HardwoodandSoftwood<br />FIBRE<br />EARLYWOOD TRACHEIDS<br />VESSEL<br />LATEWOOD TRACHEIDS<br />RAY CELLS<br />RAY CELLS<br />refers to the water-conducting cells in a living tree from which timber comes, and not the hardness or softness of the wood itself. <br />You can see the differences between the cells when you look at wood samples though a microscope. <br />
Blackbutt - Eucalyptus pilularis<br />Blackbutt is a hardwood<br />WOOD CHARACTERISTICS<br />HEARTWOOD:<br />Pale brown with a faint tinge of pink<br />SAPWOOD:Distinctively paler than the heartwood<br />TEXTURE:Medium and even<br />GRAIN:Usually straight but occasionally slightly interlocked<br />Gum veins are common<br />
Blackbutt - Eucalyptus pilularis<br />Trees to timber<br />Different sections of the Blackbutt tree are used to make different products<br />RESIDUE<br />PULPWOOD<br />firewood<br />paper products, hardwood/masonite<br />LOW QUALITY SAWLOG<br />HIGH QUALITY SAWLOG<br />fencing, landscaping, pallets, railway sleepers<br />veneer, flooring, wharf piers, structural beams, house framing, flooring, joinery, telegraph poles<br />
Blackbutt - Eucalyptus pilularis<br />Applications<br />CONSTRUCTION<br />Unseasoned used in general house framing, fascia and barge boards<br />ENGINEERING<br />Wharf & bridge construction, railway sleepers, poles, piles. <br />Seasoned used for dressed cladding, internal and external flooring, lining and joinery. <br />Also in fencing, landscaping & retaining walls. <br />OTHERS<br />DECORATIVE<br />Boat building, agricultural machinery, structural plywood, hardboard, making paper (particularly fine writing and printing paper). <br />Internal quality furniture, outdoor furniture, turnery, parquetry. <br />
Radiata Pine - Pinus radiata<br />Radiata pine is themost widely grown exotic species in the world. <br />It grows up to 10 times faster than most eucalypts.<br />
Radiata Pine - Pinus radiata<br />In NSW, radiata pine is grown in plantations around Bathurst, the snowy mountains and the southern highlands.<br />Forests NSW is the largest producer of plantation grown radiata pine in Australia, selling enough timber to construct about 25% of the houses built in Australia each year.<br />
Radiata Pine - Pinus radiata<br />Radiatapine is a softwood<br />WOOD CHARACTERISTICS<br />HEARTWOOD:<br />Reddish brown, varying to shades of yellow<br />SAPWOOD:Wide and not always clearly distinguishable visually<br />TEXTURE:Relatively fine but uneven<br />Distinct growth rings<br />Knots are usually present in construction timber grades<br />
Trees to timber<br />Which parts of the Radiata pine tree are used to make the different products?<br />PULPWOOD<br />RESIDUE<br />firewood<br />Radiata Pine - Pinus radiata<br />Reconstituted timbers, paper products and preserved timbers<br />LOW QUALITY SAWLOG<br />HIGH QUALITY SAWLOG<br />House framing, decking, panelling, fencing, landscaping, flooring, joinery and furniture<br />Feature grade joinery and furniture, bearers, joists, select flooring veneer, benchtops<br />
CONSTRUCTION<br />Applications<br />Radiata Pine - Pinus radiata<br />Houseframing, flooring, lining, joinery, mouldings, and laminated beams. <br />ENGINEERING<br />Preservative impregnated poles for pole frame construction, transmission poles and land poles.<br />When impregnated with preservative it may be used for fencing, pergolas, landscaping and domestic decking.<br />OTHERS<br />DECORATIVE<br />Structural plywood, scaffold planks, icecreamsticks, paper products, particleboard, and medium density fibreboard.<br />Furniture, outdoor furnishings, plywood, joinery, turnery, carving.<br />
Why use wood?<br />Wood is a natural, renewable material that can help tackle climate change. <br />Growing trees absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store the carbon so efficiently that about half the dry weight of a tree is carbon. <br />The carbon remains locked up for the life of the wood, even when it is used for building products or furniture. <br />
Forest management in NSW State forests is certified to the internationally recognised Australian forestry standard. <br />2011 is the International Year of Forests. Celebrate NSW State forests and all they offer. <br />Visit us at<br />www.industry.nsw.gov.au/forests<br />
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