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DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND
RISK REDUCTION
– AN OVERVIEW
24 JANUARY 2013

DAMBULLA

Lafir S. Mohamed | Project Manager
Practic...
WHY
WE

Worry
Excited
Feel Important
Work for
Are Interested

IN

DISASTERS
NATURAL DISASTERS
IMPACT ON;
o Loss of Lives
o Jobs (long or short term)
o Social structures (displacement,
resettlement, ...
Impacts in statists
In Sri Lanka
AFFECTED

PERIOD
Dec 2009

May 2010
Oct 2010
Nov 2010

Jan 2011
Feb 2011

DISASTER
Floods &

Landslides
Flood...
In Sri Lanka - Econ ..
DISASTER
Earthquake (seismic
activity)
Flood
Flood
Flood
Flood
Storm
Storm
Flood
Flood
Flood

DATE
...
• It not only take away over lives BUT
our livelihoods as well.

So the need for working on
DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
and bu...
Basic concepts of DRR
Commonly used terms
• HAZARD
• VULNERABILITY
• CAPACITY

• DISASTER
UNDERSTANDING THE BASICS
HAZARD– Natural phenomenon
– NOT all the natural events are Disasters
UNDERSTANDING THE BASICS
VULNERABILITY - “the tendency of things
to be damaged by a hazard”.
Socio-economic indicators of
vulnerability for Sri Lanka
–
–
–
–
–
–
–

–
–
–

poverty
Gender and disability
population de...
DISASTER

The serious disruption of the functioning of
society, causing widespread human,
material or environmental losses...
the strengths and
CAPACITY"a combination of allwithin a community,
resources available
society or organization that can re...
A disaster is possible
When Hazard and Vulnerability is there

Disaster = Hazard x Vulnerability
DISASTER Risk Reduction
• Disaster risk reduction: The conceptual framework of
elements considered with the possibilities ...
Disaster Management Cycle

Prepare

Mitigate

Respond

Recover
Disaster Management Cycle

Disaster
Prepare

Mitigate

Respond

Recover
Disaster Management Cycle

Disaster
Prepare

Mitigate

Respond

Recover
Disaster Management Cycle

Disaster
Prepare

Mitigate

Respond

Recover
Disaster Management Cycle

Disaster
Prepare

Mitigate

Respond

Recover
Disaster Management Models
Development and Disasters
• Development can create a Disaster
• A disaster can be an opportunity for
development
• Senilit...
Development and Disaster Model

Source: UNDP DMTP 1994
Legal and Institutional
Framework
Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act; No.13
of 2005
 Provides for a Framework for Disaster Risk
Management (DRM) in Sri Lank...
National Council For Disaster
Management
Ministers in charge of
Social Services
Rehabilitation &
Reconstruction
Home Affai...
• The Disaster Management Centre was
established in August 2005 under the
National Council for Disaster Management
• The M...
Organizational Structure - Disaster Management Centre
National Level

Disaster Management Centre
(Director General)

Tech....
Disaster Risk Management Mechanism at
Sub-national Level
District Secretary
District Secretary
District Secretary
District...
Disaster Management
Coordination Structure
 National Disaster Management Coordinating Committee
 District Disaster Manag...
National DRM Committees


National Disaster Management Coordinating Committee
•
•

Training and Learning Core Group
Disas...
Thank you
DRR presentation made for Oxfam Au staff and partners
DRR presentation made for Oxfam Au staff and partners
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Transcript of "DRR presentation made for Oxfam Au staff and partners "

