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Childhood Immunisation   Presentation
 

Childhood Immunisation Presentation

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  • Good afternoon! My name is Alanna Corbett and I’m here today to talk to you about Childhood Immunisation.

Childhood Immunisation   Presentation Childhood Immunisation Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Childhood Immunisation Alanna Corbett
  • Childhood Immunisation
    • Immunisation schedule
    • Benefits
    • Risks
    • MMR Debate
    • Reasons for opposing immunisation
  • Immunisation Schedule
    • 2 months – diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, Hib; polio and meningitis C
    • 3 months - boosters for above
    • 4 months – boosters for above
    • 12-18 months – measles, mumps & rubella (MMR)
    • 4-5 years – diphtheria, tetanus and polio booster; MMR booster, Hib booster
  • Benefits of Immunisation
    • Child’s health
    • Eradication of disease
    • Protection of others
  • Risks of immunisation
    • Inflammation at injection site
    • Low grade fever
    • Joint pain
    • Nausea
    • Headache
    • Crankiness
  • Risks of disease
    • Men C – fever, red or purple rash, death
    • Hib – inflammation of brain, throat swelling and suffocation, pneumonia, infection, death
    • Diphtheria – growth in throat and suffocation, paralysis, death (in 7% of cases)
    • Tetanus – muscle spasms, breathing problems, convulsions, death if untreated
    • Whooping Cough – coughing fits, convulsions, coma, brain damage, death
  • Risks of disease
    • Polio – Fever, vomiting, muscle stiffness, nerve damage, muscle paralysis, death if lung muscles paralysed
    • Measles – High fever, cough, conjunctivitis, red rash, pneumonia, inflammation of brain, brain damage, death
    • Mumps – fever, infection of salivary glands, deafness, swollen testicles (in males), infertility, brain inflammation
    • Rubella – swollen glands, joint pain, rash, birth defects in unborn children – including blindness, deafness, mental retardation
  • Why is immunisation important?
    • 1998/9 – 1500 cases of Men C & 150 deaths
    • 1:600 children under 5 affected by Hib until vaccine introduced
    • 23 cases of diphtheria in England and Wales in 1999 – 52,000 cases and 1700 deaths in Russia in 1995
  • Why is immunisation important?
    • 800,000 babies die every year in developing countries from tetanus because of low or no vaccination
    • 100 children died in late 70s and early 80s & 18 children died between 95 & 97 from whooping cough – not vaccinated
    • 2000 cases of polio round the world in 1999
    • In 1873, 7,500 Fijians died from measles after a ship carrying the disease docked there.
  • Why is immunisation important?
    • Mumps can still cause serious complications such as; pancreatitis, deafness and miscarriage
    • Before immunisation, rubella was a common cause of deafness
  • MMR debate
    • Dr Andrew Wakefield published a study stating a link between MMR and autism
    • Only one study of 12 children in Japan
    • Numerous studies carried out since
    • No link proven – MMR safe
    • Autism symptoms show around same time MMR given
  • Usual reasons for opposing immunisation
    • Religious reasons
    • It isn’t natural
    • The diseases don’t exist any more
    • Vaccines don’t work
    • Overload of child’s immune system
    • Alternatives – breastfeeding and organic food
    • Homeopathic and herbal “Alternatives”
    • Childhood diseases are trivial
  • Childhood Immunisation
    • Benefits to child’s health
    • Benefits to health of others
    • Eradication of disease
    • No proof vaccines are dangerous
  • Any questions?