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The Importance Of Dairy Farming By Jessica Archibald (Cream of the Crop entrant)

The Importance Of Dairy Farming By Jessica Archibald (Cream of the Crop entrant)



Jessica shows us around a beautiful dairy farm and introduces us to some of the careers linked with this industry.

Jessica shows us around a beautiful dairy farm and introduces us to some of the careers linked with this industry.



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    The Importance Of Dairy Farming By Jessica Archibald (Cream of the Crop entrant) The Importance Of Dairy Farming By Jessica Archibald (Cream of the Crop entrant) Presentation Transcript

    • The Importance of Dairy Farming and How It Effects Our Every Day Life Featuring Property of R.E AND C.J BARTZ LOWOOD QLD By Jessica Archibald
    • Lets get started Hi I’m Jess I’m in yr 9 and I am 15 yrs old. I do Ag at Mullum High I am studying the dairy industry.
    • Why dairying matters? To answer the questions: ‘Why dairy farming matters and why it is important to every day life’ I went to visit a dairy farm to find out what’s involved. I’ve always wondered how milk gets from a cow to my kitchen table.
    • The Farm Come with me to check out a dairy farm.
    • The process of milking. • The cows are rounded up to the dairy for milking.
    • The dairy • Cows are let into both sides to be milked. • This is a Herring Bone system
    • Milking • suction cups are put on the cows udders to get the milk out.
    • Milking cont… • After all the milk has been sucked out of the cows udder the cups are taken off and the cows teats are sprayed with a disinfectant to prevent infection.
    • Good Hygiene • After the whole row of cows have been milked and had their teats sprayed they are let out and the next lot of cows are brought in.
    • Cleaning Up • After all the cows have been milked, the dairy is then washed out and the milk lines cleaned.
    • Wondering where all the milk is now?
    • Milk Vat • It is stored in the refrigerated vats until the milk truck arrives to collect it.
    • • The dairy after the milking is finished.
    • Why do breeds matter in the dairy industry?
    • Breeds of Dairy Cattle Good breeding matters because you want good quality milk and lots of it so you just can’t milk any random cow. • Some breeds are: – Jersey – Holstein Friesian – Brown Swiss – Guernsey – Illawarra – Ayrshire
    • Jersey • This is a jersey and she can produce a higher level of butter fat and protein in her milk than other breeds.
    • Holstein Friesian • This is a Holstein Friesian who has the capacity to produce more milk that all the other breeds.
    • Brown Swiss • This is a Brown Swiss. • This breed originated from Switzerland • They are not as common in Australia as other breeds.
    • Guernsey • This is a Guernsey bull. • Guernsey’s are similar to Jerseys but are a lot bigger.
    • Illawarra •This is an Australian Illawarra dairy heifer •Illawarra’s originated in the Illawarra region of NSW from three different breeds.
    • Ayrshire • This breed originated in South-west Scotland • They are medium-sized and white mixed with red or brown in colour.. Ayrshire Bull
    • • Pastures are an important part of dairying as cows need to eat, and the grass provides the energy for the cows to make milk.
    • The farmers usually grow other types of grasses like rye, oats, Lucerne or corn to help improve the quality and quantity of milk cows produce.
    • Ryegrass is perfect for winter • This is rye grass and is a good winter feed. • A lot of grasses don’t grow in winter and can be effected by frost.
    • Lucerne is very water efficient but… • Grazing on Lucerne has to be carefully monitored, cows can bloat and die.
    • Like this cow • .
    • Winter feed If you haven’t much grass you will need to supply the cows with some other type of forage. Like this barley hay .
    • Forage for the dry times This barley hay is cut and stored in the hay shed for winter, when pasture is in short supply.
    • • If have access to water you can irrigate your pastures to supplement rainfall.
    • Time Consuming Irrigating can be hard work and includes: • Moving pipes • Finding a water source • Remembering to turn off the water if it’s not on an automatic timer.
    • Types of Irrigators • There are different types of irrigation systems eg: spray lines, boom irrigators, centre point pivot, lateral mover, hard hose, soft hose. • This is a spray line irrigator
    • The calves
    • • Calves are taken off their mothers within the first week they are born and hand raised.
    • Why?
    • • The calves are quieter to handle when they get older • Their mothers produce more milk than the calf can drink. • So they don't get in the road when their mothers are being milked
    • • This calf is one day old. • It has to be taught how to suck from a bucket • You do this by putting your fingers in the milk and letting the calf suck from them.
    • Fast learners • In no time at all they’re drinking from the buckets.
    • What else is left to do on the farm?
    • Lets take a look
    • Jobs to be done As well as milking the cows, rearing the calves and looking after pastures there is also: • fences to be maintained • Cows to be vaccinated, ear tagged, de-horned … • Driving tractors and using different machinery • water troughs and yards to clean out • The training and care for working dogs (if you choose to have them)
