Servant songs of Isaiah - Song 2

1,102 views
992 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,102
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Servant songs of Isaiah - Song 2

  1. 1. The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 Laindon Bible Study 23rd May 2012
  2. 2. Study 1 Our five studies (God willing) Study 2 Study 3 Study 4 Study 5 Reminder – our key question: What will it take for us to be God’s servant? What does it take to be God’s servant?23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 2
  3. 3. A one slide recap Study 2• ESV heading for Song 1 a good summary: ‘The Lord commissions his special servant’• Core of the song is chapter 42 verses 1-4, but with an addendum in verses 5-7• Ultimate fulfilment our Lord Jesus Christ, as seen by its quotation in Matt. 12 v 18-21• Historical fulfilment (the servant that people of day could “Behold”) was Hezekiah: – The contest between the servants of Sennacherib and God’s servant Hezekiah (2 Chron. 32 v 9-10,16) – The historical heart of Isaiah (36-39), which immediately precedes the songs section, all about Hezekiah – The pattern of his life – a spiritual revival, a special passover, scorned/derided and his life threatened• The tone of our Lord’s service: – He did not desire to make himself known, rather he wanted to speak about his Heavenly Father (Master) – He displayed eloquence without screaming, clarity without loudness & distinction without showiness – He did not shriek or call aloud, the soundness of his arguments did not rest upon sound (volume) – He provided gentle encouragement to his listeners, fanning the dying embers back into flame• The witness of his God-given powers was a light to both Jews and Gentiles• We too must “not strive; but be gentle... patient, in meekness” (2 Tim. 2 v 24-26)• Key summarising words (which epitomise the tone of service): meekness, calmness, gentleness, quietness, patience, endurance, encouragement and compassion 23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 3
  4. 4. The Four Servant Songs table 1 Isaiah Intensity Intensity Intensity Service Servant’s Servant’s God’sSong reference theme situation response provision (minimum) Divinely Not ch. 42 v 1-4 Delighted in One Tone selected discouraged [probably to v7] –v1 –v1 –v4 Laboured/ Submission Strengthened Two ch. 49 v 1-6 Origin spent – v 4 – v 1/5 –v5 Smitten/ Resolve HelpedThree ch. 50 v 4-9 Basis ashamed – v 6 – v 7 – v 7/9 ch. 52 v 13 – Cut off Satisfaction Prolonged Four Results ch. 53 v 12 –v8 – v 11 – v 1023rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 4
  5. 5. The Four Servant Songs table 2 Isaiah DirectSong reference quotes in Quotations (minimum) NT ch. 42 v 1-4 One 1 42 v 1-4 cited Matthew 12 v 18-21 [probably to v7] Two ch. 49 v 1-6 1 49 v 6 cited Acts 13 v 47Three ch. 50 v 4-9 Nil No citations 52 v 15 cited Romans 15 v 21; 53 v 1 cited John 12 v 38; 53 v 1 cited Romans 10 v 16; 53 v 4 cited Matthew 8 v 17; ch. 52 v 13 – Four 9 53 v 4-5 cited 1 Peter 2 v 24; ch. 53 v 12 53 v 7-8 cited Acts 8 v 32-33; 53 v 9 cited 1 Peter 2 v 22; 53 v 12 cited Mark 15 v 28; 53 v 12 cited Luke 22 v 37 11 (/ 110 = 10%)23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 5
  6. 6. Word-led Submission Cooperation Song 2 – Origin of service God’s glory Isaiah 49 v 1-6 God calls his special servant NCV The servant brings salvation HCSB 1 Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The Lord hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name. 2 And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me; 3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified. 4 Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the Lord, and my work with my God. 5 And now, saith the Lord that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength. 6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.The individual servant epitomises all national Israel should have been... 23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 6
  7. 7. Song 2 & HezekiahIsaiah 49 v 1-6 The importance of1 Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; Hezekiah’s mother inThe Lord hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of his upbringing. Hermy mother hath he made mention of my name. 2 And he name, Abijah, means:hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of ‘Yah is (my) father’ a.his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in Also note the shadowhis quiver hath he hid me; 3 And said unto me, Thou art my in Isaiah’s prophecy bservant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified. 4 Then I said, Ihave laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, In the day of hisand in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the Lord, and my calamity (the landwork with my God. 5 And now, saith the Lord that formed me invaded, his own lifefrom the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to ebbing) Hezekiah felthim, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in exactly this way cthe eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength. 6 And Gentile powers sawhe said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant Israel’s king raised up dto raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preservedof Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that a2 Chron. 29v1, b Isa. 7v14,thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth. c Isa. 37v3, d 2 Kings 20v1223rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 7