  1. 1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RISK REDUCTION – AN OVERVIEW 24 JANUARY 2013 DAMBULLA Lafir S. Mohamed | Project Manager Practical Action Regional Programme
  2. 2. WHY WE Worry Excited Feel Important Work for Are Interested IN DISASTERS
  3. 3. NATURAL DISASTERS IMPACT ON; o Loss of Lives o Jobs (long or short term) o Social structures (displacement, resettlement, loss of members of the family) o Vulnerable community (children, women, elderly, disabled) o Economy - Livelihoods (loss of crops, no Fishing, ) o Development – Infrastructure, institutions, projects o Education (No schools, occupied by displaced)
  4. 4. Impacts in statists
  5. 5. In Sri Lanka AFFECTED PERIOD Dec 2009 May 2010 Oct 2010 Nov 2010 Jan 2011 Feb 2011 DISASTER Floods & Landslides Floods & Landslides Floods & Landslides Floods & Landslides Floods & Landslides FAMILIES PEOPLE 100735 372124 141586 DEATHS HOUSES DAMAGED PARTIALLY FULLY 03 1919 200 606072 20 1913 466 599 2060 10 86 11 14200 58667 02 75 420 294092 1117943 44 26194 7917 372576 1276510 18 22515 4240
  6. 6. In Sri Lanka - Econ .. DISASTER Earthquake (seismic activity) Flood Flood Flood Flood Storm Storm Flood Flood Flood DATE DAMAGE (000 US$) 26-Dec-2004 1,316,500 1-Feb-2011 5-Jun-1992 5-Jan-2011 14-May-2010 24-Nov-1978 22-Dec-1964 30-May-1989 2-Jun-1991 17-May-2003 300,000 250,000 200,000 105,000 100,000 37,300 35,000 30,000 29,000
  7. 7. • It not only take away over lives BUT our livelihoods as well. So the need for working on DISASTER RISK REDUCTION and building Resilience to Disasters is highly demanded
  8. 8. Basic concepts of DRR
  9. 9. Commonly used terms • HAZARD • VULNERABILITY • CAPACITY • DISASTER
  10. 10. UNDERSTANDING THE BASICS HAZARD– Natural phenomenon – NOT all the natural events are Disasters
  11. 11. UNDERSTANDING THE BASICS VULNERABILITY - “the tendency of things to be damaged by a hazard”.
  12. 12. Socio-economic indicators of vulnerability for Sri Lanka – – – – – – – – – – poverty Gender and disability population density unemployment migration malnutrition growth of large informal economies in unplanned cities socio-political tensions and uncertainty absence of sound regulatory practices, and unsustainable environmental practices
  13. 13. DISASTER The serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses, which exceed the ability of the affected people to cope using their own resources.
  14. 14. the strengths and CAPACITY"a combination of allwithin a community, resources available society or organization that can reduce the level of risk, or the effects of a disaster" UN/ISDR (2004) Knowledge, awareness, absorbing shocks, planning
  15. 15. A disaster is possible When Hazard and Vulnerability is there Disaster = Hazard x Vulnerability
  16. 16. DISASTER Risk Reduction • Disaster risk reduction: The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development.
  17. 17. Disaster Management Cycle Prepare Mitigate Respond Recover
  18. 18. Disaster Management Cycle Disaster Prepare Mitigate Respond Recover
  19. 19. Disaster Management Cycle Disaster Prepare Mitigate Respond Recover
  20. 20. Disaster Management Cycle Disaster Prepare Mitigate Respond Recover
  21. 21. Disaster Management Cycle Disaster Prepare Mitigate Respond Recover
  22. 22. Disaster Management Models
  23. 23. Development and Disasters • Development can create a Disaster • A disaster can be an opportunity for development • Senility towards Disasters in development (LH, Infrastructure, Social development)
  24. 24. Development and Disaster Model Source: UNDP DMTP 1994
  25. 25. Legal and Institutional Framework
  26. 26. Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act; No.13 of 2005  Provides for a Framework for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) in Sri Lanka  Addresses Disaster Management (DM) holistically, leading to a policy shift from response based mechanisms to a proactive approach  Measures have been taken to amend the act to address the DRM concerns after 05 years of implementation
  27. 27. National Council For Disaster Management Ministers in charge of Social Services Rehabilitation & Reconstruction Home Affairs Health Science & Technology Housing Coast Conservation Irrigation National Council for Disaster Management Chair Person : H.E. President Vice Chairman: Hon. Prime Minister Leader of Opposition Nine Provincial Chief Ministers Five MPs from Opposition Ministry of Disaster Management Police Finance Land Fisheries & Aquatic Resources Foreign Affairs Water Supply Highways Urban Development Education Power Defence Ministers in charge of DMC Environment Economic Development
  28. 28. • The Disaster Management Centre was established in August 2005 under the National Council for Disaster Management • The Ministry of Disaster Management was established in December 2005 and DMC became the implementing agency of the Ministry
  29. 29. Organizational Structure - Disaster Management Centre National Level Disaster Management Centre (Director General) Tech. Com. in each division Risk Assessment, Data Collection, Research & Analysis Centre Disaster Management Technology, Mitigation Unit Multi-Hazard Early warning & Dissemination Unit Finance Branch Intermediate & Local Levels Preparedness Planning Unit Training, Education & Public Awareness Unit Personnel & Administration Branch District Emergency Operation Centers Assistant Directors (Districts) Disaster Management Assistants National Consultants 24 x 7 National Emergency Operation Centre Media Unit
  30. 30. Disaster Risk Management Mechanism at Sub-national Level District Secretary District Secretary District Secretary District Disaster Management Committee District Disaster Management District Disaster Management Committee Committee Emergency Op. Rooms Emergency Op. Rooms Emergency Op. Rooms Govt. Departments Govt. Departments Govt. Departments Div. Level Committees Div. Level Committees Div. Level Committees GN Committees GN Committees GN Committees Disaster Management Disaster Disaster Management Centre Centre Management Centre Assistant Directors Assistant Assistant Directors Districts Districts Directors - Districts Village volunteer Village Village volunteer Committees Committees volunteer Committees Prov. Level Disaster Management Committee Local Authority Committees Military & Police Military & Police Private Sector Private Sector NGOs/ Civil Societies NGOs/ CivilSocieties NGOs/ Civil Societies Business Communities Business Business Communities Communities Early Warning, Medical / Health, Search & Rescue, Camp Management & Security Committees
  31. 31. Disaster Management Coordination Structure  National Disaster Management Coordinating Committee  District Disaster Management Committees  Divisional Disaster Management Committees  Community Disaster Management Committee  Sub Committees • Early Warning, • Medical / Health • Search & Rescue • Camp Management • Village Security
  32. 32. National DRM Committees  National Disaster Management Coordinating Committee • • Training and Learning Core Group Disaster Risk Reduction Core Group  National Emergency Response Committee  Technical Advisory Committee on Building Guidelines  Colombo Flood Committee  National Early Warning Committee
  33. 33. Thank you
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