The picture of Dorian Gray


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The picture of Dorian Gray

  1. 1. Oscar Wilde • Oscar Wilde O´Flahertie Wilde was born on 16 October 1854 in Dublín. • His father was an important surgeon, his mother was an Irish nationalist poet. • He studied at Trinity College in Dublín, and at the age of 20, he won a scholarship to study at Oxford University. • He is remembered for his epigrams. • He was accused of homosexuality which was illegal. • He died in poverty of meningitis in Paris on 30 november 1990.
  2. 2. Early life • He is the second of three children born to Sir William Wilde and Jane Francesca Wilde. • Until he was nine, Oscar Wilde was educated at home. • He was a member of The University Philosophical Society ( A student paper-reading and debating society in Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland). • He was raised to the "Sublime Degree of Master Mason“ in the Masonic Lodge at Oxford.
  3. 3. Recognized Works • 1882 His first book “poems” • 1888 A collection of stories for children “The happy prince and other tales” • 1891 “The picture of Dorian Gray” • 1895 “ The importance of being Earnest” • 1897 “De profundis” • 1898 “The ballad of reading Gaol”
  4. 4. The Picture of Dorian Gray • Oscar Wilde had been thinking in create a major novel for some time. One day the sitter at ward´s studio was a very handsome young man who impressed him. • Wilde said the painter that he had created a glorious creature in this paint, and he said: • “It would be wonderful if the boy could always remain young while the portrait aged in his place”. • Form these beginnings the idea for Wilde´s first and only novel the picture of Dorian Gray, grew.
  5. 5. • In 1889 J. M Stoddart, an American editor from Philadelphia invited Wilde and Sir. Arthur Conan Doyle to dinner and asked both men to write a story for Lippincott´s Monthly Magazine . • The picture of Dorian Gray was the result! It was published in July 1890 issue of Lippincott ´s and went from page 3 to 100. • After Wilde added six chapters and he also added the famous preface.
  6. 6. Oscar Wilde´s London • Wilde arrived to London after having graduated from Oxford University. • He became both famous and notorious. • London was a city of extremes and contradictions. • The new high society lived in fashionable, comfortable and elegantly furnished homes with servants.
  7. 7. The bank and Royal Exchange, London (1887) by William Longsdail.
  8. 8. • Children received an adequate education according to their sex. • Girls were taught to draw, sew, sing and play the piano in preparation for marriage. • Boys went to public boarding schools which prepared them for a career in politics or the professions. • Child labour was a sad reality of the poor classes. • London´s streets were congested until the advent of the “tube” or underground railway. • The theatre was the most popular form of entertainment for all social classes.
  9. 9. The Savoy Theatre was opened in 1881- First building to be lit by electricity.
  10. 10. The private view of the Royal Academy (1881) by William Powel Frith
  11. 11. The Victorian Age • It was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign form 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. • She became queen of England and Ireland and the Empress of India when she was very young. • She married with Prince Albert who was her cousin. They had 9 children and they married with other European royal families.
  12. 12. Queen Victoria
  13. 13. • A way based on the ownership of land to a modern urban economy based on trade and manufacturing. • A time of progress: the telegraph, rail ways, photography, the sewing machine, great manufacturing cities. • Britain also had a very important fleet, which carry the goods to the metropolitan.
  14. 14. Early victorian (1832-1848) • Technological development and the opening of the reform parliament. • The State had a system of economic liberalism. • There was a great conscious in the society of children's work. • The abolition of the Corn Laws to protect English farm products from having to compete with low prized products imported .
  15. 15. Mid Victorian (1848-1870) • Confrontation of ideas between the Utilitarianism, based on the idea that the rightness of an action is determined by whether its consequences are conductive to general utility. • It was a group of writers who were shocked for the condition of living in some parts of England and they wrote a series of novels as Elisabeth Gaskell´s “North and South” and Benjamin Disraelis “Sybil of the two nations”.
  16. 16. Late Victorian (1870- 1900) • The U.K. had more competitors in trade as the United States and Germany which was becoming an empire. • Workers began to join in associations, which are called trade unions.
  17. 17. The Aesthetic Movement • Victorian artists experienced a new world shaped by the Industrial Revolution. • Artists reacted in different ways. • Some painted the society in which they lived in detail and with great realism. • Others painters, dissatisfied with victorian materialism found inspiration for their works in the past, particularly in medieval Italian paintings.
  18. 18. The Derby Day (1858) by William Power Frith
  19. 19. The light of the world (1853 by ) William Holman Hunt
  20. 20. The Pre-Raphaelites • It was formed in 1848 by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais. • The Pre-Raphaelites depicted objects in a very clear way , and every object and person have a symbolic meaning as the Middle ages. • They convey a moral message through their works.
  21. 21. The Weeding of St. George and Princess Sabra (1857) by Dante Gabriel Rosseti.
  22. 22. • During the 1870s the aesthetic movement had many points of contact with the parallel European movements of Decadentism and Symbolism. • It was inspired by the principle of “art for art´s sake” which meant that, contrary to the pre- Raphaelites said, art had no moral purpose. • “Form was the essence of beauty and beauty was the highest perfection of humans beings”.
  23. 23. Walter Pater
  24. 24. • The famous English scolar, Walter Pater excercised influence on Oscar Wilde and the Aesthetic movement with his Studies in the History of the Renaissance (1873). • The Aesthetic writers broke away from the confinig conventions, pursuing pleasure by the cult of beauty and art. • Wilde was considered a “Dandy”, a man who gave great importance to his appeareance, refined and eccentric lifestyle and brillian conversation.
  25. 25. Symphony in white, The Little White Girl (1864) by James Whistler.
  26. 26. Aubrey Beardsley • A young artist that illustrated the English edition of Salomé in 1893 with a very important series of prints as The climax. • The climax: He reduced the scene to flat surfaces of black and white, crossed by undulating lines. • He expressed the decadent fascination whit eros and blood, and he anticipated the caracters of the “Art Nouveau” of the 20th century.
  27. 27. The Climax by Aubrey Beardsley.