Delve 2010
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Delve 2010

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Welcome to Delve 2010...

Welcome to Delve 2010

Where do our everyday essentials come from? Some would say the kitchen, local supermarket or China - think again. New South Wales produces delicious food, top quality fibres and beautiful timber and is fortunate to have rich resources such as coal to supply our energy needs. All this right on our doorstep.

Our second edition of Delve takes readers on a virtual trip around New South Wales visiting producers, profiling products and highlighting the role Industry and Investment NSW plays in growing NSW. We hope you enjoy delving into issues of production and sustainability.

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  • 1.
  • 2. W N ith the world ’s finest fruit and vegetables, tasty meat ew south wales is fortunate to have more than 650 state forests , and fresh fish a ubiquitous part of our modern lifestyle, we don’t which cover an area of more than 2.4 million hectares. Our forests provide the often pause to reflect on the hard working producers who deliver resources to build our homes, schools and other important infrastructure for our state. these products to our corner shops and supermarkets. We are truly fortunate Forests NSW is a government trading enterprise that returns a dividend to the government to have sustainable and innovative industries to meet our demands. and people of NSW each year. The forest industry supports more than 12,000 jobs across our state. The fantastic lifestyle we enjoy in NSW is in great part underpinned by our primary producers—our farmers and fishermen—and the Likewise, the mining industry also provides important jobs to rural and regional products they deliver. Our primary industries provide jobs across communities. Coal mining directly supports 17,000 jobs in NSW. Coal keeps the NSW, contribute to our State’s economy and are critical to our lights on, it keeps our computers going, it helps keep us cool in summer and food supply. warm in winter. In fact, 90% of the total electricity needs of NSW are met with locally mined thermal coal. Supported by the NSW Government through a range of programs and services delivered by Industry & Investment NSW, The abundant forest and mineral resources across NSW provides significant Steve Whan, Minister it certainly is a case of NSW producing the goods. infrastructure that benefit each of us in some way every day of our lives. Ian Macdonald, Minister The Hon. Steve Whan, MP The Hon. Ian Macdonald, MLC Minister for Primary Industries Minister for State & Regional Development Minister for Rural Affairs Minister for Mineral & Forest Resources T his is the second annual edition of delve, a publication developed by Industry & Investment NSW to provide an insight into local producers and their produce, as well as the role our Department plays in supporting them and the important industries which they are a part of. This year, our focus is the diversity of products and some of the towns where they come from. We are fortunate to have such © State of New South Wales through Department of Industry and Investment (Industry & Investment NSW) 2010. Production team: a range of fresh and healthy food, fibre crops and timber You may copy, distribute, display, download and otherwise freely deal with this publication for any purpose, Leah Flint, Kellie Lobb, grown right here in our own backyard, while we are also provided that you attribute the department as the owner. However, you must obtain permission if you wish Carmen Perry, Graeme Last, rich in resources such as coal to supply our energy needs. to: charge others for access to the publication (other than at cost); include the publication in advertising or a Alan Hancock Richard Sheldrake, Director-General product for sale; modify the publication; or re-publish the publication on a website. I hope you enjoy delving into issues of production You may freely link to the publication on the Industry & Investment NSW website (or the former Primary and sustainability. You can visit our website Industries website). for more information. Industry & Investment NSW 2 The information contained in this publication is based on knowledge and understanding at the time of writing (January 2010). However, because of advances in knowledge, users are reminded of the need to Corporate Strategy & Communications Richard Sheldrake ensure that information upon which they rely is up to date and to check currency of the information with the 516 High Street, MAITLAND NSW 2320 appropriate officer of Industry & Investment NSW or the users independent adviser. Recognising that some of Director-General A t: 1300 736 122 or 02 4931 6666 the information in this document is provided by third parties, the State of New South Wales, the author and Industry & Investment NSW the publisher take no responsibility for the accuracy, currency, reliability and correctness of any information included in the document provided by third parties. 2 3
  • 3. enhancing AND our quality of life 6 Sensational seafood, and recipe—Sydney 18 Munchable macadamias—Nambucca 7 Windy woollies—Armidale 18 Beaut’ bacon—Forbes 7 Outback opals—Lightning Ridge 19 Plentiful prawns—Yamba Casino 8 Whirly wind—Blayney 20 Delectable dairy—Kiama 8 Blazing blueberries—Corindi 20 Wonderful wheat—Tamworth Lightning Ridge Moree Yamba 9 Blooming business—Kempsey 21 Productive pulp—Tumut 9 Brewing barley—Cameron Park 22 Flourishing fish—Swansea The far west 10 Perfect potatoes—Griffith 22 Delicious dining—Orange Corindi Narrabri 10 Luscious lamb—Cowra 23 Perfect pies recipe Armidale Nambucca 11 Cabernet calling—Mudgee 23 Reliable rice—Deniliquin Walcha 11 Opulent oysters—Batemans Bay 24 Coal conversations—Singleton Tamworth Kempsey 12 Practical pine—Bathurst 25 Tantalising tomatoes—Rossmore Wauchope 12 Nutritious natives—The Far West 25 Biting barra’—Bobs Farm Broken Hill 13 Crucial Camden—Camden 26 Lively licorice—Junee 13 Sensational silver—Boken Hill 26 Chompable cherries—Young Mudgee 14 Awesome apples—Batlow 27 Pecan promises—Moree Tocal Bobs Farm Orange Cameron Park 14 Backyard basket—The Hawkesbury 27 Fabulous floorboards—Wauchope Swansea Forbes Bathurst 15 Beneficial beef, and recipe—Casino 28 Tasty trout, and recipe—Jindabyne Blayney The Hawkesbury 16 Wonderous wool—Walcha 29 Essential eggs—Robertson Dareton Cowra Rossmore SYDNEY Young Camden 16 Earthy education—Tocal 29 Homely honey—Goulburn Griffith 17 Cool cotton—Narrabri 30 Industry & Investment NSW information Robertson 17 Scented citrus—Dareton Junee Goulburn Kiama Tumut Deniliquin Batlow Batemans Bay Jindabyne Feature story areas 4 5
  • 4. PARDON ATIO NAL ME! ENS S ER SE AFOOD ARMIDALE, 526 KM Seven hundred sheep have been measured so far, spanning 20 ED SNAPP different genetic lines. The data from the first NORTH WEST OF SYDNEY BARBECU screening will be complemented by further investigations on a selected 200 sheep to We’ve heard about low emission cars, but what about low emission determine whether low methane traits are livestock? A quest for low methane emitting sheep is underway in inherited. Other associations such as weight time. Armidale, with I&I NSW and Sheep Cooperative Research Centre gain and wool growth are measured, as r standing llow 1 hou researchers evaluating the methane output of hundreds of sheep. well as the role of nutrition in methane Serves 4. A rinsed d, gutted, production. 1.8 -2 kg, scale Sheep and other livestock like cows release the greenhouse gas er, whole 1 snapp ly clean* methane during digestion. These emissions account for 66% of With over a decade of climate change complete agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. a virgin research, I&I NSW is committed to helping ve oil, extr 2 tbs oli , thin ly sliced the state’s farmers reduce their greenhouse 1 lemon redded The Armidale study aims to identify genetic characteristics that set ot, finely sh footprint, as well as sequester carbon to offset 1 me dium carr apart lower-methane producing sheep. First, the variability of methane ped der, chop iced outputs in a sheep population must be established. The research team emissions from agriculture and other sectors. 