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Readings 3-5 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Readings 3-5 Cristina Chavarro Tatiana Figüeroa Laura Ramírez Laura Varela
  • 2. Reading 3
      • Not enough to maintain the cotton industry, among other factories.
      • Solution --> allowed the triumph of the Industrial Revolution in England and Scotland.
      • Water Energy
  • 3.
      • Energy
      • Organisms need it.
      • Dif. Sources, shapes and ways to be converted.
      • Humans -->Tools= energy
  • 4.
      • Prehistoric times
      • Medieval Times
      • 16th & 17th Centuries
      • 18th century
      • Plants, Animals & Humans
      • Water and Wind Mills
      • Intercontinental Sailing (water & wind)
      • Animal, human & plants = low energy & power
  • 5.
      • "The lack of power lay at the heart of poverty."
      • 18th century
      • No machines = more work = less production = expensive
      • Need --> sources energy
      • Wood = primary heat & transportation --> Iron industry needed wood --> Stop 1740
  • 6. Reading 4
      • Energy crisis & Coal
      • Early Steam Engines
      • Coal reserve --> Alternative to wood
      • Could be used to make mech. Energy
      • Inefficient converters
      • Needed more coal --> deeper mines --> got filled with water
      • Mech. Pumps --> animals = expensive
  • 7.
      • Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen
      • First Steam Engines
        • Ineffective
        • Were still used through out both English and Scottish mines.
  • 8.  
      • James Watt
      • Fixed the problems with Newcomen's engine --> made it more effective.
      • “ Most fundamental advance in technology.”
  • 9.
      • Steam
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      • Iron
      • Needed coal 
      • Necessary for the engines
      • Replaced waterpower in the cotton industry
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      • 1844
        • Iron was the “cheap, basic, building block of the economy”
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  • 10. Reading 5
      • Steam
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      • Roads
      • People were experimenting
      • Led to first trains
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      • 18th century
        • Smooth--> Passenger traffic
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  • 11.
      • Freight
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      • First Steam Engines
      • Shipment by land = expensive
      • Shipment by water was less expensive, thus it was more used.
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      • Noisy
      • Damaged Roads
      • Scared Horses
  • 12.
      • Road/ Rails
      • First Important Railroad
      • Coal Industry --> mine carts
      • Reduced friction
        • Heavier loads were easier to carry.
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      • Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
      • Led to more steam experimenting.
      • 1825 First effective locomotive (Rocket)--> George Stephenson
      • 1830 Rocket went on the railway at 16 m/h
  • 13.
      • Railroads
      • Economic consequences:
        • Reduced the cost of shipping freight by land.
        • Transportation costs descended
        • Markets became larger and more nation-wide
          • Led to larger factories --> more machines --> More Industries --> More Urban Workers
  • 14.
      • Urban Workers
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      • Industrial Revolution
      • Railroads --> Demand unskilled labor (Temporary work)
      • Most were landless farmers and peasants.
        • After the work was done, they mostly stayed in the village
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      • “ The railroad changed the outlook and values of the entire society”
      • Most important invention of this era --> railroad
  • 15.
    • The  End
    Thank you for watching!