Masterclass: Pinot Noir, presented by Tom Carson

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Masterclass: Pinot Noir, presented by Tom Carson

  1. 1. Pinot Noir Tom Carson 23 rd September, 2010 Landmark Australia Tutorial
  2. 2. <ul><li>History – Australia </li></ul><ul><li>James Busby and the first cutting of Clos Vougeot clone, December 1831 </li></ul><ul><li>Pinot Noir beginnings 1970’s and 1980’s </li></ul>History
  3. 3. World’s Top Dozen – Time Magazine 18/02/80 <ul><li>Château Petrus: Seductive red, exquisite bouquet </li></ul><ul><li>Château Lafite-Rothschild: Rich, mellow, perfumed </li></ul><ul><li>Château Mouton-Rothschild: Strong and dark great staying power </li></ul><ul><li>Château Haut-Brion: Great distinction and power, long maturing and lasting </li></ul><ul><li>Romanée-Conti: Spicy, warm and velvet smooth. The most sought after wine </li></ul><ul><li>Chambertin - Clos de Beze: At it’s best this Burgundy outshines its neighbouring Chambertins </li></ul><ul><li>Georges de Latour Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon: Magnificent wine, ranks with the best of the old world </li></ul><ul><li>Vega Sicilia: Great distinction when aged properly </li></ul><ul><li>Tyrell’s Vat 6 Hunter River Pinot Noir: A rich superb wine able to stand in comparison with the greats of the Cote de Nuits </li></ul><ul><li>Le Montrachet: The greatest white wine in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Château d’Yquem: Incredibly rich, incomparable dessert wine </li></ul><ul><li>Ayler Herrenberg Beerenauslese: A German wine with all the depth of a great Sauternes </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>There are many strongly held beliefs that Pinot Noir can only achieve greatness by growing it on a site which as closely as possible mimics the conditions in Burgundy </li></ul>The Enigma of Burgundy and Pinot Noir
  5. 5. <ul><li>Many experts believe you must have all of the below to produce quality Pinot Noir: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continental Climate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limestone based soils </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cold climate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very Northerly (or Southerly) Latitude </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Old Vines >50 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selection Massale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>If this were the case, nowhere else in the world would be suitable </li></ul><ul><li>Every ‘terrior’ is unique by definition! </li></ul>Assumptions
  6. 6. <ul><li>Continental climate </li></ul><ul><li>Maritime climate </li></ul><ul><li>Altitude </li></ul><ul><li>Latitude </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Summation – Heat Degree Days (HDD) </li></ul>Climate
  7. 7. Climate Data – Regions in the Zone Region MJT(oC) HDD <ul><li>Cote D’or-Burgundy (Dijon) 19.6 1223 </li></ul><ul><li>Yarra Valley(18.6) 19.5 1227 </li></ul><ul><li>Mornington Peninsula 19.2 1435 </li></ul><ul><li>Gippsland 18.7 1294 </li></ul><ul><li>Macedon Ranges 18.5 1072 </li></ul><ul><li>Adelaide Hills 17.7 1160 </li></ul><ul><li>Tasmania-Southern 17.3 1017 </li></ul><ul><li>Central Otago-NZ 16.7 838 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pinot Noir Climate Data Mornington Peninsula Yarra Valley Macedon Ranges South Gippsland East Coast Tasmania Southern Tasmania Central Otago Willamate Valley Cote D'or # Wineries 61 148 59 19 10 34 114 275 n/a Vineyard Area-Ha 940 3800 203 195 234 481 1522 3860 9631 Pinot Noir Area-Ha 433 839 55 54 105 216 1196 3417 6594 % of region Pinot Noir 46% 22% 27% 28% 45% 45% 79% 89% 68% Pinot Noir Production(1,000's Cases) 193 315 14.4 11.5 16.2 78.6 563 1,309 3,399                     Growing Season Rainfall (mm) 386 597 367 530 142 359 535 323 429 Growing Season Rain days 63 69 79 77 41 89 57 64 90 MTWM (degrees C) 19.2 18.2 18.5 18.7 16.9 17.3 16.7 19.2 20 Heat Degree Days 1435 1227 1072 1294 1024 1017 838 1205 1189 Growing Season Ave Mean Temp 16.8 15.9 15.1 16.2 14.9 14.8 13.8 15.6 15.4 Growing Season Daily Range 5.2 6.2 6 5.9 10.4 4.6 11.1 5.2 5.7 Continentality 9.8 10.9 12.7 10.3 8.5 10.5 12.6 15.3 18.1 LTI 417 406 416 402 303 311 251 278 247 Growing Season Sunshine Hours 1420 1490 1629 1384 1492 1423 1388 1660 1449 Latitude 38 13' S 37 45'S 37 35'S 38 38'S 42 57'N 42 53'S 45 03'S 45 32'N 47 16'N Elevation 20-250 50-400 350-700 83 8 50-175 200-450 47-150 150-300
  9. 9. <ul><li>Regions, Sub-regions, and Individual Vineyard sites </li></ul><ul><li>Subtle variations; wind direction, sun exposure, soil type, soil depth, slope, aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Australia is on the way to achieving this depth of knowledge of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Terrior doesn’t mean the wine should taste of dirt </li></ul>Regional Diversity
  10. 10. Planting Data – Pinot Noir Region ha % of Region <ul><li>Cote D’or – Burgundy (Dijon) 6594 68% </li></ul><ul><li>Yarra Valley 839 22% </li></ul><ul><li>Mornington Peninsula 433 46% </li></ul><ul><li>Gippsland 54 28% </li></ul><ul><li>Macedon Ranges 55 27% </li></ul><ul><li>Adelaide Hills 588 33% </li></ul><ul><li>Tasmania 321 45% </li></ul><ul><li>Central Otago-NZ 1196 79% </li></ul><ul><li>Australia 4400 2.6% </li></ul>
  11. 11. Major Pinot Noir Clones in Australia Clone Origin Description <ul><li>MV6 Clos Vougeot Small bunches, concentrated, great structure Busby Sel Excellent colour, most preferred in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>D4V2 Pommard Small Bunches, high colour, very structured UC Davis Can be quite tannic </li></ul><ul><li>D5V12 UC Davis Improves with age, better for sparkling wine </li></ul><ul><li>D2V5 UC Davis Sometimes herbal and thin, can over crop </li></ul><ul><li>G5V15 UC Davis Good colour, can crop high, big bunches Kept under control can be excellent </li></ul><ul><li>114 Dijon Early ripening, good aromatics, structure OK </li></ul><ul><li>115 Dijon Early ripening, excellent colour/aromatics </li></ul>
  12. 12. Major Pinot Noir Clones in Australia Clone Origin Description <ul><li>667 Dijon Newer import, promising quality vines still young </li></ul><ul><li>777 Dijon Newer import, promising quality vines still young </li></ul><ul><li>Abel Dijon Newer import used extensively in NZ, very promising </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>2008 Mac Forbes – Woori Yallock, Yarra Valley, Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Mayer Vineyard, Yarra Valley, Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Farr Rising, Geelong, Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Garagiste, Mornington Peninsula, Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>2008 William Downie, Gippsland, Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Stefano Lubiana, Tasmania </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Curly Flat, Macedon Ranges, Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Yabby Lake Block 5, Mornington Peninsula, Victoria </li></ul>A taste of the past and a look into the future
  14. 14. <ul><li>Paringa Estate </li></ul><ul><li>Bass Phillip </li></ul><ul><li>Freycinet </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Bannockburn </li></ul><ul><li>Bindi </li></ul><ul><li>Coldstream Hills </li></ul>A look back at the pioneers

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