3 tb s corian nish onion, thinly sl 1 sm all Spa dges has developed a world-first polycarbonate booth to allow rapid screening ut into we 1 lime, c experienc e the of sheep. These high-tech booths are positioned in a standard sheep Sheep burps contain methane! Stomach microbes digest me place to sphere combined T owl: pen—sheep walk into the booth, their methane output is measured for bine in a b here is on e supre arket atmo ydney Fish Market. plant fibres and emit methane in the process. Marin ade Com ite wine seafood m one hour, and then they walk back out to the paddock. wh ltimate —S 1 cup dry n, juice of u nt lifestyle rthed traw lers, lemo opped ith the city’s vibra with its be tables, w ort 1/2 e, finely ch g fishing p retail fruit and vege h a OUTBACK OPALS garlic clov finely chopped T his workin ts, it 1 ger piece, fish marke rage outlets along w ttle 5 cm gin and retail ve kwa rd wholesale e food and b rth any visit to Blac nch musta e s, flowers, 2 tsp Fre chilli sauce, to tast deli good ol is well w o sweet king scho ney Harbo ur. 1-2 tsp ch side se afood coo ore of Syd 1 tsp so y sauce ls along ea foresh thern at 2-3 cm interva h, pour over Bay on the in the Sou diagonally ce in a shallow dis est of its kind than Score fish . Pla ing once. h is the larg of seafood on offer r 100 A fossicking holiday in Outback NSW Lightning Ridge, home to the state’s LIGHTNING RIDGE, 770 KM Method ok evenly hour, turn rket, whic to help co tand for 1 The ma re species . With ove is perfect for people wanting a family opal industry, has a world-wide and let s ce three la yers re, has mo cept Japan any day it marinade on mediu m heat. Pla inner foil face Hemisphe rket in the world ex any other ma ailable on otic fish av Sydney’s cultural an d holiday with a difference. Fossicking reputation for being fascinating, NORTH WEST OF SYDNEY ecue grill rush the iar and ex Heat barb rkbench. B e fish in centre and of famil ents of is enjoyed by tens of thousands of friendly and a whole lot of fun for m foil on wo Plac species requirem of aluminiu to prevent sticking. tastes and people across the state each year, fossickers. Join some of the 80,000 oil y. satisfies all with olive body cavit iversity. increase offering a golden opportunity to visitors each year trying one of the m on slices in form a sea led culinary d paigns to discover the beauty and diversity of many ‘car door’ opal tours, or relax arrange le ver sides to minutes, turn rrent cam and nd fold o partner in cu rcial fishers dant with foil a rill and co ok for 10 W is a key le comme the earth’s mineral wealth. in one of the naturally heated ‘bore Cover fish arcel on g I&I NS ness of th e ro hy, fresh, a bun baths’. ce p parcel. Pla rther 6-8 minutes. consu mer aware in bringing us healt Amateur fossicking can be legally flake tlets play ook a fu (flesh will market ou f seafood. and c and test with a fork stand for a supplies o carried out throughout NSW, Could you strike it rich? For more nwrap fish te and let and su stainable combining leisure, pleasure and details about fossicking guidelines Carefully u oked.) Move to a pla es of e co 3,000 tonn re ‘treasure’ all in one, as fossickers seek and Lightning Ridge go to easily onc a des over 1 a utes. er and spre ad over h Market tr by volume rocks, minerals, crystals and fossils. few min nd coriand e wedges. Sydney Fis year. Top five sellers erjacket, sea na ach ath Although no licence is required, lightning-ridge/fossicking carrot, onio diately with lim seafood e r flathead, ocean le crab. The black opal, the world’s most valuable Combine imme tige swimmer certain rules apply (such as seeking top of fish . Serve r you. snapper, mulle t and blue opal, is the official gemstone of NSW. SYDNEY, NSW landholder’s consent). to do this fo 6 shmonger 7 *ask your fi
  • 5. Teachers have long known that time spent outdoors on a windy day turns small children into whirligigs full of mischief. The good news is that the natural power of wind can now be used to generate electricity— not just stir up the kids. KEMPSEY, 420 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY Wind turbines work in much the same way as the more familiar windmills of old. A propeller-like rotor Giving blooms can say a whole lot of things—from a single red rose whirl and generator sit atop a tower and when the wind is strong enough, the rotational energy in the rotor is converted to electrical energy within the generator. that says ‘I love you’ to a bunch of sunflowers saying ‘cheer up’. Giving flowers is a tradition extending back thousands of years. In NSW, the main area for flower growing is along coastal regions NSW has an excellent wind resource. Here background not too far from Sydney, and west to the Blue Mountains. The mild wind speeds are comparable to northern Europe, climate allows for year-round growing, while proximity ensures where a large portion of international wind power flowers arrive fresh each day to the Sydney Flower Market. generation occurs. Many good sites are due to the Most fresh cut flowers supplied are exotics like lilies, hills and ridges of the Great Dividing Range interacting carnations and roses but the last ten years has seen a with the calmer background winds blowing from west rapid expansion of the native flower industry, with a to east across the vast NSW inland. number of new growers producing Australian native wild flowers. Blayney Wind Farm’s 15 turbines have been supplying Today, up to 95% of Australia’s flower exports are Australian native flowers and proteas. Over 50% of Australia’s flower exports are BLAYNEY, 247 KM WEST OF SYDNEY thousands of homes with clean energy—without any greenhouse gas emissions—for ten years. Each I&I NSW assists the industry by providing advice and diagnostic services. to Japan where Australian native flowers are sought after due to their uniqueness. Organisations such as Kempsey-based Golden Geko Flowers have also been tower has a rotor diameter of about 47 metres and assisted by the department to group together local growers to share marketing is capable of generating 660 kW of power. The wind and transport costs. farm is on two properties whose families continue to W The Capital Wind Farm, near Bungendore was opened last year and includes graze livestock right up to the tower bases. hile traditionally Australian beer brewing 67 turbines supplying enough electricity to power 60,000 homes. has been dominated by large companies NG BA and major brands, over recent years a number of new local beers have started to attract I Bursting with flavour and all the health benefits of antioxidants, sweet little the attention of discerning drinkers. W blueberries are becoming increasingly available. Around the world, this diminutive blazing fruit is packing a punch with claims it can enhance memory, improve night vision, Locally grown ingredients are being used in beer by reduce cholesterol and fight heart disease. companies such as Bluetongue Brewery in Cameron Park, BLUEBERRIES R near Newcastle. This brewery has increased production to BRE It wasn’t until the late 1970s that blueberry orchards were successfully established in over five million litres of beer per annum and will soon be LEY NSW, particularly on the north coast. Blueberries are native to North and South America, moving to a larger site on the central coast with an initial Asia and Europe, with the NSW industry based on commercial cultivars of wild plants. capacity of fifty million litres of beer per annum. Beer is one of the world’s Today, the major growing areas around Lismore and Corindi produce 80% of Australia’s oldest prepared beverages, Australian beers are primarily made of local ingredients total blueberry crop under subtropical conditions, available from June, peaking in possibly dating back to such as malted Australian barley. NSW produces 2.5 million October/November and continuing into December/January. 9000 BC. Beer is recorded in tonnes of barley for malting and feedstock each year. Malted CORINDI, 600 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY With health benefits becoming more widely known, demand for the tasty, tiny fruits is the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. barley is a significant export product for Australia with the sale of malted products locally and internationally worth set to rise. I&I NSW has horticulturalists working with producers to ensure competitive over $2 billion dollars a year. and profitable blueberry farming. For example, in countries with a longer history of production the fruit is harvested mechanically, while here hand-picking is common. I&I NSW is working with Bluetongue Brewery to develop This may soon change, resulting in lower production costs and lower prices for consumers. their new site and establish it as a future tourist destination CAMERON PARK, for the central coast. I&I NSW evaluates barley varieties from Blueberries were first grown commercially in the USA in 1916. 146 KM NORTH the national breeding program for suitability in NSW, and also works with growers to ensure barley produced meets 8 OF SYDNEY malt quality. 9
