American Romanticism 1800-1860 L.Ruckel American Literature
What is Romanticism? <ul><li>Answer: The schools of thought that value feeling and intuition over reason. </li></ul>
The Beginning: <ul><li>Romanticism started in Germany in the second half of the 18 th  century. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a...
Wanderer Above the Sea Fog,  by Caspar David Friedrich <ul><li>Strong emotion=aesthetic experience </li></ul>
Escapism <ul><li>Romantics wanted to rise above “dull realities” to reach higher truth. </li></ul><ul><li>They often looke...
The American Voice <ul><li>Would American writers continue to imitate the Europeans or develop their own style? </li></ul>...
The New Hero <ul><li>Virtue=American Innocence </li></ul><ul><li>American Romantic Hero: truthful, young, intuitive, close...
Romantic Poetry <ul><li>Stuck with English themes, meter, and imagery. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to prove Europeans wrong a...
Transcendentalists <ul><li>Transcendental-the idea that in determining the ultimate reality of God, the universe, the self...
The Dark Romantics <ul><li>A.K.A anti-transcendentalists </li></ul><ul><li>Included Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, ...
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American romanticism

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American romanticism

  1. 1. American Romanticism 1800-1860 L.Ruckel American Literature
  2. 2. What is Romanticism? <ul><li>Answer: The schools of thought that value feeling and intuition over reason. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Beginning: <ul><li>Romanticism started in Germany in the second half of the 18 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a reaction to rationalism and the Industrial Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagination, feelings, and wild nature were more valuable than reason and logic especially when it cam to art. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry vs. science </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wanderer Above the Sea Fog, by Caspar David Friedrich <ul><li>Strong emotion=aesthetic experience </li></ul>
  5. 5. Escapism <ul><li>Romantics wanted to rise above “dull realities” to reach higher truth. </li></ul><ul><li>They often looked to exotic settings of the past or the supernatural world to escape. </li></ul><ul><li>Or they would look to nature as a source of escape. </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to the Puritans. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The American Voice <ul><li>Would American writers continue to imitate the Europeans or develop their own style? </li></ul><ul><li>American novels used the wilderness of the west to create a unique style. </li></ul><ul><li>James Fenimore Cooper was one of the first American novelists. He wrote The Last of the Mohicans. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The New Hero <ul><li>Virtue=American Innocence </li></ul><ul><li>American Romantic Hero: truthful, young, intuitive, close to nature, rejects the rules of society, uneasy with women (women=society) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Romantic Poetry <ul><li>Stuck with English themes, meter, and imagery. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to prove Europeans wrong about Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Fireside Poets: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and James Russell Lowell </li></ul><ul><li>They were somewhat short sighted. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Transcendentalists <ul><li>Transcendental-the idea that in determining the ultimate reality of God, the universe, the self, and other important matters, one must transcend the everyday human experience in the physical world. </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by Ralph Waldo Emerson. </li></ul><ul><li>They were idealists, but in a broader, more practical sense. </li></ul><ul><li>They were working towards perfection. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Dark Romantics <ul><li>A.K.A anti-transcendentalists </li></ul><ul><li>Included Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Herman Melville </li></ul><ul><li>They also valued intuition, but were not as optimistic about it. </li></ul><ul><li>They thought there was both good and bad in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>They provided more balance. </li></ul>
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