The Democratic Republic of Congo And Their Rejections to Liberalism
Country Leaders Chief of State- President Joseph Kabila Joseph Kabila, the son of the previous chief of state Laurent Kabila, has been in presidency since the assassination of his father in January 2001, making himself Africa's youngest chief of state. Head of Government: Prime Minister AdolpheMuzito Previously fighting beside his father in a military campaign, Joseph Kabila took over his father's position after he was assassinated by his body guard in 2001. In 2006 he was inaugurated through election in December of 2006. Being only 30 years old when first becoming President, gave Joseph Kabila the title of being the youngest chief of state in Africa.
Facts About The Democratic Republic of Congo Government Type: Republic This form of government, the head of state is not a monarch and a part of the people impact the government. Capital City: Kinshasa Universal Suffrage: 18years of age
Mobutu In 1965, a man named Joseph Mobutu became president of the Democratic Republic of Congo. A few years later, in 1971, Mobutu decided to rename the country Zaire, and also gave himself the name Mobutu SeseSeko. Mobutu then declared the ban against any multiparty politics, which enabled him to prolong his position as president. Mobutu began depending on Belgium which resulted in the cancellations of developing programmes, which lead the country into an increased economic deterioration. In 1990, Mobutu agreed to lift the ban against the multiparty politics, however he still sustained his power. The following year he agrees to form a coalition government with the oppositions leader, although he ensured that he maintained control over the security apparatus and important ministries. In 1993, anti-Mobutu and rival-pro groups were created. A year later , Mobutu agrees to the appointment of Kengo WaDondo, an advocate of austerity and free-market reforms, as prime minister. Later on when Mobutu was out of the country, Tutsi rebels captured much of the eastern area of Zaire, and in 1997, Mobutu resigned as president and Laurent-Desire Kabila was installed as president.
Laurent Kabila Laurent Kabila was persistent in his guerrilla movement launched A seven month campaign that was the cause of the downfall of Mobutu, which ended one of the most corrupt and fraudulent regimes in the world. People were excited and relieved by Mobutu`s demise, but when Kabila`s plan to reconstruct the country was an obvious lack of planning, the excitement quickly vanished. A seven month campaign that was the cause of the downfall of Mobutu, which ended one of the most corrupt and fraudulent regimes in the world. People were excited and relieved by Mobutu`s demise, but when Kabila`s plan to reconstruct the country was an obvious lack of planning, the excitement quickly vanished. Congolese rebel forces as well as Rwanda and Uganda, gained control over the majority of the eastern part of the country. Angolan, Namibian, and Zimbabwean troops came to Kabila's aid and helped him recover control over the country. About a year later, the Lusaka Accord was signed by six countries and the majority of various rebel groups. The Lusaka Accord was to put a halt to the violent attacks, in order for the country to regain it’s stability and control. In 2001, Laurent Kabila was assassinated by his body guard, and his son, Joseph Kabila, became head of state and was also successful at the negotiation of withdrawing Rwandan forces from the Eastern part of Congo.
Rejections of Liberalism When Mobutu was in presidential power, he sustained power by banning opposing political parties, he rejected the competition principle of liberalism. This refuses the people's right to have a say in the government, and also the people's right to vote for who they believe should run their country. Also, another rejection to competition was the natural resources the Democratic Republic of Congo had were being taken advantage of from surrounding countries. If the Democratic Republic of Congo used competition to their advantage, they could have sold their natural resources to help their economy, because other countries would have to compete against their natural resources.
Bibliography BBC News. (2010, February 10). Democratic Republic of Congo Country Profile. Retrieved March 4, 2010, from BBC News: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1076399.stm#leaders BBC News. (2010, March). The Democratic Republic of Congo: Timeline. Retrieved March 4, 2010, from BBC News: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1072684.stm Central Intelligence Agency. (2010, March). CIA World Factbook. Retrieved March 4, 2010, from Central Intelligence Agency: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html Family Education Network . (2005). The Democratic Republic of Congo. Retrieved March 4, 2010, from Info Please: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0198161.html?pageno=4