The Importance of Dairy
Farming and How It Effects
   Our Every Day Life
  Featuring Property of R.E AND C.J BARTZ LOWOOD ...
Lets get started
Hi I’m Jess
 I’m in yr 9
   and I am
  15 yrs old.
I do Ag at
    Mullum
      High
    I am
   studying
...
Why dairying matters?
To answer the
 questions:
   ‘Why dairy farming
  matters and why it
  is important to
  every day l...
The Farm
Come with
 me to
 check out
 a dairy
 farm.
The process of milking.
• The
  cows are
  rounded
  up to the
  dairy for
  milking.
The dairy
• Cows
  are let
  into both
  sides to
  be
  milked.
• This is a
  Herring
  Bone
  system
Milking
• suction
  cups
  are put
  on the
  cows
  udders
  to get
  the
  milk
  out.
Milking cont…
• After all the milk
  has been
  sucked out of
  the cows udder
  the cups are
  taken off and
  the cows t...
Good Hygiene
          • After the
            whole row of
            cows have
            been milked
            and ...
Cleaning Up
• After all
  the cows
  have been
  milked, the
  dairy is
  then
  washed
  out and
  the milk
  lines
  cle...
Wondering
where all the
milk is now?
Milk Vat
• It is stored
  in the
  refrigerated
  vats until
  the milk
  truck
  arrives to
  collect it.
• The dairy after the milking is finished.
Why do breeds
 matter in the
dairy industry?
Breeds of Dairy Cattle
Good breeding matters because you want good
quality milk and lots of it so you just can’t milk any
...
Jersey
• This is a
  jersey and
  she can
  produce a
  higher level
  of butter fat
  and protein
  in her milk
  than ot...
Holstein Friesian
• This is a Holstein
  Friesian who has
  the capacity to
  produce more
  milk that all the
  other bre...
Brown Swiss
• This is a Brown
  Swiss.
• This breed
  originated from
  Switzerland
• They are not as
  common in Australi...
Guernsey
• This is a
  Guernsey
  bull.

• Guernsey’s
  are similar
  to Jerseys
  but are a lot
  bigger.
Illawarra
•This is an
Australian
Illawarra dairy
heifer

•Illawarra’s
originated in
the Illawarra
region of NSW
from three...
Ayrshire
•   This breed
    originated in
    South-west
    Scotland
•   They are
    medium-sized
    and white
    mixe...
NEXT STOP THE PASTURES
• Pastures are
  an important
     part of
   dairying as
  cows need to
   eat, and the
      grass
  provides the
 energ...
The farmers usually grow other types of
grasses like rye, oats, Lucerne or corn to
 help improve the quality and quantity ...
Ryegrass is perfect for winter
• This is rye
  grass and is
  a good
  winter feed.

• A lot of
  grasses
  don’t grow in
...
Lucerne is very water efficient
             but…
• Grazing on
  Lucerne
  has to be
  carefully
  monitored,
  cows can
 ...
Like this cow
• .
Winter feed
If you haven’t
       much
    grass you
   will need to
    supply the
    cows with
   some other
     type ...
Forage for the dry times
This barley hay
    is cut and
  stored in the
  hay shed for
  winter, when
  pasture is in
  sh...
• If have access to water you can irrigate
  your pastures to supplement rainfall.
Time Consuming
Irrigating can be hard work and includes:

• Moving pipes
• Finding a water source
• Remembering to turn of...
Types of Irrigators
• There are different
  types of irrigation
  systems eg: spray
  lines, boom irrigators,
  centre poi...
The calves
• Calves are
  taken off
  their mothers
  within the
  first week
  they are born
  and hand
  raised.
Why?
• The calves are
  quieter to
  handle when
  they get older

• Their mothers
  produce more
  milk than the
  calf can dr...
• This calf is
  one day
  old.

• It has to be
  taught how
  to suck
  from a
  bucket

• You do this
  by putting
  you...
Fast learners
• In no time at all they’re drinking from the
  buckets.
What else is left
 to do on the
    farm?
Lets take a
    look
Jobs to be done
As well as milking the cows, rearing the calves and looking
  after pastures there is also:

   •   fences...
Fencing
• Fences are
  very important
  for keeping the
  cows in or out.

