Driver’s Education Class
Special Driving Situations
Prepared by Nansei Hansen
Contents
3,4 Parts of a car 31-35 Traffic Accidents
5 Moving Emergency Vehicle 36 Online links
6 What are Emergency Vehicl...
Parts of a Car
,13,14
1 license plate 9 dashboard
2 headlights 10 steering wheel
3 battery 11 ignition
4 hood 12 brake
5 windshield 13 ac...
MOVING EMERGENCY VEHICLE
What are Emergency Vehicles?
Other emergency vehicles
(tow trucks, highway
maintenance trucks, etc,.) that
are using a sir...
2) What you SHOULD do…
when an emergency vehicle using a siren and/or emergency
flashing lights is coming from any directi...
3) What you SHOULD NOT do
when an emergency vehicle using a siren and/or
emergency flashing lights is coming from any
dire...
What’s a stationary emergency
vehicle?
A stationary emergency vehicle is an emergency
response vehicle which has stopped
•...
Move-over law
When you are approaching a stationary vehicle
with flashing lights, you must
1.Reduce your speed to a respon...
Move-Over-Law
When Stopped by a Police officer
1. What you should do:
• Turn on your right turn signal, and pull over to
the right side ...
When stopped by a Police Officer
2. What you should do:
• Roll down your window as the officer walks
toward you
• Have you...
When Stopped by a Police Officer
What you SHOULD NOT do:
• Don’t ignore the officer’s signal
• Don’t stop your vehicle in ...
Driving Emergencies
1. Skidding
2. Running off the pavement
3. Flat tire, blowout, or wheel loss
4. Brake failure
5. Stuck...
1. Skidding
Skidding
• Slowly remove your foot from the gas pedal
and shift into neutral
• Don’t hit the brakes
• Turn you...
2. Running off the pavement
• Hold the steering wheel tightly
• Slowly remove your foot from the gas pedal.
• Gently apply...
3. Flat tire, blowout, or wheel loss
• Grip the steering wheel tightly
• Slowly remove your foot from the gas pedal
• Gent...
4. Brake failure
• Work your way to the lowest gear
• Apply the parking brake gently.
• Hold the brake release in case you...
5. Stuck gas pedal
• Put your car in neutral
• Press the brake pedal to slow down.
• Try to free the gas pedal with your f...
6. Vehicle approaching head-on
If a vehicle is driving toward you head-on in your
lane:
Slow down and pull to the right.
•...
7. Headlight failure
If your headlights go out:
• Turn on your parking lights, emergency
flashers, or turn signal
• Try th...
8.Stalling on Railroad Tracks
If your vehicle stalls on the railroad tracks:
• Get everyone out of the vehicle
• Move as f...
9.Breakdowns
• Move your vehicle to the side of the road
• On a highway, move your vehicle far from the
travel lane
• Turn...
10.Car catches fire
• Pull off the road
• Turn off the ignition
• Move away from the vehicle.
• Call the fire department, ...
11.Vehicle drives into water
• Unfasten your safety belt
• Escape through a window
• If you have power windows, open them ...
12. Driving through tunnels
1. If you are in an accident or a disabled vehicle:
• Pull to the side of the road
• Activate ...
Driving through tunnels
2. When entering a tunnel
• Turn on headlights
• Obey all signs and signals
• Listen to the radio ...
Driving through tunnels
3. In heavy traffic
• Listen to the radio for updates
• Keep a safe distance from other vehicles
•...
Driving through tunnels
4. If there’s a fire:
• Stop, turn off the engine, and exit your vehicle
• Leave your key in your ...
13.Traffic Accidents
If you are involved in an accident with property
damage:
• Move your vehicle off the road
• Exchange ...
Traffic Accidents
Within 5 days of the crash, you must file an
accident report with:
• The RMV
• Local police department
Y...
Traffic Accidents
Accident involving injuries:
• Check to see if anyone is injured
• Call the police and request an ambula...
14. Emergency first aid tips
• Don’t move an injured person
• Check to see if the person is breathing
• If not, begin perf...
Traffic Accident
• If you witness an accident:
1.If there’re police and/or emergency vehicles
2.there, don’t stop or slow ...
Useful Links
• Driving Ed Game
<https://driversed.com/games/drivers-ed-
game.aspx>
• Mass Registry of Vehicle
<http://www....
