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Музей газа


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  • 1. 3 History (Historical note) 3 Alternative projects 7 Why do we need the Museum 9 (The need to establish the Museum of the Russian gas industry) Mission (Mission of the project) 10 The concept (The concept of the exhibition in the Museum) 11 The Target audience 12 Future development 13 Proposed sites for the Museum of the Russian gas industry 15 Economics (Economics of the project) 17 International experience in gasholder using 18 content of the project
  • 2. 4 The history of Russian gas industry begins in 1811, when the Russian inventor Peter Sobolevski created and tested the first domestic device to get artificial gas. Seven years later the first street gas lamp was lit on Aptekarskiy Island in St. Petersburg. In 1835 the Charter of the first Russian gas company “Society of St. Petersburg lighting gas” was accepted. The first gas plant was constructed in the district of Obvodnyi Channel, the works on organization of the centralized gas lighting started at that time. The need in gas lighting was growing fast, so there was a need to store a gaseous fuel somewhere. That is how the first gasholders appear, the storage tanks for natural gas, landfill gas, or liquefied petroleum gas. In 1856 the Society of city lightning was established; it has placed the gas plant on Obvodnyi channel, it also designed and built two gasholder towers of the first phase (1858-1862). The second phase gasholders were built in 1884. The field of gas application expanded, and in the second half of XIX century the most of industrial plants already had their own gasholders. In the 80-s of XIX century a light bulb replaced a gas lantern, with that saving the city from the illuminating gas; in these new circumstances gasholders were no longer needed and then they have never been used for its original purpose anymore. Part of gasholders preserved to this day, while others lost their original function. In 2001 Committee on State Control, Use and Protection of Historical and Cultural Landmarks assigned the complex of buildings of gas plant with a status of recognized object of cultural heritage. Large gasholder is a monument of federal significance. At the moment these facilities are in poor condition. History Historical note
  • 3. 5 There are a lot of different industry museums in the world. Museums with clearly marked industrial specialization are good alternative projects. We can find examples in different economic sectors: Transport (Metro museum, Russian Railway company museum) Public utilities (Water museum of Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Vodokanal” Metallurgy (museum-factory of iron industry, Nizhny Tagil) Gas industry (Gas museum, Poland, Warsaw) Oil industry (Petroleum museum, Norway, Stavanger) Russian Railway Company Museum Mobile exhibition and lecture complex of Russian Railway Company Museum – it is a unique train that travels and presents innovative projects of leading Russian and International companies. First itinerary of that complex passed through the territory of 15 Russian railways from Moscow to Sovetskaya Gavan and back during two months. It did 45 stops. By popular demand of exhibition visitors second itinerary of unique Russian Railway Company train are going to start in the nearest time and it will pass through 5 Russian railways. Alternative projects
  • 4. 6 Alternative projects Museum complex “The Universe of Water” (SUI “Vodokanal of St. Petersburg”) Museum is a part of information and training center and it is situated on Spalernaya st., 56. Former clean water reservoir is a symbol of Vodokanal St. Petersburg and could be seen from the distance. The exhibition “Universe of Water” was opened in the former clean water reservoir (constructed in 1887-1889, architects E.G. Shubersky and I.A. Merts) by the 150th anniversary of Vodokanal in autumn 2008. It combines multimedia technologies and effects, spatial and text objects. Images, sounds andcolorthemesarechangingmakingtheexhibitionchangefullikewater.This exhibition has no equals neither in Russia nor abroad in terms of elaboration and use of modern technologies. 32 films about water were specially produced for the Universe of Water. The films are continuously demonstrated on large screens. The films are about music of water, information memory of water, origin of water on the Earth, healing properties of water, water in ceremonies, floods in St. Petersburg.
  • 5. 7 Nizhny Tagil Iron Industry Museum Museum-plant was opened in Nizhny Tagil in January 1989. It was founded in the metallurgical shop of the Kuibyshev plant. Now there are 6 expositions that reflect all milestones of metallurgical production such as blast-furnace shop, rolling, heart plant, power facilities, equipment for mechanical metallurgy and casting. Likewise exhibitions of the rolling stock and plant equipment of the XIX-XX centuries operate on the plant territory. First museum-plant in Russia is unique monument of the metallurgical past. Alternative projects
  • 6. 8 Alternative projects Gas Museum, Muzeum Gazownictwa (Poland, Warsaw) The group of buildings ‘Gazownia na Woli’ is one of the preserved ancient industrial architecture complexes, from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. High-quality Machinery and technological equipment of impressive size preserved in excellent working condition. The interior of a typical 19th century living space displays common gas appliances used in households, including a gas refrigerator, kitchen gas-coal stove, gas iron, thermos, an original bathroom furnace and a unique machine for boiling coffee. The Museum also presents a collection of old documents concerning the history of the Warsaw Gas Company which give ample testimony to the rich heritage of the Polish gas industry and its historic developments.