  • 6. CABERNET LUSCIOUS calling MUDGEE, 261 KM NORTH WEST OF SYDNEY PERFECT While for some people wine is an acquired taste, those in the know say cabernet sauvignon from Mudgee is some of the most drinkable in the kangaroo—or even dark chocolate. The taste and aroma of ‘cab savs’ is often described as blackcurrant and peppery, but in some varieties POTATOES world. The small central west town has been red currant, blackberry, plum and even mint or home to vines since the 1850s, when German eucalypt can be tasted! immigrants established the first vineyards. With over 40 winemakers, Mudgee’s viticulture lamb Today, the state’s third largest grape growing industry is worth around $45 million annually, region produces a range of robust and deeply while NSW as a whole represents 34 per cent of GRIFFITH, 568 KM SOUTH WEST OF SYDNEY coloured reds including cabernet sauvignon, the $5 billion Australian wine industry, turning Cabernet sauvignon is the shiraz and merlot, complemented by whites like over more than $1.5 billion annually. Fried, baked, mashed, chipped or crisped, sauteed or world’s best known wine chardonnay, semillon and riesling. scalloped—the versatile potato is the nation’s most popular vegetable. In fact, potato consumption is estimated to COWRA, 234 KM WEST OF SYDNEY variety. Grown around the I&I NSW has viticulturists working with the NSW world, it was first cultivated According to aficionados, cabernet sauvignon is wine industry in areas like water use efficiency be over 60 kg per Aussie each year, with growers digging Looking at a tray of chops in the supermarket chiller, it’s hard to tell in Bordeaux, France. a bold and assertive wine that should be served and vineyard management—all aimed at up potatoes all year round to keep supermarkets and just how tender and delicious they will be. But the latest research into with strong flavoured foods like steak, lamb and increasing sustainability, efficiency and taste. Cheers! greengrocers with a ready supply. this juicy area may soon unlock the secrets to breeding tastier lamb. Griffith is situated in the heart of the Murrumbidgee Cowra is the place to be for good looking, great tasting sheep Irrigation Area in the south west of the state, and is part of with the local I&I NSW research station home to an ‘information opulent Sydney rock oysters are endemic to Australia, inhabiting OYSTERS the area that produces over two thirds of the NSW potato nucleus’ flock of sheep. The 2000 sheep in the flock provide sheltered estuaries and bays, from Hervey Bay in crop. The district has a dry, temperate climate with three measurements of tenderness, meat yield and eating quality. Queensland to Wingan Inlet in Victoria. crops a year grown for the fresh, crisping and frozen chips Iron, zinc and omega-3 levels are also monitored, with the potato markets. potential to improve the health benefits of eating lamb. In NSW, a number of potato varieties are grown including From the first arrivals of timber cutters and Oysters are excellent sources of several Genetic relationships can be established between fishermen in the early 1800s to the present minerals including zinc and selenium, coliban (cream coloured skin and flesh), sebago (white skin and white flesh), red pontiac (red skin and white flesh) and muscling, toughness and intramuscular fat—factors which affect tenderness and eating quality. Colour BATEMANS BAY, 273 KM day prime tourist destination, Batemans Bay which are often low in the modern diet, and desiree (pink/red skin with yellow flesh). can also be linked to genetics, with many shoppers SOUTH OF SYDNEY on the NSW south coast has relied heavily on the Clyde River estuary for economic they tend to be excellent real food sources of vitamin D, as well as being rich in iron, Potatoes using colour to conclude freshness. I&I NSW’s I&I NSW researchers are working with growers on a range growth. Wide and deep, this estuary is calcium and vitamin A. Oysters are also are part of research focus on tender and tastier lamb will of projects to ensure high quality, healthy and disease-free navigable by large craft along its lower low in food energy with one dozen oysters the same help Australian lamb maintains its prime market vegetables are available all year round. 35 kms. equal to around 110 calories (460 kJ). vegetable position. family as For much of its 125 km length, the Clyde High quality seafood is one of the state’s tomatoes runs through uninhabited lands (primarily valuable natural resources. I&I NSW and national parks) and as a result, its water is research and development helps ensure our eggplants. amongst the cleanest of any major river on fisheries are using good practices to secure The area operated by farms with the east coast. This makes the Clyde River fish stocks as well as protecting the marine lambs and sheep is around 134 million estuary home to some of the best of the environment while ensuring the seafood hectares, or 17% of Australia’s land mass. best oysters in the world—the Sydney rock we eat comes from well-managed and oyster, generally regarded by connoisseurs sustainable sources. as the ultimate in oysters. 10 11
  • 7. More than 2.9 million crucial ‘Biosecurity’ is the protection of the economy, environment and the community CAMDEN, pine trees harvested in from negative impacts associated with 50 KM WEST pests, diseases and weeds. NSW each year are used in houseframes. OF SYDNEY BATHURST, 210 KM WEST OF SYDNEY You may not realise it, but just 50 km from the city there is a team of lab-coated scientists busily defending the nation against animal and plant disease. The Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute is a world-class facility at Camden with over 100 I&I NSW staff on site working on animal and plant health. The institute’s highly responsive team of experts is focused on developing and applying cutting-edge bioscience to the diagnosis and control of serious diseases and pests. Situated on 1600 hectares, the centre is internationally recognised for work in research, diagnostic and advisory services which include viruses and microbes of veterinary E importance such as rabbit calicivirus; bacteria carried by animals which cause nvironmental considerations are human disease such as anthrax and leptospirosis; food safety organisms such as increasingly important to people enteropathogenic E.coli; and major animal parasites such as liver fluke and sheep blowfly. building or renovating their homes. And as many are finding, making Should exotic diseases like foot and mouth or bird ‘flu make their way into Australia, the the ‘best’ choice can be a mine field, with centre would be on the frontline performing thousands of diagnostic tests as part of the significant decisions to be made from construction materials right through to THE FAR WEST, 1000 KM WEST OF SYDNEY NSW Government’s response in any future disease outbreak. interior design. The Institute was at the forefront of the recent successful battle to clear the state of horse ‘flu. Did you know kangaroo meat is ideal for maintaining a During the outbreak, the centre’s scientists diagnosed the disease and then conducted thousands There’s much to consider, not only from what healthy diet? It contains very little saturated fat (relative to of tests per day in order to monitor its progress and develop effective control strategies. is the most environmentally-friendly choice for other meats) and is high in protein, zinc and iron. Dished construction, but also the best choice for the up in restaurants since 1993, over the past few years the environment over the lifespan of the home. meat has become increasingly visible—readily available Forests NSW manage 210,000 hectares of pine at supermarkets in fillets and sausages, plain and in plantations, grown over a period of 30 to 35 marinades. years. The area around Bathurst has a large number of plantations growing high quality In NSW, much of our kangaroo meat is harvested in the far west of the state. Only a small percentage of the population BROKEN HILL, timber destined for use in buildings around Australia. These plantations not only absorb is taken by licensed, professional harvesters. Kangaroos are then processed locally for transport to market, with While many people haven’t made the road trip, each and everyone of us has a 1100 KM carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as they the meat sold in 55 countries and generating $270 million connection to Broken Hill—home to the world’s richest silver-lead-zinc deposit. WEST OF grow (so important in addressing climate change), but retain the carbon in finished dollars for rural communities. These natural resources are used in many every day conveniences. Cars are coated with zinc to prevent rusting, along with components in mobile phones SYDNEY products like house frames and furniture. While the industry suffered a setback with the Russian and batteries. Silver is used in electronics and for jewellery, table settings and government banning ‘roo meat imports in 2009, companies medical applications. Lead is used in car batteries and in weights. Silver prevents Using timber in construction is also a like Origin Game Meats in Broken Hill are fighting back bacterial sound choice in terms of energy, as it uses through the development of new export markets in Europe. While the ore deposit helped establish both the town and the iconic Broken Hill growth! Silver comparatively less non-renewable energy Propriety Company (now known as BHP Billiton), one of the latest developments interrupts a to extract and manufacture, compared to I&I NSW has staff working across a range of industry has been the reopening of the Rasp Mine to process 750,000 tonnes of ore bacteria cell’s alternatives like steel, concrete and masonry. sectors to help businesses boost their export and domestic producing 32,000 tonnes of zinc, 25,000 tonnes of lead, and 500,000 ounces of ability to form markets. silver each year. Forests NSW is committed to supplying timber chemical bonds to meet community needs. Timber from our I&I NSW works with the minerals industry in a range of ways. Geologists map essential to its home-grown pine plantations is both practical the state’s mineral resources, environmental officers oversee rehabilitation survival. and renewable, supporting local jobs and following mine closures, safety officers assist mines in providing safe working helping to address climate change. Kanga’ meat is a top choice—organically grown and environments and investment officers assist in minerals export development. sustainably harvested. 12 13
