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Used by US government to raise public funds for poor
Image of universal motherhood (Madonna and child?)
DOROTHEA LANGE, Migrant Mother, Nipomo Valley, 1935. Fig. 14-31. America, 1930-1945 "I wish she [Lange] hadn't taken my picture. I can't get a penny out of it. She didn't ask my name. She said she wouldn't sell the pictures. She said she'd send me a copy. She never did.“ -Florence Thompson
America, 1930-1945 JACOB LAWRENCE, No. 49, from The Migration of the Negro, 1940–1941. Fig. 14-33.
The African American experience & struggle against discrimination
Americans adapt European modernism
Cubist tension of space
JACOB LAWRENCE, No. 49, from The Migration of the Negro, 1940–1941. Fig. 14-33. America, 1930-1945 “ They also found discrimination In the North although it was much Different from what they had known in the South.” -caption accompanying image
“ Art for the People” Diego Rivera, Ancient Mexico from History of Mexico , National Palace, Mexico, 1929-35, fig. 14-35 Frida Kahlo, The Two Fridas 1939, oil, fig. 14-36 Mexico, 1930-45 http://www.spike.com/video-clips/bvw0x9/frida-diego-vs-rockefeller
Hitler & the War Against “Degenerate” Art Walter Gropius Shop Block, the Bauhaus, Dessau 1925-26, fig.14-37 Hitler touring the Degenerate Art exhibition, 1937
Watercolor by Adolf Hitler
Europe, 1920 to 1945 PABLO PICASSO, Guernica, 1937. Fig. 14-19.
Response to fascist bombing in Spain
Political role of art
Paris International Exposition
Aspects of Cubism
Brutality and darkness
Europe, 1920 to 1945 Painting is not made to decorate apartments. It is an instrument for offensive and defensive war against the enemy . -Picasso Tapestry version at United Nations
Architecture, 1930-45 LE CORBUSIER, Villa Savoye, 1929. Fig. 14-39.
Developed at Bauhaus
“ Machine for living”
Steel and reinforced concrete
Open plan, light
LE CORBUSIER, Villa Savoye, 1929. Fig. 14-39. Architecture, 1930-45
Modern and local natural materials
Pure forms, little ornament
Cantilevered levels to integrate with setting
Architecture of space, not mass
FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, Kaufmann House (Fallingwater), 1936–1939. Fig. 14-40. Architecture, 1930-45