Travel Lane
Intersection
Tow Truck
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Driver's Ed for ESL

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Driver's Ed for ESL

  1. 1. Driver’s Education Class Special Driving Situations Prepared by Nansei Hansen
  2. 2. Contents 3,4 Parts of a car 31-35 Traffic Accidents 5 Moving Emergency Vehicle 36 Online links 6 What are Emergency Vehicles? 37 Travel Lane (pix) 7 What you should do 38 Intersection (pix) 8 What you should not do 39 Tow Truck (pix) 9 What’s a stationary emergency vehicle? 10,11 Move-over law 12-15 When Stopped by a Police officer 15-30 Driving Emergencies
  3. 3. Parts of a Car
  4. 4. ,13,14 1 license plate 9 dashboard 2 headlights 10 steering wheel 3 battery 11 ignition 4 hood 12 brake 5 windshield 13 accelerator/gas pedal 6 trunk 14 seat belt 7 gas tank 15 car seat 8 tire 16 side view mirror
  5. 5. MOVING EMERGENCY VEHICLE
  6. 6. What are Emergency Vehicles? Other emergency vehicles (tow trucks, highway maintenance trucks, etc,.) that are using a siren and/or emergency flashing lights Fire engines Police cars Ambulances
  7. 7. 2) What you SHOULD do… when an emergency vehicle using a siren and/or emergency flashing lights is coming from any direction: • Always yield the right-of-way to the emergency vehicles • Pull your car as close as possible to the right side of the road. • Check your mirrors (rear and side view mirrors) and find a safe place to pull over to the right
  8. 8. 3) What you SHOULD NOT do when an emergency vehicle using a siren and/or emergency flashing lights is coming from any direction: 1. Don’t pull over your car to the left. 2. Don’t slam on your brakes. 3. Don’t stop suddenly. 4. Don’t stop in the middle of an intersection 5. Don’t follow closer than 300 feet (7 cars@ 12 feet long each) behind an emergency vehicle
  9. 9. What’s a stationary emergency vehicle? A stationary emergency vehicle is an emergency response vehicle which has stopped • Parked fire trucks • Parked police cars • Parked disaster vehicles (highway maintenance vehicles such as tow trucks, ramp trucks, etc)
  10. 10. Move-over law When you are approaching a stationary vehicle with flashing lights, you must 1.Reduce your speed to a responsible and safe speed. 2.Keep one lane open between your vehicle and the stopped emergency vehicle if possible (on a highway) 3.Always be ready to stop when necessary.
  11. 11. Move-Over-Law
  12. 12. When Stopped by a Police officer 1. What you should do: • Turn on your right turn signal, and pull over to the right side of the road. • Put the car in park, and turn off the engine. • Stay in the vehicle. • If it’s dark, leave your headlights on and put the interior overhead light on.
  13. 13. When stopped by a Police Officer 2. What you should do: • Roll down your window as the officer walks toward you • Have your license and registration ready and give them to the officer when instructed • Keep your hands in plain sight and tell your passengers to do the same • Always be polite to the police officer
  14. 14. When Stopped by a Police Officer What you SHOULD NOT do: • Don’t ignore the officer’s signal • Don’t stop your vehicle in an intersection • Don’t stop your vehicle in front of a driveway • Don’t stop your vehicle in a travel lane • Don’t get out of the car unless the police officer tells you • Don’t present your license and registration in a wallet or holder
  15. 15. Driving Emergencies 1. Skidding 2. Running off the pavement 3. Flat tire, blowout, or wheel loss 4. Brake failure 5. Stuck gas pedal 6. Vehicle approaching head on 7. Headlight failure 8. Stalling on railroad tracks 9. Breakdowns 10. Car catches fire 11. Vehicle drives into water 12. Driving through tunnels
  16. 16. 1. Skidding Skidding • Slowly remove your foot from the gas pedal and shift into neutral • Don’t hit the brakes • Turn your steering wheel in the direction of the skid
  17. 17. 2. Running off the pavement • Hold the steering wheel tightly • Slowly remove your foot from the gas pedal. • Gently apply the brake to reduce your speed slowly • Check for the traffic behind you • Steer gently back onto the road
  18. 18. 3. Flat tire, blowout, or wheel loss • Grip the steering wheel tightly • Slowly remove your foot from the gas pedal • Gently apply the brakes • Don’t use the brake until you have the vehicle under control. • Pull your car off the road as soon as it’s safe.