  • 8. CASINO, 733 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY APPLES Apples roll around in lunchboxes, bump about in handbags and get munched on public transport by thousands of us every day. The ultimate take anywhere snack, apples are quite the nutritional package, full of fibre, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, and antioxidants. D Over 2.6 billion apples are grown in Australia each year. Next to black tea, apples are the ORAN GE MUSTAR S ‘A piece of th EAK e good hea BECUED ST second highest contributor of the immune boosting antioxidant quercetin in our diet, is how the A lth puzzle’ ustralian Go BAR lending truth to the adage ‘an apple a day keeps the doctor away’! describes le vernment an red mea a valuable so t. Besides b So where do these appetising gems grow in NSW? Find the Big Apple on the outskirts of urc eing is the best so e of protein, red meat Batlow and you’ll be among some of our best apple orchards. First established by a school 8 minutes. urce of bioa Serves 4. oking time in the Austra vailable iron teacher, Batlow’s orchards have produced crisp, sweet apples for over a century. time 15 minutes. Co lian diet an Preparation asoned substantial amounts of d contains NSW is Australia’s second largest producer of apples with nine varieties grown including ith oil and se vitamin B12 zinc and sh ed lightly w . Bonza, Braeburn, Delicious, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Cripps Pink (Pink steaks, bru 4 sirloin nd pepper It will come Lady™) and Cripps Red (Sundowner™). with salt a ice as no surpri d rind and ju love beef. F se that Auss 1 o range, grate eaten aroun or the last 1 5 years we h ies e, sliced d 35 kg of b ave 1 orang eef and vea BATLOW, 459 KM SOUTH WEST OF SYDNEY 1 tbs see ded musta rd per person, goes by wit per year. Ha rdly a week l ney hout beef si end Granny Smith apples originated in Australia, first grown 1 tbs ho to serve barbie som zzling on a nch sa lad leaves, h oil and se ason ewhere in y our street! by Maria Anne Smith in Sydney in 1867. 1 bu ea k lightly wit d and ch sirloin st e orange rin Beef is big in 1. Brush ea Combine th NSW, with a Method d pepper. r steaks. cattle as pe lmost as ma with salt an and rub ove ople—in fa ny and honey te to THE HAWKESBURY, 60 KM WEST OF SYDNEY juice, musta rd the barbecu e flat-plate or char-grill pla til de un 5.9 million h ead ct there are for our consu of cattle growing bee 2. Preheat ok on one si In the early 1800s, produce from the Hawkesbury travelled to Sydney adding th e steaks. Co once m such a majo ption and export. Bein f hot before Turn steaks re appears. s on r industry, y g by boat down the Hawkesbury River and then into Sydney Harbour. n of moistu few minute celebration ou’d expect the first sig e slices for a and Casino a cue orang each May w delivers this only. Barbe cook. ith Beef We e the steaks eness with tongs. by the Beef ek. Oversee Sydney’s intensive agricultural industry produces less than 3% of the ea ch side whil e gree of don one is Week Quee n steaks for d y and well d celebrate w n, thousand H country’s vegetables. In fact Australia is a net importer of vegetables, 3. Test the feels spring ith parades, s ow far did your breakfast travel to get to you this medium competitio good food importing more vegetables than we export. NSW does however produce Rare is soft, foil and ns. and morning? Did your cereal come from local wheat very firm. cover with sufficient grains, meat and fibre for our own needs and enjoys a healthy heat, loosely k and I&I NSW rese fields? The juice from our orange orchards? Or did eaks from leaves, stea archers are export trade. 4. Remove st r 5 minutes. Pile salad reducing m wo ethane emis rking on it all come from the other side of the world? serve. rest steaks fo ge slices on plates to up as a by p sions (burp ed Predictions of increasing population growth of an additional one million oran rod barbecued nderloin, livestock by uct of digestion) from Sydney’s backyard is a productive food bowl. With people in Sydney by 2031 means increasing competition for land and water. are fillet/te investigatin for barbecuing w York, of dietary ch g th around 2000 hectares and more than 1000 individual In some areas, land is being converted from agricultural uses to residential beef steaks erhouse/Ne anges and a e effect Tip Best h fillet, sirloin/port e. improved b dd vegetable farms in the Liverpool, Penrith, Camden, uses—just as global demand for food is increasing. rib eye/scotc blade, and oyster blad reeding and itives and Fairfield, Hawkesbury and Wollondilly government T-bone, ru mp, round, productivit y. areas. This productive food bowl is a major production I&I NSW works with other government agencies to seek a balance .au centre for leafy green vegetables, capsicums, chilli, between urban, agricultural and environmental land use. I&I NSW esy www.thema celery, mushrooms, herbs, poultry, eggs, meat, nursery is developing technologies to improve productivity and ensure the Recipe court plants, seedlings, cut flowers and cultivated turf. nutritional value of food is maintained. Australia produces 4% of the world’s beef supply, and is the second largest beef exporter in the world (after Brazil). 14 15
  • 9. WONDEROUS WALCHA, 425 KM NORTH WEST OF SYDNEY T ake a peek inside your wardrobe or cupboard and you’re sure to find something made of cotton. We wear cotton t-shirts, wrap babies in cotton blankets and dry off with cotton towels. Soft, cool and comfortable, cotton is the most widely used natural fibre fabric in the world. Cotton found its way to Australia aboard the First Fleet in 1788, and by 1830 the yield was enough to export three bags to England. Today most of the cotton harvested in Australia is grown in central and north west NSW, with this high quality fibre highly sought after by buyers in Indonesia, China, Korea and Japan. Prepare to be amazed! Wool is not all it seems. We know it’s Towns such as Narrabri, halfway between Sydney and Brisbane, are home to cotton. natural, warm and soft but did we know that it is also flame, dirt, The most common type of cotton grown in Australia is Gossypium hirsutum, more water and wrinkle resistant? Australian wool fibre is world famous, commonly known as American Upland. A leafy, green shrub that ever so briefly has and here in NSW we just happen to be great at producing it. NARRABRI, 611 KM cream and pink flowers that become the ‘fruit’ or cotton bolls. Cotton requires regular The crisp mountain climate of Walcha in the New England NORTH WEST OF SYDNEY water supplies to grow well. Tablelands is ideal for producing fine wools, and with around Finding new ways to grow an old crop is the job of I&I NSW researchers at one million sheep you’re sure to come across a stunning Narrabri’s Australian Cotton Research Institute who work in partnership with many merino or two. Merinos produce the finest wool of all breeds, organisations. Getting more crop per drop of water is high on the agenda, along with the finer the fibre, the softer the wool. In fact, merino wool managing pests and reducing the use of chemicals. fibres are softer and finer than human hair and are used to make anything from fabric to footwear. Just when you thought wool couldn’t get any better, I&I NSW researchers continue to find ways to improve productivity, profitability and sustainability of wool, so that it can continue casting its luxurious spell over us for centuries to come. SCENTED A very good shearer called a ‘gun’ can shear 200 sheep a day. The wool off 200 sheep can weigh as much as a small car! EARTHY EDUCATION DARETON, 1035 KM SOUTH WEST OF SYDNEY Oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruits and mandarins are delicious and juicy citrus Much of this work centres at the Dareton Agricultural Research and Advisory fruits all grown right here in NSW. Citrus Station, where activities have focused on is one of the state’s most important improving citrus fruit size and quality to Where do you start if you want to work on the land? A good education is the key and Tocal College is just the place for it. Imagine living on a working farm while studying, TOCAL, 180 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY horticultural industries, with fruit assist export development, and also on growing on around 13,000 hectares. The the development of new varieties and surrounded by horses, beef and dairy cattle, sheep and chickens—even a few bison. Australian citrus industry is the largest rootstocks. Renowned for producing enthusiastic, hard working graduates with plenty of practical Take a look at Tocal’s website for more information fresh fruit exporter in the country, worth in excess of A$200 million each year. Work is also directed at gaining a better skills, Tocal is a leader in agricultural and conservation land management education, Cotton beco m understanding of the impacts of seasonal and offers full and part-time courses, short courses and distance education. and can ho es stronger when w ld up to 27 e weight wh times its ow t The largest