Childhood Immunisation Presentation

12,580 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
3 Comments
12 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
12,580
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
84
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
428
Comments
3
Likes
12
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Good afternoon! My name is Alanna Corbett and I’m here today to talk to you about Childhood Immunisation.
  • Childhood Immunisation Presentation

    1. 1. Childhood Immunisation Alanna Corbett
    2. 2. Childhood Immunisation <ul><li>Immunisation schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Risks </li></ul><ul><li>MMR Debate </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for opposing immunisation </li></ul>
    3. 3. Immunisation Schedule <ul><li>2 months – diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, Hib; polio and meningitis C </li></ul><ul><li>3 months - boosters for above </li></ul><ul><li>4 months – boosters for above </li></ul><ul><li>12-18 months – measles, mumps & rubella (MMR) </li></ul><ul><li>4-5 years – diphtheria, tetanus and polio booster; MMR booster, Hib booster </li></ul>
    4. 4. Benefits of Immunisation <ul><li>Child’s health </li></ul><ul><li>Eradication of disease </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of others </li></ul>
    5. 5. Risks of immunisation <ul><li>Inflammation at injection site </li></ul><ul><li>Low grade fever </li></ul><ul><li>Joint pain </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Crankiness </li></ul>
    6. 6. Risks of disease <ul><li>Men C – fever, red or purple rash, death </li></ul><ul><li>Hib – inflammation of brain, throat swelling and suffocation, pneumonia, infection, death </li></ul><ul><li>Diphtheria – growth in throat and suffocation, paralysis, death (in 7% of cases) </li></ul><ul><li>Tetanus – muscle spasms, breathing problems, convulsions, death if untreated </li></ul><ul><li>Whooping Cough – coughing fits, convulsions, coma, brain damage, death </li></ul>
    7. 7. Risks of disease <ul><li>Polio – Fever, vomiting, muscle stiffness, nerve damage, muscle paralysis, death if lung muscles paralysed </li></ul><ul><li>Measles – High fever, cough, conjunctivitis, red rash, pneumonia, inflammation of brain, brain damage, death </li></ul><ul><li>Mumps – fever, infection of salivary glands, deafness, swollen testicles (in males), infertility, brain inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Rubella – swollen glands, joint pain, rash, birth defects in unborn children – including blindness, deafness, mental retardation </li></ul>
    8. 8. Why is immunisation important? <ul><li>1998/9 – 1500 cases of Men C & 150 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>1:600 children under 5 affected by Hib until vaccine introduced </li></ul><ul><li>23 cases of diphtheria in England and Wales in 1999 – 52,000 cases and 1700 deaths in Russia in 1995 </li></ul>
    9. 9. Why is immunisation important? <ul><li>800,000 babies die every year in developing countries from tetanus because of low or no vaccination </li></ul><ul><li>100 children died in late 70s and early 80s & 18 children died between 95 & 97 from whooping cough – not vaccinated </li></ul><ul><li>2000 cases of polio round the world in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1873, 7,500 Fijians died from measles after a ship carrying the disease docked there. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Why is immunisation important? <ul><li>Mumps can still cause serious complications such as; pancreatitis, deafness and miscarriage </li></ul><ul><li>Before immunisation, rubella was a common cause of deafness </li></ul>
    11. 11. MMR debate <ul><li>Dr Andrew Wakefield published a study stating a link between MMR and autism </li></ul><ul><li>Only one study of 12 children in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous studies carried out since </li></ul><ul><li>No link proven – MMR safe </li></ul><ul><li>Autism symptoms show around same time MMR given </li></ul>
    12. 12. Usual reasons for opposing immunisation <ul><li>Religious reasons </li></ul><ul><li>It isn’t natural </li></ul><ul><li>The diseases don’t exist any more </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccines don’t work </li></ul><ul><li>Overload of child’s immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives – breastfeeding and organic food </li></ul><ul><li>Homeopathic and herbal “Alternatives” </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood diseases are trivial </li></ul>
    13. 13. Childhood Immunisation <ul><li>Benefits to child’s health </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits to health of others </li></ul><ul><li>Eradication of disease </li></ul><ul><li>No proof vaccines are dangerous </li></ul>
    14. 14. Any questions?

    ×