PRESENT TENSE BE,PRESENT TENSE BE,DEMONSTRATIVES,DEMONSTRATIVES,POSSESSIVEPOSSESSIVEADJECTIVES, PRESENTADJECTIVES, PRESENTCONTINOUS, CAN,CONTINOUS, CAN,PREPOSITIONSPREPOSITIONSWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseBASICS OF ENGLISHGRAMMARProf Lalit
PRESENT TENSE BEWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 SpokenEnglish CourseThe verb BE has three forms: AM, IS, ARE, whichwe have to use according to the pronoun orsubject.TO BEOccupations Nouns Adjectives Places
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCESSubject Verb Form ExampleI AM I am a teacher.You ARE You are a student.He IS He is in the lab.She IS She is my sister.It IS It is a city.We ARE We are friends.They ARE They are doctors.Win ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
NEGATIVE SENTENCESYou can make negative sentences similar to thesentences before. The only different is to add NOTafter am, is, are, as you can see in the followingchart.Win ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseShe is not sad They are not in the school
NEGATIVE SENTENCESI am not I`m notHeShe is notItHe`s not = He isn’tShe’s not = She isn’tIt’s not = It isn’tWeYou are notTheyWe’re not = We aren’tYou’re not = You aren’tThey’re not = They aren’tWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
YES / NO QUESTIONSWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseIn English we have two kind of quistiones: Yes/Noquestions and Wh-questions.The Yes / No Questions are called that because theanswers always start with Yes or NoRemember to answer Yes/No questions you have topay attention to the subject.
YES / NO QUESTIONSAffirmative Statement:Yes / No question:Short Answers:Full /CompleteAnswers:John and Peter students.John and Peter students?Yes, they are / No, they aren’tYes, they are students. / No theyare not students.Affirmative Statement:Yes / No question:Short Answers:Full /CompleteAnswers:Mary tall and thin.Mary tall and thin?Yes, she is / No, she isn’tYes, she is tall and thin. / No, sheis not tall and thinWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseareAreisIs
WH - QUESTIONSWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseThe wh-questions look for information anddescriptions accoding to the quistión word.In this kind of questions you never answer Yes or No,because they are asking for some information. Theanswer is a statement with the information accordingto the question word.
WH - QUESTIONSWh-word Informationabout…ExampleWhat ThingsNameOccupationsActivitiesWhat is this? It is a book.What is your name? Mr ChandeWhat do you do? I am a TrainerWhat is he doing? He’s workingWho People Who is the director of the school? MsPadma JainWhere Places Where is he? In the house.How StateForm / mannerHow are you? I am sad….very happyHow is Loja? It is small.Win ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
REVIEWStatementNegativeStatementsYes/No Question Short AnswersI am a teacher. I am not a teacher. Am I a teacher?Yes, you are / No, youare notYou are astudent.You are not astudent.Are you a student? Yes, I am / No, I am notHe is in the lab. He is not in the lab. Is he in the lab? Yes, he is / No, he is notShe is my sister. She is not my sister. Is she my sister?Yes, she is / No, she isnotIt is a city. It is not a city. Is it a city? Yes, it is / No, it is notWe are friends. We are not friends. Are we friends?Yes, we are / No, we arenotThey aredoctors.They are notdoctors.Are they doctors?Yes, they are / No theyare notWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
DEMONSTRATIVESWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseWe use THIS / THESE when the objects are near to the speaker.This is a blackboard These are papersTHIS +Singular Nouns THESE + Plural Nouns
DEMONSTRATIVESWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseWe use THAT / THOSE when the objects are far from the speakers.That is a lake.Those are mountainsTHAT + Singular NounsTHOSE + Plural Nouns
DEMONSTRATIVESWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseQuestionsWhat is that?That is an airplane.Is that a bird?No, it is an airplane.What are those?Those are booksAre those books?Yes, they are books.
PLURAL NOUNSWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseNoun ending Forming the plural Exampless, x, ch or sh Add -es boss - bossestax - taxesbush - bushesconsonant + y Change y to ithenAdd –esfly - fliestry - triescurry – curriesmost others Add -s cat - catsface - facesday – days
IRREGULAR PLURALNoun type Forming the plural ExamplesEnds with -fe Change f to vthenAdd –sknife - kniveslife - liveswife - wivesEnds with –f Change f to vthenAdd –eshalf - halveswolf - wolvesloaf - loavesEnds with - o Add –es potato - potatoestomato - tomatoesvolcano -volcanoesWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
IRREGULAR PLURALNoun type Forming the plural ExamplesALL KINDS Change the vowelorChange the wordorAdd a differentendingman - menfoot - feetchild - childrenperson - peopletooth - teethmouse - miceUnchanging Singular and pluralare the samesheepdeerfish (sometimes)Win ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVESWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseI MyYou YourHe HisShe Her +It ItsWe OurThey Their NOUN
POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVESWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseThis is our houseHer pants are blueHis shirt is newThis is her cat
POSSESSIVE FORM ‘SWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseKevin’s wife is Rose.His wife is Rose.Charlie’s book is black.The Child’s mother is happy
PREPOSITION OF PLACEIN In the house in a shopIn a room in a townIn a car in a gardenON On a shelf on a wallOn a plate on the tableOn a balcony on a doorAT At the bus station at homeAt the door at the topAt work at the end ofWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
PRESENT CONTINOUSThe present continoustense is used to describeactivities that happennow, that meansactivities that aredevelop in the momentof speakingSubject BE -INGFORMI Am SingingHeSheItIs SingingWeYouTheyAre SingingWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
PRESENT CONTINOUSAFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE YES/NO QUESTIONSI am dancing I am not dancing Am I dancing?You are eating You are not eating Are you eating?He is sleeping He is not sleeping Is he sleeping?She is reading She is not reading Is she reading?It is running It is not running Is it running?We are walking We are not walking Are we walking?They are studying They are not studying Are they studying?Win ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
RULESVerb ending in...How to make the -INGform Examples1 vowel + 1consonantDouble the consonant,then add –INGswim - swimminghit - hittingget – getting1 vowel + 1consonant + E-Remove E, then add –INGcomecominglose - losinglive – living[anything else] Add –ING say - sayinggo - goingwalk - walkingWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
CAN / CAN’TWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourseCan is used to show abilityThey can dance He can’t play the piano He can play footballHe can swim He can skate
NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONSAFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVEYES/NOQUESTIONSSHORT ANSWERSI can cook I can not cook Can I cook? Yes, you can / No,you can´tYou can dance You can not dance Can you dance? Yes I can / No I can’tHe can play He can not play Can he play? Yes, he can / No, he can`tShe can swim She can not swim Can she swim? Yes, she can / No, she can’tIt can run It can not run Can it run? Yes, it can / No, it can’tWe can sing We can not sing Can we sing? Yes, we can / No, we can’tThey can walk They can not walk Can they walk ?Yes, they can / No, theycan’tWin ++ Academy 3 in 1 Spoken EnglishCourse
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