects album Made in Moscow, along with his colleague Glenn Hughes. In 2006 he took on very successful studio project Sunstorm with bassist Dennis Ward of German rock band Pink Cream 69. Turner was a guest in the Voices of Classic Rock shows. Turner also appeared as a headliner with AC/DC frontman Brian Johnson on the Classic Rock Cares charity tour which was organized by long time friend Steve Luongo who was the drummer/producer of The John Entwistle Band. In 2008 he has formed Over the Rainbow, a tribute band composed of former Rainbow musicians, Paul Morris-Keyboardist/94-97, and Ritchie Blackmores son Jürgen R. Blackmore on guitar. He is currently a member of the touring band "Big Noize" featuring alongside guitarist Carlos Cavazo, bassist Phil Soussan, and drummer Vinny Appice. Turner recently joined Norwegian group "The Jan Holberg Project", will release their new album Sense of Time in 2011.
  • 259.  Jack Martin Blades (born April 24, 1954) is an American musician.[1] He has worked in several bands: Rubicon, Night Ranger (as bassist and one of the lead vocalists), and Damn Yankees (as one of the founding members). He also recorded with Tommy Shaw under the name Shaw/Blades, and has done work alongside TMG, the Tak Matsumoto Group. His most recent efforts include a second solo CD, and Shaw/Blades is in the process of recording ‘’Influence II’’. Jack has released one self-titled solo CD and a second one is on its way. He has written or co-written songs for Aerosmith, Cher, Ozzy Osbourne, Alice Cooper, Roger Daltrey, and many more artists. Jack has also produced or co-produced CDs for Night Ranger, Shaw/Blades and for several other artists including Great White, Ted Nugent, and Samantha 7, among others. Blades appears on Mötley Crües Dr. Feelgood album, which was released in 1989. In the 1990s, Jack co-wrote four Aerosmith songs with Steven Tyler, Joe Perry, and Tommy Shaw: "Shut Up and Dance" (1993), "Cant Stop Messin" (1993), "Walk on Water" (1994), "What Kind of Love Are You On" (1998). In 1998 Jack was asked by Ringo Starr to be play bass in Ringo Starr VH1 Storytellers with Joe Walsh and Simon Kirke. In 2006 Jack played the role of an 80’s Sunset Strip club owner in the Las Vegas version of the Broadway musical show “Rock Of Ages.” [edit] Rubicon
  • 260.  David Lee Roth (born October 10, 1954)[1] is an American rock vocalist, songwriter, actor, author, and former radio personality. Roth is one of few vocalists with a larger than 4 octave range in full voice (from G1 to G♯5).[2] Roth is best known as the original and current lead singer of the Southern California-based hard rock outfit Van Halen. After departing Van Halen in 1985 Roth first enjoyed a successful career as a solo artist, which originated while still a member of that band and yielded several RIAA-certified Gold and Platinum records.[3] After more than two decades apart, Roth rejoined Van Halen in 2006 for a North American tour that became the most successful in the bands history[4] and one of the highest grossing of that year.[5] Roth has remained the lead singer of Van Halen since his 2006 return and has recently completed recording new material with the band for their first album together since 1984.[6]
  • 261.  Sam Roy "Sammy" Hagar (born October 13, 1947),[1] also known as The Red Rocker,[2] is a rock vocalist, guitarist, songwriter and musician. Hagar came to prominence in the 1970s with the hard rock band Montrose. He afterwards launched a successful solo career, scoring an enduring hit in 1984 with "I Cant Drive 55". From 1985 to 1996, and 2003 to 2005, Hagar was the singer for Van Halen. On March 12, 2007, Hagar was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Van Halen. Outside of music, he founded the Cabo Wabo Tequila brand and restaurant chain, as well as Sammys Beach Bar Rum[3]. He currently resides in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, and also has a residence in Mill Valley, California. His present musical project is as lead singer of Chickenfoot.
