Unit 2 - culture

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Unit 2 - culture

  1. 1. Unit 2 -- Culture Chapter 3, Section 1 Sociology—Spring 2010
  2. 2. Culture and Society <ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are shared by members of a society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common culture </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Culture and Society Society = Iowan Culture = Midwestern
  4. 4. What creates culture? <ul><li>We are born with instincts (unlearned patterns of behavior), but instincts alone do not drive behavior or culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EX: A woman may have an instinct to care for young offspring, but not ALL women have that instinct </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does the culture you live in decide your behavior? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What creates culture? <ul><li>Which is correct? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The culture you live in determines your behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The genetic patterns you are born with determine your behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WHAT DOES THIS SOUND LIKE? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature vs. Nuture (Your biology vs. your surroundings) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What creates culture? <ul><li>Genetic traits, drives and reflexes do NOT control human SOCIAL behavior… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drives: Impulses to reduce discomfort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflexes: Automatic responses to physical stimuli </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The culture you live in CHANNELS the expression of these biological characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EX: Is it okay for men to cry and show emotions? Is it okay for women to be tough and independent? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Sociobiology-The Genetic Side <ul><li>It combines Social Darwinism with modern genetics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The behaviors that best help people are genetically transmitted. Some examples would be parental care, friendship, education of children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The criticism of sociobiology is that genetics could be used to determine superior and inferior races of people </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bottom Line: What creates culture? <ul><li>The social interaction of people within a society creates the culture of that group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide on core values and beliefs, which later helps to form core norms within the culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Those who disagree are forced to choose… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To leave the society and form their own </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To conform to the majority within the society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To rebel and create conflict within the culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To live together and “agree to disagree” </li></ul></ul>

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