Perspectives on Urban Sustainability and the Evaluation of Geo-ICT for Land Governance Diego Navarra, PhD

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Perspectives on Urban Sustainability and the Evaluation of Geo-ICT for Land Governance, Diego Navarra, PhD. Presentation to the Working Party on Land Administration 2012, UNECE, London: …

Perspectives on Urban Sustainability and the Evaluation of Geo-ICT for Land Governance, Diego Navarra, PhD. Presentation to the Working Party on Land Administration 2012, UNECE, London: http://www.landregistry.gov.uk/announcements/2012/unece-conference-2012

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  • http://yosemite.epa.gov/EE/epa/eed.nsf/webpages/btworkshop.html/$file/bt_workshop_proceedings.pdfImpacts on land and soil Climate change and related water stress are having, and will in future continue to have, impacts on land and soil around the world, including in Europe. The rural environment, meaning natural habitats, agricultural land and forests is under a variety of pressure, much of it anthropogenic, which is magnified by climate change stress. Climate change and associated changes in water regimes are predicted to be particularly damaging to natural ecosystems, which are already under tremendous pressure from human land use requirements, pollution, and resource exploitation and are thus degraded and vulnerable to begin with. Natural Ecosystems Deserts face conflicting influences under climate change: potentially seeing more vegetation with higher CO2 levels, but overall facing increases in drought and warmer temperatures. As ecosystems in deserts are already in a fragile environment, impacts could be severe. Grasslands are influenced by precipitation – even where increased, seasonal variability is important, and declining summer rainfall could be damage grassland fauna. Mediterranean ecosystems are diverse and vulnerable, susceptible to changes in water conditions. Even in the range of 2 degree warming, 60-80% of species may be lost in the Southern Mediterranean, while the Cape Fynbos in South Africa may lose 65% of its species. Tundra/arctic: with greater warming at the poles, the loss of permafrost and the potential for methane release is a major concern Mountains are seeing shortened and earlier snow and ice melt and related changes in flooding. At higher altitudes, increased winter snow can lead to the opposite problem of delayed snow melt. Wetlands will be negatively affected where there is decreasing water volume, higher temperatures and higher-intensity rainfall. http://www.waterlink-international.com/download/whitepaper_uploadfile_1.pdfEnvironmental - Social - Economichttp://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/researchhighlights/2012/R1.pdf page 44The project produced a concept of an EcoCity to be built in Miaofeng Mountain Town in Mentougou District Beijing, and suggestionsfor implementation of the concept as long-term development. The feasibility study combined Chinese and Finnish expertise and experiences with sustainable communities.
  • Climate and energy through energy savings, locally produced sustainable energy and efficient use of fossil fuels, the CO2 emissions within the city are reduced.Mobility and air quality. Amsterdam will be an accessible city on condition that our transport system is sustainable.Sustainable innovative economy. (Inter)national companies choose our city because doing sustainable business in Amsterdam is worthwhile.Materials and consumers. Amsterdam is a liveable city where citizens and companies use raw materials in an effective way, live and act in a sustainable way and where the municipal organisation itself demonstrates this approach.http://www.sustainablecities2012.com/images/uploads/documents/SC2012.pdfP 27
  • Melting Arctic sea-ice and shipping routeshttp://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/09/melting-arctic-sea-ice-and-shipping-routes`

