Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply



Published on

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. GLAND HORMONE TARGET TISSUE RESPONSEPituitary Gland • Anterior Growth Hormone • Most tissues • Increases protein synthesis • Breakdown of lipids • Release of fatty acids from cells • Increases blood glucose levels Thyroid – stimulating • Thyroid Gland • Increases thyroid hormone secretion (thyroxine and Hormone (TSH) triiodothyronine) Adrenocorticotropic • Adrenal cortex • Increases secretion of glucocorticoid hormones such as Hormone (ACTH) cortisol • Increases skin pigmentation at high concentrations Melanocyte – stimulating • Melanocytes in skin • Increases melanin production in melanocytes to make the Hormone (MSH) skin darker in color Luteinizing Hormone (LH) • Ovary in females • Promotes ovulation and progesterone production in the or Interstitial cell • Testis in males ovary stimulating Hormone • Testosterone synthesis and support for sperm cell (ICSH) production in testis Follicle – stimulating • Follicles in ovary in • Promotes follicle maturation and estrogen secretion in ovary Hormone (FSH) females • Sperm cell production in testis • Seminiferous tubules in males Prolactin • Ovary and mammary • Stimulates milk production and prolongs progesterone gland in females secretion following ovulation and during pregnancy in • Testis in males women • Increases sensitivity to LH in males • Posterior Antidiuretic Hormone • KIdney • Increases water reabsorption (less water is lost as urine) (ADH) Oxytocin • Uterus • Increases uterine contractions • Mammary gland • Increases milk “let down” from mammary glandsThyroid Gland Thyroid Hormones • Most cells of the body • Increase metabolic rates • Thyroxine • Essential for normal process of growth and maturation • Triiodothyronine Calcitonin • Primarily bone • Decreases rate of bone breakdown • Prevents large increase in blood Ca2+ levels following a mealParathyroid Gland Parathyroid Hormone • Bone • Increases rate of bone breakdown by osteoclasts • Kidney • Increases vitamin D synthesis • Essential for maintenance of normal blood calcium levelsAdrenal Glands • Medulla Epinephrine mostly, some • Heart • Increases cardiac output Norepinephrine • Blood vessels • Increases blood flow to skeletal muscles and heart • Liver • Increases releases of glucose and fatty acids into blood • Fat cells • In general, prepares the body for physical activity • Cortex Mineralocorticoids • Kidneys • Increase rate of sodium transport into body (aldosterone) • To a lesser degree, • Increase rate of potassium excretion intestine and sweat • Secondarily favor water retention glands Glucocorticoids (cortisol) • Most tissues (e. g. liver, • Increase fat and protein breakdown fat, skeletal muscle, • Increase glucose synthesis from amino acids immune tissues) • Increase blood nutrient levels • Inhibit inflammation and immune response Adrenal androgens • Most tissues • Male sexual characteristics • Female sexual drive, pubic hair, and axillary hair growth
  • 2. Pancreas Insulin • Liver • Increases uptake and use of glucose and amino acids • Skeletal muscle • Adipose tissue Glucagon • Primarily liver • Increases breakdown of glycogen • Release of glucose into the circulatory systemReproductive organs • Testes Testosterone • Most tissues • Aids in sperm cell production • Maintenance of functional reproductive organs • Secondary sexual characteristics • Sexual behavior • Ovaries Estrogen and • Most tissues • Aid in uterine and mammary gland development and Progesterone function • External genitalia structure • Secondary sexual characteristics • Sexual behavior • Menstrual cycle • Uterus, Prostaglandins • Most tissues • Mediate inflammatory responses ovaries, and • Increase uterine contraction and ovulation inflamed tissuesThymus Gland Thymosin • Immune tissues • Promotes immune system development and functionPineal body Melatonin • At least the • Inhibits secretion of gonadotropin – releasing hormone, hypothalamus thereby inhibiting reproduction