  • 7. 9 Alternative projects The Norwegian Petroleum Museum Oil was found in the end of 60-s of the XX century in Norway on the North Sea shelf and Stavanger became “petroleum” capital of Norway. The Norwegian Petroleum Museum was opened on 20 May 1999. (Norsk Oljemuseum). The unusual architecture has made the museum a landmark in the Port of Stavanger. Museum looks like a small oil platform. It focuses on offshore petroleum activity especially in the North Sea. Norwegian Petroleum museum is a museum for everyone. Its exhibits explain how oil and gas are created, discovered and produced, and what they are used for. The museum also provides information about technological advances and the way petroleum influences Norwegian society. Original objects, models, film and interactive exhibits illustrate everything from everyday life offshore to technology and dramatic incidents.
  • 8. 10 There is a need to establish the Museum because: 1. Russian gas industry has more than two hundred years history; this explains the large number of historical facts and artifacts associated with the development of the industry. For example: gasholder. 2. Russia is a world leader in gas production and transportation. 3. The gas industry in Russia is one of the most important in the economy; gas is important in all sectors of life from medicine to spacecraft construction. 4. The general public knows nothing about the technology of gas production and transportation. In connection with the above matter the Museum of gas industry will be a unique historic chronograph, which will cover all the stages of the gas industry development, and discover this to people through the presented exposition. The museum exhibition will show a mere consumer what is the work of gas industry and how important it is, because we often do not even think about it. In the museum we will not only become familiar with the process of gas production and technological progress, but we will also understand the strong influence of gas on the culture of the society, the changes in the gas industry during its development; the museum itself will demonstrate the achievements of the national heritage. Why do we need the Museum
  • 9. 11 1. Visual demonstration of gas position and gas industry in the development of modern society. 2. Preservation and restoration of historical values. 3. Building and developing of the JSC “GAZPROM” image. educational purposes promising future projects information of JSC “GAZPROM” charity work. 4. Patriotic education. 5. Developing of strategic partnership with Saint-Petersburg administration. 6. Developing of effective PR tools. 7. Establishing of a platform for the formation of staff reserve (training programs, re-certification). 8. Establishing of an innovative platform for developers to run competitions of ideas together with different scientific forums. 9. An impulse to re-development of adjacent areas. Mission
  • 10. 12 The main concept of the Museum is to reveal the whole scientific and technical potential which constitutes the modern gas industry; to demonstrate the significance of the gas industry and JSC “Gazprom” in modern life from social, economic, political and scientific points of view. The museum should have the permanent exhibition and changing exhibits. The part of the Museum can be presented as a gallery with ever-changing exhibit. This will attract new visitors coming for regular updates. The museum shall correspond to the following requirements: 1. The history of production and technology of gas transportation. 2. The history of formation and development of gas industry in Russia 3. Thematic research and educational park that will reveal the physical and chemical phenomena in technological process of gas industry. 4. Interactivity of the museum or its exhibits. It is supposed that the audience participates in the process of museum communication, gets personal experience of developing the museum space. 5. Focus on different age groups. The concept The concept of the exhibition in the Museum
  • 11. 13 1. Schoolchildren, students, residents 2. Tourists 3. International delegations, partners and clients of JSC “Gazprom” 4. Corporate clients The Target audience
  • 12. 14 Future development 1. Opening of the Museum branch offices in Russian regions. 2. Opening of a Contemporary Arts Center on the base of the Museum of gas industry; the Center will attract a much bigger audience. At the moment there is a difficult situation in the field of contemporary art in Russia - contemporary art galleries are to be closed, and then there are young active artists who often leave our country for the possibility of self- realization, self-presentation and demonstration of their works. The Contemporary Art Centre as part of the Museum will become a platform for such artists, designers and architects. So this Centre can become not only the place for modern art presentation but also an impulse to its development in our country, which will certainly have a positive effect on Museum’s activity and Gazprom image at all. 3. Competitions and awards presentation in the field of contemporary art aiming to attract Russian artists as well as foreign ones, which will make the Museum known internationally. 4. The participation in big international art exhibitions with great number of visitors from all around the world (for example, ArtBasel Miami with the total number of visitors in 3 days of more than 50,000). 5. Travelling museum exhibition in small towns (for example, by bus equipped with gas-fueled engine, with Museum exhibits). The Museum will become an effective PR-tool for its founders: Through the Museum you can communicate to the big audience of visitors, Russian as well as foreign ones. To speak about programs and trends in Gazprom, for example: ecological, contemporary art programs, charity events. To attract students of Russian universities to partial development of Museum’s exhibits, which will provide the Museum with a positive image of public company. Opening of a Museum, presentation of its programs and regular exhibitions will become a newsworthy event for major media coverage.
