Art Since 1970postmodernism: a reaction against modernistformalism, seen as elitist . Far more encompassing andaccepting than the more rigid confines of modernistpractice, postmodernism offers something for everyoneby accommodating a wide range of styles, subjects, andformats, from traditional easel painting to installation andfrom abstraction to illusionism. Postmodern art oftenincludes irony or reveals a self-conscious awareness onthe part of the artist of art-making processes or theworkings of the art world.-from Gardner’s Art Through the Ageshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QdO9orWQ-Nk
Art Since 1970Themes & Styles:• Appropriation(pastiche)• Multi-media works• Blurring of boundariesbetween high vs. low• Self-consciousness• Deconstruction(destabilizingmeaning)• Socio-political nature• Inclusiveness &individualityKehinde WileyNapoleon Leading theArmy over the Alps, 2005,oil, AmericanJacques-Louis DavidNapoleon Crossing the St.BernardPass, 1801, oil, FrenchPainting is about theworld that we live in.Black men live in theworld. My choice is toinclude them. This ismy way of saying yesto us.-Kehinde Wileyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3jNKBOMOTPA
Feminist ArtJUDY CHICAGO, The Dinner Party,1979. Fig. 15-21.CINDY SHERMAN, Untitled Film Still#35, 1979. Fig. 15-22.
Barbara Kruger, Untitled (Your Gaze Hitsthe Side of My Face), 1981Photo/collage, fig.15-23“The Gaze” & Feminist Art• Trained as graphicdesigner• Incorporates mass mediatechniques in order tosubvert them• Large scale• Image and text (black &white)• Red frame• Questions assumptionsabout beauty andfemininity, objectificationof women
Site-specific ArtROBERT SMITHSON, Spiral Jetty, 1970Site-specific Art - Earthworks
Site-specific Art - Earthworks• Concern for environment(American SW)• Draw attention to land(entropy)• Question role ofmuseums and galleries inart (resists art market)• Shape and colordetermined by site =spiral salt molecules• Not always visible• Envisioned as return toprimordial beginningsROBERT SMITHSON, Spiral Jetty,1970. Fig. 15-38.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vCfm95GyZt4
Maya Lin, Vietnam VeteransMemorial, Washington, D.C.1981-83, fig.15-34Architecture (Modernist)• Result of juriedcompetition held in 1981• Selected while Lin was anarchitecture student at Yale• Highly Controversial• Didn’t glorify the war;focus on individual cost ofwar• Selected minimalist (andmodernist design) overclassical forms• List of names of dead,chronologically from thecenter• Like a black, polished“cut” into the earth• One end points atWashington Monument,other at Lincoln Memorial
RICHARD ROGERS and RENZOPIANO, Georges Pompidou NationalCenter of Art and Culture, 1977.Fig. 15-36.Architecture (Postmodernist)ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, EiffelTower, 1889. Fig. 13-19.
Architecture (Postmodernist)FRANK GEHRY, Guggenheim Bilbao Museo, 1997. Fig. 15-37.
Performance & Conceptual ArtJOSEPH Beuys, How to ExplainPictures to a Dead Hare, 1965,fig. 15-41JOSEPH KOSUTH, One and Three Chairs1965. Fig. 15-41.
New MediaBill Viola, The Crossing1996, video/soundFig. 15-43http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHqhaH6m9pY• Video/sound installation• Companion videos (menengulfed in water &flames)• Reflects back on theviewer’s own body(sensations) immersed ina image-sound space• Spiritual & religiousmeanings• Uses elements (fire,water) as allegories ofpersonal transformation
JEFF KOONS, Pink Panther, 1988. Fig. 15-30.Social and Political ArtMARCEL DUCHAMP, Fountain (second version),1950 (original version produced 1917).Fig. 14-13.
• Postmodernism• Neo-Pop? Neo-Dada?(Duchamp’s readymade)• Commodity culture• Cartoon character andcenterfold• Kitschy material (mass-produced, cute,sentimental objects)• In The Banality Show• Ironic commentary orlove of popular culture? JEFF KOONS, Pink Panther, 1988.Fig. 15-30.Social and Political Art
Social and PoliticalArtChris Ofili, The HolyVirgin Mary, 1996,mixed media
Final Exam Review:Comparative Essay• What are the individual characteristics ofeach work in terms of style & subject?• How do they relate to the particular historic,artistic and cultural contexts in which they weremade?• With what artistic movements are theyassociated?• Why compare the two art works? What are theirsimilarities & differences?
#1.Picasso, LesDemoisellesd’Avignon,1907, oilWILLEM DE KOONING, Woman I, 1950–1952.