• Oscar Wilde O´Flahertie Wilde was born on 16
October 1854 in Dublín.
• His father was an important surgeon, his mother was
an Irish nationalist poet.
• He studied at Trinity College in Dublín, and at the age
of 20, he won a scholarship to study at Oxford
• He is remembered for his epigrams.
• He was accused of homosexuality which was illegal.
• He died in poverty of meningitis in Paris on 30
• He is the second of three children born to Sir
William Wilde and Jane Francesca Wilde.
• Until he was nine, Oscar Wilde was educated at
• He was a member of The University Philosophical
Society ( A student paper-reading
and debating society in Trinity College, Dublin,
• He was raised to the "Sublime Degree of Master
Mason“ in the Masonic Lodge at Oxford.
• 1882 His first book “poems”
• 1888 A collection of stories for children “The
happy prince and other tales”
• 1891 “The picture of Dorian Gray”
• 1895 “ The importance of being Earnest”
• 1897 “De profundis”
• 1898 “The ballad of reading Gaol”
The Picture of Dorian Gray
• Oscar Wilde had been thinking in create a major
novel for some time. One day the sitter at ward´s
studio was a very handsome young man who
• Wilde said the painter that he had created a glorious
creature in this paint, and he said:
• “It would be wonderful if the boy could always
remain young while the portrait aged in his place”.
• Form these beginnings the idea for Wilde´s first and
only novel the picture of Dorian Gray, grew.
• In 1889 J. M Stoddart, an American editor
from Philadelphia invited Wilde and Sir.
Arthur Conan Doyle to dinner and asked both
men to write a story for Lippincott´s Monthly
• The picture of Dorian Gray was the result! It
was published in July 1890 issue of Lippincott
´s and went from page 3 to 100.
• After Wilde added six chapters and he also
added the famous preface.
Oscar Wilde´s London
• Wilde arrived to London after having
graduated from Oxford University.
• He became both famous and notorious.
• London was a city of extremes and
• The new high society lived in fashionable,
comfortable and elegantly furnished homes
The bank and Royal Exchange, London (1887) by William Longsdail.
• Children received an adequate education according
to their sex.
• Girls were taught to draw, sew, sing and play the
piano in preparation for marriage.
• Boys went to public boarding schools which prepared
them for a career in politics or the professions.
• Child labour was a sad reality of the poor classes.
• London´s streets were congested until the advent of
the “tube” or underground railway.
• The theatre was the most popular form of
entertainment for all social classes.
The Savoy Theatre was opened in 1881- First building to be lit by
The private view of the Royal Academy (1881) by William Powel Frith
The Victorian Age
• It was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign
form 20 June 1837 until her death on 22
• She became queen of England and Ireland and
the Empress of India when she was very
• She married with Prince Albert who was her
cousin. They had 9 children and they married
with other European royal families.
• A way based on the ownership of land to a
modern urban economy based on trade and
• A time of progress: the telegraph, rail ways,
photography, the sewing machine, great
• Britain also had a very important fleet, which
carry the goods to the metropolitan.
Early victorian (1832-1848)
• Technological development and the opening
of the reform parliament.
• The State had a system of economic
• There was a great conscious in the society of
• The abolition of the Corn Laws to protect
English farm products from having to compete
with low prized products imported .
Mid Victorian (1848-1870)
• Confrontation of ideas between the Utilitarianism,
based on the idea that the rightness of an action is
determined by whether its consequences are
conductive to general utility.
• It was a group of writers who were shocked for the
condition of living in some parts of England and they
wrote a series of novels as Elisabeth Gaskell´s “North
and South” and Benjamin Disraelis “Sybil of the two
Late Victorian (1870- 1900)
• The U.K. had more competitors in trade as the
United States and Germany which was
becoming an empire.
• Workers began to join in associations, which
are called trade unions.
The Aesthetic Movement
• Victorian artists experienced a new world
shaped by the Industrial Revolution.
• Artists reacted in different ways.
• Some painted the society in which they lived
in detail and with great realism.
• Others painters, dissatisfied with victorian
materialism found inspiration for their works
in the past, particularly in medieval Italian
The light of the world
(1853 by ) William
• It was formed in 1848 by Dante Gabriel
Rossetti, William Holman Hunt and John
• The Pre-Raphaelites depicted objects in a very
clear way , and every object and person have
a symbolic meaning as the Middle ages.
• They convey a moral message through their
The Weeding of St. George and Princess Sabra
(1857) by Dante Gabriel Rosseti.
• During the 1870s the aesthetic movement had
many points of contact with the parallel
European movements of Decadentism and
• It was inspired by the principle of “art for art´s
sake” which meant that, contrary to the pre-
Raphaelites said, art had no moral purpose.
• “Form was the essence of beauty and beauty
was the highest perfection of humans beings”.
• The famous English scolar, Walter Pater
excercised influence on Oscar Wilde and the
Aesthetic movement with his Studies in the
History of the Renaissance (1873).
• The Aesthetic writers broke away from the
confinig conventions, pursuing pleasure by the
cult of beauty and art.
• Wilde was considered a “Dandy”, a man who
gave great importance to his appeareance,
refined and eccentric lifestyle and brillian
Symphony in white,
The Little White Girl
(1864) by James
• A young artist that illustrated the English
edition of Salomé in 1893 with a very
important series of prints as The climax.
• The climax: He reduced the scene to flat
surfaces of black and white, crossed by
• He expressed the decadent fascination whit
eros and blood, and he anticipated the
caracters of the “Art Nouveau” of the 20th