•    If the fences
    are down or
    broken, ...
Vaccination
• Cows need to be
  vaccinated to
  lesson the risk of
  getting serious
  diseases and
  conditions like for
...
• Ear tagging is
  important so
  you can easily
  identify cows
  apart from
  each other
  and so you
  know what
  cow ...
Dehorning & Disbudding
• Horns are
  usually
  removed when
  they are calves.
• Cows with
  horns can be
  dangerous and
...
Machinery
• Tractors and
  machines are very
  important on the farm
  and are used for a
  variety of different
  things;...
Dogs and Farming
• Working dogs
  are good pets
  and make the
  herding of cows
  easier.
• You can either
  train them
 ...
Water for cows
• Water troughs
  need cleaning
  out to get rid of
  all the algae,
  scunge and
  grass dropped in
  the ...
Drenching
• Cleaning out yards and pens is another job that
  has to be done because poo has E coli, worms
  and parasites...
Farming is a busy lifestyle
• Wow!
  there's a lot
   more to dairy
   farming than
   what I thought.

• Lets take a
  lo...
Economy
Australia makes a lot of money by exporting
 milk products to other countries.

• Australia exports around 50% of ...
Employment

• The dairy industry creates many
  different jobs, not just for the dairy
  farmers
• For every person employ...
What kind of
 jobs are
  there?
Types of jobs
There are:

•   Vets
•   Farm hands
•   Truck drivers
•   Farm managers
•   Manufactures
•   Factory workers
But wait
 there's
  more
• Dairy Scientists
• Dairy Technologists
• Marketing Personnel
• Occupational Health and Safety
  Managers
• Microbiologis...
Any of those
interest you?
Farm to Fridge
• Hey! Remember all that milk in the vat?
  Here’s the truck driver to pick it up and
  take it to the fact...
At the factory
• At the factory milk is
  tested, pasteurized
    (kills bacteria),
  homogenised ( to
  prevent the cream...
Products
The dairy industry provides us with
  many different products, not just
  milk.

Items that contain milk products...
Environment
•   Most dairy farmers live on
    their farm so they care for
    the land, water and air.

•   Rain water is...
How much milk is produced every
             year?
• Australia dairy
  farmers will produce
  9 Billion litres of milk
  i...
Milk one of life’s everyday essentials

     NEARLY
EVERYONE EVERY
  DAY USES MILK
  WHETHER IT’S A
 GLASS OF MILK, A
 BOW...
Why dairying is important
•   Dairy farming is very important because
    it gives us quality products and employs
    man...
Credits
•   http://www.dairyextension.com.au/edit/Conference/SNAPSHOTS%20YOUR%20MIL
    K%20YOUR%20MARKETS.PD

•   http://...
Credits cont…
•   http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/images/previews/p_math/p_math_ec_01018_16x9.jpg

•   http://www....
PLATINUM   GOLD   SILVER




                  BRONZE   MEDIA SPONSOR
This is a
     Jessica Archibald
    Presentation for the
            2009
Cream of the Crop Competition
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The Importance Of Dairy Farming By Jessica Archibald (Cream of the Crop entrant)

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Jessica shows us around a beautiful dairy farm and introduces us to some of the careers linked with this industry.

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The Importance Of Dairy Farming By Jessica Archibald (Cream of the Crop entrant)

