Carta a la tierra, Gorbachov
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Carta a la tierra, Gorbachov

Carta a la tierra, Gorbachov

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Carta a la tierra, Gorbachov Presentation Transcript

  • 1. MANIFESTO FOR THE EARTH Mijaíl GorbachovLaura Ferrer MontañésMarta Navarro Uriel Sostenibilidad Energética, Enero 2012 Máster en EERR y Eficiencia Energética Universidad de Zaragoza
  • 2. INDEX• Preamble.• Chapters: • Are we really waiting for a new prestige to get into action? • Three challenges for the new century. • How I became a green? • The global crisis. • What should we do? • My Green “Cross” • ”Homo Sapiens” or “Robot Sapiens”?• The Earth Charter. 2Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 3. PREAMBLEMIJAÍL GORBACHOV• In Stávropol, URSS, March 2nd 1931.• General secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), and posterior executive President of the Soviet Union.• Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990, headed the NGOs Green Cross and became leader of the Social Democratic Union to the present day.EARTH’S LETTER• Written in the late summer of 2002.• Recounts in first person the three challenges humanity must face.• The Earth Charter devised in Rio de Janerio in 1992. 3 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 4. Are we really waiting for a new “Prestige” to get into action?• Prestige accident, November 2002.• Accidents in which oil is spoilt: • Damages: FAUNA AND ENVIRONMENT • Ecological groups  new regulations. • Global Marine Comission. • Fiscal privileges of some countries  Liberia. 4 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 5. • World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburgh, August - September 2002: SUCCESS FAILURE• Politics and sustainable • Fight against poverty. development • Environmental degradation.• Potable water. • Climate change• Combat desertification • Biggest disappoinment: and fish stock. negotiations on energy. “It achieved more than what many of us expected, but considerably less than what we hoped” 5 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 6. Three challenges for the new centuryAT THE TURN OF THE 21th CENTURY:• Perestroika • End to the division of the world into two enemy camps. • End to the arms race.• Chernobyl • The terrible warning of dangers inherent in a technological civilization.• September 11th 2001 • Consequences of poverty and the loss of human values. 6 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 7. Three challenges for the new centuryI – WORLD PEACE• Chemical weapons and nuclear armaments.II – WORLD POVERTY• Ecological measures are meaningless if poverty is not tackled.III – ECOLOGICAL• Climate changes are taking place on the earth  the number of natural disasters is increasing.• Many plant and animal species are dying out.• The polar ice caps are melting.• The oceans are becoming increasingly poluted, while the forests are 7 being ever more rapidly destroyed. Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 8. How I became green? 1931 1941 1970 1985 1991 Born Attack by Delegate to Chairman the Supreme 1993Peasant Hitler’s of the Dimissal family Germany Soviet of the Communist GREEN USSR Party CROSSBound up HUNGER & Member of Acceleration with POVERTY the Comitee GlasnostNATURE for the Perestroika Conservation of the 8 Environment. Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 9. The global crisisTHE END OF THE COLD WAR • Fall of the Berlin Wall. • Cause for hopes supported by meetings: Rio Earth Summit in 1992.EUROPE • Play an important role towards a new world order. • The fall of the Iron Curtain  Realize the idea of a GREATER EUROPE. The end of the cold war 11th September 2001 9 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 10. The global crisisTHE POLITICAL CRISISDespite the Russo-American agreement on the mutual reduction ofnuclear arms…… the end of the cold war in no way heralds the beginning of peacefultimes.THE ECONOMIC CRISISThe avalanche of growth in information technology andtelecommunications have given globalization a trmendous boost……growing the inequality between South and North, between povertyand wealth. 10 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 11. The global crisisTHE SOCIAL CRISISThe hope that at least a part of the huge sums spent on the arms race bythe developed countries……the aid goals are far from being achieved.THE ECOLOGICAL CRISISThe growing ecological crisis shows that a liberal economy functioningmainly according to the criteria of profitability and a return capital isnot capable of coping with the ecological challenge……that produces drought, famine and natural disasters should beconsidered as a serious threat to peace and stability on the planet. 11 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 12. What should we do?• We should do everything in our power to prevent global catastrophe.