and most important conditions on fruit development and With campuses in the Hunter Valley and the Riverina, Tocal continues to fill full-time en wet. n production areas in NSW are in the identification of key growth stages for courses to capacity—bucking the trend away from agricultural careers. Agriculture Riverina and Murray Valley regions, manipulating crop load and enhancing remains an important part of the Australian economy and well-trained people are in with I&I NSW having the largest citrus fruit size, quality and post-harvest shelf demand. Australian farmers produce almost 93% of research and extension team in Australia life. It’s all aimed at ensuring profitable Australia’s domestic food supply. Yet, Australia playing a leading role in supporting the and sustainable production well into the And there’s plenty of work to be done. NSW has over 40,000 farms—with cattle, wool exports a massive 60% (in volume) of total citrus industry with substantial research, future. and wheat our top commodities valued at more than 3 billion dollars a year. Eighty- agricultural production. extension and information. two thousand people currently work on farms in NSW in a wide range of careers. Despite the worst drought on record, farm exports continue to earn billions of dollars. NSW produces around 250,000 tonnes of citrus annually—40% of Australian 16 production and 36% of citrus exports. 17
  • 10. PRAW munchable MAC N, MANG MACADAMIAS 150 g Serve s 4 as ADA an en MIA O AND SALA PLENTIFUL 50 g 1 m raw s choo ango l, trée tiger D maca , halved, or king p NAMBUCCA, 500 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY ½ le tt dam ias, peele d, c rawn s, p 1 sm uce, torn unsalted ut into cu eeled, de all cu into s , halv bes -vein ed Bursting with flavour, a great texture and healthy oils, macadamias are the iconic Australian nut. And while the macadamia is a genus of the plant family Proteaceae native to eastern Australia, New Caledonia standard to which all others are compared. That’s a bold claim, but PRAWNS 1 4 tbs coriande oli cu 3 tbs carrot, m mber, pe ll pieces edium ma eled a r, fine size, pee nd sliced ed and Sulawesi, the only edible species originate from Australia. why not put it to your own taste test? YAMBA, 680 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY Dres ½ ju ve oil ice o f a li ly cho pped led a i nd sl nto fine s iced into fi trips sing me ne st The Nambucca Valley, halfway between Sydney and Brisbane, is the NSW produces around 65% of Australia’s annual 33,000 tonnes of Com rips Located on the big Clarence River estuary and with one bine southern point of sub-tropical Australia. It’s here that new cultivars nuts in shell production. I&I NSW supports the industry through Meth coria of the largest commercial fishing fleets in NSW, a little od nder of the nut tree grow alongside the same rainforests in which the services such as extension officers, research scientists, advisory Place with lettu 3 tbs lighthouse, great surfing beaches, a marina, spectacular over c olive indigenous species grew over millions of years. Most of the valley’s publications and regulatory activities. scenery as well as some fabulous restaurants and cafes, lettu e in salad oil an d lim Add c nut production comes from over 60 specialist orchards. Yamba manages to combine just about everything people rema e. Add ma bowl. Sca e juic e. praw ining ngo a tter c Macadamias are named after John Macadam, a nineteenth century ns fo o n u With rich, well balanced soils and perfect climate, it is claimed that look for in a desirably quiet seaside town with great fishing. (or un r app live oil to d macad cumber a Scottish-born Australian chemist, medical teacher and politician. til the rox pr am nd Nambucca macadamias are the most delectable in the world—the This popular fishing and holiday destination on the far y turn 2 minute e-heated ias to sala carrot Scatt pink) s eac frying d bow e h sid north coast is sustained economically by both tourist and s r prawns . e on pan, coo l. medi k erve o activity attracted by Yamba’s reputation for having the imme ver salad, um h eat diate drizz ‘world’s best climate’ and its fishing fleet. In fact, fish ly. le dre ssing , toss It’s official—NSW is home to of sizzling bacon may help explain why we consume around 23 kg of pig meat per are what Yamba is really about, starting with the fishing industry which dates back to the early days of salad plenty of pigs—the tasty kind of course. settlement and still plays a major role in the town. person each year. Our state is one of Australia’s largest producers and exporters of pork and pork But how do you know you’re getting From Lighthouse Hill in the early evening, the fleet products. the best? Pigs in NSW can’t be sent to can be seen setting out through the heads. At night their an abattoir without meeting quality running lights can often be glimpsed on the horizon while Pigs are keen on their tucker so to keep the crews work to provide seafood fanciers with a wide standards demanded by the NSW Food production costs down, piggeries tend to variety of top quality fish, including the famous Yamba Authority. This ensures an excellent, be found near grain growing regions such prawns, when they return at dawn with their catch. wholesome product. as Forbes in the central west. I&I NSW extension officers provide general In preparing management strategies for the state’s Most of Australia’s pork production commercial fisheries, I&I NSW aims to ensure the strategies advisory services and information for the is consumed domestically with in place will provide sustainable fisheries into the future. industry across NSW. approximately 40% going to the fresh It is often a complex process requiring stakeholder and pork market, and the remaining 60% public input but the intention is for fishing activities in contributing to processed pork products NSW to be accredited as sustainable under both state and such as fresh ham, deli bacon, deli ham, commonwealth legislation. pre-packed rashers and pre-packed ham loaf. The alluring, mouth-watering smell Domestic pigs were brought to Australia on the First Fleet to provide food. By 1880, enough pigs had escaped and While adult prawns are found in the open ocean, juvenile FORBES, 386 KM WEST OF SYDNEY become feral to be a problem for farmers. school prawns cling to the seagrass areas of estuaries. 18 19
  • 11. DAIRY P aper. It’s a ubiquitous part of life in homes, shops and Australians consume offices. It’s used in newspapers, books, packaging and around 104 litres of milk a multitude of other products. And while from a young per person each year. age we learn that paper comes from trees, not much KIAMA, 120 KM SOUTH OF SYDNEY discussion is had on where these trees are, or how they’re grown and turned into paper. Picture the opening scene from The Sound Their efforts to improve energy and water In New South Wales, State forests are managed by Forests of Music and you’ll get a feel for the Kiama efficiency, the natural environment and NSW (on behalf of the Government) to produce timber. While countryside. Lush green hills make prime productivity saw them awarded 2009 NSW the primary focus is on growing and harvesting trees to meet dairying country for some of the state’s 200,000 Landcare Primary Producer of the Year. building and construction needs, some logs are simply not the dairy cows, but nature alone does not make for quality required by sawmills to manufacture into products like marvellous milk. This sort of drive and determination has a long history in the region. Dairying structural timber, landscape materials and furniture. It’s these Dairy cows eat around 100 kg of grass per day— began in Kiama around 1842, with the logs that are badged ‘pulp’ and used for paper. and they like it short and sweet. Grass planted in first co-operative butter and cheese paddocks is grown to just the right height before Forests NSW has both native forests and plantations factory opened in 1884 by farmers keen to cows are left to munch. Classy grass makes for embrace new technology and prove their under its management for timber production. Pine quality milk. product could compete with European plantations are typically thinned twice before final producers. harvest at around 33 years of age. By thinning out the Seventh generation dairy farmers near Kiama, plantation, the growth of the better trees is encouraged the Strongs, run a thriving 100 hectare farm. I&I NSW is looking at the diet of dairy cows Owner Lynne Strong says a healthy environment and a greater proportion of high quality sawlogs is in order to improve productivity and lower makes for healthy cows, people and products. achieved in the final crop. The smaller or defective logs methane emissions. obtained through thinnings are used for pulp. On the south west slopes of NSW, timber is the lifeblood of the bustling town of Tumut. The major plantation grower in the region is Forests NSW, with around 90,000 hectares of plantation softwood, with privately-owned pine in the region approaching 40,000 hectares. This critical mass of plantation resource has Timber products store carbo n dioxide TAMWORTH, 416 KM NORTH WEST OF SYDNEY attracted a number of timber and pulp processors to the