First Steps to the Cloud


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Gareth Workman at Kainos presents his session First Steps to the Cloud at Lasa's Powering Up The Third Sector Technology Conference at IBM Forum London, 14 November 2011

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First Steps to the Cloud

  1. 1. Lasa NFP Technology Conference Presented By: Gareth Workman Date of Presentation: 14th November 201124-Nov-11 1
  2. 2. How Cloud can help NFP organisations?24-Nov-11 2
  3. 3. Five Fundamentals of Cloud On-demand / Self service Broad network access Resource Pooling Rapid Elasticity Measured Service24-Nov-11 3
  4. 4. Service Models Software as a Service (SaaS) The service is presented to the consumer via a thin client typically a web browser, pricing is typically on a per seat basis. SaaS has been around from the 90’s and is the most likely method of how we will consume Cloud resources by 2020.24-Nov-11 4
  5. 5. Service Models Platform as a Service (PaaS) The service allows the consumer to directly deploy their application code onto a Cloud infrastructure, the service provider dictates the framework to which the consumer must adhere. PaaS has diverge into two tiers: 1. Proprietary Framework: Azure / Google App Engine 2. Open Framework: Heroku / Engine Yard.24-Nov-11 5
  6. 6. Service Models Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) The service allows the consumer to deploy processing, storage, networks and other compute resources on a Cloud infrastructure. A typical example is Amazon EC2, which allows consumers to deploy virtual machines on demand. IaaS has seen rapid development over the past number of years.24-Nov-11 6
  7. 7. Service Models24-Nov-11 7
  8. 8. Deployment Models Public Clouds The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services.24-Nov-11 8
  9. 9. Deployment Models Private Clouds The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization. It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. Community Clouds The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns. It may be managed by the organizations or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise.24-Nov-11 9
  10. 10. Deployment Models Hybrid Clouds The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community, or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together by standardised or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability (e.g., cloud bursting for load balancing between clouds).24-Nov-11 10
  11. 11. Adopting Cloud Technologies Two terms which are consistently referenced within Cloud provider terms and conditions which you should be aware of. Data Controller: A person (living individual or legal entity) who, either alone or with others, controls the acquisition, the content and the use to which the personal data is put. Data Processor: A person (living individual or legal entity) who processes personal data on behalf of a Data Controller, within the parameters of a formal, written contract, and is not an employee of the Data Controller.24-Nov-11 11
  12. 12. Adopting Cloud Technologies How do you select a cloud service? • Capability: does the solution meet all my business requirements? • Reliability: Are there suitable guarantees of service, and proper SLAs? • Value: Can I really save money compared to traditional hosting (or on- premise) model? • Lock-in: What are the terms of the subscription model?24-Nov-11 12
  13. 13. Adopting Cloud Technologies • Integratability: how will the service fit with my current legacy infrastructure and applications? • Security: will the service be really safe? • Data Residency: Where is my data? • Deployment Model: Which model?24-Nov-11 13
  14. 14. Adopting Cloud Technologies Define a Cloud Policy for your business to put in place a framework stipulating how Cloud services can be provisioned. Classify the sensitivity of each application and data set to ensure that a service provider can identified and ensure that you the consumer are still compliant. Remember do not focus on an all or nothing Cloud adoption strategy, if a service does not fit a Cloud model then don’t move it. Identify those services that if transitioned to a Cloud service have tangible benefits.24-Nov-11 14
  15. 15. Adopting Cloud Technologies Good fit • Workloads with highly variable traffic. • Temporary workloads. • Matured package offerings i.e. Email services. Not as Good • Workloads requiring extremely high IOPS. • Workloads requiring high levels of hardware customisation.24-Nov-11 15
  16. 16. Adopting Cloud Technologies Some of the more mature Cloud offerings: • Collaborative tools: - E-mail and collaborative tools provided over an encrypted connection. • CRM services: - CRM solutions such as Microsoft Dynamics CRM, some vendors have tailored for specific industries. • Infrastructure services: - Fast, resilient, low cost server, network, security capability.24-Nov-11 16
  17. 17. Cloud Benefits: NSPCC Kainos helped the NSPCC select a new CRM solution, a Cloud service was chosen for the following reasons: • Functionality: we reviewed functions and concluded that Dynamics CRM would meet requirements. • Cost: we compared costs of on-premise vs. cloud solutions and concluded that the cloud was much more cost-effective. • Speed to market: we identified how the cloud solution could meet aggressive timescales. • Scalability: we identified an approach for increasing scale quickly in the cloud.24-Nov-11 17
  18. 18. Questions I’ll be delighted to answer any questions! …or contact me: Phone: 0289057136324-Nov-11 18