Landesa - Land Rights 101
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Landesa - Land Rights 101

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Find out why land rights matter

Find out why land rights matter

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Landesa - Land Rights 101 Landesa - Land Rights 101 Presentation Transcript

  • The Case for Land Rights
  • The Case for Land Rights 2
  • The Case for Land Rights 3
  • Why Do Secure Land Rights Matter? Landlessness is one of the best predictors of poverty Traditional poverty In rural India,15 alleviation efforts million extremely (micro-credit, poor families are education) largely landless bypass landless poor The Case for Land Rights 4
  • Why do Secure Land Rights Matter? Control over the land you farm leads to economic opportunity Macro economic When the land you growth across till belongs to you, whole communities your individual and and countries family assets bypass landless increase poor The Case for Land Rights 5
  • Why do Secure Land Rights Matter? Weak land rights facilitate “land grabs” Without legal rights, poor rural families are at risk for land grabbing and displacement, making them more vulnerable to extreme poverty and malnourishment. The Case for Land Rights 6
  • Why do Secure Land Rights Matter? Women can be empowered through land rights When women and Women produce a girls have land majority of food in rights, health, the developing education and world, yet rarely earning power all own their own land improve The Case for Land Rights 7
  • What’s Preventing 1 Billion People from Having Secure Land Rights? Lack of Inadequate expertise legal or will to framework implement an existing framework The Case for Land Rights 8
  • What Effective Land Rights Look Like• Legally and socially recognized• Well-defined• Enforceable• Long-term• Transferrable• Withstand changes in the structure of families and communities• Equal for women and men The Case for Land Rights 9
  • Impact of Land Rights for FamiliesLegal rights to land helps break generational poverty cycles Improved health and nutrition Increases access to credit Lower birth rates Increased productivity and investment Bolsters status and empowerment, especially for women Enables greater access to education The Case for Land Rights 10
  • Impact of Land Rights for Societies Land helps unlock the power of the market Stronger economic growth Increased food Regional and production national security Environmental Gains in health stewardship and education Less conflict The Case for Land Rights 11
  • Landesa’s Work40 Years. 40 Countries. 400 Million People Benefited. The Case for Land Rights 12
  • Landesa’s ApproachAssist Implement Monitor and• Invited to assist • Partner with Evaluate• Research problems, in governments • Initial diagnostic coordination with local • Develop and scale pilots assessments in the field officials • Legal aid and • Track govt• Develop specific awareness implementation solutions • Training • Evaluate outcomes for• Policy assistance families Throughout our work, we advocate for and champion the cause of land rights as a key lever to alleviate extreme rural poverty within the international development sector. The Case for Land Rights 13
  • What Makes Landesa’s Work Distinctive andEffective Economic Opportunity Structural Security Women Change Durable The Case for Land Rights 14
  • Case Study: ChinaIn the past 30 years thegreatest poverty reductionsuccess in human historyhas occurred in China.What was driver?Rural land rights reform inearly 1980s.> 300 million ruralChinese pulledthemselves out ofpoverty in first six yearsafter land rights reform. The Case for Land Rights 15
  • Case Study: MicroplotsBackground• A microplot is a plot of land often the size of a tennis court owned by a family• Through decades of research, Landesa determined that a family could climb out of poverty on 1/10th of an acre of land.• Landesa and its partners have distributed microplots to families in:  2010 – 124,000 in India  2011 – 129,000 in India; 1,500 in PakistanAdvantages of a smaller sizeScalable: Government can purchase anddistribute land to more families The Case for Land Rights 16
  • Case Study: MicroplotsBenefits of microplots• Sustainable model• Improved nutrition• Supplemental income• Asset against shocks• Status• Access to public services, especially education• Better environmental stewardship Microplot given to Naleswar and Mamata of• Scalable Dorko Village in West Bengal, India. The Case for Land Rights 17
  • Our Strategic Goal: 20 Million More Familieswith Legal Rights to Land by 2015 The Case for Land Rights 18
  • Our Strategy and Focus • Microplots, tenancy reform, legal aid India • Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Odisha • Partnership with national government on policy reform China • 30-year land tenancy provisions have reached 200 million families • Projects underway in Kenya, Uganda andSub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, Liberia, Ghana and Mali • Landesa Center for Women’s Land RightsWomen and Girls • Using our voice to increase awareness and Advocacy action among international development experts The Case for Land Rights 19
  • New OpportunitiesWomen’s India China AfricaLand Rights • Expand micro • Establish a Land • Rwanda Land land ownership Registration Pilot Tenure• Implementation in three states project Regularization of Women’s • Grow existing Program Land Rights research • Establish Centre in capabilities Landesa office Odisha, India around 17 (likely Uganda) province survey Advocacy The Case for Land Rights 20
  • Thank You The Case for Land Rights 21