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Dentistry Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Dentistry
    Tere Montero
    Sofía Cortes
    Andrey Muñoz
  • 2. Little Aboutdentistry
    Dentistry, which is a part of stomatology, is the branch of medicine that is involved in the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, and surgical or non-surgical treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body
  • 3. Prevention
    Dentists also encourage prevention of dental caries through proper hygiene (tooth brushing and flossing), fluoride, and tooth polishing. Dental sealants are plastic materials applied to one or more teeth, for the intended purpose of preventing dental caries (cavities) or other forms of tooth decay.
  • 4. Specialities of dentistry
  • 5. Orthodontics
    is the specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth.
  • 6. endodontics
    Is one of dental specialties and deals with the tooth pulpand the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth. Endodontists perform a variety of procedures including root canal therapy, endodontic retreatment, surgery, treating cracked teeth, and treating dental trauma.
  • 7. Maxillofacial
    Oral and maxillofacial surgery is surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is a recognized international surgical specialty and it is one of the nine specialties of dentistry.
  • 8. Implantology
    A dental implant is an artificial tooth root used in dentistry to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth.
  • 9. Dental care
    Dental care is the maintenance of healthy teeth. It includes, and may refer to:
    Oral hygiene, the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean in order to prevent cavities (dental caries), gum disease, and other dental disorders.
    Dentistry, the professional care of teeth, including professional oral hygiene and dental surgery.
  • 10. Diseases of oral cavity
    Calculus (dental)
    calculus or tartar is a form of hardened dental plaque. It is caused by the continual accumulation of minerals from saliva on plaque on the teeth
  • 11. Dental caries
    is a disease wherein bacterial processes damage hard tooth structure (enamel, dentin, and cementum).These tissues progressively break down, producing dental caries (cavities, holes in the teeth)
  • 12. Gingivitis
    Gingivitis ("inflammation of the gum tissue") is a term used to describe non-destructive periodontal disease.The most common form of gingivitis is in response to bacterial biofilms (also called plaque) adherent to tooth surfaces, termed plaque-induced gingivitis, and is the most common form of periodontal disease
  • 13. Oral cavity cancer
    Is a subtype of head and neck cancer, is any cancerous tissue growth located in the oral cavity.It may arise as a primary lesion originating in any of the oral tissues, by metastasis from a distant site of origin, or by extension from a neighboring anatomic structure, such as the nasal cavity or the maxillary sinus.
  • 14. Thanks!