Landmark Tutorial Shiraz

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Landmark Tutorial Shiraz and Blends by Stephen Pannell

Landmark Tutorial Shiraz and Blends by Stephen Pannell

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  • 1. SHIRAZ & BLENDS Stephen Pannell 2 June 2009
  • 2.
    • Shiraz is Australia’s most widely planted and internationally important grape variety.
    • Australia has it’s own unique style of Shiraz.
    • Australia producers more than 400,000,000 bottles per annum.
    • Focused on Regionality of Australian Shiraz.
    • I have just 16 wines and 80 minutes to present Australian Shiraz.
      • Bracket 1 : 4 Museum Wines.
      • Bracket 2 : 7 Regional Wines.
      • Bracket 3 : 5 Blended Wines.
    A DAUNTING TASK
  • 3.
    • Brought to Australia in 1832 by James Busby.
    • “ S cyras, it is a very hardy plant, produces well and seems to be liable to no accident or disease.” J ames Busby.
    • First planted:
      • Sydney Botanical Gardens
      • Kirkton in the Hunter Valley
    • Widely planted in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia by the end of the 19th century.
    HISTORY OF AUSTRALIAN SHIRAZ
  • 4.
    • 1978 65,595 tonnes
    • 1988 47,954 tonnes
    • 1998 135,325 tonnes
    • 2008 441,950 tonnes
    • 2008 Chardonnay 428,082 tonnes
    • Source: Australian Wine & Brandy Corporation
    SHIRAZ PRODUCTION IN AUSTRALIA
  • 5.
    • Does Regionality exist in Australian Shiraz?
    • Is regionality more important than variety?
    • In the market place?
    • In the glass?
    • For our future?
    WHAT IS THE AIM OF THIS TASTING?
  • 6.
    • Chose wines that express regionality. Why?
    • Why is Regionality important?
      • It can never be copied!
      • Anyone anywhere can make alcoholic,okay,added tannin modern wine!
    • Criteria ‘In winemaking often it is harder to do nothing than something’ Gerard Potel 1999.
    • Chose wines where the winemaker or viticultural used techniques didn’t mask or diminish the expression of regional characters.
    • This is way we need to go in the future.
    • Rely more heavily on the quality of the grape.
    • Viticulture will become more important.
    WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THAT SHIRAZ?
  • 7.
    • 19 90 Craiglee Shiraz (Sunbury, Vic)
    • 19 91 Plantagenet Shiraz (Mount Barker, W.A.)
    • 19 91 Henschke Mount Edelstone Shiraz (Eden Valley, S.A.)
    • 1991 Wendouree Shiraz (Clare Valley, S.A.)
    BRACKET 1: OLD OR NEW SCHOOL?
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.
    • Luckily Mr Busby grabbed a good Shiraz clone.
    • Shiraz is a good sport.
    • Heritage selections done by Yalumba and SAVI.
    • Not much different other than Tahbilk Clone.
    • We have been complacent with regard to Shiraz clones.
    • 1654 is most widely planted and favoured clone.
    • Other Clones include PT23 (Vic), BVRC 12 & 30 and SAVI 17 & 19 clones.
    • Majority of our clones come from the same fertilizer trial in the Barossa Valley.
    • More money for Neville Farquhar.
    SHIRAZ CLONES
  • 13.
    • Improve the gene pool of Shiraz in Australia.
      • Bigger influence than clones
    • Little experience with rootstocks.
    • Shiraz Viticulture Experiments:
      • Planting density
      • Row width
      • Fruit wire height
    • Obsessed with small berry size and stress.
    • Leave large bud numbers at pruning, 50-100.
    • Uneven berry ripeness, green berry biggest issue.
    CULT OF THE WINEGROWER
  • 14.
    • 2006 Shaw and Smith (Adelaide Hills, S.A.)
    • 2006 De Bortoli Reserve Release (Yarra Valley, Vic)
    • 2006 Giaconda Warner (Beechworth, Vic)
    • 2006 Langhi Ghiran (Grampians, Vic)
    • 2006 Seppelt Mt Ida Vineyard (Heathcote, Vic)
    • 2006 Clarendon Hills Astralis (McLaren Vale, S.A.)
    • 2006 Charles Melton Grains of Paradise (Barossa, S.A.)
    BRACKET 2: SHIRAZ REGIONS
  • 15.
    • 100% varietal wines are king in the new world.
    • We lead the way with varietal labeling.
    • Modern varietal wines can be copied.
    • Australia has promoted brand variety.
      • More important than brand region.
    • Consumers think blends are just the leftovers of the varietal wines.
    • Making 100% varietal wines can be like painting with one colour.
    • Many 100% varietal wines are not.
    • Varietal wines in the old world are generally the exception, not the rule, why?
    • I don’t like Grenache but I like Châteauneuf du Pape.
    • Is our obsession with varietal labeling retarding the development of regionality in Australia?
    VARIETY OR REGION?
  • 16. BLENDED WINES, THE NEW BLACK!
    • Shiraz Viognier has been very popular.
      • A reaction by consumers to the blockbuster Shiraz?
    • Domestically alternative varieties are popular.
      • Sommeliers are looking for new interesting things.
      • Often blended with other wines to give them character.
    • Imported wine sales are growing in Australia, especially on premise.
      • Many of these wines are blended and from climates similar to ours.
    • Next step in the regional process will be a second tier of varieties that are suited to a region.
      • Malbec in the Clare Valley, long history.
      • Mataro/Mourvèdre in the Barossa, long history.
      • Grenache in McLaren Vale.
      • Cabernet Sauvignon in Langhorne and Coonawarra.
      • Tempranillo, Touriga etc have a bright future, where?
  • 17.
    • 5 blended wines
    • Don’t be scared not a test.
    • Can you pick other variety?
    • Can you pick the region?
    • Can you pick the producer?
    • One wine shows Australia’s strongest terroir.
    • One wine is Australia’s most famous wine.
    • One wine is Australia brightest future Shiraz.
    • Is regional character ever stronger than varietal?
    BRACKET 3: BLIND BRACKET
  • 18.
    • 20 06 Clonakilla Shiraz Viognier (Canberra, A.C.T.)
    • 20 06 SC Pannell Shiraz Grenache (McLaren Vale, S.A.)
    • 20 06 Spinifex Indigene Shiraz Mataro (Barossa, S.A.)
    • 20 06 Wendouree Shiraz Malbec (Clare Valley, S.A.)
    • 20 04 Grange Shiraz Cabernet (Barossa 85%, McLaren 14%)
    BRACKET 3: SHIRAZ BLENDS