Lecture, 1990 2010

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  • Continuing AIDS Crisis, debates over welfare and increasing poverty, the two-term Presidency of Bill Clinton, the politics of identity (debates about affirmative action, etc), global economies, NAFTA, information superhighway (digital communications and the internet)
  • Collaboration between DeCarava and poet Langston Hughes. Positive portrait of Harlem Life.
  • Lecture, 1990 2010

    1. 1. Damian Hirst, For the Love of God, 2007 Contemporary Issues 1990 - 2010
    2. 2. Historical Revisionism & Traditional Art Forms Yinka Shonibare Untitled 1997 • • • Intentional historicism Return to traditional art forms Revisionist approach (identity politics, questioning tenets of modernism) Sir Godfrey Kneller, Portrait of Major General Joseph Sabine, ca. 1700
    3. 3. Institutional Critique & Art as Ethnography Fred Wilson, Mining the Museum, 1992, Museum of Contemporary Art, Baltimore Renee Green, Seen, 1990, installation
    4. 4. Regression and Abjection Kiki Smith, Blood Pool, 1992, painted bronze Paul McCarthy, Tomato Heads, 1994
    5. 5. Race and its Representation • • • • • Shifting notions of the politics of identity From essentialist and positive notions of identity (blackness, femininity, etc) to identity as a social construction Complicates identity so that it cannot be easily categorized or stereotyped Uses critique of documentary forms of racial representation, personal testimonies, ambiguous narratives, past art forms Photo-conceptualism Adrian Piper, from The Mythic Being series 1972-76
    6. 6. Portraits of Family Life Carrie Mae Weems, from the Kitchen Table Series, 1990 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pPDInpNoO50
    7. 7. Portraits of Community Roy DeCarava, from The Sweet Flypaper of Life, 1955
    8. 8. Subversive Beauty: Troubling Typologies of Black Identity Lorna Simpson, Waterbearer, 1986 Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Jug, 1665 Ellen Gallagher, Mr. Terrific from the DeLuxe series, 2005
    9. 9. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Dave Chappelle, Racial Stereotype Pixies http://www.milkandcookies.com/link/48511/detail/
    10. 10. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Kara Walker, Camptown Ladies, 1998
    11. 11. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque • • • • • Black-paper cutout silhouettes & projections on white gallery and museum walls Inspired by fantasies of anteBellum South Extreme caricatures of Black slaves & slave-owners Depicts graphic subjects (sex, violence) Revision of older art forms, the silhouette & the cyclorama http://video.pbs.org/video/1237715781/ Silhouette of George And Martha Washington Kara Walker, Camptown Ladies, 1998
    12. 12. The Politics of Identity: The Stereotypical Grotesque Gettysburg Cyclorama
    13. 13. Disegno (Drawing) vs. Colorito (Color) Michelangelo, Madonna and Child Giorgione, The Tempest
    14. 14. The Odalisque: Challenging Disegno Ingres Delacroix Matisse Renoir
    15. 15. Drawing in the 20th Century The Matrix (grid): Abstracting the Object Mondrian Pollock The Grapheme: Abstracting the Subject Erasure: Abstracting Time Kentridge
    16. 16. Drawing & Time: From Deskilling to Re-skilling • • • • • • Short film of animated charcoal drawings using erasure and stop-shoot technique Felix in Exile (1994) one of many “drawings for projection” Recurring characters & love triangle among Soho Ekstein (a mineowner/capitalist), Felix Teitelbaum (an artist/self-portrait?), Mrs. Ekstein (wife of Ekstein) Setting is Paris hotel room, Felix gazing into mirror at Nandi, a South African surveyor, looking back at him The gaze Apartheid ended in 1994 William Kentridge, from Felix in Exile, 1994
    17. 17. William Kentridge, from Felix in Exile, 1994
    18. 18. William Kentridge Felix in Exile 1994 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaTnchoukdY
    19. 19. Palimpsest • • • • • Linear overlay of forms Ancient process Allegory of memory, time, history Kentridge’s work a meditation on the fate of handicraft? Drawing as obsolete among new technologies Ruffignac cave drawings ca. 14,000 BCE Robert Rauschenberg Erased de Kooning 1953
    20. 20. Pictorial Photography Getrude Kasebier, The Sketch, ca. 1903
    21. 21. Pictorial Photography Sam Taylor-Wood Soliloquy I, 1998 c-type color print Henry Wallis The Death of Chatterton ca. 1856 Luca Signorelli Lamentation Over the Dead Christ ca. 1502 predella – base of an altarpiece
    22. 22. Jeff Wall, Storyteller, 1986
    23. 23. The Photographer of Modern Life • • • • • • • Digital manipulation of photograph recalls mid-19th century painting & pictorial photography Large color transparencies set in light boxes Shift away from documentary photography Questions the veracity of the image Interest in pictorial composition, size & narrative aligns it with the history of figurative painting To restore or make whole again the fractured image (broken up in collage, photomontage) in avant-garde art by returning to birth of avant-garde (Manet) & photography (mid-19th century) Shows homeless native Manet, Canadians in home town of Luncheon on Vancouver the Grass 1863 “a transgression against the institution of transgression” – Wall Jeff Wall, Storyteller, 1986
    24. 24. Global Issues – Chinese Art Wang Guangyi, Great Criticism: Marlboro, 1992 Zhang Huan, 12 Square Meters, 1994
    25. 25. Global Issues – Chinese Art Ai Weiwei, Sunflower Seeds, Tate Modern, London, installation, 2010
    26. 26. Global Issues – Chinese Art • “Global” representation – the “multitude” • 100 million handmade sunflower seeds laid on floor of Tate Modern’s Turbine Hall, London • Public invited to walk on, lay down on them • Made by workers over several years in Chinese province which had historically made porcelain for Emperor • Reflection on Chinese labor, modern economy, and identity • Suggests Postminimalist anti-form and Pop Art’s interest in the mass subject Ai Weiwei, Sunflower Seeds, Tate Modern, London, installation, 2010

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