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Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide
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Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide

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Presentation for Northeastern University Fall 2013 Senior Capstone …

Presentation for Northeastern University Fall 2013 Senior Capstone

*All references available

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
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  • 1. Pathway to Peace through the Digital Divide Laura Mueller-Soppart Capstone Fall 2013
  • 2. Economic Stability & Peace John Maynard Keynes, Economic Consequences of Peace, 1920
  • 3. What is the Digital Divide? gap between individuals, households, businesses and geographic areas at different socio-economic levels with regard both to their opportunities to access information and communication technologies (ICTs) and to their use of the Internet for a wide variety of activities
  • 4. Why the Internet Matters • 3.4% of GDP in top 70% global economy stimulated by Internet activity • 2.9% of global GDP • $1.7 trillion economic contribution • If the Internet were a sector it would outweigh agriculture and utilities • Internet contribution to GDP growth has been an average 21% in mature countries over the past 5 years • SMEs with high web index have experienced 2.1x growth over the last 3 years • Less than 1/3 of surveyed SMEs have high web index
  • 5. Bridging the Digital Divide Internet maturity correlates with a rising standard of living
  • 6. Economic Impact of Electrification
  • 7. Economic Impact of Electrification
  • 8. Importance of Standardization • Universal standards allow the electric grid to act as one machine • Increases economies of scale • Keeps prices low • Allows quicker global adoption • International and national associations created • Negotiate standards • Share patents • Learn best practices • Engage with government agencies • Standardization stops at regulating consumption
  • 9. Energy Poverty ≠ Peace Only ½ of primary students in Abu Hasheem, a small south-eastern state in Sudan, received passing grades on their exams in 2007. That number increased to 100 percent after the Sudan Multi Donor Fund-National sponsored a project to provide solar power to the community
  • 10. Demand for Internet In Sri Lanka, 76.6 percent of the population has electricity access; yet, there are 81 active mobile phones per 100 people
  • 11. Demand for Internet
  • 12. Risks of Unmet Demand • Unmet economic potential • 10% broadband penetration increase add 0.9 to 1.5 percentage points to per capita GDP growth • Education & Health gap continues to grow • Online education • Disease outbreak maps • Information is powerful • Amount of data produced in one day in 2013 is greater than all data stored before 2012 • Economic decisions are based on information on a micro and macro level
  • 13. Abundance  Peace
  • 14. Literature Review • John Maynard Keynes, Economic Consequences of Peace, 1920 • Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch, 2008 • Future Authors of the early 1900s • Vinton Cerf, Internet Freedom Declaration • OECD, Understanding the Digital Divide, 2001 • McKinsey Global Institute, Why the Internet Matters, 2011 • Google, Digital Summit, 2013
  • 15. Conclusions • The digital divide is not sustainable because of the importance of the Internet in modern society • Electrification efforts are continuously unhinged, the world operates on the assumption that energy will always be available • Information power will eclipse in importance, and all deserve to assume that information will always be available • As witnesses with electricity, economies of scale and standardization are key lowering pricing and expanding networks • Next steps are to develop policy recommendations that also analyze the other components of peace and the Internet

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