region. absorbed from the atmosp here for its Visy has recently undertaken a $450 million expansion of its lifetime—up to 250 kg/m3. Wheat research is flourishing in the north west of the state, with NSW-developed grains Tumut pulp and paper mill. The expansion more than doubled becoming increasingly sought after around the world. the mill’s output of kraft packaging paper to almost 700,000 Pasta manufactured by brands like Heinz, Vetta, and SanRemo use durum semolina wheat tonnes a year. The project created an extra 50 jobs on site, varieties developed by Industry & Investment NSW researchers in Tamworth. plus an additional 300 indirect jobs in the region. Hot, dry growing conditions lead to a high-quality durum grain known for its hardness, Most of the mill’s increased production is headed for export protein, intense yellow colour, nutty flavour and excellent cooking qualities. markets, supplying paper customers in Europe, North America, Different varieties provide characteristics that allow increased productivity under Asia and Africa. The balance supplies Visy’s Australasian TUMUT, 411 KM SOUTH WEST OF SYDNEY different growing conditions. Launched September 2009, Caparoi is a high yielding corrugated box factories. To meet Visy’s needs, additional variety under irrigation, with excellent disease resistance. Traditionally grown in northern softwood plantation pulpwood is sourced from state-owned Forests NSW is part of I&I NSW with their forest NSW, the crop’s expansion to irrigated southern areas makes way for producers to aim plantations located in the Bathurst and Bombala areas. management certified by the internationally for one million tonnes of durum annually over the next five years, to provide consistent Wheat crops cover more of the Earth’s quantities for international and domestic markets. The timber industry in the south west slopes generates more recognised Australian Forestry Standard, an surface than any other crop. than $1billion for the local economy and is one of the leading independent indicator of sustainable forest Wheat research at Tamworth is doing big things to help feed the world. plantation forestry areas in Australia. management. 20 21
  • 12. With around four times the volume of Sydney Harbour, Lake FEC Macquarie is a massive water body less than two hours drive R north of Sydney, and is Australia’s largest coastal lake. It is dotted by numerous small towns and some larger centres, such as Swansea on the eastern side, where the lake empties into Reef balls mimic the Tasman Sea, offering pleasant lakeside and coastal recreation. E SWANSEA, 131 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY T natural reefs in 5 KM NILIQUIN, 72 SYDNEY It has been several years since the lake was P form and function, quickly increasing fish included among 30 recreational fishing DE OF numbers and diversity havens—coastal areas largely free of as well as being commercial fishing, created to provide better SOUTH WEST is a diet sta ple for angling opportunities for recreational fishers. corn, rice cognised rapidly colonised heat and . Rice is re ng with w le around the world nsumed as a & EGG PIE Alo by corals, algae and As part of the ongoing commitment to aquatic millions o f peop erally co and is gen CON REKKY BA sponges. research, I&I NSW is undertaking a pilot artificial e of starch r ingredient. as a sourc flou reefs evaluation program in selected recreational fishing havens. The Lake Macquarie reefs are constructed from B is tasty whole gra in or as a pes of ric e grown in nging areas of N a SW con and e ggs for th nt years, ty panded to meet ch alky rice special concrete ball modules which enhance marine growth ba d. Over rece have ex de the ch artners of with a sala uin clu while withstanding saltwater corrosion. When combined they Take th e classic p Or enjoy any time like Deniliq mands. Examples in cooking Opus for create habitat for fish, algae and crustaceans in reefs of varying breakfast treat! consu mer de sotto, th e soft eema for bong for ri fragrant variety Ky sizes. Reef effectiveness will be monitored by a combination of rters variety Illa in, alth bene fits— mini pies. t into qua g gra or the lon are also specific he underwater videos, diver surveys and angler catch information. Makes 12 -rolled, cu sushi, n for its , ready ls. There ra is know y, thawed Asian mea the variety Doonga puff pastr le, 3 sheets ed for examp index. bacon, dic 500 g m ped low g lycemic and sour crea ives, parsley, chop ming more 1 ½ cups .c h qualitie s are beco qualities can herbs e.g Rice grain al grain ½ cup x ¾-cup ant. Physic cy and whiteness, 12 egg s grease 12 re import 0 °C. Lightly mo ape, trans lucen xture whe n ven to 20 include sh qualities include te estibility. Preheat o ORANGE, 257 KM WEST OF SYDNEY Meth od 1. capacity m uffi n pans. pa ach muffi n pan. stry into e over medium-high g and cookin cooking time and dig herited, square of hot and c old, netically in T 2. Press a frying pan y golden. ties are ge wing practices, he refreshing high altitude from 60 vineyards. There’s also bacon in a small htl While gra in quali 3. Cook or until lig ntal cond itions, gro and crisp climate of Orange renowned fine dining restaurants to 4 minutes ol. nvironme e all affec t grain is just a few hours drive and high profile chefs, a range heat for 3 fat and allow to co d sprinkle over e dling a nd storag Drain excess bacon, an grain han ers of the from Sydney, making the region of accommodation options and ree-quart . l well quality. nvironme nt the perfect destination for a gorgeous heritage buildings. 4. Take th f each pastry shell epper unti ustralian e of the base o , herbs, salt and p Crack an egg the harsh A ds weekend getaway for ‘foodies’. sour cream ixture over bacon. bacon. To survive developing deman new The rich food culture has lead to 5. Whisk . Spoon m maining and th e ever- tial to deliver combined r cream. Top with re astry is golden , it is essen tralian Bountiful local produce can FOOD (Food of Orange District), sou til p consumers es for Aus pports be sampled at Orange farmers’ a voluntary group coordinating on top of utes or un d for 5 minutes ve d varieti su r 25 to 30 min stan and impro To do this I&I NSW market, with over 50 stallholders FOOD Week, an annual festival 6. Bake fo is cooked. Allow to rice g rowers. quality evaluation of selling fresh produce at this featuring more than 100 food- and filling ing from pan. ding and a rice bree nsure released vari ty and eties are ov sauce. monthly event. Many producers related events including tasting before rem h a dash of tomato e program to nomic and grain q uali ot wit h a cherry also sell at the farm gate, with trails and classes. Usually held in 7. Serve h e, top wit dar chees n before frying. superior a g ro rated che d viable. apples, pears, berries and nuts April, the festival is just another kle with g the baco com mercially available direct from growers great excuse to visit. ariatio ns Sprin add som e onion to V r tomato o industry when in season. alian rice I&I NSW head office is in Orange, Orange was the birthplace The Austr rown rice feeds Aussie-g y! estimates on people every da There are 2000 hectares of with over 400 staff working and of poets Banjo Paterson and grapes under vine and local living in this vibrant community il li Kenneth Slessor. up to 40 m wine tours cover 30 cellar doors in the central west. 22 23
  • 13. OAL ERS C V ATIO NS TOMATOES ROSSMORE, 45 KM SOUTH ON an C g. Ev eryon y. e has WEST OF SYDNEY aggin conom hins w ur state’s e get c t of o d o ed an Walking into a hydroponic greenhouse for the first time teed t big par press posits uaran it’s a , com al de is like venturing into a whole new world. It’s vast, humid u’re g d down co ya nd yo eryday an w as laid dest black and full of vibrant plants growing in a way that is totally Almost any plant l at a part e coal ev tation of the ol vege ome unexpected—without dirt! including roma, heirloom, grape and cherry tomato of coa the can be grown we us when s oal is varieties for local and interstate consumers. e topic loathe it, s ago l. NSW has day c record hydroponically, with up th or f year e coa in 179 1 , to year. A Controlled environment horticulture (combining Bring , but like it ions o m go. le nion arte d mill ck to beco lion years a castle 0 billion a Recoverab New an $1 greenhouses and hydroponics) is a high productivity, high I&I NSW works with greenhouse and hydroponic the first recorded TON, opi r y st f ro mil r in ise. dah efforts to grow plants l sto n layers o 180 Rive more th the r ey-Gunne growers to help them produce safe, high quality SINGLE 9 KM W coa e 5 and u n te r at ion on n efficiency method of growing vegetables, fruit and flowers. T he NS ed betwe etween 22 o f the H on valued al product s of the Syd Fast and productive, growing crops using environmentally fresh produce with less land, less water and less without soil dating form formed b outh oducti co eld 20 T trans alia, in Aus tr vic t a m t the with pr t a con ry produc uced in 20 tonnes, wi 07-08 , with the coalfi th controlled, soil-less production systems allows growers wastage. The department is home to the National back to the hanging S gardens of Babylon, RT H W E E Y y to