Esc. Sec.Gen.Ing.Jorge L. Tamayo Student´s name: Yeraldy Alcantara      Torres Teacher’s name:  Brenda Yamel Zenteno Buitron
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                   Dedication                    With love and appreciation, I ded...
Alcantara Torres YeraldyJustifiedThe present investigation was justified as it allows information to be used to         in...
Alcantara Torres YeraldyGLIPH OF TEHUACANThis is the currently accepted glyph city of Tehuacán. It is based on the work of...
Alcantara Torres YeraldyTEHUACAN SHIELDTehuacan is located in the southwestern part of the state of Puebla (Mexico), its  ...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                     LocationPuebla is one of the 32 states of Mexico. It is locat...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Tehuacan is a city, municipality and municipal seat located in the southeast of the  Mexican stat...
Alcantara Torres YeraldyThe bottling of our products has deep roots. He started in the city of Tehuacan,Puebla, universall...
Alcantara Torres YeraldyLine of time                                    2000-1501 First settlements on the Pacific coast o...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                    1100-1001  a. C. In Tabasco Construction begins on the Pyramid...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                Inauguration of the platform south of Monte Alban                       Demographi...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                               San Francisco History  In the year 1535 or 1536 the inhabitants of ...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                  On the second floor were the cells of the friars.The temple of San Francisco whi...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy  In 1948, Mr. Garci Crespo left the company and with his departure the companychanged its name to...
Alcantara Torres YeraldyThe competition grew and the city full of bottlers, bringing many jobs, which added  to the poultr...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                           Chile’s en nogada.  Ingredients for preparing Plato El Chile en nogada ...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                       MOLE         The mole is one of the most representative dis...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                      Barbecue   In Mexico, the term barbecue is mainly applied in...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                    MEMELAS  The "memela" is a variant of tortillas and poblano is...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                            The history of Enchiladas   They are without doubt one of the dishes m...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                However, Enchiladas   are not registered until the nineteenth cent...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                  The tamaleThe tamale is the generic name given to a number of in...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                DESCRIPTION   The mural was painted by the brothers Carpinteyro or...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                     : "The Origin"” In the mural tells the origin of life from th...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                 "Mixtec Region"  In the second mural shows the Mixteca region loc...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                   Valley Region In the fourth wall you can see the Valley region,...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldy                                  Mountain RegionThe mural shows the mountain region, located nort...
Alcantara Torres Yeraldyhttp://historiademexicosaeti01.blogspot.mx/http://www.turismo.tehuacan.gob.mx/circuitos.phpwww.teh...
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  1. 1. Esc. Sec.Gen.Ing.Jorge L. Tamayo Student´s name: Yeraldy Alcantara Torres Teacher’s name: Brenda Yamel Zenteno Buitron
  2. 2. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Dedication With love and appreciation, I dedicate this work to my dear Jessica Torres Ruiz who made me Apollo for the completion of my studies 2
  3. 3. Alcantara Torres YeraldyJustifiedThe present investigation was justified as it allows information to be used to increase efficiency and analyze all productive and nonproductive elements 3
  4. 4. Alcantara Torres YeraldyGLIPH OF TEHUACANThis is the currently accepted glyph city of Tehuacán. It is based on the work of Felipe Francos 1946 Geographic Indonimia Puebla State, same as inferred from the word Teohuacan, ie instead of gods or the sun.(Fromm "La Fortaleza del Cerro Colorado Tehuacán Puebla," Gálvez Mauricio Rosales)The glyph is interpreted as follows: At the bottom you can see a gum with teeth, which means "place". The album is a solar symbol, or sacred. Hence, to be known as Tehuacán "City of Gods", "Place of those gods", "Place of those with God" or more currently "Sun City". 4
