TYPES OF BUDDING

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BUDDING HORTICULTURAL PLANTS

BUDDING HORTICULTURAL PLANTS

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  • 1. PRESENTATION ON “TYPES OF BUDDING” By Lalhriatpuia
  • 2. BUDDING  BUDDING IS A GRAFTING TECHNIQUE IN WHICH A SINGLE BUD FROM THE DESIRED SCION IS USED RATHER THAN AN ENTIRE SCION CONTAINING MANY BUDS.  BUDDING REQUIRE THE SAME PRECAUTIONS AS GRAFTING.
  • 3. PREPARATION OF ROOT STOCK  THE ROOTSTOCK SHOULD BE 3/16 – 7/16 INCH CALIPER.  LEAVES AND SIDE BRANCHES MUST BE REMOVED.  REMOVE ANY SOIL FROM THE ROOTSTOCK.  THE ROOTSTOCK SHOULD BE CLEAN.  DORMANT ROOTSTOCK CAN BE USED.
  • 4. PREPARATION OF THE BUD WOOD  COLLECT THE BUDWOOD OR SCION IN THE DAYS WHILE THE TEMPARATURE IS COOL.  MATURE BUDS ARE MOST DESIREABLE.  DISCARD TERMINAL AND YOUNGER BUDS.  REMOVE THE LEAVES BUT KEEP THE PETOILES.  BUDSTICK SHOULD BE PREPARED IN A COOL SHADED AREA.
  • 5. T OR SHIELD BUDDING  T- BUDDING IS A SPECIAL GRAFTING TECHNIQUE IN WHICH THE SCION PIECE IS REDUCED TO SINGL.E BUD.  THE VASCULAR CAMBIUM SHOULD BE ACTIVELY GROWING.  THE CUT SHOULD BEGIN ABOUT ½ TO ¾ INCH BELOW THE BUD.  BUDDING KNIVES SOULD BE KEPT VERY SHARP.  IF THE BARK DOES NOT SLIP EASILY, THIS INDICATES THAT THE BARK IS NOT IN ACTIVE GROWTH.
  • 6. CHIP BUDDING  CHIP BUDDING SEASON IS LONGER THAN T-BUDDING SEASON.  THE FIRST CUT ON BOTH STOCK AND SCION IS MADE AT A 45 – 60 DEGREE DOWNWARD ANGLE TO A DEPTH OF 1/8 INCH.  CUT ON BOTH THE SCION AND THE ROOTSTOCK SHOULD BE EXACTLY THE SAME.  WRAPPING IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT IN CHIP BUDDING.
  • 7. INVERTED T-BUDDING IT IS SIMILAR TO T-BUDDING IN THAT BOTH METHODS OF BUDDING FOLLOWS THE SAME INCISIONS ON THE ROOTSTOCK AND BUTSTICK EXCEPT THAT IN INVERTED T THE HORIZON CUT IS MADE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE VERTICAL CUT. THIS IS DON‟T TO PREVENT THE POSSIBLE ENTRY OF WATER FROM THE TOP OF THE T CUT WHICH MAY CAUSE ROTTING OF THE SHIELD PIECE.
  • 8. I - BUDDING IT IS A METHOD OF BUDDING IN WHICH INCISIONS IN THE SHAPE OF AN „I‟ IS MADE IN THE BARK OF THE ROOTSTOCK ENDS. A RECTANGULAR BUD IS THEN INSERTED.
  • 9. FLUTE BUDDING THE BARK IS REMOVED FROM THE STEM OF THE ROOT STOCK ALMOST COMPLETELY ENCIRCLES IT EXCEPT THAT THERE REMAIN A NARROW STRIP OF BARK (~1/8 THE ROOTSTOCK CIRCUMFERENCE) THAT CONNECTS THE UPPER AND THE LOWER PARTS OF THE ROOTSTOCKS.
  • 10. PATCH BUDDING  IT IS THE SIMPLIEST TO PERFORM AMONG THE VARIOUS METHODS OF BUDDING DUE TO EASE IS IN REMOVING OR PREPARING RECTANGULAR PATCHES OF BARK.  THE COMPLETE REMOVAL OF A RECTANGULAR SHAPE PATCH OF BARK.  THE PATCH OF BUD IS CUT FROM BOTH THE ROOTSTOCK AND THE BUDSTICK BY TWO PARALLEL HORIZONTAL CUTS.
  • 11. THANKYOU