  8. 8. The NT quotation of Song 2Isaiah 49 v 6 Acts 13 v 46-476 And he said, It is a light thing 46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, Itthat thou shouldest be my was necessary that the word of God should firstservant to raise up the tribes of have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it fromJacob, and to restore the you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlastingpreserved of Israel: I will also life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.give thee for a light to the 47 For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, IGentiles, that thou mayest be have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thoumy salvation unto the end of shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of thethe earth. earth.How can this be understood? Who is the “thee” in v. 47?Acts 13 v 47 John 13 v 2047 For such is the Lords command to us. "`I have 20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Heplaced Thee, He says of Christ, `as a light to the that receiveth whomsoever IGentiles, in order that Thou mayest be a Saviour send receiveth me; and he thatas far as the remotest parts of the earth." receiveth me receiveth him that Weymouth sent me.23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 8
  9. 9. The origin of Jesus’ serviceIsaiah 49 v 1-6 1. Jesus conceived in the1 The Lord Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; womb of mother Maryhath called me from the womb; from through God’s powerthe bowels of my mother hath he made (Luke 1v35)mention of my name. And he hath made my 2 2. Jesus named before hismouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand actual birth (Luke 1v31)hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in hisquiver hath he hid me; 3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in 3. Jesus’ words (sword,whom I will be glorified. 4 Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent mystrength for nought, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the Lord, and my arrows) given to him by the Lord that formedwork with my God. 5 And now, saith his Master (John 7v16)me from the womb to be his servant, to 4. Jesus formed to bebring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious inthe eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength. 6 And he said, It is a lightthing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to God’s ideal servantrestore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, thatthou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth. (Philippians 2v7) 23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 9
  10. 10. The impact of this origin on Jesus’ service• A work of glorification of His Father – “Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified” (Isa. 49v3) – “I have glorified thee on the earth” (Jho. 17v4)• A work of cooperation with His Father – “my judgment is with the Lord, and my work with my God” (v.4) – “God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself” (2 Cor. 5v19)• A work focussed on the people of His Father – “to bring Jacob again to him” “to raise up the tribes of Jacob” (v.5,6) – “I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of... Israel.” (Matt. 15v24) 23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 10
  11. 11. Verses 1-2Isaiah 49 v 1-21 Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The Lord hathcalled me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he mademention of my name. 2 And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; inthe shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in hisquiver hath he hid me;From the outset, the phraseology Two descriptions of servant’s words (“mouth”):of the song emphasises the “sharp sword” (cp. Jesus in Rev. 1v16, 2v12/16)reliance of the servant upon his Uncovering and exposing motivemaster (and shows their deep “polished shaft” (NET: “sharpened arrow”)mutual bond): (cp. use of symbol Psa. 57v4, 64v3, albeit –ive) “The Lord... called me... he made Piercing and touching conscience mention of my name... he... made my mouth like a sharp “hid me” – two different Hebrew words – sword... he hid me... made me a together convey idea of concealed, kept close, polished shaft... he hid me...” kept secret and held... How Jesus instructed(?)23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 11
  12. 12. Verses 3-5 John 17 v 1-6 Isaiah 49 v 3-5 3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified. 4 Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the Lord, and my work with my God. 5 And now, saith the Lord that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength.“laboured in vain... strength for nought”, an insight ...”yet” God is the rebalancer,into Jesus’ feelings of despair, his Master’s message rewarding the servant for hishaving been rejected? [note: parallelism] motive force, not results alone:“And when he was come near, he beheld the city, “But the Lord will vindicate me;and wept over it, Saying, If thou hadst known, my God will reward me.” (NET)even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which “yet surely my right is with thebelong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from Lord, and my recompense withthine eyes.” (Luke 19 v 41-42) my God.” (ESV) 23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 12
  13. 13. Verse 6Isaiah 49 v 66 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise upthe tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also givethee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto theend of the earth.“It is a light thing...” the servant’s Luke 2 v 29-32work/influence is beyond “Jacoband Israel”, it also encapsulates 29 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant“the Gentiles” and “the end of depart in peace, according to thy word:the earth”. 30 For mine eyes have seen thy Compare with Abrahamic salvation, 31 Which thou hast preparedpromises: “...in thee shall all before the face of all people; 32 A lightfamilies of the earth be blessed.” to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of(Genesis 12 v 3) thy people Israel.23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 13
  14. 14. The lesson from this song for us23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 14
  15. 15. Conclusion Song 2• Made • Called • Named • Taught • Word-led • Cooperation • Submission • God’s glory23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 15
  16. 16. 23rd May 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 2 16

×