  5. 5. Alcantara Torres YeraldyTEHUACAN SHIELDTehuacan is located in the southwestern part of the state of Puebla (Mexico), its meaning as Fray Juan de Torquemadas "City of Gods", "Land of Gods" or "place of those who have God" and is derived from the Nahuatl teo : God hua: his or her and can: place. Also known as "Tehuacán of Pomegranates" or as the "First Latin American Hydro mineral Center", also known as "Tehuacán, city health 5
  6. 6. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy LocationPuebla is one of the 32 states of Mexico. It is located in the central-eastern Mexico.Bordered on the east by the state of Veracruz, on the west by the states ofHidalgo, Mexico, Tlaxcala and Morelos and south by the states of Oaxaca andGuerrero 6
  7. 7. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Tehuacan is a city, municipality and municipal seat located in the southeast of the Mexican state of Puebla, located 130 km from the city of Puebla, 257 kilometersfrom Mexico City and 321 km from the city of Oaxaca, at an altitude of 1676 meters above sea level where the climate and semi warm 7
  8. 8. Alcantara Torres YeraldyThe bottling of our products has deep roots. He started in the city of Tehuacan,Puebla, universally known as City Health. This water comes from the melting of thePico de Orizaba ("Citlaltepetl"), which over many kilometers underground, isenriched with mineral salts (carbonates, chlorides, sulfates, calcium, sodium, etc..)And purified to calcareous seep through the ground in the region.Knowing the virtues and fame of the mineral waters, Mr. José Maria Garci Crespode la Vega and Carlos Silva, founded in June 1928 the company "Springs ofTehuacan, SA" whose objective was to bottle and distribute bottled water inMexico. In November 1937, the company changed its name to "Garci CrespoSprings, SA", and two years later opened the first dealership in the Valley ofMexico.The continued growth of the group was based on fixed asset investment, keyacquisitions and partnerships with other companies, which has served to developstrategies thereof. To mention some acquisitions: in 1993 "A & W", "Squirt" and"Vernors" in 1995, "Crystal Light", "Orange Crush", "Dr. Pepper "and" 7up ", whichform our extensive list of brands.On May 7, 2008, Cadbury Schweppes announced the divestment of beveragesand confectionery. With this process, the company took the name of Dr. PepperSnapple Group (DPSG) and became an independent public company listed on theStock Exchange of New York with the acronym DPS. In Mexico, the business takesits brand name and is called Group leader Peñafiel. 8
  9. 9. Alcantara Torres YeraldyLine of time 2000-1501 First settlements on the Pacific coast of Chiapas. Valley farmers groups tehucan sentadisarse start, settling along the Salt River. They camps throughout the year, occupying 1000m2, with a population of around 300 inhabitants 1500 to 1401 a. C. That settled the Olmec at three Zapotes. Building on the river terraces and numerous tumuli Hueyapan, some of which reach 15 meters. Groups settled near streams in the valley of Tehuacán, Cultures Ajalpan begin. 1400-1301A. C. Creating a necropolis in Tantric. appear in the figures, mostly female, ceramic Occupation bar in the Pacific Coast Cultural phases begin. Long land in Oaxaca and Huasteca Pavón coast. Ceramics in Tlapalcoya Culture Tlalpan in Antillano Culture El Trapiche 1 Cempoala Moyotzingo Culture in Puebla Cultural phase Coapexco Trade routes between Olmec and the Maya lowlands Jade Trade 9
  10. 10. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy 1100-1001 a. C. In Tabasco Construction begins on the Pyramid of Sale: a rounded base ceremonial center built on a marshy island Tonala River That establishes a colony in Pijijiapan Olmec. That farming terraces built in Zacatenco and Ticoman Trade and economic boom in the Valley of Etla (Oaxaca) Cacahuano cultural phase in Chiapas Cultural phase Nacaste San Lorenzo By 1050 a. C. arises in Central Mexico, the cultural phase pump 1000-901 a. C. In La Venta (Tabasco) Phase II begins, plenty of constructions and burial of precious jade, earrings etc. The Zapotecs use primitive show calendar, associating a glyph with a figure 100-199 d. C. Fortification of the ceremonial center of Becan in Campeche Phase III Monte Alban in Oaxaca. Reach 6 km2, with a population of 30,000.Making defense works in Monte Alban north and west of the square. Construction of irrigation canals in the east 200 A299 d. C. Origins of Mexica art, style appears Ñuiñe (tierra caliente) with orange ceramic with sculpted reliefs and urns with interlaced lines Trade between Teotihuacan and Monte Alban Construction of the citadel of Teotihuacan at about 1200 meters south of the Pyramid of the Sun Construction of the whoredoms of Becan in central Yucatan 10