  • 262.  Robert John Arthur "Rob" Halford (born 25 August 1951) is an English singer-songwriter, who is best known as the lead vocalist for the Grammy Award-winning heavy metal band Judas Priest. He is considered one of the most consistently powerful singers in rock,[1] possessing a wide vocal range, and is particularly known for his high-pitched, operatic, soaring screams. His vocal range spans nearly four octaves from C2 (which can be heard in "The Mower) to A5 (which can be heard in the title track to the Ram it Down album). In addition to his work with Judas Priest, he has been involved with several side projects, including Fight, 2wo and Halford. He is credited as the first openly gay heavy metal star, having come out in 1998. Halford was born in Sutton Coldfield, but raised in Walsall, which was then a part of Staffordshire [2] a town to the northwest of Birmingham, in Englands modern day West Midlands. He sang for numerous bands including Athens Wood, Lord Lucifer, Abraxas, Thark and Hiroshima. [edit] Judas Priest Halford was introduced to co-founding Judas Priest member Ian Hill by his sister who was dating Hill at the time.[3] Halford, a former cinema manager, joined the band as singer, bringing with him drummer John Hinch from his previous band, Hiroshima. In August 1974, the band debuted with the single "Rocka Rolla", before releasing an album of the same name a month later. The next albums were Sad Wings of Destiny (1976), which included a variety of old material; 1977s Sin After Sin; and 1978s Stained Class and Killing Machine (released in America as Hell Bent for Leather), and 1979s live Unleashed in the East.
  • 263.  Sir Michael Philip "Mick" Jagger, (born 26 July 1943) is an English musician, singer, and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist and a founder member of The Rolling Stones. Jaggers career has spanned over fifty years. His performance style has been said to have "opened up definitions of gendered masculinity and so laid the foundations for self-invention and sexual plasticity which are now an integral part of contemporary youth culture".[1] Allmusic has described Jagger as "one of the most popular and influential frontmen in the history of rock & roll".[2] His distinctive voice and performance, along with Keith Richards guitar style, have been the trademark of The Rolling Stones throughout the career of the band. In 1989, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with The Rolling Stones. Jagger gained much press notoriety for admitted drug use and romantic involvements, and was often portrayed as a counterculture figure. In the late 1960s Jagger began acting in films (starting with Performance and Ned Kelly), to mixed reception. In 1985, Jagger released his first solo album, Shes the Boss, and was knighted in 2003. In early 2009, he joined the eclectic supergroup SuperHeavy. Jagger was born into a middle class family from Livingstone Hospital, in Dartford, Kent, England.[3] His father, Basil Fanshawe ("Joe") Jagger (13 April 1913 – 11 November 2006), and his grandfather David Ernest Jagger were both teachers. His mother, Eva Ensley Mary (née Scutts; 6 April 1913 – 18 May 2000), born in New South Wales, Australia,[4][5] was a hairdresser[6] and an active member of the Conservative Party. Jagger is the elder of two sons (his brother Chris Jagger was born on 19 December 1947)[7] and was raised to follow in his fathers career path. In the book According to the Rolling Stones, Jagger states "I was always a singer. I always sang as a child. I was one of those kids who just liked to sing. Some kids sing in choirs; others like to show off in front of the mirror. I was in the church choir and I also loved listening to singers on the radio – the BBC or Radio Luxembourg – or watching them on TV and in the movies."[8] From September 1950, Keith Richards and Jagger (known as "Mike" to his friends) were classmates at Wentworth Primary School in Dartford, Kent. In 1954, Jagger passed the eleven-plus, and went to Dartford Grammar School, where there is now the Mick Jagger Centre, as part of the school. Having lost contact with each other when they went to different schools, Richards and Jagger resumed their friendship in July 1960 after a chance encounter and discovered that they had both developed a love for rhythm and blues music, which began for Jagger with Little Richard.[9] Jagger left school in 1961. He obtained seven O-levels and three A-levels. Jagger and Richards moved into a flat in Edith Grove in Chelsea with a guitarist they had encountered named Brian Jones. While Richards and Jones were making plans to start their own rhythm and blues group, Jagger continued his business courses at the London School of Economics,[10] and had seriously considered becoming either a journalist or a politician. Jagger had compared the latter to a pop star.[11][12]