• The majority of ecologists and politicians act under many different forms regarding the need for a sustainable development.1972 UN Conference on THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT in Stockholm• The idea of sustainable development was first formulated.1992 Rio Environment Summit• That idea was promoted to pogramme status by the Rio Declaration on the Environment and Development. 12 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 13. What should we do? Human rights Effective co-operation Information technologyGlobalization is ritghtly criticized…• The process has proved to be asymmetrical: • The economically and politically dominant countries have protected their interests. • The countries “at the periphery” have been deceived. 13 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 14. What should we do? More effective use of existing authorities A world govermentInternationalEcological Court ONU reformation Regional organizations 14 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 15. What should we do?CONSUMPTION: engine of economic development.We have to admit that consumer attitudes and excesive demands onnature are coming up agsinst ecological, social and moral limitations.• Reorientation of consumption.• Change people’s mind.1988 Aarhus Convention• Access to information on environmental matters.• Learn how to take care on the environment. 15 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 16. My green “cross”Main thrusts of their work and how they reflect their philosophy:• The ecological consequences of war and other conflicts: • Wars against the environment and life. • “Heritage”.• Water as a source of conflict, water for peace: • Prevent conflicts about water. • Access to water as a general human right.• A charter for the Earth.• What has happened to ethical ideas? 16 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 17. “Homo Sapiens” or “Robot Sapiens”?• Human beings have now taken over the whole planet: • Towns, soil, forests, rivers, animal and plant species, change the climate…• Robots: the next step in evolution • American experts on artificial intelligence and robotic technology.• Humanity needs a new philosophy of life. • “Global ethic”. • Ensure the survival humanity. 17 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 18. The Earth Charter12th March 2002I. RESPECT AND CARE FOR THE COMMUNITY OF LIFE. 1. Respect Earth and life in all its diversity. 2. Care for the community of life with understanding, compassion, and love. 3. Build democratic societies that are just, participatory, sustainable, and peaful. 4. Secure Earth’s bounty and beauty for present and future generations. 18 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 19. The Earth CharterII. ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY. 5. Protect and restore the integrity of Earth’s ecological systems, with special concern for biological diversity and the natural processes that sustain life. 6. Prevent harm as the best method of environmental protection and, when knowledge is limited, apply a precautionary approach. 7. Adopt patterns of production, consumption, and reproduction that safeguard Earth’s regenerative capacities, human rights, and community well being. 8. Advance the study of ecological sustainability and promote the open exchange and wide application of the knowledge adquired. 19 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 20. The Earth CharterIII. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC JUSTICE 9. Eradicate poverty as an ethical, social, and environmental imperative. 10. Ensure that economic activities and institutions at all levels promote human development in an equitable and sustainable manner. 11. Affirm gender equality and equity as prerequisites to sustainable development and ensure universal access to education, health care, and economic opportunity. 12. Uphold the right of all, without discrimination, to a natural and social environment supportive of human dignity, bodily health, and spiritual well being, with special attention to the rights of indigenous peoples and minorities. 20 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 21. The Earth CharterIV. DEMOCRACY, NONVIOLENCE, AND PEACE. 13. Strengthen democratic institutions at all levels, and provide transparency and accountability in governance, inclusive participation in decision making, and access to justice. 14. Integrate into formal education and life – long learning the knowledge, values, and skills needed for a sustainable way of life. 15. Treat all living beings with respect and consideration. 16. Promote a culture of tolerance, nonviolence, and peace. 21 Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel CARTA A LA TIERRA
  • 22. PERSONALREVIEW Historical contents. Gorbachov: point of view. Disorganization. 22Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel - CARTA A LA TIERRA 07/05/2012
  • 23. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION 23Laura Ferrer Montañés, Marta Navarro Uriel - CARTA A LA TIERRA 07/05/2012