    • Fencing • Fences are very important for keeping the cows in or out. • If the fences are down or broken, they need to repaired straight away.
    • Vaccination • Cows need to be vaccinated to lesson the risk of getting serious diseases and conditions like for tick fever in QLD.
    • • Ear tagging is important so you can easily identify cows apart from each other and so you know what cow is what. It’s kind of like naming cows with numbers
    • Dehorning & Disbudding • Horns are usually removed when they are calves. • Cows with horns can be dangerous and cause injuries to other cows or people.
    • Machinery • Tractors and machines are very important on the farm and are used for a variety of different things; from sowing and ploughing paddocks to lifting and carrying heavy objects like tree stumps.
    • Dogs and Farming • Working dogs are good pets and make the herding of cows easier. • You can either train them yourself (which is lots of fun) or buy one that is already trained.
    • Water for cows • Water troughs need cleaning out to get rid of all the algae, scunge and grass dropped in the water. • This is important as cows need clean water to stay healthy
    • Drenching • Cleaning out yards and pens is another job that has to be done because poo has E coli, worms and parasites in it. • If a cow eats a parasite they can breed in the cows intestine and make the cow sick. • Regular drenching of the cows is important to.
    • Farming is a busy lifestyle • Wow! there's a lot more to dairy farming than what I thought. • Lets take a look at the social, environmental and economic implications.
    • Economy Australia makes a lot of money by exporting milk products to other countries. • Australia exports around 50% of its milk production each year and the other 50% is keep in Australia. • With good economic growth prospects increasing demand for dairy products.
    • Employment • The dairy industry creates many different jobs, not just for the dairy farmers • For every person employed in the dairy industry another 4 jobs are created in the community.
    • What kind of jobs are there?
    • Types of jobs There are: • Vets • Farm hands • Truck drivers • Farm managers • Manufactures • Factory workers
    • But wait there's more
    • • Dairy Scientists • Dairy Technologists • Marketing Personnel • Occupational Health and Safety Managers • Microbiologists
    • Any of those interest you?
    • Farm to Fridge • Hey! Remember all that milk in the vat? Here’s the truck driver to pick it up and take it to the factory for processing.
    • At the factory • At the factory milk is tested, pasteurized (kills bacteria), homogenised ( to prevent the cream separating and settling on top). • Milk is then sent through a processing line and bottled. • Milk is then transported in refrigerated trucks to supermarkets and other shops.
    • Products The dairy industry provides us with many different products, not just milk. Items that contain milk products: • Flavoured milk, Condensed milk, Butter, Yogurt, Cheese, Cream, Chocolate, chips , cakes, biscuits and many packet and processed foods to give that extra yummy flavour. • most importantly without milk we would have no ice-cream!
    • Environment • Most dairy farmers live on their farm so they care for the land, water and air. • Rain water is used for crops, and to fill dams. • After milking, the dairy is washed out and all the cow poo goes into a tank and is spread as a fertiliser. • Farm facilities must follow and meet Government and environmental regulations.
    • How much milk is produced every year? • Australia dairy farmers will produce 9 Billion litres of milk in 2009 • Volume each year depends on climatic conditions and rainfall.
    • Why dairying is important • Dairy farming is very important because it gives us quality products and employs many people. It is important for our dairy industry to be sustainable and viable. • The dairy industry affects me because I eat lots of dairy products every day for breakfast, lunch and dinner. • And as you can see from my trip around the farm, there is a lot involved in getting the milk from the cow to the kitchen table.
    • Credits • http://www.dairyextension.com.au/edit/Conference/SNAPSHOTS%20YOUR%20MIL K%20YOUR%20MARKETS.PD • http://blogs.das.psu.edu/tetherton/wp-content/uploads/Glass-of-milk- 2009.png • http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2059/2103104626_72040a79df.jpg?v=0 • http://www.mbfarviewfarm.com/images/Dairy- Goats/Registered%20Devon%20Dairy%20Cow%20Named%20Ge mini.jpg • http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/files/jpg/DF-Milk-cartons-on- shelf2.jpg • http://www.floridamilk.com/about-dairy-farming/about-dairy-foods/ • http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/aboutus/studentpack/fromcowtoc onsumer/
    • Credits cont… • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/images/previews/p_math/p_math_ec_01018_16x9.jpg • http://www.mapleviewfarm.com/newsstories/061204DH3.JPG • http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/monthwithoutplastic/blog_milk94bbc.jpg • http://www.treehugger.com/cadbury-milk-chocolate.jpg • http://www.australianmajestictours.com/dairyfarm.jpg • http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/5930088/2/istockphoto_5930088-cute-dairy- cow-vector-illustration.jpg • http://images.google.com.au/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4ADBR_enAU331AU331&um=1&q=cute+carto on++cows&sa=N&start=20&ndsp=20
    • This is a Jessica Archibald Presentation for the 2009 Cream of the Crop Competition