  11. 11. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Inauguration of the platform south of Monte Alban Demographic growth Mayan centers 300 to 399d. C. Construction of major buildings in Teotihuacan: Pyramid of the Moon and The South pyramid temple known as Quetzalcoatl. Along with the Sun platform frame Camino de los Muertos. Appearance of Zapotec monuments, stelae with reliefs of warriors triumphant majestic 1901-2000 d. C. 1910-1917: Mexican Revolution. 1910: Francisco I. Madero revolutionary enacts a plan called Plan de San Luis. 1911: Enacts Zapata Emiliano Ayala plan. 1913: Victoriano Huerta betrays what that Madero called Ten Tragic. 1915: Venustiano Carranza is appointed President of the Republic. 1917: the new Constitution was proclaimed in 1917. 1926.1929: Cristero War. 1938 oil expropriation. 1957: That granting the vote to women. 1968: Student Movement of October 2. 1982: Nationalization of Banks. 1994: Zapatista Uprising in Chiapas. 2000: End one-party system (PRI). 2000: Takes the President of Mexico Vicente Fox Quezada (PAN) 11
  12. 12. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy San Francisco History In the year 1535 or 1536 the inhabitants of Tehuacán with the desire to have permanently assisted by the Franciscan friars who had to go to a temple andHuejotzingo convent built over an area of 10000 square meters at the foot of Cerro Colorado. In Calcahualco (Tehuacán old) began construction on a site chosen by the clergy themselves and who lived close to the main town and the road to Oaxaca and Guatemala. Twenty years later had to move to the current location by a malaria endemic problem had sick friars and the plague of ants and rattlesnakes that she was not allowed to progress. Although not known for sure the year of change the people, the order was given between 1569 and 1570 and in the early years of the eighties an earthquake caused the final change Tehuacán village to its present location. The former convent of San Francisco was completed in the sixteenth century. Next to the temple of San Francisco is located the former convent, after a fairly wide cobblestone courtyard.The gateway has two shields above anagrams, on the left has the letters JHS and a cross between them and the right has the letters MA entwined with a crown above them.In the keystone is another cross on a skull and up on the wall there are remains of wall paintings of angels playing flutes.As we crossed the porch in the corridor leading to the cloister you can see a niche that was originally an access to the temple and is currently placed the Virgin of Guadalupe. 12
  13. 13. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy On the second floor were the cells of the friars.The temple of San Francisco which houses the Diocesan Shrine Parish is located in the center of Tehuacán, is of a single ship, measuring 60 meters long and 10 wide (inside measurements) 18 meters high and 10 meters wide. The simple façade with a single arch with stone arch panels and the height of the choir has a double window, all painted white. It has a single tower of two bodies at one españada left without bell and bell right beside the main altar is a wooden altarpiece painted in white with gold poliglobal shaped apse of the church and ends in a shell-shaped niche at the top. Has shelves with sculptures of San Antonio de Padua, Santo Domingo, San Agustín and San Ignacio and up above is San Felipe de Jesus, the first Mexican saint, bracket that originally contained a large image in wood of St. Francis of Assisi. In the niches main altar is the statue of St. Francis of Assisi before the harbor of the Immaculate Conception. 13
  14. 14. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy In 1948, Mr. Garci Crespo left the company and with his departure the companychanged its name to "Springs Peñafiel SA". This name comes from the rock or rock that hinders the undercurrents, and leads to the springs. This rock has broughtforth water for many years remained faithful and immovable therefore proposed the name of Penafiel. Meanwhile Jose Garci Crespo decided to put a bottling with unique capital and founded in 1949 "Garci Crespo Embotelladora SA de CV It is among the decade of the 70s when 50sa fame mineral water has its peak Tehuacan, even globally and in those years the citys infrastructure grows, bybuilding luxury hotels and even one field golf, all under the sponsorship of powerful and bottlers 14
  15. 15. Alcantara Torres YeraldyThe competition grew and the city full of bottlers, bringing many jobs, which added to the poultry industry is also important in the area, made a strong generatorTehuacan resources for the state of Puebla. So we could find besides the leaders Peñafiel, Garci Crespo and San Lorenzo and irrigation others like Blue Label, Balseca (more famous for its Manzanita) or San Francisco from 1976 15
  16. 16. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Chile’s en nogada. Ingredients for preparing Plato El Chile en nogada (the most common name ischiles en nogada, plural, though usually served no more than a single Chile) is one of the typical dishes of Mexican cuisine, specifically the state Puebla.He has been called the "quintessential dish poblano Chile poblano is prepared witha filling stew and fruit picadillo, covered with nut cream, parsley and pomegranate, thus symbolizing the three colors of the flag of Mexico. Has been considered internationally one of the finest and most representative dishes of Mexican cuisine. 16
