Conversations?STARTING LINE OF INQUIRY PAPERS TUESDAY, 10/2
Using your chart “cluster” your sources Give each “cluster” a name (this is called a subject heading) Example: Effects of skills-based testing: Jones, Smith, Victor Negative side-effects: Gomez, Brandt, Heath
Looking at your “clusters” Each “cluster” will be a section in your paper Choose a “cluster.” Write a one-sentence generalization about that cluster. This sentence generally introduces what you will discuss in that section. Example: The establishment of the SAT The reasons for the establishment of the SAT have been widely discussed.
Direct Citations Deborah Brandt asserts, “Literacy sponsors are positive or negative influences on a person’s literacy” (338).
Indirect Citations Some sources suggest that literacy sponsors can have positive or negative influences on a person’s literacy (Brandt;DeVoss; Wardle).
Drafting Get more specific, using indirect citations to make connections between sources. Example: Many scholars discuss the establishment of the SAT as being based on the need for standardization in the college acceptance process (MacArthur; Lewis).
Drafting Summarize the main argument of one of your sources. Feel free to borrow from your annotated bib and precis. Example: More specifically, Lewis asserts that special that the SAT was established because schools needed a way to measure all students on a standard scale (19). He explains…” Expand with a direct quote or two (use your precis) Share.
Drafting Now summarize another source, showing the connection between them. (Create a “conversation.”) Example: Lewis defines speech recognition software, or voice-input, as software that recognizes the voice of the user and records the words as text (19). According to MacArthur, dictation and speech recognition can be very beneficial to students with difficulty in basic writing skills but the limitations of speech recognition software are much greater than dictating to a human. Share.
Drafting Repeat the process for each of your sources you listed under your subject heading. Incorporate quotes where necessary or relevant. Remember to show the connections.
Drafting Now pull all the threads together: identify the areas of agreement and disagreement, and use them to support your argument. Example: Both MacArthur and Lewis indicate that word prediction software was created for individuals with physical disabilities, but MacArthur claims that the benefits of word prediction technology is promising for students with severe disabilities in spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
Drafting Repeat for each of your subject headings.
Work on each of your sections Borrow from your annotated bib Bring what you have to class Thursday