  1. 1. The Importance of Dairy Farming and How It Effects Our Every Day Life Featuring Property of R.E AND C.J BARTZ LOWOOD QLD By Jessica Archibald
  2. 2. Lets get started Hi I’m Jess I’m in yr 9 and I am 15 yrs old. I do Ag at Mullum High I am studying the dairy industry.
  3. 3. Why dairying matters? To answer the questions: ‘Why dairy farming matters and why it is important to every day life’ I went to visit a dairy farm to find out what’s involved. I’ve always wondered how milk gets from a cow to my kitchen table.
  4. 4. The Farm Come with me to check out a dairy farm.
  5. 5. The process of milking. • The cows are rounded up to the dairy for milking.
  6. 6. The dairy • Cows are let into both sides to be milked. • This is a Herring Bone system
  7. 7. Milking • suction cups are put on the cows udders to get the milk out.
  8. 8. Milking cont… • After all the milk has been sucked out of the cows udder the cups are taken off and the cows teats are sprayed with a disinfectant to prevent infection.
  9. 9. Good Hygiene • After the whole row of cows have been milked and had their teats sprayed they are let out and the next lot of cows are brought in.
  10. 10. Cleaning Up • After all the cows have been milked, the dairy is then washed out and the milk lines cleaned.
  11. 11. Wondering where all the milk is now?
  12. 12. Milk Vat • It is stored in the refrigerated vats until the milk truck arrives to collect it.
  13. 13. • The dairy after the milking is finished.
  14. 14. Why do breeds matter in the dairy industry?
  15. 15. Breeds of Dairy Cattle Good breeding matters because you want good quality milk and lots of it so you just can’t milk any random cow. • Some breeds are: – Jersey – Holstein Friesian – Brown Swiss – Guernsey – Illawarra – Ayrshire
  16. 16. Jersey • This is a jersey and she can produce a higher level of butter fat and protein in her milk than other breeds.
  17. 17. Holstein Friesian • This is a Holstein Friesian who has the capacity to produce more milk that all the other breeds.
  18. 18. Brown Swiss • This is a Brown Swiss. • This breed originated from Switzerland • They are not as common in Australia as other breeds.
  19. 19. Guernsey • This is a Guernsey bull. • Guernsey’s are similar to Jerseys but are a lot bigger.
  20. 20. Illawarra •This is an Australian Illawarra dairy heifer •Illawarra’s originated in the Illawarra region of NSW from three different breeds.
  21. 21. Ayrshire • This breed originated in South-west Scotland • They are medium-sized and white mixed with red or brown in colour.. Ayrshire Bull
  22. 22. NEXT STOP THE PASTURES
  23. 23. • Pastures are an important part of dairying as cows need to eat, and the grass provides the energy for the cows to make milk.
  24. 24. The farmers usually grow other types of grasses like rye, oats, Lucerne or corn to help improve the quality and quantity of milk cows produce.
  25. 25. Ryegrass is perfect for winter • This is rye grass and is a good winter feed. • A lot of grasses don’t grow in winter and can be effected by frost.
  26. 26. Lucerne is very water efficient but… • Grazing on Lucerne has to be carefully monitored, cows can bloat and die.
  27. 27. Like this cow • .
  28. 28. Winter feed If you haven’t much grass you will need to supply the cows with some other type of forage. Like this barley hay .
  29. 29. Forage for the dry times This barley hay is cut and stored in the hay shed for winter, when pasture is in short supply.
  30. 30. • If have access to water you can irrigate your pastures to supplement rainfall.
  31. 31. Time Consuming Irrigating can be hard work and includes: • Moving pipes • Finding a water source • Remembering to turn off the water if it’s not on an automatic timer.
  32. 32. Types of Irrigators • There are different types of irrigation systems eg: spray lines, boom irrigators, centre point pivot, lateral mover, hard hose, soft hose. • This is a spray line irrigator
  33. 33. The calves
  34. 34. • Calves are taken off their mothers within the first week they are born and hand raised.
  35. 35. Why?
  36. 36. • The calves are quieter to handle when they get older • Their mothers produce more milk than the calf can drink. • So they don't get in the road when their mothers are being milked
  37. 37. • This calf is one day old. • It has to be taught how to suck from a bucket • You do this by putting your fingers in the milk and letting the calf suck from them.
  38. 38. Fast learners • In no time at all they’re drinking from the buckets.
  39. 39. What else is left to do on the farm?
  40. 40. Lets take a look
  41. 41. Jobs to be done As well as milking the cows, rearing the calves and looking after pastures there is also: • fences to be maintained • Cows to be vaccinated, ear tagged, de-horned … • Driving tractors and using different machinery • water troughs and yards to clean out • The training and care for working dogs (if you choose to have them)
  42. 42. Fencing • Fences are very important for keeping the cows in or out. • If the fences are down or broken, they need to repaired straight away.
  43. 43. Vaccination • Cows need to be vaccinated to lesson the risk of getting serious diseases and conditions like for tick fever in QLD.
  44. 44. • Ear tagging is important so you can easily identify cows apart from each other and so you know what cow is what. It’s kind of like naming cows with numbers
