Lecture, 1990 2010

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  • Continuing AIDS Crisis, debates over welfare and increasing poverty, the two-term Presidency of Bill Clinton, the politics of identity (debates about affirmative action, etc), global economies, NAFTA, information superhighway (digital communications and the internet)
  • Collaboration between DeCarava and poet Langston Hughes. Positive portrait of Harlem Life.

Transcript

  • 1. Damian Hirst, For the Love of God, 2007 Contemporary Issues 1990 - 2010
  • 2. Historical Revisionism & Traditional Art Forms Yinka Shonibare Untitled 1997 • • • Intentional historicism Return to traditional art forms Revisionist approach (identity politics, questioning tenets of modernism) Sir Godfrey Kneller, Portrait of Major General Joseph Sabine, ca. 1700
  • 3. Institutional Critique & Art as Ethnography Fred Wilson, Mining the Museum, 1992, Museum of Contemporary Art, Baltimore Renee Green, Seen, 1990, installation
  • 4. Regression and Abjection Kiki Smith, Blood Pool, 1992, painted bronze Paul McCarthy, Tomato Heads, 1994
  • 5. Race and its Representation • • • • • Shifting notions of the politics of identity From essentialist and positive notions of identity (blackness, femininity, etc) to identity as a social construction Complicates identity so that it cannot be easily categorized or stereotyped Uses critique of documentary forms of racial representation, personal testimonies, ambiguous narratives, past art forms Photo-conceptualism Adrian Piper, from The Mythic Being series 1972-76
  • 6. Portraits of Family Life Carrie Mae Weems, from the Kitchen Table Series, 1990 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pPDInpNoO50
  • 7. Portraits of Community Roy DeCarava, from The Sweet Flypaper of Life, 1955
  • 8. Subversive Beauty: Troubling Typologies of Black Identity Lorna Simpson, Waterbearer, 1986 Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Jug, 1665 Ellen Gallagher, Mr. Terrific from the DeLuxe series, 2005
  • 9. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Dave Chappelle, Racial Stereotype Pixies http://www.milkandcookies.com/link/48511/detail/
  • 10. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Kara Walker, Camptown Ladies, 1998
  • 11. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque • • • • • Black-paper cutout silhouettes & projections on white gallery and museum walls Inspired by fantasies of anteBellum South Extreme caricatures of Black slaves & slave-owners Depicts graphic subjects (sex, violence) Revision of older art forms, the silhouette & the cyclorama http://video.pbs.org/video/1237715781/ Silhouette of George And Martha Washington Kara Walker, Camptown Ladies, 1998
  • 12. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Gettysburg Cyclorama
  • 13. Disegno (Drawing) vs. Colorito (Color) Michelangelo, Madonna and Child Giorgione, The Tempest
  • 14. The Odalisque: Challenging Disegno Ingres Delacroix Matisse Renoir
  • 15. Drawing in the 20th Century The Matrix (grid): Abstracting the Object Mondrian Pollock The Grapheme: Abstracting the Subject Erasure: Abstracting Time Kentridge
  • 16. Drawing & Time: From Deskilling to Re-skilling • • • • • • Short film of animated charcoal drawings using erasure and stop-shoot technique Felix in Exile (1994) one of many “drawings for projection” Recurring characters & love triangle among Soho Ekstein (a mineowner/capitalist), Felix Teitelbaum (an artist/self-portrait?), Mrs. Ekstein (wife of Ekstein) Setting is Paris hotel room, Felix gazing into mirror at Nandi, a South African surveyor, looking back at him The gaze Apartheid ended in 1994 William Kentridge, from Felix in Exile, 1994
  • 17. William Kentridge, from Felix in Exile, 1994
  • 18. William Kentridge Felix in Exile 1994 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaTnchoukdY
  • 19. Palimpsest • • • • • Linear overlay of forms Ancient process Allegory of memory, time, history Kentridge’s work a meditation on the fate of handicraft? Drawing as obsolete among new technologies Ruffignac cave drawings ca. 14,000 BCE Robert Rauschenberg Erased de Kooning 1953
  • 20. Pictorial Photography Getrude Kasebier, The Sketch, ca. 1903
  • 21. Pictorial Photography Sam Taylor-Wood Soliloquy I, 1998 c-type color print Henry Wallis The Death of Chatterton ca. 1856 Luca Signorelli Lamentation Over the Dead Christ ca. 1502 predella – base of an altarpiece
  • 22. Jeff Wall, Storyteller, 1986
  • 23. The Photographer of Modern Life • • • • • • • Digital manipulation of photograph recalls mid-19th century painting & pictorial photography Large color transparencies set in light boxes Shift away from documentary photography Questions the veracity of the image Interest in pictorial composition, size & narrative aligns it with the history of figurative painting To restore or make whole again the fractured image (broken up in collage, photomontage) in avant-garde art by returning to birth of avant-garde (Manet) & photography (mid-19th century) Shows homeless native Manet, Canadians in home town of Luncheon on Vancouver the Grass 1863 “a transgression against the institution of transgression” – Wall Jeff Wall, Storyteller, 1986
  • 24. Global Issues – Chinese Art Wang Guangyi, Great Criticism: Marlboro, 1992 Zhang Huan, 12 Square Meters, 1994
  • 25. Global Issues – Chinese Art Ai Weiwei, Sunflower Seeds, Tate Modern, London, installation, 2010
  • 26. Global Issues – Chinese Art • “Global” representation – the “multitude” • 100 million handmade sunflower seeds laid on floor of Tate Modern’s Turbine Hall, London • Public invited to walk on, lay down on them • Made by workers over several years in Chinese province which had historically made porcelain for Emperor • Reflection on Chinese labor, modern economy, and identity • Suggests Postminimalist anti-form and Pop Art’s interest in the mass subject Ai Weiwei, Sunflower Seeds, Tate Modern, London, installation, 2010