sustainably harvest more premium products—more Centre for Greenhouse Horticulture, with a team ered b le prima rod lion rce. T CAN the floating gardens NO n c ov was p .5 bil b resou including an industry specialist extension officer, First u ost valua f raw coal ximately 11 all of this efficiently by carefully controlling the growing environment N OF SYD horticultural researchers and education officers of Kashmir and the WHA O? m s o o s t state’s lion tonne total appr ining almo as well as the water and nutrient supply. working to further develop the capacity of floating gardens of 17 7 mil es in NSW lley conta serv r Va a raft On the outskirts of Sydney, in suburbs like Rossmore, greenhouses and hydroponics in NSW—a key part of the Aztec Indians. coal re the Hunte l and of coa built on YOU D in osits greenhouse growers are turning out flavoursome tomatoes securing food supplies into the future. Basin h dep n was ee ded by ric f Singleto u want to s ry un o yo ndust even dge Surro s, the town to visit if Coal I nces, BITING BARRA ri ine of m d is the place unity run or those nt applia ing your f elps. efficie e as keep celsius h n o coal a ning. The c on-site to al mi n organise up close. mm u rs f ye nergy impl n u ething as s and 4 deg ve per cen B rees t mor e BOBS FARM, 191 KM co e ca Centr g to see mi ning e 0% of than 9 n coal to all som etween 3 requires fi b set to egree lowe r NORTH OF SYDNEY wanti n e mor ur ting. roduc r stations b enerating ery d nsula to p Ev oolin g by i s used Powe and g to energ y. and c d free ze. An iconic Australian fish, barramundi is famous for its firm, flaky flesh and delicate flavour. Coal i ity in NSW. g turbines gas linked ased. eating ulk an issions. ic in a le ve h in b ts em electr team, driv al is burnt, (CO2), is re ther Im o pr cook u cre ate s When co io xide n our wea n er cook— icrowave c Fortunately for consumers, a fishing trip to northern Australia is ic ity. r bon d anges i ’s a clev in the m not the only way to experience this ‘good eating’ fish, with a NSW electr change, ca rs to ch earth e n e ating B in the s Rehe h as cli mate hange refe n increase greenhou y, suc company developing an innovative land-based barramundi farm. te c o fa ing energ ll allow Clima s because s ncrea red power o wable that wi d by i . Rene Located near Port Stephens, Tailor Made Fish Farms p attern ture cause ere. Coal-fi ntributor t chal lenge chnologies required. breeds, grows and supplies 75 tonnes of live fish to era sph co , is the nd. Te s, are temp the atmo rgest single . tricity eet dema as emission rrentl y top Sydney restaurants. g ase s in the la issio ns elec rate ricity to m house g are cu er is gene elect , and ation gas em ing to green ecade m pow gener eenhouse ntinu ly enough e reducing an a d issions fro lso under The technology used has other benefits, with waste The Australian gr e co supp re th e em NSW , whil ently , whil rch fo r mo educ easur e is a water used to grow hydroponic vegetables—minimising farmed has ssions r upply resea ologies to tigation m r Aus tralia g emi cannot cur arge coal s lated techn water use and eliminating discharge into the environment. barramundi sive ns Cuttin wind our l ate-re l ible m i exten round basi lar or inue using n clim ission coa e, as a poss industry started y -energ so take w em With consumption of seafood rising by 240% since 1960, the aquaculture (or fish g under e potential us to cont under lo storag in the mid 1980s. s have o develop pture and ing farming) industry will play a vital role in meeting future demand. ntist hip t th th sav wi diox tide W scie on ca s/ / y/customer rbon I&I NS in partne ustion carb rs for ca equivalen f I&I NSW assisted this company to set up via grants and technical advice, with staff ng b e storag y hundreds t o worki . Post-com sw.go energ committed to working with producers to further develop NSW aquaculture. Look out n a tions on. to ma f emissions sta .n dustry igati for NSW farm-grown fish, yabbies and crayfish at shops and restaurants. ears o nt rate. invest y in www. 24 rre the cu 25
  • 14. LY the own in t son. Gr 1847, the firs IVE RICE rea Australia produces about 2% of the s ince h ard region ial cherry orc N er to world’s pecan crop while the USA, where L ovemb r is NSW LICO mmerc in 1878. PECAN be co pecan trees are natives, produces 80%. Decem e and was pla nted be herry tim ed ted to c he ju icy, r e ev er wan spitting when t ops you If you’v ’s cherry pip y h e sh Austr alia herr even c PROMISES MOREE, 640 KM NORTH WEST OF SYDNEY rst hit t just around pion or ad to the fruits fi r is cham umme then h e know s r. queen Cherry Festiv r al in the c orne errie s nal mbe l of ch Natio Dece n a bow Held in has Fea sting o treat and the d Young. r, the festival rs and cious adde a ea is a deli nefits are an each ye ning for 60 y n n run eir ow bo be health herries conta bre nus. C d minerals, fi e in bee can pic k th visitors resh from the s f tree. The fountain of youth can be found in NSW. That’s just nuts. Or is it? s an in on cherrie oking vitamin xidants—all rs are lo Moree’s mineral rich thermal pools attract hundreds of thousands of people to bathe in warm tio . earche erries and an e-sized fruit res I&I NSW ensure ch artesian waters—the H2O some claim is the elixir of life! it s weet, b alia’s at wa ys to are free of 41% o f Austr SW, for export . This will But the real nuts of Moree are pecans. The district has the perfect climate for pecans and is home Around re grown in N d bound nd fruit fly r NSW to the largest pecan farm in the southern hemisphere with 70,000 trees producing around 95% of sa cherrie ound Young an Quee nsla rkets fo pn ew ma the nation’s crop. Pecan popularity is on the rise with their health benefits now recognised. Full of mainly ar open u s. ‘good fats’ needed to maintain healthy blood vessels and heart, pecans were all but unknown in the . prod ucer Orange the che rr y Australian marketplace before the 1980s. is kn own as or good Young Australia, f The Moree district is known for more than spas and nuts. Cotton, oilseed, cereal, olive and pulses like NEY capita l of al chickpeas all grow in the area, making a rich agricultural backdrop for the thriving tourism district. n th ere’s re SYD but the ars, licorice over 4000 ye here’s s back ow, t ould kn tretche WEST OF ine. WAUCHOPE, 406 KM NORTH OF SYDNEY nnois seurs w sweet treat s ncient medic Native forests near Wauchope have been supplying building dy co this d in a day use timbers since the 1830s when cedargetters set out from the As can he history of ice plant use lves to l e. T licoric acts of the li cor ar ket she e the origina to penal settlement of Port Macquarie. superm to replicat nt in FLOORBOARDS with ex tr ies on ld pla rice loll emicals g this o the lico synthetic ch urers are takin TH ost of r t While m f herbs and/o few manufac SOU erted nd o ice, a n conv a ble of true licor r mill has bee the flavour . old flou oot of 8 KM town’s ry, using the r assisted the J ew e ra a, the an a Wagg ocolate facto reats. I&I NSW ust like a little black dress, it seems a good hardwood r Wagg h t North coast sawmills produce a range of flooring ee, nea licorice and c ious range of UNEE, 34 At Jun ganic delic ice floor is never out of style. Native Australian timbers are products. These range from traditional tongue or ta into an lant to turn ou ment grant. e. Licor a popular contemporary choice for their appearance, and groove boards to parquetry and engineered u indulg ght tooth p licorice with a develo p hen yo tem, fi longevity and practicality, while many homes in our uilty w s th boards—a relatively new product that uses veneer comp any dt o feel g e immune sy ens the brea older suburbs have floorboards looking as good today as over plywood, ready to lay over subfloors like And no nee o boost th ers, fresh J orted t rance, cure ulc when they were laid over 100 years ago. concrete, tiles or plywood. The new engineered is purp u aid end products are especially popular in apartments. decay, h more! E Forests NSW is the government trading enterprise charged PA B L c and mu with the management of our state’s timber producing One tip for buyers is to look for ‘certified’ timber CH OM forests. Different areas are renowned for different timbers products. Independent certification gives assurance IES e and products, with forests around Wauchope (location of e licoric of the sustainable forest management practices RR ot of th glycyrrhizin, old The ro ntains erries s the famed ‘Timbertown’) producing high quality blackbutt, employed to get the timber from the forest to the ox of ch ity—the CHE2 KM WEST OF SYDNEY o weeter first b r char plant c nce 50 times s on, the Sydney blue gum and flooded gum sawlogs, that are milled buyer. Look out for certification symbols when you a a subst ar cane. La st seas ed $25,000 fo per cherry! into premium floorboards. next buy timber products. rais $62 than s ug in NSW ying around 7 YOUNG, 3 a 26 buyer p 27