  45. 45. Dehorning & Disbudding • Horns are usually removed when they are calves. • Cows with horns can be dangerous and cause injuries to other cows or people.
  46. 46. Machinery • Tractors and machines are very important on the farm and are used for a variety of different things; from sowing and ploughing paddocks to lifting and carrying heavy objects like tree stumps.
  47. 47. Dogs and Farming • Working dogs are good pets and make the herding of cows easier. • You can either train them yourself (which is lots of fun) or buy one that is already trained.
  48. 48. Water for cows • Water troughs need cleaning out to get rid of all the algae, scunge and grass dropped in the water. • This is important as cows need clean water to stay healthy
  49. 49. Drenching • Cleaning out yards and pens is another job that has to be done because poo has E coli, worms and parasites in it. • If a cow eats a parasite they can breed in the cows intestine and make the cow sick. • Regular drenching of the cows is important to.
  50. 50. Farming is a busy lifestyle • Wow! there's a lot more to dairy farming than what I thought. • Lets take a look at the social, environmental and economic implications.
  51. 51. Economy Australia makes a lot of money by exporting milk products to other countries. • Australia exports around 50% of its milk production each year and the other 50% is keep in Australia. • With good economic growth prospects increasing demand for dairy products.
  52. 52. Employment • The dairy industry creates many different jobs, not just for the dairy farmers • For every person employed in the dairy industry another 4 jobs are created in the community.
  53. 53. What kind of jobs are there?
  54. 54. Types of jobs There are: • Vets • Farm hands • Truck drivers • Farm managers • Manufactures • Factory workers
  55. 55. But wait there's more
  56. 56. • Dairy Scientists • Dairy Technologists • Marketing Personnel • Occupational Health and Safety Managers • Microbiologists
  57. 57. Any of those interest you?
  58. 58. Farm to Fridge • Hey! Remember all that milk in the vat? Here’s the truck driver to pick it up and take it to the factory for processing.
  59. 59. At the factory • At the factory milk is tested, pasteurized (kills bacteria), homogenised ( to prevent the cream separating and settling on top). • Milk is then sent through a processing line and bottled. • Milk is then transported in refrigerated trucks to supermarkets and other shops.
  60. 60. Products The dairy industry provides us with many different products, not just milk. Items that contain milk products: • Flavoured milk, Condensed milk, Butter, Yogurt, Cheese, Cream, Chocolate, chips , cakes, biscuits and many packet and processed foods to give that extra yummy flavour. • most importantly without milk we would have no ice-cream!
  61. 61. Environment • Most dairy farmers live on their farm so they care for the land, water and air. • Rain water is used for crops, and to fill dams. • After milking, the dairy is washed out and all the cow poo goes into a tank and is spread as a fertiliser. • Farm facilities must follow and meet Government and environmental regulations.
  62. 62. How much milk is produced every year? • Australia dairy farmers will produce 9 Billion litres of milk in 2009 • Volume each year depends on climatic conditions and rainfall.
  63. 63. Milk one of life’s everyday essentials NEARLY EVERYONE EVERY DAY USES MILK WHETHER IT’S A GLASS OF MILK, A BOWL OF CEREAL, OR MILK PRODUCTS. MILK GIVES US CALCIUM TO KEEP OUR BONES TO STAY STRONG.
  64. 64. Why dairying is important • Dairy farming is very important because it gives us quality products and employs many people. It is important for our dairy industry to be sustainable and viable. • The dairy industry affects me because I eat lots of dairy products every day for breakfast, lunch and dinner. • And as you can see from my trip around the farm, there is a lot involved in getting the milk from the cow to the kitchen table.
  65. 65. Credits • http://www.dairyextension.com.au/edit/Conference/SNAPSHOTS%20YOUR%20MIL K%20YOUR%20MARKETS.PD • http://blogs.das.psu.edu/tetherton/wp-content/uploads/Glass-of-milk- 2009.png • http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2059/2103104626_72040a79df.jpg?v=0 • http://www.mbfarviewfarm.com/images/Dairy- Goats/Registered%20Devon%20Dairy%20Cow%20Named%20Ge mini.jpg • http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/files/jpg/DF-Milk-cartons-on- shelf2.jpg • http://www.floridamilk.com/about-dairy-farming/about-dairy-foods/ • http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/aboutus/studentpack/fromcowtoc onsumer/
  66. 66. Credits cont… • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/images/previews/p_math/p_math_ec_01018_16x9.jpg • http://www.mapleviewfarm.com/newsstories/061204DH3.JPG • http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/monthwithoutplastic/blog_milk94bbc.jpg • http://www.treehugger.com/cadbury-milk-chocolate.jpg • http://www.australianmajestictours.com/dairyfarm.jpg • http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/5930088/2/istockphoto_5930088-cute-dairy- cow-vector-illustration.jpg • http://images.google.com.au/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4ADBR_enAU331AU331&um=1&q=cute+carto on++cows&sa=N&start=20&ndsp=20
  67. 67. PLATINUM GOLD SILVER BRONZE MEDIA SPONSOR
  68. 68. This is a Jessica Archibald Presentation for the 2009 Cream of the Crop Competition
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