  19. 19. 4. Brake failure • Work your way to the lowest gear • Apply the parking brake gently. • Hold the brake release in case your vehicle starts to skid • If you cannot slow your vehicle, sound your horn and flash your lights to warn drivers and pedestrians.
  20. 20. 5. Stuck gas pedal • Put your car in neutral • Press the brake pedal to slow down. • Try to free the gas pedal with your foot • If the gas pedal doesn’t release, reapply the brake • Keep your eyes on the road. • Pull your vehicle to the side of the road and stop.
  21. 21. 6. Vehicle approaching head-on If a vehicle is driving toward you head-on in your lane: Slow down and pull to the right. • Sound your horn to alert the other driver.
  22. 22. 7. Headlight failure If your headlights go out: • Turn on your parking lights, emergency flashers, or turn signal • Try the headlight switch a few times • Pull off the road as quickly as possible • Leave your emergency flashers on
  23. 23. 8.Stalling on Railroad Tracks If your vehicle stalls on the railroad tracks: • Get everyone out of the vehicle • Move as far from the tracks as you can You don’t know if a train is coming: • Roll down the window or open the door and listen for a train • Try to start your engine • Shift to neutral and try to push the vehicle off the tracks • Call the police immediately
  24. 24. 9.Breakdowns • Move your vehicle to the side of the road • On a highway, move your vehicle far from the travel lane • Turn on your emergency warning lights (flashers) • At night, turn on your vehicle’s Interior lights • Tie a white cloth to your antenna or door handle
  25. 25. 10.Car catches fire • Pull off the road • Turn off the ignition • Move away from the vehicle. • Call the fire department, emergency services, or the police
  26. 26. 11.Vehicle drives into water • Unfasten your safety belt • Escape through a window • If you have power windows, open them quickly • Do not open a door IF your vehicle sinks before you can get out: • Climb into the rear seat. An air pocket may form there • When the vehicle settles, take a deep breath and escape through the window Video
  27. 27. 12. Driving through tunnels 1. If you are in an accident or a disabled vehicle: • Pull to the side of the road • Activate your hazard flashing lights • Call 911 • Stay in your vehicle if it’s safe to do so • Wait for emergency personnel to help
  28. 28. Driving through tunnels 2. When entering a tunnel • Turn on headlights • Obey all signs and signals • Listen to the radio for traffic updates • Do not enter if you notice smoke near the entrance • Maintain a safe driving distance • Hazardous materials are prohibited, including propane
  29. 29. Driving through tunnels 3. In heavy traffic • Listen to the radio for updates • Keep a safe distance from other vehicles • Note the location of emergency exits • Follow the instructions of MassDOT officials state police, and message signs
  30. 30. Driving through tunnels 4. If there’s a fire: • Stop, turn off the engine, and exit your vehicle • Leave your key in your vehicle • Leave your stuff in your vehicle • Call 911 • Exit at the nearest tunnel exit/entrance
  31. 31. 13.Traffic Accidents If you are involved in an accident with property damage: • Move your vehicle off the road • Exchange name, address, driver’s license number, vehicle registration and insurance information with other driver. • If you damaged a parked vehicle or other property, you must notify local police
  32. 32. Traffic Accidents Within 5 days of the crash, you must file an accident report with: • The RMV • Local police department You must report any crash with $ 1,000 or more of property damage
  33. 33. Traffic Accidents Accident involving injuries: • Check to see if anyone is injured • Call the police and request an ambulance • Exchange name, address, driver’s license number, vehicle registration, and insurance information with other drivers • Notify the RMV and the local police department (death or $1000 or more of property damage) • Notify your insurance company
  34. 34. 14. Emergency first aid tips • Don’t move an injured person • Check to see if the person is breathing • If not, begin perfuming CPR (if you know how) • If the person is bleeding, put pressure directly on the wound (protect yourself from exposure to blood) • Cover the injured person with a blanket or coat
  35. 35. Traffic Accident • If you witness an accident: 1.If there’re police and/or emergency vehicles 2.there, don’t stop or slow down to see. If there’re no police or emergency vehicles: 1.Park your car off the road 2.Turn on your emergency flashlights 3.Call the police
  36. 36. Useful Links • Driving Ed Game <https://driversed.com/games/drivers-ed- game.aspx> • Mass Registry of Vehicle <http://www.massrmv.com/>
  37. 37. Travel Lane
  38. 38. Intersection
  39. 39. Tow Truck

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