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Michel Jerome Tankoana - Burkina Faso’s Experiences with Integrated Landscape Management

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Michel Jerome Tankoano, National Coordinator of PPC presents to the plenary of the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature in Africa Conference the experience of Burkina Faso with integrated landscape …

Michel Jerome Tankoano, National Coordinator of PPC presents to the plenary of the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature in Africa Conference the experience of Burkina Faso with integrated landscape management. The country faces some daunting development and environmental challenges, and has been striving to find synergistic solutions to both.

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  • 1. Burkina Faso’s Experiences with Integrated Landscape Management Michel Jerome Tankoano, National Coordinator of PPC July 2, 2014 World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi
  • 2. Land is essential to the people of Burkina Faso: • Source of revenue and employment for 85% of the population (agriculture, livestock, forestry) • Generates +60% of national riches Land in Burkina Faso is sick: • 34% of productive land is degraded • Degradation progresses at a rate of 360,000 ha per year Desertification and Land Degradation in Burkina Faso
  • 3. OUAGADOUGOU DORI OUAHIGOUYA DEDOUGOU FADA NGOURMA BOBO-DIOULASSO BOROMO PO GAOUA BOGANDE -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 600 600 600600 600 900 900 900 900 900 Légende Latitude(en°) Latitude(en°) Longitude (en°) Longitude (en°) 900 900 600 600 MIGRATION DES ISOHYETES 600 mm et 900 mm BURKINA FASO DIRECTION DE LA METEOROLOGIE 1931-1960 1951-1980 1971-2000 1961-1990 900 900 Climatic Causes Sahelian Climate Arid Zone 5 % Sudano-Sahelian Climate Semi-Arid Zone 69 % Sudano Climate Sub-humid Dry Zone 26 % Tendancy towards decreased spatio-temporal variability of rainfall between 1931-2000
  • 4. Anthropogenic Causes
  • 5. • Loss of land fertility • Disappearance of vegetation cover • Impoverishment of biological diversity • Accentuation of climate change • Food insecurity and poverty • Conflicts between land users • Land degradation and resulting inefficiencies cost 4.7% of GDP in 2008 • The costs of remediation are estimated 2.2% of GDP Consequences of Land Degradation
  • 6. Obstacles and Barriers to Sustainable Land Management (SLM) • Insufficient coordination • Land tenure insecurity • Weak capacity of actors • Deterioration of terms of economic exchange
  • 7. • Ratification of UNCCD (1996), UNCBD (1993), UNCCC (1993) • Elaboration of National Action Program for the Fight Against Desertification (PAN/LCD) (2000) • Elaboration of Environmental Plan for Sustainable Development (2004) • Revision of Strategic Framework for Fight Against Poverty (CSLP) (2003) to include environmental components • Recent adoption of a land tenure security law • Adoption of Rural Development Strategy (2003) • Contribution to environmental initiatives (PASR/CILSS, NEPAD/TerrAfrica, CEDEAO) • Soil and water conservation and agroforesty techniques developed/ tested • Adoption of National Program of Partnership for Sustainable Land Management (2006) Political, Legal and Technical Response
  • 8. National Partnership for SLM in Burkina Faso Program (CPP) Goal Fight land degradation and poverty through sustainable, decentralized and equitable management of rural resources Program Objective (15 years) Improve the productivity of rural resources in a sustainable way through an integrated and holistic approach, permitting Burkina Fason to meet its Millenium Development objectives related to reducing natural resource destruction
  • 9. Intervention sites in the first 5-year phase
  • 10. Expected Results – Phase 1 1. Platforms for dialogue at national, provincial and local levels 2. Institutional, political and regulatory reforms to develop a favorable framework for SLM 3. Land use techniques based on local knowledge and innovative practices 4. Actors with appropriate capacities and competencies 5. Good practices in SLM adopted and successful experiences replicated at a larger scale 6. Sustainable financing mechanism implemented 7. Exchange of SLM experiences and technologies with partners in the sub-region
  • 11. Leading Principals for the Program • Participation/responsabilization of stakeholders • Dialogue, negociation, planning and development of SLM tools implicating stakeholders through existaing platforms for dialogue • Guarantee equitable benefits for all actors (especially women) by providing secure and equitable access to land resources and decision-making • Partnership and subsidarity • Holistic, ecosystem or landscape approaches to management • Coordination of international aid and its efficient and transparent use
  • 12. Main Activities of the Program • 4 sub-programs • Capitilization of 55 SLM best practices in French and 4 national languages • 5000 local, reginal and central actors trained • Application of SLM best practices on 9000 ha • Implementation of National Observatory for Environment and Sustainable Development (www.onedd-burkina.info) • Adoption of a Methodological Guide on Management, Securization and Valuation of Pastoral Spaces and Landscapes • Adoption and execution of training plan and communication strategy
  • 13. • National and regional SLM platforms • 3 environmental education guides • Investment Strategy for SLM • Guide on integrating emerging themes into local planing tools • Contribution to regional SLM initiatives (e.g. Great Green Wall) • National policy and guide on management of humid zones • Support for the develpoment of UNCCD national reports Main Activities of the Program
  • 14. Main Activities of the Program
  • 15. SLM Agro-Sylvo-Pastoralists FR
  • 16. FR
  • 17. FR
  • 18. Results of Program • Building of actors’ capacities • Regeneration of degraded land for agro-sylvo-pastoral usage • Reduction of soil erosion • Improvement of physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and soil fertility • Augmentation of water • Augmentation of infiltration capacity and water retention of soil • Reduction of water stress of plants related to climatic variability • Improvement of agricultural prodcution • Reduction of pressure on ecosystems or landscapes and conservation of biodiversity
  • 19. Results of the Program • Increase in the availability of fodder • Improvement of animal productivity • Increase in the availability of forest products • Carbon sequestration • Limiting the effects of climate change through improved soil productivity • Reduction in vulnerability of cattle and humans related to the effects of climate change • Reduction of land use conflicts • Reduction of movement of cattle and humans to neighboring countries and the North
  • 20. The CPP is a SLM program that contributes to integrated landscape management, the conservation of biodiversity, the sequestration of carbon, food security and livelihoods, the decrease in climate change vulnerability, social peace, and the fight against migration. Taking into acount the important results of the pilot phase, contributions of technical and financial partners are solicited for the implementation of the second phase of the CPP to extend its experiences in the whole territory and continue to serve as a model country for the sustainable management of our local, national and international environment. Conclusion
  • 21. Rapport final de l'étude ONEDD 21
  • 22. Thank you! www.onedd-burkina.info

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