  • 15. ROBERTSON, 128 KM SOUTH OF SYDNEY EGGS EGGS EGGS NSW is Australia’s largest egg Production is based on the shell or table egg from hens and is primarily for SAM’S SALAD producer with around 37% of domestic consumption. Other bird species such as ducks, quails, pigeon national production. Over 64 and guinea fowl form a very minor section. Only around 10% of eggs are TROUT million dozen eggs worth around sold for use in other processed food products. MOKED $123 million are produced each Animal welfare issues and market opportunities are increasingly seeing S D year—now that’s one big, pricey moved consumer preference shift to free range and barn laid eggs. However, while ones re db id you know modern day Jindabyne and its inhabitants omelette! we are buying fewer cage produced eggs they still account for around 75% Serves 4. skin an rout, flaked, were relocated to the town’s present site in the 1960s The industry is widely spread of total supermarket sales followed by free range (20%) and barn laid (5%). oked t mbled rained 250 g sm ’s cheese, cru rinsed and d ed when the Snowy River was dammed? It occurred throughout the state, with farms goa t peas, remov during the construction of the Snowy Mountains I&I NSW provides industry support through extension officers, research 125 g canned chick halved, seeds located from city’s outskirts, to scientists, diagnostic laboratories, publications, poultry keeping courses , Scheme, with the remains of the old town now below 400 g red capsicum alad leaves ated Young in the south, (including and regulatory services. et s s separ Lake Jindabyne, occasionally visible when water levels are low. 1 n ch rock ndive, leave Robertson in the southern 1 bu ch curly e highlands), Tamworth in the north bun ced Jindabyne today is a cosmopolitan, year round, holiday resort 1 ion, sli and the rusty coloured plains of 1 red on pped with a mix of new residents and original pioneer families. In Eggs are one of the few foods that contain vitamin D, the sunshine ho West Wyalong in the central west. basil, c winter Jindabyne is a base for skiers bound for major resorts in vitamin. In fact a 100 g serve can provide up to half your daily requirement. 2 tbs ing e dress Kosciuszko National Park and for the rest of the year it’s a great Ho ney lim hurt place for bushwalking, mountain biking, whitewater rafting, yog atural ½ cup n ey canoeing, horse riding and kayaking. Lake Jindabyne provides While a queen been might live for four years, hon great opportunities for water sports and superb trout fishing. 1 tbs 1 tbs 1 tbs cumin ice lime ju pped ho mint, c round ,g heat. harred and The NSW Government’s Gaden Trout Hatchery, on the Thredbo River near Jindabyne, is one of Australia’s main centres for homely honey worker bees usually live for about six weeks. 1 tbs to high e up until c nough to Prehea t grill skin sid cool e breeding and rearing cold water sport fish. Four species, rainbow GOULBURN, 197 KM WEST OF SYDNEY Meth od 1. ook capsicum t aside. Once o strips. trout, brown trout, brook trout and Atlantic salmon are produced 2. C se int d, then nd cut g by I&I NSW and stocked into the dams and river systems of our blistere emove skin a et on a servin peas, S ,r ock handle ndive and r n, cheese, c hick trout fisheries in the Snowy Mountains, Southern Highlands, the nge e onio central tablelands and New England areas. o sticky and sweet, there’s nothing These busy bees don’t just give us honey and 3. Arra r. Follow with capsicum. nd platte ith oney a better than honey drizzled across beeswax—they also play an essential role in nd finish w int, cumin, h d The department’s fish stocking activities provide many benefits and thick toast on a cold morning. As bringing us food by pollinating a vast number trout, a yoghurt, m r sala bine zle ove are recognised for their importance to the community in terms of you lick your fingers, spare a thought of crops. Beekeepers place hives near seasonal 4. Com owl. Driz ving. ice in b er quality recreational fishing, conservation activities, employment for the fascinating insects that have flowering plants to ensure production continues lime ju tely prior to s opportunities and subsequent economic benefits in regional areas imm edia brought this natural product to people for year round. that have grown in response to the activity over many years. many thousands of years. I&I NSW supports beekeepers with specialist Honey bees live in hives, where up to 40,000 advisory staff in towns like Goulburn, research bees perform their own special tasks. There’s and diagnostic services, and education courses. JINDABYNE, 402 KM SOUTH OF SYDNEY the single queen bee, some male drones for her to mate with and then tens of thousands Someone who knows the finer points of trout, is manager of the Gaden Trout Hatchery, Sam Crocker Visitors welcome! of female worker bees charged with a variety who has worked at Gaden since 1970. Sam shares of tasks from collecting pollen and nectar to Tour the hatchery and learn about one of his favourite trout recipes, which he building honeycomb. trout breeding. School groups welcome. recommends be finished off with a nice cold beer! Phone the hatchery on 02 6451 3400. 28 29
  • 16. NSW—PRODUCING THE GOODS INDUSTRY & INVESTMENT NSW is the State Government agency focused on the development FOSTERING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT of innovative and sustainable industries. I&I NSW plays a vital role in the economic development of Our 4,000 people deliver cutting-edge science and research, innovative technology, adaptive policy, contemporary the state. In the primary industries sector, the department works in partnership with the mining, forestry, agriculture What’s happening vocational education, best practice regulation and engaging and commercial fishing industries to support and develop the training programs. profitable, sustainable and adaptive businesses that underpin much of the economic activity in regional NSW. Industry & Investment NSW participates at a range of events across the State each year. MINERALS EXPLORATION & MINING Coal $10,300m (41%) Here are just a few where you can visit us: Our staff work to supply valuable data to explorers and Copper $1,260m (5%) actively seek international investors. The resulting minerals Other minerals $2,410m (10%) Sydney Royal Easter Show 1-14 Apr production underpins much of the state’s economic Beef cattle $1,585m (6%) Food Week Orange 9-18 Apr activity, with minerals production in 07/08 valued at Wheat $889m (4%) Caravan, Camping, 4WD & Holiday Supershow 17-25 Apr $14 billion and employing more than 29,000 people. Wine $1,643m (7%) Fruit $478m (2%) Tocal Field Days (Paterson) 30 Apr–2 May Wool $725m (3%) Primex Field Days (Casino) 17-19 June Other agriculture $4,824m (19%) Coal $8,200m (61.12%) Timber & Working With Wood Show (Sydney) 18-20 June Forestry (logs supplied) $379m (2%) Aluminium $2,092m (15.62%) Mudgee Small Farm Field Days 16-17 July PRINCIPAL NSW PRODUCTS BY Fish and seafood $690m (3%) Other $1,636m (12.22%) VALUE 2007–08 $24.7 BILLION Sydney International Boat Show 29 July–2 Aug Iron and steel $883m (6.59%) Copper $589m (4.40%) Agquip Field Days (Gunnedah) 17-19 Aug Zinc $7m (0.05%) Small Business Month Sept AGRICULTURE & HORTICULTURE Henty Machinery Field Days (near Wagga Wagga) 21-23 Sept Cumberland Forest Fair, Sydney 10 Oct COMPOSITION OF NSW MINERALS AND NSW is renowned for its clean, healthy and safe food METAL EXPORTS 2007–08 $13.4 BILLION supplies—much of this due to research and extension services Australian National Field Days (Orange) 19-21 Oct provided by I&I NSW. Our staff work with farmers in addressing Farming Small Areas Expo (Richmond) 12-13 Nov issues like climate change, salinity, pests and diseases, and reduces water availability. COMMERCIAL FISHING & AQUACULTURE Strict environmental controls underpin the harvesting and Cattle and calves $1,5 85m (18%) farming of fin-fish and shellfish in NSW waters. I&I NSW regulates Wheat for grain $889m (10%) Have you gone to a field day? Some of these events attract over 100,000 people to see the latest in agricultural the commercial fishing and aquaculture industries, as well as Fruit & nuts (incl grapes) $820m (10%) machinery, view demonstrations, seek information, trial new products or just get a taste of country living. approximately one million recreational fishers across the state. Wool $814m (9%) Cotton $148m (2%) Sheep and lambs $442m (5%) Call us: NATIVE FOREST & PLANTATION MANAGEMENT Milk $509m (6%) AGRICULTURE 1800 808 095 SCREEN NSW 02 8222 4844 Poultry $568m (7%) Forests NSW, operating within I&I NSW, manages 2.54 million FISHERIES 1300 550 474 STATE & REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT hectares of forests, managed under the principles of ecologically Vegetables $424m (5%) sustainable forest management to provide timber and other Barley $277m (3%) FORESTS NSW 1300 655 687 1800 777 022 products—both now and into the future. GROSS VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL Canola $44m (%) MINERALS & ENERGY 1300 736 122 TOURISM NSW 02 9931 1111 PRODUCTS IN NSW ($M) Other $2,063m (24%) 2007–08 $8.590 BILLION Rice $7m (0%) NSW FOOD AUTHORITY 1300 552 406 OUR HEAD OFFICE 02 6391 3100 30 31
  • 17. WE WORK WITH LOCAL PRODUCERS AND BUSINESSES TO GROW INNOVATIVE AND SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRIES To find out more about us and how you can support our local producers and businesses phone our head office on 02 6391 3100 or visit