  17. 17. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy MOLE The mole is one of the most representative dishes of Mexican, especially for large celebrations. The origin of the mass is lost in legend or is at large Puebla convent kitchens of the Colony. In these convents strengthened and refined Mexican cuisine, it savored frequently to large civil and religious personalities Viceroyalty. There he enjoyed for the first time many of the dishes which ultimately gave fame to Mexican cuisine. Legend has it that once Juan de Pala fox, viceroy of New Spain and Archbishop of Puebla, visited his diocese, a convent poblano him gave a banquet, to which the cooks of the religious community strived especially. This popular legend was so popular that even Today, in the small villages, housewives rushed invoke the help the friar with the following verse: "San Pascual Bailon, stokes my fire". However, what is certain is that the mole is not the product of chance, but the result of a slow cooking process started from the time Hispanic and perfected, yes, in the Colony, when Cocinaw Mexicana was enriched with Asian and European elements. Each region in mole printed his own label and so emerged the mole poblano, Oaxaca black mole, mole Amarillito Southeast, the mole coloradito the Valley of Mexico, the rancher and the Plateau many others who amaze us both its complexity and its simplicity. 17
  18. 18. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Barbecue In Mexico, the term barbecue is mainly applied in reference to the traditional method of preparing various meats, whether sheep, cattle, goat and eventuallyrabbit, chicken, fish, deer and even iguana, which has been prepared cooking it in its own juice or steamed. While the method of cooking is basically pre-Columbian ingredients are used with Europeans came to the Americas. This also applies to the materials used in theirpreparation. Note that using cooking methods like in many other parts of the world.It is in central Mexico (in the territories of the states of Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, Querétaro and Mexico) where there is the method traditionally considered to be the most widespread, however in the various regions of Mexico there are a number of different methods .To prepare the barbecue oven is needed digging a pit about five feet deep, it must be covered with a layer of stones (preferably the bed of a watercourse), whichmust be heated yesterday. The selected meat, preferably a young ram (along with some parts of viscera in some recipes), should lightly seasoned, and usually wrapped in pads [1] of maguey. 18
  19. 19. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy MEMELAS The "memela" is a variant of tortillas and poblano is a traditional dish that has existed since pre-Hispanic times. According to historical texts, the memela as Franciscan missionary Fray Bernardino de Sahagun in their accounts of the sixteenth century, is an omelet cooked with chili-meaning native language, chile-and most of the towns and villages that preserve this food are descendants of the Chichimeca people, these natives were engaged since the development of these memelas. We later found that memelas described by the Spanish as a non-round rolls, but long, they call tlaxcalmimilli.Through the years this variant of the tortilla has prevailed in the diet of people and now this dish has retained its popularity and can find this in various places in the city. 19
  20. 20. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy The history of Enchiladas They are without doubt one of the dishes more rooted in traditional Mexican cuisine: each region has its own recipe with ingredients that are characteristic,which results in a range that spans more than three hundred types of Enchiladas in all of Mexico.The history of Enchiladas are traced as far back in time and is so intimately woven Mexican culinary traditions impossible precise. It is known that the tortillas andtacos were already part of the daily diet before the Spanish conquest and is known also their importance and chili sauces in Indian cuisine. It is therefore very likely that something very similar and the Enchiladas has existed since before the sixteenth century in the region of the Valley of Mexico. Of course, the recipe evolved with the arrival of European ingredients such as cheese, cream and pork, beef and chicken. 20
  21. 21. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy However, Enchiladas are not registered until the nineteenth century in some Mexican cookbooks.Actually, Enchiladas are a bit complicated dish: basically submerged in sauce andtortilla stuffed with meat or cheese, but in this simple description fit many nuances. They come in green, red, cream, with cream sauce or wrongly, mole and even mixed with chili tortilla dough, as in the case of potosinas Enchiladas. In turn, the firing processes and types of filler determined that these strains are divided into many more. 21