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  • 1. Perspectives on Urban Sustainability and the Evaluation of Geo-ICT for Land Governance Diego Navarra, PhD UNECE – WPLA Conference Supporting Global Economic Recovery: The Role of Land Registration Authorities London 10-13th October 2012 Title: to modify choose View then Heater12/10/2012 1 and footer
  • 2. Likely Scenarios if Climate Change Continues12/10/2012 Diego Navarra, CERISDI – Summer School ‘Territorial Analysis and Planning’ 2 25 July 2012
  • 3. Context • Urban areas influence various types of global environmental changes, affecting land use and cover, biogeochemical cycles, hydrosystems and biodiversity. • Urban areas contribute significantly to climate change (the world’s 20 large cities consume 80% of the world energy with urban areas generating 80% of the greenhouse gas emission worldwide). • More than 1/3 of CO2 emissions within the EU are directly caused by residential and commercial buildings.12/10/2012 3 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 4. Broad Urban Sustainability Evaluation Issues (Environmental, Social, Economic) Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 5. Nordic Case Studies on Urban Sustainability • OULU – a smart arctic • Swedish SymbioCity cleantech city Concept: there are potential The City of Oulu is already a synergies in urban functions leader in Finland in energy that can be combined for efficient building increased efficiency and construction and city profitability. A holistic planning. Currently approach to urban planning construction is one of the can save money, time and biggest investment sectors in Oulu; more than 90 per resources. If you treat the cent of new houses use low urban functions as parts of energy building principles. the same system 1+1 can The goal is that all new easily add to more than 2. houses will be passive houses by 2015, using zero energy building principles, and carbon neutral by 2020.12/10/2012 5 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 6. Nordic Case Studies on Urban Sustainability • Eco-efficient Tampere Since the launch of the ECO2 • Sustainable urban transport in Denmark project, the emphasis on climate Underlining the bicycle’s strong position in the and energy issues in the city has Danish transport system is a deliberate grown steadily. The eco-efficiency integration of cycling into transport policies of new urban plans is assessed and urban planning by Danish comprehensively and energy municipalities. Thus, cycling is an integral system analyses in new areas are part of infrastructure development in cities made. All new buildings in and towns with continuous investments in Tampere have to be at least bicycle lanes and bicycle parking. The Danish energy class A from the beginning Government has a clear ambition to further of 2012. Finland’s first passive increase the use of bicycles. An ambitious energy daycare centre started its cycling policy was launched in January 2009 operation in Tampere in the as part of a larger green transport beginning of 2012. A new agreement. information centre for energy efficiency in construction and housing was opened in 2011.12/10/2012 6 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 7. Role & Significance of the Cadastre? Source: Williamson, Enemark, Wallace, Rajabifard, 201012/10/2012 7 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 8. Measuring Urban Sustainability:the Amsterdam Sustainability Index
  • 9. GEO-ICT & Land Governance Ontwikkelen praktijkrichtlijn op basis van ISO 19117 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, And many,2012 10-13 October many more ....
  • 10. Evaluation of Geo-ICT for Land Governace Inter-disciplinary Value for Public Sector Illustrative Geo-ICT Perspectives View on geo-information Governance? Applications Urban and regional SDSS for spatial planning and decision making, GIS for economics simulation of different types public good which can be of land use, GIS based tool to improve coherence between used to discipline the spatial spatial and environmental structure of the urban Efficiency, effectiveness, policies, visualization of economy sustainability different planning scenarios Techno/legal/ standardisable, formal and LIS for zoning and spatial quantitiave way to mediate planning decisions, future managerial landscape development, e- spatial knowledge land administration for automation of land registration process, provision of digital land records, electronic conveyancing Efficiency, effectiveness, systems and electronic legitimacy, privacy registration systems, SDI Geographic and contingent, informal, GIS for land administration, Information Systems qualitative and prone to SDI, E-Government and all the manipulations Legitimacy, equity, above mentioned examples of Sciences sustainability Geo-ICT12/10/2012 10 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 11. Evaluation Criteria and Performance Impact IssuesUrban and Spatial Economics Techno/Legal/Managerial Geographic Information Systems SciencesEvaluation Geo-ICT Evaluation Criteria Geo-ICT Evaluation Criteria Geo-ICT PerformanceCriteria Performance Performance Impact Impact ImpactOperational Data acquisition Legal, Spatial decision Institutional and Capabilities,efficiency capability, data administrative and making involving organizational interactions, storage economic decision public contexts orientations and value capability, data making; aid for administration, distributions of Geo-ICT accessibility, planning and land private sector and citizens Interactions between Friendliness, response time development human agents in the transparency, Support for efficient production of geo- availability of services,Operational Adequacy of personalized and services relative and effective land informationeffectiveness citizen-centered to need, quality, markets services and specificity, accessibility availability Systematic collection, updating, Development and use Input indicators, output processing and of Geo-ICT indicators, usageProgram Quicker distribution of data indicators, impacteffectiveness decision making indicators and and space Maximisation of environment indicators allocation, government adequate Citizen-public sector efficiency and coverage (level interaction, protection effectiveness in geo- and scale, of legal rights and information based conflicts improved standard of service delivery 12/10/2012 resolution health, safety and well- 11 Diego Navarra, CERISDI – Summer School ‘Territorial Analysis and Planning’ Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012 25 July 2012 being
  • 12. The Hammarby ModelBiofuel Environmentally Friendly Electricity District Heating & Cooling Biosolids Biosolids Purified waste water Organic waste Biogas Waste water Rain water Drinking water Hazardous and electrical waste
  • 13. Concluding Remarks Common denominators of successful European experiences: • An integrated administration system based on advanced Geo- ICT, consideration of the environment in budgets and excellent planning, reporting and monitoring. • A dynamic approach to model possible areas of environmental impact or improvement. • Institutional arrangements, legal frameworks, fiscal incentives, processes, standards and models. • Last but not least, the networking of stakeholders at different levels (i.e. city, region and national) for the promotion of welfare and development and the extendibility of these networks to interact in collaborations on a global scale.12/10/2012 13 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
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  • 15. 15Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 16. European R&D Funding Initiatives • EU-Russia FP7 • European CO2 Capture, Transport & Storage Initiative • European Electricity Grid Initiative • Solar Europe Initiative • European Wind Initiative • European Industrial Bio-energy Initiative • Smart Cities Initiative • Etc.12/10/2012 16 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012
  • 17. Thank you Any questions? diego@studionavarra.co.uk www.studionavarra.co.uk Tel.:+447509107805 Skype: diegonavarra12/10/2012 17 Diego Navarra, WPLA - UNECE – London, 10-13 October 2012