  • 264.  Lawrence Gowan (born November 22, 1956) is a Scottish-born Canadian musician. Gowan has been both a solo artist and the current lead vocalist and keyboardist of the band Styx, since May 1999. His musical style is usually classified in the category of progressive rock. At the age of 19, he earned an ARCT in classical piano performance from the Royal Conservatory of Music, in Toronto, Ontario. Upon graduation, he enjoyed modest local success with the band Rhinegold in 1976. After the band broke up five years later, Gowan began what was to become a successful solo career under the stage name Gowan, releasing his first album under that name in 1982, which was produced by Rob Freeman and featured Kim Mitchell of Max Webster on guitar. This album contained the singles "Victory", "Give In" and "Keep Up the Fight". His 1985 album Strange Animal was his commercial breakthrough in Canada, produced by British producer David Tickle and featuring a more theatrical Gowan, backed by Peter Gabriels rhythm section players Tony Levin and Jerry Marotta. The album spawned the hit singles "A Criminal Mind", "(Youre a) Strange Animal", "Guerilla Soldier" and "Cosmetics". His 1987 follow up Great Dirty World gave him another hit single with "Moonlight Desires," featuring Jon Anderson (from Yes) on backing vocals as well as the fan favourite "Dedication". Lawrence Gowan in 2006 at a Styx show. 1990s Lost Brotherhood had a harder rock sound, and featured such players as Red Rider member Ken Greer, ex Coney Hatch guitarist Steve Shelski and Rushs Alex Lifeson. It produced the singles "Lost Brotherhood", "All the Lovers in the World", and "Out of a Deeper Hunger". This was Gowans first album for Anthem Records and his first US release. He released the more acoustic, adult contemporary ...but you can call me Larry in 1993 under his full name, returning to the Canadian pop charts with "When Theres Time for Love", "Souls Road" and "Dancing on My Own Ground". He subsequently released The Good Catches Up in 1995, which featured the single "Guns and God", which received moderate airplay in Canada. Also that same year, Gowan was part of an all-star lineup at Torontos Massey Hall to celebrate Ronnie Hawkins 60th birthday, as documented on the album Let It Rock, sharing the stage with veteran rockers Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and The Band. In 1997, Gowan released two live CDs: Sololive - No Kilt Tonight containing a rendition of Ragtimes classic "King Chanticleer Rag", and Au Québec with a cover of Harmoniums "Pour un instant" as well as his first composition in French, "Stéphanie", for his fan base in Quebec. In 1997, Gowan released "Healing Waters" as a tribute to Diana, Princess of Wales after her death. "Healing Waters" was officially an unreleased song from Gowan, though it was used in its original form, in the 1995 Jeff Wincott movie, When the Bullet Hits the Bone. His song "A Criminal Mind" was covered in 2005 by Canadian hip-hop artist Maestro; Gowan appears in the video and his vocals are sampled on the track. The song was also sampled in a song performed by Akon and Freck Billionaire. He also guest-starred on the Canadian animated comedy series Chilly Beach. In February 2006, Gowan did four orchestra-accompanied concerts in London, Ontario and Kitchener, Ontario. Also in 2006, his home was featured on MTVs Cribs. In March 2010, Gowan released "Return of the Strange Animal", a remastered version of 1985s "Strange Animal" plus a making-of documentary and music videos on DVD.[1] In May 2010, Gowan performed two solo shows in support of the 25th anniversary of the "Strange Animal" album. According to new photos on his official Facebook page, he is currently recording a new solo album in New York State.