  22. 22. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy The tamaleThe tamale is the generic name given to a number of indigenous American dishes usually prepared with corn or cornmeal steamed, wrapped in leaves of the same plant cob corn or banana, bijao, maguey, avocado, Canak or even plastic foil. Take padding, which may contain meat, vegetables, chillies, fruits, sauces and other ingredients. Also can be sweet or savory. 22
  23. 23. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy DESCRIPTION The mural was painted by the brothers Carpinteyro originating in Tehuacán, beginning its development on November 2, 1983 and ending on February 12, 1984. The mural is reflected evolution of Tehuacan and five regions, from its founding to modern times. 23
  24. 24. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy : "The Origin"” In the mural tells the origin of life from the cell to the creation of living beings, the universe and nature. Cell: The fundamental basis of all living or non-living on earth. Science: from protozoa to mammals. The Universe: The brothers Carpinteyro espouse Masonic ideology whose fundamental basis is not in favor of politics, science, social class and economy, which is why the star painted and under 5 peaks appears that star treeAt the top of the tree is a crown that represents a God that does not exist under the crown is an eye that represents the God Ra, the most important of the Egyptianculture, in the center is the symbol of Yin -Yan, which in Chinese culture means the balance of good and evil.In the bottom of the tree is a woman pointing to the center of it and as the brothersCarpinteyro shows that at any time can upset the balance in the town of Tehuacan 24
  25. 25. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy "Mixtec Region" In the second mural shows the Mixteca region located southwest of the city of Tehuacán with populations: Zapotitlán, San Gabriel Chilac, San Jose Miahuatlán and Caltepec. Zapotitlan is exhibited as the place for a year to feed the goats that will be slaughtered for the traditional slaughter season, which starts in mid-October and ends in mid-November.The mural shows Saint Joseph Miahuatlán, as a people distinguished by its semi-desert climate, which prepares bread or bread round ass whose name is assigned by the peculiar form of consumption. 25
  26. 26. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Valley Region In the fourth wall you can see the Valley region, which is located at the tips of thenorth and southeast of the city of Tehuacán, which include the following population: Tehuacán, Ajalpan, Coxcatlán and Altepexi.The mural highlights the city of Tehuacán, which was recognized for its springs as the "First hydromineral center of Latin America." Also illustrated in the mural, the imprisonment of Don Benito Juarez and the way animals are sacrificed for the kill, like the ruins of Calvary and the Cathedral. 26
  27. 27. Alcantara Torres Yeraldy Mountain RegionThe mural shows the mountain region, located north of the town of Tehuacan andwhere populations are: San Antonio Cañada, Vicente Guerrero and Nicolás Bravo.In the mural plasma peculiarity of the area, as its extensive vegetation and wheremost of the inhabitants are engaged in the lumber yard. On one side of the mural highlights all companies that one way or another were an important part of the economy of the city, such as: San Lorenzo, Penafiel, Garci-Crespo, Irrigation,Water Tehuacan, San Francisco and Balseca . On the other side of the wall can be seen the famous San Bernardino Lagunas gaps. The past, present and future of Tehuacán "In the last mural illustrates the past, present and future of Tehuacan, in the view of the brothers Carpinteyro.This huge mural is located outside the Palacio Municipal de Tehuacán, with visiting hours from 8:00 to 20:00 pm every day of the week. 27
  28. 28. Alcantara Torres Yeraldyhttp://historiademexicosaeti01.blogspot.mx/http://www.turismo.tehuacan.gob.mx/circuitos.phpwww.tehuacan.mx/espanol/la-gastronomia-de-tehuacan.phpwww.tehuacan.com.mx/tag/comida-tipica/www.slideshare.net/.../comida-tipica-de-tehuacanwww.mexicodesconocido.com.mxwww.grupopenafiel.com.mx/grupo-peniafiel-historia.aspwww.grupopenafiel.com.mx/grupo-peniafiel-museo.aspwww.mexicodesconocido.com.mx/la-region-mixteca.htmlwww.canstockphoto.es/imagenes-fotos/tamales.htmlwww.phototvs.com/imagenes/tamales/www.mis-recetas.org/fotos/receta/178-mole-poblanowww.euroresidentes.com/Recetas/Cocina.../mole-poblano.htmwww.picsearch.es/imagenes/Viajes/Ciudades/...Z/Penafiel.htmlwww.grupopenafiel.com.mx/www.euroresidentes.com/Recetas/Cocina.../chiles-en-nogada.htmwww.tehuakan.blogspot.com/2009/08/parque-el-riego.html 28

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