A new paradigm for understanding philippine politics
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A new paradigm for understanding philippine politics



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A new paradigm for understanding philippine politics Presentation Transcript

  • 1. By Amando Doronilla
  • 2.  What is a paradigm? Why is there a paradigm shift? How are resources used by politicians? Can we fully say that politics has changed since 1986 revolution? How has Civil Society shaped Philippine politics and to what degree?
  • 3. Introduction Between 1972-1994, there was a failed authoritarian system, characterized by one party hegemony Constitution was rewritten twice in 1973 and 1987 Leadership was replaced through elections and extra-constitutional methods After 1986 revolution, multiparty system was developed
  • 4.  With regards to economy, cartels and monopolies which were protected by Marcos regime started to wane But, oligarchs have risen to power during the Aquino regime
  • 5. Inadequacy of the TraditionalApproach Current studies show that “clientelism” is still being used in the country Clientelism is defined as the study of power and of the state as a source of resources to legitimize the traditional elite’s domination of politics
  • 6.  Patronage, coercion and payoffs determine the outcome of elections, based on patron- client paradigm Much of the literature on Philippine politics describes Philippine democracy as elite democracy However, the author, Doronilla disagrees and believes that there had been developments after 1986
  • 7. Continuity or Change? In his book, A Changeless Land, David Timberman notes that the 1986 revolution restored democracy in the Philippines However, Aquino’s administration had to defend itself from 7 coup attempts In one of the interviews of Sen. Honasan, he said the shift of power from Marcos to Aquino is a shift of one elite to another elite
  • 8. Sen. Gringo Honasan
  • 9.  According to Timberman, there is a constant poverty, inequity and injustice that characterize Philippine society, particularly in the countryside Politics and economy are dominated by relatively small but durable group of political families Repetitiveness to charges of election fraud, corruption, nepotism and incompetence
  • 10.  In 1992, 145 of 199 representatives are from the political clans, where previously, it was 164 In 1940, only 10% of the representatives were from the business sector, but in the 9th Congress, it increased to 36%
  • 11.  Members come from not only the elite class, but the middle class (although, they have strong ties with the elites) Some came from the government sector and the law profession
  • 12. The Growth of Civil Society Civil Society is an arena of autonomous groups impervious to and functioning outside the reach of patronage, dependence or paternalism of the patron-client or patronage model After 1986, NGO grew to 30,000 Yet, NGOs until today have not yet greatly influence political results to the extent that political families have become fewer
  • 13.  NGOs have participated in local elections, although no one has produced serious research on whether or not local-level political interventions have resulted in the entry of new blood in politics Different interests of NGOs make it difficult to influence national politics
  • 14. Conclusion How are resources used by politicians? Can we fully say that politics has changed since 1986 revolution? How has Civil Society shaped Philippine politics and to what degree?