Week 15 Lecture, 20th Century


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Week 15 Lecture, 20th Century

  1. 1. Contemporary Issues 1990 - 2003
  2. 2. 1990 - 2003: Art Reflects on its History <ul><li>Intentional historicism </li></ul><ul><li>Return to traditional art forms </li></ul><ul><li>Revisionist approach (identity politics, questioning tenets of modernism) </li></ul>Sir Godfrey Kneller, Portrait of Major General Joseph Sabine , ca. 1700 Yinka Shonibare Untitled 1997
  3. 3. Term Presentation Pastiche
  4. 4. Race and its Representation <ul><li>Shifting notions of the politics of identity </li></ul><ul><li>From essentialist and positive notions of identity (blackness, femininity, etc) to identity as a social construction </li></ul><ul><li>Complicates identity so that it cannot be easily categorized or stereotyped </li></ul><ul><li>Uses critique of documentary forms of racial representation, personal testimonies, ambiguous narratives, past art forms </li></ul><ul><li>Photo-conceptualism </li></ul>Adrian Piper, from The Mythic Being series 1972-76
  5. 5. Portraits of Family Life Carrie Mae Weems, from the Kitchen Table Series , 1990 http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =pPDInpNoO50
  6. 6. Portraits of Community Roy DeCarava, from The Sweet Flypaper of Life , 1955
  7. 7. Subversive Beauty: Troubling Typologies of Black Identity Lorna Simpson, Waterbearer , 1986 Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Jug , 1665 Ellen Gallagher, Mr. Terrific from the DeLuxe series, 2005
  8. 8. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =Nu8a7E4fhig Dave Chappelle, Tyrone Biggums: Red Balls
  9. 9. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Kara Walker, Camptown Ladies, 1998
  10. 10. <ul><li>Black-paper cutout silhouettes & projections on white gallery and museum walls </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by fantasies of ante-Bellum South </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme caricatures of Black slaves & slave-owners </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts graphic subjects (sex, violence) </li></ul><ul><li>Revision of older art forms, the silhouette & the cyclorama </li></ul>The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Kara Walker, Camptown Ladies, 1998 http://video.pbs.org/video/1237715781/ Silhouette of George And Martha Washington
  11. 11. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Gettysburg Cyclorama
  12. 12. Term Presentation The Abject
  13. 13. Disegno (Drawing) vs. Colorito (Color) Michelangelo, Madonna and Child Giorgione, The Tempest
  14. 14. The Odalisque: Challenging Disegno Ingres Delacroix Renoir Matisse
  15. 15. The Matrix (grid): Abstracting the Object The Grapheme: Abstracting the Subject Drawing in the 20 th Century Erasure: Abstracting Time Mondrian Pollock Kentridge
  16. 16. Drawing & Time: From Deskilling to Re-skilling <ul><li>Short film of animated charcoal drawings using erasure and stop-shoot technique </li></ul><ul><li>Felix in Exile (1994) one of many “drawings for projection” </li></ul><ul><li>Recurring characters & love triangle among Soho Ekstein (a mine-owner/capitalist), Felix Teitelbaum (an artist/self-portrait?), Mrs. Ekstein (wife of Ekstein) </li></ul><ul><li>Setting is Paris hotel room, Felix gazing into mirror at Nandi, a South African surveyor, looking back at him </li></ul><ul><li>The gaze </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid ended in 1994 </li></ul>William Kentridge, from Felix in Exile , 1994
  17. 17. William Kentridge Felix in Exile 1994 http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =pk5tPkqQoL0
  18. 18. Term Presentation Palimpsest
  19. 19. Palimpsest <ul><li>Linear overlay of forms </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient process </li></ul><ul><li>Allegory of memory, time, history </li></ul><ul><li>Kentridge’s work a meditation on the fate of handicraft? </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing as obsolete among new technologies </li></ul>Ruffignac cave drawings ca. 14,000 BCE Robert Rauschenberg Erased de Kooning 1953
  20. 20. New Media <ul><li>Minimalism & the “expanded field” </li></ul><ul><li>Extended into film and video installations </li></ul><ul><li>Made possible by technological advances in ’80s (projectors, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on viewer’s perception of the work in context (spectatorship), ultimately subjective </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects back on the viewer’s own body (sensations) immersed in a image-sound space </li></ul><ul><li>In many cases, activating (through movement and sound) traditional art & its subject matter (ecstasy, conversion) </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual & religious meanings suggested by Viola’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Uses elements (fire, water) as allegories of transformation </li></ul>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =fHqhaH6m9pY Bill Viola, The Crossing , 1996 http:// video.google.com/videoplay?docid =-4498864086957786589# Viola, Reflecting Pool , 1977-79
  21. 21. Term Presentation The Sublime http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =I1jkoMfPa40 Douglas Gordon, 24 Hour Psycho (clip)
  22. 22. Pictorial Photography Henry Peach Robinson, Fading Away , 1858, Albumen print
  23. 23. <ul><li>Digital manipulation of photograph recalls mid-19 th century pictorial photography </li></ul><ul><li>Large color transparencies set in light boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Shift away from documentary photography </li></ul><ul><li>Questions the veracity of the image </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in pictorial composition, size & narrative aligns it with the history of figurative painting </li></ul><ul><li>To restore or make whole again the fractured image (broken up in collage, photomontage) in avant-garde art by returning to birth of avant-garde (Manet) & photography (mid-19 th century) </li></ul><ul><li>Shows homeless native Canadians in home town of Vancouver </li></ul>The Photographer of Modern Life Jeff Wall, Storyteller , 1986 Manet, Luncheon on the Grass 1863 “ a transgression against the institution of transgression” – Wall
  24. 24. Art of the 21 st Century