  • 13. 15 Proposed sites for the Museum of the Russian gas industry Gasholder at the address: Obvodnyi channel 74 It is the first gasholder in Russia. At the moment it is the only preserved monument from the time when the gas industry had been actively developing and its role had become the leading in the country’s activity. In 2001 the Committee on State Control, Use and Protection of Historical and Cultural Landmarks assigned the complex of buildings of Main gas plant with a status of discovered object of cultural heritage. Currently the territory of the gasholder belongs to “Composit” plant. The first buildings of the Main gas plant in St.Petersburg were constructed in 1858-1862. These are two gasholder towers which unfortunately haven’t been preserved. Gasholder of the second phase which was constructed in 1884 is the only preserved object of the first structures of Main gas plant for today. Circular gasholder is 42 meters in diameter and 20 meters in height. On top it is spanned with the flat dome of Schwedler system with radial metal farms tied with steel rods. In Soviet times there was a coke gas-works. After the changeover for natural gas and electricity was done, gasholders have lost their original function. Ones are used as warehouses, the others are even abandoned. However, they haven’t lost their value from the historic and cultural points of view, and stay significant monuments of industrial architecture of XIX- early XX century. This is why the establishing of the Museum of Russian gas industry is sensible to be done in the exact place of gas industry development.
  • 14. 16 Gasholder at the address: Gazovaya street 10 The gasholder was constructed in 1902 (chief engineer V.V.Korvin-Krukovskiy). In early XVIII there were “green” (powder) mills. In 1797 they were closed. In1873 the part of desert territory (on the odd-numbered side of Levashovskiy avenue) was taken by Gas plant, which was constructed for gas lighting of the Petrogradskaya and the Vyborgskaya Sides. The Gas plant was at the end of the Gazovaya street. It was opened in 1877 for gas conversion process and for natural gas storing. The circular brick building with dome roof is a gasholder of closed gas plant. In 1930-s the gasholder was redesigned for production purposes with shut-off devices and siting of workshops in it. Today this area is owned by JSC “Stilkon” which also lease the premises to manufacturing companies. Proposed sites for the Museum of the Russian gas industry
  • 15. 17 Economics Source of financing: 1. Long-term loans at a reduced rate by individuals interested in establishing of such Museum. For example: Saint-Petersburg Administration JSC «Gazprom» any other business representative in need of a powerful PR-tool to enter the international market. 2. Formation of an endowment fund; all the above mentioned can become its participants. 3. Charitable donations. Income source: 1. Admission tickets 2. Reserve of museum exhibits and its lease to other exhibition halls 3. Providing the Museum space for rent to provide thematic exhibitions, conferences, seminars, lectures and trainings 4. Sale of souvenirs 5. Cafe/restaurant 6. Hotel 7. Sponsor donations 8. Auction sale
  • 16. 18 International experience in gasholder using In 2001 gasholders of the end of XIX century in the Vienna had been reconstructed in multistory buildings with living, office and trade spaces. Vienna undertook a remodeling and revitalization of the protected monuments and in 1995 called for ideas for the new use of the structures. The chosen designs by the architects Jean Nouvel (Gasometer A), Coop Himmelblau (Gasometer B), Manfred Wehdorn (Gasometer C) and Wilhelm Holzbauer (Gasometer D) were completed between 1999 and 2001. Redevelopment took 174 million Euro. Each gasometer was divided into several zones for living (apartments in the top), working (offices in the middle floors) and entertainment and shopping (shopping malls in the ground floors). The shopping mall levels in each gasometer are connected to the others by sky bridges. The historic exterior wall of bricks was conserved. There are 615 modern apartments, an event hall holding 3.500 people, a cinema center, a shopping mall, a student home, the Vienna’s municipal archive, offices of telecommunication companies,a kindergarten, schools, medical and other facilities in the four gasometers. Gasometer A - Jean Nouvel has created a large indoor plaza with a translucent roof playing with reflections, refractions and transparencies of the old and the new. Among his projects are buildings of Arab World Institute in Paris, Torrу Agbar in Barcelona. GasometrB-TheconceptofCoopHimmelb(l)auGasometerBaddsthreenew volumes to the existing facade: The cylinder inside the Gasometer, the striking addition of the shield that is visible from outside and the multifunctional event hall situated in the base of the Gasometer. Famous Vienna architectural bureau Coop Himmelb(l)au is known for its passion to deconstruction. Gasometer C – Austrian Manfred Wehdorn created an indoor garden and an eco-friendly designed terraced structure. This reconstruction took 24,6 million Euro. Gasometer D - Wilhelm Holzbauer occupied the center of the existing building with lift and stairs, from which three compact sections were divided by indoor gardens penetrating the perimeter of the existing building.