0
Richard Munang, PhD
Africa Regional Climate Change Coordinator
Regional Office for Africa –
United Nations Environment Pro...
WFP/
Judith Schuler
UNHCR Mauritania
Major findings from the AFRICAN ADAPTATION
GAP REPORT
The need for an integrated approach:
Agriculture, Water, Food, Energy
Major findings from the WORLD BANK’S TURN
DOWN THE HEAT REPORT
2 billion in Africa
Africa undernourished in 2050
25%
50%
85%
95%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Central Africa East Africa South...
The Future of African Food Secuirty?
13%
87%
Food
No food
Experts have warned that
if the current situation
persists, Afri...
Africa’s Potential
• The question is, given this scenario, is Africa’s
agricultural system ready to respond?
• Solutions t...
MDGs to SDGs- cross cutting solutions
2015
Watershed
Management
Agroforestry
Riverbank
Stabilization
Fishery
Management
Landslide
prevention
Terracing
New reforestat...
Rwanda
Before
Intervention
After
Intervention
Application of Landscape Approach with
EBA Techniques
4850 people in
saving/...
Undiversified
food sources
Deforested
mangroves
Soil erosion
Unsustainable
fishing practices
Flooding
10 ha of
mangroves
p...
A Paradigm Shift Needed
Food Insecurity
Ecosystem
Degradation
Food Security
Ecosystem
Rehabilitation/
Preservation
Policie...
Can Africa feed Africa?
Believe it!
 Communities across Africa are already building resilience to
climate change by stimu...
More information on Ecosystem-based
Adaptation methods for agriculture is available at
www.AAKNet.org
Thank You!
Richard Munang - The imperative for Landscape Approaches for Improved Food Security Climate Resilience in Africa
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Richard Munang - The imperative for Landscape Approaches for Improved Food Security Climate Resilience in Africa

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Richard Munang of UNEP remarks on the importance of an integrated landscape approach to national and international policy and action for food security in Africa, at the opening session of the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative website.

Published in: Environment, Business, Technology
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Transcript of "Richard Munang - The imperative for Landscape Approaches for Improved Food Security Climate Resilience in Africa"

  1. 1. Richard Munang, PhD Africa Regional Climate Change Coordinator Regional Office for Africa – United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  2. 2. WFP/ Judith Schuler
  3. 3. UNHCR Mauritania
  4. 4. Major findings from the AFRICAN ADAPTATION GAP REPORT
  5. 5. The need for an integrated approach: Agriculture, Water, Food, Energy
  6. 6. Major findings from the WORLD BANK’S TURN DOWN THE HEAT REPORT
  7. 7. 2 billion in Africa
  8. 8. Africa undernourished in 2050 25% 50% 85% 95% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Central Africa East Africa Southern Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa Southern Africa West Africa By 2050, even a change of about 1.2 to 2 degrees Celsius will have increased the number of the continent’s undernourished by 25% to 95%
  9. 9. The Future of African Food Secuirty? 13% 87% Food No food Experts have warned that if the current situation persists, Africa will be fulfilling only 13% of its food needs by 2050
  10. 10. Africa’s Potential • The question is, given this scenario, is Africa’s agricultural system ready to respond? • Solutions that address climate change, productivity, ecosystem services, biodiversity, water and nutrients are urgently needed and they do exist but in silos
  11. 11. MDGs to SDGs- cross cutting solutions 2015
  12. 12. Watershed Management Agroforestry Riverbank Stabilization Fishery Management Landslide prevention Terracing New reforestation in degraded areas Cultivation of local varieties Landscape Level Interventions
  13. 13. Rwanda Before Intervention After Intervention Application of Landscape Approach with EBA Techniques 4850 people in saving/credit cooperatives 462 ha of Terraces 789 ha of forest 73 km of Water Access 2844 ha of pasture 96% forest loss Degraded watershed Soil nutrient loss and lost crop productivity High population density
  14. 14. Undiversified food sources Deforested mangroves Soil erosion Unsustainable fishing practices Flooding 10 ha of mangroves planted 70 crab cages built Ecosystem rebound Sustainable fishery management Rebounding fish population 2 fish farming ponds created Mozambique Application of Landscape Approach EBA at Seascape
  15. 15. A Paradigm Shift Needed Food Insecurity Ecosystem Degradation Food Security Ecosystem Rehabilitation/ Preservation Policies that do not promote landscape approaches Landscape -based Policies • Current food security policies continue to focus on the same three issues – agricultural productivity, trade and macro-economic policies– all of which have an array of diverse actors seeking often unsustainable and sometimes opposed goals while neglecting the central role of ecosystem management.
  16. 16. Can Africa feed Africa? Believe it!  Communities across Africa are already building resilience to climate change by stimulating their existing ecosystems.  What is needed is to bring these isolated success stories to scale, to make them the rule rather than the exception.  This is the only way that Africa will be able to achieve the envisaged food secured society, in which its population does not experience the fear of want.
  17. 17. More information on Ecosystem-based Adaptation methods for agriculture is available at www.AAKNet.org Thank You!
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